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Injection of Politics Into the
Asylum Management Is
Decried by Convention.
St. Louis, Mo., May 20. The use of
employes of state charitable Institu
tions by party managers in political
campaigns -was severoly rapped by W.
B. Moulton, president of the Illinois
state civil service commission, in an
address before the National Conference
of Charities and Correction here this
morning. Mr. Moulton cited several
cases of the abuse of political power
ar.d the misuse of charitable institu
tions in his own state, prior to the
adoption of the merit system in such
"Previous to the passage of the civil
service law " said Mr. Moulton, "the j
institutions -were used in every possiois
way to carry the districts in -which they
were situated. Emplojes -were assessed
for the expense of nearly every local or
general campaign Kankakee and Lin
coln were typnal as institutions used
for political pi.rroses. At Kankakee
luring elections he hospital bands and
uiost of the employes -were likewise en
gaged in the political contest- It could
hardly be expected that any Institution
c aid make :nu-n advancement under
j-i.cl condition. The appointments -were
f.eneially roaae, not -with the idea that
the luan would fit the office, so much
as thai the offi.e should be made to fit
the mail. Even here they often failed.
For instance, we found the landscape
gnrdncr at one piece to be a local but
cher, who knew as much about land
s' ape gardening as he did about dress
making It was not possible to main
ta n discipline in such institutions as
subordinates were usually inossession
of -men lufl'ieiiCe that superintendents
could not discipline or remove them.
"What I have said abut conditions
in the Institutions of Illinois under the
'old spoils system' is true in other
states as well, -nhere that system stHl
The elimination of politics in the ap
pointment of state governing boards of
charitable institutions was strongly ad
vocated during the discussion of the
administration of homes for the poor
snd unfortunate before the general ses
sion of the conference today.
Miss Jane Addanis, of Hull House,
Chicago, and president of the confer
ence, presided and deliered her annual
The conference will continue its ses
sions daily till May 26.
Rivalry for the privilege -of entertain
ing the conference next year has be
run and Fort Worth, Tex., is entered
m the list.
The Pacific coast titles have com-
blned on Seattle as the next meeting
place, and C. B. Yandell, secretary- of
the Seattle chamber of commerce, is
here actively representing the section.
TTn AIottic hood nf IVio TTull TTmiRfi
Settlement, at Chicago, and president of
the conference, in her address expressed
the opinion that philanthropists are ap
proaching greater uniformity in their
aims, their studies and their methods
of dispensing charity.
"If at times, the moral fire seems to
l-e dying out of the good old words re
lief ad charity, it has undoubtedly
f iled with a new warmth certain words
vihich belong distinctively to our own
times, such words as prevention, ameli
oration and social justice," she said.
"Many illustrations." aid Miss
Addams, "are possible of social advances
due to sanitary science pushed by the
charitable, but for our purpose, uoh
ng illustrates tnis more rapidly and
graphically than the changes arising
from the movement to control and eradi
cate tuberculosis. We can quite honest
ly instance the demand for a more gen
erous feeding of the healthful members
of the family which is arising from the
proper feeding of the tuberculosis pa
tient." Employing Dying People.
Mis Addams asserted (that an obli
gation rests upon the charity and cor
rection people to discover haw many of
their burdens -conie to them as the re
sult of social neglect, remedial incapac
ity, and a lack of industrial safeguards.
f-he instanced an American white lead
factory where she said ever;' workman
is discharged at the end of three
months, not for faulty work, but to
prevent the men from developing lead
"This is, of course, cheaper than to
employ examining physicians or to in
stal safeguards," commented the speak
er She told of a pottery factory
where she said men are chiefly engaged
(Continued on Page Five.)
COMET CAUSES TERROR
Blsbce, Arir-, May 20. Medieval scenes occurred in the Mexican settle
ment in Chihuahua hill over fear of the comet. A number of laborers refused
to work and some families spent the day in praying.
A house on the hill was transformed into a strange place of worship. The
windows were closed, and. images were displayed, before which burned a can
dle said to be blessed in an old Spanish sanctuary in Mexico. The silence of
the place was broken at times by sobs emanating from the people scarcely
discernible in. the dim light, who were prostrated before the images with
their faces almost to the ground.
A superstitious terror was experienced when, by an accident, the can
dle fell from its place. Cries of horror were heard and two women fainted.
