! I EI Paso Fair Hi ll H W k CJ M B ij JF AL I , H
EI Paso, Texas, .
August 26, 1910 - - - 12 Pages
EI Paso Fair
1 October 29th To
Nov. 6th, 1910
m , & i . ' a ri f n r r , a i , i
s. w for, iqio m jrais wi .i m j jb as n4 w jl j&.jlijl
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Most Valuable Fertilizer in
the World Plentiful at
ONLY KNOWN DEPOSIT
IN UNITED STATES
"The importance of the sodium ni
trate deposits of Presidio county. Tex
as, and those of the eastern part of
the state of Chihuahua, Mexico, a de
scription of which was first published
in The Herald, July 9,' has attracted, not
only the attention of the press of the
country, but also of scientific men and
manufacturers; and as it belongs to
the field tributary to El Paso, and -with
one exception is the only section "where
the material has been found either in
the United States or Mexico, the following-
from Dr. Wm. B. Phillips and C.
F. Z. Caracrlsti Is of interest.
Dr. Phillips in the Manufacturer's
"During the last few years, reports of
the discovery of a deposit of nitrate of
soda in- Presidio county, Texas, haTe
found their way into the local papers.
The locality is about 45 miles south of
"Valentine, a station on the Galveston,
Harrisburg arid San Antonio railway,
about 150 miles southeast of El Paso,
and about two miles from .the Rio
Grande. The samples that have been
analyzed by D. "W. Reckhart, of El
Paso, and were secured by T. R. Owen,
of Candelaria, Tex., and I. H. Davis, of
El Paso, showed a considerable vari
ation in the contents of nitrate. The
analyses published in The El Paso Her
ald of July 9, were as follows: 26.5, 7.1,
36.6, and 71 percent of sodium nitrate.
These analyses do not seem to repre
sent any known thickness of the de
posit. Assuming that the above analyses
represent the same thickness of ma
terial, (of which the writer does not ex
press any opinion) the average contents
in nitrate of soda is 25.37 percent. This
assumption may or may not tally w
the actual facts a.nd we await further
Lava Covers Nitrate.
"The deposit of nitrate appears to
underlie a' sheet of lava of undeter
mined nature and thickness, but wheth
er it may be derived from this lava or
be the prodnct of agencies of another
sort is as yet unknown. Such pros
pecting as has been carried on there.
Is quite insufficient to determine the
extent or quality of the deposit. Along
the Rio Grande, both on the Mexican
and on the Texas side, other f inds of
nitrate of soda have been made. Sev
eral y ears ago the writer received a 50
pound sack of earth from the Mexican
side, opposite the town of Presidio del
Norte, and within easy reach of the
Kansas City, Mexico and Orient rail
way, now under construction from Chl
hnahua to the Rio Grande. It was
found to contain 10 percent of nitrate
of soda. But the most promising Af
all the discoveries is that on the Texas
side of the Rio Grande and near the
little settlement of Candelaria. Near
the mouth of Tornillo creek, Brewster
county, another deposit of nitrate of
soda is reported, and south of the
Chisos mountains, remote from rail. It
is an interesting circumstance that lo
calized deposits of nitrate of soda
should be reported from regions, where
mineralized hot waters make they way
to the surface. On the Mexican side of
the river, about three miles from the
river, are a number of hot springs, and
another occurs near the mouth of Tor
nillo creek above mentioned.
Very Slight Rainfall.
"The Candelaria nitrate deposits oc;
cur in; a Tegion which has an annual
rainfall of about 15 inrhr5 rrn?ro
enough, to affect in a quite serious man-
ner the commercial aspects of the case
"In this connection, mention mav be
made of the discovers-i of nitrsti nf
potash in a .v in-Wi -o ,,,
nnrth of fho T,v an Tor ,iw.,,,l
" , j Spencer "will resume the management of
(Continued on f age Five.) the union station stand.
SPLENDID SHOWS FOR
EL PASO THIS WINTER
Frank Rich believes as a result of
breaking away from the socalled trust,
that he is going to be able to give the
people of El Paso the best lot of thea
trical attractions this winter that they
have ever seen here in one season. Here
is the list of attractions already booked,
with negotiations under way for a
number of others that will be booked
as the season advances:
"The Girl from Rector's," a spicy one.
