Newspaper Page Text
Real Estate, Classified and Too-Late-to-Classify Ads.
on Pages 133 14 and 15.
Real Estate, Classified and Too-Late-to-Classify Ads.
on Pages 13, 14 and 15.
JoL r j Jrjc 11
Mayas Have Always Hated
the Aztecs; Then Span
iards and the Mexicans.
i with machettes through the under-
m , ii- ii. .. j-i brush. Trails run through the moun-
XlTSt Republicans' ' On theltainous and swampy sections of the
American Continent Re
markably Intelligent Once
Mexico City, Mexico, June 11. The
Maya Indians, now in rebellion zigainst j
the Mexican government in the terri
tories of Yucatan and Campeche are
the aristocracy of the aborgines of the
South and Central American region.
Originally noted for their peaceableness,
Judtrinrr from the fine cities thev built
in prehistoric times and theevidences '
they left of their agricultural nature,
they have been a constant source of
trouble to the Mexican government
throughout the century of its exist
ence. The Mayas were the original "republi
cans" of the continent, it is claimed by
historians. Where other tribes notably
their most noted neighbors, the Aztecs
to the north had hereditary monarch
ies and were ruled by chieftains who
descended from other chieftains the
sun God being their father, according
to their tribal traditions the Mayas
elected their councils and council chiefs.
While other abroglnes were warring,
the Mayas were developing their agri
cultural possibilities and building great
temples that withstood the ravages of
rime and civilization, monuments to
their early learning and ability. Then
it was- not strange that when the Span
iards first came, they should find the
Mayas rebellious, nor that these same
Mayas should continue in rebellion
when the Mexican government took
them over. They rebelled for the same j
caus? uiat toe American coiomsts la
belled because they were governed
The FIkMIcr Starts.
They could see no reason why their
country should be taken away from
them; why the best there was should
fall to the Spaniards, first, and the
Mexicans later, and they began fight
ing. They have kept it up, at times
offering serious resistance, again just
committing depredations upon farms
and making desultory attacks upon the
troops sent there to scatter them and
keep them in subjection. But all the
time they showt-d resistance. And that
this resistance should be but natural,
sociological students say there has been
every reason, for the majority of the
Mexican officials in the two territories
where roam the Mayas, are descendants
of the Aztecs, the ancient enemies of
the Mayas. That the Mexican govern
ment should attempt to control them
was enough to make them fight, but j
that tne control snouia oe exerau
through the descendants of their ancient j
enemies, against which the prehistoric
peaceful Mayas had to contend, was
more than they would stand. Diaz, it
must be remembered, is an Aztec, hence
the Mayas have hated their ruler from
the time he took the presidential chair,
over 30 years ago, and they have been
taught that he would eventually ex- ,
terminate them alL They are therefore
lighting against the expected exter
mination, against the curtailment of
their privileges and because of the In
born hatred of centuries against the
Just Like Other Indians.
These things He at the bottom of
the present revolt, but the immediate
cause Is the fancied oppression of the
Mexican government; the same that
caused the Yaquis to fight in Sonora
until they had almost all been exter
minated; the same that caused the
American Indian to fight as long as he
could get rifles and powder. Mexicans
have taken up the rich lands claimed
by the Indians to develop the country
and great American corporations have
purchased immense tracts of timber and
large plantations which the Indians
called their's, but which the Mexican
government sold as public lands as it
had a right to do.
The Indians have resisted, but gener
ally feebly; they have lacked capable
leaders In the past and their fighting
has consisted of a foray upon a ha
cienda, the butchery of its inhabitants
and an escape back into the wilderness
before the troops could interfere, or
an attack from, the roadside upon the
supply train of the Mexican army of
occupation. Seldom did the Indians give
battle in the open. They lacked lead
ers and are not born soldiers.
Spaniard as Lenders.
