Newspaper Page Text
EDITORIAL AND MAGAZINE PAGE
Th-ursday, Nov. 3, 1910.
EL PASO HERALD
Established April. 1SS1. The El Paso Herald Includes also, by absorption and
succession. The Dally News. The Telegraph, The Telegram. The Tribune,
The Graphic. The Sun, The Advertiser, The Independent,
The Journal, The Republican. The Bulletin.
MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS AXD A3IER. KBWSP. PUBLISHERS' ASSOC
Entered at the Postottlce in El Paso. Tex., as Second Class Matter.
-i . - . -.-. - .
Indicated to the service of the people, that no good cause shall lack a cham
pion, and that evil shall not thrive unopposed.
The Dally Herald Is issued six days a week and the Weekly Herald Is published
every Thursday, at El Paso, Texas; and the Sunday Mail Edition
Is also sent to Weekly Subscribers.
Business office . "JH
Editorial Rooms 2020
Society Reporter 10
Advertising department ... H
. TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION.
Daily Herald, per month, 60c; per year, ?7.00. Weekly Herald, per year $2.00.
The Dailv Herald is delivered by carriers in El Paso, East El Paso, Fort
Bliss and Towne, Texas, and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, at 60 cents a month.
A subscriber desiring the address on his paper changed -will please scat
In his communication both the old and the new address.
chnihr fonimr tn a-Afr Tim "Herald nromntlv should call At! the- office or
telephone No. 115 before 6:30 p. m. All complaints will receive prompt atten
Tho Herald bases
contracts on a
more than twice
the circulation of
any other El
? a s o Arizona,
New Mexico or
West Texas pa
per. Dally a.verage
Btfyyr w 9
Tfe JLaaad&am f AmadctS
- t .. i
r JUTSracars lat CTMH
' itackalalieaKlhvpab&atios. The detel
.rspca ca zmmqk u wu,
- Nr Ycr && at
Jmc igsra at tkcaUboa
m It t rfifcrf1
Setting a New
ARTESIA and Hope, N. M., are setting a splendid example for El Paso, ana
rather putting us to shame, by their action in undertaking to raise money
to build a railroad, connecting the two towns. The proposed railroad would
naturally be one section of the long talked of short line from. El Paso to the Pecos
valley. In a few hours the little town of Hope that was not even on the map a
few years ago succeeded in raising more money for this project than El Paso has
succeeded in raising in the ten years that the scheme has been under discussion.
The basis of subscriptions for" the proposed road is so much per acre on all the
lands to be directly or indirectly benefited. If this ideal cooperative plan proves
successful in this instance, these progressive communities of the Pecos basin will
have set a forward pace that the people of this community will have great diffi
culty in catching up with.
Is it possible that the name has anything to do with it? Hope seems to be
lieve that '-faith without works is dead," but it is to be hoped that the name El
Paso will not come to merit iJie, traditional cowman's translation, "I pass."
J. F. Elliott has a four legged chicken on exhibition at the El Paso fair; it is
understood that this variety will be bred especially for the boarding house trade.
Ten years without interest the farmers will have after the first crop year to
repay to the government the cost of irrigation works. ' On any piece of producing
land the tax will be small. Hon-producing land cannot be held for speculative
Iowa's farm land values have increased by $1,500,000,000 in the last decade,
the present value being nearly $3,000,000,000. This figure refers only to the lands,
while the value of farm buildings has risen from $240,000,000 to $455,000,000.
Practically all this increase is represented in the net surplus earnings or profits of
the farmers, for farm loans have not tended to increase. The total acreage has
slightly decreased, but the expenditures for labor have increased more than half,
notwithstanding that the number of farm laborers is no larger than before. The
- increase represents increased wage rates.