"Morning, Xoon and Night," musical
Walker "Wltiteside, in "The Melting
Pot," Zangwill's great play.
Dustan Farnum, in "Cameo Kirby "
a strong diyama.
"Stubborn Cinderella," musical com
edy. Mary Mannering, in a new play.
"Arizona," western comedy drama.
"Queen of the Moulin Rouge," an
other spicy one.
"The Man of the Hour." great political
TAKE WA TER PLANT
Actual transfer or the property of the water company io the city of El
Peso Is waiting1 upon the preparation, of the bond, says mayor Ivelly. At
torneys for the Mater company arc preparing- the wording:, which, when ap
proved by the city council, will he sent to the engravers to he printed upon
the face of the bonds.
After this Is done, they must ro to the attorney general of Texas for ap
proval. Then the money for their purchase will he turned over to the city.
It In probable that a month will transpire before these details are completed.
Considerable Discussion in
Both Houses Hudspeth
Amendment Under Fire.
HOUSE MAY FOEOE
ME'MBEES TO ATTEND
Austin, Tex., Aug. 26. Both branches
of the legislature- engaged this morning
In a discussion or the International, and t
Great Northern railroad claim valida
tion measure. Prospects are that the
battle in both houses will be closely
Hudspeth's amendment exempting
bonds Issued under the stock and bond
law of the state is under consideration
in the senate.
The house is discussing a somewhat
similar measure by Lee. Terrell, of
Cherokee, argued for the bill and Per
kins spoke against it, Perkins declar
ing it would retard progress In south
Senate Apparently Busy.
A petition was read in the senate this
morning signed by citizens of Stephen
ville asking a repeal of the present fire
Insurance act and the passage of a bill
favoring Texas companies.
"Waco barbers sent in a petition ill
I favor of the spider bill.
i "When the validation ,1)111 affecting
I claims against the railroads came up,
J Hudspeth spoke on his amendment
! exempting roads organized 'under the
j Texas stock and bond law, declaring the
i passage of the bill without his amend-
m-ent would stop the building of 50 lines
in western Texas. He said that com
missioner "Williams had expressed the
opinion that the Hudspeth amendment
would not invalidate the bill. Holsey
opposed the amendment and Branchfield
opposed an amendment of the bill in
any material manner.
House Wants a Quorum.
Baker, of Hood, offered a resolution
in the house this morning canceling all
excuses except for sickness, in order,
he said, to maintain a quorum. It was
referred to -the committee on rules.
Robertson, of Erath, sent up a reso
lution signed by citizens of Stephen
ville protesting against the high rate
The railroad claim validation bill
was then taken up.
' Heated Debate.
Dee offered an amendment exempting
from the bill's provisions, roads organ
ized under the Texas stock and bond
law. Robertson, of Travis, asked
whether it is not true that $6,000,000. of
the I. & G. N. bonds were issued under
the" stock and bond law. Dee declared
his belief that the road was the only
one chartered before the stock and bond
law became effective.
Terrell, of Cherokee, who introduced
the validation measure, argued for it
as a matter of right, saying the legis
lature cannot afford to defeat the bill
because of bad claims and declared It
was well known that the Goulds had
made money "wrecking road". Perkins
declared the bill should be entitled an
"Act to allow Palestine lawyers to col
lect debts before the ' legislative bar."
Moller favored the bill, saying a
powerful railroad lobby is here fight-
Senator Hudspeth caused some ex
citment in the capitol last evening by
boxing the ears of the correspondent of
the San Antonio Dight for printing
something the senator didn't like.
GORE COMMITTEE E.DS
LABORS IN OKLAHOSIA
Tulsa, Okla., Aug. 26. The congres
sional committee investigating charges
made by senator T. P. Gore, regarding
Indian land affairs ended its labors in
this state last night at Pawhuska, com
ing here, where they were given a pub
lic reception today., The committee will
leave for Kansas City tonight.
