Newspaper Page Text
RealiEitate -and-Too-Late to Classify on -Pages 14 & 15 H I I"- Sl I
Real Estate and Too- Late to Classify on Page 14$ 15
DE ' GIVE
QUITS SOCIETY TO -
- BECOME A IfUN
Philadelphia, Pa., Sept.2. Miss -Marie
Hirst, daughter ofMr. and Sirs. Anthony
Hirst, prominent residents of Philadel;
phia? on thq' eve of; making her debut,
suddenly decided , to enter t a 'convent.
RTifi Tins fl.lrAn.dv nppnTrm a. nnstnlanfc'in
Tne oacrea -nearx conyeni? at jvenjvuuu.
N RRITIRH Will
1 lllliili II ill
if l UIII I lull II ILL
NEW PORT FOR
Sf 1 f rri
V" Vv - ',m
Conditions and Pay Are
Better Than Under Old
OUTNUMBER THE MEN
With the rapid development of the
various departments of educational
progress in America comes the problem
of meeting- the demands for thetrained
men and -women- who compose the
teaching- force of the country. Fully
500,000 teachers are now employed" in
the public elementary school system
of the United States, while the enrol
ment of instructors In the colleges and
universities, technical schools, normal
schools, public, and private high schools
will reach at least 100,000 more.
Because of its larger numbers and
the fact that it deals with the greatest
portion of American youth, the train
ing of the public school teacher for
work is of great economic value. With
the broadening of the public school
curriculum to include the elements of
vocational training along many lines
comes the need of a more highly equip
ped teaching force than that required
even 10 years ago. The lack or a sux
ficient number of thoroughly qualified
teachers Is one of the greatest draw
backs to .the progress of education St
present. A certain provision has-been
made for the training of public school
teachers in the public normal school,
which in many places supplies a gra
tuitous course of pedagogy designed
for equipping the teacher in the reg
ular common schools. Thus prepara
tion for the vocation is easier to ob
tain than that lor most callings, but
there is still not enough properly pre
pared teachers to meet the demand.
Poorest Paid Profession.
The chief reason for this is due to
the fact that from a financial stand
point teaching is the poorest paid of
the professions. "With the maximum
salary for a public school teacher much
below $2500, as it is in the majority
of American cities, comparatively few
men are willing to devote their lives
to a calling which promises so small a
compensation. Even those having the
roost altruistic inclinations are com
pelled, to consider the practical side of
the question. Consequently, the work
of teaching in the public schools of the
United States Is largely In the hands of
women. Only about one-fifth of the
number of the teaching force in the
public schools, is composed of men.
Since matrimony is- likely to put an
end to a woman's professional career,
the force of teachers changes contin
ually, and this in itself is detrimental
from an economical standpoint, to the
work of the school. At present the
averace term of service for a public
school teacher Is a little less than live '
Consequently, each year, luo.-
088 new teachers take their places in
xhe school rooms of the country, and
of necessity much valuable time is
wasted, while these new teachers are
becoming acquainted with their work.
The two most frequent reasons given
for the short term of office on the part
of school teachers, are marriage on the
part of the women and the offer of a
higher salary in some other line of
work for the men.
INeed e Raise Afksevrledgred.
Since no teacher caa properly teach
pupils if in a position to worry over
his or her own. future, the fact that the
teacher must, receive higher remunera
tion is becoming generally admitted.
During the past five years there has
"been an advance, averaging 22 percent,
in the salaries of teachers in 24 of the
leading cities in the United States.
This advance rans from a 6 percent in
crease In the city of Philadelphia, to
an increase of 44 percent in Toledo,
Ohio. In the rural schools also the
salaries are being increased very gen
erally. "With the unification of the
school curriculum comes, also the prob
lem of standardizing the teacher's sal
ary for each grade, and this will
doubtless be achieved Tvithln a few
Skilled. Normal TraLaers.
"With the introduction of vocational
training into the public schools, comes
a closer cooperation between the
teaching profession and the industrial
pursuits. In all of the technical schools
it is deemed desirable to place skilled
workmen in charge of each trade
taught. Such a man is almost without
exception a member of his trade union,
and because of this organization, is
frequently able to demand, a much
higher salary than is paid to the teach
er of literary or classic subjects, even
though the latter has had. years of ex
perience. If the -tradesman is worth a
large salary, the income of a man who
is supposed to belong to a higher pro
fession must not be less, if employed
in the same Institution. Consequently,
the Introduction o"f vocational work
Into th& public schools has tended to
aid the movement toward the general
increase- of teachers salaries, even
though the majority of teachers are
not yet reads' to. unite themselves with
the labor organizations.