But the time came when the leaders
arrived. The Spaniards who came over
and settled in Campeche and Yucatan
and grew fruits and raised cattle be
fore Mexico became a republic, have
never quite become reconciled to the
Mexican rule; they did not rebel with
the rest of Mexico when Hidalgo, the
priest, threw off the Spanish yoke from
the shoulders of his people, and it was
a- long time before the territory was
even claimed by the Mexicans. Finally,
after serious rebellion on the part of
Real estate transfers recorded during: the past week amounted to $50,053,
compared with 541,17C for the week prior, showing: an increase of ?SS77, but
the value of building: improvements for which permits ivere Issued totaled
only 9165, compared with $40,129 for the previous week, showing n de
crease of ?-),93-. It is not expected from this showing that the building: oper
ations r.iarted. during the month of Ju ne will be nearly nx jprent as for the
mouth of 3Ii
ffluLo iinLn lu
LL 111 IIL lilHIn
the Indians and Spaniards alike, though
each fighting- Independent!-, the sover
eignty of Mexico was established, and
it has only been maintained by force
of arms. Xow the Spaniards and the
Indians have joined and are making
common cause against the republic of
Mexico, with the prospects of conduct
ing one of the most disastrous and ex
pensive wars the republic has ever faced
in such a small area.
Isolated, Hot Country.
The Campeche-Yucatan country is iso
lated and it is hot. By its isolation it
is difficult for the Mexican troops to
reach it in the first place, and owing
to the tropical nature of its growth and
the miasmatic condition of its climate
It is deadly to the unacclimated. For
this reason the warring tribesmen, and
their Spanish leaders have the advant
age over the troops. In many regions
where the Indians live in as much X
clusiveness as when Cortez first sailed
' Into Mexico, it is impossible to pene
I trate the region without first cutting
! away the brush.
Americans on timber inspection trips
I through Campeche and Yucatan have
I traveled but six and seven miles a day
and their guides had to cut their way
country, .nu in iini3 ,., v ... v. v, . .
roads for pack trains and wagons, but
no railroad has ever penetrated the
fastness of Campeche and only a few
short lines have been built in Yucatan,
these near the coast
Country a "Wilderness.
The only city of importance in the
state of Campeche is the capital, Cam
peche, on the coast; where ships con
stantly load the cocoa bean, bananas,
coffee and other products of the trop
ics, gathered from the large haciendas
along the coast and back a few miles
from the coast, only as far back as it
will pay to transport the product on
burros to the shipping point. The in
terior of the country is a wilderness
and the Maj'as have lived for centurlas
undisputed. Even since the Mexican
rule has prevailed, there are regions in
both Campeche and Yucatan where no
law is known except the tribal laws f
the Indians. From their strongholds
they have been enabled to make forays
at will upon the farms and plantations
closer to the sea, and have suffered but
little when the troops gave pursuit, be
cause they could regain safety in the
wilderness of the tropics or in the
mountain fastness and attack the' troops
from their concealed positions.
It became so the words Yucatan ard
Campeche had a terror for the Mexi
can soldier, for, if it did not mean death
from the tropical climate, it meant a
possible death from the Mayas. Sta
tion in these two teritories became
still most distasteful when the Mexican
government adopted the policy of
sentencing offenders to service in the
army in "the caliente country," and for
a number of years past, a great many
of- the soldiers on duty were criminals.
This did not form much of a fighting
army in the first place, and with the
men sick from fevers and terrorized at
the lurking enemy in the jungles, the
campaign has been one that did not do
much to establish the sovereignty of
Soldiers Fail to Maintain "Peace.
Even the Mexican ranchers have not
j depended to any great extent upon the
troopers ana tue &pamaras nave nau
utterly no faith in the soldiers. As a
result, as in Sonora where the Yaquls
have been warring, every large ranch
owner has a fortified blockhouse at his
headquarters and armed guards are
kept constantly on duty. A hacienda
of any size any distance from a town,
has one of these forts and men are
kept in constant readiness to repel an
attack. This has been successful in
many instances in the past, for the In-
dians nave fought in small bands, but
nQvr that they are or&anized and led
by paie men it is different and the
ranchers and their employes are report
ed as fleeing to the coast for protec
tion, such as the Mexican government
can offer; it is poor even in the sea
port towns if the Indians desired to
press them, at least until the troops are
rushed to the scene from Interior iiex-
Ico This ig now Delns- done, but the
fear of the fever terrorizes them and
even the best of them will take the
field half heartedly and these will have
great difficulty owing to inability to
get sufficient commissary supplies over
the roads with them. Unless they can
subsist on the tropical fruits and the
game .and cattle they can kill en route,
it is said that it will be impossible tv
keep an army in the interior long at a
Afraid of Pirates Once.
