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title: 'El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, May 30, 1910, Page 6, Image 6',
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EDITORIAL AND MAGAZINE PAGE
Monday, llav 30, 1910.
EL PASO HEUALD
Established April. 1S81. The B Paso Heraid includes aiso. by absorption and
succession, The Dally News, The Telegraph. The Telegram. The Tribune.
The Graphic. The Sun. The Advertiser. Tho Independent,
The Journal. The Republican. The Bulletin.
MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS A?D AM12IU NEWS P. PUBLISHERS' ASSOC.
Entered at the Postoffice in El Paso. Tex., as Second Class matter.
Dedicated to the service of the people, that no good cause shall lack a cham
pion, and that evil shall not thrive unopposed.
Business Office 115
Editorial Rooms 2020
Society Reporter 1019
Advertising- department 116
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Daily Herald, per month, 60c; per year. ST. Weekly Herald, per year, ?2.
The Dally Herald is delivered bv carriers in El Paso. East El Paso, Fort
Bliss and Towne, Texas, and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, at 60 cents a month.
A subscriber desiring the address on his paper changed will please state
in his communication both the old and the new address.
Subscribers failing to get The Herald promptly should call at the office or
telephone No. 115 before 6:30 p. m. All complaints will receive prompt atten
The Herald bases
nil adverti sing
contracts on a
more than twice
the circulation of
. Thcs Association of American 4
r the arcuiation of this
t- . r
L. report cr sucn exaoiszuca is on uic si ui
New York ofsce of the Association. No
other figures d crculafcon guaranteed.
any other El i.
Paso, Arizona, '
New Mexico or j y
west Texas pa- r
per. Dally average
ANSAS CITY has 2500 acres in
has added five miles to her wonderful system of parkway drives. An un
published report from the engineer in charge contains this significant para
graph: "You cannot realize the benefit the city derives from its beautiful parks
and drives second to none in this country. Our visiting population is estimated
at from 100,000 to 200,000 people each week, and the pleasing impression these
people carry away with them to be talked of all over the country brings travelers
to our doors from all over the world, and the indirect cause of all our glory is our
parks backed by a class of citizens who ant thebest of every thing at all times
for Kansas City. They know what the city needs to maintain a class of its own,
and they all work for its interests, and go out and get it, no matter what it costs
in time or money. No city claiming any progress can do without parks. It is
their greatest asset in pleasure, health, and profit, increasing the value of the
property, and insuring a large income to commerce."
Besides the park scheme proposed by Mr. Kern back of the rim of the mesa,
El Paso has three main park projects to consider seriously within the near future.
One is to establish a boulevard along the rim of the mesa from the reservoirs
around the point of Mt. Franklin to Fort Bliss, affording a magnificent view of
the valley ana mesa for hundreds of miles. Another is to secure land adjacent to
the canal through Chihuahuita and make a park of the canal rightofway some two
miles long, planting that strip in grass and trees for the benefit of the 20,000
Mexican population of this city. Such a park would be in easy walking distance of
every dweller in the Mexican section, and it would unquestionably tend to reduce
the terrible death rate among these people. The third is the proposition to extend
the street parking system already inaugurated on Rio Grande street and Magoffin
avenue; the first cost of this is comparatively small and Ee maintenance is not
burdensome en the property owners. With miles and miles of these street parks
we should find a decided change in our summer climate. It would be cooler, the
winds would be broken, and all vegetation would thrive better than now.
None of these plans involves any great expenditure. They will give more
pleasure to more people than wouia a large outlying park at this time.
Two good jobs go by appointment of president Taft to Democrats in Texas.
Tnis does not seem a very good way to encourage the establishing of a strong Re
publican party in the state. Moreover, the Democrats give the president no credit
for such an act, for they ascribe it to mere cunning rolitrlcs instead of to goodwill,
broadmindedness, or a fitting sense of nationality in the executive office.
Meanwhile our valley fanners are losing hundreds of thousands of dollars every
year because they do not organize to take full advantage of this local market.
