Newspaper Page Text
Monday, May 23, 1910.
Established April, 1881. The El Paso Herald includes also, by absorption and
succession. The Daily News, The Telegraph. The Telegram, The Tribune
The Graphic, The Sun, The Advertiser, The Independent,
The Journal, The Republican. The Bulletin.
MEMBER. ASSOCIATED PRESS AND A3IER. XEW5P. PUBLISHERS' ASSOC.
Entered at the El Paso Postoffice for Transmission at Second Class Bates.
Dedicated to the servlc-e of the people, that no good cause shall lack a cham
pion, and that evil shall nut thrive unopposed.
Business Office ........
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Bally Herald, per month. 60c; per year, $7. Weekly Herafld, per year. 2.
The Daily Herald Is delivered by carriers In El Paso. East El Paso, Fort
Bliss and Towne. Texae. and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, at 60 cents a month.
A subscriber desiring the address on his paper changed will please state
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Subscribers falling to set The Herald promptly should call at the office or
telephone No. 115 before 6:30 9. m. All complaints will receive prompt attention.
The Herald bases
all advertl sing
contracts on a
more than twice
the circulation of
any other El
New Mexico or
west Texas pa
er. Daily average
The Association of American
w i4wflfilr k examined and certified to -
r the circulation of this publication. The detail '
report of such examination
W- W.-V- &. tli-
other figures of circulation
Peanut Politics In Texas
IT IS not so much a choice of policies as a choice of men that Texas must
decide in the gubernatorial election. All the men seem to stand on about the
same platform, out the people should be careful in selecting to pick the man
who will come nearest to carrying out what bis platform says he. stands for.
Texas has bad a good deal of experience with governors in the past who,
while running on some very pretty platforms, stood upon something entirely dif
ferent when they got into office. Texas wants a governor who will be sane and
safe- a governor who will act for the best interests of the state and let the
grandstand alone, but Texas, like most other states, is likely to be disappointed
In this respect. . .
There is too much hysterical "trust busting" talk, accompanied by a minimum
amount rf result, and too fittfe use of hard, common sense in the handling of
state affairs in Texas. Texas needs no new laws; she has enough and to spare
but Texas needs some of her present laws sponged from the legal blackboard, so
that capital instead of being driven away, will come into the state and do business.
We are not buying oil a bit cheaper since all that big display in prosecuting
the Waters-Pierce; lumber is higher than when the action against the "lumber
trust" was taken, and who will say the state is in better condition than beiore
the life insurance companies were driven out by a law with which they could not
These were all political grandstand plays and did not help the state.
A proper curbing of combinations of capital is well, but persecution and
demagoguery are the same anywhere and no state benefits by them. Let Texas
elect sane business men to the state offices and the legislature, get Some insane
legislation off the statute books and Texas will develop.
Texas' is a great state with greater natural resources than any other state
m the union, but peanut politicsicts as a brake upon the progress of the com
conwealth and will continue to do so until the business men control.
As long as Americans want cheap labor, the Chinese will smuggle in.
Many people seem to think Taft has already carried out the Roosevelt policies
to the garbage heap.
Paint your fence and put down a cement sidewalk. Help make the city beau
tiful for the summer.
The idea of asking Bryan to name the "best Democratic candidate for president!
Mr. Bryan is too modest.
If the comet lost its tail getting around the world, it is fast developing an
other. Watch for it tonight. It is getting plainer.
The deficit in the school funds is there all right, just as The Herald said it
was, but the people elected to office the men who stood for what the old board
had been doing right along, and probably the deficit will continue to grow. The
people have only themselves to blame.
Alfalfa Biscuits the Latest
ALFALFA biscuits are tne latest coeiuquubu to ucwcs mc wol i"&.
They have "been tried hy a few and have proved a success, hut have
not as yet come mto general use. Those tried were not hiscuits made solely
from alfalfa, hut partially from alfalfa meal and partially from wheat flour,
and the experiment was very gratifying.