X young Mexican, Manuel Moreno, ended the scene by opening the -windows
and threatening to call the police if the superstitious exercises were t
Believed the Present Census
Will Show El Paso a City
of 38,000 Souls.
CENSUS TEN YEARS
AGO WAS 16,000
What will the census total be? This
question is agitating the minds of EI
Pasoans these days, and the official
announcement of the government cen
sus count is awaited with much interest
here. As a guess, and taking Into ac
count the volunteer census, El Paso is
given a total population of 3&000 in
round numbers. The census may go
a few hundred over this number or an
equal amount under the figure, but it
is thought that the official announce
ment of the government census will
not be far from 38,000.
While this figure Is not as high as
many people had placed the population
of El Paso, It Indicates a most remark
able growth since the last government
census. This census taken in 1300, gave
El Paso 16,000 population. With the
estimate of 3S.0Q0 as a basis for the
present census, which Is admitted to be
a conservative one, the population of
this city has more than doubled during
the past ten years, a record which is
unique In the census records. This in
crease has been a steady one ana there
have been no indications of a boom at
any time during the ten years. Ratlier
the city has had a steady growth dur
ing the period since the last .official
census was taken.
With the beginning of work on the
Elephant-Butte dam, the population of
this city will receive its greatest impe
tus. While the growth of the city has
been steady, the valleys have not been
settled as rapidly as they should have
been. The assurance of the big dam
and its guarantee of a permanent -water
supply will caue these valleys to be
settled more rapidly during the next
five years than during the entire time
since the lands were tilled by the Mexi
can ranch owners decades ago. Such an
increase in the population of the val
leys above and below El Paso will in
sure a continued growth here in the
city, and the much coveted 100,000 is
more than possible before the next cen
sus is taken in 1920. El Paso only
needs to grow at the same ratio of the
past ten years to accomplish this.
BELTOX B.INKS REFUSE TO
PAY TAXES AXD FILE SUIT
A sic Injunction to Prevent Payment on
More Than :0 Percent of Per
Eelton. Tex., May 20. The first suit
of the kind filed in the stafe was made
of record here this morning when J. E.
Ferguson and others petitioned for an
Injunction against county tax collector
Ensor, and others, to prevent enforcing
the collection of taxes oa a higher basis
than 50 percent. The plaintiffs repre
sent the stockholders of three banks,
the First National, the City National
and the Temple State banks. They say
they have tendered a tax payment on
the basis of 50 percent by the defend
ands demanded payment on a full ren
dition basis. The petition is based on
the action Mf the board of equalization,
which fixed the basis of the rendition
for personal property at 5 (percent.
SOCIALISTS MAKE CHANGE
Are Novr Arrayed Against "Capitalist
Class" Instead "of .".gainst the
Chicago. Iil., May 20. An important
change was made in the constitution of
the Socialist party in its congress to
day when the phrase in the pledge of
the party was changed from --a political
party distinct and opposed to all par
ties formed by the propertied classes,"
to read, "By the capitalist class." A
heated debate preceded the change.
According to delegates who favored
the change, it was felt that the words
"propertied classes" would be consid
ered to include farmers. The sentiment
of the party at present is said to favor
the admission of farmers.
A committee was appointed to -consider
"the farmer question," and report
to the convention in 1912.
Y. W. C. A, CORNERSTONE TO
BE LAID ON SUNDAY
The cornerstone of the Y. W. C. A.
boarding home will be laid Sunday aft
ernoon at 6 oclock. Several prominent
men and women of thecityn ill take part
in the program and the band will play.
The public is invited.
Testimony Develops That
Ballinger Is After Head of
HEARING- IN THE
Washington, D. C, May 20. The de
fence in the Ballinger-Plnchot Investi
gation rested this morning without call
ing any further witnesses. Attorney
Brandeis at once began an examination
of witnesses in rebuttal and this was
ended at 12:10.
The arguments will be given next
Friday and Saturday. Five hours will
be given each side and within 15 days
following, each side will file a writ
Detectives at "Work.
In cross examination of Dennett, yes
terday, the fact was brought out that
the Interior department had ordered two
of its special agents on "detective
work" in an effort to conect forest ser
vice officials with the prepartlon of the
Glavls affidavit and to trace the mo
tives of other critics of the depart
ment. A conversation that Perkins, engineer
in charge of the Chicago office of the
examination, claimed to have had In
Chicago on October 29 last with F. H.