Prime valley produce goes begging, while El Pasoans are buying California stuff
not nearly as good. We do not need to wait until the dam is completed in order
to get the benefit of our valley farming. A good deal is produced right now on
the 50,000 acres in cultivation, but it is not sold to the best advantage and our
local market does not get the maximum benefit from its location in the midst of a
rich producing section.
San Diego's Panama Exposition
SAN DIEGO, CAL.r had a big meeting the other day to further the plans for
her Panama exposition. San Diego is about the same size as El Paso, but
she is working harder for her bread and butter than we are- One speaker at
the big meeting said that he had lived in San Diego for 26 years and that now for
the first time in history the people were united and pulling together.
It is a big job that San Diego has tackled, but it is obvious that she is going to
put it through with credit to herself and to California. The San Diego exposition
is not going to be a world's fair, but it will be devoted especially to an exposition
of California and southwestern products and the products of the Latin-American
lermblics. San Diego has adopted the very wise policy of not undertaking some
thing she does not feel sure of finishing. The plans will be started on a compara
tively moderate scale and left to develop as time and money warrant.
A careful diagnosis of El Paso's case will indicate that there is nothing the
matter with her, unless it be lack of self assurance. This is the one thing that
outsiders would not suspect ns of, and yet it is a fact that as a city we have sort
of lost our nerve and do not respond to the ordinary stimulus of good naws and
El Paso's fair is still in the air. The amount needed to insure its success is
small, and this city ought not to allow the occasion to pass- All the great valuejpf
the advertising last year will be lost if we skip a year now. El Paso cannot af
ford to fail on this proposition.
Where El Paso Can Heb
SHE best people to seek to interest
basin are those who already have extensive interests in California, Mexico
or the Pecos valley. Already some of the most influential oil operators of
California and Mexico are interested in El Paso in the cement company. It is pos
sible that some of these men could be induced to give financial backing to the ex
ploration of the Alamogordo field.
It is a big and expensive undertaking, and should be thoroughly done. This
city and section are not able to carry the financial burden of adequate exploration
but we can undertake to interest some of the large operators in the field with a
view to thorough development. El Paso's proper mission in this connection is
rather to attract capital and experienced oil men to the field, chan to try to back
the work herself.
Annual losses by fire in the United States equal the total value of all the gold
silver, copper, and petroleum produced in this country. For every dollar spent in
new buildings 50c goes up in smoke. Loss by fire is an absolute loss and insurance
is merely a sharing of the burden.
Automobile drivers in this city seldom go to excess, but the best way to pre
vent offences against the speed law is to enforce the law rigidly at all times. The
fact seems to be generally overlooked that the streets belong to pedestrians and
that horse drawn vehicles and automobiles are allowed to use the streets only by
sufferance. Their first care should be for the safety of pedestrians always.
to subscribe for
The Herald should
beware of impos
ters and should
not pay money to
anyone unless he
can show that he
is legally author
ized by the El
examined and certified to i
publication. The detail j
- ..- - CI. ...L1
&f t ALUJJX
parks, and during the year just passed she
in the oil prospects of the Sacramento
HE hausfrau 'has the shanty snug,
coining hcane: of dust there is
nlfi- rnntTilTiiTif. irlows nnon
x , e-- -t ,
worked all week from him to sun; the haus-lrau s work is
never done but dad is coming home; her hands axe hard
SATURDAY from doing things the bread she bake. the elothes she
EVENING wrings! 'but as she does her work she sings, for dad 13
coming home. She'll see him in a little -while, and he'll
reward her with a smile, for dsid is coming home, and all
her weariness will fly, as evanescent as a sigh, before his loving, gentle eye, for.
dad is coming home. The little kids can hardly .wait! They're out there watching
by the gate, fcr dad is coming home! And he will draw the youngsters near, and
exorcise each childish fear, and tell the yarns they like to hear their dad is com
ing home! These humble liomes where love abides, where Trouble takes its grip
and hides, when dad is coming home! They are this nation's greatest prize; so let
there still be joyous cries, and happy hearts and smiling eyes, when dad is coming
Copyright, 393 0. by George Matthews
(From The Herald of
The city council met last night and Messrs. Buchanan ,and Look were ap
allowed the city pay roll for May, pointed a committee by the hotel corn
amounting to $17Sy.69. Dr. hite re- j mittee la: night to secure an option
turned an inventory of the pesthouse. ! on a hotel site, San Francisco street
1 Aldermnn Stewart recommended the re-
sumption of the old gambling licenses.
