Newspaper Page Text
Friday, July 8, 1910.
Established AprlL 1S8L The El Paso Hcxaid inciudcs aiso. by absorDtlon and
euccession. The Dally News. The Telegraph. The Telegram. The Tribune.
The Graphic. The Sun, The Advertiser. Th Independent
The Journal. The Kepublican. The Bulletin.
KE2IBER ASSOCIATED PRESS AND AMER. KEWSP. PUBLISHERS' ASSOC.
Entered at the Postofflce In El Pasc. Tex., as Second Class matter.
ZJedJcatea to the service of the people, that ro good causs shall lack a cham
pion, and that evil shall not thrive unopposed.
- . ir
WILLISL.MOORE, chietortne u.a.weatner duimu, u juu iutli a.
letin. on "the influence of forests on climate and on floods," that will
cause a terrific explosion in the camp of the conservationists. Prof.
Moore undertook the investigation at the request of the committee on agriculture
of the house of representatives. In the courseof a congressional hearing Prof.
S'oore stated that there was much difference of opinion over the influence of for
ests on climate and on the run-off of water, but that he was making some inde
pendent investigations that might throw some light on the subject. The investi
gations are now completed, but he reserves the right to "change or modify still
further these conclusions upon the presentation of new facts and figures."
Prof. Moore's views are totally at variance with the views of the majority
of people who are generally counted well informed- His report is so certain to
become the text of many an impassioned appeal to "save the forests" that it is
worth while to outline his course of argument "Conservation," says he, "that
prevents the practical use of individual or national resources is like the economy
f the servant who hid his master's talent in the ground. In every country the
eneral tendency with growth of population is to convert forest lands into culti
rated fields, and this tendency should not be discouraged unless it can be shown
that deforestation has augmented drouths and floods, and I believe that it can
not be so shown. There can be no valid objection to decreasing the area of forests
wliere homes and a well fed people take the place of wildNinimals and the wilder
Even in places, says Prof. Moore, where the soil will not admit of successful
cultivation, and where it may be desirable to conserve the forests, this should be
undertaken by local control and not by the national government.
Prof. Moore declares that climate and rainfall are not affected by forests,
and that the flow of the rivers ir not affected by forests. Decrease in precipita
tion, says he, may be regarded as the cause of deforestation, but never as the re
sult! Whatever climatic changes have taken place have been universal and not
local, and have not been affected in any degree by cutting off the forests. Dead
forests are found the world over, according to Prof. Moore, where man has not
interfered to destroy them or to reduce the water supply. The death of the
forests, according to him, follows and does not precede the diminishing rainfall.
Prof. Moore admits that the forests exert a local climatic influence by re
ducing the evaporation and radiation from the earth's surface and breaking the
force of the winds-. Ee explains the reading of rain gages, showing greater rain
fall over forests than over unforested areas, by declaring that the rainfall meas
urements in unforested areas are less accurate because the winds blow harder
and the gage does not catch a fair proportion of the moisture during precipitation.
Prof. Moore quotes various authorities to sustain his point that the forest has no
influence upon the quantity of rain falling from the clouds. The local influence
of forests or other surface conditions does not extend upward more than 100 01
200 feet, according to Prof. Moore, and no clouds could possibly be affected, since
they invariably nde higher than this surface stratum of the atmosphere. The
erection of a tent, a barn, a house, a village, or a city influences the local climate
in proportion to the area covered. Likewise, the vegetable covering of the earth
may have a local appreciable effect. The flooding of an area, the cutting away
forests, the erosion of the surface may affect the local climate in proportion to
the area covered by the changing condition. "But this does not mean," says Prot.
Moore, "that there is any great difference in the climatic effects between a forest
cover and one of bushes and grass, or one of growing crops."
