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El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, June 09, 1910, Image 6

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EDITORIAL AND MAGAZINE PAGE
6 Thursday, June 9, 1910.
EL PASO HERALD
Established April 3SS1. The El Paso Herald includes aiso. by absorption and
Euccesflotf The Daily News, The Telegraph The Telegram -e Tribune.
The Graphic The Sun. The Advertiser. Thf Independent.
The Journal. The Republican, The Bulletin.
HEJIBER ASSOCIATED PRESS AXU A3IER. XBWSP. PUBLISHERS; ASSOC.
Entered at the Postoffice in EI Paso Tex., as Second Class maUer.
Dedicated to the service of the people, that no good cause shall lack a cham
pion, and that evil shall not thrive unopposed.
Bell Auto
"' 1115
Business Office :"2ir0 2020
HERALD Editorial Rooms "-"
TELEPHONES, j Society Reporter XV J
Advertising department -txo
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. .
Dally Herald, per .month, 60c; per year S7. Weekly Herald, per pye",
The Daily Hsrald is delivered by carriers in El Paso, ast El Paso, i ore
Bliss and Towne. Texas, and Ciudad Juarez. Mexico, at 60 cents a month.
A subscriber desiring the address on his paper changed v,ll please state
In his communication both the old and the new address.
COMPLAINTS. ,
Subscribers failing to getThe Herald promptly should call the office J
telephone No. 115 before 6:3o p. in. All complaints will receive prompt atten
tlon.
GUARANTEED I , KLINGAGEs"
CIRCULATION. y v v , v t ., t ,,.,.. U ELINOr AUt-lS.
.. . T , . 4 Persons solicited
The Herald bases J At of American 1 c subscrIbe for
&U adverti sing Advertiser has examined and citified to j The Herald ahould
contracts on a I jjation of this publication. The detail 1 bware of impos.
guarantee of f jep q ,ueh examination is on file at the J t anfl sh&uli
more than twice L NOT York ofice of ths Associirica. No. 4 pay money to
the circulation of V gfex Sgures of circulation guaranteed. anyone" unless ho
pYso.ArizorS l AMjUMI can show that he
New Mexico or C Q7 UT&CZZZv i legally autnor-
west Teas pa- N. - Secretary. J jed by h& m
per. Daily average l ...... . ,.. ... . a .1, paso Herald
exceeding 10,000.
An Economic Waste.
. - .. -i :x i ii.
EL FA5U is tne onry city m iuc a- -..b a- -babies"
Through the systematic expenditure of public funas and funds
subscribed by the charitable public, the work of the Woman's Charity school
for mothers which is being conducted in this city is as thorough, modern, and
scientific as similar work conducted' any of the great cities. It is in charge of a
woman of wide experience, -who is throwing her heart into the work and accom
plishing splendid results.
There is no other need so imperative as this, for the death rate at present
among Mexican children in this city is so high as to drag this city far down the
list in- mortality statistics. .
Neglect of one-half of our population, the Spanish speaking people, a majority
of whom live 'south of San Antonio street, is a most costly policy.
It is wasteful to'a terrible degree, wasteful in a strictly business or economic
sense. Every one of these people, every man, woman, and child, represents so
much potential capacity to produce wealth. Considered purely as machines, ws
are neglecting them shamefully and allowing their efficiency to drop way below
par.
We would not treat a horse, a mule, or a machine of steel and brass, as care
lessly or as ignorantly as we treat these human beings who should be our most
productive asset as efficient laborers.
It is a wiser policy as a matter of naked truth to spend money improving the
conditions of living among these people and thus increasing their efficiency as pro
ducers, than to spend money bringing more people into the city while we neglect
those we have here already.
y (J
The board of estimates of New York city refuses to appropriate $500,000 to
buy library sites, and the trustees of Andrew Carnegie's library donation fund an
nounce that they will take steps to force the city to comply with its contract
Carnegie gave New York city 5,000,000 for libraries and now the city claims it is
too poor to provide sites for the buildings.
o
A counterfeiting outfit was found in theMissouri state penitentiary. Another
case of a state institution harboring dishonest men.
