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Sport and Society Section
E3 A 9 A m .A -X-B4' --" ""
Governor of New Jersey, Former Head of Princeton Uni
versity, Author and Progressive, the Democratic
Nominee Began Life in an Humble Way and
Has Risen Steadily By Hard Work.
Trenton, N. J., July 3. Dr. Wood
row "Wilson was born at Staun
ton, A'a., December 28, 1853. He
is the son or Dr. Joseph R. Wilson, a
Persbyterlan minister, and the grand
son of judge James Wilson, an Irish
man of Scotch descent who migrated
from county Down to Phlladelpnia in
liOi. James Wilson prospered and be
came manager of the Aurora, a leading
Democratic journal, Philadelphia then
being the national capital.
It was at Steubcnville. Ohio, that Jo
seph Ruggles AVilson. the father of
oodrow Wilson, was born on Feb.
:., 1S22. He was the scholar of James
V ilson's family. Jefferson college
graduated him as valedictorian In
' .14, jfter which he taught school and
prepared for the Presbyterian ministry
at the Western Theological seminary
an1 Princeton seminary. In 1849 Jo
seph R. Wilson married Janet Wood
row, daughter of Dr. Thomas Wood
row, a famous Presbyterian minister
of the daj. who was a descendant from
ancient English stock. The Rev. Mr.
Wilson became the father of two
daughters before he was called as pas
tor to Staunton, Va., where a third
child, a son, was born and christened
rather Noted 'As Southern Minister.
When Thomas Woodrow was two
vears old his father took a pastorate
in Augusta, Ga-. and soon became one
of the most noted ministers of the
south. Thoroughly equipped as a
tueologlan, and a pulpit orator of
power, he early reached and long
maintained a position of much Influ
i nee in his church. When the civil war
broke out be embraced the confederate
Tommy Wilson, the Augusta school
boj. is described by Prof. John T. Der
1j, one of his teachers as quiet and
exceptionally studious. The most im
portant instructor of young Wilson,
however, -was his father, a man of
wide information on tho affairs of the
world. His father believed that no
boay had grasped a thought until he
could put it quickly and definitely into
v.ords. This he did himself, and this
he taught his son to do. As a result
Tommy came to learn the written sym
bols in which speech is set down. He
was learning only a method of re
cording and transmitting .1 language
which he was already ,well able to
Enters School and College.
ml.. -nfc?y.na n.ttfju) fpfl!Tl AllEniStn. tO
Columbia, a Cr in70. Dr. AVlJsiTTP" "r
signing the pastorate to take tile chair ;
of pastoral ana evangelistic tneoiogy
in the Southern Presbyterian Theologi
cal seminary. At Columbia Tommy at
tended Charles Parnwell's private
school. At the age of 17 he entered
Davidson college, at Davidson, X. C.
Living at the college was rather
primitive: the boys kept their own
rooms, filled their own lamps, cut up
and brought in wood for their own
fires, and -carried in water from the
pump. Young Wilson joined a literary
society and played on the baseball
nine, once having the pleasure of hear-,
ins the captain say, "Wilson, you'd
make a dandy player if you weren't so
He did not finish the year at David
sen, for he fell 111 before examinations
came and was taken to his home, now
at Wilmington. N. C where his father
had takena pastorate. Here Wilson
took things comparatively easy for a
j ear. Except for tutoring in Greek,
and a few other studies that he though
might be necessary for entrance tu
Princeton, he busied himself with read
ing, looking up the historic points of
tie city, and with the social life of the
lr. and Mrs. Wilson's popularity had
made the parsonage a social center in
the city, so that young Wilson's asso
i lates, who were practically all older
ttan himself, were men and women of
culture and brilliancy. Because of
these associations it was an urbane
and amply self confident young man
v-no left Wilmington one day in Sep
tember, 1875, to enter Princeton col
lege. About this time he dropped his
Christian name Thomas and became
known as Woodrow Wilson.
Prominent Jn Honor Class.
Woodrow Wilson attained prom
inence amon- his mates In the "famous
class of '79." No less than 42 of the
12- graduates of '79 were "honor men.''
having an average of 90 percent or
better lor the lour years course, v ii
son barely got in among them; he
Besides being a good student at
Frnceton, Wilson became managing
editor of the eollege paper and was
prominent in undergraduate activities.
He spent a great deal of his time in
tlie college library, specializing on gov
ernment, the theory of it, and the lives
of political leaders. To this he added
assiduous practice in writing and ex
t mporaneous speaking. He belonged
to the Whig hall and the Liberal De
Wilson is not recorded as a prize de
bater, but he did score as second soph
Gets Into International Review.
At the age of 22 he signalized the
closing of his undergraduate days at
Pi inccton by breaking into the Inter
national Review, in Its issue of August,
IS 79, with an article entitled "Cabinet
Government in the United. States." The
article contrasted British and Ameri
can systems of government, pointing
cat advantages in the British.