I Franlc c- Spencer, manager of the
;Harvey ews and curio shop at the
union statiof antl Mrs- Spencer, who
1 have sPent the summer at Harvey s
Grand Canyon hotel, will arrive in the
city the first of next
"Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch,"
a delightful Comedy.
Billy Clifford, in something new.
Frederick Wtarde, in tragedy.
"Gentleman from Mississippi," a
strong political drama.
"The City," another political drama,
Lilian Russell, the only Lilian.
"The Virginian," western drama.
"Volunteer Organist," rural drama.
"Dollar Princess," New York and Lon
don musical comedy success.
"Isle of Spice, a new musical com
"Flirting Princess," another new mu
Gertrude Elliott, in a new plaj-.
"The Time, the Place and the Girl," a
musical comedy by the author of "A
"Hanlon's Superba," a big musical ex
travaganza. Bessie Abbott's Grand Opera company.
Louis Mann, in a strong new play.
Dockstader's Minstrels. '
Richard Jose, singer.
Addresses lowans in His
Sleeping G-arb and Pro
tests to Photographers.
SAYS HE STANDS
FOE HONEST MEN
Ames, la., Aug. 26. Speeding west
ward on a special car, Col. Roosevelt
was not permitted to sleep late this
morning. Scarcely had the state of
Iowa been entered .when a stop was
made at Marshalltown, where hundreds
of people clamored to see the dis
tinguished traveler. After soirte de
lays, he emerged from the car smiling,
! attired in pajamas and slippers, over
which he had thrown a rain coat. He pro
tested at the action of photographers
who brought their cameras into action.
"It is outrageous," he said, "to take
my picture in this garb."
Roosevelt made a few remarks, ex
pressing Interest in( the children in the
assemblage, and suggested that it
would not be well to depend upon im
migration for Increasing the population
of the country.
The Roosevelt special will go through
Iowa and Nebraska today, stopping at
a dozen or more places where the
colonel will make an address.
Roosevelt Against Bossism.
Mr. Roosevelt definitely aligned him
self with the progressives of New York
sate In a statement -which he issued
on train today. He declared the main
issue in the fight In New York is not
any specific reform measure but boss
ism. Bossism, he declared, frequently
led to corruption and he said he4 would
wage a ruthless war on corrnpt alli
ances between business and bosses.
"The progressives are against the
domination of the party and the pub
lic by the special interests," the state
ment says, "whether these special in
terests are political or business or a
compound of the two,"
STRIKE GIVES ROOSEVELT
TEXT FOR A SPEECH
Toledo, O., Aug. 2 6. Transf erring of
mails delayed the fast mail train of the
Lake Shore 30 minutes yesterday after
noon and gave Col. Roosevelt more time
than had been anticipated to address
the great crowd assembled at the
He referred again to conditions rela
tive to the street car strike at Colum
bus, O. He said:
"We do not allow individuals to fight
out their own differences. The govern
ment settles these differences for them.
Neither can we allow big corporations
to fight out their differences with
employes if disorder results. "We can
not alio'v mob rule."
The crowd cheered.
"We must find out if the corporation
acted fairly by its employes and the
public The corporation has a duty to
the community and the public should
see that the public and local officials
take "action to prevent injustice."
"These are the two prime articles of
my creed a square deal for every man
and justice for every man, rich and
j poor. If there is disorder, all reform
must stop until order Is restored. I
shall Insist upon honesty, if It breaks
up the best business of the land and
shall Insist upon order under all cir
cumstances. "Remember that the public official
i who does not maintain order and fails
j to put down a mob is quite as criminal
as any corrupt man who conducts a
great corporation that becomes corrupt.
"I stand for decent citizenship. I am
against the corporation when it does
Wrong, anl I am against the mob when
it resorts to violence.'
WARXS TPUBLIC AGAINST
ELECTING CORRUPT OFFICIALS
Elkhart, Ind.. Aug. 2c. coi. Roose- !
velt on reaching this city late yester- !
day afternoon when lowering clouds ;
threatened rain, reminded his audience '
that the right kind of men and women
in the ranks of American citizenship
was the greatest need of the countrj'.