o
This is the sort? of weather when we can emulate senator Jeff Davis and feel
good about it. Davis always takes off his coat and loosens his suspenders when
it's hot.
o
Alderman Blumenthal when he discusses a Fourth of July celebration looks as
gloomy as a boy on the last day of school.
o )
Those Maya indians are said to have been collecting their grouch for a long
time, but they waited until Porfirio Diaz was too old to take the field against
them before breaking oat.
o -
Nothing could have been gained by inaugurating a great fight in the courts
over the proposed, increase in railway freight rates. The truce of Washington is
favorable to the continued stability cf general business. Neither the people" nor
4he railroads will lose (by it. '
To enact such legislation as the new railroad hill with hoth houses of cognress
split up as badly as they are, shows -splendid political management and alert
watchfulness for the people's welfare. The hill is a compromise, of course, hut it
at least lifts the railroad rate controversy out of the region of passion and preju
dice into the domain of reason and judgment.
The Senate and
THE success of the administration railroad hill in the senate is one of the most
remarkable instances in our political history of radical new legislation
going to final passage by almost unanimous consent. Onlv 12 votes were
cast against, the bill, all by Democrats; 16'Democrats and all the "insurgent" Re
publicans voted fbr the bill.
There is no doubt that the measure is a long step in advance towards the
more effectual regulation of railroads by the national government. The railroads
themselves have come to realize that to concentrate regulative powers in the na
tional government and gradually to diminish the excessive interference by states
asrill be the bestprotective system for the railroads themselves as well 'as for the
people.
The new railway bill as a whole is a piece of great constructive legislation far
from ideal, hut furnishing a basis for a system of national control that will fend
off for a long time any attempt to institute government ownership.
In the Brooklyn high school gymnasiums they are teaching girls how to get on
and off street cars. A handcar running on a track and equipped "with hand rails
and step is used for the apparatus. It is a curious fact that 99 women out of 100
will use the wrong hand on the rail while stepping from a car, thus subjecting
themselves unnecessarily to accident and
Spokane, Wash., with three times El Paso's population, will spend more than
$5,000,000 this year on street and bridge work- Public improvements, including
street parking, are the most profitable investment a city can make.
When a governor wants to make himself politically solid, why does he pardon
or commute as many convicted criminals as possible? Is it that class from which
he expects to draw his support?
o
An opera written by the late Ignacio Mariscal, who was Mexico's secretary for
foreign relations, will be performed at the capital during centennial week next Sep
tember. The company receives a government subsidy. This is a new revelation of
the late minister's genius.
o
Inf ormatiori from New York is to the effect that Richard Canfield has shipped
all of his gambling paraphernalia to Mexico. When the authorities gave Canfield
notice two years ago that he could not continue jn the gambling business at Sara
toga, he declared that he would retire permanently. He had invested $500,000 in
his gambling establishment at Saratoga. In the last few days he has been busy
packing his furniture and fixtures and gambling paraphernalia for shipment, and it
is helieved in New York that he purposes to come to Mexico city "or Juarez. El
Paso may as well face the truth that she is on the verge of a hard fight for self
preservation. Men of this type will stop at' nothing to secure political control of
this city in order- to extend the field of vtheir criminal operations.
-oo rrinor nn TpPTilar work to "save the
the Railways.
injury.
J IN CLE
U WALTS
WHEX the boss suggests to Willie that he do this chore or that, Willie goes i
a-hustling to it, quicker than a circus cat, and he acts as though he ,
liked it; when one little job is through, lie comi's loping lu-Iv inquiring .
if there's nothing else to do. And the boss, whose heart is weary of incompetents j
and drones, says: "He's earning better wages 1 must i
see he gets more bones." When the boss remarks to J
WILLIE AND Johnnie, "Go and sweep the ceiling now," Johnnie goes
-JOHNNIE about the business with a dark and gloomy brow; in a,
weary, listless fashion he performs his little chore, al
ways looking, always squinting at the clock above the
door. And the boss, whose 'heart is harrowed, sizes up that languid boy, and re
marks: "That blooming youngster isn't worth three whoops in Troy." Oh, the
mantle of Elijah falls ujvon me now and then, and I gaze into the future, see the
boys grow into men; and I mark the rise of Willie to the shining heights of fam
and I'm onto little Johnnie losing out at every game.
