Saturday, April 2, 1910.
EL PASO HERALD
Established April, 1S81. The El Paso Herald includes also, by absorption and
succession. The Daily News, The Telegraph, The Telegram, The Tribune.
The Graphic. The Sun. The Advertiser, The Independent,
The Journal. The Republican, The Bulletin.
MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS AND A3IER. NEWSP. PT3BLISHERS' ASSOC.
Entered at the El Paso Postoffice for Transmission at Second Class Hates.
Dedicated to the service of the people, that no 'good cause shall lack a cham
pion, and that evil shall not thrive unopposed.
r Business Office 115 14?
J Editorial Rooms 2020 2020
"1 Society Reporter 1019
L Advertising- department 11
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Daily Herald, per month. 60c. per year, $7. Weekly Herald, per year, $2.
The Daily Herald Is delivered by carriers in El Paso. East El Paso, Fort
Bliss and Towne, Texas, and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, at60 cents a month.
A subscriber desiring the address on his paper changed will please state
In his communication both the old and the new address.
Subscribers falling- to get The Herald promptly should call at the office or
telephone No. 115 before CM p. m. All complaints will receive prompt atten
The Herald bases
ell advert! sing1
contracts on a
more than twice
the circulation of
any other El
P a's o Arizona,
New Mexico or
west Texas pa-
5er. Daily average
uly 1909, 10,062.
The Association of Aaneric&n
A?TTCK-f7arc lias crammed and cerafiea to
l -JiY-niahrwi rf Ais rmblication. The detail "
report of such examination is on file at the ,
Nw York oftirA of the AssodaliCKi. No -
f other figures of circulation
L Q7 flAVXx-V A
- - ..J. - .. - . - J - J -
rN addition to knowing how to raise
ers have become well posted as to
vm A afaTir markets " savs the
an interesting story of the starting of the first special train of Laredo Bermuda
onions for tie northern market The L & G. IT. railroad has just inaugurated the
"daily onion special" which runs on almost passenger train time from Laredo to
St. Louis. The first train out consisted of ten cars of onions, and it is expected
that at least five cars will leave the city every night until the big shipments start,
and then tie shipments will run 50 to 100 cars every night for the northern mar
kets. The onion crop from that section will total several thousand cars. The crop
is a trifle short, but the prices are much better so that the growers will realize
more than they did last year. "
El Paso used to have almost a monopoly of the Texas onion. El Paso onions
were famous half a century ago and until ten or 15 years ago they were a high
priced staple in the large cities. Of late years the business has been allowed to go
to pieces, but there is probably no product that could be raised with more cer
tainty of a profitable market than the famous El Paso onion.
We are not living up to our possibilities in this valley. We have been waiting
and. wishing for the big dam these 15 or 20 years and we haven't got it yet. It is
, coming, but it will be several years before we can have'the benefits of it Mean
while it will pay every owner of ten acres or more to put in a pumping plant and
develop the underground water supply. The pumping plant will pay for itself the
first year, and the land will produce at the rate of $30 to $200 or $300 net per acre
per year with proper cultivation.
This valley and this city are literally losing many millions of dollars every
year by letting the land lie idle. If we should develop our land at this time we
could pay for the whole Rio Grande project every year out of the profits of the
farming operations. .
v ' f i :
The broom corn supply is never up to the demand. Broom ..corn is one of the
surest and most profitable crops for the regions of little rainfall. At prevailing
prices it yields from $35 to $50 per acre to the grower.
The coal miners' strike in the east will cost' about $2,000,000 a day while it
lasts, and the public pays the price. The wage increase wanted is 5, and it is a
matter of simple arithmetic to demonstrate that it will take nearly two years at
the increased rateto get back the wages lost by one month's strike, and not until
then will any benefit be had from the increase.
