Newspaper Page Text
William Howard Taft Has Been in the Public Affairs of
the Country Since Young Manhood His Accom
plishments as a President, as Secretary of
War, as Judge and as Citizen.
Washington, D. C., July 3. "William
Howard Taft, the 27th president of the
United States, was bora In Cincinnati
on September IS, 18S7. He comes of a
family distinguished in the law and
the public service.
The first American Taf ts came of the
England yeomanry, transplanted across
the Atlantic by the great upheaval
that peopled New England with Its
sturdy stock. In this coutnry they
turned to the study and practice of law.
Peter Taft, the president's grand
father, was both a maker and an in
terpreter or laws, having served as a
ruer-ber of the Vermont legislature, and
afterwards as a judge.
Alphonso Taft, son of Peter, was
graduated from Yale college and then
went out to the western reserve to
practice law. He settled in Cincinnati,
where William Howard Taft was born.
Alphonso Taft, himself a judge of the
superior bench, earned distinction
through the service of city, state and
nation. During his later years he
served under president Grant as attor
ney general to the department of jus
tice, and finally entered the diplomatic
service as minister first to Austria and
turn to Russia.
The president's mother, Mrs. Louise
M. Torrey Taft. was also of old fins-
land stock, holding strictly to tnose
rigid religious tenets handed down by
her Puritan ancestors. She was a wom
an of great strength oI character and
brilliancy of mind, one ably qualified
through nature's gifts to shape the des
tinies of her three sons, Charles P., Pe
ter and William Howard.
Through Alphonso Taft the scholar,
diplomat and judge, and Mrs. Xiouise
Torrey Taft, the loving mother and
guardian of the ethical and pnyslcal
welfare of the three Taft boys, an- at
mosphere of culture, refinement and
Inspiration was maintained well calcu
lated to produce fine specimens of
American manhood. The career of
each of the boys gives ample evidence
of the influence of this environment.
Alphonso Taft was the first alumnus
of lale college elected to the corpora-
passed and "Big Bill" and editor Bose
engaged in a personal encounter.
Both were men of great physical
strength and determination. They
fought all over the office. The tide of
victory favoring first one and then the
other. In the end, however, Taft bested
the editor and administered to him
such a terrific thrashing that he
begged for mercy. This young Taft
agreed to grant if he would leave
Cincinnati at once. Bose, beaten into
submission, met this requirement and
left the town that night. His paper has
never since apeared upon the street.
This incident illustrates the rugged
determination hidden beneath the Taft
semblance of geniality. He is primari
ly a fighter and though possessed Dy
nature with a kind and genial dispo
sition, likes nothing better than to be
in the heart of a melee. This passion
of young Taft to do and conquer, cou
pled with the judicial training of his
father, and his mother's desire that he
should follow in the footsteps of his
ancestors, won him away from what
might have been a strenuous Hf in
business, or perhaps the army, and led
him to seek a livelihood and fame
tnrougn serving nis country.
In 1SJS0. soon after his fight with
Rose, ne was called to public office,
where he has been in one capacity or
another ever since. First he was as
sistant prosecuting attorney of Hamil
ton county. Here he renedred signal
service by helping to drive out the old
Campbell ring, whose influence had
long dominated Cincinnati's courthouse.
In 1881 he became collector of inter
nal revenue for the first Ohio district
and demonstrated the same ability that
he had showed in the law. A year
later he resigned that office and went
back to the practice of his profession,
joining in partnership with H. G.
Floyd, his father's old partner. In 1883
he became assistant county solicitor.
Two years later, governor Foraker ap
pointed him judge of the superior
court to succeed judge Harmon, who
had resigned to enter president Cleve
land's cabinet. '
In 188fi judge Taft married Miss He!
tion, and retained throughout hli life- en 5?rr.on" daushter of John "W. Herron
time an si lection lor nis alma, mater i " --..------i..
that amounted almost to a passion.
Therefore, each of his boys was des
tined to pursue his studies in that col
lege Charles P. Taft, the eldest son,
graduated with highest honors, the
secord son, Peter, graduated two years
later than Charles. His standing was
higher, all points considered, than that
of any other graduate of the college,
taking into account all the classes
Ircn the beginning. A brilliant career
seemed to opeu before him, but bis
health was impaired and he died after
a few years in invalidism.
Becomes a Reporter.
In the case of William Howard Taft
the same routine of preparatory educa
tion w as mapped out. He attended
first the public schools of Cincinnati,
graauating irom tne wooawara Lign
school in 1874 and later entering Tale
f rop- which university he graduated in
1878, being the salutorian of his class.
