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Ij 3RA.S0 EDER-AXD Satm"da"' SePt 10' 191- Te Herald's Farming News "
The HeraM's Farming News
5 & BUILDERS
AMD THE BST
m A t j JW.
I Tl BU! iNSl I MAILS fe
I ri iiCxi'IX'
I LET US
jH BbJHHH fff W K
Larger and Finer Store
Enable us to
Stock to Wleet the Growin
maud For Our High Class Good
MEET YOU AT THE NEW STORE
Summer Fallow For Winter Wheat
R. S. Trumbull, Agricultural Agent E. P. & S. W.
TN THEIR effort to successfully es
fi tablish agriculture in no,nirrigable
-. ,. to of x-rc- Mexico and other
parts of the soutriwest the settler?
are testing various methods of cult.
, r.ir nrj rnnninir. A method that
v-,c nntrihuted larsrely toward put-i
of the harvesting of this -wheat (one
year) -was 13.79 inches. Of this
amount, 7.94 inches fell bet-ween July
1 and the date -of seeding, September
13. The storing of this moisture in
tho. soil before seeding -was the fac
tor to which the success of the crop
cut. On this favored area the grain
stood 24 to 30 inches high, six to 12
inches higher than the Vest of the field.
I gathered and threshed the wheat
from a 10 by 10 foot area in the cen
ter .nf Mi fnvnren snot. The vield was
three pounds 12 ounces, or at the rate!
of 27.22 bushels per acre. Tnis neiu
was harvested the next day and It has
since been threshed, yielding between
nine and ten bushels per acre.
Summer Fallowing1 In I.nnd.
The statement is often made that
the evaporations is so great here as
to render futile any attempt at mois
ture conservation by summer fallow
ing. This Is true on adobe or very
"tight" land and not if the soil Is
somewhat "open" (sandy). Most of
the soil that is being farmed here,
hnwcvftr holds moisture very well, if
well tilled, and I have seen is suff i- j
ciently demonstrated in different local- j
ities (from Carrizozo north) that I am j
anxious to see summer fallowing given i
a thorough test by the farmers, es-i
pecially as a preparation for winter
Mixing Rations For Fowls,
and the Food Requirements
T HAS been found that 500 pounds, one ena or tne paten Killing tne pjanis
has contributed largely towam. put- , wIthout it the crop would
dug farming on a paying bas.s "M - . . t -s- inches of precipl-
other localities of lf Jt J ufuT here tation for its growth and failure
which has been tried er5 little "e, inevitable "a veri
ly the-, practice of. s?F nuroosel ned by other fields where seed waj
clean cultivation), aor the purpose I in gQll nofc previously moistenen ,
of storing moisture, m u. " . tb & consider,,ble dspth by summer fal
vlous to the planting of the crop. j lQwinff rp soll in this fleld was dried
About the middle of last June I re- . out tQ a depth of nearly eight feet by
f erred to a test piece of winter wheat thig .heat crop as shown by borings
maturing -near Corona, New Mexico. , maJe .. a goI1 augurj tho moisture
which was sown on summer falloweu . having. penetrated to a greater depth
land. At this writing I wish to merely than that in most of the fieldj at secd.
give the results without going into j ijj& time
to details involved which appeared , SevernI Humlre,i Acre Sown.
in the previous article, j several hundred acres of wheat were
4fcT:ie Average Yield. j sovrn last fall on. the mesa over which
I was on the field when the crop, the Dawson railway passes. The re
was harvested, June 29th, and learn- suU .as that most of it matured some
ino- thnt it was not apt to be taken , th. hest fieids vieldins 10 to 15
ca-re of in such a way that the 3'ie" bushels of good quality. None of this,
could be ascertained, I gathered t" v.'heat was sown on summer fallowed
crop from an area of 10 by 10 feet : land At seeaing time, however, about
...TM- co1rtrl from a Part Of the J ., miJJiA n-C 5ontmtr Tvhn in-1
field which I thought would repres
Cereals On the Arid Lands
From El Imparcial, Mexico City Translated for the El Paso Herald
ft the middle of September, while in
dent I 4.!J v. n c ,,i- nn11trnc nf
vestieratlnir the moisture conditions of
v. v.f-- nninoi-a.l finlflc T frmnr? in t
This sample was threshed on July l4tn, : fleM Qne mlIe south of RQy, an area
a-fter it naa qune iuuiuuS.uj """" "V about one-igntu acre in exiem wuicu
ouite closely the average of the field.
ii'LLfl It- ioJ. m-"- , 4
from It the following data were ob
TVeight of grains. 3 lbs. 12 oz
-n-Piirlit of straw, S lbs., 10 -oz.
