Real Estate, Classified and Too-Jate-to-Glassify Ads,
or Pages " 14 and 15.
Rsal Estate Classified and Too-Late-to-Classify Ads.
on Pages 14 and 15:
RENE BACHED BUDGET.
COMPOSITE OF ODD PEOPLES IN ARIZONA AND
The Hopi and Their Picturesque Ceremonials Awatobi,
The Lost Town Navajo Sheep Kings Villages
Built Like Bee Hives The Havasupai of
Cataract Canyon. . .
Washington, July 23. The two states.colonists were killea. the rest of the
attio -Tri Xft-w Mexico, contain tne
most picturesque aggregation of Queer
peoples to be found anywhere in Isorth
America. A large proportion of the
population is Mexican, or of Spanish
descent particularly in Xew Mexico,
where the proceedings of the territo
rial legislature were printed, until witn
in recent years, in both Spanish and
English and ihere are several very in
teresting -tribes of aborigines, who live
today pretty much as they did in pre
historic times, before Columbus landed
on this continent.
In northeast Arizona are the MoW,
who, bv the way, object to that deslg
nation,whIeh 4n their language means
"dead ones." It seems to have had its
origin In a smallpox epidemic, many
years ago which wiped out a large
part of the tribe. They call themselves
Hopi. which signifies peaceful People.
The Hopi today number about -OOU.
and occupy seven towns, which are built
f t T,i sun-dried mud bricks, m
a style of architecture that has been .
likened to beehive consurucnuu
village being a sort of apartmentl house
on a large scale, to which new suites
of rooms are added as required b7 In
crease of population. They are an ag
ricultural people, raising corn, beans, .
melons, and the finest peaches in the
world these last obtained originally
from the Spaniards.
A composite folk, they are split up
into clans which see mto have been
originally derived from wideiy sepa
rate geographical sources a portion of
them from Utah. Some of the clans
have traditions which make them out
to be descendants and present-day rep
resentatives of the early cliff dwellers
whose architecture and mode of life
they have substantially preserved,
though now transferred, thanks to
greater security against hostile and
predatory tribes, to the plains.
The Hopi are remarkable for their
elaborate religious ceremonials. They
are sun-worshippers. The orb c day,
from their viewpoint, is the great god.
who causes their crops to grow. In mid
winter of every year, about the 22nd of
December, they hold a sort of pious fes
tival, the object of which is to bring
back the sun from the south. It is a
wonderful drama, in which the gods are
SrrmoT-soriaAed by actors grotesquely
masked and costumed and the theme
of the play is the journey of the solar
divinity to the south and his battle "with
powerful devils who seek to prevent his
return. Eventually, of course, the dev
ils are overcome, and he comes back
triumphant. " .
Corresponding to this midwinter cer
emonial is the midsummer snake dance,
about which so much has been writ
ten. The object of this dance is. to pro
pitiate the gods which control the
-atp- supplv water In that dry region
being the prime need. The rain god is
a great snake: lightning snakes are
associated with tempests, and the whole
original conception of water and its
origin has to do with serpents. Hence
fthe importance of the religious per
formance in question, the most striding
feature of .which consists in gathering
a large number of rattlesnakes and bull
snakes, which are held between the
teeth of the men who take part in the
ceremonj-, and otherwise toyed with
ito be "finally et at liberty on all sides
of the town, with the notion that they
will crawl away to the various points
of the compass and get rain. How the
participants In the ceremony escape
the snakes fangs ds an unsolved prob
lem. The Pueblo Rebellion.
Religion plays so large a part in the
lives of the Hopi that even the dolls
given to the children to play with rep
resent gods, elaborately painted and
costumed. Naturally, wnen tne eariy
Spanish missionaries tried to introduce
Christianity in the tribe, trouble arose,
which Jiad much to do with bringing
about the great Pueblo rebellion of 16S0.