"The stream does not rise higher
than its source," he said. "You cannot
get the right kind of government un
less you have the right kind of citizens
back of the government."
He warned the people against the
' election of corrupt men to office be
cause they expected to profit by the
brilliancy, of such men.
"In the first place, you want an
honest man," he said. "I don't care how
able the man is if he is not honest.
The greater his ability the greater curse
he will prove to the country. Don't
forget that that is the case of public
men as well as private citizens. Don't
support a man because he is smart, be
cause his smartness is of no use with
out conscience. And I don't even care
how honest he is how game he is, if he
has not common sense, he is no use."
EVERY AMERICAN CITIZEN
3IUST HAVE FAIR CHANCE
South Bend, Ind.,- Aug. 26. Theodore
Roosevelt traveled across Ohio and In
diana and he was greeted everywhere
by enthusiastic crowds to whom he
talked of honesty, respect and corpora
tions. The crowds that greeted him were
larger than those which turned' out to
see him in his trip across New York
state and they were so insistent in
their deman'ds to see him and hear him
that he responded in every instance.
At Toledo and Columbus he spoke on
mob rule, having in mind the street
car strike in Columbus. At Toledo he
"The great question we have to face
is to shape things so that every Amer
ican citizen shall have a fair chance to
earn his living and lead his life under
the best and most favorable conditions,
that he .shall be protected In his rights
and prevented from wronging others in
ROOSEVELT VISITS "WITH
CHICAGO XEWSPYPDR ME.
Chicago, 111., Aug. 26. Col. Roosevelt
avoided any formal reception during a
stay of a little more than an hour here
last night, but," instead, sp'ent half an
hour as the guest of the newspaper re
porters at the Chicago Newspaper club.
At the newspaper club, Roosevelt
commented on the failure of either
Continued on Page Two.)
j If f it ii'ii l
I I ill J? i 1 I
111 la Sill
y U 11 I llfeila
Wants to Out Down South
ern Representation in Na
WOULD BE BLOW
TO CECIL LYON
Dallas, Texas. Aug. 26.: The election
of a president by direct vote of the peo
ple instead of by electors as now, and
for a bill regulating national political
conventions, were the two subjects dis
cussed in letters received from senator
A. B. Cummins, of Iowa, indicating that
ho will introduce the first proposition
and that he will support the second up
on introduction by some other insurg
ent member of the Republican party In
The bill regulating convention would
cut down the representation of the
southern states at Republican conven
tions. Cummins says some southern
states have far too many delegates. He
cities the fact that Iowa has 26 and
Georgia 26, but declares that Georgia
never polls a large Republican vote,
while Iowa does.
Such a bill, if enacted, would be a
hard blow to Cecil Lyon's control of
Republican politics In Texas. Lyon
and other Texas Republicans took a
leading part in the nominations of
Roosevelt and later Taft.
Cummins asserts that it is unfair to
permit southern states with a small Re
publican vote, representation in con
ventions similar to northern states with
a proved large Republican vote.
Cummins hopes by his bill to gain
control for the insurgent Republicans
in the next national Republican conven
tion. SETTLEMENT OF
Begins to Look As If the
Troubles "Would Soon End
in Central West.
Kansas City, Mo.. Aug. 26. Both coal
mine operators and the miners of the
southwestern field hold an optimistic
view of the strike situation. They be
lieve the trouble will be settled within
The miners will meet In Pittsburg
tomorrow to vote on the proposition
submitted by the operators. Should
they approve the plan, the miners' con
ferees will come .here Monday to con
fer with the operators and complete
By the plan under consideration, the
miners will Teceive the increase de
manded by the Cincinnati convention,
and the operators are to get concessions
regarding working conditions in tne
Colorado House Adopts It;
Senate Is Short But
Denver, Colo.. Aug. 26. The initi
ative and referendum bill modeled aftor
the Oregon law, was reported favorably
to the senate today and will be taken
up in committee of the whole this aft
ernoon. It passed the house yesterday and
got the sanction of the Democratic
senators in caucus last night.
Its adoption In the senate tomorrow
or Monday is looked for, as but five
Republican votes are needed.
GIVES BOND FOR MURDER CASE.