Copyright, J 910. by George Matthews
Departure From Old Conditions
Causes Increased Cost Of Living
Cotulla, Tex., May 29, 1910.
Editor El Paso Herald:
There is so much being- said about the
cause of the hard times that I would
like to express my views on the sub
ject, although I know I will be criti
cised for being an "old fogy."
The loom and the spinning wheel
have betfh c'jJst aside, and we throw
away the rags that would make pretty
rugs and carpets and buy expensive art
rugs and carpets. We throw away the
scraps that would make pretty and use
ful quilts and buy comforts and spreads.
We have almost cast aside the sewing
machine and buy ready made clothing.
We throw away our meat scraps (soap
grease) and bujr soap at 5 cents a
bar. t
Monday used to be wash day, and
mother and daughter rolled up their
sleeves and went into the soap suds
and by noon a beautiful washing was
on the line, the kitchen floor scrubbed
white, and an inviting dinner spread
that they had cooked. After the din
ner the dishes were washed, and moth
er and daughter sat in the cosy sitting
room and pieced quilts or did some
fancy work.
Conditions Have Changed..
Now, to wash and scrub and cook is
considered menial drudgery.. We send
our clothes to the laundry at a great
expense- We hire servants to cook and
scrub, make beds and sweep floors.
The day has passed when we made
the boy a pair of pants out of father's
old trousers. He must have a new
suit of clothes out of the store, every
thing to match,from the gaudy necktie
to the speckled socks and patent leath
er slippers.
We have ceased to keep a cow or
two for our family use, and we pay
40 cents a pound for butter and 50
cents a gallon for milk. We have ceased
to can fruit, make jelly and preserves.
We have ceased to dry our fruit, but
buy evaporated fruit at 12 cents a
pound. We have ceased to make the
barrel of apple butter and the barrel
or kraut.' the keg of pickles and the
barrel of sorghum molasses. W,e de-
Foolin With "Fone" By km.
Book Facts and Figures Walker
The largest number in the directory
is 3S39. The smallest is No. 1, the City
hack stand.
Juarez has four less phones in the
new book than the old one, there being
154 in the new edition.
Of the Juarez telephones 24 are Chi
nese. This has nothing to do with Chi
nese smuggling, however.
The old Smith and Jones gag is a
dead one so far as telephone patrons
are concerned. There are only 27
Smiths, and one of these is Billie Smith,
who is not a Smith at all.
The Jones family Is unlucky, it has
13 using phones in El Paso.
Old man Williams and his family of
17 have It over the Jones boys by four.
Although the directory is a good sized
book it has but four Pages.
There are six Halls, not counting the
city hall, in the book.
The "Z" column shows a net loss
of two. In the old book there were
nine names beginning with the last
letter. The new one shows but seven.
The pest house is No. 316. Call up
and catch a disease.
Of all the millionaires and near mil
lionaires in El Paso, there is but one
reallv Rich man and that is Frank.
(Adv.)
A total of 67 companies have the
name El Paso for a trade name.
Four kings being the limit for any
deck In the southwest, there are but
four Kings in the directory.
Henry Kelly is not the only man the
YEARS
(From The Herald of
j Tne quarterly neport or county clerk
. . ...
Parker was presented to the commis
sioners late yesterday afternoon; it
shows a total indebtedness at the end
of April amounting to ?194, 724.26, show
ing an excess of $1829.72 over last
year. Commissioner Harris was grant
ed $150 for the construction of a jail
at Ysleta, several bills were allowed,
and the commissioners adjourned until
j Thursday, when they will meet as a
board of equalization. ""
The directors of the Y. M. C. A. are
furthering a scheme for holding a mu
sical convention in El Paso on Sep
tember 7th, 8th and 9th. One day will
be devoted entirely to sacred music.
Exgovernor L. B. Prince, of New
Mexico, will speak at the courthouse
tonight on free silver.
Judge C. N. Buckler has gone to
Marfa and judge Walthall went to Pecos
last night
HIGH COMPLIMENT.
From Phoenix (Arizona) Gazette.