This rebellion, in which all the Pueblo
Indians took part, including the Hopi
of Arizona and the Zuni of New Mexico,
was so far successful that more than
20 missionaries and about 200 Spanish
ASK YOIXR GROCER
Arctic or Matador
Brand Lard Compound, the Pure
El Paso Eefining Co.,
El Paso, Texas.
Scott & Thornton's
Everything For Men
215 San AntonioSt.
The Ei Paso Bofiie
and Junk Company
1505-9 San ntonio St.
Dealers in old iron, copper, brass, lead,
zinc, rubbers, sacts and Dottles.
whites being driven out
The survivors, colonists and soldiers,
maue Lneir way to -Santa Fe, the terri
torinJ cnnttoi oi o..i... - .- ...
old governor's palace, which they con-
verted into a fort. Thf ku,uo- ,
Ctc rrnvarnn'c- -.nln..n .lt .i
D . v,.UVri. o paiace, WIllL'II iney con-
erted into a fort. This bulldlnir. so
Interesting from an historic point of
view, still stands, and was recently
turned over to the School of American
Archaeology. A sortie by the garrison
resulted in the killing of a large num
ber of the Indians and the capture of a
feyr score, who were promptly hanged
In the plaza of the town, after which
the Spaniards made their way down
the Rio Grande to Juarez. The people
of the pueblo3 enjoyed Independence
for a few years, but were reconquered
in 1692 by the Spaniards under Diego
de Vargas, aftr much bloodshed.
One of the Hopi towns at that time
existing was called Awatobl. It had
about S00 Inhabitants, the tribe in those
days being much more numerous than
it is at present. It is represented to
day by a huge heap of ruins, and tradi
tion trills that it was destroyed by seven
other -Hopi villages, which, combined to
attack it. Its people had shown an in
clination to accept the Christian ralth,
and two or three seasons of serious
scarcity or rain suggested the idea
that Awatobi was a municipal Jonah,
u iu sjjea.t. at was declared to be a l
city of sorcerers, and doom was pro
nounced against it.
The Nlgrht Attack.
The attack was made unexpectedly
at night, when most of the men were
engaged in a religious ceremonial in a
great underground chamber, called a
"kiva." The ladder, by which access to
the chamber .was gained, being plucked
up from above, those inside could not
possibly escape. The assailants threw
down lighted bundles of greasewood and
soon the place below was a mass of
flames. Ked peppers, for which the vil
lage was famous, hung in thick clusters
outs'de of the houses. These the at
tackers crushed in their hands, flinging
them into the fire to further torment
the burning men. The rest of the in
habitants were afterwards massacred
near the gate of the town, only the
children being allowed to live.
Such is the story as preserved by, the
Hopi. In order to find out wlietner it.
was true or not, Dr. Walter Fewkes, of
the government bureau of ethnology,
made extensive excavations at Awatooi
not long ago. He tound the underground
chamber, the bottom of which was cov-
ered with great quantities of human I
Donc; and tnere was alpo a great heap j
ui miinan Dones near tne , gate of the,
itown 3cher.. the-massacre is said
have taken place. Thus It'-woold
pear that the account of fhe tragic
The Zuni Indians.
The Zuni, in New -uexico.. dwell in
much the same manner as the Hopi, oc
cupying similar towns of stone and sun
baked mud, and getting a living mainly
by agriculture. Nevertheless, tney are
not In any way related to the fiopi,
and even speak a different language.
It is the .influence of environment that
is accountable for the surface likeness
between the two tribes. The Zuni have
only one pueblo for permanent occu
pancy, called Zuni, which is supple
mented by three small farming villages
for summer use.