In the fall of 1879 Wilson took up
tl'e law course at the university of Vir
tima, where he indulged in a long,
drooping mustache, and in membership
in the glee club. "She Sleeps, My Lady
Sleeps." is shown by old programs of
vmversity concerts to have been one of
Wilson's tenor solos.
In May. 1882, he carried his law di
ploma and an oratorical prize to At
lanta. Ga., where he opened an office
for the practice of law. The office,
bowever. did not prosper, and after 18
leisurely months he gave up.
The Atlanta experiment. however,
v-as far from eventless. Although lit
igants gave him nothing to do, he was
t ot idle. He improved his time by se
curing the promise of Miss Ellen Lou
ise Axson to be his wife. The Axsons
nere a prominent Georgia lowlands
family. The young couple wero mar
ried in 1885.
Ills First Book and Degree
In 1885 appeared "Congressional Gov
ernment; a Study of Government by
Committee," by Woodrow AVilson. The
bulk of the labor on this volume, was
aone during Wilson's two year course
in science of government in Johns Hop
kins university, which accepted the
v ork as a thesis and conferred upon
the author the degree of Ph. D.
In the fall of 1885 Mr. Wilson began
teat lung political economy to the girls
C'f Bryn Mawr. From this institution
11 f went to Wesleyan university, where
remained until called to Princeton
n lSu to occupy the chair of juris
prudence and politics. In 1902 he was
elected president of Princeton.
Enters Duties as President of Princeton
President AVilson made it clear at
the start that conditions at the uni
versity were to be changed, and, wheth
er for better or for worse, to be
changed radically. He stated that
colleges needed to be revolutionized,
and went so far as to say he would
endeavor "to graduate students as un-
like their fathers as possible."
His policies kept him In almost con
tinuous conflict with the university
trustees and professors. In fact, the
bitterest controversies in the institu
tion's history marked his term. Wil
son's friends say it was a conflict be
tween a progressive and democratic
president and the forces of privilege
and aristocracy. '
AVilson Elected Governor.
In May, 1010, the graduate college
of Princeton university became the
legatee of a 53,000,000 estate, which
could not be accepted without sacrific
ing Wilson's policies. The money was
accepted. The president's resignation
did not come, however, until after the
New Jersey state Democratic conven
tion, on Sept. 15, 1910, had nominated
him for the governorship. In the fol
lowing November New Jersey went
Democratic for the first time since
1892 and elected AVilson by a large
The spare, well formeo, grayeyed
man started his campaign by ordering
the state chairman of his party out of
his office, never to return. He also
forced tnrough a Democratic assembly
and Republican senate a direct primary
and election law which takes the or
ganization of both parties in New Jer
sey out of the hands of the bosses.
Governor AVilson' s 25 years of teach
ing had qualified him, he thought, to
be a beneficiary under Andrew Car
negie's 515,000,000 foundation fund for
the support of retired college profes
sors. He applied for the pension, but
did not get it. AVhen the news of the
application and its'refusal became pub
lic. Gov. AA'ilson made this statement:
"The Carnegie foundation for the ad
vancement of teaching is not a plan for
old age pensions, but for the granting
of retiring allowances on the ground
of length and quality of service. AVhen
L had just entered the uncertain field
of politics, I applied to the foundation
for a retiring allowance, to which I
understood myself to be entitled un
der the rules adopted by the trustees
r-naTe no private means to eiepona
upon. A man who goes into politics
bound by the principles of honor puts
his family,- and all who may be de
pendent on him for support, at the
mercy of any incalculable turn of the
wheel of fortune, and 1" felt entirely
justified in seeking to provide against
such risks, particularly when I was
applying for what I supposed myself
to be entitled to by right of long ser
vice as a teacher under the rules of
the foundation and not by favor.
"I understand that upon receipt of
my application the executive commit
tee of the trustees of the foundation
restricted the interpretation of their
rule and declined to grant the allow
ance." Changes Opinion on Great Reforms.
As governor, AVilson changec Ills at
titude toward the initiative, referen
dum and recall. "For 20 years," said
he in discussing the matter, "I
preached to the students of Princeton
that the referendum and recall were
bosh. I have since investigated, and
I want to apologize to those students.
They are the safeguards of politics.
They take the power from the bosses
and place it in the hands of the peo
ple. I want to say with all my power
that I favor them."
The earliest recorded mention of
AV oodrow AA'ilson as a presidential pos
sibility is in the form of a letter writ
ten by someone in Indianapolis to the
News of that city at the time of A il
son's inauguration as president of
Princeton. This first boom was revived
on Feb. 3, 1909, at the Lotus club, New
York, where Mr. Wilson was the guest
of honor. On that occasion CoL George
Harvey mentioned him as a possible
candidate for the presidential nomina
Harper's AVeckly Incident.