While Yucatan is not so isolated as
Campeche, having railroad connection
with several cities and towns in the
interior, the army there is in the same
condition as in Campeche. Yucatan for
merly suffered from the pirates in the
days when Spanish buccaneers sailed the
seas and the capital of the state is at
Merida. several miles inland frpm Pro
greso, the nearest seaport. It Is con
nected by rail with the seaport and
the line continues inland for a consid
erable distance, but back on the Guate
malan border, safe from the Guatema
lans because of the inaccessible moun
tains, the Mayas hold the country at
their mercy.' And it is in this locality
that the Mexicans are now in greatest
danger, for here there are more settle
ments and more Mexican inhabitants.
It is possible to transport tropical
products at a profit just a certain dis
tance on mule back to transportation.
With the railroads running back Into
Yucatan, the settlers have gone fur
ther back, whereas in Campeche they
have only settled lalong the coast- Still,
with all the settlements In the former
state, there is a great deal of wild coun
try and many of the Indians live practi
cally among the settlers, while to the
southwest of the settlers, the country
is as wild as in Campeche. It Is here
that the Indians reallj have their
stronghold; it is here that the remains
of the cities of their ancestors testify
to the advancement they had made be-
iL.il 14 B
fore history began to be written of the
A Historical Region.
It is in this region that the great
temples and the big cities were built;
that wagon roads were constructed be
fore the use of iron tools came into
being among them. This is the center
of the Maya stronghold for ages; just
how long they have lived there nobody
can tell, and just how long they will
continue to dominate the country no
body knows. Probably the construc
tion of railroads will solve the problem
and enable the Mexican government to
control these proud descendants of the
greatest tribe of prehistoric America,
but at present the revolutionists seem
to have the upper hand.
Among the famous cities left by the
ancestors of these warring Indians are
Uxmal, Palenque, Chichen and Itza. The
descendants of the original Mayas In
very few ways resemble their ancest
ors. In their pride of race and in
their hatred of oppression they are
very much like the race that historians
believe first peopled that country, but
in other ways they ar not. Many are
said to be cannibals and they live a
very low order of life.
Many of them are cave dwellers and
they are all filthy, while, judging from
the ruins of their cities, the original
Mayas were people who lived in splen
did palaces and evidently had attained
a very high order of civilization for
their day and time, judging from their
carvings and the beautiful roads they
built. Historians claim that their con
tact with the Spaniards degraded them,
but men who have visited the country
often do not credit this. They say there
is very little evidence of the existence
of Spanish blood and believe that the
persecutions of the Spanish and Mexi
cans alike have brought about their
Old Spanish records in plenty in the
museum of Mexico City, a very few
Maya books with old picture writing,
several Mss. written by Mayas in Maya,
but with Spanish letters, very soon af
ter tne conquest, and ruined towns and
cities, grave mounds and relics still
found in Campeche and Yucatan, attest
their former conditions. Were they civ
ilized? Morgan understands "civilized"
to mean three things: (1) cultivation of
land with the help of domestic animals;
(2) a written language representing
sounds by characters; (3) a knowledge
of the smelting of iron. The Mayas had
none of these, but they did have books
with covers of wood; the paper from
leaves of vegetable fiber, joined edge
to edge and folded Ike a fan. Over the
whole page were pictures pp.'nted in
all sorts of colors, which as their
way of writing. Ovz of the thousands
of books among ho Maya? when the
Spaniards came very few are now left.
Mayas Enemies of Aztecs.
The Mayas and Aztecs were a good
ueal alike, except that they were never
friendly, the Aztecs making war at
frequent intervals on their neighbors
to the south. Their religions were re
lated;J)Oth adored many of the same
deities especially, perhaps, the sun.
Both worshipped idols carved from
stone and some of these idols unearthed
in late years are very much alike.
Both sometimes sacrificed human vic
tims. Among the Mayas there may have
been a greater tendency toward a mon
archlal government than among the Az
tecs, the historians believe; here, an
elected council was the real power. In
methods of warfare the two people
were much alike, but the Mayas, though
brave, were not so warlike las the Az
tecs and paid more attention to agri
culture and the arts.
The Mayas lived well, according to
all indications of the present time. They
dressed in cotton of their own raising
and weaving this hundreds of years
before the discovery of America, when
the American Indian had not yet be
come so far advanced. The Mayas made
many ornaments of" gold and a green
stone very much resembling the tur
quois, and were expert feather workers.
