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El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, May 03, 1910, Image 6

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EDITORIAL AND MAGAZINE PAGE
i
Tuesday, Mav 3,
1910.
EL PASO HERALD
Established April. 1SS1. The El Paso Herald Includes also, by absorption and
succession. The Daily News, The Telegraph, The Telegram, The Tribune,
The Graphic. The Sun. The Advertiser, The Independent,
The Journal, The Republican. The Bulletin.
MEKBEU ASSOCIATED PRESS AND A3IER. XEW5P. PUBLISHERS' ASSOO.
Entered at the El Paso Postoffice for Transmission at Second Class Hates.
Dedicated to the service of the people, that no good cause shall lack a cham
- plon, and that evil shall not thrive unopposed.
HERALD
TELEPHONES.
f Business Office
J Editorial Rooms
Society Reporter
V. Advertising department
BelL
. 115
.2020
.1019
. US
Auto.
Ills
2020
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Dallv Herald, per mouth. GOc. per year. 7. Weekly Herald, per .--The
Daily Herald Is delivered bv carriers in El Paso. East EI Paso. Fort
Bliss and Towne. Texas, and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, at CO cents amontt.
A subscriber desiring the address on his paper changed Will please state
In his communication both the old and the nfw address.
C03IPL 4INTS.
Subscribers falling to get The Herald promptly should call at the office or
telephone No. 115 before G.30 p. m. All complaints will, receive prompt atten
tion. .
President Carpenter's Pretty Wit
THE transparent pretense of the present school board that it is "not a political
body" as expressed in the letter of president Carpenter and secretary Har
per to the Citizens' candidates, is in keeping with the ridiculous farce of
the whole deplorable political system by which the public schools are managed by
and for a. coterie of scheming politicians with no accountability to the public.
Everybody knows the whole system of "electing" school trustees is a farce. The
trustees as they have been elected heretofore, can in no sense be the representatives
of the people. The nominees of the "ring" are chosen by one or two men and every
care is taken to retain political control over the schools.
As the correspondence published today shows, the Citizens' candidates asked to
have the names of all six candidates printed on one ballot, arranged according to
lot. This plan would to a large extent remove the taint of partisan or political in
fluence in the popular choice- Tinder such a plan the school election would become
a choice among the fittest men for the positions rather than an expression of al
legiance to the "ring." The truth appears to be that the "ring" cannot trust its
own voters to make an intelligent choice, but must have a separate "ticket" and a
party name or emblem of some kind to guide the unintelligent vDter in selecting
the ticket the b03S directs him to vote.
The Citizens' candidates have now made a new proposition to the school board
that the names be arranged on a single list in alphabetical order. This would give
the "ring" candidates a decided advantage, even with the most ignorant voters, as
they would have two of their number at the beginning of the list and one at the
end it would be easy for the "ring" managers to give specific directions to their
voters who do not read or speak English.
The school board does not of course mean to joke when it talks about itself
being a non-political body, so that it is to be presumed the board will discuss for
as much as 15 seconds the latest proposition of the Citizens' candidates in the in
terest of a fair election before the school board refuses to grant this very reason
able request.
o
Look up your poll tax receipts You will need it at the polls Saturday.
o l
The Herald cannot print anonymous communications and it will not print let
ters bearing on the water question unless the real name of the writer be printed
with the communication..
o
The annual cost of alcoholic liquor to the people of Germany is more than
twice the combined cost of the army and navy, more than four times the cost of
workingmen's insurance, and about five times the total outlay for public element
ary education. '
o
Let us have before Saturday the auditor!s report on the school board's books.
The audit was authorized quite a while ago and there is probably no good reason
why the result cannot be given to the public before the school election. If it is
favorable to the present board there can be no reason for suppressing it.