"Waxahachie, Tex., Aug. 26. A $10,000
bond was made here this morning by
Arthur Redman, charged with killing J.
C. Robertson, a farmer in Ellis county,
three years ago last spring.
The case came here on a change of
venue. Thirteen citizens of Goliad
county, Redman's home, signed the
After his release Redman left for
home and will return for trial in September.
GOVERNMENT NOT IN
"Washington, D. C, Aug. 2C. As a waste of time and powder, the war de
partment today declined to grant the request of senator riles and rcprcscnta
tle Humphreys of the state of "Washington that It fire all Its ;?iin In the
vicinity of Paget Sound simultaneously In order to produce rains in the re
gions coping vtlth forest fires.
Gaines-iIUe, Texas, Auk. 2S The town of Era, 11 miles west, was swept by
fire early today, causing a Ios estimated at ?20,000, and practically destroying
The blaze broke out at J oclock und was discovered just after a report of
The principal losers are Lester Segra-vcs, general merchandise, $2500;
barber shop and confectionery, owned by Elmer Darden and Owen Richardson,
1300; warehouse and shoe shop, owned by Lester Segravcs, $2000; II; Y. Mack,
general merchandise, 9S0O; II. A. Cornett, iaddlery and lmrnes- store, $1000;
J. P. Pickle, woodworking establishment, $10,000.
The postofflce was the only structure saved In the business sectlOH.
There were scleral small losses of $100 or more, each.
Accused Of Obtaining .
Another Mans Patent
Daniel J. Sully, the cotton Icingr, who with several ot his associates, has
been cited to appenr before a federal court In the District of Columbia to skow
cause why he should not return to Lemuel A. Greene letters patent issued, to
him for improvements iu cottoa jrradln. Greene says Sully and others hadsituatlon Is improving all the time. Fire
as trustees for his patent assigned It
formed. All he obtained from It was
to have stock and 50,000 in cash as
TWO ON PULLMAN CAR
Ellis, Kas., Ausr. 2C. Harry Push, of Niagara Falls, N. Y., became Insane
on a Pullman of the Union Pacific train near here hist night and fatally shot
the porter of the car, named Young, and Dr. H. H. Temple, pf Kansas City.
Pugh acted queerly In the evening:, bnt talked affably with other passen
gers in the' Pullman. In the night he began firing through the end of his
berth Into the smoking room. The car porter ran forward and was shot twice
through the body.
Dr. Temple, vho was en. route from Denver with his wife and child, sprang
into the aisle and Pugh shot him twice through the abdomen. The conductor
and brakeman then -overpowered the murderous mad man and he was placed'
in jail here.
Dr. Temple ivas taken from the train at Ellsworth, unconscious and ap
parently djing. Young was taken to Kansas City. .
Pugh is about 2S years old and apparently in a prosperous condition.
KOREA MAY TR7
TO REPEL JAPAN
Looks to United States to
War With' Japs Within
a Pev- .Years.
New York, N. Y., Aug. 2C. The be
lief is general in Korea tnat the United
States will be drawn Into
a war witn :
Japan within the next five year, ac
cording to Dr. S. H. KJmm, formerly
attache of the Korean legation at
"Washington, and now representative In
this country of the Korean "Insurgents."
who are waging a guerrilla warfare in
Korea against annexation by Japan.
The true state of affairs inKorea is
not generally known, said Dr. Jvimm,
because of the Japanese censorship over
the telegraph and -mails. -
It would take little to start 20,000,000
Koreans on a war for liberation, ho
Tomorrow being the last Saturday of
the month, The Herald carriers will
present hills for the month of August.
Subscribers will kindly noib the above
and he rendw for the boys. r
'to -a grr.adf cottoH company they had
$50,000 worth of stock, whereas he was
. MISSOURI WRECK
Wreckage Takes Kce and
' Victims Axe Removed
." - With Difficulty.