The PchsIoh System.
The growing tendency towards re
warding a certain term of service with
a retiring pension is oulte as strong
towards teachers as any other class of
workers. Andrew Carnegie has staken
this matter up with his accustomed
generosity, and his foundation fund of
.$15,000,000 placed with the general ed
ucational board for the purpose of giv
ing a retiring pension to professors of
colleges and institutions of higher
learning having a certain standing, has
now reached $16,114,056 by surplus ac
cumulation during the last five years.
During this period, the fund has pro
vided for the retirement of 64 profes
sors, each of them a man of unusual
attainment, who has been especially
prominent in his special line of work.
TJnier certain conditions, it also will be
possible to provide suitable pensions
for the widows of college professors
from this fund.
Most of the large cities -have taken
some- steps towards providing for a re
tirement fund for the teachers ot the
public school. In some cities the teach
ers themselves have arranged it by
contributing a certain percentage of
their salaries. It is generally felt,,
(Continued on Page Ten.)
Former President's Son
' Suggests .Brest, as Land
Paris, France, Sept. 2. Claude Casi
mir Ferier, son of the former presi
dent of the republic is making a cam
paign in favor of substituting Brest
for Havre as the French port for
steamers from the United States. He
admits that Inferior place held by
French steamers in Atlantic- traffic is
due to the actvities of the Germans
and English in bulding larger and
faster steamers "but contends that the
French could better their position by
reducing the distance between France
and New QTork which a change to the
more westerly Brest would bring about.
The distance from Brest- to Paris is
considerably longer than that between
i Havre and Paris. Nevertheless, M. Fer-
ier declares, the inauguaration of a,
series of fast express trains would
notably decrease the existing train
voyage and the total saving of time
between Paris and New York would be
at once a distinct advantage to French
Cause of Heat.
The remarkable and constant trans
parence of the atmosphere was the
cause of the terrific heat wave in
France, according to IVL Deslandres,
the director of the observatory of Meu
don. M. Deslandres made this report
to the academy of sciences. He added:
"This transparence, long continuing,
has brought about the high tempera
tures. I may add that if it has been
an uncomfortable thing for man it has
been a helpful condition for astrono
mers. "We have been able to make
some remarkably clear observations of
The Catholic population of Savole,
forming an impressive processon of
many thousands, has participated in
tne transier oi ine asues ux octnit
Francois de Sales and Sainte Jeanne ;
de Chantal. The ceremony was held at
the village of Annecy. The ashes were
taken from the old convent of the Visi
tation where they had reposed during
three centuries and placed in the new
convent which the sisters of the "VIsI-.
tation have recently built on the
heights overlooking the beautiful Lake
Leon Cavallo, now staying at Monte-
catini, Switzerland, Is well along in the
composition of a new opera to be pro-
duced In Milan and in New York. It is
named La Foresta Mormora and has
only two acts. The story is from a
romance by Korolenko. The libretto
is by Enrico CavacchiolL
Hnntlnpr Season Opens.
French Hunters are clearing their
shot -guns for the annual hunting sea
son opening during the closing -days of
August and which this year is particu
larly alluring. Game Is abundant.
Patridge, pheasant, hare rabbits, roe
huck and even deer have been sighted
in. uhusual numbers in the considerable
'areas of woodland which do not come
under the heading of private hunting
grounds. ' '
Of these private ground there are
manv. M. Lebaudy, the socalled sugar
king, pays $16,000. a year for the right j
to control the hunting in the famous I
iorest or -ronituneuieau. oui ctcu v,
' the forest is a public domain and any
ner-r itV r nriehnc TnoV TnllnW ftlP J.e-
baudy hunts. In France hunting comes j
within the ambitions and reach of ;
the masses of the people who .may
have a fancy for that formof sport
The only requisite after the gun and
powder is a governmental permit which
costs about ?5.60 vearly.
Game Near Paris.
Quantities of game are found within
a short distance of Paris. Invitations
are already out for the more preten
tiou hunts of the rich man on his pri
vate domain. In these custom dictates
that the hunter shall be accompanied
by two men, a valet and a guard.