o
ti pe
NCLE WALT'S
I
I J Denatured Poem
AVO men were wrangling o'er the tariff; 'one called the other a seraph, or
something stronger yet; and after furtiier dork blue phrases? ,they punched
each ether's heads like blazes, till wet wit'h blco.1 and sweat. One hit the
other with a shutter and knocked him endways in the gutter, with melancholy
chug: and t'here. with wondrous wind and bottom, they scrapped till peelers came
and got 'em, and put 'em in the jug. Then up there came the statistician, who
stood, with pencil in position, and figured on a plank;
"the energy those men expended," he said, "before
THE STATISTICIAN the scrap jyvas ended, would turn a grindstone crank,
three hundred million times, exactly; I've put the
figures here compactly t'hey loom up fine ns silk;
that energy, if put to turning another crank, would do the churning of fifty tons
of milk. That energy, cf which I'm jawing, if harnessed down and put to sawing,
would cut ten cords of oak; or it -would pump two miles of water, or, in a butcher's
yard, would slaughter twelve steers, and that's no joke. That energy, I say, dog
gone it, would operate with wheels upon it. a coal mine, fifty years ' but here
his eloquence forsook him, and then his keepers came and took him, and held him
bv the ears.
Copyright, 3910. bj George Matthews Adams.
CbuoM
&J&&
(From The Herald of this date, 1896)
Years Ago ,
CETY COUNCIL CONSIDERS WATER;
SOLDIERS BEAT PICKED TEAM
-3-
aay
The Making Of Paper By
Frederic'
J. Haski
OVER 250 MANUFACTURERS IN UNITED -
STATES; RAGS USED FOR FINEST LINEN .
J !
PIONEER. PHILOSOPHY.
f- 4
fT HE meeting of the International I which print paper pulp is produces.
Association of Pulp Sulphide
and Paper Mills Workers in an
nual convention at Albany, .Wv
York, today, and the labor trou
bles now on between the piper
mill workers and the mills, no less
.- 1
The Burden Of Responsibilty
M
Mayor Campbell notified the city
council at last night's meeting that the
proposition to furnish water to the city
at a minimum rate of 90 cents per
month no longer held good and the
council is still in a quandary as to
what it shall do in the premises. A
meeting will be held again Tuesday to
consider the water matter.
A curtain in the "Wellington hotel
caught fire last night from coming in
contact with a bicycle lamp, which had
been laid against It. The fire depart
ment was called out but the blaze was
extinguished without damage.
There is a report to the effect that
a triweekly Sunset limited will be put
on next season.,
Mrs. Louisa Small has sold to Charles
E. McBean 17 acres of land in Y-sleta
for a consideration of 75.
A. G. Foster delivered an address to
the young men at the 1". M. C. A. this
afternoon. Ttev. G. M. ru Bois, of
Colorado, preaches at St. Clement's to
night. Today is the ninth anniversary of the
earthquake in El Paso, but there is no
observance of the day.
General manager Thorne and superin
tendent Paul, oftbe T. & P., arrived
in the city this morning, and leave for
the east tonight.
A picked team from El Paso was de
feated by the team at Fort Bliss this
afternoon bv a score of 19 to 15. -
The women who could not attend the
recent McGInty blowout have requested
the organization to give another enter
tainment similar to the one given last
February.
The G. H. pay car lert $16,900 here tq-day.
THE ITER QUESTION 10E PLAIN
BY. JAMES G. McNARY
Chairman of Mayor Sweeney's First Water Commission
The bark is removed - from sticks of
timber and they are pressed dowii
against huge grind stones by hydraulic
pressure. If the end of the stick were
pressed against the revolving stone it
would produce a kind of fine wood
than the declared intention of Quebec ! four; but by pressing the sides agamsr
to follow the suit of Ontario in pro- j it the fibres are torn loose and they
hibitlng the exportation of unmann- , Slve the necessarj-' strength to the pa
factured wood and pulp from its cronn j Per- When the pulp is ground water
lands, all together ser to bring the is kept playing on the grindstone In
paper question again tcrthe front. New- order to carry off the other elements
foundland will not allow unmanufac- I a"d to prevent the wood from becoming
tured wood to leave the colony, and dangerously heated by the great fric
Ontario, with the 51,000,000 acres of 1 tion.
timber suitable for paper making, pro- J Spruce Timber Demanded.
hlbits its exportation. With Quebec The--supplj- of spruce timber, frjm
fol. owing suit and British Columbia which the major portion of the ground
likelv to fall in linp at no distant daw wood pulp Is made, is estimated at I
conditions are rather srloomv for th i 70.000,000 cords in the United States,
manufacturer of pulp and paper, as and many times that much In C mada. J We didn't use to have to 0 to a ball
well as for those who have to bny The ..average cost of spruce timber in I game for amusement in El Paso we
either. ! Canada is about $G a cord, while in ' jUst sat around and waited for some-
Prlut Pnper May Cost More, j the United States the cost is about ; body to be killed.