It's the Truth
COL. ROOSEVELT seems to have stirred up a hot pudding in Egypt with his
speech before the university. He took occasion to denounce the student
assassin of the late premier in scathing terms as well as those who would
condone such an act He commented upon the political and international situation
with characteristic vigor and demonstrated his wonderful grasp of facts and under
standing of the real conditions and sentiment of the people.
Eis remarks angered the Nationalists, and the government has been taking ex
traordinary measures to protect CoL Roosevelt from possible demonstrations of the
radical constitutionalists. He laid some very wholesome truths before the Egyp
tians and set the whole nation to thinking.
One wonders what will happen to him in Berlin when he tells the Germans the
whole truth about the German government, the German foreign and colonial policy,
and Germany's relations with Great Britain.
Arizona is possibly the only commonwealth in the union having two arbor
days. One day in February is set for the southern tier of counties, while April 8
is set for the northern counties. This is done to fit the various climates in the
Business Men Know It Pays
IN the last two years Chicago has raised $832,000 for extension of the Y. M. C. A.
work locally. A whirlwind campaign began today to raise $350,000 before
April 12. It is the intention to go right ahead and make up a total extension
and building fund of $1,750,000 for the work in Chicago. Five hundred prominent
business men are engaged in the present campaign.
All this looks as if the work of the Y. M. C. A. were not only being intelli
gently directed with tangible results to prove its worth, but also that it appeals
to hard headed business men as a profitable institution for any community.
The El Paso Y. M. C. A. is about to engage in a campaign for membership and
every business man and employe will iind it to his advantage to enrol.
Every merchant in El Paso and elsewhere who gets tied up with the trading
stamp scheme will regret it sooner or later, usually sooner. If a merchant has any
discounts to make, let him make them in cash discounts to his customers through
well advertised bargains.
NEW YORK'S legislative "bribery investigation is being paralleled in Mississ
ippi. The difference is that the New York investigation is being conducted
in public, while the Mississippi legislature is investigating its own short
comings behind barred doors. The Mississippi state senator, who admitted that he
accepted a bribe of $545 to change his vote in the senatorial contest, is fighting to
retain his seat in the senate on the general ground that he was "fully justified in
accepting the bribe, because he was actuated by thoroughly honest motives." This
country had been priding itself that its notions of private moralitygiin public office
had undergone a change for the better.
Ed Hart, of Gallup, N. M is attending federal court in Tucumcari. "In
1883," says Hart, "I was maypr of Tucumcari, coroner, justice of the peace, chief
of police, and half of the white population, the other half being my old pal, John
Dman." Mr. Hart tells of the way wild mustangs were hunted in southeastern
New Mexjco in those days. The mustangs were rounded up and kept from water
until they could, be easily roped. Then each mustang was tied to a burro, used
as an anchor. "The burros over in that country," says Hart, "used" to acquire
regular ostrich -necks from this work." Mr. Hart jemarks that "there isn't any
thing in being -a. burro."
to subscribe for
The Herald should
beware of Impos
ters and should
not pay money to
anyone unless he
can show that he
Is legally author
ized to receive it.
Bermuda onions, the Webb county farm
when to gather them and how lO ship
Laredo (Tex.) Times. The Times tells
THE greatest gift the gods bestowed on mortal was his dome of thought; it
sometimes seems a trifling thing, less useful than one's lungs or slats; a
sometimes seems .a trifling thing, less useful than one's lungs or slats; a
mere excuse, it seems, to bring us duns from men who deal in hats. Some men
appreciate their heads, and use them wisely every day, and every passing minute
shedsSnew splendor on their upward way; while some, re
gard, their heads as junk, mere idle knobs upon their
THE necks; such men are nearly always sunk in failure, and
HUMAN HEAD are gloomy wrecks. . I know a clerk who's served his
1 , time in one old store for twenty years; he's marked his
fellows climb, and climb and marked with jealousy and
tears- he's labored there since he -was young; he'll labor there till he is dead; he
never rose a, single rung, because he never used his head. I know a poorhouse in
the vale, where fifty-seven. paupers stay; they -paw the air and weep and wail, and
cuss each other all the day; and there they'll! loll while life' endures, and there
thev'll die in pauper beds; their chances were as good as yours-but then they,
never used their heads. 0 human head! Majestic box! O wondrous can, from
labels free! If man is craving fame or rocks, he'll get them if he uses thee.
