Newspaper Page Text
EDITORIAL AND MAGAZINE PAGE
Thursday, May 5, 1910.
EL PASO HERALD
Iktablished April, 1881. The El Paso Herald Includes also, by absorption and
succession. The Daily News, The Telegraph, The Telegram, The Tribune,
The Graphic, The Sun. The Advertiser, The Independent,
The Journal, The Republican. The Bulletin.
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Entered at the El Paso Postofflce for Transmission at Second Class Rates.
Dedicated to the service of the people, that no good cause shall lack & cham
pion, and that evil shall not thrive unopposed.
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Daily Herald, per month. COc; per year, ?7. Weekly Herald, -;
The Dally Herald Is delivered by carriers In El Paso. East El Paso. Fort
Bliss and Towne. Texas, and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, at 60 cents a month.
A subscriber desiring: the address on his paper changed -will please state
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Subscribers falling; to get The Herald promptly should call at the office or
telephone No. 115 before 6:30 p. m. All complaints will receive prompt attention.
It Is Wrong
MOVE the stockyards out!
The city council has made a grave mistake in allowing the. establish
ing of stockyards within the city limits.
It is time already to declare the institution a nuisanceand banish it from
There are many square miles closely adjacent to the city that are available
There is absolutely no excuse for permitting stockyards to he established
within the city limits at any point.
One of. the-worst places that could be chosen from every consideration of
sanitary necessity is the second ward where the congested Mexican population
lives. The city council has no more right to permit stockyards in that part of
the city than it- would have to permit stockyards on Montana street or Mesa
It is wrong, wrong every way. The action of the council in this matter
should he reversed at once.
We have a law against keeping livestock in the city and all the dairies have
been banished, many of them at great expense and loss. Yet a dairy cow is kept
with some regard to cleanliness and sanitation, vhile stockyards have no such
protection. Flies and other pests will swarm around the yards and transmit
disease and pestilence.
One of tie very best breeding places for flies is in cow manure. t If the city
council had it in mind to create the worst possible conditions for half of El
Paso's population, it could not have chosen a more certain means of increasing the
disease and Heath rate than to permit the establishing in the most populous sec
tion of the city of great stockyards.
If the statement of the promoter is true, he expects to ship through these
yjirds every (month more cattle than have been shipped heretofore through all
the yards in or about the city. The aldermen favoring the permit to the stock
yards give as their excuse that the proprietor was obliged to pay $1 per bale for
jjfalfa at the other yards in the city. There is no law against the proprietor
going into alfalfa farming, for himself and shipping in his own feed as other
large users in this city are doing, and there is no law against his establishing
stockyards outside of the city in any one of numerous eligible locations.
.. The act of the city council in permitting these stockyards to be established
near the most populous section of the city is a direct blow at the welfare of
the entire Mexican population. ,
It is an assault upon public health and pubKc decency that must not be per
mitted to pass unchallenged and unrebuked.
A petition which has been circulating in the second ward has already been
signed by hundreds. Let it be signed by thousands and .presented to the mayor
End city council as a demand and not as a request
El Paso is glad to have stockyards established as part of her general shipping
facilities and industrial establishment; but permitting the -yards to be built
within the city limits, and especially in the most populous part of the city, is
not a business proposition and is of no benefit to the city. On the contrary, it is
a menace to the public health, and will greatly retard progress in the very section
where there is every reason to encourage it.
El Paso cannot afford to take such a long backward step.
Move the stockyards outside of the city!
The Citizens' candidates for school trustees have no selfish or. political end
ia view which cannot be said for the "ring" candidates.
If you want to perpetuate the political control of the public schools by the
"ring," which has long dominated school affairs, vote for any of the candidates
except Stevenson, McBroom, and Kxakauer.