Tucson can play ball even if It hasn't
as large a papulation as Phoenix.
o
SOME ENCOURAGEMENT.
From Arizona (Phoenix) Gazette.
But light is dawning for Arizona and
New Mexico, says the Los Angeles
Express. They will have to be ad
mitted to statehood in the course of a
few years, so that their names will be
available for new battleships.
o
EL PASO TS ON THE HO.MESTRETCH. I
From Albuquerque (N. M.) Morning
Journal.
Judging from the way' sidewalks are
going in, Albuquerque Is still stretch-
inir out as heretofore -
With the Exchanges
Denatured Poem
ObJTK
Adams.
L0a
pend on the grocery store for every
thing we eat.
Daughters Enjoy New Pleasures.
We dress our daughters in expensive,
extravagant and fashionable clothes. We
rear her in idleness to ride in automo
biles, go to iome theater, ball, card
party or a pink tea. We teach
her . that she must spend the sum
mer at some fashionable seaside for
her health. We do our utmost to keep
her in society, hoping the day will come
when we can marry her off our hands
to some fellow with more money than
he has brains.
"We rear our boys in idleness, pay to
have them take gymnastic exercises at
school instead of "letting them get that
training at the -wood pile with the saw
and axe. We rear our boys to play
football, baseball and golf Instead of
having them plow the corn that would
fatten the hogs that would make our
meat and lard for another year. We
pay 30 cents a pound for bacon and
20 cents a pound for lard.
Most of the high prices are caused
from thevincreased demand for our liv
ing, which Is due to idleness. It lis a
disgrace in the eyes bf society for our
daughters to work, and it Is fashion
able to make sports of our sons. Hence
the cost of the whole living devolves
on the father "and his nose is kept to
the grind stone," whether he works in
a bank or at the work bench.
Back in the sixties, girls and boys
were taught to work. When they got
home from school they changed their
school clothes for work clothes and
went to work in earnest to help father
and mother. Girls were taught to sew,
darn, mend, piece quilts, tack carpet
rags, cook, -wash, iron, make jelly and
to churn and make butter, and each girl
made a "help meet" for her husband
instead of a millstone about their
necks. Our boys were taught to cut
and split wood, plow, hoe, milk the
ccffs, slop the hogs, in fact to do any
kind of work that came along. Every
member of the family worked to help
make the living and it was a good liv-
ing, too.
Z. H. Russell.
song tells about in El Paso. There are
six Kellys In the hello book.
Being out of the citrus belt there is
but one lemon listed, and that is spelled
Lemen.
A young circus menagerie could, be
started with the animals that are
named. There are nine Campbells, two
bears (spelled Baehr and Bahr), one
Fox, one Hare, four Wolfs, and one
Fliey, which is Mike.
The baseball bunch is represented In
the book by Mr. Bunts.
The Yee boys came near monopolizing
the "Y" section. There are nine Yeea
who sport the telephone.
It requires 18 phones for the city
schools and 10 for the city hall.
The El Paso &. Southwestern is the
best cunstomer the telephone company
has. It has 34 phones listed in the
book.
There is a Gumm givenunder the
"B's", but it is not By Gumm.
Five Bakers, nine Carpenters, and
eight Taylors are ready on call, accord
ing to the book in the phone booth.
" Mr. Biggs and Mr. Biggers are neigh
bors in the "B" list.
Who said the Macs were dead ones?
There are exactly 76 McSomething or
others who have phones in El Paso.
There are also 17 O blanks who call
central regularly.
The good old Irish name of Sullivan
is represented by five of the tribe.
The first name in the book is Abbey
and the last Zuniga.
AGO to-
this date, 1896) DA Y
The El Paso baseball team goes to Al
buquerque Friday to play Saturday and
Sunday.
Considerable ore is being received in
El Paso. The last shipment from the
south consisted of 56 cars.
Hose company number two elected
three new members last night, J. T.
Sullivan, Shedd and T. W. Wood.' Six
new helmets were ordered.
Judge Calhoun, of Eastland, who is
a candidate for the legislature, will
speak at the plaza tonight.
A thermometer set in the sun today
registered 118 degrees.