It was stated freelv in the course of $9.50 per cord. The average transpoit-
the debates on the tariff that if Can- ation charges from Canada amount to
ada should decide to forbid the export- approximately $3.50 per cord, so it
ation of unmanufactured wood from iisj will be seen that the transportation
provinces, as had already been djne ! charges place the cost of Canadian
In the case of two, it might force the loss on about an even footing With
cost of print paper' higher than it ever J those of the United States. Wood pulp
has been. Hereto"o-e Quebec I?.s -.ad : cannot be produced profitably with
a license tax of 40 cents a cord on nil steam or othed expensive power. I"
timber cut on crown lands, with an i requires from 75 to 100 horsepower a
added tax of 25 cents if it were cut for day to turn out one ton of median
manufacture outside of Canada. This ically ground wood pulp, and the pulp
has meant that the United States has j will not be worth as much as $15 a
had to pas a Canadian export duty off ton when made. It is only by the uJ
25 cents a cord for all pulp wood re- zation of extremely cheap power- that
ceived from there. "What the outcome mechanical pulp can be produced at
of the present legislative .situation in a profit under present conditions.
Poplar. Hemlock and Fir Also Used.
There were 251 factories in the
United States engaged in the produc
tion of wood pulp In 1908. They used
3.346.000 cords of wood, with a value
Canada will be no one can pred zt
with safety, but many believe that it
will force publishers to pay more than
ever before for print paper.
Will Affect Newspapers
And this falls particularly hard upon I of $2S,000,000. Counting fiv'e cords to
'AYOR ROBINSON, in transmitting to the International Water company
the resolution recently passed by the council setting forth the position of
the city government, uses these words, "The city of El Paso disclaims all
responsibility for the failure to come to an agreement and for he grave and too
probable consequences thereof to all concerned and not least to the International
Water company."
The mayor and council cannot dodge the responsibility for "the failure to come
to an agreement," or for the "grave and too probable consequences." The mayor
and council are elected to manage the affairs of the city as a board of directors
would manage the affairs of a business corporation. If the board of directors of &
business corporation conducts business in such a way as to jeopardize the interests j. a. Principally
of the corporation and or one or its strongest business allies, the said board cf di
rectors cannot consistently report back to the stockholders that it "disclaims all
responsibility for failure."
The city council at the urgent suggestion of retiring mayor -Sweeney, sought to
impose upon the water company an impossible condition, impossible in that it would
compel the stockholders in the water company to do business practically without
on.eent of profit now or hereafter. That restriction would be unjust and the po
j.UfrnSffTHiL city council in this particular is unfair to the water company and is
laiallxesponsible for "the failure to come to an agreement.'
ifeVwhole burden must now rest upon the mayor and citv council until steDS
Wily taken to open the entire question to popular expression through a special
dj3fotwithstanding the well known opposition of the mayor and city council to
iMcisal ownership, there is a strong demand in this city for the purchase of the
jeSnt plant at a fair price as the basis for a future complete municipal system.
Tia proposition based on the plan proposed by mayor Sweeney's second water com-
jgsjgcjs should be put squarely before the people for a vote- If it be turned down,
tkat is the end of it: but the people should have a chance to express themselves on'
Jfcis purchase plan.
I , If thepurchase plan should be turned down, there would be, as governor
ifs&y&s plainly pointed out, only one alternative in justice to both the water com-
pany and the city, which is to raise the rales to a point that will enable the water
J tcompany to borrow the additional funds necessary to extend and improve its plant
and go on doing business at a fair profit to the investors.
There really is no third proposition to consider. It is a clear cut alternative
I etween purchasing the present plant and raising the rates to the present com
pany. No other proposition can be considered at this time.