Yield of grain per acre, 27.45 bu
from accidental causes had become
moistened to a depth of six feet to
fvnine feet. Tne conaitions existing on
I this spot were such as could be ex
pected to obtain in a summer fallowed
Yield OI grain pel ii-, -.. . i ei;itru IU uuui" " u'vi ...v,.. x,v
Yield of straw per acre, 37.57 pounds, j fieid at te samo date, so I think It fair
Oae Year's Rainfall
to use the results from this area for
k ropnH nf the precipitation at Co- making a comparison between wheat
rona has been kept since July 1. 1903,
about the time that the summer fal
lowing of this field began The pre
cipitation from that date to the time
raise on summer fallow and that
raised by the ordinary methods of the
farmers in this locality.
On July 4 the wheat was ready to
I Power I
Coming Events Cast Their Shadows Before
and the shadow of a fine healthy
heifer hetokens the coming of
plenty of rich, juicy beef. All
our meats are of guaranteed
freshness and tenderness, as we
handle only the hest fed cattle,
sheep and poultrj-, pork, veal,
lamb, mutton, hams and bacon.
Fine chops, steaks and cutlets.
All kinds of fancy joints fixed to
order. The choicest cuts reserved
when requested. "We solicit a trial,
believing that you are looking for
best quaities at reasonable prices.
Sirloin Steak, per lb 15c
T.Bone Steak, -per lb 17c
Prime Bib Roast, per lb 12c
Shoulder Roast, per lb 8c
Stew Meat, per lb 6c
Home Dressed Poultry
Home Made Sausage
,, . -, AUTO PHONE 2345.
213 N. Stanton St. bell phone isc.
'N THE good distribution of cul
tivation will depend the agri
cultural future of Mexico. Mex
ico possesses a vast region of arid
lands and an enormous amount of dry
lands. Therefore, far from increasing
the dismay, we must call to mind the
fact that "an arid land is better for
cereals than a dry land." In the
X-:.l C?nnc r -mni TT-!tVl 500 TnlllTTlP-
ters of rafinfall produces more than one j
of 500 milimeters. Is this not a para
dox? Hence, the difference between mi
arid land and a dry land is not i. t;ut-s-tion
of the degree of humidity, more
or less abundant; it is a graver ques
tion says engineer Felix Foex; it treats
of a different distribution of water,
which gives rise to two different vege
table and agricultural worlds. "If the
land is In its natural state, arid or dry.
it Is not due entirely to the climate,
but In a great measure to its own na
ture and situation. The following ex
nlolnc tlifc rHvJsinn:
In the permeable lands the rain wa- j
ter is filtered; when, notwitnstanumg
the evaporation, the land retains dur
ing the dry seasons some dampness, it
is called dry land. In the impermeable
lands, in which the rainfall remains
on the surface, and is easily evaporated
the humidity does not remain until the
dry season; these are called arid lands.
The dampness sinking slowly in the
arid lands, and remaining near the sur
face, enables it to be within reach of
the short roots. This is, therefore, the
reason that the arid lands are the more
favorable for the cultivation of cereals.
In the arid parts of southern Tunis,
which were not irrigable, cereals were
raised. Pliny gives a magnificent de
scription of the oasis of this region.
Salustlon qualifies as "the producer
of cereals, good for cau'", and unfer
tile in trees.
The northern part of Tunis, practi
cally arid, was famous for its produc
tion of cereals and known In histor-'
under the name of the granary of
Rome, says engineer Foe.t.
After consulting these facts of an
tiquity, let us see what Is now hap
pening in the United State-;, cvith lands
similar to those In Mctlco.
In the regions of Palouse, "Wahin
ton, and Idaho, a rainfall of 300 mili
meters is conceived enough to pro
duce a good crop of wheat. In Dail:s.
Ore., "without irrigation," the output
of wheat from 1897 to 1899 wis 17 hec
tolitres per hectar. on lands plowed in
summer. In 1900 It was from M to SI
hectolitres per hectar.
All these lands are arid, anl ran be
presented as an an examp'e. to he
Mexican agriculture But to btaiT
the good results of the Xorth American
it is necessary to prepare the lard,
which belongs to another chapter.
Bean and Honey Crops This Year
In El Paso Valleys Are Poor
THE bean crop this year has been
exceptionally poor in the Tl!o
Grande valley. The shortage of
rainfall, the absence of irrigation and
the hot, drying winds of July and Au
gust combined to cut down the yield
to less than 50 percent of normal.
Farmers have already been offered C
cents a pound for their beans, and that
for a crop that has not filled well In
Hore SelUnsr Cbeny.