Like the Hopi, the Zuni, who number
about 1,400 souls, are a composite, made
up of many clans, some of which are
supposed to have come originally from
Mexico. Like the Hopi, also, they raise
and weave a native cotton, and are
expert in the weaving of blankets. The
early Spaniards marveled at the kilts
(resembling towels in shape, embroider
ed on the edges) woven by the Hopi
and Zuni. Manv other tribes of Indians
over a wide extent of territory depend
upon the Zuni and Hopi for supplies of I
such woven product?. I
People usually build their houses of I
t.h materials nearest at hand. In that
region the soil Is of such a clayey con
sistency as to be easily molded into
large bricks. The sun dries the bricks,
which, are put in place and plastered
over with a coating of "more of the
same" mud. The plastering is applied
with the hand, covered with a sort of
leather mitten. It is a fact worth men
tioning, by the way, that, among the
! 7n! inri "Hnrvi. thA women own the
I linmra oTlfl fill the 1l
house and all the household belongangs.
"When a voung man marries, he goes to
h!? -wife's home to live. If he does not
behave himself properly, she can turn
him out, telling him to "go back to his
The Navajo Blankets.
The Navajo learned their, famous art
of blanket making from the Hopi and
Zuni. Their reservation, in northeast
Arizona and northwest New Mexico, is a
vast tract, covering about 8,000,000
ai-3 Thrmsrh one of the most numer
ous of our Indian tribes, the Navajo.
mimhcrinir nprh.ans 20.000. are almost
lost in this Immense. area. They, dwell j
in earth lodges, called "hogana." which
being of the same color as the soil, are
not easily seen at a distance. It Is often
hard to find their villages, which are
movable, the Navajo being pastoral and
They are very rich in sheep and
horses. Of the former they own some
thing like 1,500,000, and all of . these
sheep are the property of the women of
the tribe. From them is obtained the
wool which -the women use for weaving
the ' famous blankets, which are the
warmest blankets in the world, and
nrartifnilv Indestructable. Imitations
of them are manufactured in the east, j
nowadays In large quantities. A good ,
Xn.va.io blanket will commonly weigh
20 pounds, and wJll.ll for $2 a pound, j
The Navajo are very Intelligent, In
dustrious and excellent laborers in j
'which capacity large numbers of them
were employed at high wages dn build-
ing the Santa Fe railroad acros the Mo- j
jave desert. Among them, are many
clever silversmiths, whose products are
widely sought. Perhaps the most
curious of their customs relates to the
motherinlaw, who is not allowed under
any circumstances to speak to her -son-inlaw.
On his part, he must never look
at his motherinlaw lest he suffer blind
nes in consequence.
Injustice to ApacheH.
Of the same stock with the Navajo J
first cousins, one might call them are
the Apaches. Notwithstanding their
reputation for ferocity and cruelty,
there has been no trouble with them
since Geronimo and his outlaw band
were rounded up in 1SSG. On the con
trary they are progressive, and have
proved most useful as laborers on the
great irrigation works of the Salt 'River
valley, in Aizona-
'r.inau'B'tlc'e has been done to the
es. -'.There has- probably never.1
an,-Jtfft bVbreak by
them that was
ted by the whites.
The territorial grand jury of Arizona
once declared that the administration of
thelr affairs by .he civil authorities""(be- I
fore the wa" department took holdi of
them) had Leen so bad and corrupt that
they coujd hardly be blamed for any
thing they had done. The whites killed
them whenever they had a chancel and
they responded In kind.
There are four or five other trioes of
minor importance albng" the Colorado
river. One of them, the Havvasupai,
Family Opposes His
e&ding To FjlcIi
Prince Antoine Rntlzivvcll and his bride, who Tins 311ms Dorothy Deacon,
daughter of Edward Parker Deacon, before her marriage to the prince on July
5th. The bridegroom's family wns conn'uciious bj Its absence nnd the marringc
took place In the face of determined opposition o'f his mother and despite her
absolute refusal to attend.
Gladness comes with, a better under
standing of the transient nature of the
many physical ills which vanish he
fore proper efforts gentle efforts
pleasant efforts rightly directed and
assisted by the pleasant laxative rem
edy Sj'rup of Figs and Elixir of Senna.
Its beneficial effects are due to the
fact that it is the one remedy which
promotes internal cleanliness without
debilitating the organs on which it
acts. To get its beneficial effects al
ways buy the genuine manufactured
by the California Fig Syrup Co.