Data covering 40 years to 100 years filed in the weather bureau show that
instead of a diminishing rainfall in deforested areas there has been little or no
change, tending rather toward, a slight increase than diminution; while in areas
like Kansas and Nebraska, where the plains have been planted with trees quite
freslv during the last 30 or 40 years, the rainfall has neither increased nor dimin
ished' by amounts worthy of consideration. "In New England, where deforesta
tion began early in our history and has been extensive, the mean rainfall since
1S36 shows a steady, though slight, rise, and in the Ohio valley, where the forest
area has been greatly diminished, there is no decrease in rainfall shown by the
Prof. Moore takes a fall out of the "oldest inhabitant," and lays great stress
en the necessity of accurate data before entering upon scientific investigation.
Prof. Moore concludes that "it is probable that forests have little to do with the
height of floods in main tributaries and principal streams, since they occur only
as the result of extensive and heavy rains after the ground is everywhere satu
rated, or when heavy warm rains come on top of deep snows." Prof. Moore
holds that forests are less valuable than cultivated fields to prevent too rapid
run eff and promote absorption and gradual stream flow.
Records in France back to 1615 are cited to show that the average height of
the Seine in flood periods has steadily decreased during 300 years, notwithstand
ing the progressive deforestation. Records in Germany run back 800 years and
over 125 extraordinary floods- The chief of the hydrographic bureau of the
Austrian government, who recently made an exhaustive investigation of the
Danube, concluded that progressive deforestation of the country had had no effect
in increasing the frequency of floods or in augmenting their height.
Prof. Moore discusses the-origin of the rainfall in the United States and con
dudes that most qf it comes from the gulf of Mexico and south Atlantic, and is
iue to great and fundamental natural causes not affected in any appreciable
degree by local variations brought about by changes due to man's activities. Prof.
Moore concludes that the run-off of rivers is not materially affected by any
ether factor than the precipitation and that the precipitation is not affected at all
by the presence or absence of forests. t
Plenty of evidence and argument can be and will be adduced upon the other
side of this important question. Whatever the final conclusion may be the fact
remains thet the forests should be conserved for their own sake as affording a
perpetual supply of building material, fuel, and material for boxing, furniture,
barrels, eta, for which wood is best fitted. The forests should be preserved and
wisely cut like any other productive agricultural crop, and the forests should be so
managed that they will produce the maximum yield of timber.
Moreover, the forests are beautiful. They promote health and comfort, and
they cause the local variation in temperature or climate which really affects the
people to a greater extent than climatic changes extending over a continent. At
least the same reasons exist for conserving the forests at headwaters of streams
as exist for planting trees on the plains or establishing parks and street parking
in cities. Prof. Moore's arguments are interesting, but we hope sentiment
and popular desire will rule in this case, even though science may offer no as
ostance. i n
Trade generally throughout the country is nor as active as it ought to be.
Students of national economics ascribe the comparative dullness to the continued
high prices of commodities, tending to decrease the popular demand. Prices of
commodities, however, are steadily tending downward, and it is said that the cost
of living shows a gradual but steady decrease. A readjustment is going on in gen
eral conditions of trade and manufacturing. Prices will have to be reduced until
the demand is stimulated. This win require a general readjustment of manufac
turing conditions and a curtailing of profits for manufacturers and distributors.
The shrewdest observers in the financial centers pronounce general business
and financial conditions sound, and declare that there is no reason for apprehe
slon of danger, bufrhat the much needed rest which the country is now indulg
ing in will be decidedly beneficial in the long run.
A big baseball tournament is assured for the fair, and it will be open for
the best team to win regardless of-restrictions. The fair management is deter
mined to provide good baseball entertainment, and if the southwestern clubs want
to hire ail the star players of the United States, no objection will be raised.
So far the makers of freak constitutions have not been heard from in the two
territories It is to be hoped that Arizona and New Mexico will adopt model
constitutions that will jiot need continual tinkering, instead of putting into the
constitution a great unwieldy mass of general legislation.
, o .