Copyright, 1910, bp George Mntthews Adams.
The Boss Of the
He Decides That Ceremony Is Essential
A' AIR of subdued" importance per
vaded the Boss's Establishment
as he walked through the hall
at the close of a hara day. The im
portance, strangely enough, did not
emanate from the Boss, who, Indeed,
bore himself less consequentially than
The Boss was nevertheless subtl
awa're that some event of unsual in
terest had transpired recently in his
abode, or was about to occur there.
"Hello, dear!" called his wife. 'Tm
dressing. I'll be out in a minute."
Her tone had the polite formality
with which husbands and wives con
verse in society novels and the Boss,
rather "bewildered and by no means
pleased, passed into the sitting room
and settled down to his favorite sport
He noticed as lie seated himself that
his wife's desk, which occupied one
corner of the room, was open, display
ing a stacked profusion of strange
pamphlets. Walking toward it he be
held many envelopes address in his
wife's tall handwriting to various per
sons of whom he had never heard.
Much mystified, the Boss was about
to pick up one of the booklets and
look at it, when a soft rustling roused
him to tbe presence, in full opera re
galia, of his wife.
For one moment, as he gazed at the
bedizened lady, he was clutched with
the wild fear that he had promised to
take her somewhere.
4'Why all this splendor?" the Boss
faltered, uncertainly. "Are you are
the have I got to go out again on a
cold, stormy night like this?"
Oh. no, dear," beamed the Vision. "I
just happened to be thinking today that
people In our position owe it to them
selves to dress up a little more, to be
a little more ceremonious, and I won
dered if you would mind If hereafter
we should dress for dinner."
"What for?" Inquired the Boss, In a
tone which indicated that he was not in
the least Impressed. "Has anybody left
"No, but I thought well, you see"
p-x-nlninpd the Boss's wife. Drlmly
1 "hen people attain a certain station in
j life they owe it to others to observe
tbe forms and customs proper to their
An expression of intense anxiety fur
rowed the Boss's brow. He looked at
the door, the windows and finally bent
down and pretended to peer up the
sham chimney flue over the unllghted
gas Jogs, t
"I wonder how that thing got in
here?" he remarked, finally.
"What thing? ' asked his wife.
"Why, that bug on social position.
Where did we get It? What induce
ments did you receive for taking it in?
What are we going to feed it? Let me
tell you this," added the Boss, earnestly,
"it's all yours. You can't pass any of
it along to me.'
"But, dear, I wish you would dress.
Xou see the national committee meets
(From The Herald of
BR0NS0N BLOCK SOLD FOR $30,000;
MEXICAN EDITORS ARRESTED
E. C. Ballinger, of Philadelphia, ar
rived in El Paso last night on n:s
cross country bicycle ride, having been
compelled to walk considerable of tne
distance across the Arizona desert, out
from Los Angeles.
A warrant arrived this morning for
the arrest of editors Aguirre and
Chapa, charging them with violating
the neutrality laws, and both were
arrested by deputy marshal Scarbor
ough, while engaged in printing their
The city council held another meeting
last night and discussed the acequla.
Collector Davis announced that the
mint beds of judge Kemp and major
Fewel were drying out, and they had
to have water, and thereupon the law
makers appropriated $300 for repairs
on the ditch.
J. M. Lawrence leaves tonight foi
New York, where he will reside in the
Tomorrow will be Good Friday and
services will be held at the Catholic
churches, while St. Clement's will have
two services during the day.