Alderman Frank Del Buono recom-
mended that the city sell the reserva-
tion property and use the proceeds for
the construction of a school building,
but on motion of alderman TV. M.
Coldwell, the matter was referred to
the board of education.
George Bovee had a severe fall from
his bicycle at the track this morninr.
bomeone naving loosened the handle
Dars or nis wneei.. : c?t- hv v. Paso.
Pupils of the Sacred Heart school j H. B. Stevens was appointed admin
gave an entertainment 3'esterday. j istrator of the estate of the late Alice
Will Ritchie has sold his San Antonio ! Abbott In the probate court this morn
street chop house and intends to take i ing.
a ionjr vacation.
.. ..c.av pu.uut, tio.iii j.u. j, h cm
'" of com""isjin at Rogers last nigiit
and the train had to be pulled In by
tne yard engine.
Rev. C. J. Oxley was the preacher at
the gospel' ten,' meetings last night.
The price of beer In Juarez has risen
from 5 to 10 cents.
IN THE SAME CLASS?
From Phoenix (Ariz.) Democrat.
The crazt snreads. Th srnvprnnr'nF i
Tennessee has pardoned several mur
derers, and the governor of Minne
sota has even pardoned a poet.
A DECIDED DIFFERENCE.
From Globe (Ariz.) Daily Silver Belt.
New York's race tracks are being
transformed into suburban home dis
tricts. Both promote the race, with a
EI, PASO A WINNER.
From Tucumcari (X. M.) News.
El Paso will have a fair this fall.
$8000 has been raised so far for the
fair. A subscription has been offered
conditionally. Xo doubt the Pass City I
will meet the conditions, as she never
HERALD NOT COMPLAINING.
From Globe (Ariz.) Daily Silver Belt. I
The Prescott Courier was a mighty
good newspaper, but really theie was
not , room in Prescott for two good
newspapers, and the failure of one
was the natural result. In cities the
size of El Paso two newspapers have
a struggle for existence.
REASON FOR NONPASSAGE.
From Douglas (Ariz.) Daily Interna
tional. The passage of the statehood bill
will be the end of the official career
of every Republican now holding a
territorial office. The Democrat are
quite ready for the fray and will
make a clean sweep of the new state.
NOT A NEWSPAPER GRAVEYARD.
From Xogalos (Ariz.) Daily Times.
El Paso has had a rather checkered
experience in the newspaper line. If we
are to judge from the announcement,
which appears at the head of the edit
orial page of The Herald.
"El Paso Herald, established April,
THE little green tents where the soldiers sleep, and the sunbeans play and
the -women weep, are covered iwith flowers today; and between the -tents
walk the weary few who were young and stalwart in 'sixtv-4wof when they
went to &ie war away. The little green tents are built of sod, and
they are not long, and they are not brood, but
the soldiers have lots of room: and the sod is
part of the land they saved, when the flag of the enemy
THE LITTLE darkly waved, the symbol of dele and doom. The little
GREEN TENTS green tent is a thing divine; the little green tent is a
country's shrine, where patriots kneel and pray; and the
brave men left, so old, so few, were young and stalwart
in 'six?ty-two, when they went to the war away.
RENO, NSV.. TO HAVE
$116,000 Y. M. C. A.