El Paso is not alone in granting comparative immunity to murderers. In the
last four years -there have been 663 homicides in Chicago; in only two cases was
capital punishment inflicted, 42 murderers were given life sentences, 88 were given
sentences of varying terms of imprisonment, and the remainder were acquitted on
trial, or their cases -were never brought to trial. There are three times as many
homicides in Texas as in Chicago in proportion to the population. There is not a
state in the union that can compare with any European country in the strict en
forcement of the laws against homicide. The homicide rate in the United States
exceeds the rate in any other country that
GOVERNMENT'S determination to construct the Elephant Butte dam and
other irrigation works in this valley by "force account" instead of by
contract is not only gratifying news to the people of this valley by reason
of the year's time this system promises to save, but it is also a strong testimonial
to the splendid administration of the reclaniation service under its present direc
tor. "Force account" means that the government, as represented by the reclama
tion service engineers in the field, will buy its own material and employ its
own men, carrying on the work of construction after the manner of any well or
ganized big private business. Bids will be called for in all cases possible, in order
to obtain the best prices on materials and supplies. The direction of the work,
however, will be entirely in the hands of government engineers, and labor will
be employed directly on government account.
Ever since this project vras definitely decided upon, the engineers of the re
clamation service have contended for the plan which has now been adopted. It
has been -well understood by the engineers that any contractor well posted m his
line of work would hedge securely against any chance of losing money by reason
of unforeseen conditions that might arise during construction; consequently the
bids of responsible contractors would all be excessively high, providing everything
went off smoothly without unlooked for interference, while the lower bids, espe
cially of contracting firms not very strong financially, would represent a gamble
en the part of the contractor that everything would go forward without interrup
tion, and the arising of unforeseen conditions in such a case would mean the Bank
ruptcy of the contractors and a long delay possibly of several years m resuming
Under the plan now adopted, the government acting as the agent of the land
owners who are to pay the final cost of the work, will be In position to take ad
vantage of every possible saving all along the line, and if everything goes smooth
ly the landowners will get the benefit of cheaper construction and a considerable
saving in timev while in case unforeseen obstacles arise, che government will be
in better position to meet and overcome them in the most economical way than
any contractor would be.
As a declaration of confidence in the present administration of the reclama
tion service te determination on the part of the government to leave the spend
ing of nearly $10,000,000 in the hands of the reclamation engineers is deeply grati
fying to all who have watched the development and magnificent work of the serv
ice since it was organized eight years ago.
- o "
The Mormon exhibit from the Chihuahua colonies takes nearly all the best
prizes in the horticultural department at the fair. A few incidents like this
ought to wake our people up to what they are missing. There is absolutely no
excuse for not developing and colonizing our valley lands now without waiting;
for the big dam to be completed.
The use of a few thousand more labels at the fair in the various exhibits
vxmld assist the understanding and add to the enjoyment of the people. In the
special departments, like poultry, dogs, and mining, the exhibits are no doubt
a.ranged all right for the benefit of specialists; but for the general public they
are much less interesting and valuable than they would be if every exhibit were
properly labeled with a few words of description.
The Rock Island (N. M.) Tribune heads a column of miscellaneous news in
this way, "There are any number of good things here mentioned; they should
interest and please the reader." Under the above heading the subheads include
f uch items as, "Death of David B. Hill,1 "Senator Aldrich run down by an auto
mcbile,' "Crippen sentenced to hang," "Destructive storms in Italy; Death list
exceeds 200." Such a department heading for such news certainly sounds blood
thirsty; did the moon shine red that night in Rock Island?
Vi V V m V f V t V,
to subscribe for
The Herald should
beware of impos
tors and should
not pay money to
anyone unless he
can show that ha
is legally author
ised br the El
" 1 1 I .
wrm w nK p -
the AwoosBaa. n
iiiiflitflr - - -
Pace For Us
claims to be civilized.
EACH day the peril hunters find some new and frightful bugaboo; it is not
strange the public mind is often showing shades of blue. We're being robbed
by ruthless hands, of all our rights we are bereft; and heartless plutocratic
bands are preying on us right and left. They're stealing all our wood and coal,
they've burglarized our. watersites; by day they put 113 in the hole and rob our
chickencoops by night. The druggists sell us poisoned dope,
THE PERIL the grocers sell us wooden beans; alas! there is no ray of
HUNTERS hope for those who read, the magazines! And still we seem
to jog along, in quqite an easy, well-fed way; we wouldn't
know that things are wrong, but that we're told so every da-. We seem to throw
in three square meals, and have a place to seek repose; and when, we need some
extra -wheels TVe do not have to pawn our clothes. So let the peril hunters scream,
and write their hot and throbbing stuff; prosperity may be a dream, but while it
lasts it's good enough.