The success of pumping propositions for irrigation in Arizona and New Mex
ico has been so marked that it is hard to understand why the landowners in this
vaHey have not employed this process on a large scale while "waiting for the
dam." Our loss by this waiting policy has been tremendous.
ri 1.1 i - T . 2 rt4- vr a o TmI 1
H, the long-rivinded bore journeyed into a store, -where the merchant and
clerks were all busy; and he told an old tale that was moldy and stale, and
he made all the listeners dizzv: and 'he hummed and he hawed and lie droned
and he paved, and no one rejoiced at his sally; and the foolkiller came and climbed
onto his frame, and planted him out in the alley. Oh, the orator rose, and he
talked through his nose, and he screeched like a
vane on a steeple; and he pounded the sla.ts of the
REAL LIFE DRAMAS vile plutocrats, and he wept o'er the woes of the
people; and the ills we endure, and the griefs of
the poor, had filled him with sorrow and dudgeon;
then the foolkiljer came and got onto his game, and swatted him once with a
bludgeon. 'Oh, the man who sings bass through a hole in his face insisted all
evening on roaring; he rended the limbs of our favorite hymns his voice nearly
ripped up the flooring; in vain did we hint that he'd do well to sprint, he aid
he would sing "Annie Laurie"; and the foolkiller yelled as the singer he felled,
and buriechis lungs in a quarry.
Copyright, 1910. by George Matthews
N OCTOBER, 1S86." -the well
known writer Larngues began,
"I bought a woman in London
for 18 shillings. It was in Wapplng in
a dirty saloon a hundred yards from St.
Katherlne's wharf, where customers
were mainly sailors and longshoremen.
I had just ordered a glass of Old Tom
when a. man came dangling In leading
behind him a young 'woman with a
wealth of golden hair, dressed in rags,
with -hollow pale cheeks, evidently suf
fering terrible pangs of hunger.
"The man was a tall, lanky fellow,
who smelt of whisky and sawdust. He
had coarse, brutal features and fists
like a gorilla, and his eyes were red
and glassy with drink. He pushed the
woman down on a chair, ordered a
glass of whisky and looked around at
the crowd that filled the filthy room.
"As you may imagine, I had made up
for the occasion, and looked at least as
disreputable as any of the other cus
tomers and not one of them suspected
me of not belonging to the same class
"After having looked us all over as
carefully as his condition would per
mit, the last arrived customer began:
" 'Gents poverty is no crinva. The
woman and me are dying with hunger.
I say it, though it is a disgrace to the
kingdom of England, that for a week
we have not had two pounds of bread
between us. GentsI Look at this wo
man! If you will fill her stomach with
a few slices of pudding, she'll be as
fresh as a blooming rose. She Is for
sale. I can't take care of her.'
J. he men stared at the girl with
greedy eyes, but no one said a word,
for surely not one of them had as much
as five shillings in his pockets, and
they all loved porter, Old Tom and
" 'Oh, go,' said a" longshoreman with
a sallow face. 'I'll buy her when I be
come a banker. All I can do now would
be to hire her till tomorrow. I' offer
" 'Xou are a bloody fool,' roared the
other contemptuously. Come on boys!'
Let me hear anotler bid.'
"No one spoke. I looked at the -young
woman. She was leaning against the
wall, now, and looked like a wild ani
mal run down by the hunters. My
heart filled with pity.
" 'Comrade,' I said I will buy her,
but you will have to name your own
"He looked at me slyly.
" 'By Jove.' he said, I won't let her
go for a penny less than two guineas.
"I was about ready to accept but I
thought that this might not be advis
able among this .tough crowd, so I
made a face at him and said.
" 'tou must be off your nut. Where
would I steal that much money? I'll
give you 15 shillings.
" 'I'll be damned if I let her go for
less than a sovereign.
" 'At last we agreed on 18 shillings
and a bottle of whisky, and I led the
poor creature away. She followed me
as if she had been a slave and my first
act was to buy some decent clothes for
By J. H. Rosng
Reclamation Service Is Saved
Not by Newell or Pinchott, but by Yee Suey, Heap Dam Big Cook.
E. S. Newell, of the reclamation serv
ice, is rather an Important personage up
In "Washington, but pshaw! he is a
camp follower compared with Yee Suey.
Yee Is the trail blazer of the reclama
tion service, for men do not venture
Into the desert without a cook and they
follow only where the smoke of viands
leads them. Yee is the most important
man in the conservation work since
Pinchot got pinched, for on his shoul
ders rests the burden of the big dam.
