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title: 'El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, November 16, 1910, Page 6, Image 6',
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EDITORIAL AND MAGAZINE PAGE
Wednesday, Nov. 16, 1910.
EL PASO HERALD
Established April. 18S1. The El Paso Herald includes also, by sorption an
succession. The Daily News. The Telegraph The Telegram The T ribune.
The Graphic The Sun. The Advertiser, The Independent
The Journal, The Republican. The Bulletin.
MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS AND A3IER. KBWSP. pB"SBH?1Rft'rASSa
Entered at the Postoffice in El Paso. Tex., as Second Class Matter.
Predicated to the service of the people, that no good cause shall lack a cham
pion. and that evil shall not thrive unopposed.
The Jally Herald is Issued six days a we6k and the Weekly Herald Is published
every Thursday, at El Paso, Texas; and the Sunday Mall coition
is also sent to Weekly Subscribers.
i-ir . 111K
TER5IS OF SUBSCRIPTION. -- --
Daily Herald, per month, 60c; per year, $7.00. Weekly Herald, per year
The Laily Herald is delivered by carriers in Bl Paso, East El Paso, r
Bliss and Towne. Texas, and Cludad Juarez, Mexico, at 60 cents a montn.
A subscriber desiring the address on-his paper changed will please state
Jn hio communication both the old and the new address.
Subscribers falling to get ThTnTrprlmptly should caU at tteofflce or
telephone No. 115 before 6:30 p. m. All complaints will receive prompt atten
The Herald bases
contracts on a
snore than twice
the circulation 'of
anyi . other El
New Mexico or
West Texas pa
per. Dally average
imimuu, mi I) i ii i ti ii I ' "I
Avartisars hai exxssasA aed cartified to
!. ,,;..ul.han Ihw
-ie-xxt d ick erwnmtrioo k oa file the
' --r ... .t
.. ftja Vr)- bAmi "
; cW israe orcaladoa gBsrsateed.
I ii II I
NEWSPAPER advertisers should invariably make sure that they are getting
what they pay for. That newspaper whose circulation claims are false and
esiiy proved false upon investigation, is the one that is always maintain
ing that: "circulation figures are the private business of the publisher."
The Heraia has nothing to conceal about its circulation because it does not
Circulation is the basis of all legitimate advertising selling. The business
men who pays out his money for advertising space and does not satisfy himself
absolutely of the circulation of the newspaper he is using, is cheating himself and
wronging the honest publisher, because failure to get results from falsified circu
Satioa is apt to make the careless advertiser doubt the efficacy of advertising
In general. -
Make the publisher prove his circulation claims every time.
o - t
Texas will- ship 2,000,000 turkeys to the eastern markets for Thanksgiving,
but El Paso will bring hers in from Kansas in refrigerator cars. El Paso isgrow
ing tolerably well, but she -will have to hurry to keep -up with the rest of the state.
YUMA 'took a" long list of first prizes at the Arizona territorial fair. Yuma,
by the way, is growing cotton of the finest varieties,- that is becoming
aiationally famous. Cotton under irrigation is a profitable crop, even on a
10c market; the Jong staple varieties; thrive well, and bring rich returns. It would
seem as if this border country Avere exceptionally well situated to grow cotton
economically, by reason of the unlimited supply of cheap labor to be derived from
the very prolific Mexican, population. Cotton culture affords employment for a
large number of hands during a comparatively, short season, and the 'women, and
children of the Mexican laboring class might perhaps be glad to add to the family
earnings in this manner.
According to the "World's Work, German cities are the best governed in the
world. How far apart are the ideas of Germans and Americans on the subject of
city government 'may be seen from reading an advertisement which lately appeared
in a number of German papers:
"The "place of mavor of Magdeburg Is vacant. The salary is 21.000 marks
($5,250) a year, inaluding the rental of a dwelling In the city hall. Besides
his salary the incumbent will receive 4000 marks ($1000) for his official ex
penses. Candidates should apply before September l."
Where the ISIoney Comes From
ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLLARS Mexican currency, or $50,000 gold,
was bid in Juarez for the fiesta gambling privilege lasting about 20 days
in December. Six thousand dollars has already been paid for one monttfs
fceno concession. All the money that is paid for these gambling concessions in
Juarez practically every cent of it will really be contributed by the merchants
and wage earners of El Paso.