If the experiment proves a popular one, there are great possibilities for El
Pasoans to reduce the cost of their bread supply. We have alfalfa here in plenty
and as fine as any in the world. Just how good- an alfalfa biscuit for breakfast
will be, only the elect few who have tried them can say, but a waiting world,
tired of the increasing prices of almost all commodities, will welcome a successful
culminatfon of the present experiments. Alfalfa flour on the bill of fare may make
it sound like a livery stable menu for a time, but what's the difference if it is
nutritive and has the proper taste?
An exchange, chronicling the latest discovery, says:
Out in Nebraska they are eating alfalfa biscuit. The dry alfalfa leaves are
ground, and mixed with -meal and flour. The grass is cut early in June when it is
in full bloom. It is cured in the sun. and, if possible, without being wet by rain.
When thoroughly dry the leaves are stripped from the stalks, and. these leaves,
mixed with wheat ata ratio of one-third alfailfa and two-thirds wheat, are ground
into a coarse meal. This meal is used for cakes as well as for a breakfast foo.
That desired for bread and pastiyis ground still finer and bolted, and when placed
upon the market can be sold for about SO cents asack of 50 pounds, whereas a
eood rade of wheat flour will retail at $1.50 to $1.78 a sack of the same weight.
You can hear El Paso grow and see
We no longer have sectional differences in this country, so we have been sup
plied with sectional cabinets and sectional book cases.
Marathon is not stretching the truth a bit when it claims to be a manufac
turing center, even though it is a rubber factory they have there.
A 10 story structure and a 12 story building in progress at the same time in
the business section of the city is not a bad showing, is it?
America has greater natural scenery than any that Europe can offer, yet the
iush to the ether side of the water is reported as the greatest in history. The
Americans seem to be going European crazy.
That was mean of the Norwegians to grant the privilege of voting to women
"over 25 years of age," ust as if any woman would come up and admit such an
age merely for the privilege of casting a ballot.
With El Paso as the center of the connecting link, there will soon be a trans
continental long distance telephone line in operation from Hew York to San Fran
cisco. The Tri-State company, with its headquarters here, is closing up the gap
by reaching out east and west Dallas on the east and California on the west
will form the final connection.
to subscribe for
The Herald should
beware of impos
ters and should
not pay money to
anyone unless he
can show that he
is legally author-
1 on nie itne
OW the long, long day is fading, and the hush of dusk is. here, and the stars
begin parading, each one in its distant sphere; and the city's strident voices
(Win.llo in n onf.lft hum. and the heart of man .rejoices that the hour ol
Test has come. Thrown away is , labor's fetter, when the day has reached its close;
nothing in the world is better than a weary mans reose. Nothing in
the world is sweeter than the sleep the toiler finds, while the ravening
moskeeter fusses at the window blinds. Nothing neatii
the moon can wake him, short of cannon cracker's roar;
MAW'S SLEEP 1
crouches, driving from their eyes the sleep. And the
wearv hours thev number, and they cry, in tones distraught: "For a little wad
of slumber, I would give a house and lot!" When the long, long day is dying,
and vou -watch the twinkling stars, knowing that you'll soon be lying, sleeping
like a train of cars, be, then, thankful, without measure; be as thankful as you
can; you have nailed as great a treasure as the gods have given man!
Copyright. J9i0. by George Matthews Adams.
(From The Herald
Council Instructs City
In session last night the city council er of the Christian Endeavor society,
Instructed 'the assessor and collector preached the sermon at the gospel tent
to seize property far unpaid taxes. A last night.
claim made by judge Crosby for land The river is running so low that It
taken by the city along the levee was : will be dry in a week.
referred to the finance committee. The Mexican mission school is hold-
Kev. L. R. Millican has returned i ing a picnic at Rand's grove today.
from his Tennessee trip. N The Ministers' association has col-
There will be a meeting of prominent lected three boxes of clothing and S1UU
Juarez citizens tomorrow for the pur- in cash, which have been forwarded to
pose of discussing the new system of ' the sufferers at Sherman. Tex.
taxation, which goes into effect June 1. j Capt. Geo. Ruhlen, of the quarter
President Payne, of the Cycle Track i master's department, will report at Fort
association, savs that nlans are beinsr ! Rilev. Kan., next 'week. His successor
made for the best track meet ever held !
in El Paso next July 4.