Produce thick, luxuriant hair vrhen nil
ether remedies fall. We suarantce
Uanderlne. All Druggists, 25c, 59c ead
1, or vend tbix Ad with 10c (stamp or
silver) for a lsrsre free assplc.
KKOWLTOX DAXDEKINX C-..
numbering about 175, Is tucked away
Grand Canyon of the Colorado. It Is
agricultural and progressive. . Take
Into account a very large number of
Mormons who have settled in Arizona
within recent years, and the roster of
mixed peoples in that region Ls practic
AMTIB Ef IEET1G
ATTEND CAMP 3IKCT1NG.
Automobile Arrives From Memphis,
Tenn. Miners Back From Pros
pecting Trip General
Valentine, Tex., July 23. Dr. and
Mrs. George B. Graves and D. R. Pierce
j are attending the Skillman grove camp
Lester S. Smith has purchased a
Jackson automobile of J. M. Geist, of
Memphis, Tenn. The car was brought
overland from Memphis.
"W. TV. Jones and J. M. Geist and son,
of Memphis, Tenn., are visiting at the
home of Mr. and Mrs. P. M. Craver.
Mr. and Mrs. A. TV. Price, of Hoi-
land valley are visiting their daughter,
Mrs. L. S. Smith.
Mr. and Mrs. C- T. Gooch and little
daughter, from Holland's valley, are
visiting at the home of Mr. and Mrs.
B. G. Parker.
Rev. Milligan, of Alamo, and Mrs. L..
G. Hall and daughter Lillian, of Tan
Horn, are in Valentine en route to the
Skillman grove camp meeting. '
H. G. Medley and family are camp
ing at "Skillinan grove. ' Misses Mary
J Smith, Anna Gorman and Miss Cora
Cavender are their guests.
Joe McLean and son Will have ro-
turned from a Prospecting trip to Pla-
M. O. Walling, agent for" the G. H. &
S. A., and sisters. Dr. Bessie and Miss
Effie Walling, are visiting in EI Paso
Charles Cassidy has returned from
Chicago, where he has been in the in
terests of his Mexico mines, j
Mis; Zella Pierce, of Holland valley.
is visiting Miss Lillian Smith
WHAT THE CHICAGO TIMES-HERALD
THINKS OF OSTEOPATHY AND ALSO THE GOVERNORS OF SEVERAL
STATES WHO HAVE SIGNED BILLS MAKING IT LEGAL, IN SPITE OF
THE BITTER OPPOSITION OF THE MEDICAL ASSOCIATIONS.
"Osteopathy holds laurels for the stu
dent, ana for" the practitioner, not equal
ed, in my judgment, in any other field on
earth. Osteopathy is the opportunity of
HOX. J. GROUT,
Governor of Vermont, when the Os
teopathic bill passed the Legislature
in his State, said:
"Osteopathy has been tried by the
leading men and women of our State and
the3' all testify to its merit. We will
give it a chance."
HOX. L. . SHAW,
Governor of Iowa, who signed the
Osteopathic bill in that State, said:
"I have heard a great deal about vs-
teopath3' and talked with a great many
who have taken Osteopathic treatment
and I am fully convinced that it is a
rational svstem of healing."
HOX. B. lUcMILLAX,
Governor of Tennessee, who signed
the Osteopathic bill in that State,
"The bill leoliznng Osteopathy- in this
State passed both Houses almost unani
mously. It is one of the greatest dis
coveries of the times."
GOV. EDWIX C. SMITH,
Governor of Vermont, is an ardent
admirer of Osteopathy.
"My experience with Osteopathv has
been very gratifying. It should be le
galized in every State in the Union."
America's w ell known ' writer and
editor of Carter's Monthly,
"M3- attention was first called to Os
teopathy of a friend whose wife was
j ?ured J insanity
Closely followmsr. I
knew of a prominent business man wfco
was cured of paralysis. It .regenerated
nie. 1 have added reading to observa
tion and I honestly believe it to be one
of the most wonderful discoveries of anv
age.' I would recommend any man.-not
too old, who is dissatisfied with his pro
fession I jyould advice every young phy
sician to studv Osteopathy.""