If the concessionaires can afford to pay $2500 gold per day for the privilege
jof operating the gambling games, imagine what the gross receipts of the games
.meet be during the fiestas.
It is probable that from 95 to 98 percent of all the money gambled in Juarez
comes from this side ,of the river. Every dollar of this money is wasted by men
rb women who cannot afford to lose it, and is diverted from legitimate trade
tharmels in this city.
The merchants and business men of El Paso must keep up a relentless and
Traremitting fight in self protection against the gambling evil; the surest plan of
campaign has already been adopted that of watching the frequenters of the ames
in Juarez and. reporting their names to the associations of business men, so that
credit may be withdrawn and employment terminated in the cases of individuals
who thus prove themselves untrustworthy.
The drain of ready cash out of El Paso to gamble in Juarez has been felt
during the entire year by almost every line of business in this city. A man con
nected with the keno games -was quoted recently as declaring, that the rfeceiptsi
of the games averaged $10,000 gold per week and nearly every dollar of it drained
aut of El Paso.
El Paso cannot prevent the games from running, because they are in a foreign
country; but the business men of this city can make it very unprofitable for El
Paso patrons of the game in Juarez.
Through passenger service from Seattle to Galveston by way of the Hill roads
will be started in the early spring, it is now 'announced. A palatial train, one of
the best on the continent, will open up the new service. This route should become
in time an' important European carrier for both passengers and freight in either
direction. It will be almost equal to a water level road from Galveston clear to
the northern passes of the Rockies.
Why Not Feed Here?
tATTLE for the eastern markets are
and Ohio. Steer calves, averaging 400 pounds, are sold at $18 per head
around Quanah, Tex and shipped to Indiana by the trainload. The farmers
gather, and take from 10 to 30 head apiece for feeding.
The thrifty Indiana farmer invariably has large barns and his silos are filled
with cattle feed. This Texas stock, which might just as well be finished for the
market right in Texas, brings top prices in New York and Buffalo when sent in
by the Indiana farmers.
Cattle' feeding, and that only, offers the solution for beef shortage and high
prices. The cattle business in the southwest still has possibilities of enormous
profits if the cattlemen and farmers in this section will take a few lessons from
The normal movement of livestock from the Pecos valley is westerly through
El Paso to Arizona and Pacific coast points. The only reason Pecos valley stock
goes east is because the traffic arrangements between the Pecos valley and the
west by way of "El Paso are apparently with deliberate purpose made as great an
obstacle aspossitle to .the normal course of trade. A shortline railroad between
El Paso' and the Pecos valley-would" open up an interchange of immense importance
o all parties concerned. -
to subscribe for
The Herald should
beware of impos
ters and should
not pay money to
anyone unless he
can show that ha
is legally author
ized by the El
mhbcsttas. 1 DS QOSU
x . M- .
fM - AVSeOOAOSK. w
I fl 1 ' ' ' --
largely finished on the farms of Indiana
(JNC wALrs Denatured Poem. I
MARY had a little lamb, its fleece was white as wool, and sundry statesmen
held her up, hard by the village school. "Your little lamb," the states
men said, "you soon will have to shear, and then the woolen plutocrats
will sew you up, 'my dear. They iha-ve the tariff doctored up in such a beastly
way that little maids with wool to sell can get but
. little pay. They rob consumers on the lefic, producers
MARY'S LAMB on the right; and little girls with little lambs are in
a, fearful plight. And when your lamb is nice and
fat, and fit for butcher's stall, the meat trust reaches
forth its claws, and takes it, bleat and all. The meat trust, backed by tariff laws
that are the nation's shame, is on the trail of little lambs, and you should dodge
its game. Go home, go home, dear little maid, and take your lamb along, and
tell-vouT pa to-seek the .polls, and right a, grievous wrong. If he will cast his
vote "for us, we'll guaTd your lovely sheep, and never more in all the world shall
little maidens weep." Then Ztfary leaped upon her lamb, and gave a mighty yell,
and galloped to the booby hatch, and took
Copyright, 1S10, by George Matthews
DEAREST MTJMSIE So many
things have happened since I
last wrote you that I hardly
know where to begin, but the most
important thing of all is that we are
settled in our house, and it's just too
lovely for words,
I have found two perfect treasures
of servants, both Irish. '
The cook's name is Mary, and if I
didn't have you, sweet Mumsie, to
confide In, I think I'd choose Mary of
all the women I've ever seen. She
has the sort of mother-look that
makes you feel like flinging yourself
on her bosom and confiding all your
woes and joys.