"Me heap dam big cook," said Yee
when told that he was to be the cook
of the big works. But even when good
fortune smiled her brightest on happy
Yee, that bane of a Chinaman's exist
ence immigration service passed between
Yee and his god. It Is a; rule with the
immigration service that if a China
man look slant-eyed, he is guilty of un
desirability. So while the government
reached out with Its reclamation hand
and handed the Chinaman a peach, it
NOT HIS BUSINESS.
From Phoenix (Ariz.) Democrat.
A Tucson man slept peacefully while
his wife pursued a burglar who had
made off with the sleeper's trousers
containing $150. He did well to sleep.
It was not his affair.
From Miami (Ariz.) Messenger.
El Pago business men have sub
scribed ?10,000 for holding a fajr in the
Pass City this fall. A little attention
to a mining exhibit and a drilling con
test would attract many from Arizona.
ROAD TO EL PASO.
Las Cruces (N. M.) Citizen.
Dona Ana county should lose, no tim
in constructing a good road to the
Texas line- The increased ..ravel be
tween Las Cruces and El i'nso would
.coc-n pay for It, and future benefits
would be great.
From Albuquerque (N. 31.) 3Iorning
The achievement of taking I?0 small
Daily Short Story
her in a neighboring shop.
" 'Are you hungry, madam?' I asked.
"She looked at me with an expression
of such misery that I hurried to a deli
catessen store and had them fill an
oyster basket with all kinds of food of
which she ate half on the way home.
"I took -her with me to my lodgings
In a furnished rooming house in Bow
street, where I set the table and told
her to help herself. She ate up every
thing, roast beef, pudding and bread,
and drank a pint of ale, and I hope I
may never see a human being eat again
as she did.
"Little by little her expression
changed, her ,chceks grew red and her
eyes began to beam with joy.
"Showing her the bathroom, I said to
her, 'Take a hot bath and tidy yourself
a bit, if you like, and put on the
clothes I have just bought for you.'
" 'Thank you,' she whispered, and I
noticed there were tears of gratitude
in her eyes.
"When I came back an hour later
and saw her sitting in my room I was
astonished. She was indeed 'as fresh
as a rose,' as her scoundrel of a hus
band had said. Her heavy golden hair
was neatly washed and combed and
arranged In a braid on top of her head,
her eyes were beaming and her cheeks
even seemed to have filled out.
"She was beautiful as she sat there,
the plain dress revealing the lines of a
perfect figure which even the misery
she had passed through had been un
able to destroy.
" 'Do you still feel faint?' I asked.
'Oh, no,' she said softly. 'I feel like a
new being. I have never felt as well
in alL my life as strong as a young
"I went up to her and took her hand.
My instincts as a man told me to take
what I had bought, .to pick the ripe
fruit fate had dropped Into my lap,
but something held me back and I could
not do it.
" 'You know I have bought you, I
said, 'but of course you are free to go
wherever you please.'
"She turned as red as blood and
stared at me in terror, as If she were
afraid I was going to send her back
to her husband.
" 'Oh, you have paid so much for
me! Eighteen shillings! So much
money I belong to you '
"A wild sense of gratitude made her
" 'You are my master,' she stam
mered. "Her hands clung to mine and I could
no longer resist the appeal. I kissed
her hair, her eyes, her lips.
"I never had any reason to regret ray
bargain. Mabel gave me as much love
as ever Briseis gave the godlike Achil
les. "When I had to leave her to return
to Paris, I bought a fiowershop for her
and business went so well for her that
she was soon quite well off.
"In her last letter, she wrote me, he
had just married a young undertaker,
a jolly good fellow, and was as happy
as a bird with him."
reached out with Its immigration hand
and gave him a lemon. Such business
Yee didn't savvy, and he said so very
frankly as he waited, puzzled and dis
consolate, at the union station Thurs
day morning and saw the train bound
for the dam site camp pull out without
him. At the last moment, a technical
ity bobbed up and engineer Reed and
his corps went cookless into the desert.