Copyright, 1910, by Georga Matthews
To Save Her Name
(By Jacques Carter).
ALL his life Leonard Parfitt had
been given to indecision. He
was undecided now, as he sat
on the Quai National at Lucerne and
looked across the blue waters of the
lake to the jagged crest of Pllatus.
Should he direct his steps home to
England, where April is always a
doubtful quantity, ore down by the St.
Gothard to Italy, where spring was
already a full realization?
Leonard resolved to do what no per
son of decisive mind ever does to toss
for it The coin dropped to earth, and
"Excuse me sir, but have you lost
something?" The question came from
a middle aged man the only other oc
cupant oof the seat who had been
quietly regarding Leonard's move
ments. "If it's money you lost, we may as
well look for It."
The man, who was fairly stout, went
right down upon his knees, and felt
in the -narrow 'space between the
woodwork of the seat and the"ground.
In a moment he rose triumphant, the
coin held between his forefinger and
Handing it to Leonard, he started
vigorously brushing his trousers.
Leonard thanked him. He felt vexed,
uncomfortable, reproved. For a man
of character, and of obviously soma
Importance, to have gone down on
bended knees in his service and such
a ridiculous service was almost hu
miliating. "May I ask what knotty point you
The stranger smiled, but it was not
a sarcastic smile. He looked thought- j
ful. He was obviously studying Leon
ard, summing up his characteristics.
"I take it, then," he observed, "that
really a straw would decide for you
which way the wind blew?"
"Would you decide to go back to
England if. by so doing you might
perform a small service for me?"
"Like a shot."
Again the stranger smiled. He liked
the youthfulness of Leonard's reply.
"The train is not due at Charing Cross
till 3:35 in the afternoon." Tou wHI be
tired then. -My errand can wait till
the following morning. If you will
promise to execute it the first thing "
The stranger felt in his pocket and
produced a small parcel. ,
I "Take this in your hand. It's quite
light, isn't it? It will slip easily into
the coat pocket you are now wearing.
I shall be very much obliged if you
will take it to London for me and
deliver it in person, not later than the ,
day .after tomorrow, at the address
shown on the label ilr. Johnson, 8
Durham street, Strand.
'T shall be very pleased to fulfil this
little commission for you."
The amazing- man got up.
No word was spoken, but the hand
clasp was a pledge of mutual confi
When the last stage of the journey '
was over, and Leonard found himself ' mJ' mother's maiden name. I took that
in a bedroom at the Charing Cross pseudonym because I didn't want my
hotel, he heaved a sigh of relief. He real identity known. You will recog
would go to bed early tonight. He , nlze my proper name at once when I
bad slnf hadlv durine- tho loner run i
from Bale to Boulogne, and he was
sure that anxiety over that precious
parcel was the cause.
But now he was on English soil In
the heart of London, and the terror of '
customs, and f all other train brig-
ands, was happily a thing of the past
Determined to be relieved as soon as
possible of his responsibility, Leonard
started along the Strand directly after
breakfast next morning, and event- ;
uallv Daused outside No. 8 Durham
ually paused outside No. 8 Durham
It was a jeweler's shop. Now Leon
ard had been hoping against hope that
it might not be a jeweler. Leonard
crossed to the counter.
"I believe this is Mr. Johnson's?"
is he er in?"
"No, sir. He lives down In the coun
try, and isn't home very early in the
day. I expect him In in about another
20 minutes. Will you come back, sir?"
"Thank you, I don't think I need, if
jou will kindly g've him this package
directly he comes in. Good morning!"
"Good morning, sir'"
Leonard was .soon oat of the shop,
breathing easily, his ordeal was over.
He was free of his parcel and of re
sponsibility attaching thereto, He i
tripped lightly back to Charing Cross
Leonard's home was in the Midlands,
Now that his commission in London
had been successfully fulfilled there I
was no Teason why he should not go
straight down and see his people.
That afternoon and evening "passed
very agreeably. His mother and sis
ters made much of him, and listened
with profound interest to the recital of
his adventures in Switzerland.