As for Norah. the waitress, she is
so young and so pretty that I 'know
I'll never be able to keep her. Some
envious man will snatch her away
from me. She has only been in 'this
country six months and her accent is
Mumsie, I do wish I had paid more
attention when you used "to want me
to learn things about housekeeping. I
don't know anything, and if it weren't
for Mary, we'd starve to death.
I go to market because I think
every young housekeeper ought to at
tend to her marketing, but, oh, I do
make some silly mistakes. Just think;
I couldn't tell a duck from a chicken
after the feathers -were off.
Oh, I must tell you yesterday I was
in town lunching with Eleanor Peck
ham at Delmonico's. when who should
walk in but Mr. Sinclair. He has been
abroad -ever since last summer, and he
looked so well and goodlooking.
I introduced him to Elinor. Id
love to make a match betveen those
By,- Stefan Grossman.
m d-D.c aw mis the?
N NEW YEAR'S da 1918. toe
American millionaire, Charles
nnn.tnr irivrHsement in the
"I have decided to send a young man
of the people who must have w-orKeu
in a coal mine for 10 years aim t ,
present must still be working- tnere,
on a trip around the w orld -& mj ex- J
0 Th trin. which is to be under-,
tnlcpn together with
is-7 ,-.- - -x-
goes from New York over Japan, in-
dia. through the Red sea to -urope, ,
ito- ctflvs on the Riviera, in Italy,
France Germany,. Scandinavia,' Rus
sia, over the Crimea to Asia Minor,
then to Egypt. into Africa, along the
oon5t Vo Capetown. Part of the time
i to be devoted to Australia. Th
trip Is to last lor three years, and one
year's stay is allowed in New York be
sides to make preparation, learn lan
guages, etc Coal miners, not less than
30 years 'o age" are entitled to com
pete on the, following conditions:
"1. The man must have been a miner
format leasi 10 years.
"2i He must be intelligent, quick of
perception and of a lively tempera
ment. "3. He must bind "himself to work in
a mine for 20 years more after his
"References are unnecessary and use
less. The choice will be made by six
men,selected not by me, but by the
foremost editors of the country.
"I have fixed a sum of $150,000 to be
spent on the trip, ensuring the great
est possible comfort.
"I will not see the man personally
until after his trip.
(Signed) "Charles M. E. Chugge.
It was all done without the suspicion
of fraud. - Among the 6000 petitions
the commitee selected 240 and tho
lucky one was picked by drawing lots.
Pate smiled upon the miner Francis
Root of New Orleans, his name being
hf first taken from the urn.
Root was a bachelor of 32, who look- J
ed 40, however, ior a man &iua u
quickly working in a coal mine.
The conditions were read t.o him by
a notary public, who asked him to sign
"One thing is very important, he
said, "you must solemnly Jflnd yourself
to take up your work in the mine when
you return and not give it up for 10
3'ears. If you try to back out, you will
be forced to carry out -your part of
the agreement if necessary by the aid
of Pinkerton's men."
Francis Root signed the paper.
For a year he lived in New York,
learned French, German,, Italian;
learned to dress well and t6 move :n
the best society. He went to the thea
ters, visited the opera, learned to sail,
row and swim. He lived in a beautiful
cottage on the Shore road, a young
painter was his companion and taught
him to appreciate the beauties of the
sea, the setting sun and the green
"woodlands. He often spent whole days
in his little yacht alone with the paint
er's cousin, a charming young girl,
who gave his education the last fin
On October 14, 1920, Francis Root
went on board the great ocean flyer,
"Victor!," accompanied by the young
painter, who was to act as his secre
tary. On the promenade deck they
were met by a messenger from Charles
M. E. Chugge, who handed Root a let
ter of credit for $25,000, aside from
the amount of the stipulated traveling
expenses; this money was to be spent
for minor expenses in the great cities
from Toklo to Stockholm. .