. o "
The reclamation act is proving itself, for the great majority of payments due
under the various complete projects are being made promptly. This is the great
est test of the efficiency of the "revolving fund" plan. If the fanners under
completed projects pay up promptly, the uncompleted. projects will go steadily
Bond Election For Waterworks
AS a result of the action of the city council today, the people will have a
chance to vote airectly and conclusively, on the waterworks proposition.
At 2. special election called for the purpose, the taxpayers will vote
upon the proposed issue of $400,000 bonds, the proceeds to be applied towards
the purchase of the present plant of the water company. If this election carries,
no further election will be necessary, and the purchase of the present plant will
be consummated. If this proposition should fail to cany, then it will be necessary
to raise Tates according to the schedule recommended by ex-governor Sayers as
master in chancery.
The permanent and final solution of our water problem will best be assured
through &, purchase- of the present plant at its reasonable value, which is the
price now proposed. If, however, the people should decline to ratify the proposed
purchase, then there is only one other course for the council to adopt and that is
to Taise the rates to the present company so as to enable it to borrow money for
the necessary extensions and improvements and to carry out its contract with
The decision of the city council to submit this great question to the people
will meet universal approval. There is no higher source to appeal to than to the
people themselves, and in a matter of such grave importance as this it 'is im
portant that the principle of referendum should be applied and the result of the
election considered as binding upon the city council.
The city council in this matter has acted in accord with a public sentiment
that is overwhelming and all but universal, and the council having pleSgecLtself
In good faith to- carry but the expressed will of the people, there is-good prospect
now that the water question will be settled in accord with the opinion of the
If the Citizens' candidates are elected to the board of school trtrrtees, they
vill not award contracts to themselves for school supplies a practice which has
been too common in the past. T
Economy in managing the finances of the public schools does not mean- parsi
mony, cutwwise expenditure. This will be the method of the Citirens' candidates
0 ' .
This will be, let us hope, the last elective school board. "But tht ,is,no reason
why the political control of the schools should not be broken up right now by
electing the Citizens' candidates as trustees-
. . o
Fraternities in high schools among boys and girls are "being outlawed in va
rious cities and states by the public authorities. In preparatory schools these or
ganizations vhave long been regarded as detrimental to "good morals; -god discip
" line, and. good work in school. It will be bad for the boys and girls of this city if
the secret societies are allowed to get a foothold in our high school. The authori
ties wpuld better take appropriate action at this stage before the evil gets well
rooted. . V.
THERE was a man who had a roll so hig 'twould plug a stovepipe hole. He
longed to mingle with the crowd and show he wasn't vain or proud; to gain
theconfidence3 of those who -labor hard and wear old clothes; to prove he
was a mighty man, built on a broad, Heroic plan. But all his efforts failed, and he
was plunged in dark blue misery. The fact that he was beastly rich dumped all
his longings in the ditch- The people wouldn't overlook
the figures in his banking book; they couldn't estimate
THE BURDEN his soul, or separate it from his roll. " He gave his native
OF WEALTH 'town a park; "his conscience hurts him in the dark," the
people said, and grimly smiled; "remorse will surely drive
him wild." He gave a picnic to the poor, who bleak and
squalid lives endure; the people said: "For vain display he throws his shining
scads away; he listens to the pauper's sighs, and flaunts his bullion in their eyes."
No matter what his plan r dream, the people saw a scurvy scheme behind it, and
abused him sore, and threw it into him some more. And so he said, with aching
heart: "The rich man lives a life apart; he can't get next the common squad
while he is saddled with his wad; folks won't believe he has a soul, because they
know he has a roll."
Copyright. J 910, by George Matthews Adam
(From The Herald
There was a meeting of the city ,
council last night at which the water
question was discussed. City attorney
Townsend favored accepting the offers
of the -water company. A. P. Coles sug
gested that the city should have munici
pal ownership but not at the figure
demanded by the water company, $65,- j
vvv. coining was uone In the premises.
Residents of Juarez are observing
Cinco de Mayp by the firing of guns
and firecrackers and there will be a
concert in the plaza tonight.