C. G. Titus, Formerly of El
paign. C G. Titus, formerly general secre
tary of the El Paso Y. M. C. A., has
just closed a 10 day campaign for the
Reno, Nevada, building, with $116,000
subscribed. Reno is a city of about
15,000 people, and it Is pretty free in
j its way of Hiving, having considerable
gambling and more than a fair share
of vicious institutions. But it also has
a splendid lot of business men and
public sentiment had come to demand
the proper establishing of the Y. M.
C. A. in the community. Mr. Titus had
figured that the city could raise about
$75,000 for site and building.
While the campaign was In progress,
senator Nixon sent word that If Reno
raised $S5.000 for the building he
would donate a $30,000 site, the very
site most coveted by the committee.
This offer gave a great Impetus to the
campaign and the 10 days ended with
more than the required amount
A noteworthy feature of the cam
paign was the warm cooperation ex
tended by Roman Catholics; many of
the strongest workers and largest con-
tributors belong to this denomination.
from kitchen sink to parlor rug, tor dad is
no sign or trace; and everything is in its
her face, for dad is cominsr home- She s
this date, 1896)
being the location chosen.
Engineer Orsono of the boundary
commission leaves tonight for Mexico
J City to confer with his superiors. He
will return to El Paso in two weeks.
Over 50 couples attended the High
school ball at the courthouse last
Mayor Campbell has received a let
ter from A. H. Chambers assuring him
of the appreciation of Sherman resl-
j tlents for the help
iy.cn the stricken
Messrs. Tustin. Millchamp and Feath-,
eriy, oi xne grana army, win go to me
cemeteries this evening at 4:30 to dec-
orate the graves of dead comrades.
Scavanger Xesora states that next
Monday he will start on the annual dog
Metal market: Silver. GS l-4c; lead,
$3; copper, 10 3-Sc; Mexican p&so?, 53c.
1SS1. The El Paso Herald includes
also by absorption and succession, The
Dally Xews, The Telegraph, The Tele
cram, The Tribune, The Graphic, The
Sun, The Advertiser, The Independent,
The Journal, The Republican and The
BARLEY'S SILK TILE.
From Xew York Commercial Advertiser
There is mourning in Texas.
It is to be feared that the Texans
who don't love him will be more firmly
persuaded that senator Bailey is a min
ion of Standard Oil. He appeared this
week under a silk hat, and thus seemed
to confess that "Washington corruption
had fully seized him:
It was in the virtus of a slouch hat,
a frock coat, and a cambric tie that
Bailey came to the capital and set up
the business of defending the consti
tution. He loathed what is called a
dress suit and almost every wearer
of it. He suspected the soundness of
view and the character of those who
weakly yielded to fashion. Step by 3tep
he has departed from his sartorial Ideal.
The wide brim is gone, the cambric tie,
and the spreading coattails. He has
been seen in the evening in waiter's
garb, and " now he has desecrated hs
brow with a shiny stovepipe. Texa
wholly disillusioned, no longer has
hope, and will not be surprised to learn
that he who was once her son anl
proud, to wear her uniform has ac
quired a chapeau that can be shut up
and put under a seat.
Bailey still defends the constitution,
but the old jounce and vigor are de
parted. His sartorial falling away Is
the sign and reflex of inner changes.
How can Texas longer trust a man
who is latitudinarian in habilimeuts
and affronts her most precious prcsjj-
COUSIN OF TAFT
LOSES LAW SUIT
Jury Returns Verdict for
City of El Paso in $5000
Twelve good men and true could not
agree with Mrs. Nellie Taft. a cousin
of president Taft, who alleged that she
had been damaged in the sum of $5000
as a result of the change of grade in
Durango and Sonora streets.
In the 41st district court Monday
morning the jury in her case against
the city of EI Paso returned a verdict
for the defendant, after being out
only 40 minutes.
It was alleged that the change In
the grade of the street had thrown
her residence below the level of the
srteet, but witnesses testified that the
marketable value of the land was the
same after the grading had been done
It is expected that this decision will
be taken as a precedent in other cases
which have been filed against the city
for similar cause.