The feather cards that are so often seen
in the euro stores from Mexico are from
Campeche and Yucatan, where the art
is practiced by Indians and Mexicans
alike. The .Mayas made good pottery,
too. They raised queer little dogs,
which became very fat, which they used
as food. Historians think that it was
from this that the present day Maya
( Mayan Habits.
The ancient Mayas paid a great deal
of attention to bees and gathered much
honej'. Wild bees still afford to a
large extent a means of existence
among the Mayas. The ancient Mayas
also raised poultrj' and though not rov
ing hunters, like some tribes, they were
skilled in trapping and snaring game.
They surpass all prehistoric Ameri
can tribes in their architecture and their
carving In stone. Though without iron
tools, these people were able 'to erect
fine buildings of stone, carved with re
markable and beautiful designs, the
permanency of which is attested by the
wonderful ruins still attracting archae
ologists from all parts of the world.
Cities In Rnlns.
In the wild forests of Yucatan and
Central America, in the midst of dense
tropical woods, overgrown with trees
and tangled vines arc the deserted ruins
of upward, of 40 of these ancient May
an cities. These different towns were
connected by paved roads of stone, long
ago fallen into disuse and decay, over
which couriers ran, carrj'ing messages,
along which traders bartered and dick
ered, and on which the forces of the
towns marched out to meet those from
the north when the Aztecs went to war.
In many cases the buildings were set
upon a great flat topped mound, -ith
sloping sides and rectangular base and
summit, strikingly like some of the
"temple mounds" of the southern states
of the United States. Up one side of these
mounds was a flight of stone steps,
guarding the base of which were fre
quently a pair of great serpents or
some wild beast carved in stone.
' Mayan Buildings.
The Maya buildings themselves were
all very long, flat topped, one story
high, and contained many rooms. The
rooms might be single, each opening
out of doors or they might be arranged
in suites of two or three, opening into
one aonther by inner doors. The In
terior decorations were all beautiful,
many of them done in colors from the
natural dyes obtained in the forests,
many of the colors enduring to the pres
ent day. These buildings were some
times constructed around the sides of
a square court, the doors all opening
into the court. Such buildings were
doubtless the houses in which dwelt
many families, as in the pueblo houses
in New Mexico and Arizona. There are
also remains of temples erected for pur-
(Continued on Page Ten.)
I 1111 I
Copper should take n briNk rise on the metal mnrket soon. The Tri-State Telephone company has ordered a
shipment of eight cars of copper wire for the Ions: distance extensions of the lines from El Paso to different parts of
the southwest. This wire weighs 300,000 pounds and will be strung as fast as it arrives.
Herald Arranges Concert
Reyes's "KM Band" in
BOYS ARE FROM
EIGHT TO FOURTEEN
Brass band music by boys 8 to 14
years old will be the offering of The
Herald next Friday evening in Cleve
land square, to the people of EI Paso.
Reyo R. Reyes and his "kid band"
will be the attraction. This young
man, a gifted musician, has been train
ing and drilling his young musicians
for several months past and now be
lieves that they are proficient enough
to give a concert before the public. As
a result. The Herald has arranged with
him to have the boys play in Cleveland
square next Friday evening from 7:30
to 9:30. An interesting program will be
aranged and it is to be absolutely free,
as free as the Tuesday night concerts
by alderman Blumenthal's municipal
Mr. Blumenthal has given permission
for the band to play and all that re
mains is for the people to come out and
enjoy the music. The boys are all un
der 14 years of age, according to their
youthful instructor. The youngest Is
8 years ag age. They are, mostly school
boys; some are orphans and a few work
as messengers and at other occupations
about the city. The boys and the in
struments they play follow:
Jesus Luevanos, Eb clarinet. '
Angel Reyes, Bb solo clarinet.
Bimas Sotelo, clarinet 2d.
Balbino Reyes, sax. soprano.
Alfredo Armendariz, 2d sax. soprano.
Jesus Trejo, sax. alto.
Pedro Sotero, sax. tenor.
Amando Reyes, cornet solo
Andres Jimines, cornet solor.
Eleodoro de la Torre, cornet 1st.
Evaristo Leyva, cornet 2nd. x
Arturo Martin, alto 1st.
Jose Asullar. alto 2d.
Nestor Rodriguez, baritone.