Following the graduating exercises
Young Taft returned to Cincinnati,
where he began the study of law in his
father's office, at the same time doing
tourt reporting for the newspaper
owned by his brother, Charles P. Taft.
His salary at first was $6 a -week. So
well did young Taft perform his duties,
however, that Murat Halstead. editor
of the Cincinnati Commercial Gazette,
employed the young man to work for
that paper at an increased salary of $25
Taft, always independent, greeted the
raise as a recognization of his talent,
and. though he was in no way in need
of financial aid. he was highly elated.
His new job brought to hint duties that
held him to a rigid regime. Despite
these duties, however, he still pursued
the law, taking a course at the Cincin
nati law school where Champ Clark
and many other prominent men re
ceived their sheepskins. He graduated
in 1880, dividing first honors with an
other student, and was admitted to the
bar soon afterwards.
That "Big Bill Taft's physical pow
ers were in no way impaired by his
studious pursuits is evidenced by an in
cident that took place at about this
stage of his career. His father, judge
Alphonso Taft, was the defeated candi
date for the governor of Ohio and had
been most scandalously slandered by a
Cincinnati newspaper, owned by a man
Rose had the reputation of running a
blackmailing sheet, deriving his chief
income from blood money extracted
from his victims. According to the
chronicles of the time he was an ex
prize fighter, a bully and the associate
of rowdies, who was in the habit of
pacing Cincinnati thoroughfares ac
companied Dy a band of roughs on
whom he could depend for both protec
tion and assault
"Big Bill" Taft, stirred to the verge
of frenzy by the attacks upon his fath
er's character, decided to put an end to
the cabals. But instead of having re
course to the processes of the law, he
cast aside his judicial training and
marched into the sanctum of editor
Rose with fire in his eye.
Toft Whips An Editor.
Taft demanded r. retraction of the
slanderous statements printed in Rose's
paper. Rose refused. Hot words
THE BEST PROOF
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Doan's Kidney Pills were used they
The story was told to El Paso resi
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Has proven the cure permanent.
The testimony is home testimony
The proof convincing.
It can be investigated by El Paso
Mrs. E. L. Nichols. 1209 H. Missouri
Ft, El Paso, Texas, says. "I have had
no occasion to use Doan's Kidney Pills
or any other kidney remedy since I was
cured by this remedy some time ner
Ton are at liberty to use my staten ent i
as neretoiore. ror a long time I wa&
troubled with backache and I attribute
it to d.&orderea kidneys. I was rarelv
free from the annoyance but I felt
it more when I was on my feet Now
and then sharp twinges darted thrcugh
me and I was bothered by headaches.
Learning of Doan's Kidney Pills I de
cided to try them and thev proved to
be just what I required his re-nedy
can be procured at Kelly & Pol'ard's
For sale - all dealers Iri- r,0
tents Fosttr-Milhurn C- Buffalo
New York, sole agents for the United
To -.ember the name Do.n's jsd
V J J, ULilCl. I
It is Said bV those Who 1tne-nr 1nlii
Taft at that time that the young man's
ambition looked forward to a career in
the judiciary. His home training, his
years of preparatory education and his
personal tastes, together with his nat
ural endowments, all eminently fitted
him for such a course in life. He was
the possessor of what is known as a
"judicial mind," that rare physical at
tribute that is adept at both analysis
So great were his abilities nn h
bench that when his first term grew to
a. wvbc ..o wls uiumpnanuy elected lor
another period. Already, however, his
ability had attracted outside attention
and he had served but two years of the
five years term for which he was elect
ee wnen president Harrison asked him
to take the difficult post of solicitor
general of the United States.
Mr. Taft accepted this position in
1890. Here he was issociat with
seph Choate, and other giants of tho
aw, and acquitted himself with a bril
liancy that demonstrated clearly to his
contemporaries a faculty involving not
only wide learning and tremendous ap
plication, but the power of clear and
farceful presentation of argument. Dur
ing his term of office he handled the
seal fisheries controversy with Great
Britain and a tariff case in which the
law was attacked on the ground that
speaker Reed had counted a quorum
when the bill passed the house. Both
of these cases he won.
3Ieets With. Roosevelt.