The gospel tent was taken down last
night and packed away for future use.
Four drunks were arrested last night
and will get "their's" today.
Doc "Ward has succeeded E. H. Offly
as snare drummer In the McGinty band.
Metal market: Silver 68 c; lead $3;
copper 10c; Mexican pesos 53c.
"WAIT.
From Tempo (Ariz.) News.
The "bloody revolt" Archbishop Glen
non sees arising in the cities may be
delayed at least as long as the crowds
are amused in front of baseball bulle
tin boards.
o
A DEAD "WEIGHT.
From New York (N. Y.) Tribune.
The inebriate is a dead weight in f
modern society. The older world was
more than kind to him, but the newer
is relentless. The vounger generation
I has had accurate views on that point,
and the pronortlon of vounir men hand!
capping themselves with drinking habits
Is becoming smaller every year. Young
won nowadays are too intent on other
things to be greatly attracted by the
cheap lure of dissipation.
Match Making Industry Depends
Upon Modern Intricate Machinery Frederic
J. Haskin
WHITE PHOSPHOROUS A MENACE TO HEALTH
X INVESTIGATION has been
made by the Department of
Commerce and Labor with refer
ence to the prevalence in the match
factories of the United States of a
i disease known as the "phossy jaw."
This investigation shows that eight ,
cases existed in two of the factories
visited, and S2 cases were found In the
homes of persons employed in three
factories. The disease is known to
the medical profession as necrosis of
the jaw, and is brought about by Uig
fumes of white phosphorus.
More than 65 percent of the men,
women and children employed In the
match industry in the United States
are exposed to the dangers of the dls-
ease. It is probable that as a result oZ
tne investigation, congress will follow
the example of the principal coun-
ines oi Europe, ana will prohibit tne
further use of white phosphorus in the
maklng of matches.'
"White Phoiphoru.H Dangerous.
At the international conference on
labor regulation held at Berne in 1&U6,
Germany, Denmark, France, Italy, "Lux
embourg, the Netherlands and Switz
erland agreed to prohibit the manufac
ture. Importation, or sale of matches :n
the making of which white phosphorus
was used.
Later England took up the matter
and agreed to investigate the English
match factories. The committee which
made the investigation reported that
while It was plain that many laborers
in match factories did suffer by reason
of the presence of white phosphorus,
there was only one substitute chem
ical which could be used in the manu
facture of matches designed to strrk-i
anywhere, and that this substance was
protected by a British patent The re
port was therefore unfavorable to the
abolition of the use of white phos
phorus. When the matter came to be consid
ered in parliament, the report of the
committee was overturned, and a law
was passed embodying the principles
laid down in the Berne conference. This
law also provided that the existing
patent should be modified to such an
extent as would prevent a monop-'ly
on the other process of match making.
It set forth that the patent holder
should share with other manufacturers
upon the payment of a reasonable roy
alty or stipulated sum. It is doubtful
if there ever has been a case in the
United Sta"tes where a patentee has been
compelled by legislation to surrender
any part of his rights.
Fumes Often Cause Death.
The fumes of white phosphorus are
injurious particularly to persons with
decayed teeth, through which the chem
ical finds its way into the jawbone, I
and there runs a course that often re-
suits In death. The medical profes
sion has not met with great success
in treating necrosis arising from thi3
cause. The existence of Improved match
making machinery has tended to re-
duce the dangers incident to the use of
white phosphorus, but most authorities
agree that the only way to eliminate
these dangers completely will be to fol
low the course of European nations and
abolish the manufacture, importation
and sale of matches made with it
It is said that there are at least two
harmless substitutes for white phos
phorus in the making Of matches. Red
phosphorus has long been used In mak-
ing safety matches, such as will strike
only on a prepared surface. This sub
stance was used first In IS 45, and has,
In a large measure, changed the na
ture of the match industry. The only
excuse for the continuation of the use
of white phosphorus Is that the hustling
American likes a match "which will
strike on anything.
Match Factories Arc Numerous.
There are more than 200 match fac
tories in the United States and Canada.