FOOD INSPECTOR RAIDS
DAIRYMEN .VXD BUTCHERS
San Antonio, Tex., May 30. Eight
butchers and three dairymen are de
fendants to charges filed here this
morning by assistant state food in
spector Hoffman. The hearing Is set
for Wednesday. It is charged that
sausage sold contained an injurious
preservative and that milk was adul
terated with water.
. China Is Torn By Internal
Discord; Anti-Foreign Riots .Frederic
) J. Haskin
1 SOME PAST AND PRESENT HISTORY .
Xo. 1 Trouble in China.
E seriousness of the present
:i ration in China,
recalling the Boxer rebellion of
a decade ago, is attested by the -iact
that the United btates minister in
Pekin has made a formal request
for a naval vessel to be sent up
the Yarig-ste river to protect Ameri
can interests. This, taken together
with the offer of Secretary Knox to
aid the Chinese government, brings the
Chinese situation again into general
The center of the actual disturbances
has been Changsha, the capital of the
province of Hitnan. Anti-foreign riot
ers in Changsha burned the settlements
of the Christian missions, and when
the missionaries took refuge in the
governor's yamen, or palace, the riot
ers also burned that building and
wounded the governor. The trouble
was stopped only when two British
gunboats steamed up the Yang-ste
kiang from Hankow, two hundred
miles below. Hankow and Changsha
are the two great cities of central
China, and they dominate the Yang-tse
Always a Disturbance.
The Chinese empire is so vast in
area and so great in population th?.t
there is always some disturbance
somewhere in China. It would :e as
manifestly unfair to take the Chang
sha riots as a basis for a statement
that there is a general anti-foreign up
rising in China as it would be to say
that the recent street railway strike in
Philadelphia indicated a general condi
tion of anarchy throughout the United
But unfortunately the Changsha riots
do not stand alone. The anti-foreign
feeling in Canton, the metropolis of
south China, has been increasincr stead
ily for two years past and Is now al- ,'
most as intense as it was a decade
ago in the time of the Boxer rebel
lion and the American boycott. The
present anti-foreign agitation in Can
ton began with popular dissatisfaction
caused by the efforis of the Portugese
government to encroach upon Chinese
territory in deliminating the boundar
ies of the Portugese colony of Macao.
This was aggravated greatly when a
Portugese on the British steamship
-batshan kicked a coolie to death.
Consnls Take a Hand.
And now, the latest development,
the consuls of the various nations sta
tioned at Nanking, on the lower Yang
ste, have reported to the diplomatic
corps at Peking that the situation in
that section of China is verv disquiet
ing, and that there is evidence of an
organized anti-dynastic and anti-for-elgn
Taken together, these reports indi
cate that anti-foreign agitators are
mnking themselves felt in every sec
tion of China except the northern prov
inces. It was in these that the Boxer
rebellion reached Its high tide, and
it was in these that the punishment
dealt by the allied troops of the great
powers was severely felt. It is the
hopelessness of resistance rather than
love for the foreierner which Vpphc the
northern Chinese quiet.
The people of the upper Yang-ste
valley have suffered for two years on
acco'unt of a rice famine. They have
been starving, and the political no
tions of a starving Chinaman do not
differ essentialy from the revolution
ary ideas of a starving white man.
It is difficult for the Chinese to under
stand why the viceroys, governors and
other public officials should continue
to gather the taxes, which are paid
in rice, and should continue to hold
vast stores of this tribute rice for
the use of the government when the
people are starvng. The government
ordered the cessation of exports of
rice from the province, but foreign
Influence was sufficients- powerful In
tho interest of trade, to cause several
oSi0"e,mc"ts f this P-ohlbltlon. The
-v Wl it was tnus depleted bv
reason of foreign commercial activ
ity and forehjrn political influence.
The Wily Chinee.