Immigrant inspector Hampton has
The Old Clock
VACATION AT LAST FOR TIMEPIECE AT COURTHOUSE
It has been found that the clock in
the courthouse tower Is worn out with
the work of ages and orders have been
given that next Sunday morning the
heavy weight suspended from the time
piece must be taken down -nd stored
away in the basement.
The coil has become rusted and
warped with age, the clock becomes
tired and fails to run, and the county
judge feared it might some day become
so wearied of the heavy weight that it
would drop it down from the cupola onto
the head of tome person passing in the
For 20 long years the old clock has
looked down upon the streats of El
Paso, watched a few lonely lawyers en-
to All Well Regulated Households.
r ' I
The. Bosr wfz. was n -""-
here at 8 oclock tonight, and, as I'm
chairman, I naturally want to impress
"National committee! Chairman! Are
you raving! thundrered the astonished
"Not at all," answered the lady, with
a little air, of much humility and un
concern. "Two ladies called this after
noon to notify me that I've been elected"
one of six national committeemen to
work for the passage of the new pos
tal laws and I'm chairman besides."
"Indeed." said the Boss, solemnly,
"and what am I? Didn't the notlca
tion committee leave any title for me"
I suppose hereafter I'll be known as
the husband of the national chairman
of the Association for Rushing Love
Letters. By the way, what are the
proposed postal changes, anyhow?"
"Oh, don't you know?" gasped the na
tional chairman, in a tone of disap
pointment which approached panic.
"I've been waiting all afternoon for
you to come and tell me. I haven't
the faintest idea what It's all about,
and I told the notification committee so
and asked them to explain it to me, but
they said they couldn't they were only
the notification committee, and didn't
know but that I was expected to call
a meeting of the national committee
for tonight and I did."
Whereupon the Boss laug'iwd long
and heartily- 'Til dress," he volun
teered eagerly. "J. wouldn't miss it for
ten prize fights."
"My wife is becoming interesfel in
national politics," confided the Boss to
the Confirmed Married Man next morn
ing, and she's got a really intelligent
clutch on the situation already."
Copyright, 1910, by the New York
Evening Telegram (New Tork Herald
company.) All rights reserved.
this date, 1896)
taken several pauper immigrants off
the S. P. trains and sent them back to
Juarez during the past few days.
Mrs. W. H. Tuttle gave a very en
joyabfe spook party at her Mesa avenue
home last night,
Frank Tustin and Pat Kehoe were
appointed policeman 'this morning by
A thief broke into Ike Alderete's
hen coop last night, poisoned his dog
and robbed him of a large number of
The McGInty orchestra practices to
night. Flags are flying everywhere in
Juarez today in commemoration of the
battle of Puebla in 1867, when that
city was captured by Diaz.
The" west part of the Bronson block,
occupying part of lots 32 and 33 In
block 6, Mills map, has been sold to
J. G. Wainwright and M. L. Abbott, of
Pittsburg, Pa., by W. H. Schefflin, of
New Tork, the consideration paid be
ing $30,000. A. P. Coles handled the
deal. ' '
Metal market: Silver, 6j5c; lead, $3;
copper, 10c; .Mexican pesos, 53c.
f ter the doors of the courthouse and then
has seen men accused of every crime
approach the steps with unsteady legs
and walk into the building to stand
The few lawyers have increased in
numbers, little cliques of men who, un
der the clock, have been wont to make
political tickets have found other places
to meet and the clock has outlived its
usefulness and become dangerous. It
Pure Lucea olive oil. Eagle Brand, C.
Triolo, 419 S. El Paso street. . .
Dr. Cameron, dentist, over Guarantee
shoe store. Auto phone 1744.
.J EH I) 'mM
1 PS', iwP
t yj? mm
I fl I -S T !