Sometimes there is even a third the
gun carrier. The gun carrier passes
the weapon to the guard who gives it
in turn to the valet who then hands it
to his master. This complication is a
remnant of the magnificent hunts in
the early days of France when the
joyous tumult of hound and horse, and
valet and "piqueur" rang through, the
court of the chateau.
To the modern hun$many prominent
Frenchwomen of today are ardent de
votees. The young duchess of Noail
les is a clever shot, and the countess
of Cheviigne, the duchess d'Uzes, - the
countess Le Hon, the countess de Fels
and madames Georges Raoul-Duval. .du
Gast, and Brazier all have won their
laurels as good markswomen.
THREE NEW HOUSES
FOR EAST EL PASO
Will Cost Fifteen Hundred
' , .Dollars Each Will '
Austin & Marr, C. N. Bassett and W.
L. Tooley will build three houses on
block 65 in East El Paso on the' cor
ner of "White Oaks and Rayner streets.
Each house will cost $1500 and will be
for rental purposes.
IN GOVERNMENT .HILL
E. R. Bennett has bought two lots
in Government Hill, block 48, from
Austin & Marr for $300. H. L. Hart has
also purchased two lots in the same ad
dition, upon which he will build a resi
dence. TO RESUME SERVICES.
Services for the season will be re
sumed at Temple Mt. Sinai next Friday
evening and Sabbath school services
will ha rosiimorl nn Simdnv. thft 10th. at
10 a. m
Rabbi Martin Zielonka and
family have returned from their vaca- J
School Board Made Some
, Cuts -This Year School
Term Opens Monday.
The .El Paso schools will open for
the scholastic year of 1911 and 1912 at
8:45 oclock Tuesday morning. .Every
thing is in readiness- for the children
of El Paso to resume their studies after
three months of vacation. The teach
ers are returning daily from their va
cations and all will be in the city the
first of the week. There was a meet
ing at the high school Friday between
superintendent Crozier and the teach
ers, at which all received their assign
ments. The school buildings during the sum
mer have been put through a. thorough
overhauling to have them in condition
for the students' when they return to
their students, and a squad of men has
been busy for the last three months
painting and repairing the interior of
the buildings. The lawns also have
been put in excellent condition dur
ing the vacation months, while in the I
"""" vi. liic uuuuings uoors nave
been oiled and everything cleaned.
There are no great changes to take
place in the different courses in the
schools and nearly all will remain to
a great extent as they were last year.
The manual training department will
be improved somewhat and an entire
new corps of instructors has been se
cured for this department. W. A.
Burk will be the new supervisor of
the manual training department- Mr.
Burk comes from Lead. S. X., where
he has had charge of the manual
training department In the Lead schools
and is a graduate of the Bradley Poly
technic institute and the Michigan
state normal school. Besides being su
pervisor of the department in the El
Paso schools, Mr. Burk will take charge
of the high school boys' shopwork
The Three Assistants.
The, three assistants in the manual
training department will be C. C.
Golden, formerly of the Houston, Texas,
high school, who will take the me
chanical drafting classes in the high
school and the grade, work in the La
mar and "Vilas schools; ,G, W. IJauth, of
Columbia university, will have charge
tmfvv( r.4 il. . V..!Ul
of the grade work im-th San Jacinto
and Alamo schools,"and. E. C. Beezley,
a graduate of the Kansas .state manual
training school, will take 'charge of the
grade work in the Mesa, Beall and
Sunset schools. The new manual train
ing teachers will make an effort to
have the students do much practical
work in the department during the
There will be three new principals
in the schools this year. In the high
school, H. EL Ransom will replace R. M.
White, who has resigned. Mr. Ransom
comes from the Ball high school at
Galveston, Texas. 'Mr. ""White has gone
Into business, in this city. In the
Franklin school, Mrs. Eunice Payne
has been appointed principal for the
coming school year. Mrs. Payne has
been in the employ of the El Paso
schools for some time and last year
was the mathematics teacher at the
San Jacinto school, Miss Alicia Swam
will take charge as principal of the
Highland Park school to replace Miss
Inez Pumphrey. Miss Swam was the
primary supervisor of the schools last
year, but this position has been abol-
number of teachers in
the El '
Paso schools has been reduced from
183, the number last year, to 167
I j.uere nave ueeii iwo leacuers uroppeu
from the music department of the
schools this year; in the art depart
ment one teacher; one teacher in the
primary department, two in the manual
training department and one assistant
principal position will be done away
with. Instead of seven substitute
teachers for the El Paso schools, the
number has been reduced to three. The
"VERT labor saving Invention has
been a hard blow to the profes
sion for which it was invented
each Mergenthaler" linotype replaced
four -printers, the self-binding reaper
did the work of half a dozen men, and
many other inventions have done as
much but the safety razor probably
hit -the barber harder than any other
r invention ever hit the members of the
profession into whose field the inven
tion was brought.