Miss Myra Newman was tendered a
surprise party by a number of her
The mercury touched the high wa
ter mark today when it went up to 100
In the shade.
The ditch has broken loose again
near Barnum's on Stanton street and
is flooding that section.
Rev. D. R. Clark, of Portland, found-
Question of Shipments in
Alabama Brought Before
Interstate Commerce Com
mission. Washington, D. C, May 23. Regula
tion of railroad freight rates ordinarily
is a complicated question, involving in
tricate matters of law; but it bwoms
i-ven a more serious problem when two
regulating authorities clash on a propo
sition of the reasonableness of rates.
Thoughtful observers of freight rate
regulation -have anticipated ihan. .sooner
or later, a conflict of authoriiv would:
arise between the interstate commerce
commission and one or more of the.,
state railroad commissions concerning
the fixing of rales.
Precisely such a conflict has devel
oped over a comparatively insignificant
case that recently was brought before
the Interstate commerce commlsi. n. It
was that of E. E. Saunders & Co.. of
Pensacola, Fla., against the Southern
Express company- The complainants
are fish dealers and shippers at Ptnsa
cola. In the ordinary course cf tlieir
business, they operate largely in ;he
state of Alabama, shipping fish in
quantities from Pensacola to points of
destination in that state by express.
The Troublesome Rate.
Recently, the railroad commission of
Alabama fixed an express rate on fish
from Mobile, Ala,, to other intrastate
points that was far below the express
rate from Pensacola 0 the same points
of .destination. This rate the express
company was forced to put in effect, al
though it protested against I".. Mobile
fish shippers, by reason of th's rate,
were given an advantage over th. fish
shippers of Pensacola to points within
Alabama, although in many instances
the "distance from Pensacola to points
of destination was less than from Mo
bile. The Southern Express, company re
fused to make the sau.e rates from Pen
sacola to points in Alabama, as it wis
required to make from Mobile, its re
fusal resulting in a complaint filed
against it with the interstate commerce
Commission Gives Opinion.
The commission's opinion in the case
was handed down today. It was pre
pared by commissioner Harlan anu Is
the unanimous judgment of the commis
sion. It indicates clearly the lines or
conflict between the national commis
sion and the various state commissions,
in the regulation of freight and express
rates; and, in that sense, is one of tho
most lnuc-'-:ni decisions tendered "w
the commission for many months.
While the case directly involved may
be considered as inconsequential, com
paratively, the principle enunciated by
the commission is of countrywide ap
plication, as It opens at once the ques
tion whether the- national or the state
regulating authority Is to be paramount
in the fixing of freight rates. -
The commission states its position in
"Upon general principles of comity
the action of a state commission in
fixing rates on state traffic must hz
treated with all due respect, but this
commission has never felt itself bo and
to accept a state made rate as a neces
sary measure of an interstate rate.
Without criticising the state commis
sion rates from Mobile, this commis
sion. In the light of the record and its
own investigations, finds itself unable
to accept the Alabama rates as a fair
and reasonable basis for fixing the de
fendant's rates to the same points from
An Iuiquitmis Action.
The swjation and the t.si:mony are
fiisoiissft.T rnoroucrhlv 5n the "pinioa. Tn
announcing that it would not close the
record in .the case until the defendant
had maCfe further efforts to contest policy, are questions that must ulti
the order of the Alabama, 'commission, i mately be determined by the legislative
the interstate commerce commission power and therefore can not profitably
?ays: be discussed by the commission in this
"The carriage of traffic by a com- I proceeding."
if vou'd rouse him you must shake mm till you aump
him on the floor. Idle people seek tnieir couches, seek
4uI,. -KnAc nc nnS -n'fvvn fnr i demon On them
of tim date, 1896)
Property For Taxes
at Fort Bliss has not yet been named.