It was during his solicitor general
ship that Taft first became acquainted
with Theodore Roosevelt. The ac
quaintance ripened into a firm friend
ship, only broken during the last four
In 1892 Mr. Taft was sent back to
Ohio as judge of the sixth federal cir
cuit. He spent seven years on the fed
eral bench, his tenure of office being
generally recognized as an apprentice
ship for a later appointment to the su
preme court This was then the acme
of his ambition.
Mr. Taft's administration of his du
ties as federal judge was marked by a
universal brilliancy and fair Handed
ness that won him the respect and ac
claim not only of those in favor of
whom he decided the cases before him.
but of those who failed in their litiga
tion. He was hailed on every side as
a fair minded and upright Judge.
One of his most noted decisions a
decision that even at that early day
showed him to be In accord with the
Sherman antitrust law, was given out
In the Addystone Pipe company litiga
tion. This was the first time the Sher
man antitrust law was made a livinir.
vital force for the curbing and punish
ment of monopoly. Mr. Taft upheld the
law and it was appealed to the su
preme court, where he had the satisfac
tion of having his decision ountert in
full and handed down as part of the
opinions or tne nigh court, which sus
tained him at every point.
Rules the Philippines.
Judge Talt remained on the federal
bench until 1900. when president Mc
Kinley appointed him president of the
United States Philippine commission.
His administration of the " hillpplnes
was truly a heroic task. Americans, in
dividually and collectively, were per
sona non grata with the natives. They
were hated with fanatic fervor. Besides
this, at the time president Taft took
up his administration of Philippine af
fairs, there was much controversy in
the United States as to the future pol!
cy of this country in regard to the ia
lands. Taft win the confidence of the Phil
ippines through kindness and judicial
fairness. He lived with them, ate with
them and drank with them. He gave
them schools, provided for tbeir educa
tion, iougnt ror their rights with the
home government and rejuvenated
trade to such an extent that prosperity
smiled upon the islands for the first
time in centuries.
Is Made Governor.
His early efforts in the Philippines
were early recognized in the United
States, and in July of the year follow
ng his appointment he was made the
first civil governor of the islands.
There has been some criticism of
president Taft's administration in the
Orient but upon the whole it Is recog
nized by even the president's enemies
that his tenure of office was one that
showed executive ability to a rare de
giee So intent, indeed, was he upon
the regeneration of the Philippine Is
lands that upon three different occas
ions he refused an opportunity to re
enter the judiciary In refusing one of
the-e opportunities he turned down an
appointment o the supreme bench nt-
toward which his ambition had turned
Hccomes Secretary of War.
In 1904 ne accepted the portfolio of
war in the cabinet of president Dnn,
velt and continued in that office until
he resigned to engage in his presiden
tial campaign of 1908. " ca,uen
During his Incumbency of the cabin t
office Mr. Taft displayed to even great
er advantage that efficiency and tact
he had shown in his administration of
the Philippines. Perhaps his greatest
achievement as secretary of war was
the masterly manner in which he
wrought order out of chaos In the Pan
ama canal zone. These Panamanians,
despite the Hay-Varilln t,, r
SnitJif.35 ""y11 C0Ivinced that the
2?tiSifUie"ih,ld not squired that
?r,..Lthe lsthmus of Panama sole-
opinion that there were diplomatic rea-
7Cur en!na tne niove. They thought
that the United States sought to strike
at the independency of the Central
American republics through the estab
lishment of a rival state and the grad
ual absorption of the surrounding ter
ritory. t "
.. Regenerates Canal Zone.
nT.sntasonism had to be overcome
??-? ... Iva3'tne man that overcame It.
we visited Panama and exercised there
tnose personal ami moni .,- ...,.
. - ...... ...bait... fJUnGIQ 111.1b
had won him the confidence of the na
tives of the Philippines. The result
was that army engineers, under his
direction, were enabled to proceed with
i t ! ork f making this pesthole
habitable without serious opposition
"m me natives.
Another instance of his ability as an
executive and a diplomate came with
the second insurrection In Cuba. He
journeyed to that island in 1906 and
hardly had he reached its shores when
internal affairs took a change for the
better. In a comparatively short time
peace had been restored among the
warring factions. He remained as pro
visional governor of Cuba throughout
the month of March and April.
In June, 190S, he was nominated for
president by the Republican national
convention at Chicago, and in the fol
lowing November he was elected to the
presiaency Dy a considerable majority.
