Newspaper Page Text
EDITORIAL AN MAGAZINE PAGE
Tuesday, 'August 2, 1910.
EL PASO HERALD
Established. April. 1881. The El Paso Herald intrudes mso. by absorption and
succession. The Dally News, Tne Telegraph. The Telegram, The 1 rioune.
The Graphic, The Sun. The Advertiser. Tho Independent
Tne Journal. The Republican. The Bulletin.
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Entered at the Postoffice in El Paso. Tex., as Second Class matter.
Dedicated to tho service of the people, that no good cause shall lack a cham-
nion, and that evil shaU not th?i e unopposed.
The DaiJy Herald is issued'slx days a week and the Weekly Herald is published
every Thursday, at El Paso. Texas; and the Sunday Mail Ldiuon is also
sent to Weekly Subscribers.
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rIly Herald, per month, 6c; per year. $7. Weekly Herald, per -
The Dally Herald is delivered ay carriers In El Paso, .cast 1 P-ao. ort
Bliss and Towne. Texas, and Ciudad Juarez, Mex.co, at 60 cnionUi.
A subscriber desiring the address on his paper changed will piease state
In his commumi.it!on berth the old and the new address.
Subscribers fai-lng to get The Herald promptly should call at t office r
tcJcnhW No. 115 before 6:3o p. m. All complaints will receive prompt attention-
The Herald bases
all adverti sing
contracts on a
more Than twice
the circulation of
any other El
gj hii vv w
R A .-!.&!
k. AcJ-tikw h examinee and certmed to
the cxicul&noa of this pubheahon. 1 he dctci
report of faeh examination it on file at the
New York oce of the AaodaJlocL No
ether Seeres of circulation guaranteed.
New iiexico or
west Teras pa
per. Daily average
Via titi' .......
The Little Farm Well Tilled
THE average wheat proaucnon per acre m wiwauy tu. .lU6
double the average In the United States. The highest average in this country
is found in tfew England, and the lowest in the so-called wheat belt. In the
west we are apt to run to acreage rather than to intensive cultivation. One farmer
in Illinois has grow 114 bushels of corn to the acre; the methods he uses are
available to every farmer in the country, but the national average is only a frac
tion of this fanner's rate of production.
It is a mistake, especially in an irrigated region, to try 'to cultivate too much
land. Thorough cultivation of a small tract, careful selection and rotation or crops
will be more profitable than spreading out over more acreage than the farmer can
properly care for. . ,,.
In this valley, owing to the high initial price of land, we shall have to come
to the small home farm of ive to 20 acres. The land should be improved now and
Sot under crops, even though it be necessary to instal pumping plants, for only
in this way will the owners be in position to enjoy the profits that will come with
the completion of the big dam.
New Mexico wool is bringing top prices in the market. The wool industry of
the new state will become increasingly important Large storage warehouses will
follow, in order to enable growers to Control their prices better, and then will come
the factories. The southwest should develop factories in every staple line m which
the raw materials can be had under favorable conditions.
DRILLERS for the ice company at Alamogordo passed through one stratum of
water at 25 feet, and at 60 feet they struck, in coarse gravel, a heavy flow
of water which rose in the pipe to within three feet of the surface.
This is trueartm water, even ttiough it does not flew out on the surface
of the ground. The pumping cost is reduced to almost nothing when the water
rises this-way. The strike is of immense importance to Alamogordo and that
entire vicinity. ' . . ,
The s-J in the Alamogordo valley for many miles m all directions is exceed
ingly rich and only needs water to make it highly productive. With water power
in'the nearby mountains to be converted into electric energy for pumping purposes,
permanenfabundant water rising to three feet of the surface, and an ideal climate,
that section should become a highly developed fruit 'and truck producer. -
The main thing in adopting a constitution for the new states is to confine them
to fundamental principles and leave them free from general legislation. They
should he of a sort that can be adopted with few dissenting votes. A constitution
is not a fit subject for partisan dissension, but should be made the concern or all
the people. There must be some things on which even the party -leaders m the
territories can agree.
Stick To die Staple's
A' GOOD thing for valley horticulturists to remember is not to plapt too many
varieties. Fruit nowadays is handled by the carload in the important mar
kets and buyers are apt to reject mixed cars. There is no reason why an
orchardist should try to grow more than four or five choice varieties of apples, for
instance, maturing at different periods.