The El Paso baseball team and the
team from the fort will play tomor
row afternoon at Sportsman's park.
- A bicycle scorcher collided with a
horse last night on the north side and
was knocked unconscious.
The high school cadets held an in
teresting, drill on the plaza this morn
ing; a drum corps furnishing the music.
Metal market Silver, GSc; lead,
S2.97; copper, 10c: Mexican pesos, 53c
mon carrier for one .community or one
set of shippers at less than it carries
the same traffic for a like di-stau-e.
and under substantially similir trans-
portation conditions, for another com
munity or another set of shippers Is
not only In contravention of funoa
mental right and justice, but is essen
tially iniquitous. If such a discrimina
tion is practiced by a common carrier.
as between communities or different
sets of shippers, within the same state
and on traffic moving only within the
state redress may usually be had under
the state laws. On the other hand, if
an interstate carrier is guilty of such
a discrimination with respect to inter
state traffic, redress may be had under
the act to regulate commerce.
Question of Existence of Lair.
"But when av carrier, as in this case,
serves two communities similarly sit
uated, by hauling the same traffic under
similar conditions from a point of or
igin to destinations in the same state
and also to the same destinations from
an interstate point of origin, it Is not
altogether clear that existing legisla
tion affords redress against a uls-rim-lnation,
as between the two pointsT
when resulting from an order by Uie
state commission. But unless some
such power is lodged somewhere under
appropriate legislation, it is evident that
state made rates, if established in pur
suance of a narrow or selfish local pol
icy, may not only hinder and harm,
and burden interstate traffic and inter
state interests, but may, if adjusted J
with that end in view, take from a point
in another state a business that nat
urally belongs to that point or In which
it is entitled at least to participate, on
the basis of equal rates and equal op
portunity. Injury to Peusactfla.
"Whatever may be thp explanation,
whether it rests In the greater zeal,
activity, and ability of the fishingin
terests at Pensacola or whether it is a
natural advantage belonging to that
port, the fact appears that for years
Pensacola has enjoyed a larger business
in the distribution of fish throughout
the state of Alabama than-has Mobile.
By a readjustment of the state rates out
of Mobile, whether so intended or not,
the process of taking from Pensacola,
through lower state made transporta
tion charges, what its superior zeal or
its greater natural advantages have
given to it has commenced and is now
"On principle it is clear that a car
rier operating through two or more
states is but one vehicle of commerce,
and all traffic moved by it, whether
state or interstate, ought, when the gen
eral transportation conditions are the
same, to bear its just proportion of the
cost of operation and ought to yield no
more and no less than Its just propor
tion of the revenue of the carriers.
"Any other theory is fundamentally
inequitable, illogical, and unreasonaoie.
It may be, but on that point wa express
no opinion, that the congress may con
stitutionally protect interstate com
merce, as well as the carriers that are
engaged In interstate transportation, by
requiring that any state traffic moved
by such a carrier shall bear its just
proportion of the cost of operation and
yield its proper proportion of profit to
the carrier; and that with such an end
In view it may authorize this commis
sion to fix minimum rates, at least, for
state traffic when moved by carriers
engaged also in interstate transporta
tion; or that it may provide that no car
rier engaged in the interstate transpor
tation of passengers or property may at
the same time carry state traffic at
rates that are less than the rates ex
acted by it for interstate carriage of
like distance and under like transporta
tion conditions. It has, however, not
attempted any such legislation, and
whether such an enactment would stand
the test of scrutiny by the courts under
the constitution as it now stands, and
If so, whether it would
from the standpoint of a
Railroad Fuel Proposition
Interests Many Large Systems
ASSOCIATION MEETS TO CONSIDER PLANS-
The International Railway Fuel asso
ciation, which meets In Chicago today,
is composed of practical experts who
are seeking to solve the problem pre.