In the morning, when the entranced
circle was forced to dissolve Over its
household duties, Leonard sauntered
forth to the station bookstall to get a
London newspaper. Not that he ex
pected anything of Importance to have
happened. To buy a daily paper was
merely a matter of habit with him in
this country. Abroad he sometimes
never looked at a paper for weeks to
gether. That had certainly been the
case of late. m
He opened the paper listlessly and
started. What was this facing him in
"THE GREAT JEWEL ROBBERY.
'EXTRAORDINARY RECOVERY OF J
STOLEN DIAMOND NECKLACE.
"INTERVIEW WITH MR. JOHNSON,
"Our readers will remember the dar
ing robbery which took place about a
month ago at Mr. Johnson's, the well
known jeweler, of 8 Durham street.
Strand. On the first day ol his sale,
when" the-'shop was -more "or 'less
Daily Short Story
crowded with customers, a diamond
necklace valued at $30,000, was stolen.
The thief has not up to the present
been traced, but yesterday the affair
had a most extraordinary sequel.
"Shortly before 9:30 a. m. a young
man called and left a small package
addressed to Mr. Johnson. The gen
tleman not having yet arrived at his
place of business (the visitor was
doubtless perfectly aware that Mr.
Johnson was never to be seen at that
hour), the parcel '-remained unopened
until long after the young man had
"In due course Mr. Johnson reached
the shop, and. on opening the parcel,
was astonished -beyond measure to find
inside the diamond necklace, complete
Leonard sat down on a stile and pon
dered. Judging from aappeaxances,
that mysterious stranger at Lucerne
had stolen the necklace and, overtaken
by an evtraordinary mood of penitence,
had adopted an equally extraordinary
method of restoring the stolen prop
What should he do? The common
opinion would be that he should go
direct to London and put the police
in possession of all the facts that he
knew. But was it incumbent upon
him to do anj-thing of this kind? For
one thing, he hated the notoriety that
would Inevitably be his lot. For an
other, his story was so unusual that
it might not be believed, and awkward
circumstances might ensue for both
himself and his people. And for air
other, Johnson was not a penny worse
off for the robbery; indeed, he had
secured from the queer trend of the
case a most excellent and profitable
Of course, the appeal of the "Daily
Tatler," guardian of the interests of
justice, was hard to withstand; but
in the end Leonard brought himself to
resist even that.
He tore, the paper to shreds, threw
the fragments over into an adjacent
field, and resumed his walk home as
if nothing rn the world had happened.
It was a year and a half later, and
Leonard Parfitt found himself again
in Switzerland at Pontresina.
Now, up to the present, as you have
probably guessed' from no references
thereto, Leonard had been hr,art whole.
At Pontresina he found his fate in the
person of one Olive Olive Trevor
Mann, as the visitor's book ' had it.
They climbed mountains together, and
when they were tired of scaling the
heights, they sat and chattered be
neath the pines, with the squirrels
scampering about them. And there,
with the music of the Bermlna in their
ars, Leonard opened his heart.
She stopped him halfway. He glanced
around, but they were still alone, and
he looked at her for an explanation.
"You really know bo little about me,"
"I know, Olive, that you are the one
woman for me, the one "
"But I have deceived you deceived
everybody here. I have no right to
the name Mann, and Trevor was only
tell you it. Its Olive .aierriaew.
"You're Olive Merrldew. the singer?"
"Yes!" She felt that she must talk f
lightly or shriek. "And you never
suspected that I had the least bit of
a voice, did you? I haven't sung a
ote here, not even to myself. You
don't know what a terrible time I hava
been having lately In London. It was
Dad enough when I was in comic opera,
but when they promoted me to grand
opera and covent harden, fame grew
quite a terrible thing. When I was
run down at the end of the season, and
was1 recommended to come here for my
nerves, I resolved to shed my Identity
entirely for the time being. It was
easier than you might expect, for luck
ily I had managed to resist all the
blandishments of photographers ir
London. But now I have had to con
fess to you, haven't I?"
He was down in the depths and
showed It. He had wooed, one whom
he thought was an ordinary woman,
and behold she was a queen of song.
It would be kinder of her to give him
his dismissal at once.
"Oh, don't look at me like that,
please! Have Idone so very wrong?
Do v)u mind 'my having made a
"No, it's not that. You don't really
suspect me of such meanness, do you?