CoL Harvey's magazine. Harper's
Weekly, for a time gave ardent sup-
I port to Wilson's campaign for the nom-
fnofln. Kut ot Ka halnnnrr rtF 1 i 1
this support was withdrawn. Harper's
printed this explanation:
"The name of AA'oodrow Wilson as
our candidate for president was taken
down from the head of these columns
in response to a statement made to us
directly by governor AVilson, to the
effect that our support was affecting
his candidacy Injuriously."
In the famous AVIlson-Harvey con
troversy which followed, Col. Henry
AVatterson sided with his fellow edi
tor and declared that AVilson, who he
had hoped would prove another Tilden,
had turned out to be merely a school
master. AA'rote a nistory.
It was as an author that Mr. Wilson
first achieved a degree of ,fame out
side of Princeton. As an author he Is
now least known. His largest literary
achievement is his vflve valume "His
tcry of the American People."
As to his reasons for writing the
history, he has said:
"I wanted to make my own concep
tions of American history definite, and
I wanted others to see American his
tory and American men as I myself see
Certain views concerning immigra
tion which AVilson expressed m his
history resulted in considerable oppo
sition to him during his campaign for
the Democratic presidential candidacy.
Italians and other southern Europeans
took exception to his references to
. them as "low, inferior fellows."
.... .. .iaim.u UJ IIDU1I H VlJUOi
tion in the campaign that he had com
mended Immigrants from China while
expressing concern and disgust for
Delivers Course of Lectures.
A course of lectures delivered at Co
lumbia university In 1908 contained the
substance of his first book. "Congres
sional Government," and they were
brought up to date by his attempt to
show how In the years between 1SS6
and 1908 responsibility gravitated to
ward the president of the United
Mr. AVilson's second book. "The
State," is used as a textbook in many
schools and colleges. This -was fol
lowed by two books of essays. Then
came "George AVashlngton," and "The
History of the American People."
Mr. AVilson has made countless edu
cational addresses, and has written a
great number of essays on political,
educational and economic topics which
have never been put into book form.
His style in writing is clear and vig
orous and his diction, both in writing
and speaking, is noteworthy for its
Convention Hall. Baltimore Md.,
June 29. The platform of the Demo
cratic national convention, on which
the nominee will make his appeal for
the votes of the country, was adopted
by the convention this afternoon. It
"We, the representatives of the Dem
ocratic party of the United btates. In
national convention assembled, re
affirm our devotion to the principles
of Democratic government formulated
by Thomas Jefferson and enforced by
a long and illustrious line of Demo
"We declare it to be a fundamental
principle of the Democratic party that
the federal government under the con
stitution has no right or power to
(impose or collect tariff duties, ex
cept for the purpose of revenue, and
we demand tlisit the collection ot
such taxes shall be limited to the ne
cessities of government honestly and
"The high Republican tariff is the
principal cause of the unequal dis
tribution of wealth: it is a system ol
taxation which makes the rich riche
and the poor poorer; under Its opera
tions the American farmer and laboring
men are the chief sufferers; it raises
tho cost of the necessaries of life to
th-m. but does not protect their prod
uct or wage. The farmer sells largely
In free markets and buys almost en
tirely in the protected markets. In
the "mot highly protected industries
such as cotton and wool, steel and
Iron, the wases of the laboiers are
the lowest paid in any of out Indus
tries. AV denounce the Republican
pretense on that subject and assert
that American wages are established
by competitive conditions and not by
the tariff. .
"We favor the immediate downward
revision of the existing high, and in
manv cases, prohibitive tariff dues,
insisting that material reductions be
speedily made upon the necessaries or
life. Articles entering into competition
with the trust controled products and
articles -of American manufacture
which are sold abroad more cheaply
than at home, should be put upon tho
free list. .
"AVe recognise that our system oi
tariff taxation is intimately connected
with the business of the country and
we favor the ultimate attainment of
the principles we advocate by legis
lation that will not injure or destroy
"AVe denounce the action of president
Taft in vetoing the bills to reduce
the tariff in the cotton, woolen, metals
and chemicals schedules and the farm
ers' free list bill, all of which, were
designed to. give immediate relief to
Uwrtrfasses1 from the exactlons-of. tne
"The Republican party, while promis
ing tariff revision, has shown by Its
tariff legislation, that sudh revision
is not to be made in the peoples
interest and having been faithless to
it's pledges of 1S96 it should no longer
enjoy the confidence of the nation. AVe
appeal to the American people to
support us in our demand for a taritl
for revenue only .
High Cost of Living .
"The high cost of living is a serious
problem in every American home. The
Republican party, in its platform at
tempts to escape from responsibility
for present conditions by denying
that they are due to a protective tariff.
Ae take Issue with them on this sub
ject and charge that excessive prices
result in a large measure from the
high tariff laws enacted and main
tained by the Republican party and
from trusts and commerical conspir
acies fostered and encouraged by such
1 a -ws
tVntl Trust Law.