Words cannot describe how Francis
Robt enjoyed the next three years. The
wonder of Japan, the fairylike splen
dor of India, the smartness of the Ri
viera, the calm beauty of the nights
on shipboard, his friendship with the
painter, the loving letters., from tho
cousin, the pleasures of Paris, . the
mountain scenery of the northern
countries, a night in "the desert under
the yellow sky, then the long journey
Beatrice Fairfax's "LES f A
a padded cell.
two. He said he very often motored
out on Long Island, so I couldn't very
well do anything else but ask him to
call if he were in our neighborhood.
Men are funny creatures, Mumsie.
When I told Bobby about having met
Mr. Sinclair he didn't look very pleased.
He couldn't be so silly as to be jealous,
could he? 'You know we made up our
minds never to be jealous or doubt each
other. ' ,
Anyway, I mean to marry Mr. Sin
clair to Eleanor; they are just suited
to each other.
Her First Dinner.
We are invited to dine at the Den
tons on Thursday and, as the dinner
is given for us, I'm going to wear mj
wedding dress. .
' I'm quite nervous about making my
first appearance as a married woman.
I hope I don't do anything wrong. It s
to be a dinner of eighteen, so every
thing will be very smart. The Den
tons do things so well.
Mumsie, dear, did dad belong to any
clubs when you were first married?
Bobbv belongs to several, and, or
course, I'm not going to mind his go
ing to them; I wouldn't be-so narrow,
but I just wondered if Dad went to
any. Most men do, I suppose.
I must close now, darling, for its
nearly time for Bobby's train, and I
always go to meet him.
I go over in the motor and we walk
back, for the exercise.
Oh, Mumsie, was any girl ever so
happy as I am?
With heaps of love for both of you,
and tell Dad to write soon again, I
love his funny letters. .Goodby. Tour
happy, happy daughter,
Daily Short Story
across Siberia's quiet tundras, the bar-
splendor qf Kreml at Moscow, a
n ,., t Venice,
w ? ?? b5aSl"
i the most Deautitui women ui .cit.
In Rome he knelt before the master- .
. f. r . ,. .. -vn j,a '
pieces of, Micnaei Angeio, """"
gayest carnival in the world,
suddenly he in Asia Minor
visited from there, the barren
towns of the Holy Land. His friend,
.. .,. ., ,Ax ,., r.H,vn
I !, r.nina,. Tiori lottoru of introduction
, t nPonia everywhere. He
met greatest poets and the most
. flll ' countries.
charming women in all countries
When he again landed inNew York
on October 1,1923; the whole thing
.seemed to him a dream.
He wanted to thank bis benefacotx,
phorioc at T?. C!hiirir but his iriend.
p! the painter, said: "No. you must wait;
he will send for you.
Four days later he was back in New
Orleans. He returned to his old houso
and was shocked by its smallness and
poverty, its mean, cheerless rooms, but
he unnacked his trunks and filled hte
rooms with all the treasures- he had
bought, Persian carpets, Hungarian
embroideries, Japanese' woodcute, Chi
nese silks, Russian samovars, Turkish
pipes, butterflies from Brazil, birds
from India and hundreds of other
On October 20 he received orders to
go to work in his old minei two days
later. He remembered the agreement
and thought of the Pinker-tons, who
were "to" force him, and obeyed the or
der. On October 22 he was deep un
der ground working half naked in the
black pit, the perspiration covering his
whole body, all alone, his miner's lamp
faintly illuminating the darkness. And
here he must work 11 hours every day.
The third day they sent for him.
Charles M. E. Chugge was waiting for
him in the 'directors' room. Did he
want to change his clothes. No! So
much the better, Mr. Chugge would
rather see him in his working clothes.
Only a small souvenir Francis Root
would like to fetch from his house.
It would take only a moment.
In the director's room, Francis Root
saw his benefactor, Charles M. E.