Ot course, I realize now how impos-
sible -what a fool I've been"
T.Andl. 1 m realIzinS how a man I
thouht ,qulte original can yet be
xt,r.rf Wlin xne Druau ot convention
"Oh, you dear, stupid old thing! For
give the adjectives, but if I abuse, you
a little you'll find your way sooner to
the truth. Don't you know that loe
between man and woman, has nothing
to do with fame? Fame doesn't enter
into the calculation. I can't help lov
ing like a plain ordinary, average wo
man, and because I love you, it's you
who appear to me to be gifted, clever,
mountain heights above me.
"I've never taken a step in my life
without consulting father. He has been
both father and mother to me for a
good many years. He isn't an ogre
don't imagine that but I do like to
refer everything to him, and especially
an Important matter like marriage.
Everything's happening providentially,
because he is coming out in a couple of
days to fetch me home."
Leonard waited thee two days. They
were days of 24 hours apiece, but he
managed to live them through.
"Father's come," she announced at
Shifting uneasily from chair to chair,
Leonard had been the only occupant
of the smoking -room for some 20 min
utes before the door handle turned.'
-There entered' the mysterious -person'
Formation Of Republican Party b7
X CONGRESSIONAL CAMPAIGNS JZZZIL.
HE "off" year congressional cara-
paign of 1S54 is perhaps the
most interesting in the whole
course of our political history, since
it gave birth to the Republican party
which ever since has ruled the nation,
with the exception of two years in the
second Cleveland administration, when
the Democrats controlled president,
senate and house of representatives.
The first Republican victory was
achieved without the aid of a party
name, a party platform, a political or
ganization or a national campaign. It
had none of the adventitious aids of
machine manipulation. It was a great
'ground-swell" of outraged public
opinion in opposition to a certain spe
cific measure of the administration and
the congressional majority. It was the
first time that a new political party
won a national election in the first
year of its existence, but it did ac
complish that very thing although the
members chosen were gru: ed under
the heading "Anti-Nebraska" and many
of them for a time declined to be call
Clay and Webster effected the cor.-.
promise of 1850 by which California
was admitted as a free state, and by
which many great concessions were
made to the slavery interests, includ
ing the right of New Mexico to de
cide for Itself whether it would be
free or slave territory. Tho compro
mise of 1850 was originated by a
southern slave owning, whig. Clay,
under the aegis of a southern slave
owning whig president, Taylor. Tay
lor died while the discussion was in
progress. The compromise found its
chief defender in Webster, a northern
whig, and the fugitive slave bll, pass
ed under its terms, was signed by 'Mil
lard Fillmore, another northern wnig.
Although the compromise upset the
balance of power between rre and
slave states in the senate, Califora3
being free, the "conscience Whigs
of the north looked upon it as a sur
render to the slave power. The south
ern Whigs were rapidly deserting to
the Democratic party.
End of the Whig Party.
The year 1S52 marked: the end of th
Whig party, and by a strange coinci-
aence both the great Whig leaders
Clay and Webster died in that same
year. The Whigs nominated general
Winfield Scott for president, not be
cause they trusted him, but because
he was a hero of the war of 1S12 and
the war with Mexico. The Whigs had
never elected a president but twice
and each time it was a war hero who
pulled the party through Harrison and
Taylor. They tried it once again. Scott
am not appeal to the popular fancy. Ho
had flirted with "Knownothingism" and
was persona non grata with the for
eign- oorn voters, although on the
stump he attempted to wheedle them by
praising their "rich Irish brogue" and
their "sweet German accent."
Daniel Webster permitted a bolting
faction of Union Whigs to nominate
him for president, but he died a few
weeks before he election. The Dem
ocrats had named another "dark
"horse" Franklin Pierce of New
f Hampshire. When the votes were
counted it was found that Scott had
oniy 4J electoral votes to 254 for
Pierce. The Whig candidate carried
but four states, Massachusetts and1
Vermont in the north, Tennessee and
Kentucky in the south. It was tho
end of whiggery.
Democrat In Full Povrer.
The Pierce administration, began
with the Democrats ih full nower.