Up to this time there ha1 been noth
ing in Mr. Taft's career that had elic
ited anything but boundless praise. Ha
had been a faithful and efficient ser
vant of his country at home and
abroad. Throughout the world he had
made many friends for the United
States by his frankness and liberality,
and his country was only too willing
to see him honored with the highest of
fice within its gift. It is no exaggera
tion to say that no president ever
mo'ed into the white house with so
nearly the universal good will of 'the
populace as did Mr. Taft
Falfs Heir to Roosevelt Policies.
He fell heir, however, to a political
situation calculated, by its complex
sides and factional friction, to create
party dissension and party criticism. It
was understood that he was to pursue,
the Roosevelt "policies" whieh, though
popular in some political quarters, wera
equally unpopular in others. He did
not pursue them. He took his own in
itiative, abided by his own counsel, and
stood out flrmlv for the measures and
administrative policies that his own
judgment told him were right.
As president he not only faced the
questions leit over by ex-president
Roosevelt's administration, but he em
barked upon a period of dissension; in
his own party. He was placed In the
difficult position of having to please
both the stand-pat wing of Republican
Ism and the Progressive branch of the
Republican party. If he Pursued one
course he was bound to alienate the
support of one faction of the Reupbll
cans; if he pursued another he was In
the same predicament. His administra
tion, therefore, lent Itself to criticism
no matter which way he turned and
much criticism had been accorded it
It cannot be denied, however, that
Mr. Taft advocated the things he
thought right and pursued his policies
without reference to his political future.
Mr. Taft's most serious party break
What Roosevelt Did
When He Was President
1. Conservation of National Resources:
Extension of forest reserves.
National irrigation act next in Importance to the homestead act.
Steps toward improvement of waterways, and reservation of water powers'
for national benefit.
2. Railroad and Industrial Legislation:
Hepburn rate act.
Employers' liability act. .
Safety appliance act. '
Regulation of the hours of labor of railroad employes.
Establishment of a department of commerce and labor.
Pure food and drugs act, federal meat inspection of packing fecofte.- -r
3. Enforcement of the Law:
Northern Securities case.
Conviction of public land thieves.
Conviction of postoffice grafters.
Many successful suits, civil and criminal, against railroad rebaters, etc.
4. Improvement of the National Defences:
The navy doubled in strength and increased in efficiency.
State militia brought into coordination with the army.
5. Dependencies and Foreign Relations.
Acquisition of the Canal zone and active work on the Panama canal.
Development of civil government in he Philippines.
Development of trade in the Philippines, Porto Rico and Hawaii.
Second intervention in Cuba and reestablishment of Cuban government.
Reorganization of the finances of Santo Domingo.
Establishment of better relations with the republics of South America.
Settlement pf the Alaskan boundary dispute.
The Root-Takahira agreement.
Negotiations of several important arbitration treaties.
Reorganization of the consular service.
6. The Treaty of Portsmouth Between Japan and Russia.
7. Settlement of the Coal Strike of 1902 by the President's Intervention.
Twice President of the "United States, Frontiersman,
Soldier, Traveler, Author, Hunter, Fighter of Trusts
and "Interests," Who May Head the Inde-
his policy has been one of s"afe and
sane progression with neither the
flamboyant aggressiveness that marked
the actions of some of his predecessors,
nbr the extreme conservatlveness that
graced the terms of others. He ha3
advocated that no further corporation
laws be enacted until the present one3
are tested, that the revision of the tar
Iff await the report or nis tarur com
mission: that the army and navy be
reorganized with a view to affecting
greater efficiency and that economy be
practiced In the administration of the
government. He has endorsed the Ald
rlch monetary plan with some form of
government supervision and ultimate
control; he has urged a rural parcels
post; he has urged a cut in the wool
duty and he has always sought to fur
ther the interests of this country
through his administrative acts.
The President's "Workshop.
Mr. Tact's offices In the white house
have been a physical counterpart of his
acts during his administration. Instead
of the war clubs and trophies of the
chase that graced the presidential of
fice during president Roosevelt's re
gime, the walls are lined with books
of reference and the president's work
shop presents the view of a modern, up
to data office with every convenience
at hand" for the administration of the
great affairs of the government
Mr. Taft's home life is as ideal as
one could wish to see. His household
is an excellent example of the best
type of the American family. Mrs.
Taft, conceded to be one of the most
accomplished and brilliant women in
Washington, has proved herself to be
eminently fitted to take up the duties
of the wife to a president. She reads
incessantly and is not only abreast of
the time, but is well versed in the
world of literature. The atmosphere
(Continued from nnn.4i1in .x
---. -.-.. ae.c
nf fha Tft hrtmft- Tchethr In Wnshinir-
came with the signing of the Payne- ton during the heat of the adminlstra-
Aldrich tariff bilL Through this act
he alienated the support of such men
as the late senator Dolliver of Iowa,
senator La Follette, of Wisconsin, sen
ator Cummins, of Iowa, and other
prominent men of the progressive fac
tion of the Republican party.