Chugge for the first time. He was
an indolent, pale, fat man, lying In ja.
big easy chair. His face looked sleepS.
He raised his fat hand almost imper
ceptibly as a greeting.
"Sit down, Mr. Root, and tell me how
"Thank you, I prefer to, stand. Do
you wish a detailed -report"
- The fat face smiled. "No, no! I
only want you to tell me how you feel
now." On his way home Francis .Root
began to suspect that rthe millionaire
did not care to hear about his trip, and
for that reason he had slipped a re
volver into his pocket. But to be quite
sure he asked once more:
"Shall I tell you about India, about
the starlit nights of the north, of our
tiger hunts in Bengal?"
The stolid fat face smiled more
wickedly than before and pointing a
fat finger at him the millionaire an
swered: "No, sir, none of that! I just
want to hear how you feel when you
are below in the dark pit, where you
are to spend the next 10 years of your
It was quiet in the room.
Francis Root's hand sought his
pocket in which he had the souvenir,
whipped out a revolver and shot his
benefactor down with three shots. One
bullet crashed into his brain, the other
two lodged in his fat abdomen.
When he told the jury about his trip
around the world and his talk with
his benefactor he was acquitted on tho
SAME IX EL PASO.
From Bisbee CAriz.) Review.
If any store in Bisbee sells Bibles
'announcement of the fatft lnadvertlse
ments would be genuine news to many
A daily -short story trvery day In The
Herald; also the serial-
PEN AND PENCIL MAKING
IS A GROWING INDUSTRY
Popularity of the Typewriter Has Not
EW of the minor industries of the
United States possess more inter
esting: features than that of
supplying the nation with its penjs and
pencils. It is estimated' that it takes
nearly 10,000 gross of pencils and as
many niore pens to supply the demands
of American writers. Even the con
stantly growing popularity of the type
writer has not seriously checked the
demand for pens. A modern pen fac
tory is in reality a number of factories
$n one. There must be a shop for mak
ing the delicate and accurate machin
ery, as there are too few pen factories
to justify the manufacture of the ma
chines as an independent business. The
pen shop itself is filled with machinery
and girls, most of the operations being
performed by the latter.
Only the best metal is used in the
making of the modern steel pen. It is
cut into strips as wide as the length of
two pens. After being carefully an
nealed, it ist put through a cold steel
roller where it is rolled down to a
thickness which must not vary the
thousandth part of an inch, for even
that much variation Would make a dif
ference in the flexibility of the pens
The average manufacturer seeks to
have his customers continue the use of
a given kind of pen throughout many
3'ears, and therefore aims to have every
pen turned out exactly Jalike in flex
ibility and writing qualities to the ones
Makingr the Pen.
After each strip has been properly
rolled it is put through a punching ma
chine operated by a girL Here the
blanks are cut out from which the pens
are made. These blanks are ' next
stamped with the desired inscriptions
by a heavy hitting stamper, also oper
ated by a girl. Formerly there was
danger of fingers being mashed by
these stampers, but the machine-mak-ors
have now equipped them with a
"finger pusher," which pushes the girl's
hand away as the stamping hammer
The next process is that of cutting
the little eyes which hold the ink. Then
each pen is examined, softened by an
other annealing process, pressed into
shape by specially constructed ma
chines, hardened, and then tempered.
They are next placed into a hollow cyl
inder with sand and rapidly revolved,
thus being scoured to the necessary
brightness. The next process is to
grind the points, after svhich the pens
are passed through a shearing machine
which cuts the slit from the central
slot to the point. Great accuracy is
required In this operation, as it is ab
solutely necessary that the slit should
be in the exact middle of the point
that they are of the exact proportions
as the models.
The Final Test.
Before the pens are finally turned
into the stock room, samples are taken
at random and placed in specially con
structed machines which automatically
.test their elasticity and non-scratching
qualities. Lest there should at any
time be a chanee in the Qualities or
tho n(ns a. eomnlete -stock of stand-
k ar.A. ',InM, a ,nh n fi,rn-
, a.o . ....c...u......, , -
ed out must possess identically the
same qualities: as these standards. It
requires some wenty operations to
manufacture a steel pen from a strip
of metal. The principal factories of the
world are located in England-, although
the industry is growing rabidly In ttte
United States and Germany.