They had an overwhelming majority
or ooth houses of congress and their
ancient adversary the Whijr party was
crushed to death. Timers were some
uncomfortable Free Soilers and some
vociferous Conscience Whigs, bu: Web
ster and Clay in 1850 had stilW the
anti-slavery agitation .md there ap
peared to be political Mjace. Cenrain
ly the Democrat did not think their
power coull bo quest! ned for ears
to come. The compromise of 1850 had
settled the slavery question. The elec
tion of 1852 had killed the Whig party.
The Abolitionists were discredited.
There was a peace.
Uncle Tom's Cabin Appears.
But the slavery issue was again to
be brought to the fore, but not by
the Abolitionists. "Uncle Tom's Ca
bin" appeared in 1852, and it created
a great wave of anti-slavery senti
ment at the north. The sout cried
out In vain against its untruthfulness
Mrs. Stowe had caught the popular
who had given him the package at
Lucerne. A little older, grayer, more
bent, but the "same man without a
"Mr. Parfitt? I am Olive's father. I
am very pleased to meet you. Snail we
Mr. Merrldew looked Leonard keenly,
squarely in the face without the faint
est light of recognition in his eyes.
Leonard's beard had effectually dis
"Perhaps you ought to know some
thing about me, before you proceed
any further. I don't know if it will
have any bearing on what you are
going to tell me, but it might. You
and I have met before."
"Have we? Where was it?"
"On a seat in the Quai National at
Lucerne. I was the young man to
whom you gave that package."
"You? Let me look at you! Yes, I
do see the likeness now. Good heav
ens, how wonderful!"
It was not the expression of a man
who had anything to fear from the dis
"I fulfilled your commission, Mr. Mer
ridew, to the letter. If you read the
papers at all, you woufd see what fol
lowed." "My boy. I was about to ,tell you
everything before I knew that you
were the man. And there's a double
necessity now for your knowing the
whole truth. Have you any idea how
you served Olive 'by taking back tnat
package to Johnson's?"
"Not the slightest! Of course, I
knew that the necklace was stolen."
"It was not 'stolen not wilfully
stolen. Some years back Olive devel
oped kleptomania. There that's the
secret of the mystery, and I tell you
It now all the more gladly because
Olive has been absolutely cured. At
the first the mania showed Itself in
petty thefts, and I was able to restore
the things quietly or recompense the
owners. Then came the theft of that
diamond necklace at Johnson's. I found
it in her room at our hotel in Lucerne,
some weeks after the robbery; from
the description that had appeared in
the papers I recognized it at once.
"Can you wonder that I wanted to
return it secretly to its owner, and
adopted the means t'hat you know?
Here was Olive at the very start of
what promised to be a fine career as a -
chord at the north. As is nearly al
ways the case professioial politicians
could not read the signs of the times.
The great Democratic victory of J S3:
was interpreted to mean that all ef
fective opposition to slavery extension
was dead. Senator Douglas of Illinois
introduced in the senate the famous
Kansas-Nebraska bill, providing for
the organization of the territory of
Nebraska and leaving the question cf
slavery to be determined by the petv
ple of the new territory. This, of
course, nullified the Missouri Com
promise of 1820 which provided Uiat
after Missouri was admitted no new
slave state should exist north of the
boundary of Missouri. But the Kansas'
Nebraska bill was not enough. Doug
las accepted an amendment specifically
repealing the Missouri Compromise.
The bill passed both houses after fur
ious debates and was signed by pi evi
dent Pierce in May, 1854. The bill vas
a distinct pro-slavery measure, yet it
was introduced t,r a aoi'thera sena
tor, passed by a congress in both
houses of which there w.is a inaiority
of northern men, and was signed by a
Fonninsr a Nevr Party.
A meeting of anti-slavery Whigs
and Free Soil Democrats at Ripon, Wis
consin in March, 1854, was the first
organized efrort to form a new party.
New party movements and political
revolutions generally have come out
of the west, and this was no exception.