The high price of alfalfa and the
prospects for a considerable further
advance has already had its effect up
on the price of horses in thi region.
People who have several animals are
disposing of those they can do with
out, and the poorer natives are sell-
HERE IS A RE&1EDY THAT
WILL CURE ECZEMA
"AVE PROVE IT."
"vVhyv waste time and money experi
menting with greasy salves and lotions,
trying to drive the eczema germ from
underneath the skin when the Knob
lauch Drug Store guarantees ZEMO, a
clean liquid preparation for external use
to rid the skin of the germ life that
causes the trouble? One application will
relieve the Itching and often times one
bottle is sufficient to cure a minor case
In over 2000 towns and cities in
America, the leading druggist has the
agency for ZEMO and he will tell you
of the marvelous cures made by this
clean, simple treatment. ZEMO is rec
ognized as the cleanest and most popu
lar treatment for eczema, pimples, dan-
I druff and-, all other forms of skin or
scalp afections whether on infant or
grown person. Will' you try a bottle on
Knoblauch Drug Store.
of hens in full laying, represent
ing some 125 hens ranging in
weight from three to five pounds would
require per day:
Dry matter, 27.5 pounds.
Ash, 1.5 pounds.
Protein, 5.0 pounds.
Carbohydrates. 1S.75 pounds.
Fat, 1.75 pounds.
This gives a nutritive ratio of 1:4.6.
The nutFitive ration in feeding stuffs
is the ratio between the digestible pro
tein and the digestible carbohydrates
and other extract mostly fat. Since
the fat or digestible ether extract has
practically two and a quarter times the
heat value as the carbohydrates, the
fat is multiplied by this factor, added
to the carbohydrates and the sum is
there divided by the protein.
Alfalfa Rich Food.
L,et us take alfalfa hay as an ex
ample: The protein is 11 percent, the
sum of the carbohj'drates and the fat,
multiplied by 2 1-4, is 42.3 percent; con
sequently. 42.3 divided by the prctein,
11. equals 3.S. The nutritive ratio of al
falfa is therefore 1:S.S. meaning that
the protein multiplied by S.S equals the
carbohydrates and 2 1-4 times the fat.
or, in other words, the relationship of
the protein of alfalfa to its total carbohydrates.
A Good Mixture.
the correct proportion of nutrients to
secure the best results.
An Explanatory Table.
The following table, worked up by
professor J. E. Rice, will enable a
poultry raiser to ascertain whether or
not he Is giving his fowls the necessary
nutrients. It will also heln him to
j mix the rations to secure desired re
sults. The table gives the weight of
each constituent In one pound of food,
consequently one need only multlp'y
the weights by the pounds ' desired to
there, but that they roamed about
without injury to the crowns of the al
Same Proportions "ot Rcqnlre-l.
Professor Rice has nointed .out that ' secure the required result:
fowls do not always use the nutrients L p S
in the same proportion. Hens kept. in J P 5 ZZ. Z-
cold quarters or compelled to take vig- I 3.2.""
orous exercise require nutrients with j
a high fuel value; hens, toe. that are j
in full laying require quantities of
protein n order to secrete the white j
of the egg, which is a form of yrotein
Fowls are able to a certain extent to
adjust themselves to rations that ire
r o z.
a . - -
- - jouuiiurtci seeus
ueiicieni in camonyarates. inrougn tnis j yviieat
yiowsion oi nature, iowis are aDie to
survive under misuse. When there is
a deficiency of carboryd rates, the fowl
uses up protein, a more expensive
food. Also, a very narrow ration, one
very rich In protein, overworks the
kidneys and liver, and nay result in
Impaired digestion and loss of production.
.075 .94f .12,.851:7.1
-10 .91i .12.73!1:7.2
Wheat screenings .11 .90 .09j.55l:5.6
Wheat middlings . .12 .Sl .12L601.4.7
Must Have Protei.i.
However, fowls are not able to ad
just themselves to rations deficient ;n
protein. When there is a shortage ot
protein in the food, the hens eat more
carbohydrate food in an effort to sup
ply this deficiency than can be proper-
Meat scraps . . .
Groen cut bone
Skim milk . .