It has been computed that the average
Individual in the civilized world uses
eight matches a day. Three millions oi
..I.C... o. .,.., utv c. ... mmuie ui me
year. Half of the whole world's con-
sumtion of matches is In the United
tnem are suuck every minute ot tne
States and Canada. Not more than j
half of thfe population of the world uses j
.Hatches. Even in the remoter districts j
of Europe, the old fashioned method of j
uuiiuwins uxe iiuiu me neignoors is
continued. -
It is said that in many cases fire-
are lighted when a bride and her hus
band go to housekeeping and are kept
a.uve continuously until tneir cnnaren
are grown and. have to establish new
.homes and new fires.
Automatic Processes in Europe.
The major portion of the safety
matches used in the United States are
mane In Sweden. France and Norway.
In France match makng is conducted
as a government monopoly. There are
seven large factories: Thej' are made
by machines whose capacity is 50.000
boxes of matches an hour, .ach box
containing 50 matches. In i the use of
..nese machines, tio human hand touches
the match from the time it Is cut from
the log until it is in, the hands of the
consumer. Every process is auto
matic. AMUSEMENTS.
i AT THE AIRDOME.
Only ee more performances of
"Flnnlgan s Ball" will be given at the
Airdome and as the performances this
week are the best of the season, the
Airdome is the proper place to go of
an evening to keep cool and see a good
show, say those who have been there.
MISS LILLIAN SHATTUCK.
Manager Rich announces that Miss
Lillian Shattuck, -who made such a hit
here as leading woman with the Boston
Ideal Opera company, has joined the
Airdome forces and will make her first
appearance Sunday night at the sum
mer theater in "Foxy Mr. Bowser."
Ollie Mack closes his engagement
Saturday night, there will be several
new faces seen In the company.
SPECIAL NOTICE.
To the Theatergoers of El Paso:
As I have rented the Majestic theater
to the Unique Film Exchange for a
short time, I beg to say that I have
absolutely no connection with the "Sa
lome dance" that Is advertised to ap-
pear there
Frank Rich.
TWO STRONG FEATURE PICTURES.
"The Penitent of Florence," a seinl
'gacred picture of great dramatic worth
with splendid scenery, will be the fea
ture of the Wigwam tonight It was
made in Europe and I highly recom
mended ,by its maker, Charles Urban.
J The Crystal, "the house cosy." will
The process of 'making matches un
der modern conditions is full of Inter
est Many persons think that the
match splints are the byproduct of sash
and door factories, but as a matter
of fact the best timber extant is re
quired for match sticks. The logs which
are to be worked up into matches are
first soaked or steamed to make them
less brittle. They are then run
through a veneer peeling machine. The
result is a long strip of wood as wide
as a match is long and as ihin as the
match is thick. These long strips are
piled up 50 to SO in a pile and are
thrust through a machine not unlike a
French guillotine. After the strips are
cut up. the millions of little splints are
j carried Into a drying room where they
are aried by hot air.
Work All Done
by raclilnery.
I After thf m-occ f, i,f
gathered by a" machine and placed In
thousands of minute pigeon holes, each
on end. When the pigeon hole case is
full, the frame is locked so as to bind
each match in its own place. It then
is carried to another part of the ma
chine where the free ends of the match
es are dipped, first in sulphur and then
in phosphorus.
The boxes also are made by machin
ery, and arrive in time to have the
matches placed in them. One of these
machines will dip from 10 to 12 milliot.
maicnes a aay. The sulphur used in
the making of matches is provided in
order that the combustion started by
the phosphorus shall continue long
enough to set the wood on Are.
Many Ingenious Manufacturers.
There are many forms of matches.
Some peculiar ideas are worked out. In
one case, they are produced in the
shape of a reel of tape. At each place
where the matches are covered, there
is a supply of phosporus and a strik
ing substance. Another match maker
uses a little bottle filled with com
bustible pellets. By inverting the bot
tle he is able to get one of these pellets
out at a time and a striking apparatus
gives him the Are he desires.
Another peculiar match is put up in
little packages resembling accordion
pleated goods. The' package is held
together by the use of a rubber band,
one strip being torn off at a time. The
accordion pleating prevents the strik
ing surface from danger .of exposure.