Making Gold Peas.
In the manufacture of gold pens, bars
of the finest gold are used with irldi
um, the hardest of -metals. Iridium
comes in heavy glass ounce hottles and
is worth $1500 a pound, being produced
mainly in the Ural mountain region.
The gold bars are first rolled into
k strips and put into the punching- ma
chines. The hlanks from which the
pens are made are gtven a little reces3,
at the end of the pbint. The operator
takes a tiny speck of iridium from his
bottle, places it on a fine brush which
has been dipped in liquid borax, and
puts it on the point of the pen. He
must use a jeweler's' magnifying glass
to enable him to place the iridium ex
actly right. He next holds the pen to
a blow-pipe fire and melts the gold of
f the point sufficiently to weld the irid
ium into it, just as a jeweler might set
a diamond in a gold mounting. This
operation is a very delicate oner since
the slightest excess of exposure to the
heat would ruin the whole pen. The
Years Ago To
From The Herald OJ
This Date 1386.
Mrs. Belle Schutz has returned from
Judge Allen Blacker has gone east
for a short time on business.
Billy Wilson went to San Antonio
this afternoon for a week's absence.
F. S. Earle has gone to Hermosillo.
J. C. Pearce has been visiting Jn
Three tramps., tried to cut their way
into I. M. Lawrence's apartments the
other night hut were unsuccessful.
The Dallas Shriners will be here
nest month with their extensive au?
costly paraphernalia to institute In
El Paso a temple of the Mystic Shrino-
Manager Huber, of the Mexican Ore
company, has resigned his job and will
return to Switzerland. President Myer
will attend to the duties of tho .office.
Cqnductors Donohoe and McHugh,
who formerly ran between El Paso
and Silver City, are now running be
tween Rincon, Lake City and Silver
The Corralitos Railway company has
track laid now two miles .south of the
vri(- oti o5 all the materia? needed
is on hand, work will go on right
woat-c Davis. T. A. Falvey. Joan
-oo, TnHns. Steffian and (Mitchell
have returned; from Souz, whence .they
brought back 200 ducKs ana six geese
so Alf Hampton says
The Republican demonstration was
a marked event in local political his
tory, for the town was painted in red
fire and metaphoripal red Jpatnt for
over several hours.
The Ministers' union met this morn
ing and decided to hold Thanksgiving
day services in the Presbyterian
church, with Rev. J. T. French, of
Trinity to preach the sermon.
'The schools reopened this morning
after a 10 days' suspension, with a
good attendance. Those who have re
.oivpfl'linnor trrades are: M. Ainsa. E.
Shelton,,C Augur; W.v Lamely. Louis j
Hubbard', 90 percent; M. Martin, A.
1 Jones, Josephine Clardy and S, Wolfe, j
91 M. Klefer, 92. 'j
The points are then careruuy rounueu, ,":": 7 VC "inndrpa to one clamoring for beefsteak and anions.
and the pens are passed to expert girls thing. .instead of the u"dr-t nor can any . romance survive the v
who place them on a white stone to see shot that it Is now. Is to brln-, the homMi of hiil cdlle-ctor. or any
Lessened Demand for
pen is next sent to a copper lathe and
polished, after which it is put through
the rolls which give it shape. After
this It goes to an expert with an anvil,
who hammers the nib in order to pro
duce in it the desired elasticity. It is
said that the average loss in pen mak
ing by grinding and other processes, is
15 per cent of the gold, about half of
which is recovered in sweepings. The
dust of a big pen factory is worth
thousands of dollars a year.
Taft's Fine Pen.
It is said that one of the finest pens
in the world was made last year for
president Taft. It consists of a rubber
lined wood barrel, the wood having
been taken from one of the 13 trees
planted by Alexander Hamilton in com
memoration of the founding of the
union. It is bound by three gold bands,
on which appear the words: "Protec
tion, Progress, Patriotism." On each
side of the cap is a name plate appro
priately inscribed. Another historic
pen is that of Isaac Reed of New York,
the holcr of which was carved from
the lense box of George Washington.