Newell, director of the reclamation ser
vice, whom, it has been alleged, secre- ,
tary Balinger intended to supplant
with R. H. Thompson, of Seattle, was
the most Interesting feature of Perkin'a
testimony. Perkins detailed it as fol
lows: "You should not v try to vindicate
Sallinger in the black tent matter,"
Newell said. "I want to make Ballin
ger the goat."
"You can't do it," Perkins replied.
"he's too big a man."
"Never mind," Newell replied.
going to do it anyhow."
Perkins told of attending at the re
quest of Gifford Pinchot, a conference
at the home of former secretary Gar
field, West Mentor, Ohio, on July
18, He said that Pinchot, Gar
field and Thomas R. Shlpp, of the con
servation society were present at the
conference, the purpose of which was to
insure the retention of Newell in office
Perkins said he had promised to work
for Newell and had done so to the ex
tent of Inducing a number of railroad
officials to write Ballinger In Newell's
The evident purpose of the "defence"
was to show through the testimony of
Perkins and these documents that the
conspiracy -which the "defence" charges
existed against Ballinger, had its begin
ning at the home of Garfield, and that
Pinchot came to Washington to try to
induce Newell and other subordinates
of Ballinger to particlpate.
"Would Recommend Incompetent.
Senator Purcell asked Perkins If he
5 regarded Newell as competent. He re
plied that Newell had "done satisfac
tory work," but he did not believe him
the fittest man available. f
"Would you recommend a man if he
was not competent?" senator Purcell
"I think I would if he were a friend
of mine," the witness replied.
Everybody laughed and Mr. Perkins
was embarrassed by the way his reply
Perkins contradicted much of the
testimony of director Newell and chief
engineer A. P. Davis, of the reclama
tion service, as to the "black tent" lec
tures. He said he himself had Initiated
th-faea of giving stemopticon lectures
throughout the middle west to encour
age people to settle on reclaimed land.
Lectured for Railroads.
He said that all the western trunk
line railroads, excepting the Great
Northern, had contributed to the fund
for carrying on these lectures and that
president Hill, of the Great Northern,
had complained that his road was dis
criminated again.st in these lectures.
Denying the charge made by Newell
and Davis that he had received with
out authority from his superiors, $500
a month for four months from the Har
riman interests for delivering private
lectures about reclamation work, in the
vicinity of Chicago, Perkins said both
secretary Garfield and director Newell
knew he was being paid for these lec-
1 tures and that he delivered them in his
Perkins said he had a contract to
make six lectures a month at $50 each
for a period of eight months. He said
he had delivered several when the mat
ter was brought to secretary Ballln
gcr's attention by Davis.
ATION IrAW IS VALID
St. Paul. Minn.. May 20. The state
supreme court today declared valid the
state law forbiddine: discrimination in
charges of commodities sold throughout
The decision came on an appeal from
the Ramsey county court In sustaining
a demurrer of tlie '"Standard Oil com
pany to a complaint of the state of
Minnesota, in which it was charged that
the company charged discriminating
prices where it had no competition. Tho '
case will now be tried on the facts and
an Injunction asked for.
AXOTHER BRIBER OF
Pittsburg, Pa.. May 20. Dr. F.
C. Blessing, president of the
common council, -was todav
found guilty of conspiracy to
bribe in connection with the re
cent graft exposures.
The juy recommended "ex
- $. 4 $ -f -S- -" v
1 LA TEST POR
Many People Injured in the
Neighborhood of Houston
But Only One Death.
DAMAGE IN THE
4 STORM DAMAGE A
4. IN SOUTH TEXAS.
j Beaumont, Tex., May 20.
Ji Rain and a wind, storm last
4 night wrecked the large mill of
J Thompson and Ford at Gray- 4,
4- burg, 10 derricks at Spindletop 4
$ and the church at Amelia. $
f. The tops of brick buildings 4
j were damaged and the telephone
4 and light service put out of . f
4 commission in Beaumont. 4.