The people have no direct means of
attacking the government, but they
have found by experience that foreign
governments are quick to resent the
destruction of foreign Dronertv. and
j they know that the foreign powers
win joia me government officials to
strict accountability. Therefore, it oc
curs to the Chinese mind that the
quickest way to get rid of an objec
tionable official who is stingv with his
stores of rice, is to destroy foreign
property in that official's jurisdiction.
Hence the burning of missions and the
attacks on the property of foreigners.
Thus far, the riots this year have been
attacks upon property only, and not
Tho danger is, however, that the la
tent nnimosi'v for i I f-r'-.vfnr tiju
awakened by purelj- local conditions
cannot be curbed even by the. leaders
of the movement. It is natural for the
Chinese, when dissatisfied with the
government administration, to give ear
to the arguments of those agitators
who oppose the continuation of the
rule of the Manchu dynasty. It is
equally natural for the Manchus, which
is to say the imperial government, to
attempt to divert an anti-dynastic
movement into an anti-foreign out
break. The Boxer Rebellion.
The great Boxer rebellion began as
an organized movement for the over
throw of the Manchu dynasty. The
late Empress Dowager, as the head of
j the Manchus, cleverly captured the
movement ana cnanged it into an
open war on foreigners in behalf of the
imperial throne. The disastrous results
of the Boxer rebellion, including the
sacking of Peking and the violation
of the Forbidden City, worked a great
change in the attitude of the Chinese
mind toward the Western civilization,
but it did not increase the Chinese re
gard for occidentals.
Since the Bcxer war, hundreds of
Chinese newspapers have been estab
lished in all parts of the empire. The
great majority of these (papers are vi
olently radical and they "afford a vehi
cle for agitation never before available
in China. On account of the wonder
ful growth of the Chinese press, it is
now possible for a political movement
to spread " quickly over the empire.
This Is a new and important element
That the recent anti-foreign riots
have resulted In an anti-dynastic
movement Is proved by the fact that
a huge organization has been effected
in the neighborhood of Nanking. The
members of this organization art wear
ing a distinctive badge, and they make
their anti-Manchu aim public by cut
ting off their queues. The Chinese
queue is the symbol of submission in
flicted upon the Chinese people by
their Manchu conquerors, and to cut
off the queue Is a sign of open and
A fow decades ajro nnti-forfile-n
feeling in CInna was directed against
occidental institutions rather than
Railroads were torn up, telegraph
lines were destroyed, newspapers were
taboo, electricity was under the ban,
and no good Chinese would use any
thing of occidental manufacture. Now
adays, the Chinese government is
building railroads, Chinese merchants
are investing in Chinese companies for
the purpose of railway extension, the
government owns a telegraph system
which is being extended with great
rapidity, newspapers appear in every
town and are served free with press
dispatches sent over the government
wires by government agents, Pekin is
lighted by electricity and the coolie is
smoking American-made cigarets.
Competing: "With the West.
The Chinese have mac up theSr
minds, apparently, to make use of the
material advantages of western civili
sation, for the purpose of competing on
a more nearly equal basis with the
western nations. They have before
them the object lesson of ths striking
success of Japan.
It must not be forgotten that the
present era of enlightenment in Japan
had Its beginning with a small band
of revolutionists who conspired to
overthrow the Shogun because he had
made treaties with the Americans and
other foreigners; and to restore to ac
tual power the Mikado, who would
drive the foreigners out of Japan and
again seal up the ports of the country
against commerce with the despised
barbarians of the outer world.
It was when these young Japanese
revolutionists felt the force of foreign
power at the bombardment of Shimon
oeski that they realized it would be
Impossible to expel the foreigners.
They then decided to learn all that
could be learned of western civiliza
tion, to superimpose that knowledge
upon their own civilization, and boldly
to undertake competition with the
powers of the western world.
Miracle of Politics."
The greatest man among that group
of Japanese revolutionists met his
death at the hands of an assassin in
Korea only a few months ago, known
to all the world as prince Ito, the
mightiest empire builder of the 20th
century. The Shogun who was over
thrown by that revolution now rides
his bicycle about the streets of Tokio
and his son, prince Tokugawa, pres
ident of the Japanese house of peers, a
few weeks ago sat with vice president
Sherman and held the gavel over the
United States senate. This miracle of
politics was accomplished in less than
forty years. And yet the Japanese
does not love the foreigner.