Still another novel Idea consists of a
round roll of sand paper. Into which a
match is placed. When a man needs a
light, he holds the roll between two
fingers and presses on the match with
his thumb. This serves to strike the
match, which Is of the saSety variety.
First 3Intck 3Iade In London.
The making of matches Is a. cora-
Paratively new industry. In the spring
time of history, men produced fire by
rubbing sticks together, which was fol
lowed by the use -of the flint, steel and
tinder. In 1680 Godfrey Hanckwitz, of
London, "learning of the discovery of
phosphorus and of its nature, wrapped
some of it in a little roll of brown
paper and rubbed it until it took fire.
Then he held it to a stick covered with
sulphur. This was the world's first
match.
Later, sticks were dipped in sulphur
and then in a composition of chlorate
of potash, sulphur, colophony, gum of
sugar and cinnabar. These sticks were
f Put UP in a little box, and were sent out
! "with a small bottle of sulphuric acid.
u hen the user desired a light he
dipped one of the sticks into the acid,
and it was immediately ignited. These
were called chemical matches. The con
sumer had to pay $3.75 a box for them.
Pacific Coast 3Iatch Still in UseJ
From that time on matches gradu
ally were improved until the Lucifer
match made its appearance. Before
economical methods of making boxes
were discovered, it was the custom to
have matches made from small-blocks
bf wood. The lower end of the block
was not cut apart, and thus the whole
Duncn oi matcnes was held together,
For many years this form of match
I was soldi all over th TTnfrJ stnro
bunch of matches was held together
was soldi all over the United Statps.
Even to this day one finds the block
match in. wide use along the Pacific
coast
The cheapness of matches is due not
less to the perfection of box makini
machinery than to the introduction of
great machines for the production of
matches themselves. These boxes are
usually made from the same wood that
j enters Into the making of the match.
and 0,000 boxes a day are turned nut
by a single machine. Their cost is
but the merest fraction of a cent each.
Some enterprising clgaret makers
have placed the match on the end of
the ( cigaret itself. While this new
clgaret is enjoyed as a novelty in many
places. It has never become popular
with smokers. The Httle pocket light
ers carried by some smokers do not
meet with- a very large sale. Since the
penny-in-the-slot machine has served
to place matches on sale almost every
where, there is but little demand for
other kinds of lighting agents than
the match.
Tomorrow The Mothers' Congress.
show "The Princess and the Peasant "
a story drama which has magnificent
Cuban scenery. The Edison company
took It.
MASONS HOLD ANNUAL
ELECTION OF THEIR OFFICERS
El Paso chapter No. 157, Royal rch
Masons, held its election Wednesday
night at the Masonic .temple, the of
ficers selected for the Masonic year
being:
John Hughes, high priest. Scott C
White, king; George E. Trost scribe;
John Carpenter, .treasurer; J. c. Mol
llnary, secretary;' J. C. Ross, guard; E.
C. Hitchcock, captain of the host; t!
C. Liddell. principal " sojourner; Col!
Lewis, royal arch captain; L. F At
wood. master of the third vail; E S.
Larham. master of the second rail W
W. Click, master of the first rail.
Tho El Paso council No. 98. royal se
lect masters, also elected the following
officers: .Taints Phlpps. third illustrious
master; George E. Trost, deputy illus
trious master; John Carpenter, treas
urer; J. C. Mollinary. secretary; J C
Ross, sentinel: E. S. Parham. capaiii of
the guard; H. W. Connelly, conductor of
the council: Gus A. Trost, steward.
Japs To Seek South Pole.
Victoria, B. C, June 9. Japan is hur
rying an expedition under Lieut
Shirase to leave this month in the hope
of anticipating the British expedition to
the south pole, according to news
brought by cho Weir steamer River
Clyde. The diet has voted money for
the enterprise.
BELL 1-irONE 11C
jet you a buyer.
Will
Abe Martin
Th' the-atexs will soon be closed up
but we'll still have th' hosiery windows.
Th' party that haint got a chance t' win
alius nominates a good ticket.
(Continued From 2age One.
at this time. Judge Trevano gave a
reason for his action in holding Madera
that the position of Madero justified
him in ordering him held incommuni
cado. The newspapers of this city are com
menting freely upon the arresfr and im
prisonment of Madero. The opposition
press condemns the action of the
authorities and the government papers
praise their action In punishing what
they insist Is a grave offense.