The Ripon meeting resulted in the,
formal dissolution of the local com
mittees of the Whigs and Free Soilers,
and the substitution of a new com
mittee composed of three Whigs, 'one
Free Soil Democrat, and one Demo
crat. The name "Republican" was then
suggested, but not adopted. A. few
months later, at Jackson, Mich, the new
party was formally launched. It did
not insist upon the name, but invited
the cooperation of all anti-slavery
Whigs, all Free Soil Democrats, and 1
an .Democrats opposed to the Douglas
measures. The Democrats were in the
majority, so the campaign as it prog
ressed grew into a battle between the
administration Democrats on one side
and the anti-Nebraska coalition on the
other. The result was that the new
house of representatives chosen in 1854
was made up of 75 Democrats, 40
Know-Nothings, 108 anti-Nebraska men
and about 20 who were undecided what
party to join. When the same con
gress came to an end the party align
ment was 108 Republicans, 83 Demo
crats and 43 Americans, or Know
It was evident that no party could
reconcile its northern and southern
members. They might be brought to
vote for a presidential candidate, but
their action in congress would be rul
ed largely by sectional feeling. The
northerners in both old parties had
compromised with the southern wing.
Now the great outburst of public in
dignation against the repeal of the Mis
souri Compromise made possible the
formation of a purely sectional party
a party which had no southern wing
to treat with, which expected no 'south
ern votes, and which could, therefore
ignore the south.
First RepHbllcaa Coaventloa.
Two years later, in 1856, the new
Republican party held its first nation
al convention and nominated for the
presidency general John C. Fremont.
The Know-Nothings held their only na
tional convention and named Millard
. - -m..u.w
JMiimore, who was afterwards endors-
ed by a sad gathering of the remnant
of the Whigs. The Democrats nominat-
ed .James Buchanan, who was elected
The Xemocrats carried five free states
California, Illinois, Indiana, New
Jersey and Pennsylvania. For .tlfe
first time a sectional party had made
a great campaign, Fremont getting 114 1
electorial votes to 174 for Buchanan,
and eight, those of Maryland, for Fill
more. The Republican party had no
ticket in 11 states, the same which
afterward seceded, with the exception
that "Missouri had no ticket while Vir
ginia cast only 291 Republican votes.
In Delaware, Kentucky and Maryland
the Republican vote was less than 400.
There was a reaction throughout the
country and the thirty-fifth congress
was largely Democratic and the Bucha
nan administration began with a fa
vorable majority in both houses of con
gress. It was declared that the sec
tional party had failed.
But Abraham Lincoln had said that
this nation could not exist half slave
singer. If this terrible truth were
known, her whole career would have
been blighted. It was because I cared
for ber and her future so much that I
acted as I did. I was resolved that
my name our name should not ap
pear. I was wrapped up In my girl,
and thought little, I'm afraid, of the
man to whom I gave the necklace to
take back. If it is any consolation to
you now, you were serving the girl
I am going to give you as a wife."
"Consolation, Mr. Merrldew? Why,
that's the act of my life I am proudest
and happiest to have committed!"
"I thought" you would feel like that
now. Shall we go and find Olive? Re
member, not a word to her now or ever
of all I have told you. The world has
iorgotten tne tnett at Johnson's, we j
will forget it too."
(IVom The Herald of
Ketelsen came up this morning
Dr. Penrose went north this morning
to Pueblo. ,
Samuel Schutz and son, Adolph, ret
turned home today from, their New
York business trip. I
Mrs. McLiesh and her mother, Mrs.
Ritchie, are In town from Sabinal en
route to Cincinnati.
Mrs. J. P. Sparks and daughters,
Mis&es LUlie and Laura, have removed
to El Paso from Kingston, N. M.
Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Brown and Miss
Jessie Todd, Mrs. Brown's sister, left
this morning for Denver en route to
Mrs. Levy and Misses Pauline and
Stella Levy, left this afternoon for
Nashville, Tenn., wJhere they will re
main. The voting opened this morning
slowly, and by 10:30 a. m., a smaller
vote than expected had been polled in
a presidential eiectlom
The date for the coming bicycle mieet
is Thanksgiving day at 2:30 p. m.
Twenty-three carloads of oxaue
came up from the south t'nls morning
and went north over the Santa Fe.
H. L. Newman received a messac-e
from St. Louis this noon to the effect
1H BOMB COLLAR
Tipton Bud has sold his shot gun an
'11 quit tryin' t' raise chickens. Ther's
too many folks in this country that jist
read th' headlines.
and half free. In his debates with the
"Little Giant of Democracy" he wa
not able to defeat Douglas for reele'c
tion to the senate, but he did breaths
new life into the Republican party.