After this matter is disposed of the city can take up and dispose of the ques
tion of putting in a high pressure system for fire purposes and also for flushing
sewers, sprinkling streets, watering parks, etc, in the lower parts of town a sys
tem that could be supplied with water from wells near the river because there
would, be no need to provide, for such uses, water that was chemically pure or fit
for domestic use. Probably the present water company, once rehabilitated, would
be willing to make a fair proposition to the city to put in this auxiliary plant, not
"" jin- jiecfii ico Vittf fnr whsf- TnaTT Tio tnlltH b a -roiicrl-ipr nstc nf 3 TmtTI1flTal TTTOOl-
' . supply. We would not burn champagne in an alcohol stove; we would not feed
strawberries to the pigs. Why should we flush our sewers and sprinkle our streets
jr with pure mesa water costing 20c per 1000 gallons? There is an abundance of pure
i water on the mesa, but it will always be expensive to develop and furnish. This
- 1 is the water for domestic purposes in El Paso for all time to come, but some plan
! s of auxiliary service for the rougher uses of water will have to be devised. This
.cenld be done either through the present company in case it is rehabilitated, or by
3ifcfr city itself under municipal ownership.
-ir The? need for an earlv settlement of this problem is imperative.
e?the city call for an ejection as soon as it can lawfully be done, so that the
people may have a chance to express themselves on the two propositions of pur
chasing the present plant or raising the rates to the present company. The special
restriction as to net income which the council seeks to impose upon the water
company as a condition of raising rates is unfair and impossible of acceptance, so
that there is no need to submit the proposition in that form to the people. Let the
rate raising proposition go to them in the shape as submitted by governor Sayers,
nd the purchase plan according to the suggestion of the second water commission.
Delay subjects us to the dangers of conflagration and pestilence, and there can
be no throwing off of responsibility by the mayor and city council in that matter.
It is plainly their next move.
o
The Texas case cited, by the attorney general's department bearing on the
question of secretary Harper's salary as a member of the school board is held by
lawyers to establish the illegality of this payment A school board that will give
the benefit of public contracts to its own members, directly or indirectly, and will
pay one of Its members a salary in direct violation of law, does not deserve the
unqualified confidence of the people.
o-
If the city were prepared to consent to the use of water from under the valley
in the neighborhood of Washington park and the two cemeteries, an opportunity
should be allowed the present company to furnish this land of water rather than
that an independent and competing proposition be encouraged whether under mu
nicipal or private ownership. The city has forced the present company to stay on
the mesa and develop the water supply there. Nobody has ever denied that water
can be had in the valley much cheaper. It would be obviously unfair, however, to
impose burdensome restrictions upokhe present company and then give another
2ncern the advantage by removing the "restrictions.
"N '
Question Why doesn't the city coun
cil either settle the vrater question It
self, or gie the people a chance to
settle it?
Answer I give it up.
Question Have the people the right
to a hand In the game?
Answer I think it's the people's turn
at the bat.
Question Do the Feople of El Pnso
private citizens, uuine-H-men-city
fathers, politicians, property owners,
taken Individually or collectively ap
pear to appreciate the gravity of the
ivater question?
Answer Not by an Elephant Butte.
Q. Is there any other question of such
-iltnl importance to the health, happi
ness and prosperity of the people of
this city today as the water question?
A. Absolutely none.
Q. What is the net result to date of
the efforts of the mayor, city council,
water company, commission Xo. 1, com
mission Xo. 'Jt receiver, court proceed-
and master In chancery?
disappointment and
expense.
Q. Unien't vre learned anything from
the confusion and wrangling of the last
12 months?
A. we've learned several things so
1 thoroughly that It would be tiresome to
repeat them.
Where are we now?
We're right up against it.
What are we up against?
Exactly the same proposition as that
fit forth by the presidfrnt of the water
company, just a year ago in his letter
to the council: Namely the city must
either raise the rates or buy the plant.
The third alternative named then was
that the company go into the hands of ?
a receiver. Well, they've gone in and
are about ready to come out, with a
good big bill which the city that is,
we, the people, will very likely have to
pay.
What have we gained by tills rlng-nround-rosy
process?
A valuation on the plant considerably
higher than that which the water com
pany agreed to accept six months ago,
and is still willing to accept.
Are the rates which the city council
and water company agreed upon fair
and just?
I spent three months as chairman of
commission No. 1 studying the water
question and I believe -the amount of
&2 auiu.i HqIil auu -l luibiid utile v v
that the schedule of rates agreed on by
the city officials and water company
as necessary to produce this gross reve
nueis tolerably fair and just.
Is the compromise price of $927,000 a
jnst price for the plant?