The one thing, more than all others, that has held this valley back has heen
the comparative small quantities produced at any one time of any one commodity.
This is the secret of the failure of the valley farmers to displace California pro
ducts in tie markets of the southwest. The middlemen must deal in quantities
id they must know where and when the goods are coming forward to fill their
It will be a good scheme to send a carload of representative El Pasoans to
Chicago and St Louis to advertise the resources of this section among the leaders
in all kinds of business. A better plan yet would be to bring those same leaders
down-here on a personally conducted excursion. Even if it cost $10,000 to hring
20 men here for a few days' visit it would pay, and at least -$500,000 would be
invested here as a result of the trip.
Oil In West Texas
THE oiL field in west Texas is undoubtedly one of the most extensive in the
country. Oil has been found 30 miles east of Pecos, 15 to 20 miles west of
Toyah, and in between, indicating that the oil belt runs at least 50 miles
across the country; how far it extends north and south is wholly problematical, al
though oil has been f ojmd all the way from Santa Rosa on the head waters of the
Pecos southerly far into the interior of Mexico in the same- general formation.
In most cases so far oil has been found in wells drilled for water. There has
been comparatively little development work carried on by practical oi lmen in any
part of the field. This movement, however, is now well under way and it looks as if
within the next five years we were to have an opportunity of finding out just
what the value of our oil resources may be.
Gold mining in the Mogollon mountains of New Mexico continues to' prosper.
There are some of the richest gold mines in the country inthat section, and they are
gradually passing into strong hands. New Mexico's mining outlook is exceedingly
bright. The territory needs thorough and capahle advertising in order to bring in
abundant capital and practical mining men.
- . o
Dr. Crippen's companion was dressed as a boy, but she tucked up her badly
fitting suit with a safety pin, and it was the captain of the ship who first noticed
the feminine attachment. All their luggage 'was one small suit case, though the
doctor told how he was taking his boy to California for the winter. It is curious
that the United States has on hand at the samejtime twocasesof terrible crimes
committed in foreign countnrAcan&Cici3ffiK who 'killed his wife in
land. British courts do not tnmjwitli
the chances of escape that he wot
to subscribe for
The Herald should
beware of lmpos
, ters and should
not pay money to
anyone unless he
can show that he
is legally author
ized by the El
. A. A
- - -A T7norlaTi -?c TTinrP than
cjjMlnals - adChippaft,sq'4if,e
U walts Denatured
H, his heart is sore as he does his
abssmal brute is a diMnu.1 plute. lor money wont heal ins umi,. ."u.
haps lie grunts as he does his stunts, when his brow with sweat is damp;
.J, .w e- .-..
,cAh, I might have died in a glod of pride, as the undefeated champ I q j. 'V
away from that fateful fray, and hoed in my onion patch, I might have strolled.
through the worldtill old, and never huve met my mateh. But
FARMER the dopes-ters came, and they said; 'The game is doomed if you
JEFF donx come back!" So I left mv squash and my succotash, and
my branv alfalfa stack. And I 'tried, to feel that my thews of
steel were good, as they were of yore; but alas! one poke from that dingy smoke,
and I1 'saw that my youth was o'er!" and. a lesson we in this tale may see, ana
i.iis.fp if iniflp nut halsr if we et too ira.v when we're old. and gray, we're apt to
have broken -slats. Jf we lend our ears to
-j - j. i- -..-tH.
Copyright, 1910. by George Matthews
By Anton Tschekoff.
IT was a stormy November night. The
old banker walked restlessly up and
down the floor of his library. His
thoughts went back to a night fifteen
years before, when he had given a
Around his table were sitting learned
nnH noblf men whose thoughts and aims
,had always been to -further the progress
of humanity. Conversation driiteu irora
one subject to another and at last the
subject Of capital punishment was
brought up. Several of the guests
thought it shouild be abolished and im
prisonment for life made to take its
"I cannot agree with you." said the
host. "I have neither tried one nor the
other, but I "think capital punishment Is
more just and more humane than im
prisonment for lire. The one kills the
criminal instantly, the other inch by
"Both are to be equally condemned,"
said one of the guests, "for both take
away from a man his life and you have
no right to take from a man what you
cannot give ba"Ck."