Jefferson City, Mo, Aug. "26. Five
men were killed and one badly injured
n two neavy ireignt trains on tne
Missouri Pacific collided head-on near
Blackwater, 65 miles west of here, to
day. The dead and injured are all
A fire broke out In the wreckage and
it wa? with the great est difficulty
that the dead and Injured -were re
moved. . t
MOTHER RISKS LIFE
TO SA VE HER CHILD
Sedan, Kans., Aug. 26. The 2yearold child of John Bnrch, a farmer near
here, fell injto a cistern containing five feet of water- Mrs. Burck jammed in
to the cistern and held the child above vratcr eight hours, until her husband,
returning from vtork, found her after a search. She collapsed after being
rescued and is seriously III.
" OF SAILORS, MA YBE
Copenhngen? Denmark, Aug. 2C. Delegates from nil seamen's unions 'h
America and Europe, at the International congress of sailors and marine fire
men in session here,, with the exception of the French association, agreed
today to declare an international strike unless nliip owners of every countrv
eonceme.l iigrccd to the formation of a board of conciliation to deal with the
grievances of the men.
DRUNKARDS MUST GO
TO INSANE ASYLUM
Pnterson, X. J., Aug. 28. The authorities of Passaic county have decided that
habitual drunkenness Is a mental disease and persons so afflicted vtlll here
after be committed to the insane asylum. ft
The first rase so disposed of resulted yesterday In sendingT'two women
to the asylum for treatment. Both are old offenders andhave Hpent the greater
part of the last 20 years in the countv Jail. Their sole offence Is Intoxication.
Situation in Idaho -and Mon
tana Is Greatly Improved;
Fires Are Subsiding.
Bodies Are Reported Scat
tered Through the Burned
Region in Many Places.
Spokane, "Wash., Aug". 26. A careful
estimate of the loss of life in the for
est fires place the number of dead
and probable dead at 200.
Italians and Austrians In St. Joe val
ley, Idaho, of whim many perished,
were employes of logging companies.
The list of government rangers dead,
as low as 100 now, will almost certainly
A post card was received here today
from Ponderay, Idaho, dated August
24, and signed "T. TV. K." says: "The
bodies of 20 dead men and five living
men are at a ranch house on the' op
posite side of the river at Tuscar,
Mont. The five men suffer terrible
agony f romburns, and no doctor 'Is ob
tainable. A ranchman says there are
20 more bodies still in tle woods.'?
Missoula, Mont.. Aug. 26. Reports re
ceived today by district forester Greely
from the fire districts in Montana and
Idaho reveal the fact that the general
fighters are slowly gaining control and
all towns and settlements are out of
Pinchot Places Blame.
Washington, D. C, Aug. 26. Gifford
Pinchot, of the National Conservation
association, and former head of the
govexnjrventjpjforest service, in -a. state
ment issued today, holds that the loss
'of "property and life in the recent and
present forest fires was unnecessary.
The disastrous results, he says, are
traceable to unpreparedness to deal
with the fire situation. He scores the
members of congress who opposed ap
propriations for the proper equipment
of the forest rangers, and in that con
nection names senator Heyburn, of
Idaho, whose home town, "Wallace, suf
fered serious loss: senator Carter of
Montana, and representative Mondell, of
Spokane' "Wash., u 26. If the
stories of the men vho have returned
from the St. Joe country of Idaho are
to be believed, ihe loss of life- along
Big Creek, a tributary of the St. Joe
river, was appaHing and the dead in
Idaho, alone will number more than. 200,
even if ranger Joseph B. Halm and his
S4 men turn up, of which the forest of
ficer in "Wallace is not hopeful.
Two lumbermen say they saw 3 06 Ital
ian fire fighters burned to death, on, Big
A party of Austrian laborers report
the death of 17 of their comrades.
Thp loss of 27 A-mericjLn laborers, vho
I enlisted In Missoula is announced by
their surviving companions.
Supervisor "Wedgle has given up hope
for "the safety of Tanger Joseph B. Halm
and S4 men on the head waters of St.
Joe river last Saturday. A relief party
has scoured the whole country where
Haim was last seen. Other reports say
I that only 15 men are with Halm.
Ranger F. A. Ferns, at the head of a
still larger party on the St. Joe, is -safe.
The forest service announces the loss
of 27 men on Big Creek and it may be
(Continued on Page Two.)
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