I think for a cash consideration it is
high, but when we consider that $450,
000 of the purchase price was to be in
the form of 15 year 4 percent notes or
long term bonds I believe the price Is
fair.
What upset the trade between the
council and water company last week?
The fact that the mayor wanted to
limit the company to 6 per cent earn
ings on the valuation of the plant.
Was this O percent gross or C percent
net?
It was 6 percent net after operating
expenses were paid.
AVhnt was that In dollars and cents?
t Six percent on $1,400,000 (the value
01 me improveu anu eniaxgeu piant; or
S84.00&.
How much wonld that be reduced by
payment of interest and sinking .fund?
The enlarged plant would be bonded
for about $1,000,000. The Interest on
those bonds at 5 percent would be $50,
000. per year and 2 percent sinking fund
would be $20,000 more, or a total of
$70,000; this subtracted from $S4,000
would leave an actual net income for
stockholders of $14,000 per year. A 1
percent charge for depreciation would
20 percent. But the law of the states
gives the city council the right to step
In at any time and reduce the rates, so
that the profits of the company would
not exceed 10 percent (The possible in
crease In profits referred to above fur
nishes an argument in favor of munici
pal ownership).
Should the wafer company, because
of the fact that It is "np against a los
ing game," be willing to accept the G
pd-ent'TrJan .offered and furnish the
city of EI Paso with water jnst for the
fun of It that is, accept a schedule of
rates (with a safety valie clause)
which 'wonld take care of all charges,
allowing the stockholders little or no
return on their Investment?
Doubtless it should be willing and
glad to do so doubtless any of us
would embrace such an opportunity
but the fact remains that they refuse
to do this and apparently we can't com
pel them to do so either by commis
sioners, receiverships .courts or laws.
If the city bought the plant, could
we work out the water problem without
a raie of rates?
Probably not- We would very likely
have to make a small raise for a few
years but in time the consumer would
certainly enjoy a great saving.
Why?
Because the city can borrow money
at 4 and 4i percent and get a pre
mium for Its bonds. The water com
pany has to pay 5 percent and sell at
a big discount. The water company also
insists upon a possible profit of 1C per
cent for the risk and responsibility as
sumed, and the service rendered, while
the city In maintaining its own plant
would only expect to break even on a
4 percent basis.
Which i- better A largely Increased
rate and private ownership or a pos
sible slight increase and municipal
ownership?
Two different commissions have
unanimously reported in favor of the
latter.
Why didn't we buy the plant six
months ago when two commissions had
recommended it and public sentiment
appeared to favor it?
Askvthe mayor and city council.
Is the present situation a dangerous
one?
It is distressing and appalling.
"What might result In EI Paso any
day?
A water famine with terrible conse
quences to life, property and vegetation.
What stands between us and disaster?
A pumping plant out on the mesa
which has been hammering away In
cessantly for years and which might
break down any hour. In that event,
we'd have to fall back on the old Watts
plant which couldn't hold up for three
days and nights under the burden ot
supplying this city with water.
"What have we to thank for protecting
us from the results of a water famine,
such as pestilence, conflagration?
Nothing but a kind Providence.
What would the people of El Paso do
if they realized the seriousness and
gravity of the situation?
They'd start en masse .for the city
hall tomorrow morning. They'd camp
on the city fathers' Trail uiitii those
worthy and honorable gentlemen got
busier than the proverbial cranberry
merchant and either took the responsi
bility on their own shoulders and did
one of two things, or called an election
at the earliest date the law would allow
and let the people decide to do one of
two things raise the rates or buy the
water company out.
" ho should pay for the election the
city, TJnclo Sam or the water company?
The people that want it that's we,
us and company. We generally pay for
what we get sooner or later.
What Is the explanation of the fail
ure of the city council to take the re
sponsibility on Its own shoulders nnd
newspaper publishers. They cannot
very well increase their selling price,
as the tendency seems to be down in
stead of up. Some industries may find
the rise in the price of raw materials
an excuse for making a two-fold in
crease in the price of the manufac
tured product. But this is not true of
the publisher. It was one instance
where the "ultimate consumer." the
newspaper subscriber in this case, was
not the sufferer when print paper went
up so sharply two year; ago. The ad
vance was variously estimated to ag
gregate from $10,000,000 to $25,000,000
a year, and it came at a time when
the advertisers were cutting down their
contracts and the sales of papers were
falling off. The burden all fell on
the publishers themselves.