These men went before the people
and claimed that Mr. Taft had betrayed
the trust of his party through signing
a measure that embodied largely the
protective tariff. Mr. Taft stood to
his guns and upheld his action. He
claimed that revision of the tarif?
downward was not expedient He met
the attacks of the Democratic legisla
ture by vetoing their low tariff bills
and explained his action by stating
that he wanted to hear the official re.
ports of the various boards investigat
ing the measures which they so hastily
Ills Reciprocity Campaign.
Through his reciprocity bill, provid
ing for the free enterchange of certain
commodities between Canada and the
United States, he sought to alleviate
the sufferings of the people.
This measure was enthusiastically
advocated by his friends and was
passed by both houses of congress. It
met its Waterloo when the Canadian
parliament overthrew Laurier and re
pudiated the tentative agreement large
ly on sentimental grounds.
In the advocacy of international
peace he surpassed all previous presi
dents. He assembled the representa
tives of France, Germany and England
and submitted to them a treaty which
would practically obviate war between
the four nations party to the agree
ment This measure had the enthusi
astic approval of such men as Carnegie
and Rockefeller and was heralded as
the greatest step toward the deletion
of war ever taken by the head of a
modern government. The bills passed
the house by a large majority, both
Democrats and Republicans joining
hands in singing their encomiums and
passing them alone- to th smmtp
They were killed in the upper body
largely through adverse sentiments set
afoot by those who claimed that na
tional degeneration would follow the
submission of such international dis
putes as they provided for to a court
The railroad rate bill, passed during
Taft's administration, is regarded by
many as the most effective measure
looking toward the regulation of trans
portation corporations ever enacted by
the United States. This, too, however,
came in for factional criticism.
Takes Stand on Truit Question.
When the supreme court of the Unit
ed States rendered the Standard Oil and
Tobacco trust decisions, embodying the
celebrated phrase in "reasonable re
straint of trade," president Taft stood
back of that adjudication and voiced
himself as heartily in accord with the
supreme court judges.
This stand put him squarely on rec
ord as against corporate mononolies In
restraint of trade, and he has demoli
tion or In Beverly, Mass., in the sum
mer, is one of quiet, gracious hospf-
The Tafts have three children, all of
them displaying the marked abilities
characteristic of Mr. and Mrs. Taft.
Robert Alphonso, the eldest. Is a stu
dent and is eventually to become a
lawyer. Miss Helen Herron Taft Is
studying at Bryn Mawr and Charles
Taft, the youngest of the family. Is
attending school. He will also go to
Yale when he finishes his preparatory
This Is the Opinion of Eoose
yelt Call Will Be Is
Oyster Bay, N. Y.t July 3. "I shall,
of course, continue to stand for the
progressive nomination," said CoL
Roosevelt last night, after he heard of
the nomination of Woodrow Wilson.
The former president stated his be
lief that events in the Democratic as
well as the Republican convention
demonstrated the need of a now party.
This is Col. Roosevelt's statement: "I
have stated before that the third party
movement and my candidacy -would not
be in any way affected by the outcome
at Baltimore. I never go into a fight
on a contingent basis. I shall, of
course, continue to stand for the pro
gressive nomination. I have just been
going over with senator Dixon, the call
which is about to be issued by the pro
visional committee for the progressive
national convention. To my mind what
has gone on in Baltimore for the past
10 days has shown the utterly Irrecon-
cnaDle nature or the elements within
the Democratic party, elements so irre
concilable as to make it hopeless to ex
pect from them any prominent reform
movement along constructive lines. It
has also shown that any nomination
obtained at Baltimore could after all
be obtained only by the support of men
like Mr. Taggart in Indiana, and Mr.