China is in convulsion, the Chinese
are ripe for revolution, they are be
coming progressive, they are adopting
the material things of western civili
zation, and they do not love the for
eigner. If the Chinese government is
not able to cope with the present agi
tation, it may be that the torch which
fired the Wesleyan mission house at
Changsha will kindle the flames of
national patriotism and will make
China a nation indeed and in truth.
All Nations Interested.
All of the principal nations of the
earth have a more or less direct in af
fairs in China, and all of them are con
cerned with the present manifestation
of anti-foreign agitations In the Cele
stial Empire. England owns the Island
of Hongkong, th& entrepot of southern
China, by virtue of the war waged
against the Chinese for the perpetua
tion of the opium traffic.
The British also have a naval station
at We-hal-wei, as well as more or less
Intangible claim to a predominant
sphere of Influence in the Yang-tse val
ley. Germany has a foothold in the
Klaochau peninsula and Is tenacious of
its rights of extra territoriality in the
foreign settlements of Shanghai and
Tientsin. France governs asolutely a
large portion of the Indo-Chinese pen-
! insula and claims
rights In southern China. The French
nation, as the protector of the Chris
tian religion in Asia, also enjoys cer
tain exclusive privileges based on
grants to the church of Rome.
Even Portugal, whose stir of empire
set centuries ago, is an important fac
tor in the present situation in China,
since it is asserting certain territorial
claims with that same arrogant disre
gard for the rights of the inhabitants
of the country which always has been
manifested by European nations
when dealing with Asiatic peoples.
Portugese Paved the Way.
The Portugese were the first Euro
peans to establish commercial relations
with the Asiatic nations by means of
water communication. They were first
to introduce to the Chinese mind the
existence of a western world, and
they served also to make China known
to occidentals- The English language
draws upon the Portugese for such
words as "mandarin." while even
"China" and "Canton" are Portugese
corruptions of the native names. The
Portugese established themselves at
Macao, in the Pearl river not far from
Cantou, about the time that the first
English speaking people on the conti
nent of North America. At that time,
Portugal was the most powerful mari
time nation In the world. All that re
mains of the great Portugese empire
on the eastern coast of (Asia is the tlny
settlement at Macao, which Is noth
ing more or less than an oriental
But more important than British,
German, French or Portugese interests
In China, are those of the empires of
Russia and Japan. While the western
-World Is concerning itself with the so
lution of vexing economic problems
presented by the complexity of what
we are pleased to call modern civiliza
tion, the Russian, half western and half
eastern, andVhe Japanese, half orient
al and half occidental, are yet devoted
to Imperialism pure and simple.
Nothing In the recent history of
mankind compares with the careful and
steady determination of Russia to
make for itself an actual imperial
homo on the eastern shores of Asia.
The slow but sure Russian advance
across the plains of Siberia, the settle
ment of colonists by the hundreds of
thousands on the very borders of north
ern China, the construction of the great
transcontinental Siberian railway, the
attempt to secure the control of Korea,
all have been a part of this national,
but half conscious, program.
But Russia did not count on the rise
of Japan. When the Jappanese real
ized the hopelessness of their ancient
policy of entire isolation, and adopted
the material things of occidental civ
ilization, there was born in them the
imperial instinct. They came to know,
as a people, that their only hope for
success in competition with the great
powers of the world was In their abil
ity to establish- themselves upon the
mainland of Asia. Decadent Korea
was their natural quarry. The Japan
ese statesmen knew that once Russia
was firmly established in the posses
sion of ice free ports in Korea n-
northern China, that the imperial am
Miss Fawn Iippmcut has refused P
deny er confirm th' report o' her engage
ment t' a Vincennes feller. She says,
however, that if he shows up fer th'
weddin' she'll gladly talk fer publica
tion. Tiber's too many folks with grand
opery appetities an' gallery incomes.
bitions of Japan were doomed for
ever. Japan Jealous.