Process of Manufacture.
In order thoroughly to understand the
basic principles of paper making from
wood it must be remembered that wood
consists of fiber and binding materials,
the fiber corresponding 10 the brick
and the binding materials to the mor
tar in a brick wall. To make pulp for
paper it is necessary to separate the
fiber from the binding material; the
former being used and the latter ex
cluded from papermakingv This is ac
complished by three different processes.
The vast majority of the pulp used in
print paper making is produced by a
mechanical process. luch of the high
er grade paper is produced by an acid
process, while the remainder is pre
pared by the use of an alkali. The sul
phite workers make pulp by the acid
the acre It will be seen that this
means the annual deforestation of
669,000 acres of land for paper mak
ing purposes alone, or a territory equal
pass into a sieve-like structure where
alternate suction and blowing removes
the dirt and dust. Then they are
ready for the cooker, where they are
boiled and tumbled and tossed, and
then boiled and tumbled and tocd
some more.
The resultant pulp is emptied on a
floor where the color and dirt are al
lowed to drain off. The pulp Is then
conveyed to the washing machines,
where It is cut and torn and washed
and strained until it is pure white
and the water poured over It runs off
through the sieve unsullied.
Bluing: Makes Whiter Paper.
The puip next goes to the drainer and "
from there to a machine called the
beater, which manipulates it and mixes
it with bluing. The discovery of this
process was due to an industrious
housewife who accidentally dropped the
bluing bag intended for her washtub
Into her busbanc's paper x-at- It pro
duced the whitest paper he had ever ,
made. He took it to London una cri
in area to the state of Rhode Island-! It. for a. high price, and the 'chagrin
Of the total amount of wood consumed
1,487,000 cords were spruce wood. The
tnat Jlrs. Buttonshaw felt -whPn cri
dropped her bluing Into the paner vat
principal woods, other than spruce, "Was turned into rejoicing when, her
were popla-r, hemlock, pine and fir. I husband, on being told of what she
Spruce and poplar comprised two-1 thought was her misadventure, bought
thirds of all the timber used in paper j her a scarlet coat for her discovery
manufacture. Of the spruce, one-half 1 "Sized'- by Machinery.
was made into pulp by the use of sul- j After thi3 comes the "sizing,' the
phite and the other half by 'the me- 1 transformation oX what would other
chanical grinding. Caustic soda was J "wise be absorbent blotting paper into
the reducing agent of nearly all of the j writing and printing papers. This 13
poplar- ' followed by a ssxies of operations
Cooked Under Pressure. 1 hch transform the pulp into finished
In making sulphite pulp the wood is Paper. Omitting, for brevity s sake.
4 first "rossed" or deprived of its baric, j tRe description of same of the ancil-
It Is next cut into very fine chips and ,arJ" and Incidental operations, the
then placed in a machine known as the , Fourdrinier machine first has the pulp
digester. Here it is cooked for eight
or twelve hours with sulphurous acid
( under pressure, and is then taken out
and the refuse separated. The same
process is followed in the use of caus
tic soda. The chips must be short so
as to afford the digesting agent op
portunity to follow the fiber, as very
little of it would soak in across the j
gram.
Best Paper From Bogs.
The best, papers are made from rag?,
and the very best of the Iner papers
V.U111CJ iiuiii iaga Li.rwc;ii iiuui oiui l u-ui-i
othfr mrrrwnt fnotnrfps. Thp mes f?p .
baled, like hay. with huge steam com-
1 pressors. They are first opened and
I then placed in the "thresher," where
maLUdigeu on a wire cuotn which is
in the shape of an endlesg belt. Deck
el straps of India rubber dsisrmine fie
width of the paper. As the s-ream
flows on tne water drains ot and the
wire belt carries the pulp thrbgn the
"dandy roll," which, makes vtvafp?
marks and other characteristics.
Then it passes between two elt
rolls and. on an endless belt of moist
felt, through two metal rolls which
squeeze out any remaining- watrl From
this it passes from one roll to onother.
the latter ones heated "By steam to has
ten the drying process. It acn goes to
the calendars for the nnishing touches.