Among the guests was a young law
yer of twenty-five, w,ho had remained
silent and merely listened to the ar
guments of the others. Now he sud
denly said: "Yes both capital punish
ment and imprisonment arc bad. but
given the shoice I woultl choose im
prisonment. To live even, if only like a
plant, is better than not to live."
"No," cried the banker,ji."I bet two
million rouples you would not let me
put you in a cell for five years of your
own free will."
"If you are in earnest," said the law
yer, "I take the bet, though not for
"five but for fifteen years." yy v-
"Accepted;" exclaimed the banker.
"Gentlemen I bet two millions against
the fifteen years. " '
"Accepted," said the lawyer, "your
millions against my freedom."
And thus this Insane bet began. .
Now that the fifteen years -had almost
passed the banker asked himself: "TVhy
did I accept this insane wager? What
did I gain by this man losing fifteen
years of his life and I two million
rouples? Nothing has been proved by
it. On my part it was merely a nhim
and on his, a poor maas Taing fcr
The , prisoner "had been "given two
rooms in' a wing of the banker's house.
For fifteen years he must not leave
them, must not see any visitors, hear
any human voice, receive anj- 'etieis or
newspapers. He was permit te-1 to play
nnfl read books, write letters, driulc
Iwine, smoke and eat what he pleased.
Anything he wished he must write uown
and pass the order througn ak window
in silence. He was. to remain in his
prison from November 14, 1S70, at noon,
until November 14, 1S85, noon. The
smallest attempt to break the rules was
to release the banker from his obliga
tions. Thp first vear the nrisoner was very
''well satisfied. He played the piano day
and night, but never toucnea wine or
tobacco, while he read love stories, nov
els, detective stories and plays.
The second year he stopped playing
and asked for classical books. In the
fifth year he again began to play and
did little but eat and sleep.
During the last hailf of the sixth year
he studied languages, history 'and phi
losophy, and during the four next years
he read more than 600 volumes.
During the last twp years the prison
er read a great deal, but was not very
careful in his selection of his books.
The banker remembered all these
things. The next day at twelve o'clock
the prisoner was to be set free and re
ceive his two millions.
''If I pay ,him, 1 shall be a ruined
man," he thought.
Fifteen years before the money
would have been a mere trifle to him,
but speculation had eaten up his for
tune, and now he .was feverishly watch
ing the stocktlcker every day in con
stant dread of ruin.
"That damned wager," the white
haired man mumbled, pressing his
hands against his face in despair. "Why
is he not dead? Now he is 40 years old.
He will take my last kopeck, marrj- and
enjoy life. He, the pauper, will specu-
THE OLD SWIMMING HOLE.
Editor El Paso Herald: "
Saturday's Herald stated that the Rio
Grande was no longer such, but now
the Biio Sande. Although no stream
trickles gulfward and an occasional
oasis is found, the American boy en
joys himself as much or more than if
the treacherous Rio Grande still flowed
In passing over 4he street car bridge
on the smelter car line one can see the
boy himself, with negroes and Mexicans,
plunging happily in the muddy water
and come to the surface and swim to
the shore. The water Is deep enough to
swim -In and generally in the morniug
-rt 10 o'clock and the afternoon at 2
o'clock, a good sized bunch of Ameri
cans, negroes and Mexicans can be seen
near the railroad bridge. "Music hath
charms and so has muddy water on a
In that sarnie pool many of. our Kl
Paso boys learned the art of swimming,
which will be useful to them some day.
It makes a man feel like a boy again
and remember the "old swimming hole"
of long ago to see the American boy
trudge homeward with a sunburnt, but
happy, face.: T. H. C.
THE COST OF BUILDING.
Editor El Paso Herald:
In the past few weeks I have been
much Impressed bj' hearing several mer
chants remark" as to the dullness of
business and they ponder as to its
cause, as there were so many new large
buildings in course of construction.
Many theories have been advanced as
to the cause of the dullness, but to my
mind and observation, the main reason
Little Editorials By Herald Readers
chore, ami digs in the mellow dirt; the
'the sport who queers his friends for his j
i,a in;,i- o.w? fin.1 lvnt rrnr name is '
Daily Short Story
late on the exchange where I used to
be king, while I, the ruined, will have
to accept charity from him. It is too
much! His life means disgrace and
bankruptcy to me. His death "
Outside the clock struck three. The
baiker listened. Everyone in the house
was asleep. With the air of a man
committing a crime he took from his
safe the key of the door that had not
been opened for fifteen years. He found
the seal unbroken and 'rooked through
the window into the prisoner's room.