People in Juarez fear hydrophobia as
there are so many dogs running wild
Mayor Arriola returned to Juarex
from Chihuahua this morning.
The school board met last night and
discussed the refusal of Miss Annie
Loomls to assist In editing "Current
Topics," the school journal.
Sheriff Simmons sold considerable
real estate this afternoon at auction.
CITY COUNCIL DISCUSSES WATER
WORKS. SMALLPOX 11 HID DDES
quest Jon of destroying some old shacks
In the lower part ot town might be
The City's Health.
City health officer W. H. Anderson's
weekly report showed a total of 37
deaths, of which 11 were Americans, 2a j
-Mexicans, 1 Italian: 30 birtns, ot wmen
11 were Americans, 17 Mexicans,
groes? 9 females and 21 males.
cases of contagious diseases reported
existing are: Whooping cough, 70;
smallpox, 3; measles, 33; scarlet fever,
2; diphtheria, l; cmcKenpox, z; typnoiu
Inspections were made of 2G2 meat
markets: 100 of dairies, 25 of slaughter
houses, 162 of fruit and vegetable
wagons, IS of restaurants, 2 of bakeries,
67 of premises, S2 cattle, IS hogs, 20 J
calves, 56 sheep, 7 cattle, 31 pounds of
fruit and vegetables, SO pounds of meat
The weekly report of sewer conimls
soner .T W. Hadlock showed 150 feet of
1 sewer laid on Detroit street. Highland
Park; 500 feet of sewerbed for dis
charge pipe to pumping plant graded.
500 feet IS inch sewer pipe laid to
connect S Y's put in, S plugged sewers
cleaned, 30 flush tanks and manholes
examined, pumping plant at river
Building inspector S. B. Haggart's
report for the month of April showed IS
permits issued or which $317.50 in fees
City auditor Booth reported $1S75 col
lected from Douglas fire department for
coal sold it and S3S.50 from the street ,
railway company for damage -to one ol .
the hose wagons. .
Collections made during the month, ot
Apru uy tne scavenger department to
Followingfctho reading of his report.
Dr. Anderson stated that there are some
shacks on Seventh street where there
had been six cases of smallpox and it is
impossible to fumigate them. The mat
ter was referred to the city attorney for
action relative to the destruction of the
following his talk on the smallpox
shacks, Dr. Anderson said: "It is time
for us to get busy with the dogs. One
child died last week from the effects of
a dog bite and I venture to say there
are at least 5000 dogs running loose
about the streets and there is consid
erable danger. I think something should
be done with them immediately."
Mayor Robinson stated that Frank
j Alderete said he would start on a' cru
sade .Monday and an effort will be made
to remove the nuisances.
Dr. Thatcher in a letter addressed to
city physician Anderson requested a
raise in salary from $125 to 175 as
bacterio'logist and veterinarian. The J
matter was referred to alderman Blu
mcnthal. To Sell a Covr.
Blumenthal reported that there are
two cows at the pest house where only
one is required and John Connors asked
for permission to sell one for $48. Upon
the recommendation of Blumenthal this
Alderman Clayton reported on a com
munication of H. C. Bradley, relative to
paving East Missouri street in which
Bradley complained of the presence or
Mrs. Hawkins's dairy near his property
between Dallas and Lee streets, causing
flies to gather. He said this prevented
him from renting houses there and con
sequently he cannot pay for paving.
Alderman Clayton said: "Mrs. Hawkins
has moved out "from there and taken
the flies with her and therefore I move
that the letter be filed."
Wants Bent for L,anil.
A bill' from .T. N. Bradt for $210 for
Ihe rent of two lots for storing pipe
was read. J. W. Hadlock stated that
Bradt had told him he would notify him
when he intended to charge rent for
the lots and this he did not do until
-T. C. Cook's petition for permission to
put in a coal hole in the rear of the
American National bank was granted.