"A private monoply is indefensible
and intolerable. We therefore favor
the vigorous enforcement of the crim
inal as well as the civil law against
trusts and trust officials, and demand
enactment of such additional legisla
tion as may be necessary to make
it impossible for a private monoply
to exist in the United States We
favor the declaration by law of the
conditions on which corporations shall
be permitted to engage in interstata
trade including, among others. the
prevention of holding companies, ol
interlocking directors, of stock water
ing, discrimination in price, control by
any corporation of so large a propo
sition of any Industry as to make
it a menace.
Trust Compromise Condemned.
"AVe condemn the action of the Re
publican administration in compromise
ing with the Standard Oil company
and the tobacco trust and its failure
to invoke the criminal provisions of
the anti trust law against the offi
cers of those corporations ofter the
court declared that from the unllsputed
facts in the record they had violated
the criminal provisions of the law.
We regret that the Sherman anti
trust has received a judicial construc
tion depriving it of much of its ef
feclcacy and we favor the enactment
of legislation which will restore the
statute the strength of which it has
been deprived by such interpretation.
Rights of the States.
"Believing that most efficient results
under our system of government are
to be attained by the full exercise by
the states of their reserved sover
eign powers.we denounce as usurpation
the efforts of our opponents to de
prive the states of any of the rights
reserved to them, and to enlarge and
magnify by Indirection the powers of
the federal government.
"We insist upon the full exercise ot
all the powers of the government,
both state and national, to protect tho
people from injustice at the hands of
those who seek to make the govern
ment a private asset in business. There
is no twilight zone between the na
tional and the state, in which ex
ploiting interests can take refuge
from both. It is as necessary that
the federal government shall exercise
the powers reserved to them, but we
regulation of Interstate commerce and
for the prevention of private monoply
shall be added to and not substituted
for state remedies."
Congratulations and Knocks.
The party then congratulates the
country upon the reform triumphs ot
the federal income tax and direct
election of United States senators and
urges all to rally to their adoption.
Gratification is expressed at the unan
imous sentiment in favor of publicity
before elections of campaign contribu
tions and the house of representatives
is commended for extending the doc
trine to presidential appointments,
ownership of newspapers and expendi
tures for candidates for presidential
nominations. In justification for tho
last three the party points to tho
"enormous" use of money In behalf of
the president and his predecessor in
the recent Republican presidential
"The movement towards more popu
lar government should he promoted
through legislation in each state which
will permit the acceptance of the
.,r.,n nf the electors for national
candidates at presidential primaries,", j
the platform continues.
nr ziii-oot th.it the national com
mittee incorporate in the call for the ,
next nominating conreutiuu a iu...
ment that all expressions of preference
for presidential candidates shall be
given and the selection of delegates
and alternates made through a primary
election conducted by the party organ
ization in each state where such ex
pression and election are not provided
for by state laws. Committeemen
are hereafter to constitute the member
ship of the national committee and
whose election is not provided for by
law shall be chosen in each state at
such primary elections and the ser
vice and authority of committeemen,
however chosen, shall begin immedi
ately upon the receipt of their cre
"AVe pledge the Democratic party
to the enactment of a law prohibit
ing any corporation from contribut
ing to a campaign fund and any in
dividual from contributing any amount
above -a reasonable maximum.
Term of President.
"We favor a single presidential
term and to that end urge the adop
tion of an amendment to the consti
tution, making the president of the
United States ineligible for reelection,
and we pledge the candidate of this
convention to this principle.
"At this time, when the Republi
can party, after a generation of un
limited power In Its control of the fed
eral government, is rent into factions,
it is opportune to point to the record
of accomplishments of the Democratic
house of representatives in the 62d
congress. AA'e indorse its action and
we challenge comparison of its record
with that of any congress which has
been controled by our opponents.
"AA'e call the attention of the pat
riotic citizens of our country to its
record of efficiency, economy and con
The platform then enumerates many
of the bills initiated and passed by
Regarding the Democratic plans for
national defence it says:
"AVe approve the measure reported
by the Democratic leaders In the house
for the creation of a council of na
tional defence which will determine a
definite naval program with a view to
increased efficiency and economy. The
party that proclaimed and has always
enforced the Monroe doctrine and was
snoneor for the new navy. Will con-
l-tinue faithfully to observe-:thocon"sll-;
tutlonai requirements to provide ana
maintain an adequate and well propoc-
can nolicies: protect our citizens and
i uphold the honor and dignity of tne
"AA'e denounce the profligate waste
of the money wrung from the people
by oppressive taxation through the
lavish appropriations of recent Re
publican congresses, which have kept
taxes high and reduced the purchasing
power of the people's toil. AVe de
mand a return to the simplicity and
economy which benefits a democratic
government, and a reduction In the
number of useless offices, the salaries
of which drain the substance of the
Public Service Corporations.