Trinidad Reyes, trombone
Juan Salinas, trombone 2d.
Ysidro D. Rodrigues, bass, Eb.
Ramon Sanches, tymbals.
Canuto Sanches, snare drum.
Estanislado Sabas, bass drum.
Luis Felix, cymbals.
EL PASO FREE
Bankers' Journal Copies a
Lot of Matter From
An example of the valuable adver
tising El Paso gets through The
Herald's aid is the Texas Bankers' as
sociation annual edition of the Texas
Bankers' journal, published at Houston.
The Bankers' journal contains 40 pages
of matter pertaining to the annual con
vention which was held here in May,
and credit is given The Herald for al
most all the material which appears In
j the publication, including three col
umns of personal sueicnes ot tne
prominent bankers who were here for
In addition, the journal printed a
picture of El Paso showing the new
Mesa avenue view with the Caples
building, the Rio Grande building and
the Roberts-Banner building.
A number of facts about El Paso also
appeared in different parts of the
paper, including a carefully compiled
bunch of statistics printed in The
Herald when the convention was here.
It is one of the finest boostirfg editions
of any trade journal ever issued.
Copies of the annual edition are be
ing mailed to the bankers in all parts
of the country and El Paso Is receiving
I valuable advertising.
BRYAX BROTHERS' STORE
WILL be enlarged
Bryan Bros, will enlarge their store
on the corner of San Antonio and
Oregon streets in order to get addi
tional floor space. The room now occu
pied' by the Miller cigar store will be
added to the Bryan brothers' store,
giving an addition of 22 square feet of
floor space. The work will be done as
soon as the cigar store Is moved, when
the partition wall will be taken out
and the two rooms made into one.
KRAKAUER, ZORK A. MOYE
FIRM IS READY TO MOVE
Krakauer, Zork & Moye will begin to
move the big stock of wholesale hard
ware from the old building on Over
land street to the new fireproof ware
houses In the rear of the San Fran
cisco street sales rooms next week.
This wilLbe the first time in the his
tory of the city that such a large Insti
tution has moved from one location to
the other without closing its doors.
NEW VALLEY HOME.
W. B. Latta Is building his summer
home down the valley. It is below
Clint on the county road and Mr. Latta
is personally supervising the work.
PARTITIONS TN BUILDING.
The tile partitions in" the Roberts
Banner building are now being laid.
EL PASO'S PARKS THE
JO Y OF
El Paso's 11 parks never looked so
green and fresh as they do this sum
mer. The parks are all in grass and
the trees are getting big enough to
make shade for the park frequenters.
In the evenings the parks are crowd
ed with people out taking the air and
on band concert nights, Cleveland
square park is not large enough to
hold the crowd, which comes down
town to listen to the municipal band.
The Toltec triangle, the last of the
parks to be planted, is getting green
and will soon be a lawn of grass in
front of the imfeoslng new club build
It has been suggested that the city
i Only a Question of Whether
Phoenix wul Pay Would Give the Rock Island an
Outlet Over Santa Fe at Phoenix Spreckles
Road Out of the Question for a Connection.
Belongs to the Southern Pacific.
"There is nothing whatever to con
ceal. The El Paso & Southwestern rail
road will build from Benson to Tucson,
and Phoenix, Arizona, if the cost of
building is not toe much and we think
I the lines will pay when completed."
This was the positive statement of
H. J. Simmons, general manager of the
"We have had surveyors in the field
for some time and we still have them
in the field," he continued, "but con
struction has not been decided upon.
No such decision was reached at the
meeting recently in BIsbee. and no such
decision will be reached for some time
"The surveyors are going over sev
eral routes for the proposed lines and
we will select the best one. We are
making no effort to get a coast out
let; the Southwestern considers itself
purely a local road, handling tho ton
nage originating or coming Into Its own
territory. Our sole purpose In building
to Tucson and Phoenix is to reach the
farming section of Arizona in the Salt
river valley and bring vegetables,
fruits, hay, grain and farm, products
Into the mining camps which we serve,
and to develop the country and origi
nate what tonnage we can enroute.
Therefore, we will build through the
section of the territory that offers most
for the future, where the expense is
not too great."
Exact Route Undecided.
This, then, settles the speculations
about the road building in this direction
or that. Surveys are being made west
of Tucson to Phoenix in several direc
tions up the San Pedro river through
Mammoth and Kelvin, and In other di
rections but all talk as to the exact
route Is nothing but speculation.