The American public always likes an
argument and there may be a chance
for an argument here there may be
some other trade which has been hit
harder than the barber business by in
vention; if so, let The El Paso Herald
hear from you but at present, with
the evidence now in, the barber busi
ness appears to have been hit hardest.
The safety razor brought the self
shaving idea to the American and it
has stayed; not only that, It is grow
ing. Some genius at statistics has discov
ered that there are 10,000,000 safety
razors in use throughout the world.
While it is impossible to verify the as
sertion of the figure sharp, it is cer
tain that the invention has become ex
tremely popular with men.
Upon the authority of a missionary
recently returned from the South Sea
Islands, the., semi-civilized natives are
passionately fond of the little instru
ments and in their delight use their
safety razors to' perform all sorts of
domestic stunts from cutting cocoa-nuts
tov skinning their fish.
Safety in Camping Ontnt.
"I always carry my safety razor with
me into the mountains said a, young
business man, yesterday, "While some
. , i
SAFETY'RAZOR KNOCKS OUT THE ",. .
''' ' BUSINESS OF THE-BARBER, MAN
No Invention of Recent Years Has So Widely Injured a Trade.
near Albany, N. Y. This means" that at
some time in the future, should "her
present expressed desire to become a
nun continue, -she will assume the arb
of the order and become a novice.
Miss Hirst, Avho was considered, one
of the prettiest of Philadelphia's young
er set, was soon to he formally" intro
duced, and ,hr parents were already
planning an elaborate debut for her,
when she determined on a convent life.
substitute teachers will be Miss Kath
erine Flynn, Miss "Willie B McCrery
andMiss Virginia Thomas. The sub
stitute teachers are among the best in
the schools, as they will be required
to handle any department at any time.
The 1911 school census in the cfty
has Increased from 7100 children last
year to 7600. This increase in thecen
sus means that ther.e will be art in
crease in the number of children at
school. The enrolment of. last .year
was 5516 children and It is expected
that this will be increased by 200 or
There will be several changes among
the teachers in the different schools.
In the high school,. R. E. McCormick
will have charge o&the English department.-
Mr. McCormick has received -a
bachelor of arts degree from the Uni
versity f Texas and a master of arts
degreelfrom Harvard. . 3 . -,jj -
MIssSAlIene Btscker'will have charg&v
ji. -ic ujjaniu uaaaqs" ill j Hie -lilgll
sohool 'and takes Miss Isabel Kelly's
place. Miss Kelly having been granted
a year's leave of absence to take a
course in advanced Spanish at the Uni
versity ot Texas. Miss Blacker was
the history teacher in the San Jacinto
school last year.
French aad German.
The French and German courses in
the high school will be continued this
year and Prof. Rene de Serviere will
again have charge of the department.
Mr. de Serviere took an advanced
course in modern languages at the
New Mexico university summer school
during the vacation.
The public speaking classes, which j
proved so popular in tne nign scnooi
last year, will again be on the high
school bill of studies, and Prof. A. H.
Hughey will again have charge of
Miss 'Mary L. Watkins, a graduate of
the Fort Worth kindergarten training
school, will teach in the kindergarten
department of the city schools this
year, and takes Miss Dixie Fassett's
a years leave of absence in order to
attend a training school at Baltimore.
Xevr DomesfSc Science Teacher.
Miss Mary G. Lampe and Miss Dora
Hart have been secured." to take charge
of the domestic science classes in the
grade schools. Miss Lampe, who is a
graduate of the Pratt Institute 'n
Brooklyn, will, have charge of the do
mestic art and the domestic science
classes, and Miss Hart, a graduate ot
(Continued on Page Ten.)
fellows may feel all right .with ,a J
Nweek's growth of beard upon the chin,
I never "am dust at ease unless cleanly
shaven. I find the razor and its outfit"
take but little room in the camper's
pack, and the time required for the
daily shave is, but a fey minutes."