Loft dried paper is dried by hand.
Printing Next to Farming.
The printing and publishing trade?,
taken from the manufacture of the raw
Paper made by the sulphite method -the thresher they are taken to
usually is of a higher grade than that ' assorting room where they are s
IP costs just about twice as terials removed by women sorters and "1,??," " ,ITC Lne Printm ana
r upwards of $30 a ton. It is I shredders. From here they are taken SI?nS?i! eS hi Ve ? a a progress
-inly in the production of book ! to the cutter which .chops them up. J" " iL - 32
est
farming. While all other trades show
an average advance of fifteen-fold in
tne past 60 years, the orintinsr and
process, sulphurous acid being the! they are beaten and threshed by me
Chemical agent thrOUtrh -whib thol ihnn!ifil annnmtns -nn.- tVio finest- oar-.
binding materials are separated from ! ried off bv suction tubes. The odor of ! roaterlals to the actual printing and
the fiber. old rars -,s almost unbearable. Fr -m I pubIl.sh.ln ,tse.lf- represent the great-
t. ; fsi inausiry in America outside ot
sorted
made by the mechanical process, and j and all buttons and other foreign ma-
tne pulp
much, or
nsp.l mni
.......... . me jnuuutnuu UI OOOK 1
paper, though a small percentage of It ' Then they go into the "devil," a ma-
i useu iu mix wun mecnanically pro- i chine that gives them such a chasten-
duced pulp in the manufacture of pulp ! ing with Its spike teeth that they are
ready to release their hnai noid on
all the dust and dirt that Ins accumu
lated during their journey from tne
cloth mill to the rag pile. They next j
!
times what they were in 1850.
Tomorrow The Southern Methodists.
ior newspapers. Anyone who has
watched a small boy turning a grind
stone while his father sharpened an
axe. has a fair Idea of the way in
Secretary Harper's Salary
The La? in the Case.
Editor El Paso Herald:
It is reported on the streets that one
of the school trustees receives $50 per
month for acting as secretary of the
board. Is this correct?
Does a member of the school board
have a legal right to recelve""pay even
though he acts as secretary of the
Ing employes, and other purposes neces- ' Editor.
LETTERS
the
:To
HERALD
board? Will you kindly answer above) The case was brought to restrain mem-
questions through the columns of The
Herald and oblige.
School Patron.
John II. Harper, member of the
school board, admits that he receives
550 per month as secretary. Following
is the law covering the case:
(Court of Civil Appeals of Texas. June
7, 1901.)
"Under Act Feb. 21, 1900, providing
for the election of trustees to consti
tute the school board of an independent
school district, all of whom shall serve
without compensation, and directing
that they shall chooso necessary offi
cers and committees, euch board cannot
allow compensation to Its secretary and
treasurer elected from their own num
ber, though Act June 23, 1S97, as
amended by Act June 6, 1S99. allows
the use of local school funds for pay-
THE GOOD OLD HERALD.
. Fallon. Xev.. April 26, 1910.
Editor El Paso Herald:
Please find enclosed money order for
which please continue mv snhsfHntJrm
s,u " l"e conuuet ot me puouc to the good old Herald that wife and
icnuuis, to De aeiermmea Dy tne trus
tees." This opinion summary was rendered
in the case of Andrew Dow brought in
the district court of Harris county.
against the board of trustees of the in
dependent school district of Houston.
bers of the board from paying a salary
to two of its members, S. E. Tracy as
secretary and J. K. Settejatt as treas
urer. The question was submitted to the
attorney general's department at Aus
tin and the following reply received:
"Editor El Paso iterald:
"We have your letter requesting the
opinion of this department as to
whether a member of the school board
of El Paso is permitted, by law, to ac
cept a salary by acting as secretary of
the board.
"We beg to call your attention to the
case of Houston vs. Dow, 63 South
western, 1027, which seems to cover the
point raised by you.
"Jas. D. Walthall,
"Assitsant Attorney General."
The case referred to :s cited above.
I enjoy reading so much.
Yours truly,
W. W. Ratliff.
long will It take to make the changes mot so long" as the mesa supply lasts.
In the present plant which are so Im
peratively needed?