OYSTER SEASON IS
NEARING CLOSE FKdw
Americans Spend $40,000,000 Annually for Oysters '
WITH the closing of the oyster
season almost at hand and a
decision on the "floated" oys
ter question soon to be given out, a
good opportunity to scrape a closer ac
quaintance with his majesty, the oyster,
is afforded. The whole world stands
on the tiptoe of expectancy to hear the
decision of the legal question "Is a
'floated' oyster a 'fattened' oyster?"
Once it was held that it Is not. Then
the Jersey members of congress had
tho case reopened. Additional testimony,
given by the Jerseyites, who flocked to
Washington to the hearing, was taken,
and now Dr. Wiley and his colleagues
on the pure food board are wrestling
over tho problem.
Floatera Not Fattened.
Thfecase in a nutshell is this: A -year
ago the pure food board held that a
"floated" oyster was not a "fattened
oyster. Several things led to this con
clusion. In the first, place, "floating"
consisted in gathering oysters from th'e
beds in which they grew, carrying them
Into braklsh water, and leaving them
there from 12 hours to two weeks, in
floats, where they could drink in all
tho braklsh water they wanted to.
It was found that In less than 24
houra they would grow to twice the na
tural size of salt water oysters. It was
claimed that they would keep in good
condition longer when out of the water,
that they were more pleasing to the eye
and to the palate. But Dr. Wiley
thought it no more possible to fatten an
oyster in a day than to fatten a steer
in a week, and he said so. To prove it
he had some of the two kinds boiled,
and then -weighed the cooked flesh. He
found that the. "floated" oyster lost 50
percent more in cooklngthan the ordin
ary salt water oyster, so he concluded
that the so-called -fattened oyster wa
nothing more than a common oyster
filled with water. The other members
of the board agreed with him, and
"floated" oysters were declared to be
adulterated within the meaning of the
pure food law.
Jersey People Protest.
A few weeks ago the case was re
opened and reargued. Tho Jerseyites,
who are principally interested in the
"floated" oyster question, declared that
they had found less than 1 percent more
water in a "floated" oyster than In one
not floated, and that the "floated"
ones always were free from mud in
their "Innards," while the others seldom
were free from it.
They produced the evidence of deal
ers and hotel men to prove that the
public demands "floated" oysters, that
they are larger, that they are more
toothsome, and that they keep for a
long period while the "unfloated" ones
tend to shrivel up and become unsalable
after a day out of the water. As the
New Jersey oyster crop is more valu
able than the wheat crop, the Jersey
ites are greatly interested in the ques
tion. When the "floated" oyster question
was decided other steps were taken for
the protection of the public from Impure
oj'sters. The use of those from polluted
bedi was forbidden, and the sale of bad
oysters prohibited. Likewise the use
of unsanitary containers was interdict
ed, and after next May it will be unlaw
ful to ship shucked oysters with ico or
water otherwlso added. Thus will the
public enjoy advantages during the next
oyster season which were unknown
The Oyster Trade.
Few businesses possess more human
Interest than the oyster trade. From
the pearl diver of Ceylon to the gather
er of the luscious Lynnhaven Bay there
is a sort of romance centers about the
oysterman. "Whether yielding the pearls
without price or the "box o' six fried"
which the humble laborer takes home,
or 'pearl" buttons, the oyster Is an in-'
terestlng, versatile and useful animal.
Even in the oyster trade the good
citizen bumps up against the issue that
will not down conservation. The In
exhaustible beds of yesterday threaten
to bo the depleted ones of tomorrow.
Vast piles of shells left in Massachusetts
regions by the Indians of three cen
turies ago bear mute but eloquent wit
ness to the extent of the beds that once
flourished off Cape Cod, and we are told
that America's first Thanksgiving din-
WITH BOYS AND MEN
BY DR. MADISON C. EETEES.
GAMBLING AND BUSINESS
Every merchant is In some sense a
speculator and it may be just as legiti
mate to deal In railroad stocks as In
dry goods. Stop legitimate speculation
and you might as well shut up all
shops. Legitimate commerce Is a con
tract betwee nresponsible parties, an
actual exchange of equivalents.