Traveling men have become very par
tial to the keen -litfle blades that re
quire no sharpening and which can be
tossed away after being used a few
times. They find It Is perfectly feasi
ble to stand In the swaying Pullman
and shave -w'lth the train speeding
along at 50 miles an hour. Slight or
morning, the .safety razor is-ready for
business. A dash of water, a brisk rub
bing of lather into the beard, a few
quick strokes of the razor and the
work is done.
They All Like It.
Even those who enjdy the luxurious
barber shops, find it convenient fre
quently to .share themselves at home,
when in a rush to get to their office
or alse getting- ready to eentertaln
guests In the evening.
The shaving habit is old as the cus
tom, of "wearing" smopth faces instead
of the beards that found favor in the
cave age. -But the use of the safety
razor is of comparatively recent origin.
It is within -the last"two or three years
that this style of 'razzor has come into
general use, through persistent adver
With the old style razors, shayers
would cut their, faces when the razor
was too sharp or else pull out the
beard because thejr could not keep
their razors sharp enough. As a result,
they sought the comforts of the bar
ber's chair, where at least, there was
Observance,' to Commence
Sunday Big Parade Fbr
ARE ONE FEATURE
Labor Sunday will be observed by or
ganized labor in El Paso with a
massed service in Cleveland Square,
Sunday evening, beginning at 8
oclock. All Protestant churches
Ijave spspended their evening ser
vices Sunday in order that' the con
gregatoins may attend the service,
which has been arranged as the open
ing of the annual Labor day celebra
tion. Thje meeting will be presided
over by Charles H. Escott, president
of the "Central Labor union, who will
introduce the speakers.
The program, as arranged for Labor
Invocation by Rev. Kenneth Brown.
Scripture reading by Rev. Henry
Easter. - , r
Address in Spanish by Rev. A. -Mars-ton.
Address in English by Rev.' J. D.
Address in English by Rev. Perry J.
Address in English by -Rev. , Caspar
Benediction by Rev. E. H. Combs.
Musical director Farvin Witte.
t Labor day will begin at 10 oclock
Monday morning with, a parade of the
massed workers of the city, marching
In the formations of "their respective
trades unions. L S. Fisher will be
'grand marshal of the parade and J. L.
-Outzs and F. R- Telton will bev his
aides. The parade will be separated
into two divisions, with a squad of
mounted police preceding the first di
The Line of March. v
The parade will form on Overland
street and the line of march will he
north on Campbell to San Antonio
street, west on San Antonio street to
El Paso street, north on El Paso ,to
Mills street, east on Mills street to
Stanton stfeeC.pSuth on Stanton to
Texas street, east on Teas to Camp
bell street, so.ut.li,. on Campbell to San
Antonio street, east on San Antonio
toSouth 0cor street, south on Ochoa
to Overland street. ,wher'e; each organ
ization will line up on each side of
Overland street going west and pass
in review on Overland street to Union
Labor hall and disband.
The formation of the two divisions as
arranged by the committees fn. charge
of the parade will be:
' First Division.
Union band, 14 pieces.'
Pastors' union. . " x
Plasterers union. -
Machinists. - ,'
Sheet Metal Workers.
Fort Bliss ball team. ;
Carpenters' union. l
Globe Mills hall team.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen.
White Sox bail team.
International ball team.
Railway Car Men.
Typographical union. , '
Painters and Paperhangers.
After the parade the-labor organiza
tions will go to Washington park,
where the afternoon program will be
given. A baseball game between the
(Continued on Page Ten.
ah edge on the razor and there was not
so .much danger of a, cut and less of a
"pull." Conditions have changed now,
and the man with the safety prefers his
clean shave at home before he goes to
work. There is no waiting in line at I
the shop maybe late to work as a re
sult and he knows just who he Is
shaving "af ter when he uses his own
razor and mug at home. This fact has
probably led as many to adopt the
safety razor as anything else this
guarantee of cleanliness.
Barber Admits tie Iioss.
A barber, discussing the safety razor
recently, said: "The safety has hurt our
business more than the average per
son imagines. Where 10 men used to
come regularly to be shaved, scarcely
three now patronize the shops, and I
do not know that I can blame them.