sented by the rising price of coal and
the increased demands upon the carry
ing facilities of the railroad. The 60,
000 railway locomotive engines of the
United States use one-fourth of all the
coal mined in the country each year, a
consumption of 100,000,000 tons. The
price of coal is rising, and last year
the railroads paid an average of two
dollars a ton for all the fuel they usei
The Importance of economy in the
matter of fuel supply may be illus
trated by the fact that the total expense
amounts essentially to a tax of onn
cent per, day for each man, -woman
and child in the United States. The rail
road must assess the charges for fuel
upon traffic, and every person who uses
anything which has paid treight con-
I tributes his share toward paying thi
enormous coai oiii.
Locomotive Wastes Coal.
It is recognized by the experts that
the locomotive engine, on account of
its physical restrictions, always must
use more fuel in proportion to the power
jrenerated than stationary ensrines. At
( the sarafi time it is Te-M'rnl-r.eA that n
large part of the coal now used in
wasted, not only In the process of burn
ing, but in the preliminary processes
of storing and handling. Government
experts, basing their conclusions upor
a long series of practical tests of loco
motive engines engaged in actual rail
way service, declare that 20 percent of
the total fuel supplied to locomotives
performs no function in moving trains
It is lost in the incidental leaks oc
casioned bj- starting fires, maintenance
of steam pressure while the locomotive
is standing still, the fire remaining in
the firebox at the end of the run, etc
It is probable that a large par$ of this
character of waste cannot be saved so
long as the fuel is used to generate di
rect steam power in locomotive engines.
Only the electrification of the railways
would savethis loss.
Loss at Mine Is Large.
But the more serious and practical
loss in fuel is occasioned by the man
ner of loading it at the mine, trans
ferring to storage, and loading it into
locomotive tenders. It is said on the
authority of expert engineers that the
average cost of loading fuel on loco
motives is ten cents per ton. On the
same high authority, backed by the re
sult of actual experiments, it has been
proved possible by the use of modern
methods and machinery to reduce this
cost to two cents a ton. If this re
duction could be applied to allthe rail
roads It would represent an annual sav
ing of $8,000,000.
The railroads, especially those " sys
tems which endeavor to apply the best
modern thought to their problems of
practical economy, are engaged in in
stalling new systems of fuel supply.
It has been demonstrated that a vast
money saving can be made by organiz
ing the fuel department of a railway
system under a responsible head, pro
vided with an efficient staff of inspec
tors and backed by an accurate system
of accounts. The association at Chi
cago will hear reports of such system,
those actually in operation, such as that
of the Santa Fe system, and others pro
posed by experts.
Country Interested In Conservation.
While it is manifestly to the interest
of the railroads to save money by de
creasing their coal bill, it is aiso mani
festly to the interest of the whole peo
ple of the country that the coal itseif
shall be saved. Every pound of coal
saved by a system of economy which
does not curtail the power generated, is
that much energy conserved for the use
of future generations. On account of
this feature all of the agencies of the
government interested in the work of
conservation of natural resources are
assisting the railway engineers to solve
the fuel supply problems.
Practically every dpvice invented for
the improvement of locomotives bases
its claim for recognition and consid
eiation upon its direct or indirect abil
ity to save fuel. Everyon-; recognises
that a small saving 1:1 the fuel supply
of one locomotive amount:; in t'ie aggit
gate to an enormous sum. When any
device can show that it will save a tun
of coal a day it has made Its best argu
ment for recognition by the practical
railway man. It is to this end that all
of the compounding systems and steam
super-heating devices are being in
stalled. Railways Should Assist.