This was used by Abraham Lincoln
during the Civil war.
After many years of using the mod
ern pen, the supreme court has gravi
tated back to the old-fashioned quill.
The quill pen In the supreme court was
like the snuff box in the senate, too
fine a tradition to be dispensed with,
yet not available for everyday use.
Last year attorney general Wickersham
appeared in court one day, and found
when he went to sign a paper that his
fountain pen was missing from his vest
pocket. So he took up the old quill
and dashed off his name in a manner
worthy of the best Greek traditions.
In the old days the quill pen was worn
down in the course of eight hours, and
in the larger offices an usher was em
ployed to go from desk to desk with
his pen-knife, mending and sharpen
ing, the quills. The word pen-knife
originated from this practice. '
The American Lead Pencil.
The United States is now making the
bulk of its "own pencils. The industry,
started in England in 1565. when the
Cumberland graphite mine was discov
ered. So pure was this graphite that
I TROBABLY the only way to solve
. V tne problem of .how to make hap
question of marriage down out of the
clouds and put it on a practical basis.
In reality, marriage is, primarily, a
business proposition that involves is
sues of the most material sort. When a
man marries he goes Into a partnership
that he swears he never will break,
no matter whether it turns out well or
ill. He assumes obligations ' that he
can never honorably repudiate. He
takes upon himself the burden of sup
porting an indefinite number of people-
, ' ,
When a woman marries, she settles
her fate so far as this world's goods
and chattels are concerned, because she
cuts herself off equally from what she
might earn herself if she had stayed
single, and from marrying some other
man who might provide for her better
than the one she has chosen.
Marriage means all of this finan
cially to both men and women, and yet
we ignore this business side of.it, and
', persist in regarding it from the senti
If a callow young couple think they
are in love they rush into matrimony,
even though they haven't a penny to
bless themselves with, and people
who are sane enough on txther sub
jects applaud them and pat' them on
the back for doing it, instead of hav
ing them committed to. the nearest
Stomach Best Heart.
Of course, such a marriage almost
invariably turns out a failure, because, J
as we are unfortunately constituted,
we are more stomach than heart, and
only in poetry and novels can one feed
In real life, the possession of the
most intense devotion to another does
not prevent us from getting cold and
hungry, and desiring to keep up with
Bridge At the
Time The Present.
Scene Parlor of
j a New Rochelle
The three women
and one man
boarder are play
ing "bridge." The
strains of a phon
A Phonograph j can.be very plain-
Its Owner. ly heard.
ERE MAN" Boarder Now,
ladies, remember we are go
ing to play cards, and not
discuss the latest fashion in hobble
(First and secon'd women boarders
cut for deal, and No. 1 gets it. Cards
are dealt in silence.)
First W. B. I make it hearts.
.Third W. B. Oh, that's -horrid. I
haven't got but two, but if you had on-
ly made It
Mere Man Ladies, ladies; no talk
ing across the table.
Phonograph Gr-k-k-k-k. Any littlo
rieht littol i
a nice littol gurl, is the
right littol gurl for me-e."
Third W. B. Oh, for gracious sake,
there goes that phonograph. How can
anybody play cards with that awful
thing rasping in one's ears?
Second W. B. Isn't it dreadful?
Phonograph "She don't have to look 'I
like a gurl in a book If a good cook
she can be-e-e-e, grk-grk-grk."
Mere Man Ladies, please play cards.
First W. BI How can anybody cen
ter their mind on anything with that'
awful noise dinging in their ears? It's
a perfect shame.
Second W. B. She should know bet
ter than to do that. I told her we were
going - to play cards, and she's just
started that thing going because we
didn't ask her to play, too. ' , .
Third W. B. That's it I am suro.
Mere Man Who led the ace of
trumps? " jr- - .,
Second W. B. Mercy, I did. Can I
take it back:'1 - - .
ninacc t mQTrirnnTiv r fiti uia i
If a feller screwed up his face when ht
asks fer credit like he doe's when he's
asked V settle he wouldn't get it. No
huddy hut a lawyer ever .waits fer both
sides of a story. r
it could be used in pencils without any
change other' than to glue it between
strips of wood. A century or more
later the industry got its best footing
in Germany,V?whieh. to this day leads
tho world, in the production of pencils.