Houston, Tex., May 20. Windstorms
of cyclonic proportions wrought havoc
over a large part of south Texas late
yesterday "but so far only one fatality
Ib reported, although advices are com
ing in slowly on account of crippled
A large - aiumber of dwellings and
After nil, lh' only ole, .reliable, safe
an' sane sport i croquet. Ther never
kin be any real happiness where there's
ME vt I
TRAITS OF KING
GEORGE AND QUEEN MARY
LAND IN BLUEFIELDS
Blueflelds, Nicaragua, May 20. The United State gunboats Psdncah and
Dubuque have landed 150 blue jackets hero to protect American interests In
Blueflelds and to prevent fighting within the town limits. The American, force
is prepared for any emergency, having taken ashore several field guns and
rapid flrers, but trouble i no longer feared.
The steamer Venus, transformed into r. warship by president Madriz,
which sailed into the harbor with the announced purpose of bombarding: the
place, has disappeared.
Capt. Gilmer of the United States battleship Psducnh has reported the fact
to the state department at Washington.
WEST TEXAS MAYBE
New Orleans, La., May 20. Thnt earthquakes are likely to occur affect
ing -western Texas following the dlscoiery of sun spots is the prediction to
day of Lieut. John Soley, the federal hydrographer'j, bureau chief, who says:
"We will have violent earthquakes, terrible electrical disturbances and au
roras north and south. The seismic disturbance will most likely occur In the
territory between west Texas and Mexico, West Indies, Tunis, Algiers, Syria,
Caucasus and central Aula, which are oa a very weak portion of the earth.'
crust. The release of hydrogen gas cause sun spots and earthquakes. The
radio activity of the sun is the connecting link between sun and earth."
barns were wrecked in this seccion, but
the greatest damage is reported In the
oil fields. Fifteen derricks were de
stroyed, at Souc Lake and ten at
Swindle Top. Fifteen small dwellings
were also wrecked at Sour Lake.
The residence and outbuildings on
the farm of T. C. Smith, seven miles
north of Houston, were reduced to
kindling wood by the twister but the
.occupants fled before the house was
struck. The path of the storm here
was only 100 yards wide but It made 'a
The home and barn of P. Comer at
Westheimer, a dairy and many other
farm houses were blown over.
In the city the light, power and tele
phone companies suffered most.
At Kingsvllle, the home of H. S. Pat
ten was wrecked and Miss Lillian Meek
At Middleton the llyearold son of
.1. L. Mouse was killed and three other
sons were injured.
At 'Sealy the home of Charles Phillips
was completely destroyed. Mr. and Mrs.
Philips and child were seriously in
PRESBYTERIANS FAIL TOi
TAKE STA.VD OX yDIA'ORCE
Atlantic' City, IC J.." May 20. Elder
Charles H. Thompson, of Minneapolis,
treasurer of the National Presbyterian
Brotherhood. was tooay named vice
moderator of the general assembly. The
question of the attitude of the Pres
byterian church on marriage and di
vorces was (formally turned over to
the federal council of churches. The
discussion of the question was halted
by the officials, -who stated the belief
that the entire matter of divorce should
be taken out of the assembly discus
sion. 'COTTON' KING' ESCAPES
FROM TRIAL FOR OFFENSE
Washington, TX C. May 20. Theodore
H. P. Price, of New York, the "cotton
king." indicted here in connection with
the cotton leak scandal of 190S, cannot
be prosecuted in the District of Co-
J lumbia. according to a ruling of the
Price's plea that the government em
ploye was a member of the grand jury
which indicted him was sustained.
Price faces aLsimil.ir charge in New
York and he nr.ij have to stand trial
& LOOK FOR THE COMET A
THIS EVENING. 4
i Carnegie Observatory. Cal.,
-5- May 20. Virtually all the tail of 4.
5 Haliey's comet has passed into 4
fr the evening sky. What little re- 4"
$ mained 'above the eastern horizon
fr this morning will have disap-
4 peared in the next 24 hours. If
the" atmosphere is clear this 4
4 evening the head of thf m-mot J.
will be easily vislbleto the naked
$ eye soon after sundown
5 ! ! 4" 4f f 44 4'
BRYAN TALKS TO THE
MQHONK PEACE CONFERENCE
LaTte Mohonk, N. Y., May 20 William
J. Bryan arrived here today and pre
sented his ideas on peace methods to
the" conference of international arbitra
tion. , "Our nation is in a better posi
tion than any other to test tne power of
example in leading other nations to
paths of peace." lie said.