J. W. Hadlock's petiuon for permis
of this date, 1896)
in the City Council
R. B. Bias bought block 50, North El
Paso, for $50.
Judge Blacker"s house which was re
cently burned is being repaired.
The pesthouse keeper will remain at
the pesthouse, and take care of It free
of charge as long as there are no pa-
tients in It.
The Mexican residents will give a
ball at the courthouse tonight.
Word comes from Las Cruces that
most of the fruit In that section has
been seriously damaged by the recent
Tl probate court today made an
order for the sale of real estate and
230 cattle left by the late Mrs. M. K.
Messrs. Moreno and Alvarade are now
in charge of the band in Juarez, which
was formerly conducted by Salvador
Metal market: Silver, $S i-Se; lead.
S2.90; copper, 10 l-2c; Mexican pesos,
sion to put a shed over the sewer pump
An All-Night Lamp.
T. "NT. Ardoin and others asked that
an ail night arc light be maintained in
the alley at the side of Ardoin's market.
This was granted. The cost of main-
taining it will be, $104 per annum
t Texas Fuel company, D. C
Booth and J. C. Delaney asked that a
fire dIue: be mit in on Masroffin avenue
east of the T. P. tracks. This was re
ferred to the fire and water committee!.
To the street and grade committee
was referred a petition from property
owners on Estrella street East El Paso
to have, this street graded.
Received "Without Heading:.
A communication from C. E. TTerbert
relative to the cost of a water works
and similar to previous communications
presented by him was, on motion of
alderman McGhee, received and ordered
filed, without reading it.
The ordinances for the paving ot
Myrtle avenue from Campbell to 'Arge
street, and "West Overland street from
Santa Fe to Davis street, were adopted.
For Joy Riders.
An ordinance fixing $100 fine as the
penalty for using automobile, carriages
or bicycles without permission of the
owner, was adopted.
The plumbing ordinance was finally
presented and passed.
The bond of city clerk C. W. Fassett
in the sum of $10,000. was approved, the !
sureties hfincr TV. fonlpv C V.. TTnllv. .
"W. E. Arnold, Nick H. Carson and La-
(All communication must bear tha
j signature cf the writer, but the nuot
win not oe published UMri uch 9
request fa made.)
A WATER PROTEST.
El Paso. Tex., May A.
Editor El Paso Herald:
There are being published in the
morning paper a number of letters In
regard to the water question, most of
them favoring the rates proposed in
the new franchise asked for by the
International "Water company, which
is a 75 percent increase over the pres
Now we, as citizens of El Paso and
as water users, want to protest against J
such an enormous Increase and think j
that in a matter of so much importance
that the Interest of the consumer
should be given first consideration af
ter the quality of the water has been
A 75 percent increase in the water
rate will cause many people to aban
don their grass and trees, thereby doing
great damage to the appearance of the
city. If we had a separate system with
a low rate for sprinkling and Irriga
tion, we could afford to pay 35 cents
per 1000 gallons for water for domes
The present company at its request
has had its franchise changed several
times and has gone right along violat
ing it almost every month.
"We most heartily endorse the stand
taken by the present mayor and coun
cil and it looks as though we now
had officials who had the interest of
the people at heart and would give
consideration to those citizens whose
opinions differ from theirs.
Ed Holllng, .
S. H. Sutherland,
J. L. McAfee,
Joe H. Goodman. -
American Gro. Co.,
T. A. Bray,
W. S. Rodgers.
Owns VIclons Dog: Fined.
Carmen Dan, a woman of the reserva
tion, Avas fined $5 in police ;court on a
charge of keeping a vicious dog;.