It would take very nearly a year to
Certainly they will not commit them
selves to accept anything else from a
private corporation. If the city owned
order the new machinery, have it made, " " pia.m, aim .i. r.Ciueiiuii6
instal it, lav the new mains, dig more found it could supplement the mesa
wells, etc. In other words, if the ques- "water with a supply from the valley at
tion Is settled, say within 30 davs. the much less cost, the people might con-
water company or the city would have j sent to the plan
just eat up this $14,000, and the stock- I settle the water question?
holders would have left not a red cent
for dividends on their investment of
several hundred thousand dollars.
If the city council should ngltc to
clause,
Wo make
course of
waive tills t percent earning
would the water company stanj
a very nig prom in
years?
As the city grows the gross returns
would certainly inciase in a much
greater ratio than tht expenses, and the
profits might in a few xears reach 15 or 1
I am of the opinion that its an honest
indecision as to what is the right solu
tion of the problem. Ift however, the
council is deterred from action by fear
of the effect upon their political for
tunes, they have failed to rise to the
full measure of the responsibilities
thrust upon them. If political sacrifice
is , necessarj' they will never have a
more inviting opportunity to become
political heroes.
After the question Is settled, how
to rush operations vigorously to haw
the plant ready to meet the demand
this time next year.
"Would it be fair for the proposed In
crease In rates to go into effect a ear
before the company was ready to cut
out the "Watts water?
This certainly would not be fair and
just. But it appears to be necessarj-, if
we want the International Water com
pauj to spend $400,000 in improving the
plant. They claim they can't extend the
plant until thej' can sell more bonds
and thej- can't sell the bonds until the
rate is raised. The way out of the
dilemma is plain let the citj- buj' the
plant.
Will the people of EI Paso ever con- I
AVoll fli tipoti1 I sntisfifMl in c
j the; water Haillock mentioned In this
mornings paper?
Frobablj- not, considering that the
source is below the citj and near the
cemeterj. The analj-sis of Ttobt." W.
Hunt & Co., showed the following re-
! suits:
Watts water, grams of solids 56.9
I Hadlock water 45.5
Mesa water ..20.2
Let the citj- fathers give the people
a chance to vote at once on the two
alternatives of increasing the rates of
the International Water Co., or buj-ing
their plant. And if thej- believe anj
large number of the people prefer a
third alternative which we can call X,
or the unknown quantitj-, let the ballot
sent to any other water than that "mesa j contain a third space for voting against
water?" , both the two propositions.
Apparently not, willinglj- that is, 1 James G. McXary.
ABOUT BARBERS.
Editor EI Paso Herald:
The article j-ou had in the Issue of
April 29 regarding tle new sanitary
laws for a barber shop passed in some
town In Nebraska, are quite absurd. At
the same time I believe I can give j-ou
an answer to each one of them, and if
the patrons would practice them, would
probablj- find barbers a different class
of people-
First, it sajs: "A barber must not
eat onions between 7 a. m. and 9 p. m."
Verj- well, but at tne same time how
about the barber that has to put up
with it from his customers? Also how
many vile breaths- does he have to
stand over each daj-?
Second. "A barber shall not put his
thumb in a maris"Tnouth." He won't If
j-ou go to a first class union shop in
stead of a scab shop.
Tnlrd, "A barber shaU, not gossip."
lie would not if his custoiTar were not
so keen to hear the latest.
Fourth.. "A barber must ncrWise to
bacco during his working hours Isn't
a baiber allowed th. use o anj- sln
fectants when he has to stand tNer
lungers and all other kinds of diseasj
Everj-one knows tobacco is a verj- good
disinfectant and I know of one instance,
where there was an epidemic of diph
theria where about the whole popula
tion had it. One barber out of a shop
of five barbers only stood the test be
cause he used tobacco.
Fifth. "A barber should bathe after
each customer or a,t least wash his
hands." A barber certainlj keeps his
hands sterilized. for, in using hot
towels, thej- use almost boiling hot
water, and as to bathing I expect thej
are the cleanliest class of laboring
people there are.
Now this is not written bj' a barber,
but a
Printer.
OF HIS OWN VOLITION HERE.
From San Antonio (Tex.) Light and
Gazette.
Texas maj'ors seem to be in the sum
mer of their discontent- In Ef Paso
the mayor resigns, and in Denison thej
are trj-lng to make one resign.

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