"AVe favor the efficient supervision
and rate regulation of railroads, ex
press companies, telegrapn and tele
phone lines engaged in interstate com
merce. To this end we recommend the
i valuation of railroads, express compan
ies, telegraph and telephone lines Dy
the interstate commerce commission,
such valuation to take into considera
tion the physical value of the property,
the original cost, the cost of reproduc
tion, and any element of value that
will render the valuation fair and just.
"We favor such legislation as will
effectively prohibit the railroads, ex
press, telegraph and telephone com
panies from engaging in business
which brings them into competition
with their shippers, also legislation
preventing the over issue of stocks and
bonds by interstate railroads, express
companies, telegraph and telephone
lines and legislation which will assure
.such reduction in transportation rat'-s
as will permit, care being taken to
avoid reduction that would compel
a reduction of wages, prevent adequate
service or do injustice to legitimate
Uncivilly I cglslntion.
"AAe oppose the socalled Aldrieh bill
or the establishment of a central bank
and we believe the people of the coun
try will be largely freed from panics
and consequent employment and busi
ness depression by such a systematic
revision of our banking laws as will
render temporary relief in localities
where such relief is needed, with pro
tection from control or domination by
what i3 known as the money trust.
"Banks For the Public.'"
"Banks exist for the accommodation
of the public and not for the control
of business. All legislation on the
subject of banking and currency should
have for its purpose the securing of
these accommodations on terms of
absolute security to the public and of
complete protection from the misuse of
the power that wealth gives to those
who possess it.
"We condemn the present methods
of depositing government funds in a
few favored banks, largely situated
in or controled by Wall Street, in re
turn for political favors and we pledge
our party to provide by law or their
deposit by competitive bidding among
the banking Institutions of tne coun
try. Rural Credits.
"Of equal importance with the ques
tion of currency reform is the ques
tion of rural credits or agricultural
finance. Therefore we recommend that
an investigation of agricultural credit
societies in foreign countries be made,
so that It may be ascertained whether
a system of rural credits may be de
vised suitable to conditions In tho
United States: and we also favor legis
lation permitting national banks to
loan a reasonable proportion of their
funds on real estate security.
"We recognize the value of voca
tional education and urge federal ap
propriations for such training and ex
tension of teaching in agriculture in
cooperation with the several states.
"We renew the declaration in our
last platform relating to the conser
vation of our natural resources and
the development of our waterways. The
present devastation of the lower
Mississippi valley accentuates the
movement for the regulation of river
flow. AA'e hold that the control of
the Mississippi river is a national
"To maintain adequate depth of wa-
ter the entire jear and thereby en
courage water transportation is a con
summation worthy of legislative atten
tion and an issue national in us
character. . .,,,.
"We favor the cooperation of tne
United States and the respective states
in plans for the comprehensive treat
ment of all waterways with a review
of coordinating plans for channel. im
provement with plans for drainage of
swamp and overflow lands, and to this
end we favor the appropriation by tho
federal government, to develop plans
for draining such lands and to super
vise the work of construction.
"We favor national aid to state and
local authorities in the construction
and maintenance of post roads.
Rights of Labor.
"We repeat our declarations of the
platform- of 190S," the platform says
and then reiterates the party's belief
in the courts as a bulwark of liberty
Resentment is expressed toward the
Republican party for rais ng false
issues respecting the judiciary.
"If judicial processes may be abused,
the document continues, "we should
guard then against abuse.
"Experience has proved the necessity
of a modification of the present law
relating to injunction and we reit
erate the pledges of our platforms ol
1S96 and 1904 in favor of a measure
which passed the United States sen
ate in 1S96, relating to contempt in
federal court and providing for trial by
jury in cases of indirect contempt.
"Questions of judicial practice haye
arisen, especially in connection with
industial disputes. AA'e believe that the
parties to all judicial proceedings
should be treated with rigid impartial
ity and that temporary injunctions
should not be Issued In any case In
which a. permanent injunction would
not be issued.
As to Unions.
"The expanding organisation of in
dustry makes it essential that there
should be no abridgement of the right
of the wage earners and producers to
organize for the protection of wages
and the improvement of labor condi
tions to the end that such labor or
ganizations and their members should
not be regarded as illegal combines in
restraint of trade.
"We pledge the Democratic party to
the enactment of a law creating a de
partment of labor represented separate
lv in the president's cabinet in which
department shall be included the sub
ject of mines ana mining.
"We pledge the Democratic party, so
far as the federal jurisdiction expends. J
to an employes' compensation law.
"We believe in the conservation and
tho development for the use of all the
people of the natural resources of the
country. Our forests, our sources ef
-water supplsv our arablapand our naln
eral lands;' and our 'nSvlgable atresias
and all the other material resources
with which our country has been so
lavishly endowed, constitute the foun
dation of our national wealth. Such
additional legislation as may be neces
sary to prevent these being wasttd or
absorbed by-special or privileged in
terests, should be enacted and the
policy of i-elr conservation should bs
rigidly adhered to."