The Southern Methodists
CHURCH ENJOYING RAPID GROWTH;
HAS LARGEST REPRESENTATION IN TEXAS
THE quadrennial general confer
ence of the Methodist Episcopal
church, south, will meet today
in Ashevllle, X. C, and will continue
its sessions through the remainder of
the month. This conference, composed
of lay and ministerial delegates elected
by the 48th annual conferences, is the
supreme authority In the church. The
Methodist Episcopal church, south, has
1,850,000 members, and Is the second
largest of the 16 Methodist bodies In
the United States. The Methodist Epis
copal church, or northern branch, has
These two major Methodist churches
divide, after a fashion, the territory of
the United States. The southern branch
has the southern states and also a
large following in the west and along
the Pacific coast. The two churches
o'yerlap each other in many places, but
the movement for federation has pro
gressed to such an extent that there is
now a considerable measure of coopera
tion between the two bodies. Since
the separation in 1844 some few dif
ferences in details 0 church polity and
government have sprung up, but there
is no difference in faith and no essen
tial difference in practice. Several years
ago the two churches adopted a com
mon hymnal and ritual. If one may
give that name to the severely simp'.e
Methodistical order of worship.
Unite On Mission "Work.
There is entire cooperation between
the two churches with respect to for
eign mission fields, and in the Orient
this cooperation has reached the stage
of actual union. One of the most Im
portant measures which will be con
sidered at this meeting of the confer
ence will be the report of the joint j
commission on federation of the two
great Methodist churches. Organic and
complete union is not now contemplat
ed, but federation and complete co
operation soon" will be attained.
Thlrty-elght of the 4S annual con
ferences in this church are fully or
ganized and Independent church bodies,
subject only to the authority of the
general conference as exercised
through the college of bishops. The
other 10 annual conferen35 are mission
conferences which are under the pater
nal care of all the churefh. One of
these Is a German mission in Texas,
there are two in Brazil, one in Japan,
one in Korea, one In China,- one in
Cuba, and three in Mexico. For the
ben?fit of those who ;e not familiar
with Methodist nomenclature, it may
be said that the phrase. "Annual Con
ference," means not only the annual
meeting of preachers and lay delegates,
but also the organized body I11 a cer
tain prescribed territory, and even that
Many important and. some revolu
tionary measures wil be considered at
this session of the general conference.
Therr Is a movement In the west In fa
vor of f liminating the word ''south"
from the official name of the church
body. Several annual conferences sup
port this movement, and it will be seri
Another party in tne church advo
cates the abolition of the title of bishop
and substituting thcreror the office of
superintendent at the same time re
ducing the tenure of office from life
service to a term of eight year?. Metho
dist bishops have a great deal of epis
copal power, but the nature of their
office i purely political and not relig
ious. The bishops are not a higher or
d?r of th ministry, and they have no
i aioce5-:in jurisdiction or power, inev
are In no way comparable to the bish
ops of the Roman Catholic or the Pro-
testant Episcopal churches. t
May Abolixh Office.
Otner changes in church policy which
will be considered Include the proposal
to abolish the time limit which now
precludes the service of a pastor of one j
J .A-t Tv -i-k rtT
cnurcn exienumg muiu m.w iuu .v.
recutive vears; the abolition of the of
fice of presiding elder: the election of
presiding elders or district superintend
ents by a vote of the annual conference
and giving them a voice in the appoint
ment of nastors. Some of', these
J changes already hav, rieen adoptea in
ii. -vfpthnrtist Knisconai cnurcn. ai
I present the bishop presiding over an
1 annual conference appoints the pastors
1 of each church each year, and there Is
no apr.eal from his decision. The advo-
cates of these changes are mostly west-
t cm Methodists.
I Vanderbilt io Be Considered.
j One of the most important matters
1 which will come before the conference
relates to the management of vander
bilt university. This university is lo
cated at Nashville Tenn.. and is the
iarijost educational institution of south
ern Methodism. The question will come
up In the form of memorials from sev
eral annual conferences asking the
general conference "to take such con
clusive action as will fully and finally
assure to the church the ownership and
.. THE TROUBLE IN CUBA
HE republic of Cuba is again In
trouble. Its government is
seeking to suppress an incipient
revolution and has caused the Impris
onment of a great many leacers of the
new Independent negro party. If the
vigorous repressive measures under
taken by president Jose Miguel Gomez
are immediately successful, the Pearl
of the Antilles may be spared another
blood letting. But even the most op
timistic friend of the present regime
In Cuba must admit that the situation
Is extremely critical.