At home, they use their own utensils,
they do not have to wait and they
shave at their leisure, instead of sacri
ficing time from their business. They
have no trouble keeping their razors
in condition and there is no danger of
getting cut. Men who used to come to
the shop regularly every day or at
least each alternate day, for a shave,
now come only 'when they need a' hair J
trim or a snampoo. xnis cuis into iu
barber business hard, for there is much
more moneyin shaving two men at 30
cents than there is in cutting a man's
hair at 35 cents, and then a 'man usu
ally tips the barber as much on a shave
as he does on a hair cut, so that in
the end, the barber made his money
from the men who shaved. This class of
trade has diminished so rapidly with
the adeut cf the safety razor that the
barber business is no longer anything
like the business it was a few years
Is Unveiled and Pesented in
Honor of German General
- Who Fought For TJs.
PEACE IS TEXT OF -PRESENTATION
Berlin, Germany, Sept. 2. Symbol
izing the function as a pledge of peace
and a guarantee of the sincerity of the
hope of all American people that the
two nations be drawn closer together
in the bonds of peace, congressman
Richard Bartholdt, as special envoy of
the United States, today presented, to
emperor William and the German peo
ple, the statue erected by America. In
Berlin to the memory of Gen. Von
Steuben, who fought with the Ameri
can army in the war of the revolution.
The presentation was made in the
presence of a brilliant assemblage of
German court attaches and Ameri
cans. Congressman Bartholdt said:
"Your majesty, by the direction of
the president of United States we
have come across the ocean to fulfill
the purport of a resolution unani
mously adopted by the American con
gress providing for the presentation
his majesty, the German emperor
and the German people of a statue of
Gen. "Von Steuben, a great German and
erstwhile, citizen and hero of two con
tinents as a gift from the American
people. If in the performance of this
honorable mission I may be permitted,
to interpret the sentiments of the peo
ple of the United States, I would
say, on behalf - of president Taft's
special embassy that the proffered
donation is to be a pledge of peace
and amity and a guarantee of the
sincerity of the earnest hope, cher
ished by all Americans, that the effect
that this ceremony may be to draw
more and more closely the bonds of
traditional friendship and good will
which, strengtheaed as they are by the
ties of blood, have always so happily
united thegreat German Empire with
the great Republic of the west, the
United States of America.
Xame Awakens Patriotism.
"The name Steuben will ever awaken
patriotic memories beyond the ocean.
Its bearer was the embodiment of
German order ,and discipline and. -of
the loyalty of which the poet says, if
it were not as old as the world, surely
a German would have invented it. He
was not only the order creating genius
of the Colonial army, but also the
indefatigable, though modest organizer
of victories. In just appreciation of this
great achievement a grateful people,
nobly disregarding national distinc
tions, honored his memory by the erec
tion in front of the white house in
Washington of a monument which is to
commemorate his valuable services
as well as those rendered by the Ger
mans generally to the cause of Amer
ican independence. And today's cele
bration? It is verily a beautiful act
of international courtesy, but may w
hot also interpret the ready accept
ance of this statue as a just and
generous willingness, on the part of
Steuben's old fatherland and its ex
alted sovereign, to appreciate and
honor those who by their conduct
abroad have added luster to the Ger
man name? Millions of hearts on the
other ide of the Atlantic which throb
warmly on account of this dedication
will rejoice exultantly at such inter
pretation. Peace Greetings.
"Prom the materal to the political
and ideal significance of today's act
ds hut a stop. The peace president
extends to the peace kaiser under
(Continued pn Page Ten.) -
Turkey Expects to Gain
Much by Accepting Eng
AMERICAN GIL IS
RECEIVED IN WALES
London, Eag., Sept. 2. Turkey hM
at last definitely awarded the contract
for a battleship f the socalled "Dread
nought"" type to W. G. Armstrong,
Wfiitworth & conaijany of Newcastle
on-Tye and to Vickers Ihlted, tk
Tater to furnish the arraaiaewL Thm
rgbrernment reserves the right sf or
dering another vessel at the anw
The sew battleship. It is said, wttl
be the largestXwarshlp la tha world.