The platform here offers unnecessary
withdrawal of land from sale and urges
the broadest liberality toward the sct
lers. Improvements Promised.
Immediate action to take the coal
deposits of Alaska without monopo
listic control is urgeu.
IIC Control IS urKeu. I
Rxtension of the work of the bureau
of mines is pledged as wen as. a syste-
matic effort to improve conditions of
trade in farm proaucts doib ior con
sumers and producers. Legislation sup
pressing gambling in agriculture
products is favored.
Would Allow Seamen's Desertion.
The platform next urges the foster
ing of the merchant marine, the speedy
enactment of laws for greater security
of life at sea and the repeal of laws
permitting the imprisonment of de
Favor is expressed of exempting
American coastwise trade vessels from
toll at" the Panama canal and also of
legislation forDiuding use of the Pan
ama canal to ships owned or controled
by railroad carriers engaged In trans
portation competitive with tne canal.
Declarations for the betterment of
pure food and public health measures
are reaffirmed, it is declared that the
civil service law "should be honestly
and rigidly enforced." The right ot pe
tition by employes to congress for re
dress of grievances Is recognizee!.
AA'oiiId Reform the Lnvis.
The plaftorm then takes up law re
fcrm and says:
"We recognize the urgent need of
reform in the administration of civil
and criminal law in the United States,
and we recommend the enactment of
such legislation and the promotion of
such measures as will rid the present
legal system of the delays, expense
and uncertainties incident to the system
The thrice expressed policy of the
party against the colonial exploitation
of the Philippines is reaffirmed.
Arizona and New Mexico are wel
comed to the sisterhood of states and
congratulated upon the beginning of
' Protection for Americans.
Full territorial privileges- are de
manded for tne people of Alaska. The
Democrats of house and senate are
commended for compelling t'. e abroga
tion of the Russian treaty of 1S3S and
the party is pledged anew to preserve
the rights of American citizenship "at
home-and abroad." A parcels post and
the extension of rural delivery are
favored. Interest in the Panama canal
The adoption of state laws for pro
tection of the national information is
Generous pensions are urged.
Rule of the People.
Upon "rule of the people," the plat
"We call attention to the fact that
the Democratic party's demand for a
return to the rule of the people ex
pressed in the national platform four
years ago has now become the accept
ed doctrine of a large majority of the
electors. We again remind the coun
try that only by a large exercise of
the reserve power of the people can
they protect themselves, from the mis
use of delegated power and the usur
pation of governmental instrumental
ities by special interests. For this
reason the national convention Insisted
on the overthrow of Cannonlsm and the
Inauguration or a system by which
United States senators could be elected
by direct vote. The Democratic partv
offered itself to the country as an
agency through which the complete
overthrow and exterpation of corrup
tion, fraud and machine rule in Amer
ican politics can be effected.
"Our platform Is one of the princi
ples which we believe to be essenfal to
our national welfare. Our pledges are
made to be kept when in office a well
as relied upon during the camraign.
and we invite the cooperation of all
citizens, regardless of party, who be
lieve In maintaining unimpaired the
institutions and traditions of our country."
Democratic Convention Completes Its Business and Ad
journsBryan Congratulates the Delegates and
Says He Is Pleased at the Outcome Night
Session a Love Feast.
Baltimore, Md. July 3.-Withthc
nomination of Gov. Thoroa?,S;tMhfn,
of Indiana, for vice, pre-jident. on the
second ballot, at 1:56 a. m. today, the
Democratic national convention com
pleted its labors and adjourned after
being In session a little over a week.
The nomination of Gov. Marshall for
x.?A.4 AtsmA ?a siiuieLiiiiih - i
thA Bryan-wuson cuih.ih6-
conveUon ha definitely settled upon
Gov. Joseph E. Burke, of Nor h Dakota.
There was not much ot a fish, how-
-.i k twn ballots disclosed
Marshall easily in the lead. Gov. Burke's
name was witnetrawn anu """,--proclaimed
the nominee by acclamation.
A. minute later the convention had ad
journed sine die. j.
The delegates, worn and weary, made
their way out of the big convention
hall singing and happy to start for
home. , rme.
The convention became a lot ef east
when it met to select a running mate
for Gov. Woodrow Wilson. The intense
bitterness of the -last week seemed to
When the convention suspended the
regular order of business the nomi
nation of a vice presidential candidate
shortly before 11 oclock to make way
lor the i reading and adoption of the
platform, six candidates for the vice
presidency had been placed in nomina
tion. They were: Gov. Burke, of rr
Datkota; Gov. Marshall, of Indiana; El
mere W. Hurst, of Illinois; Martin J.
AVade. of Iowa: James H. Preston, of
Maryland, and Champ Clark.