.12 .931 .12J.45I1.3.S
.11 -92J .09J.56'1:6.2
.14 -S9 .0S.52il:5.S
.11 .90 .071.76(1.9.7
0S .99 .11 .42il -3.S
.34 .76 .1S.43!1 5.3
.90f .10r .02J.05J1.4.5
.Soj ,16 .011.0911:51,
.S7 .14 .01.10H:5.1
.90? .10k .01.071.7.7
Suppose now that we wish to mix j ly digested and assimilated. This ex
a ration that has a ratio of 1:5 for hens cess of carbohydrates produce fatness:
in full laying, using such leeas as are j In extreme cases, starvation, becaus
Learn at COLLEGE or BY MAH
find the following equivalents:
"3 G o
easily procurable in our markets. Re- tlley cannot eat enough food to supplv
ferrinc to the tables given below, we j thp neeessarv nrotein. If the chickens :
j are getting too fat. cut down o. t ich ! r 'VVy ' nrto I
j carbohydrate foods, feeding rich pro- , yjXjff,
3 " tein foods instead: do not feed so much, i Otvvy
C and Induce the fowls to exercise more.
. I With fowls that have free range, the
. accurate balancing of rations is not in(orse all other business collegas COMBINED,
j so vital, but if thev are kept closed in Bookkeeping, Shorthand, Penmanship, etc
Vs 2 "" i.
a 17 Staig V ir
a . - t '
" . : a .
I . ' a "
: . . v. :
Corn ....."10 S.9 .79 7.G4 .15 1:9.7
Wheat 10 .9.0 1.02 7.30 .18 1:7.2
Oats .- .5 Vl.4 .46 2.S4 .15 1:6.2
Alfalfa ... 3 2.7 3.3 1.26 .22 1:3.8
Meat scraps 2 1.7 1.32 .66 .08 1:0.5
where thev cannot eat leaves, see?5; FOSUlONS secured. Catalogue FREE. Adaress
and insects, it is necessary to provide R. F. DAVIS El Paso, Tex., ar Douglas. A.'lz.
ing all they do not absolutely need, to
save the expense of buying expensive
The shortage of river water has also
had its effect upon this year's honey
crop. The Mesilla valley is well known
for the delicious alfalfa and mosquite
honey produced in its large apiaries.
Where during a good year, a strong
colony of bees may be depended upon
for 100 pounds of honey, now only
about 40 pounds will be extracted.
Near Anthony, however, the , alfalfa
fields do not seern to have felt the
drouth so much and the yield there is
about 90 pounds per hive.
Onion Market Stronu:.
The onion market in this region and
over the whole country this season is
verv strong. In F.1 Paco, the retail price
is 5 cents per pourd, the farmer se
cures onlv 2 cents or less. The thrip
injured the crop here and in south
Texas. The shortage in Texas onions
has broi'ght the price up from $1.50
and 2.00 rer barrel for last year, to
$3.00 to $3.50 this year Kentucky
onions last year brought 75 cents to
$1.25. this season all are taken bv
shippers at $2.50 to $2.75 per barrel.
Jersev white onions this year are
brircing $1.50 per hasket, over last
year's 73 cents to $1.00.
The Dangerous Injects.
The onion thrips which injured the
onion crop so seriously this year are
small yellowish insects with four nar
row wings. When alarmed they thrust
the ends of their bodies up as though
they were trying to sting. Their mouth
parts indicate that they are a form be
tween tho sucking and biting insects
and arc used chiefly for sucking the
juices from the onion tops. The tops
turn white when punctured and . die.
The insect may be easily killed by
spraying with a solution made uv ot
one pound whale oil soap to four gal
lons of water.
Totals ..30 26.7 3.92 19.70 .7S 1:5.0
Comparing the footings with the
first table giving the requirements, it
is seen that 30 pounds of the mixture
practically includes the constituents
bage. mangels, or turnips economically, I e
it would of course be the best to In- , l!
elude 3 or 10 pounds in the daily ra
On the Long poultry farm at San Eli
zarip a ratio of 1:4.6 is used In mixing
the rations for laj'ing hens. It is the
practice of Mr. Franklin, the manager,
to feed cracked corn and wheat, cut
oats, cane and millet seed, and charcoal
in a mixture which is always kept be
fore the hens. He also keeps hoppers
filled with a dry mash of bran, shorts,
cornmeal, cottonseed meal, beef meal,
charcoal and a mall quanti'v ,f salt.
The leaves of alfalfa that fall off dur-inc-
balintr are kent and fed to the
hens. The chickens are allowed to run
on growing alfa'fa at all times. It
was noticeable that where they had
access to the alfalfa runs at pleasure
they did not confine their feeding -
I WE LEAD OTHERS FOLLOW. 1
I The T I
AT SODA FOUNTAINS OR ELSEWHERE
Original and Genuine
RICH MILK, MALT GRAIN EXTRACT, IN POWDER
Hot any if!k Trust
0(f Insist on "HORLICK'S1'
Xaio aacli-a4e bama
With each cash purchase of $5.00 of other
This offer cgoocl for Mondajr, Tuesday and
jg lYrail orders received as late as xJiursaay.
I Sept. 15th, AvUl beiven advantage of the above