If the Gomez government fails In Its
effort to prevent an actual revolt In
arms, then the Cuban republic must
confront the most acute crisis of Its
brief but tumultuous history. No na
tion of the western world suffered so
long or so much under the tyranny of
a despotic government. None expended
so much of blood ahd treasure in Its
struggle for Independence and the right
of self government. No land on earth
possesses a richer heritage from nature.
No Infant nation in all the history of
the world has been given such, protec
tion and guidance from an older and
stronger power as the United States
has given to Cuba.
Free Cuba a Dream.
And yet not a dreamer who has pro
jected into the future a picture of
glorious, free and prosperous Cuba
Libre, but who has seen fall across his
rosy canvas the ominous shadow of a
world old trouble. From the day, when,
sunder the aegis of the United States,
Jthe single starred flag of Cuba was
t control of the university, with all the
rights accorded to the church and bish
ops under the university charter and
the findings of the Vauderbllt com
Vanderbilt university, while acknowl
edging the -control of the church, has
developed the nonsectarian i-lea in all
its branches, save the theological de
partment. In its capacity as a non
flenominatlonal school it is proposed to
federate the university with a college
for teachers to be endowed by several
million dollars by the George Peabody
education fund. Those who wish to
preserve the strictly Methodist charac
ter of the university are opposed to this
federation. The discussion on this
question promises to be very acrimoni
ous. Vanderbilt university has a thou
sand students. 125 Instructors and an
endowment of approximately $2,000,000.
It is one of the largest educational in
stitutions in the entire south.
Women "Want Privileges.
Another question v.-nich will create
great interest will come up on the pe
tition of the women of the church for
the extension of the full rights accord
ed to laymen. The women's question,
the Vanderbilt dispute and the proposal
to eliminate the word "south" from the
official name of the church will be the,
three live Issues of the conference. No
important theological or doctrinal dis
cussions are anticipated.
Under the Methodist policy the bish
ops have almost complete control of
the affairs of the church, and the elec
tion of new bishops always is an inter
esting and important part of the duties
of a general conference. There are now
only eight bishops in the church, and
one of them is superannuated. Three
active bishops have died since the gen
tral conference of 1906. which met In
Birmingham, Ala. It is probable that
two of the present active bishops will
ask to be superannuated at this time.
One Is Bishop A. W. "Wilson, of Balti
more, who is the dean of the college
of bishops, and who has been In active
service ever since 1882. The other Is
bishop X S. Key, of Sherman, Texas,
who was elected in 1886. Bishop O. P.
Fitzgerald, of NasriVllle, Tenn., is now
The other active bishops are E. R.
Hendrix, of Kansas City, Mo.; "W- A
Candler, of Atlanta, Ga.; H. C. Morrison,
of New Orleans, La.: E. E. Mess, of
Monteagle, Tenn., and James Atkins of
"Waynesvllle, N. C.
3Iay Elect Bishops.
It is probable that this conference
will elect six new bishops, possibly
elgHt. The new bishops probably will
be chosen from among the following
eminent divines of the church: "W. F.
Tillett, of Tennessee: "Walter R. Lam
buth. of Tennessee. Collins Denny, of
Virginia; J. C. Kllgore. of North Caro
lina; "W. E. Murrah, of Mississippi; W.
F. McMurray of Louisville, Ky.; J. A.
Cannon.xof Virginia: H. H. DuBose. of
Mississippi: Gross Alexander, of Ken
tucky: S. H. Walnrlght, of St. Louis;
John A. Rice, of New Orleans; R- G.
"Waterhouse. of Tennessee: Frank N.