Thre was a faint light from a single
candle. The prisoner was sitting at
his table, his back turned towards the
door. On the table, the chairs and the
floor were open, books. The man sat
motionless. Fifteen years . irimrison
ment had taught him to sit unmovable
as a statue.
The banker knocked at the window,
but the figure gave no sign of life. It
was like adead body. The banker went
to the door and carerully removed the
seal. The rusty hinges screeched and
the door creaked. He stood waiting.
His heart was beating wildly in expec
tation of hearing a scream from the
room, but no sound came and he en
At the table sat a creature with no
resemblance whatever to a human be
ing. It was a skeleton, a figure whose
skin was stretched over the fleshless
bones, whose hair was hanging down in
long locks Jike those of a woman, while
cheeks and chin were hidden by an im
mense beard. The face was yellowish,
the cheeks sunken, the back long and
narrow. The hand supporting the head
was so thin and bony that it was almost
a physical pain to look at it. The hair
had begun to turn gray.
"Poor devil," the banker thought,
"he is asleep, no doubt dreaming per
haps of the millions he is to get in a
few hours. All I need to do is to lay
him on the bed and smother him with
a' pillow and nobody will be able to
prove he did not die a natural death.
But first I will read what he has writ:
fie bent down and read:
"Tomorrow at twelve I shall be free,
free once more to associate with other
human beings, but before I leave this
j room and see the sun once more, I want
to say a few worasto j-ou. i Demg in
full possession of my mental powers and
facing my God do declare that I despise
freedom of life, health and all other
things considered the blessings of this
wprld. For fifteen years I have studied
life as it is found on earth. To be sure,
have during these years been exclud
ed from aife and have not seen any
man, but in the hooks I drank good
wine, sang songs, hunted in the woods
and loved beautiful women. In the
books, I climbed the peaks of Elbaron
and .Montblanc. I saw cities, green for
ests, smiling valleys and lakes. In the
books, I threw myself into bottomless
abysses. I created wonderful beings,
burned off cities, proclaimed new relig
ions, conquered empires.
"The books have given me wisdom.
All that human genius accomplished
through ages is contained in my brain.
I know I am wiser than all of you. I
despise your books. I hate the bless
ings of life. Everything is small, in-
significant and worthless like a fata
morgana in the desert.
"Be as proud and wise as you may,
death vill reach you at last, and your
descendants, your history and the im
mortality of your genius will disappear
with this earth. Fools you are that you
do not follow the road you ought to.
You take lies for truth, Jack of harmony
for beauty. I do not want you to un
derstand me, but to show you how I
despise the things you cling to, I give
up my claim to the two millions I used
to dream of but which I now hate, and
to deprive mypelf of any right to them
1 1 will leave the room five hours before
the time expires.
When the banker had read this he
kissed the strange man's forehead and
left the room crying like a person who
wakes from a horrible dream.
Next morning the night watchman
came running and reported that the
prisoner had broken out. -When the
banker had sealched the room he went
out and locked up the strange docu
ment in his safe.
is the use of reinforced concrete in their
Jt seems almost unreasonable to at
tribute it to this cause, but wnen one
considers the small number of skiiiedj
mechanics employed on tne woric ana
the large number of Mexicans (most
of whom live in Juarez) It shows, very
clearly, that there is practically no
work here for many skilled American
workmen, consequently they have
moved to other cities where they can
find employment. If one will take the
trofible to inquire of any workingman,
he will inform you that there are not
one-third' of the number of building
mechanics residing in El Paso, there
nere three years ago.
Of course, there are several trades
that are employed In any kind of a
structure, but if steel construction is
used It would give employment to
American structural steel erectors,
brick masons, stone masons, tile layers,
carpenters, etc, and also reduce the
Mexican labor to a minimum.