EX-GOV. WM." F. DILLIXGHAM.
Of Vermont, was an active advocate
for legislative action. He said:
THE SUMMER TIME
Is the best time to take Osteopathic treatment. Spine is more relaxed. The A. T. Still-
Osteopathic Infirmary has never in its history had such a run as no-iar in summer.
Because they have been curing the Blind, Deaf, Bronchial, and Lung Troubles, Paralysis, j
Liver Troubles a!nd Indigestion, Bright's Disease, Blood Poison, Spinal Menengitis,'
Rheumatism and all manner of diseases by the-score.
For it is just as easy to loosen the-nerves to that -old Ever, lungs, kidneys, heart, stomach
and make the blood take the stagnant blood out .and heal them up again as it is to free the
nerves to those blind eyes that we have cured so-Tnany of.
'For in the blood is the life of all Flesh" andthere is no other 'way to-make it -circulate
and reach the spot like Osteopathy. That is why we have cured six thousand and only
lost six. -
These four blind people were restored to sight by Dr. Ira W. Collins at Dr. A. T. Still Osteopathic Infirmary, by pushing ths
vertebra back and loosening the nerves to the eyes after sixte en specialists in Texas' and California had failed on them, and
the entire Medical Association of Texas had pronounced them hopeless when they met here in El Paso. It all shows you
wuiiul pusu muse veneuiue uuujt auu cure
Rev. J. C Roberts said -when we cured j the nerve to kidneys and it will help
his son of spinal meningitis that it was you at first, but will cause a cancer
convincing and the evidence was so after awhile. For that is what killed
overwhelming that any unprejudiced E. II. Harriman, the railroad million
person could not help but accept the aire.
faet that Osteopathv, is the only short
route to relief in spinal meningitis. But ! . H family was broken hearted when
in appendicitis it is just as easy to free I
nerve to the appendix and force
sta-nant blood and builds up cell life
and heals it up. for it is the blood that
miwt teed everything 'and tnere is no
other wa' to heal diseases.
You can whip up the blood by taking
mineral waters, but you will exhaust
what little strength you have left in
The place that killed E. H. Harriman.
ne nerve to tne appendix aim iorcu 1 - . ------ --- ---------
;.,if; !,,- i it. nhsnrhs the"he sPine and they realized the Osteo-
UbL Hi I iv 3?
DR. IRA W. COLLINS, Physician in Chief.
"I have employed practitioners of that
school to treat members of my family
and have been particularly pleased with
results. I firmly believe that this prac
tice is based on scientific principles, and
is an advance on medical science."
HOX. H. P. PLXGREE,
Governor of Michigan, who signed
the bill legalizing Osteopathy in that
State, said after a thorough and
careful official investigation:
"Osteopathy is a science entitled to
all respect and confidence as a distinct
advance in medicine. I know that it is
doing a vast amount of good in relieving
suffering and deformity that is not
amenable to benefit from drug medicine."
HOX. T. A. BRTGGS.
Governor of Xorth Dakota, when im
portuned by the Medical Board not
to sign the "bill legalizing Osteopathy
in his State, said:
'Osteopathy has helped me. It has
also done good in my family and will
hurt no one. The bill has passed both
Houses and I will sign it."
HOX. JOHX P. ALTGELD,
Governor of Illinois, after taking
several months' treatment and hav
ing his wife treated, said:
"I am indebted to Osteopathy for
great good to both Mrs. Altgeld and my
self. When -.prescriptions and drugs were
as ineffectual as empty words ,it came
to our rescue and did what other things
had ailed to do. Honor those to whom
honor is due." -HOX.
JOHX R. TAXXER,
Governor of Illinois, who signed the
bill legalizing Osteopathy in that
"The State Medical Beard has been
fighting the Osteopaths long enough.