Parker, of Louisiana; "W. C. McCoy, of
Alabama, and E. B." Chappell, of Ten
nessee. Office by Majority Vote.
The bishops are elected by a major
ity vote In the conference, ministerial
and lay delegates having equal voice.
The epi -copal election always is the
most exciting feature of the work of a
general conference, and already the
whole of southern Methodism is alive
with. Interest on account of the fact,
that such an unusually large number of
bishops is to be chosen at the Ashevllle
The Methodist Episcopal church,
south, is fourth In point of membership
among the individual Protestant bodies
of the United States. The Methodist
Episcopal church is the largest, the
National Baptist convention (negro) is
cpml. the Southern Baptist convention
is third. Next following the Methodist
is tniru. . iu"u""'& .:"; npMbv- among the Cuban people. In this set
Episcopal church, south is the Presby- m provisional government
terian church in the United States of
Strongest In Texas.
The Methodist- Episcopal church,
south has 1.S50.000 members, of which
40 percent are men and 60 "percent are
women. It has over 16.000 church
buildings, valued at $40,000,000. upon
which there Is a debt of $1,250,000. It
owns 5000 parsonages valued at $7,a00.
000. It is strongest in the state of
Texas, where it has a quarter of a mil
lion members. Outside of the south
it has it" largest membership in Cali
fornia, ' where it has more than 10,000
members. The church has enjoyed a
rapid growth in the past two decades.
Increasing its membership by mdre than
600.000 since 1890. Many Methodists ex
pect that this general conference will
mark the beginning of a positive move
ment for an aggressive evangelical
campaign based on a return to the doc
trines and methods which characterized
the' earlier periods of the Wesleyan
raised over the old Spanish forts of
Hnvana and the republic of Cuba took
its place"in the family of nations, per
sons venturing to predict the future
of Cuba have been divided Into two
classes of pessimists. There have been
those who prophesied that the republic
must fall and that the Island would be
annnexed by the United States; and
there have been those who foretold that
the republic would live and - be con
troled entirely by negroes. The free
Cuba of the dreams of the self-sucri-flcing
patriots, white and black, who
fed their hearts' blood to Spanish
swords, is not to be.
Cubans Despise Yankees.
Annexed to the United States, Cuba
might enjoy a certain measure of se
curity of life and property not possible
under any other circumstances, but It
would not be the Cuba Libre for which
Marti and Gomez and Palma and Maceo
lived and died. For. call it Ingratitude
or call it prejudice, the fact remains
that the Cuban does not like the Yan
kee. With the wound? of the Spanish
task master's whip unhealed upon his
back, he prefers the Spaniard to the
American. The memory of America's
chivalrous Intervention in Cuba's be
half has been burled beneath an ava
lanch of contempt precipitated by the
baseness of certain Individual Ameri
can adventurers. Many enlightened
Cubans look forward to annexation as
an Inevitable, but none the less de
A negro republic. ' Cuba might enjoy
a certain measurt, or true Independence,
In that it would be self-governing in
.$ PIOXEER PHILOSOPHY. -j-
There vras a time when we all iad e
go to the postoffice fer OHr mall and
then -we all know just how, much dhsI
neas everybody else was doing fey the
amount ot mall he got, but how vrlth
thlg free delivery, nobody knows any
thing about his neighbor.
form, and subject only to the Imposi
tions of home grown despots. But It
would have neither peace nor security
of life and property. It would sink
to the level of Hayti. Its industries
would, vanish and its fertile fields
would revert to the dominion of the
spirit of the jungle, the while its peo
ple returned to the barbarism of their
Race Qaextion the Issae.