As to the Southwestern fighting the
Southern Pacific, Mr. Simmons merely
said, "The Southwestern and the South
ern Pacific are perfectly friendly."
What the Rock Island might have in
view or how the Rock Island might
profit in getting its trains to the Pa
cific coast over a line other than the
Southern Pacific, Mr. Simmons said he
did not know.
Rock Island and Santa Fe.
But it is known that the Rock Island
is anxious to see some outlet opened
up by which It can get out to the coast
without having to use the tracks of the
S. P., which may refuse any day to
handle Its trains, owing to increased
business on the S. P. from its territorial
and Mexican lines.
It is pointed out by railroad men that
if the Southwestern builds to Phoenix,
It will thus give the Rock Island an
outlet over the Santa Fe, which would
be as short if not shorter than over the
present S. P., since the Santa Fe is
building Its cutoff from Phoenix to Its
main line in Los Angeles and shorten
ing the distance so very greatly.
Spreckle.s Road S. P. Property..
The possibilities of a conjunction be
tween the Southwestern and the Spreck
els road at Yuma, to give the Rock
Island an outlet to the Pacific at San
Diego, is no longer a possibility. This
is now out of the question, for the
Spreckels road is no longer an inde
pendent line. It Is now well known in
railroad circles that the S. P. has taken
over the Spreckels project nnd is back
ing the line from San Diego through
the Imperial valley and the northern
part of lower California, to Yuma. This
has been looked upon for a long time
as a possible outlet for an independent
transcontinental line, but this is now
out of the question.
Outlet io Port LoIiom.
Then, if the Southwestern is to give
the Rock Island an outlet when it ex
tends its lines west, that outlet will
have to come over the Santa Fe lines
from Phoenix to Los Angeles, or over
the proposed Port Lobos road, which
Frank Murphy contemplates building
south from Tucson to the Gulf of Cali
fornia. This would give the Rock Island
school grounds should be put under
the care of the park commissioner,
who has done so much for the city's
parks and parkways. With the excep
tion of the Lamar school, which has
been improved and planted in grass
and trees by private funds raised by the
school improvement association, the
city school grounds are little more than
sand and sidewalks.
The great improvement which has
been made in the Lamar school grounds
shows the possibilities of such beauti
fication and with commissioner Harris
In charge of this work the park space
of the city could be doubled by the
addition of the school grounds to the
city's park scheme.
the Lines to Tucson and
only a freight outlet, however, and its
passenger trains will more than likely
be handled by the Santa Fe from Phoe
nix when the Southwestern builds to
When the Southwestern "Gets On."
The Rock Island .now extends as far
south from St. Louis as Tucumcari, Xew
Mexico, and it enters El Paso over the
track of the El Paso & Southwestern.
Here its trains are transferred to the
S. P. and handled on to Los Angeles
and San Francisco. The Southwestern
extends as far west as Benson, but it
has to deliver the Rock Island trains
to the S. P. at this point.
If the Southwestern could give the
Rock Island an outlet to some other
road. It could handle Rock Island trains
as far west as Its terminus. If the
Southwestern builds to Phoenix, it will
be able to give the Rock Island the
outlet and handle trains that far, which
would materially increase the earnings
of the new line.
Some of the Reasons.
Some of the reasons ror the extension
of the Southwestern are given in the
Tucson Citizen. It says:
"The hitherto unpublished reason
for the desire of the El Paso & South
western in making the extension Is
stated to be that business is not par
ticularly brisk over the western division
of the road while It is booming on the
east end, owing to the alleged fact that
the Southern Pacific refuses to accept
eastern bus'iness from the EI Paso &
Southwestern at Benson.
"It is stated that all the freight
hauled into El Paso by the El Paso &
Southwestern from Tucumcari, X. M..
must be turned over to te Southern
Pacific in the El Paso yards from the
western haul. This freight is said to
amount to as much, as 150 cars a -day,
and is naturally desired by the El Paso
& Southwestern on its western divison.