There is no doubt in my mind tha't Os
teopathy" will reach and cure many
chronic troubles that medicine would
have lrtole or no effect on. This, is testi
fied to by men and women inthe highest
walkft of life and from all over-the State
MRS. W. M. SPRIXGER,
Wife of Congressman Springer aft
erwards Chief Justice- of the Court
a person oy poisoning mem.
;, "" uu"ul.3 ,u u:w"! uum.
1 'them it all came from rheumatism of
paths could have cured him easily if
; i;itv 11:111 ruui lu mum in liiuu.
In blood poison it is sq easy 'to free
the nerve and let the blood carrvthe
poison out of the system just like we
did in that case of old rusty nail in
There is not half as much poison on
an old rusty nail as there is in a dose
of calomel. And the system often throws
the calomel out and the patient cets well
r ,:f., f .. ;,.,. !,. .r .i
ui F.it i u.. wUiQ, -ugu m.-j
lose about 200 patients to every thou
sand, while Osteopathy only loses one
The barbarians in the Philippine
islands who beat on tin pans and thus
excite the circulation in the patient, cure
a much larger percent of their patients
than drusr doctors, for the after effect
of the drug is so deadly, because it
TILL OSTEOPATHIC IM.
r of Appeals, Indian lerntory:
"I can never say enough in praise of
Osteopathy. It relieved me from un
bearable invalidism. I have seen it ds
the same for scores of others. I believed
before I tried it that it was a scientific
methodand now I am convinced that
Osteopathy is rational, scientific and
wonderful. It will be the greatest bless
ing to the world."
WOT MASSAGE OR SWEDISH
Xo; it is not massage; it is not Chris
tian Science; it is not Swedish move
ment. It may use some movements sim
ilar to other systems, but is based upon a
different theory and is essentially dif
ferent. v Its practitionera are trained to
diagnose the case, as well as treat it. The
masseur, Who does riot know how to
diagnose, treats -the case, that the Doc
tor, who does not know how to treat
has diagnosed. That is one difference.
The Osteopath, seeks the cause at
some particular point, the masseur, or
Swedish operator, gives a general siamu
lating treatment, and does not recognize
the possibility of apinal lesions, or cer
tain other mal-adjustments which, the
Osteopath has been trained to find and
HOW WE TREAT.
The treatment is chiefly by mean3 of
manipulation; but diet, hot and cold, ap
plications, antiseptics, exercises, carefuij
nursing, and such hygienic meais as axo
available to all schools of practice are'
used. There is no exposure of the bodyvi
except in such examinations as.aH schools
of practice nnd necessary to locate dis
WOT TOO SEVERE.-
The Osteopath adjusts his treatment
to the state of his patient as every other;
physician does. very young ' children,
feeble or aged people may be treated, iJS
with .proper care, witih great benefit- A3
patient may feel worse after a treat-,
meet, yet be benefitted in the long run4
He may feel worse, and, something else,
may be respqnsible; but an Osteopathia
treatment does not injure t&e mostnieli-
makes double the amount "of poison to
b6 carried out of the system that the
disease makes. t
The heathens of India who worship
poisonous serpents have about the same
percent of losses that the American pois
All chronic diseases, such as cancers
and tuberculosis are initnnm. ,-.
where drugs are used
matter what he -disease is it must
first congest the nerve at the spine
before it can stop the circulation.
So it is impossible to have anv dis
ease without, congestion at the "spine.
Just feel your own spine and see for
yourself. Andsthese restored blind peo
ple that all the medical doctors of
Texas at their .issrvofiKir. mt-z t
; v, V Trt 7" " , uere
" .r " """""" ":uraoie proves
mat ail the poisons in th wn,w
poisons in the world nnlr
whip up" the circulation for the time
and make you worse afterwards, and
that -they never can push these verte
brae back by poisoning vou.
That is why. as the records show, w
ha,e cured 6G00 and 01113- lost; six pa
tients. Throw your prejudice aside and trj
it and it will do the rest.
and El Paso Streets, EL PASO, TEXAS.
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