While the inventors have done much,
and will do more, in saving fuel after it'
has reached the engine, it remains for
the railroads to devise more adequate
systems of saving coal between the
mine and the tender. Railways usually
LITTLE OKES ABE '
MADE VERY HAPPY
The Annual Social at Elks'
Lodge Attended hy iiany
" Little boys in knickerbockers, little
girls with bare knees, full 300 of them
in all, danced and dined Saturday night
at the Elks' home. It was the third
annual entertainment for children of
the Elks' flock, the sons and daughters
and little nieces and nephews of Daddy
Elks and Uncle Bills, all possiDie
through the generosity and sympathy of
Mrs. B. F. Hammetf.
The affair was notable not only from
a childish but an adult's point of view.
It may be said with truth that the
grownups enjoyed it quite as much as
the little ones, if not more. And the
children's joy was free and unrestrained.
It began with games in the west court,
and a general round up of the kldlets
by the large committees of men and
women of the lodge.
But the dance up in the big lodge
room was the best to look upon by far.
To orchestral music, the children
danced, half . grown boys and girls' who
stepped very properly, and tiny tots
who stumbled through with the awk
wardness of childhood. The fathers and
mothers packed the sides of the room
and children swarmed over the exalted
ruler's seat for a better view.
Then came an open air banquet con
cocted for childish palates, sweets and
ices most prominent of course. Little
stomachs were filled with goody goodies
and little hearts were filled with gour
mand's bliss. And even there it did not
stop. Each child was presented with
a box of candy before going home tp
bed and sweet dreams of music and
dances and funny clocks whose hands
do not move.
BELL PKOXE 116.
Will get you a buyer.
purchase "run-of-mine" coal for loco
motive use, because it is cheaper per
ton and because it helps the mine to dis
pose of a product often otherwise un
marketable. This grade of coal has a high per
centage of slack, and requires a great
deal of handling. Every handling of
the coal results in a breakage or crumb
ling oT from one to eight percent. It
has been proved that the losses of coal
in handling run from as low as twelve
cents to as high as four dollars per
ton handled, owing to distance from the
mine and the type of coal handling ap
pliances. The desirability of obtaining
the type of coal handling device which
will cause the least possible crumbling,
Oil Consumption Large.
Of course, the cost of locomotive fuel
is affected by the distance from the
mine. The average cost of hauling lo
comotive coal is three miles per ton
mil which amounts to three cents
for one ton for, ten miles, or three dol
lars for one ton for one thousand miles.
In this statement is to be found the
reason why vestern railways, far re
moved from coal mines but in easy ac
cess of oil fields, have come to use pe
troleum rather than coal for the pur
poses of locomotive fuel. More than
20,000,000 barrels of crude petroleum is
burned in railway locomotives annually.
The conservation experts are opposed,
as a matter of national economy, to the
use Ml crude petroleum as a power pro
ducing fuel, except on the Pacific Coast,
where transportation charges make the
price of coal so high.
Will Solve Problem.
A concerted effort is now being made
to solve the problems presented in the
locomotive fuel supply question. This
movement, however, is of comparatively
recent origin. But one railroad sy&rem
in the country has installed a uniform
system of accounting for its fuel. On
the Santa Fe system- the fuel is under
the control of a specially organized fuel
department from the time It leaves the
mine until it Is put en the tender.
Tet it Is admitted that even this sys
tem is not yet complete, although it
is more efficient than any other in
the country. But the department showed
In the first year of its operation ,that
it was able to save one hundred times
as much money as it cost to operate. It
is unnecessary to say that it will prove
a popular success.
Association Has Made Record
The International Fuel association,
now meeting in Chicago, is just one
year old, its first meeting having been
held one year ago. It has the record
of being the largest railway organiza
tion of its age ever In existence, and it
has attracted more attention in this
country and in Europe, both from rail
way men and others than any other
railway organization. That it intends
to attack the fuel problem in practical
fashion is evident from the program
of the meeting. Six papers have been
prepared to be read and discussed. Their
L subjects Indicate their practical value.
3Iany Interesting Papers.