Some have the Idea firmly Imbedded
in their minds that by the use of con
crete we are using home products, but
they do nott consider that if steel is
used it is all fabricated"and erected by
our locai concerns. The actual cost of
the structural steel costing but very
little,' (more than the reinforcing steel, j
also the labor is very mucn less in
I erecting. The hollow tile used in floor
and partitions are likewise made by
local manufacturers, also there are sev
eral iloral brick plants that can supply
the brick for the exterior walls. Y'et,
at the same ...me, cement supplied by
another local industry is extensively
used for footings, foundations, floor
coverings, mortar, etc., thereby dwtrib-
ENGLISHMEN ARE FIGHTING ,
FOR PROTECTIVE TARIFF fJL
1 J. Haskin
XXVIII -THE BRITISH CRISIS.
LONDON, Eng., Aug. 2. If the Tories
win in thi next general election
in Great Britain it will be because
they hold the trump card ot tariff re
form. The Conservatives, or unionists,
as they prefer to call themselves, in
sisted that the tariff question was the
paramount issue in the campaign of
last Januarj-. It must be admited that
the Unionist gains In that election
nearly all were the result of the tar
iff reform propaganda. If the cam
paign had been fought altogether up
on the tariff issue the Unionists would
have won a victorj-. This has been ad
mitted by the shrewdest politicians of
the Liberal party, who recognized the
fact, een before the election, that
Liberalism could not hope to win in a
defensive battle solely on the issue of
free trade. It was equally certain that
they could not win except by supporting
free trade. Although the constitutional
crisis precipitated by the clash between
commons and lords, and the progressive
social legislation advocated by the Lib
eral government.resulted directly in a
feeble victory for ihe Radicals, the
election definitely determined but one
thing, and that was that free trade is
no longer a settled doctrine of British
Frightened by Socialism.
If the Unionist party could stand
squarely on the merits of its doctrines
of democratic imperialism and tariff
reform, it probably would be able to
destroy the present radical-liberal or
ganization. The trouble Is that dem
ocratic .Imperialism and tariff reform
are shibboleths of a comparatively few
men, mostly ex-liberals, who are gen
uinely frightened by the spectre of So
cialism. They depend for votes upon a
following purely Tory, made up of the
privileged Landlord clasp, the estab
lished church, and the lienor trade.
That these Liberal Unionists leaders are
able to dictate the positive policies of
the Tory political machine is proof of
the essential weakness of the ortho
dox Toryism. So it was in the last cam
paign, when the Liberals made a direct
attack upon privilege; the party of
privilege declining a direct battle, fol
lowed the lead of the erstwhile Radical
Chamberlain and shouted itself hoarse
for tariff reform.
EngliKh IdcnK ts. Americas.
It is superfluous, perhaps, to remind
the reader that tariff reform in Great
Britain means exactly the opposite of
what it does In the United States.
Tariff reform in England is a sugar
floated phrase meaning protection,
the word "protection" being odious
on account of the great free trade
movement successfully lead by Cobden
and Bright a little more" than half cen
tury ago. So successful was that free
trade battle that the Tory party defin
itely abandoned the doctrine of protec
tion, and was reconverted only by a
Great Britain has "practically no
tariff, levying only a small tax on
tobacco, spirits, perfumes and other
such luxuries, and upan tea and a few
other non-competitive articles. The
principle of protection is denied in the
British tariff system, and its revenue
customs are derived from such arti
cles as to prevent even a slight Inci
dental protection. In this respect Great
Britain stands alone among all the na
tions of the earth, separated even from
its own colonies by tariff barriers; whol
ly defenceless in a tariff war because
deprived of the only weapon 'effective
in such warfare the power of retalia
tion. Unionists "Want Tariff.
i The patriotic intelligence ofhe Un
ionist party deplores this isolation, no
longer 'splendid", and would substitute
for the present system an imperial tar
iff union, which would Institute a pro
tective tariff for Great Britain, and, by
means of a preferential system, Include
all parts of the British empire within
the British tariff boundary, thus effect
ing an economic union of the empire.
Solidarity of the empire now is main
tained by love and fear love of the
crown and fear, of foreign foes. To
love and fear Mr Chamberlain would
add interest. Just now Great Britain
can give no preferential favors to the
commerce of Its colonies, because its
ports are free and either colonial or al
ien may bring In his wares without pay
ng anything to the customs officers.
Brltnfn the Dumping Ground.
Tariff reformers refer to Great Brit
ain as the "dumping ground" of the na
tion. Any manufacturing nation can
send its wares into England to compete
on a basis of entire equality with Brit
ish manufacturers. Therefore, when
trade is dull -and factories are closed,
it is comparatively easy to convince the
workmen that he is suffering because
of this free and untrammeled foreign
uting the materials to several concerns
instead of to one.