At theflrst telegraph station, a tele
gram was sent back to the office of the
reclamation service, stating the awful
hole the service wasVin and the town
was immediattely scoured for Yee Suey.
He was at last found sitting on his bag
gage at the offlcesof the immigration
service, where the necessary formalities
were attended to and the northbound
Santa Fe train . Thursday nirht carried
Yee, and he Tas met at The station
nearest the dam site by the whole camp,
headed by the district engineer. He
was carried to camp and enthroned in
the kitchen, where he will sit in state
and hands out favors. Yee. Suey Is Rex
with a big R, and the whole' camp Is
singing, "God save the king."
boys out to the mountains, and bringing
them back safely probablsjholdsV tli.e
record. It will take sometime, how
ever, to put the mountains first class
repair again. . L. ' -'
IN ALBUQUERQUE f
From Albuquerque (N. M.) Morning
The pumping plant at the water tanks
of an El Paso dairy burned down and
El Paso paragraphers are Inting at a
shortage of the milk crop.' There is
more or less reason, generally speaking,
for apprehending a shortage in the lac
teal supply when the water gives out.
From Carrizozo (N. 31.) Outlook.
We have made numerous typographic
cal errors of late, all of which we sin
cerely regret, and we surely do not
mean to reflect upon our readers' in-
telllgence. We might plead youth and
Ignorance added to carelessness as the
cause, but perhaps one reader's expres-,,
slon as to the editor would be more
fitting, when he said, "You're a tj o
graphical error." .
England Entertains Fears
Over Stability Of "Empire
III. THE BRITISH
LONDON. Eng., July 8. The Brit
ish empire is the British navy.
When that navy is defeated and
the trident of sea dominion is wrested
from Britannia's hands, that day does
the star of empire set for England.
Every Briton knows this to be true
he not only recognizes it as an axiom,
but he feels it to be a part of his
every day life. A child's hat or cap
cannot be sold in England unless it
has a band bearing the name of. some
one of His 3Iajesty's Ships. Anything j
that has to do with the navy instantly
interests every patriotic Briton in a
compelling fashion which is difficult
for Americans to understand. The
hard common sense of the British peo
ple is responsible for this naval en
thusiasm it must not be set down to-
rrHflfnl hi-cfdrin rtr tn ilnp-nkm
TTriT. tlm flr-ch timo olnno "Volc-n-n
fought and died for England at Tra-
falgar, the British rule of the sea Is
questioned and threatenec. That Is
equivalent to saying that the Britisn
empire is in danger of disruption and
extinction. Every human being in the
world would be affected by such an
overwhelming political catastrophe, and
it is worth while to consider the pos-
sibilltles of a British defeat.
England Rules Fifth of World.
The British empire today possesses
one-fifth -of the land area of the world
and rules one-fifth of the human race.
It is the greatest governmental or-
ganization the world has ever known.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Ireland is the motherland and the
captain of the great imperial body,
That kingdom is made up of England,
Wales, Scotland and Ireland, and in
that combination England is the "pre
The British Isles have an area equal
to that of the territory of New 3Iexico,
and a population of 45,000,000, or about
half that of the United States. Two
thirds of this number are Englishmen
and one-third of the whole are suffer
ing in direst poverty.
This tiny country boasts the largest
and richest city in the world, London.
and the greatest manufacturing com
munity on earth, Lancashire. Its navy
is the strongest on the seas, and its
merchant marine Is the largest and
busiest In all the oceans. It has bil
lions of dollars invested in all parts
of the world, and many of its people
live solely on the income of these for
It owns among its colonies the great
self-governing nations of Canada, Aus
tralia, New Zealand and South Africa.