The first is entitled "Grade of fuel
most suitable for locomotive use, con
sidering cost of traffic and best inter
ests of producer." This will be dis
cussed by both railway and coal mining
men. The titles of the other papers are:
"Recommended methods of preparing
coal for locomotives;" "Standard uni
form blanks for reporting all items of
cost in connection with fueling stations
and handling fuel, for all types of sta
tions and conditions;" "Accounting for
fuel consumed, and individual records
of performances;" "Methods of purchas
ing fuel with regard both to traffic
conditions and to producers' interests
and relation between producer and rail
ioad;" "Methods of supervision, instmc-
J tion and encouragement in locomotive
operation to secure greater c?iciency in
Cooperation Is LTrs:ed.
As a result of this meeting it is ex
pected that many railways will inaugu
rate systems which will permit of co
operation in fuel economy. Already new
fUe!IllS't?ti0nS re being" -bUiIt' nCTt
coal handling devices are being erected
and a missionary campaign is being car
ried on among locomotive crews In the
interests of saving money and saving
coal. Locomotive crews are being spe
cially trained in the art of practical
economy in firing and locomotive hand
ling, that the greatest amount of power
may be produced by the use of the
least amount of coal. Crews thus spe-
clally trained are sent all over the
country to teach the working crews the
lesson of practical economy. Now that
the minds of tho irreat rniirnn,! mon
have been turned toward the solution
of this problem, great things may be ex
pected In the reports of the third annual
meeting of the International Fuel as
sociation one year hence.
Tomorrow, "Building and Loan
t, ... wtA ........
Fort Bliss. E. S. Newman to Thos.
O'Riley, block 13, Fort Bliss acreage
tract, containing four acres; considera
tion $1; Jan. 22, 1910.
Louisville street, between Kentucky
and Alabama avenues. Highland park.
Charles Wadlington and wife to Mrs.
Frances B. Taylor, lots 7, 8, block 97,
Highland park addition; consideration
10; May 6, 1910.
Manzana street, between Bowie and
Crockett streets, French addition. Be-
. nancia Leahy to Nagley and Kaster, lot
ij, diock a, jerencn addition; considera
tion S150; May IS, 1910.
San Ellzarlo. H. B. Elliott and wife
to A. M. Felknor and Leo. L. Bowden
and J. S. Swann, 201 acres in San Eli
xario grant; consideration $8950; April
30. 1910. -
West Rio Grande street between north
El Paso and Los Angeles streets.
Richard Hitchens and wife to Mrs. S. E.
Wooten, lot 51 and west 15 feet of lot
52, block 7, Sunset Heights addition;
consideration $G500; May 21, 1910.
Licensed to "Wed.
Harrison Page and Guadalupe Olgu'n.
FIREMEX BURN SHACKS.
Saturday the firemen of the central
station changed their roles of fire fight
ers and, pouring a quantity of gasoline
over the old shacks of Jose Lagunas at
the corner of &anta Fe and Seventh
streets, destroyed them. Hose was kept
nearby so that the flames might not
spread. These shacks were ordered de
stroyed by the city council after several
cases of sinaHpox had been taken there
from. POLICE INSPECTED.
Mayor Robinson and the city council
paid a visit to the police station Satur
day evening, where they Inspected the
force as the men reported for duty on
t!ie night shift.
JU PIONEEIt PHILOSOPHY.
Speaking of the vrater question, let's
review It: "What is Home WitaoHt
Comet Becomes Brighter as
Bays of Mo on Are Hid
den by Earth.
On Monday night the moon, our con
stant companion in space and nearest
celestial neighbor, will pass througn
the earth's shadow and be totally
eclipsed, the phenomenon being visible
to North and South America, the At
lantic and Pacific oceans, and in part
to southwest Europe, the western por
tions of Africa and the extreme eastern
part of Australia.