The value of commodity does not al
ways depend upon the schemes of capi
talists, but upon the temp.er of the
toilers. It depends upon the rallfall
and upon the wind that bloweth where
It listeth. So that no man can know
certainly the value of a commodity or
a security a month hence. But any
man may balance the probabilities and
form an opinion, and when ho has
formed an opinion he will 'be very like
ly to find that somebody else has
formed a different opinion and those di
vergent opinions both quicken -and reg- I
ulate the commercial exchanges upon
which depend the stability of our In
dustrial and social order. A business
should not, therefore, be called gamb
ling simply because- it is attended
BusincfN and Gambling.
How short and easy, however. Is the
step which takes one over the line
which separates legitimate, business
from gambling. That step is taken
whenever a man. instead of using his
foresight to guide him in the exchanges
which he is to make in the world's
markets, backs his judgment as to what
values will be a week or a month hence
by a deposit which is in substance a
wager. It then ceases to be an ex
change which may benefit both parties
and becomes a bet. a bet In which one
man's gain is another's loss.
I am now writing about all forms of
gambling and am speaking to men who
are engaged In mercantile concerns, to I
clerks, bookkeepers ana those whose
whole life Is to be passed-.in the excit
ing world of traffic. Whatever may be
your age or calling my subject is per
Gambler All Criminals.
I warn you against gambling be-
ner had oysters as a conspicuous fea
turo of the menu. They are no more.
Oyster:; an Egg Producers.
Further down the Atlantic coast
slightly better methods have obtained
and a reasonable effort has been made
by state and private interests to guard
the oyster beds. Luckily the oyster
lenda itself admirably to a properly
wrought out scheme of conservation. As
an ess producer it is to the American
hen as an express train on a 70-mlle-an-hour
schedule to the slowest snail that
Some of the best layers can turn out
50,000,000 eggs a season, and just an or
dinary, everyday oyster can produce
16,000,000 eggs a year. It has been cal
culated that if every one of these 16,
000,000 eggs vere to grow into a mature
oyster througii five generations "they
would make a pile of oysters as big as
eight worlds such as the one on which
Under natural conditions only one &SS
in 10,000.000 is likely to develop Into a
mature oyster. Under methods of arti
ficial propagation which have been
proved in the laboratory, if not in the
I field, the ratio might be brought down
a hundredfold, thus permitting each
female oj'ster to mother thousands of
littlo onea in a single season.
The oyster is not the only denizen
of the deep that is prolific. Holding in
solution uncounted billions, of tons of
inorganic matter carried down to the
sea during the millions of years that
have passed, plant life literally bathes
itself in riches df nutrition. While the
potato may bring, forth a hundredfold,
Its nourishment must come up through
a few roots, and drouth and other re
tarding agencies may retard its growth.
But the myriads of microscopic plants
of the sea produce a mlllionfold. In
deed, so prolific are they that if one
tiny plant were permitted to multiply
unrestricted and without the loss of
progeny through' a single week, the
whole ocean would become a mass of
To hold tliis marvelous growth in
check Is the mission of the animal life
of the sea. A single whale may strain
hundreds of gallons of water at every
gulp, and even on oyster will strain
many gallons of water a day. In thi
way a sort of gigantic balance is struck,
the plant life making available for the
animal life the food stores of Inorganic
life, and in turn being held from the
danger of a glutted market, so to speak,
by the enormous demands of the animal
The oyster is regarded as manls
friend par excelence for deep water cul
tivation. Fish may swim hundreds of
miles away and give Httle reward for
their propagation. But the oyster, aft
er the first short period of free exist
ence, spent mainly in looking around,
for a place on which to build Its perma
nent residence, settles down and spends
the rest of its natural life at that one
place, ready for the oysterman's call at
Get Into Tide.