Th'e conference adopted resolutions
sympathetic with the proposed Church
World's Peace League and providing
for a committee to cooperate in the cele
bration of a century of peace with Can
ada in 1914.
WORK ON DAM IS
TO BEGIN SHORTLY
The reclamation service has been turtructed from Washington to prepare
to go to work on the Elephant Butte operations as soon as possession enn be
had of the land through which the railroad will pass.
This means that as soon n.s the Socorro court approves the finding of the
Socorro commission and thc ?200,0OO is deposited, the land will be available
and the dirt will bedn to fly on the firM unit of the project, with the build
ing of the railroad to the dam site.
Cement, reinforcing, and machinery and toolji will then be rushed to the
site of the big dam and the conquest of the Rio Grande will begin. Coaslder
nhlo machinery will be brought here from the Roosevelt dam in Arizona.
R. F. Surges has been instructed by the Wat Users nooefaticn to get
Into communication with the district judge at SocOrro and get action on the
findings of thc commissions at once.
El Paso, Texas,
May 20, 1910 --- 12 Pages
Many Persons Are Injured
in Clashes With Military
as Procession Moves.
Ceremony at the Church
Simple and Quiet Nine
Monarchs in Procession.
London, England, May 20. Seeaes at
tending the funeral of fcLag Edward Til
were almost those of a riet. It was all
the troops cesld do to keej tie vray
clear for the nroceflslOB.
It is doubtful if so saany people -were
ever before in London. In tho Mall, St.
James street and Hyde Parle the thxens
almost overwhelmed the procession. Tne
police and soldiers had to fight to pre
vent the lines being swept avray by the
There were many broken limbs, aad
Hundreds of persons faiated, especial
ly women, who had been standing for
hours before the procession parsed.
A KINGLY FUNERAL INDEED.
The body of king Edward VII was
earried through the streets In the pres
ence of many hundred thousand sub
jects and with the kings of nine Euro
pean nations, several future rulers,
members of all the royal families of ths
world and a former president of th?
United States following the casket from
Westminster Hall 3 Paddington station.
The cortege moved through n solid
double line of red coated soldiery, staad
ing with rifles reversed and the regi
mental colors dipped to the ground..
At the railway station the casket wa
placed in the funeral car and taken U
Windsor, where, after the Church of
England service had been conducted by
the archbishop of Canterbury In f.
George's chapel, It was entombed in Al
bert Memorial chapel adjoining.
A GREAT SPECTACLE.
No such spectacle has been witnessed
in London since queen Victoria's jubi
lee. The parade included many of the
greast men of the kingdom, with
representatives of all arms of the ser
ice and delegations from the most
famous regiments of the easplre and
representative groups of foreign arnalra
Behind the casket on which rested
the imperial symbols, followed the late
king's charger, while his favorite ter
rier was led by a Highland soldier- JHSt
before the imperial ensign.
King George, emperor William and
several other members of royalty, -wore
the uniforms of British generals.
ROOSEVELT ATTRACTS ATTENTION.
No personage in the parade attracted
more attention than Theodore Roosevelt,
whose civilian clothes contrasted cnxi
ously with the gilded state coaek with
its white wigged and silk stockinged
flunkeys, within which he rode. Repre
sentatives of the two great repnMles
the United States and France were
given position at the rear of all royal
ties and the princes of the pettiest of
European states and their carriages
were last in the Una of representatives
of the foreign governments.
The services at St. George's chapel
were deeply Impressive. As the minute
guns boomed and the hells tailed, the
casket, borne on the shoulders of
Grenedicr guards, was placed on a par
pie catafalque before the altar, which
was fairlj buried in floral pieces. The
lord chamberlain and lord steward took
their positions at the right of the cata
falque. King George as the chief mourner
stood at the head of the casket. There
was a moment of profound silence, then
the archbishop of Canterbury and xhe
bishop of Winchester advanced to fhe
casket. The choir chanted "Man that
is born of woman," and the congrega
tion recited the Lord's prayer, the low
rumble of many voices being accom
panied by Gounod's music. The service
o" th Church of England was followed
BOO REM USS IV riUPEL.
The archbishop of Canterbury then
pronounced a solemn benediction, after
which, with the bishop of Winchester,
he knelt before the altar in silent
prayer. As the clergy arose, the hnt'i
was broken and the procession w5
(Continued on Page Six.)