About a half century ago American
manufacturers took up he business,
and today they are among the world's
heaviest prpducecs. The leads of pen
cils are made of graphite and clay.
The average person is familiar with
graphite in the form of stove blacking
and bicycle lubricants. Th& present
supply of this product, which Is really
the diamond in another form, comes
from Mexico, eastern Siberia, Bohemia
and Ceylon. The5- more' clay used in
combination with the graphite, the
harder will be the lead.
In the manufacture of the lead pencil
the graphitosis first treated by a num
ber of processes, then mixed with the
CContinued on ext Page.)
f y Ok Realities Instead
It is an established fact that nobody
can take the proper interest in love
making when his or her appetite i3
marriage to be happy, it must have
sufficient financial haokingat least to
provide the necessities anil a few of
the frills of. existence-
In view of this, it Is soothing short
of a crime that we 'should teach 'young'
people that loveIs-., enough to marry
on' It isn't enoug,h by--a. lon" shot.
Loye without monej; enough to live .de
cently -on is; atf-sfiorter cut p thdi
vdrce. cOur,t 'thaji marriage- with nuKiey
aid without love, , '
Undoubtedly the chances of ibairirno
nia ha"prine"sS would be enormously in
creased if" the Volf did not howl out
side of so many doors; If, before a man
i asked a girl '"to matry him, he. reflected
upon .whether a salary that barely sup
ported him -would support a'wifaPand
twins;, and if the girl considered 'be
question of whether she wasmaking a
good trade in giving up her- Job for
a $40 husband, and: exchanging; three
square meals, a day for a diet of "bread
and water, with a certainty of getting
only the water. ,
The trouble is that we 'have thrown a
glamour about matrimdny that makes
young people whohave never tried it
think of the b!oly estate as one in
which people ar,e lifted above the or
dinary needs of lifeand when they find
that this isn't true'and that after mar
riage they are just as hungry, and just
as much interested in pleasures and
amusements as they were before, why,
it is apt to -give those who -have rush
ed in unprepared a jolt from which
they never recover.
If marriage were always painted as"a
stern reality, a cold, hard, business
j proposition, requiring both, capital and
iuuur, 10 ue carrieu uu &ucjeist.uuy,
we should have fewer weddings, but
they would he happier ones.
On "A Tragedy
In One Act"
Mere Man No, It's too late now.
Second W. B. Oh, you 'horrid thing.
No wonder I make mistakes with that
noise going on upstairs. Can't some
body stop it?
Mere Man (hopefully) Suppose 1
shut the folding doors?
.Third W. B. Goodness, No. It's in
sufferably hot in here as it is. I suppose
we'll have to grin and bear it.
xriionograpo x love you-U, 1 lova
i you-u, I love you-u. You ar-r-r-e the
jue-c-c-i ui llli UlCiUllS, griv, grK, gTK.
First W. - B. Wouldn't you think:
she'd get' tired of; playing that thin??
Second W. B. Oh,'shes "just doing
that to annoy us.
Third W. B. Isn't it hateful of her?
Phonograph I always knew it was
some one like -you grk."
First W. B. The thing seems to be
Mere Man Axe we going to play
cards, or are we not?
First W.--B. -(-ignoring- the M. M.)
Next time I see her I'm going to tell
her just what I think about It.
Second W. B. And I'll back you up,
Third W7 B. I wish she'd come In
now. I'd give her a piece of my mind.
(Owner of" phonograph suddenly ap
pears.) Mere Man (to himself) Now for
Phonograph Owner Good evening.
How did you like the concert?
First W. B. (smiling sweetly) Very
much. Indeed, but why didn't you play
some of those operatic airs? I just love
Second W. B. So do I.
Third W. B. Yes. we missed them;
P.- O. Oh, I'm so sorry. I'll go ba'ck
and start one up. Shall I?
v Chorus ot, Women Boarders Oh.
Mere Man (throwing his cards on the
k table n disgugti-r-Well, ior the love of
Mike! Ladies, GOOD-NIGHT! (Rushes
- ;upstains.) J.Qurf,ain.