Oysters usually like to get where the
tide runs strong, and to them the
phrase, "As happy as a clam at high
tide" Is no meaningless expression, for
tho tid- brings them abundant supplies
of food. I
The oyster, like man, is a wonderf ullv
and fearfully made creature. It has all
tho organs common to animal life, and
nearly all of them are centered in It?
gills, -which are the most complex
structures imaginable- In them aro the
pumpa which maintain a proper circula
tion of the water supply; the food col
lectors that strain the oyster's bread
and meat from the water; the, hands
tha.t carry the food to the mouth, and
the organs of reproduction, together
with the nursing chamber where the
eggs are brought to that maturity which
enables them to live for a time m tne
When the baby oyster is hatched it
looks around for awhile, visking one
place and then another, until It finds a
home site, and then settles down and
begins to build. It collects the 'lime
from the water that passes through its
strainers, and sends it out through a
secretion in tiny layers, each harden
ing space, until the completed house is
constructed. When a parasite or a grain
cause it Is illegal. No man ever gam
bles but he is a criminal to the law of
the land. The law recognizes that
gambling is taking that towhich you
have no claim. Only fair exchange is
no robbery. Taking money that be-
longs to others Is stealing. Gambling
Is theft with the stripes off. A gambler
is a thief in heart, who thrives by the
loss of others.
Gamblers are seldom industrious men
in any useful vocation. iLabor loses its
relish as 'the passion for play increases.
Business depends upon a cool head
clear judgment and self control
Gambling like fever destroys all these.
Nobody "Wants Gamblers.
No man engaged in a legitimate trade
would take a known gambler as a part
ner. Every one of you ,would count it
good reason for dissolving a partner
ship if your associate was known to
be gambling. Not a man would em
ploy a known gambler as a clerk in a
trusted position, and every employer
would dismiss an employe if it became
known that he was gambling.' The first
instinct of business is self preservation
and gambling Is destruction.
Business is all the time struggling
to do away with uncertainty, gambling
caters to chance. The stocks that are
listed highest are those whose man
agement Is safest Into whose traffic
the least of chance enters.
Every gambler sooner or later goes
to the dogs. Money that costs him
nothing means nothing. Easy come,
'rLuck and Science."
Men talk of luck or science in gamb
ling, and while there is the chance in
anything ,lt is the height of folly to
talk of any e.ven game in a gambling
house. Get out from the excitment of
the play for a moment, and coolly cal-
culate the chance you nave of winning
and then go and buy a sandbag to find
gold, go and search the river front
for diamonds or strain its waters for
perfume, but don't, in the name of com
mon sense, don't put you money on a
of sand gets into a place where it hurts
tho oyster, immediately a process of en
veloping It with a- limy formation is
begun, life result of which is the oyster
Enemies to Oyster.
There are many enemies which prey
upon the oyster. The drum fish is very
fond of young oysters as is, also the
starfish. The former delights to find
a planted bed, for there the oysters are
smoother and it is easier to crush the
shells. Often they will Invade a bed
and practically destroy it before their
presence is discovered.
The starfish travels in great schools,
at a speed of about 500 feet a day. It
begins Its work of destruction when It
is no larger than a pin head, and keeps
it up all through life. It attaches it
self to the oyster and by perslstenco
finally succeeds In tiring it out and
forcing an entrance for its stomach,
through which it absorbs the juice of
the oyster. A dredge consisting of
about a dozen mops 'arranged like the
teeth of a harrow Is dragged over the
oyster beds when the starfish are dis
covered and they are caught In It,
brought to the surface, and scalded to
Somo success has attended the 'arti
ficial propagation of the oyster and also
the fattening of them by the use of corn
meal and other substances. But in the
main the best results have been ob
tained by tho planting of seed oysters
and the return of the empty shells
It is calculated that in the work of
gathering and selling oysters more than
loo.uoo people una a nveimooa. Eng
land and France and the United States
produce perhaps eight-tenths of all the
oysters used in the world. The Amer
ican people spend annually something
liko $40,000.0Q0-4for oj'sters, the whole
sale value of the output being upwards
(All communications must bear tht
signature of the writer, but the nai
will not be published t?hsr sui r
Editor El Paso Herald:
Apropos of Mr. Fortier's talk to
the chamber of commerce Thursday,
there are some points In his talk that
I are of great interest to this section.