This eclipse will be the second in the
series of four, two of the sun and two
of the moon, announced for the-present
year, and it will afford an Interesting
exhibition well worth observiner should
the sky be favorable; it will also be
i the privilege of observers to view the
imposing spectacle without any optical
assistance whatever, for an eclipse
the moon may be seen just as well by
the naked eye, and a telescope will not
The eclipse wilj be visible from be
ginning to end throughout the United
1 States, the weather permitting, and the
1 moon will remain In the earth's shadow-
for three hours and 86 minutes. The
moon will enter the shadow at S:4S
p. m. and leave It at 2:22 a. nx, the
middle of the eclipse occurring at 10:34
p. m., mountain time, and the total
phase will continue for almost one
hour. As the moon's diameter Is di
vided into 12 equal parts, called
"digits," the magnitude of- the eclipse
will be 13 2-10 digits, so that it will
be a little more than total. The eclipse
beginning when the moon is well ele
vated above the horizon, and at a con
venient hour In the evening. It will
occur under the most favorable condi
tions for observation, and, next to the
appearance of Hailey's comet it will be
the most popular celestial event of the
year. While the moon is in eclipse the
comet can be seen plainer than usual.
Oriffin of "Eclipse.
The term "eclipse" is derived from
the Greek word ekzleipis. which signi
fies to fall, to faint, or swoon away, as
the moon at her "full" and period of
greatest brilliancy, falling Into the
shadow of the earth, "was Imagined by
the ancients to "sicken and swoon, as
I if she were going to die." An eclipse
of the moon is produced by the moon
passing into the earth's shadow, which
can- never occur except at the time of
"full moon," when the moon is in oppo
sition and rises at sunset, the earth
coming between the sun and moon and
casting a dark shadow over the moon's
disk. The earth's shadow being pro
duced by the earth intercepting the
sun's light, and as the sun'is more than
I 1.000.000 times larger. It will be obvious
that this shadow must be conical rn
form. If a small globe or ball be held
in front of a bright light, and its shad
ow be allowed to fall upon the waH or
1 a screen, it will be noticed that around
the dark shadow there will appear a
fainter one. The same is equally true
in regard to the earth and its shadow,
the dark shadow being known, as the
umbra, while the lighter one is termed
penumbra- When the moon, enters the
latter, or outer, shadow, her light, pro-
I duced by reflecting that received from
-V . .
the surj, is only partially obscured, but
if at any time the moon comes within
the former her light is nearly, if not
almost wholly, obscured, and a total
The Airdome will open Tuesday nighi
with Ollie Mack and his company of
comedians and girls. "A Night on
Broadway" will be the opening bill. It
was one the Murray and Mack musical
successes and has been seen here at
BIG BILL AT HAPPY HOUR.
El Paso people will have an oppor
tunity tonight to see the "Jeffries
Johnson" fight pictures. The film is
said to be one of the best fight pictures
ever shown and shows both the men
at their best. Besides these pictures,
which will be shown at the Happy
Hour, the vaudeville bill is declared to
be "entirely different from anything
heretofore shown in El Paso."
Harry Gordon will be seen in com
edy, singing and monolog work. La
Vere and Palmer, known a,s the Co
lonial singers, promise to give a very
entertaining act. Shattcck and LeRoy
will appear in a musical conedy act and
Rowdin and Whitesides will furnish
sinering and dancing.
The fight pictures alone, will no
dcubt. tax the Happy Hour to capacity,
and the vaudeville promises to be the
best of the season at this house. Then
will be two performances tonight and
the usal prices 'will prevail. "Come
early if you expect to get a good seat,"
th management advises.
DR. WORSHAM HAY BECOME
TEXAS'S HEALTH OFFICER
El Paso niay get a state plum in the
event Colquitt is elected overnor, for
aimonjr the wise ones who keep in touch
with state politics it is said that Dr
B. M. Worsharn will be appointed state
health officer. It will not be. necessary
for Dr. Worsham to jro to Austin and he
will probablv make his headquarters in
El Paso if appointed. He is a member of
the El Paso school board.
ASKS FOR DIVORCE.
Rosa Schwartz has filed suit for di
vorce from H. L. Schwartz in tfoe 41st
$6 n sins! runnisn