For this reason, Japan waged war on
Russia, and was the victor in the most
tremendous struggle at arms of all
history Ten years before. Japan de
feated China in a war and nad obtained
wieSSi0n f the Liatung peninsula,
-nlth Port Arthur commanding an
northern China. The concert of the
powers forced the Japanese to e
?w tLChIna the tutorial fruits of
that victorious war. Then Russia,,
through diplomacy, obtained Port Ar-
t' l6aSe- The result of the Russo
Japanese war was to take Port Arthur
away from the Russians, give it to the
SouZeSe' f "I t0 make JaPaa the ab
solute master In Korea.
-i. tit the thng" not dic'dea by the
Russo-Japanese war was the fate of
Manchuria. Manchuria, a great empire,
possessed of wonderful agricultural re
sources, remains today the rich stake
Nominally. It is owned by China and is
part or in- Chinese empire. Actus n
is controlled in the north by Russia
and in the south by Japan. The treaty
of Portsmouth, which was the result
ot presicent KoosLeSs efforts U. v
the war between Japan and Russia,
guaranteed in terms the continuance of
the Chinese sovereigntv of vlar.
but left the railroads of the conntrv to
be divided between the belligerent Jan
anse and Russians.
It did not take long for the world to
realize that the parchment professions
of the treaty of Portsmouth were but
promises of pie-crust. It became evi
dent that the possession of the railroad
amounted. In effect, to the control of
China at Merer f Poirera.
Ten years ago China -rras placed at
the mercy of the powers by reason of
the Boxer war and the imprisonment of
the legations in Peklnin Th. mt
troops of the European nations, tha
',T,'nited States and Japan marohPA nn
the Chinese capital, drove the court
into txilc. looted the Forbidden Cin
and terrorized ail northern China. Fol
lowing that campaign, the United States
bv John H.v.-. sectary of .:te oo -the
lead in the effort to save ' China,
from partition. The powers agreed t.
Hays proposal, which guaranteed the
maintenance of the administrative en
tity and territorial integrity of the
Chinese empire. It also committed all
the powers to the "open door" policv
Since the close of the Russo-Japanese
war and the consequent division of
railway control in Manchuria between
bt. Petersburg and Tokio, there has
been a disposition to kn Qn ve
nations out of Manchuria. The "onen
aoor is open only on paper. Actually It
is closed except to those nations owninsr
Although the treaty of Portsmouth
provided expressly that nothing should
interfere with the development, by the
Chinese, of the resources of Manchu
ria, It remains a fact that Japan and
Russia have .prevented he building of
railways in Manchuria by the Chlns
government havo rventd Wc ' i
nese from constructing a railway line
in their own territory." Not only have
Tehv done this, but they also havf
stopped railway construction proposed
by the Chinese and financed by Brit
ish and Aemerican capital. As matters
stand today, Japan and Russia effec
tually have shut out all the rest of the
world from Manchuria and northern
China, and there is every reason to be
lieve that they intend to keep -what they
have. For the time being the Russian
and Japanese interests with regard to
China are almost identical and the two
nations, so lately at war, will stand
together in claiming their "rights.
The Position of the U. S.
Only one of the great nations of
the world makes no claim to special
privilege in China, holds no Chinese
territory, seeks no exclusive sphere of
Influence. That nation Is the United
(Continued on Page Eleven.)
Hovr many people Is there In EI
''Well, sonney, ter hear the hooiters
talk I'd reckon there was about 73,000.
bnt the eensns folks say there nlnt over
33,000, nad if yn nik me pussonnlly.
I'd reckon there was 'bout "miff ter fill
the opry house, and 'bout half a' them
M come down from Ysleta. Tcnrs ter
me like nearly everybody nowadays
n-as either groin' or coiuia' or waitim
fo a train." f