In the "off" year of 1858 the Republi
cans made great gains and by a coali
tion with the Know-Nothings succeed
ed in organizing the house.
LIhcoIh elected President.
In 1860 the new Republican party
triumphed in the elections and Abra
ham Lincoln was elected president of
the United States. In the election of
1860 more than in any other of our
history was Illustrated the disparity
between popular and electoral votes.
Lincoln received 1,866,352 votes, car
ried 17 of the 33 states and part of
New Jersey, making 180 votes in tho
electoral colleges. Douglas, the north
ern Democratic candidate, received
1,375,157 votes, buthe carried only one
state and a, part of New Jersey, male
ing but 12 electoral votes. John C,
Breckenridge, the southern Democrat,
received only 847,514 votes, yet he car
ried 11 states and had 72 electoral
votes. John Bell, the constitutional
candidate and the last representative oC
the old line Whigs, received 587,830
votes, carried three states and got 30
electoral votes. Lincoln lacked nearly
a million votes of having a popular
majority and therefore was called a
"minority" president. The Republican
triumph of 1860 was due therefore,
not to the strength of the new parry
but to the sectionalism which at last
had disrupted the old Democratic
After Lincoln was elected secession
began. After he was inaugurated the
war began. Just before he was mur
dered the war ended, the union was
saved, the -slaves were free, and the
United States of Airrica wa3 a nation.
Tomorrow The Era of Constructor!.
WILBUR, IS RIGHT.
From Las Vegas (N. M.) Optic.
i. ---.-w.., j.v.iiij. v.iciJk. Aui- tue
f -tiarvey eating house system, has re
turned from El Paso, Texas, where he
haa the desk in the Harvey house for
three weeks. Mr. Robinson
I Paso is a live town.
EL PASO IS VALUABLE.
From Santa, Fe New Mexican.
The taxable assessment of the city ot
El Paso for 1910 exceeds $30,000,000.
That of New Mexico does not reach
$60,000,000. It is easy to figure out
where the annexation of the Pass City
will help the new state pay the salaries
of those supreme court judges.
EL PASO WORTH WHILE.
From Pecos Valley (N. M.) News.
The News believes in getting all we
can for nothing, but while we are at
this annexation business, why not go
after El Paso, which is undoubtedly a
New Mexico city, and should be on New
Mexico territory. Any scheme of this
kind will start a war, and if we must
have it lets go after something really
AN ORPHAN CITY LONG ENOUGH.
From Silver City (N. M.) Enterprise.
Some zealous patriot in the consti
tutional convention has declared that
Texas has encroached on our eastern
boundary line and owes us some one
hundred square miles of territory. He
proposed giving Texas this strip of
land if Texas will cede us El Paso. El
Paso should fall right in line and
boost, as it has been an orphan city
long- enough, and should now appre
ciate the comforts of a good homo
among whole-souled New Mexicans.
It is said when the proposition to
annex El Paso, with its 3000 Demo
cratic votes, to New Mexico was an
nounced in -the constitutional conven
tion. Hon. T. B. Catron and other stal-
warts had fainting spells and had to
be revived with smelling- salts.
tins date, 1896) DA Y
that the betting at that point was four
to one in favor of McKinley.
Contractor Bradbury of the Selden
dam, has sent to Pat" Garrett at Las
Cruces a message to keep his weather
optic open for men and teams to work
on the dam.
The Fort Bliss officers gave a hop
last night, and a number of society
people went up from the city. If there
were only a trolley line between this
city and tne Tort, there would be con
siderable travel between the twe
The satisfactory progress the Me
Ginty band is making is very encourag
ing to the friends of the organization.
Miss Willie Mills has been badly in
jured by being struck in the face by a
baseball, hot from, a bat. by boys play
ing in the street near the Texas & Pa
Contractor Ritter of artesian well
fame, has returned to Sedalia, Mo.,
with his $735.50" in his jeans in time to
vote on the removal to Sedalia of the
Missouri state capital from Jefferson
. Miss Delia Fox, the popular littl
operatic star, makes her first appear
ance in this cijty tonight at the head
of her ,own company in the "Little