Its king rules the 300,000,000 of people
in India as the successor of the mogul
emperors. It owns and rules smaller
colonies In Asia, Africa and America
and among the islands of the sea. It
. . - i -,- ..- it
ruies, DUt aoes not own, jjjgypt, me - - "-- """
cradle of civilization and the gateway J tomorrow. There would be no warn
between east and west. inS"' only a sharp ultimatum demand
Enlnnd Follows Her Flag. lnS" impossible concessions and then the
Wherever there is a narrow way of I attack. 3Ierchant vessels would be un
iu .-1 oo -r,-i,,-- v,-Q , o I safe, and England's supply of food, it
strait, there Is also the Union Jack
and the red coated British soldier rep
resenting the authority of that central
government at London. Gibraltar,
31alta, Cyprus, Aden. Singapore, Hong
Kong, the Falklands, Jamaica, Trini
dad, the Bahamas, Newfoundland, Van
couver, and the others look them up
on the map.
These things did not come to pass
by accident. They are the result of
that imperial instinct and callous con
science which gives power to take and
heart to hold what may be desirable,
without any regard for the rights,
opinions or interests of others. That
terrible appetite for conquest has been
sated. England desires to take no
more lands. But now comes. Germany,
with instinct as imperial, with con
science as callous, with desire as great,
with need as pressing, and, (who shall
say with less?) as much right.
To defend its vast possessions Britain
depends upon its navy. To defend Its
home and hearth it also has de
pended upon that navy. For a cen
tury the supremacj of that navy and
the security of that hearth and home
have been acknowledged by all the
world. Now they are challenged by
the rise of Germany as a sea power.
What does the challenge mean to Eng
land? Wars Benefit England. (
When France, under the leadership
of the great Napoleon, sought to en
slave Europe, the English lent their
aid to the continental people who
were resisting the Corsican. Nelson
met and defeated the French fleet
After Waterloo, 95 years ago, England
has never been in danger. During
these 95 years the whole fabric of
social and political life of the race has
been revolutionized by the mechanical
inventions of the 19th century.
For many years England enjoyed.
(From The Herald of
A San Francisco dispatch says the
fight between Billy Smith and Billy
Gallahgher was stopped In the first
round by the police. Uoth men started
slugging and the police interfered.
El Pnso will play Midland Saturday.
El Paso will put Panel, Walz, Webber,
Long, Murphy. Sierra, Twltchell, Camp
bell and a new man in the field.
George Bovee won an arc 1'ght bi
cycle race at Waco Sunday night. He
made the mile handicap race in 2:21
and the half mile in 1:11.
Doc Ward has ordered "Poet and
Peasant" for the McGInty band. The
orchestra has had this selection for
some time but the band will play it for
the first time at the next concert.
Fifteen prisoners will be taken east
tonight. Five will be dropped off at the
convict camp at San Ellzario and the
remainder at other camps along the
Mrs. Anna Mallory and daughter re
turned from Mexico City where they
have been visiting friends.
The delegates to the Fireman's con
vention did not receive their trans
portation until this jnorninrji It had
.been sent by Taj- of Zacatacas, Mexico.
Judge C. N. Buckler and family have
gone to California for the summer.
Ed Ten Eyck has returned from
The Democratic national conventiion
is now in session in Chicago. It will
declare for the free and unlimited coin
age of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1.
When writing about the Corralitos
railroad, people are requested to call
It the Rio Grande, Sierra Madre and
almost to the entire exclusion of the
rest of the world, the fcuits of that
great development. Continental Eu
rope was left prostrate by the great
Napoleonic wars and was in no condi
tion, either political or social, to take
advantage of the new era of commerce.
While France struggled to reform itselr
into a nation, while the German states
( were quarreling and bickering with
each other, while Italy was torn by
internal strife, while Russia and Tur
key were at each other's throats, Eng-
j land was building steamships, erecting
factories and making money. America
was yet too young to count.
Then came the Franco-Prussian war
and the treaty of Berlin. These events
fixed the fluid political affairs of con
tinental Europe and left the nations an
opportunity to engage In industry. The
I United States betran ita wnnrlprf ill !ti
dustrial development. About 1880 the
J great commercial and Industrial Eng-
land began to feel the force of com
petition. The. United States and Ger
many were the leaders among the new
Prosperity on "Wane.
Thirty years have gone by, and while
England is still at the head of the
list of exporting nations, it has lost
much ground. It Is no longer prosper
ous. Ireland has less than half the
population It possessed 50 years ago.
ouununu sees every year more or Its
farms turned into game preserves,
Southern and eastern England suffer
: from a terrible agricultural depression,
London is constantly battling with
starvation for a third of Its people
. Only Lancashire and Its cotton mills!