No others were named and as soon
as the platform was out of the way.
the balloting began.
. Bryan Satisfied.
Mr. Bryan said if he had any enemies
those who were his enemies had a mo
nopoly in hatred, for he did not feel
th.f -arv toward any human being. He
! said he- held his country above any per
son. . .,., T
"Tonight." said JJ ryan, "" J .
surrender the standard 1JIlJ.
.i.,-w Mmmi-ns to the nominee of this
convention and I challenge anyone to
say it has ever been lowered In the
face of the enemy."- .
In declining to allow his name to be
coneMered. Mr. Bryan said it was not
Hhey der of -HsiM3Hg th of
fice There was no office so to. ".?
said, that he would not fill it If he feU
his country needed him.
Bryan- praised the platform and Gov.
Wilson and said no candidate for office
would be more active in the coming
campaign than he.
Looks For Republican Suppart,
"I -feel sure that the action of the
convention will appeal to the country.
I had no choice among progressive can
didates, but from the first included
Gov. AA'ilson in every list I had oc
casion to make. His action Incoming
out strongly against Mr. Parker for
temporary chairman was the turning
nolnt In his campaign. The country is
I i"i .- .nj more than half of the
iseany an ul mc .t"
neouoijean party are progressive.
TVm mrflmmmt auestion before this
convention was whether we would take
sides with the reactionaries and thus
encourage the organization of a third
party and giving to the third party the
hope of defeating the reactionaries di-
.... . . rnkl.. An .Ka an.
video into iwo prucs. nwo v.i .... v,
side, and on the other the nomination
of a ticket that would so appeal to tne
progressive element of the nation as
mil-p n third nartv improbable.
"I am satisfied that with Mr. AA'ilson
running for president on the platform
which has been prepared, there will be
comparatively few progressive Republi
cans who will not reel jusiinea in sup-
porting the Democratic ticket. If I were
to make an estimate tonight I would
av that w. ousrht to hit not less than
2,000,000 majority of the popular vote
and enough of the electoral vote to
give us an overwhelming majority In
the electoral college.
The Mght Session.
For the night session, the convention
was again thronged, the galleries filled
t overflowing, snowing a general spir
it of relief over the near approach of
the final scene.
As the delegates gathered, it was re
ported that Champ Clark had agreed
to accept the nomination for lice pres
ident. It was also reported that the
nominating speech would be made by
AA'illiam Jennings Bryan. The speaker
was in Baltimore earlier in the eve
ning. Clark By Acelamaton.
Former governor Dockery. of the
Missouri delegation, said that speaker
Clark would not accept second piice on
the ticket. "Our delegation Is airhor
Ized to decline any offer to name Mr.
Clark," said the ex-governor. Many
still believe the report, however.
Supporters of seeral men prominent
ly mentioned for vice president said
the nomination would go to Clark by
acclamation if he woulu take it.
Mr. Bryan reached the hall at 9:30
and was "given a rousing cheer as he
made his way smiling to Nebraska del
egation. It has been a complete vic
tory for Bryan.
Night Session Convenes.
The night session convened at 9:35
The roll of states was at once called
for nominations for vice president.
. Champ Clark was placed In nomina
tion by delegate Dean, of Georgia.
Dean spoke in his capacity as -m in
dividual delegate. Dockery, of Mis
souri, took the platform to decline the
nomination for Clark.
After full and careful consideration
of the proposition, Dockery said Clark
had decided definitely and finallv that
he could not accept the nomination for
lice president. He said Clark was as
loyal to the party and to Woodrow
AA'ilson as any member of the party.
Clark was not influenced by pique.
Dockery said, but preferred to remain
in his present responsible position as
speaker of the house of representa
tives. Amid a great outburst of ap
plause. Dockery pledged the support of
"old Missouri" to AVilson, "first, last
and all the time."
Got. Burke Is Nominated.
Idabo yielded to North Dakota and
fcrmer senator Purcell placed gover
nor John Burke, of that state, in nom
ination. Samuel Alschuler, of Illinois, named
Elmore W. Hurst of Rock Island. 111.,
for the vice presidency.
Gov. Marshall Put Up.
Indiana placed gove -nor Marshall in
Delegate A'olmer. of Iowa, named
judge Martin J. AVade. of that state.
Judge AA'ade took the platform and de
clined to have his name go before the J
,,,V for when Tine night's balloting pended the rules and heard the read
SrSSbS" " seemed that ing of the platform, which Gov. Wilson
Jor Vice Presiaeni nb" . th I ti,e stndard bearer, had irlven hi;
cenvention. He seconaea rtie nomina
tion of governor Burke.
Baltimore's Mayor Suggested.
Kansas seconded Burke and Louisi
ana seconded Marshall.
Maryland placed mayor James Pres
ton, of Baltimore, in nomination.
The Platform Adopted.