By the extension It may be delivered
to the Santa Fe in Phoenix by trade
UNCLE DICK CAPLES IS
GIVEN MAGNIFYING GLASS
"Uncle Dick" Caples has been given
While he was standing in the shade
of the Rio Grande building Friday aft
ernoon watching the progress of the
work on his watch charm building,
which has been officially named the
"little" Caples building, Mr. Caples was
given a present with considerable for
mality. Richard Burges walked up
and with one of his best Dick Burges
speeches, presented a magnifying glass
to the man who started El Paso's sky
line upward, with instructions how to
use it in order to get the proper lino
on his new building. It may be little,
but It will be four stories high.
1 I sly 8 S H
CONVER TING GAMBLING
HOUSE INTO MODERN
Hammers and brick layers trowels now clatter their sonjc of projeress
where the monotonous call of the Ramblers once filled the air with a bedlam
of sounds. The old Gem, where the crowds used to jpather in the old days as
noon ns the lights in the brackets had been lighted and play until these same
smoky, smelly, old oil lamps were blown out to Rive the janitor a chance to
clean up before the day shift went to work again, la now being- converted
Into a modern business bntldin with n brick front to replace the old frame
front of the mining: town type and, instead of double decked gambling:
house with a bar attached, the building will take Its place as one of the new
structures on the new street.
George Look, who built tho original Gem, back In the early eighties and
who still owns the Rronnd and building:, is personally superintending' the work
of remodeling: the old building and is mnkln;; It as typical of the new El
Paso as the old Gem was of the old one before the passing of the gun man aHd
the faro dealer. -
New Buildings Rear Their
Heads Above Older Ones
in Every Direction.
BUILDINGS RISE FAST
Activity in all Parts of City;
Hum of Mechanic Rever
Work on the skyscrapers continues
in spite of the summer sun and the riew
buildings are changing form each week.
Where the excavations are being made,
the holes are getting deeper and where
the skyscrapers are getting their heads
above the curh line, they ara poking'
their crowns higher in the alr-
The excavation work on the new
Anson Mills building is now completed
and the foundation work will begin
Maj. Fewel has at last succeeded in
settling tne dispute over the party
wall adjoining his property and as soon
as the wall Is formally condemned he
will begin to excavate for his 10 story
The American National bank building
is now above ground and going for tho
seven story distance like a mud run
ner. The Krakauer, Zork & Moye build
ing Is having the finishing vtouches
added and it is expected to have the
exterior completed In another week.
The Schutz building is now one story
high and the boxing for the second
floor has all been built and will be
poured as soon as the new concrete
hoisting tower is completed.
The new Caples building has begun
to take on definite form and Is not
going to look half as small as some
thought when the hole in the ground
was dug. The Morehouse building ad-
joining the little Caples building on
the west Is now being poured and the
concrete foundation being packed, into
place by the Mexican laborers.
The Missouri street skyline continues
i to change with the downtown line. W.
W. Follett's new apartment house is
now under roof, the Great Texas Realty
company's apartment house Is almost
completed and the second floor of the
Y. W. C. A. building is being built.
On west San Antonio street, George
Look is the first to begin building' and
he is now converting the old Gem
building into a new, cream brick build
ing with stores on the first floor, a
pool, billiard and bowling club in the
basement and furnished rooms on the
second and third floors. As soon as the
street is opened, O. H. Baum has
planned to build a five story business
block just off of El Paso street. The
nw Gem building is now done and the
old buildings In the way of the stre
opening on west San Antonio street
will be torn down Monday.
PIPES AND THINGS
jSo Red Hot Stoves, But
About EYervthiiiff Else
Has Been Taken.
If the city leaves the old Gem. and
Eastern Grill buildings for another
t week before they are wrecked, there
will be nothing left but the walls.
Each night something is taken from
these two buildings and the thieves
even went so far as to steal the taps
off of the running .water pipes, letting
the water flow untal morning.
Lumber, brass fittings and a heating
furnace belonging to George Look, who
is erecting the building across the
street from it, were carried off in broad
The two buildings which' are to be
wrecked were sold to a contractor, but
he Is now thinking of declining the job,
as much of the valuable material in the
two buildings has been carried away.
PUTTING- DOWN NEW
El Paso has the busiest little paving
crew in the southwest. Stanton street
is being converged from a sea of sand
hills to a smooth paved driveway. The
eat sid of the street is now paved for
a part of the way to the internationa'
bridge, and the west side of the street
is being graded to prepare for the pav
North Campbell street is also to be
paved and a majority of the property
owners have signed up for this street.