I the Midlands and their iron works,
, Cornwall ana us collieries, the sea
ports and their shipbuilding yards are
still prosperous. The people as a whole
are not so well off as the Germans or
the French, not nearly so prosperous
as the Americans.
German manufactured articles go
forth from German hives of industr-
on berman merchant ships to every
! quarter of the irlobe. In China in
Europe, even In Australia, and in Tn-
dla, the British merchant must meet
every day the keen campetltlon of the
German. The conservative English
man formed his business habits when
there was no competition and he is
loath to change them. The German has
no habits or customs that he will not
abandon to please the whim of even
the smallest customer. The Inadapt
ible Briton Is at last face to face with
the limitations of his own conventions.
Hope Based on Navy.
Bad as conditions have become, seen
from the British standpoint, there is
still hope so long as the navy is 'su-
! Preme. Without the navy there is no
hnnc. Snnnnso Rprmnnv tz.-ora trt afrR-u
I Produces only one-fourth of what it
eats; and of raw material, it produces
less than one-fifth of what It manufac
tures; would be curtailed. Factory or
ders would be canceled and the mills
would close. Food prices would soar
and the one-third on the verge of star
vation would be pushed over.
Suppose the British North sea fleet
would be defeated in battle. Within 24
hours the German Invasion would be
gin. The loyal colonies might weep and
wail, but thej- would be too far away
to offer material aid. Snglish pluck
would resist mightily, but England Is
not prepared to resist lnvasison. The
invaders would triumphantly march
into London. The bankers and money
kings of the city would be at the mercy
of the German eagle. An indemnity of
tremendous amount, larger even than
the billion dollars France was forced
to pay, would be levied.
Capital "Would be Moved.
Within a few weeks England would
be degraded to the position of a third
rate power about like Portugal. The
empire might hold together, subject to
such toll as Germany desired to take,
but its capital would be removed from
London to Ottawa. It would be like the
removal of the Roman capital to Con
stantinople. In time Engiana might
'recover a measure of prosperity, but it
never could hope to be more than a
densely populated island off the coast
of Germany. It is the realization of
the tremendous stake at issue which
causes Englishmen to lie waking In
their beds. Englishmen must and will
pay the price to keep their navy the
strongest, to guarantee their suprem
acy at sea. On the day that Viavy shall
fail the sun will set forever on the
wreck and ruin of the once great Brit
ish empire. '
Tomorrow TV, The Fear of the
this date, 1S96)
Pacific. When talking about it, Cor
ralitos will do.
A festive individual by the name of
"Tammany," whaled the fur out of a
Mexican known as "Segundo" last night
at the Gem. The alcalde punched his
ticket for five pesos In police court
After a lengthy discussion the city
council decided at its regular meeting
to purchase more pipe and sink the ar
tesian well 500 feet deeper. The coun
cil then adjourned.
The Mexican Central railroad Is hav
ing so much freight to haul that it
is making daily Inroads on the Santa
Fe line's rolling stock.
The Boyd dam scheme seems assured.
Five hundred tons of cement have been
shipped from England and the money Is
on the road to pay for the Brazlto grant
The administration building, the post
chapel, the officers quarters and bar
racks at Fort WIngate -rcere burned re
cently. One of the young women bicycle
riders got her skirt caught In the
sprocket of her wheel on a downtown
street today and the young woman took
While digging around in the ruins of
the Schutz building which burned on
July 4, Mr. Parson, ticket agent of the
Southern Pacific, found two silver dol
lars that were In his trunk, which was
burned in the fire.
The First Methodist church gave a
social at the home of W. W. Fink last
Phoenix. Ariz., is boasting of the
cool weather there. For the past week
the temperature has not gone above
Miss Fawn Lippincut has got one '
them newfangled pi-anners an' kin play
William Teil with one foot. TJncle Niles
Turner's nephew is here from th' state o
Washin'ton an' he says th' apples git so
big out ther that they have t' peel 'em
with a sod cutter.