The price to be paid is considerably,
higher than that at which the Bethle--hem
Steel company of America, in coa.
junctlen with an EHglisfa firm, offered
to build the ships. However, as .the.
grand vizier candidly told a diplomat
who was supporting the tender of th
American company, Turkey 2y placlns;
the contract with the successful ten-(
derers will obtain compensation ia
other directions which, will more thaa
make up for the Increased cost of th
It has net yet been disclosed of what
these compensatioss will coasist, bus
it Is generally understood that the
British minister at Constantinople w
able to inform the porte that the ac
ceptance of the Armetresg" teadac
might Induce the British governmealu
to look with a kladlier eye on the
Turkish proposals for the settleraeat
of certaia questions arising out of the
steamboat monopoly held by a British!
company to operate steamers. e Turk-
ish rivers; noninterference with Turk
ey's .plans ia Albania; and the long
standing dispute over the btrilding o"
the Bagdad railway. On the latter
subject actice negotations are sow
proceeding In the Turkish capital, with
good prospects of success aad the -ultimate
conception, of the line.
May BH4 CWllax Ski.
Besides the support of the govern
ment the British shipbuilders have
good press agents, aad frequent para
graphs appear in the Xiondoa papers ia
which It Is intimated that anaog- the
contracts that for the buildia of the
Chilian warships is to he gi-rea to
England As a- mater of fact these
contracts have not bees let asd it may.
1 be months before they are. Aenarican,
British and coatlseatal firms,-all havs
agents in the Chlliaa capital aad even
before the fall of the late government
very little progress had heen made to
wards the signing- of the contracts.
Jfew Iilbel Iiaw.
An effort Is at last to he .aade t
relieve the newspapers of Bagland
from some of the evils they suffer un
der the preseat law of libeL. Besides
having to pay many claims of black
mailing character, invariably whea a
newspaper defends aa action for libel
the jury gives the claimant heavy
damages, very oftea ag&iast fee advice
of the judge. To avoid tWs sir George
Toulmln has introduced a hill ia the
house of commons; which provides that
if a judge is satisfied that the
alleged libel Is trival. and that
the words complained, of have bee
published In good faith, he may stay
all proceediags, unless the plalatifl
gives security for the defendant'
Hay Cemmeat est Trdieta
Other provisions of the hill are that
fair and accurate reports of pWW
meetings, proceediags la ooart and. the
T finding of the courts, although. th-
findlng be subsequently varied, aad any
fair and bona fide comment thereoa,
shall be privileged. .At preseat a papec
cannot comment on any verdiet until
it has reached the fiaal eowrt; by which"
time in many 'cases, all public Interest
in the matter has been lost
Wise Old "Walter.
The house of commons has lost ons
of its oldest and most popular figaresv
In the suddea death of CottlBS, the
headwaiter of the smoking room. St
had charge of what is knows as the
Upper Smoking- room, one of the exv
elusive rooms into whioh the member
cannot introduce a stranger. CoUiaaf
an Irish cockney, was one of thos4
quiet, unobtrusive servants of the old
school, who knew the wants of all hi
clients and took them their accus
tomed drink as soon as they entered
the room. He too, was full of informa
tion and chancellor IJoyd George ones
said that when he wished to kaoi
what the house of commons was geiaf
to do he went to the host Informed man
Anemic ia "Wales..
One of the interesting features t
the procession of the Gorsedd Bards t
the Mystic Circle at the Eisteddfod,
the national assembly of Welsh hards
at Carmarthen, Wales, was the pres
entation of a daughter of xthe poet
Henry W. Longfellow to the veaerabla
In company with a party of 1M
Welsh-Americans, the poet's daughter
made the pilgrimage from Boston and
the Welsh-Americans expect to make
aa aanual pilgrimage to the gathering.
Before the presentation a represents
tlve of the Breton Gorsedd raountetd
the Logan-stone and 'made aa address
In excellent "Welsh. The same day also
saw the investiture and initiation ot
the successful candidates for -fcardlc
Tevra ReHes portrait.
The town of Wolverhampton is all
excitement over the refusal by its aus
tere officials of a presentation portrait
of captain Webb, the famous channel
swimmer. Captain Webb was a native
ot "Wolverhampton; in the painting he
is" shown wearing the customary swim
ming trukg only, and this brevity of
attire affected, the sensibilities of local
officials. George Phooalx, the artist,
in presenting the picture, recommended
that it be hung ia the municipal
baths, which in winter are used fe
In a letter acknowledging the artist's
offer the town, clerk says that th
chairman of the baths committee con
sidered the portrait an excellent one
in every respect but could net recom
mend the committee to accept it Tht
artist is inviting the public to hk
studio to pass upon the propriety oi
his work, and local feeling runs hlgn.