There is a prevailing opinion, among
laymen, that reinforced concrete is
more -permanent than steel construction,
but, as a matter of fact, the permanency
of either is a factor jthat needs no
consideration, for either Is equally as
lasting. However, one thing to con
sider is, if the removal of a concrete
building becomes necessary, it Is al
most impossible without the use of dy
namite. Furthermore, the debris from
such a building is absolutely valueless,
whereas In a steel building the mate
rials removed are worth 20 to 30 per cent
of the actual value of the original
Another feature to be considered Is
the excess number and size of columns
ina concrete building over a steel con
structed building. Also the beams and
girders below the floor slab, . which,
when the ceiling is lighted, cast shad
ows on other parts of the room, or if
this is overcome there is an added,
number of lights, which add consider
ably to the cost and maintenance of the
As to the comparative cost of bcth
materials, I will say that, from recent
estimates, figures show steel construc
tion about 10 percent cheaper than
reinforced, concrete on first cost, but
by the rapidity 'in which a steel struc
ture is erected the owner of a building
may have possession in 25 percent less
time than buildings of other types, and
be receiving a revenue from his prop
erty for that length of time, which
would be fair to deduct from the con
tract price. There are several exam
ples where two buildings of each ma
terial were started at the same time
and the steel structure was the first
to be completed.
Walter L. Failvey.
Editor El Paso Herald:
We all know that an Inspector for
the electric railway should be a well
trained and experienced man, a man
that has been In the business long
enough to know aH its phases. The
young onan recently appointed, I have
no reason to doubts means well and
could do well if he only had'' a few
years' experience on the cars, but for
If the tariff reformers had contented
themselves with demanding a moderate
revenue tariff, with incidental protec
tion, upon manufactured articles, it is
probable that their propaganda would
have ben even more successful. But it
was necessary to convert the Tory j
landlords, who can be ie.i he J only by
one argument profit or its equivalent.
And therefo.-e Mie tariff tt-formers pro
mised a tariff duty on wh".tt and c-lhey
breadstuffs, saying it would increase
the value of the fatui products of Great
Britain, said rams being owned by a
few landlords, and that it would, there
fore bring about a revival of agricul
ture in the country.
TVheat Tariff Injariou.
The free traders replied that the tar
iff on wheat, if it aided the landlords at
all, simply would raise the price of
wheat and therefore of bread, to the in
jury of the 90 per cent of the British
people who are forced to buy their
bread. It was pointed out that Great
Britain now, under the most favorable
circumstances, can grow about one
fourth of the breadstuffs it uses, az;d
that all of the colonies together do not
as j-et produce a sufficient surplus' of
wheat to make up the other three
fourths of the British consumption.
Bread is very much cheaper in Great
Britain than in the United States.
Great Britain produces a smaller pro
portion of Its own bread than any other
bread eating nation. The cheap white
bread of England is cheap because vEn
gland has no tariff. That this is true
"was proved during the horrible days of
the "hungry forties", when Englishmen
revolted and forced the repeal of the
J Bread Quest Ioh Di.icusned.
It happened that in the January cam
paign the bread question became the
principle theme for speakers on both
sides of the tariff issue. The Liberals
told the people that if there was tar
iff reform, poor people would have to
eat black bread, such as is eaten by
the protected workmen of Germany.
The Conservatives replied that it wasn't
true; that black bread was better any
how; and that King Edward ate Ger
man black bread every day, proving
the last statement by the baker who
supplied the bread to Buckingham pal
ace. The great black bread issue was
proof of now important a trivial matter
may become in British politics.
"Make the Foreigner Pay.''
The tariff reformers on the stump,
not possessing either the brains or tne
boldness of Mr. Chamberlain, who was
ill at his home, fell back upan mouth
filling phrases in lieu of argument. On
every stump the Tory spellbinders of
fered tariff reform as a substitute for
the land taxes and the liquor taxes lm-
, posed by the Lloyd-George budget; ad
mitting that more revenue was neces
sary but proposing to "make the for
eigner pay." "With the exception of
two or three of the most prominent men
in the Conservative party, all the Tory
campaigners declared that under the
protective system the foreigner pays the
tax. They proved it by quotations from
Republican newspapers published in the
United States thirty years ago.