IN? ARRESTS ON
THE CHARGE OF .
(Continued From Page One.
addressed to Grace Jackson, Los An
geles, and wired to officials in Los An
geles to watch for it, where their sus
picions were verified. Grace Jackson
was a name they believed Welch would
have some woman use in claiming the
package- Welch later admitted this
also. The night of her arrest, Ethel
sent a telegram to postoffice box 359,
Los Angeles, and the officers here,
learning the address, wired this infor
mation to Los Angeles. Welch went to
the box for the mail and was arrested.
He was informed that Ethel had be-n
arrested, and, the officers say, he con
fessed at once that he had been smug
gling opium. He was Drought back
here. The officers then took out the
express package addressed to firace
Jackson at Los Angeles and found that
it contained six cans of opium. On
this evidence Ethel was held here.
Welch was held on his own testimony.
That Welch was in the business of
smuggling opium had ben suspected by
the officers, and the confession of Hall
further warranted them, they say. In
watenmg Welch. They knew that
"Welch had. been a frequent caller on
Ethel Johnson, hence they also watched
her. She took dinner wkh Welch down
on San Francisco street the day he -left
for Los Angeles, and a few hours later
put the package In the office addressed
to Grace Johnson, which proved to
contain the six cans of opium.
Arrests Far Off.
, The Atlantic City and Atlanta. Ga,
3rrests were both made on information
obtained here by the officers that opium
was being sent to hte men under sus
picion. In each Instance, the contraband
drug was captured. In Atlanta, Chls
holm, was arrested in the express of
fice as he took out a package of opium
from El Paso.
The capture of Hall by the officer
followed the arrest of Stevenson
In El Paso. The officials arrested
Stevenson on a Monday, and the next
day Hall started for California from
El Paso. He stopped at the express of
fice and left a grip, and started to the
train with two others. This excited
suspicion, especially since VStevenson
and Hall were known to be friends.
Hall's arrest followed. The grip he had.
put In the express office was addressed
to Stevenson, but proved only to be
clothing of Stevenson's, which he was
expressing, but the two grips carried by
Hall did not contain clothing alone.
Then Hall tolH the officials all he knew,
and their suspicions about others were
confirmed, they say, and the arresta
began t fllow thick and fast.
Stevenson was working at the Oak
land race track, it is stated, for a time.
A Chinaman in business in C.
Juarez has been implicated, accord
ing to Hall's confession, but he is out of
reach of the officers, being in Mexico.
It is decided positively that no
body connected with the Juarez races
was mixed up in any way in the confes
sion or in any of the arrests, as ru
Twenty Cans Selzetf.
The Immigration men nought the?
had another opium smuggling sensa
tion Thursday night, when they seized
20 cans in a bush near the river bank.
Two Mexicans were seen in the vicinity
and were arrested and "'d - n "
hut released today. The opium was
found under a coat, as It recently
covered up. The confiscated opium will
be destroyed by court order later. It
was worth about 570.
For El Paso and vicinity: Tonight
and Saturday partly cloudy weather.
For New Mexico: Tonight generally
fair, cooler southeast portion; Satur
day generally fair and cooler.
For West Texas: Tonight and Satur
day partly cloudy weathef.
River at El Paso: No water running.
Leesburg dam: No water running over
Highest temperature at El Paso last
24 hours, 97 degrees; lowest lost 12
hours, 73 degrees. (Temperature taken
at 6 a. m. yri4axf.
CloiUkBroCt NI.. July 3, 9 a. m.
Weath2c tsUf1 24 hours. Cloudy,
light seuthlad, Maximum tempera
ture, lit' mlafcKua, 48. Precipitation,
seNbiLASiSxsR IN city.
C. m. Mlehgirtorekeeper of the
Nacozart pep5f?cwnpany at Nacozarl.
Sonora, Xexice, IsjatUhe Sheldon, com
ing her, (HbHS&ise for the company.
Mr. Melch-jeTaffwner resident of El
Paso, bur 'hneeiiv I n Sonora several
year. . Jla J
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