While it is impossible for anyone pro
fessing the high ideals claimed for
American political institutions to give
unqualified approval to the personal or
political career of Jose Miguel Gomez,
everygne who has the good of Cuba at
heart must hope that he will be suc
cessful In his efforts to end the incipi
ent negro revolution. If he fails, and
if the .struggle between the races is
now precipitated, nothing short of a
miracle can save Cuba from certain
and complete political disaster. It Is
the first time that the race question
has been made sluarely an issue, and
It Is, therefore, the first time that the
Cuban republic has been face to face
with the necessity of settling a vital
question of internal politics.
The United States government took
over the island of Cuba from Spain on
Jan. 1, 1899, and conducted the affairs
of the island, for three years, while
preparations were madfor the Inaugu
ration of the Independent government.
In 1902 the United States turned over
the control of the island to the Cuban
government, at the head of which was
president Tomas Estrada Palma. For
more than three years the government
conducted Its own affairs, and was, to
a degree, successful and prosperous.
AH Cubans Want Offices.
But too many Cubans were burning
with the desire to hold public office
and to li-e off the public treasury. The
Palma government was unable to satis
fy -the demands of the hordes of office
seekers. The result was a revolution.
Disappointed and disgruntled leaders
raised the standard of revolt and. hy
means of inflammatory denunciation o
the governing powers and insinuating
appeals to the cupidity of the criminal
classes, they attracted a large follow
ing. Actual war was begun and fight
ing lasted a month.
" United States te Rescae.
President Palma, unable to cope with
the situation, appealed to the United
States for aid. President Roosevelt re
sponded by sending to Cuba his secre
tary of war, William H. Taft. Mr. Taft
proclaimed himself provisional governor
of the island and set up a government
in Havana, which took over the entire
control of Cuban affairs- and which en-
deavored to. settle the differences
tlement the provisional government
went far in recognition of the right
of revolution. By permitting the revo
lutionists to t retain the ownership of
the "horses they had taken during the
one month'swar, the Americans gave
what the Cubans were pleased to con
sider a seal of approval to the charac
teristic Latin-American industry of re
volt for revenue only.
liberal Party Strong.
Political parties In Cuba exist only as
the expression of the organized appe
tite of several groups of leaders. Dur
ing the last American intervention,
when the governmental reorganization
was being discussed, people of Cuba
divided into two general groups. The
Conservative party was made up of
the wealthier classes and most of Its
members were white. The Liberal party
ha'd a vast mapority of the people of
the country in its ranks, both white
and black. But unfortunately the party
was divided into two factions, not by
reason of any difference of political
opinion, but because of the opposing
and competitive political ambitions of
two party leaders. One of these was
Jose Miguel Gomez and the other was
Alfredo Zayas. Their followers were
known then, and still are, as Miguells
tas and Zayistas-
Reallzlng that continued division
would throw the presidency Into the
control of the Conservative party, a
truce was made, and the two leaders
entered into an alliance, offensive and
defensive, for the purpose of control
ing the government and the public pa-
'tronage. By the terms of this agree
ment Gomez was'to be elected president
and Zayas was to be made vice presi
dent. The coalillon .was successful at
the poles, and Gomez and Zayas were
elected-by an overwhelming majority.
Celebrate Victory "With Banquet.
On Jan. 2S, 1909. the United States
government, for the second, time, re
tired from Cuba and turned, over tm
full nowers of sovereignty to
chosen representatives of the Cul
neonle. Immediately murmurs wl
heard 'from Zayista quarters, complaJ
lne- that Gomez was not giving his p"
lltlcal" partners a square deal In the
Attribution of pie. However, Zayas'
himself made no open complaint. The
coalition between the Mlguellstas and
Zaylstas continued nominally in force
and effect until a few weeks ago. The
rupture was admitted, and the Mlg
uellstas celebrated the end of the coa
lition by a great banquet in Havana,
By the original terms of the agree
ment of the coalition. Gomez was to
serve a full terms of four years as
president, and then he rwas to retire
and support the candidacy of Zayas for
the supreme executive office. That this
agreement has been terminated by the
followers of president Gomez, pre
sumably with his sanction, injects an
(Continued on Page Seven.)