Both sides referred often to the Unit
ed States In discussing the tariff ques
tion. The Tories said that the United
States -was the most prosperous nation
in the world, and that its workmen re
ceived fabulous wages and paid no more j
for what they bought than the English.
The Radicals admitted the high wasres
Lin America but made much of the Amer-
icon outcry against the nigh cost of -living.
Speakers on both sides quoted for
i their purposes from the debates on tbe
Payne-Aldrich tariff bill.
The result was that a great many
wrkingmen, who otherwise would have
been Liberals, voted for Conservative
candidates because they believed that
tariff rofnrm trniilfl r,- v. -.
. .,.v.. ., vujvt 7Cfc,! tWClLI X1.WAXX .
the ruinous effects of foreign competi- I
tion. and would make them the, equals
nf th Amo'rlr.on irni-VlTi.n A.,l
result was that a great many wealthy
nianuiaciurera wnose only hone Of
continued prosperity is based upon an
abundance of free raw material and a
continued era of cheap cost of living
for their workmen who otherwise
might have been Conservative, voted
fcr the Radical candiaates.
There is stronsr reason tn mHoi- ti
the remarkable struggle for tariff re-
form begun eight years ago when Mr.
Chamberlain resigned from the Balfaur
cabinet to take up the work of the tar-
offreform league, will result in a modi-
fication of the British system of freev
trade. The tariff reformers are the foes
of foreign competition, and it K foreign
competition that Britain fears even
more than foreign warships. As mat-
ters stand today, .tariff reform is rhe -
trump card in possession of 'the Tory
Tomorrow The Way It' Works.
his lack of experience the public wtlj
have to suffer.
How long is the Stone &. Webster
company to think that a man is born
infallible -if he happens to be the son
VtockhoidPr in LI "e S ' Pon,t be an lth the motherinlaw.
on! inSIlibimv ht Jf"7 Shej knew and loved your wife before
m'"& hr1. her. She brought
some stockholder's daughter or some
one related in some wav to the eom-
pany? If anyone dares stand forth
una. try to aerend the companv's action
in this matter I shall fight him from
a to izzard, from Dan to Beersheba
and from hell to breakfast. I shall
point to men that have labored dav in
and day out for the company- and know'
th hndnoc. rm , , j. -, -
!-?. b"nef.s,fr.om ginning to end, and ,
, wiiy am iney not appoint this- one
or that If his hearing appears to be
Daa or he tries to turn i Hoaf oav T
shall cry aloud, saying. Where is Tom I
merman? "V her is W. vFTimcas? Where
Is Tom Leonard? Where Is Frank How
ard? Where Is Hansen? Where is Pearce
and where are others, all of whom 3re
gentlemen of the best type and are
skilled men in the street car business?
Would it not have been far better Ao
have appointed one of them? Either of
them as Inspector would be a credit
to the company and a great benefit to
Is there any hope for a change of
existing conditions? Are there not oth
ers being stall fed in the east to fill
vacancies, in the official force here? Are
we as human tyeings aud cjtizens oi Ei
Paso going to idly fold our hands, close
our mpths and let things go from bad
to worse without even making a pro
test? Are we to sit down and watch
the army of the ,lame and halt increase
without a dissenting murmur Are we
to visit the graves or our fellowmen
and after looking upon the mounds
heaped up as we believe by the care
lessness and neglect of the company,
smite our breasts and return without
making a vow to ask for better condi
tions? Are we to listen to the wailing
of widows and orphans and the weeping
of relatives and friends without shed
ding a sympathetic tear? On the night
of February 20, last, when fate was
against me and It was my unhappy lot
to look upon the lifeless forms of two
victims of the worst street car accident
that I ever witnessed miy heart was
heavily burdened and especially did
It's better t' have a job than t' be alus
acceptin' a position. Did you ever notice
how a feller smiles after he puts a lot o'l
relatives on tir train ier home?
my sympathies go out for the wife and
babes at home. I- knew that the wife
that awaited the coming footsteps of
her husband would not hear them more
and the bright eyed babe that perhaps
had already fallen asleep to awake in
the morning for a play with papa would
cry in vain for him, and I said in my
heart. vTho is responsible for all this;
Let the public investigate and without
a doubt it will come to the same con
clusion that I did in a very few min
' That great mistakes are being made
by the company and that those mis
takes are detrimental to the publfc wel
fare is bound to be conceded by ihose
who are familiar with the state of af
fairs. This being true, will someone
that is better qualified to do so than
I suggest a remedy whereby changes
for the better could possibly be gotten
at- Yours for a greater and better El
Paso, E. H. Florence.