The convention at this juncture su?-
as the standard bearer, bad given hi.
approval. It was adopted by a Vive
voce vote and the balloting for a vice
president -was taken up.
The reading of the platform was con
cluded at 11:45 and senator Kern im
mediately moved its adoption, which
was done by viva voce vote.
The first ballot for vice president re
sulted: Marshall. X89; Burke. 305 2 3,
Chamberlain, 157; Hurst, of Illinois, 77.
Preston, 58; MeCombs, 18; Osborne, 9;
Sulzer. 3; Wade, 2; absent 46.
Marshall was then nominated by ac
clamation. The convention adjourned sine die
at 1.5G a. m.
The Reunited Nation."'
Senator Bankhead, reterrlng to the
withdrawal of Mr. Underwood as a can
didate before the convention yesterday,
spoke in part as follows:
"Mr. Underwood enterest this contest
hoping that he might secure the nom
ination from this convention, but I de
sire to say for him that his first and
greatest hope was that through this
movement he might be able to eliminate
and eradicate for all time every re
maining vestige of factional feeling in
this country. (Applause.)
"Mr. Underwood today would willing
ly, anxiously forego this nomination if
be had succeeeded and if the country
has concluded that the Mason and
Dixon line had. been tramped out and
that this is once more a united coun
"We nave demonstrated here, my
friends, in my judgment, that no longer
that sectional feeling exists. (Ap
plauses "The libera: support that Mr. Under
wood has bad from the east satisfies U3
that if the opportunity were 'presented
they would again support this man.
Not Seeking the Office.
"He has always said: I take no per
sonal part in this convention, and shall
not this time." He has no concern, my
friends, about his own nomination or
election beyond that which naturally
comes to every man who feels that he
is thoroughly equipped and qualified
for that high office. But' I think the
time has come when it is demonstrated
that he cannot be nominated in tins
convention; and he cannot be used to
defeat the nomination of any other
candidate. (Loud -applause.)
"He and his friends everywhere stand
ready to give the nomine? of this con
vention their, hearty support."
A delegate shouted: "Vice presi
dent?" ot Vice Presidential Candidate.
Senator Bankhead: "Alee president?
"No friend of the Democratic party
, would dare suggest to take that man
rrom nis present position, 'applause) .r
they cannot elevate him to the highest
office In the land. A'ice president! Any
body can sit in the vice presidential
chair, (laughter and applause) it is a
kind of an ornament only. Even L
humble as I am, could sit in that chair
: ana say: The gentleman from New
moves to adjourn ' (Laughter).
And that is all. (Laughter.)
"This great Democrat, the democ
racy's best asset: this great Democrat
who has made it possible for the Demo
cratic party to win in the next contest,
will stay where he is and perform the
duties that he has been performing
! without complaint. To take that man
j from the field of usefulness and con-
.struction that he now occupies would
be a crime anless he can be promoted
to the presidential chair, the only pro
motion that you could give him. I hope
no man here will suggest his name for
vice president. He has repeatedly said
'No,' and he is a man who stands by
"Now. ;ny friends, cne more word and
I will conclude.
"Mr Underwood directs me as the
humble instrumert by which his cam
paign has been cot-ducted, to withdraw
his name before the convention. (Ap
plause). He directs me further to
thank most sincerely those devoted
friends who have stood by him so loj -ally
through the tedious hours of this
convention. They can never be blotted
from his memorr. He further directs
nr.e to say to the memehrs of this con
vention that no feeling of resentment
nor animosity xlsts in his heart to
wards any member of It.
"I withdraw his name from before
the convention and he authorizes me to
release from their obligations all the
friends that have been elected for and
instructed to vote for him. which they
have so loyally done as long as hi3
name is before the convention. His
friends are at liberty to ote for whom
they please." (Applause.)
Gov. CNeal (Alabama): "Mr. Chair
man, I assume the state of Alabama
will again be called."
Clark Delegates Released.
Senator Stone of Missouri asked that
tho unanimous consent be given that
the roll call be vacated so that he
could make a statement.
Such consent was gien and senator
"Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the
"I desire following the statement of
senator Bankhead, to sav that, speak
ing for Mr. Clark, I will release, if re
lease be necessary, any obligation to
him Imposed upon any delegation in
this convention. (Applause). The dele
gations who have stood by him so loy
ally will be remembered by him and
his" friends with devoted affection. I
would not have a delegation here stand
for another ballot under a sense of obli
gation to him. I would have them act
as they now think best. So far as tho
Missouri delegation is concerned, un
der the peculiar circumstances that
have surrounded this convention and
its proceedings, we shall vote for
speaker Clark until the last ballot is
cast. If the verdict shall be against
him and in favor of another, I need
not go to the trouble of pledging this
convention and the American Democ
racy that old Champ Clark and his
friends will stand by the ticket."
Poss Is AA'ithdraivn.
Chairman James then announced that
mayor John Fitzgerald, of Boston, liad
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