Madero was arrested as he and his
wife were boarding a train to leave the
city. He was charged with having
assisted or aided Roqueu Estrada,
prominent anti-reelectionist, to escape
the service of a warrant for an offense
which he is alleged to have committed
last Sunday. The nature of this was
not disclosed. Estrada gave himself up
yesterday to the authorities.
Political Excltemeat.
San Antonio, Tex.., June 9 A special
to the Express printed from, Monterey,
Mex.. today, says:
"There is little if any abatement in
the political excitement here. Late
Monday night Francisco L Madero, the
Independent candidate for president
who is opposed to the reelection of Diaz,
was arrested and taken to the city
lockup. His wife, who was with him at
the time of the arrest accompanied him
to the jail. It is reported today that
he has been allowed his liberty but that
the case has not yet been disposed of
by the authorities. It Is also reported
that attorney Roque Estrada has been
arrested and placed in prison."
CHARGES PERSECUTION OF
MEXICANS IN L'. S.
Congressman Says Mexican Government
Has Spies Tkrouprhont United States
In Interest cf Diaz.
Washington, T. C. June 9. Stories
of alleged persecution of political
refugees from Mexico in the United
States were related by representative
Wilson (Dem.) before the rules com
mittee of the house, in urging the
adoption of his resolution providing for
a congressional investigation
Mr. Wilson's resolution recites that
it has been charged freely that promi
nent Mexicans residing in the United
States have been persecuted by United
States officers at the behest of Mexican
officials. The resolution says there has
been a continuous and systematic per
secution of Mexican political refugees,
who had opposed the administration of,
president Diaz.
It was charged that the Mexican
government maintains a system of es
pionage on political refugees in tha
United States and that they are re
peatedly arrested by American officers
and jailed on various pretexts.
Mr. Wilson submitted a list of names
of persons who he said were willing to
frv-.? -.-, t fo.i pnts in California
and Arizona had been Improperly used
t tne iueicin. jjfwiiimeiit in further
ing its spy system.
THIS MAN SAYS THE
AMERICANS ARE NOT AFFECTED
Revolutionists, Says Louisville Mas,
"Were Peaceable and Liked Jwieri-
cans as Bosses.
Louisville. Ky., June 9. The reported
uprising of the"Maya indians of Yucatan,
is not likely to seriously affect any
American interests, according to C. F
Mengel, of Louisville, who represents
large American Interests in Yucatan.
Recently Mr. Mengel was in Yucatan
in the district known as the territory
of Qulntana Roo, which is south of tho
scene of the reported uprising. He found
that the Maya indians were disposed to
be very friendly. In the logging camps
and chicle operations they have become
Indispensable assets, and under gener
ous treatment in a remarkably short
time developed qualities of faithfulness
and peacefulness, giving them a stand
ing as workmen superior to that of the
negro laborer.
Some of them received as much as $14
gold per month and rations and re
garded their employers as their greatest
friends. There were upwards of S000 of
these Indians in the American camps.
This was the situation when Mr. Men
gel left Yucatan and the natives ap
parently Indicated that there was then
no cause for general discontent.
According to data here there are ap
proximately 100 Americans in Yucatan
working In logging and chicle camps,
which represent the principal industries
attracting Americans to that country.
Practically ail of these Americans work
in close touch with the Indians and they
are generally on friendly terms with
them.
CREEL WRITES THAT THE
UPRRISING IS NOT SERIOUS
Washington, D. C, June 9. Word of
the revolt that has broken out among
the Maya indians in Yucatan, has been
received by Senor de la Barra, Mexican
ambassador, here, from the Mexican
minister of foreign affairs Creel. The
message said that the rebellion is not
serious, the number of indians in re
bellion not being large.
The Indications are that the trouble
has arisen through the gradual exploi
ration of the country by white traders
and agriculturists.
Watermelons on ice. Phone Ardoin's.
Salome at Majestic Friday nigh$
MEXICO RUSHING
TROOPS TO fll-
CflTflN

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