A CASE OF 3IOTHERIXLAW.
By AVIalfrcd Black.
EAR "Winifred Black:
I am writing to you of a cou
ple I know. The husband is
kind and loving. He makes a good
living for himself and wife. They live
in a cozy two room apartrrfent in a
small town. They were getting along
fine until lately the wife's mother, who
is a widow, but strong and healthy and
has been in. the habit of making her
own Irving, came to live with them.
The husband, -who is very young is
j employed where he has to do collecting,
-and in order to support his imotherinlaw.
has had toehold out some of the money
he has collected. The motherinlaw
knows she isv causing trouble and once
when ne came home unexpectedly he
found his wife and her mother packing
He is getting desperate. He -cannot
attend to his -work for worry wondering
.if his motherinlaw has talked his wife
into leaving him.
"What would you advise? Do you
think It is his duty to support his
motherinlaw at the risk of dishonesty,
or do you think he should tell her to
"When- he speaks to his wife about it,
her answer is, "She is m mother."
An Interested Reader.
Yes, it's a genuine letter, and it came
in the mail this very morning. 'Hard
I tO believe, isn t It? That TTIOTlfv iwiSTi'fc
yurs young man. You had no anore
riSht. to take it to support your mother-
Inlaws than VOU "Would have tn rfVh a.
I bank to support somebody's cousin's
"ica """. oicahuj is sisium. anu
all the long names you want to call it
i dont alter its character the least 'little
j " In tne world.
' As to the motherinlaw. "Why don't
'' you naTe a good plain talk with your
j wife afout the matter? Not a high
' tempered quarrel with both of vou sav-
in a11 tfle mean things you can think
! atout each other's relatlves but a
j Pn. sensible talk. Tell your wife just
how much money you are making, and
i ask her to decide what to do about it.
I hen she finds that the responsibllity
hi tnat money is going to fall on her
(Shoulders, to. she may look at it Jn an
(entirely different light. As to the
"motherinlaw herself, I would, not live
i under the same roof with any human
I being, who disliked one so bitterly not
if that human beinsr were a hundred
times my wife's mother. Dislike and
anger are as deadly a poison as cyanide
of potassium, and I'd just as soon drink
carbolic acid for breakfast and be done
with it as to take the coffee which had,
been made for me by one who hates me
and wants to make me unhappy.
fier up from a little helpless baby and.
Qf j course, she doesn't think you are
good enough for her. You'll understand
j the-way she feels on the day your first
ourn aangnter is married; but in the
aieantlme don't hate her and don't be
arigry with her. But do not Hive with
I A.Muutu laiusr nve on weaK tea ana
dTy' bread Wth lov - Mnt(mtmMlt
I 'would rather live on weak tea and
, 't , ,, " 7 ",""""". r:
" T"" ." "i.
courses with anger arid hatred at the
table. Talk the thing over quietly with
I your wife if she is the right sort of
woman, she 11 decide what to do and she
.will decide justlv.
FROM SERIOUS xixuSSS.
--Dr. C. F. Z. Caracristi. the ideologist
and enfjiteer who has New ork and
London offices, and who has been ill at
Hotel St. Hejris during the last month,
has improved sufficiently to be out ot
danger. Dr. Caracristi has been identi
fied for .some years with the Oreel-Terra-zas
interests in Mexico, and has done
much work in the Texas petroleum and
sulphur fields. He is known in every
country that has large mining intereair
particularly in Latin America,
MIIfER VISITS CITY.
W. S. Xoyes, a ntinini? engineer oi
San Francisco Cal., is at uhe St. Regis on
his way to the famous Shafter, Tex., sil
ver mines in PreJdio county, Texas, of
which he is ,the general maniser and
George H. Clements, who has been
seriously ill at the Angelus, was ta
ken to his ranch below Ysleta Mon-.
day afternoon, where he will rsmain
until he has recovered. His condition
is much improved and he expects to
resume hfs business as the general
agent for a Los Angeles stone company