Mr. Fortler stated that there are
20,000 pumping plants in operation In
California and he urged the adoption
of 'that plan in the Hlo Grande valley.
Irrigation by this system in California
is devoted almost exclusively to fruit
and vegetable raising, and the water is
pumped from wells 50 to 500 feet deep.
The profit from friiit and vegetable
growing in that state is so large that
land there is worth, from $500 to $1500
per acre. Although the total profits
are small and the average quality of
the land is very much below that of
this section, both mesa and valley,
the prices they realize from all
vegetables and ail fruits are about one
third as much as are realized here.
To Illustrate: The same size boxes
of berries that we pay an average of
JL5 cents for, are sold there at 2 cents
a box retail, while the prices for vege
tables bear the same ratio to our prices.
Wages are higher there than here and
the cost of everything except fruit and
vegetables as great as here.
Fertilltr of Land.
The average fertility of the land Is
much below our land, as shown by the
average crops grown from year to year.
In California's palmy days 50 bushels
of wheat or barley per acre was con
sidered phenomenal, while it is an av
erage here. Nq such prices were real
ized for hay as the average here. These"
are simply the facts, and yet there are
many persons known as business men
in the community who Insist that con
ditions here do not justiry such state
ments, and that farming and fruit
growing are in the experimental stage,
and that the future prosperity of this
section is dependent on the building of
the Elephant Butte dam.
That It will be of great and lasting
benefit to this section is fully appre
ciated by all. but the contention that
the future welfare of the community la
dependent on It Is not admitted br any
one who is Informed on the subject.
It is a matter of surprise that we
do not learn by experience. While the
development of all of the. country west
of the Missouri river has been phe
nomenal, and much Jess favored por
tions of the west than this have been
made to add millions to the weglth o
the world by the most arduous labor
there are those who have grave doubts
as to the future of this section.
In Californfc where the , conditions
Sfi f faorable as here and where
Is JrlaTS fe?Ue aDd Prlces one-third
Sfeat as nere, Improved land la
worth from S500 to $1500 per acrt
H(J? Interesting- and pertinent ques
tion Is what will the lands of the Rio
Grande valley be worth ho lL
brought under systematic and int.ml
- X. Anderson.
Vegetation jSTot Injured W
Cold Weather Mormon
Colony STews Notes.
Colonia Dublan.Mex., April 2.-Word
come from Mell Womer's camp, m the
mountains that they have had several
refreshing Vains up there. Clouds have
formed here a number of times, but
there has been no rain. The weather
has been very cool and windy. The
cold has been severe enough to form a --'
small crust of ice upon water left on
ofdoors in open vessels. The fruit Wn.T
vegetation do not seem to be Injured
The professors of the district schools
are rushing their school work It u
desirable that they close four-week
before the usual time and they are try
ing to get in the whole year's work
The two little children of Edmund
Richardson, who are in El Paso in
search of medical aid for their eyey
seem to be Improving and their parents
feel quite encouraged. However, they
are both in bed now with the measles
Mr. Peterson of Colonia Diaz, has. re
cently made two trips to the City of
Chihuahua to represent his Interests to
the court there and to-the governor of
- V V . tUB natives-
living at La Ascencion are trying to dls-
iuro nis iana lines. JUost of his catU
have been gathered up and driven into J
La Ascencion. The court in Chihuahua
gave him a restraining order.
James Jacobson and associates of
Colonia Djaz.jwho took a contract to '
build 100 miles of fence for the Pilomas
Land and Cattle company 'expect to
J.1UOU meir contract within
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