Sullivan, in Illinois, and the success of
the candidate at the polls, without re
gard to his personality, would be con
ditioned not only upon the hearty sup
port of Mr. Taggart and Mr. Sullivan
and their colleagues and representatives
in every other state, from New York to
Colorado, but would also be condi
tioned upon these men succeedintr in
carrying their several state tickets and
askf d unanimous consent to vacate the
roii can and that he be given consent
to make a statement. There was no
objection and mayor Fitzgerald said:
"Mr. Chairman and genteiemen: Mas
sachusetts has voted for the past dozen
or more ballots a majority of Her dele
gates for the governor of our illustrious
commonwealth, Eugene Noble Foss.
wvppiausej. The Massachusetts dele
gation voted 21 ballots for speaker
Clark and then the friends of Gov. Foss
believed that Mr. Clark could not be
nominated and put Gov. Foss in the
"Gov. Foss's own Idea was that he
should not oppose the majority of this
convention and tha nis candidacy
should not be permitted to go on a
longer time than was evident that some
one is the choice of the majority. In
behalf of the Massachusetts delegation
I withdraw the name of Eugene Noble
Foss and will say that Woodrow Wil
son will receive the vote of the dele
gatlon." (Great applause.)
Xcw York Moves Unanimity,
The roll was further vacated and J.
J. Fitzgerald, of New York, was given
unanimous consent to make a state
ment Mr. Fitzgerald said:
"Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the
convention: The desire of every Demo
crat In this convention ;s to leave this
hall a united party. In the hope that
this convention may adjourn without
bitterness, without hard feelings,
without rancor and that we may effect
the success of the candidates of thi3
convention, in order to demonstrate
that no matter how hard we may strive
for the mastery of our honest opinion,
we are willing to acquiesce in what
manifestly appears to be the over
whelming desire of this convention,
(Applause) I move as a member of the
New York delegation, anxious that the
electoral vote of New York should be
in the Democratic column, that the roll
call be dispensed with and that by
acclamation this convention unanimous
ly nominate the gentleman from New
Jersey, governor Woodrow Wilson."
Chairman James announced that the
motion made by Mr. Fitzgerald, of New
York, could only be made by unanimous
consent He recognized senator ReeQ,
of Missouri, who said: "Without the
slightest desire to indicate any feeling
of resentment, I make the objection
because Missouri wants to vote to the
last ballot for old Champ Clark."
The ballot was then taken.
TJXDERWOOD DID NOT KNOW
NAME WAS WITHDRAWN
Washington, D. C. July 3. Represent
ative Underwood did not know of the
withdrawal of his name as candidate
for president before the Democratic
national convention until informed by
the Associated Press. He said:
"Senator Bankhead has been in
charge of my campaign and has made
a splendid fight He has been in en
tire charge of my candidacy and acts
"The loyalty of the senator and his
friends has been a source of gratitude
to me and I thank them for It. We
have succeeded in one thing, at least,
and have impressed the country and
our party that a southern man can be
a candidate for the presidency.
"I will support the nominee of the
convention and will spend my time
working fori the ticket chosen at tha
Mr. Underwood heard later by long
distance telephone of the withdrawal of
"My friends wi6h me to say that the
action of Alabama was without mv
i knowledge or approval and I make that
statement, he said.
"How about the vice presidency." ha
was asked. ,
"I am not a candidate, do not want
it and would not accept It," he
MARSHALIi SAYS AVII.SOX IS
SATISFACTORY TO HI3I
Indianapolis, Ind., July 3. Gov. Thos.
jiarsnau, or Indiana, yesterday af-
in perpetuating themselves in control of
m. WW . . Vi L au, 3.1IU 11R llj-LK tlf-lIIfl- . - - . - J
strated his intention of fighting the tn5rT"2?1?" rtj;.
trusts through filinir suits asrainst thp
Steel trust, the Sugar trust, the Har
vester trust, and a number of minor
Another law that had his approval
and that looked toward the betterment
of conditions in the United States was
the corporation tax bill, which. In a
large measure, eliminates the possibil
ity of corporate secrecy through pro
viding for a certain amount of govern
ment supervision. Besides this the cor
poration tax bill will add to the reve
nue of the United States through Its
tax upon monopoly. President Taft also
established tho United States commerce
court, and strongly advocated the poli
cy of dollar diplomacy that has done so
much to rejuvenate finances of the
small republics in South and Central
the United St-ites. This was the goal ' Throughout Mr Tafts administration
Under these conditions I feel that
the events at Baltimore like the events
at Chicago, prove the absolute need of
a new, nation-wide, non-sectional party
which shall in good faith stand for the
interests of the people as a whole."
While the Democratic convention
was nominating governor Wilsons Col.
Roosevelt and his lieutenants were hard
at work making plans for the new
The call Is virtually ready and will
be issued on Thursday, the Fourth of
Col. Roosevelt would not discuss the
victory of Mr. Wilson.
Dysentery is always serious and of
ten a dangerous disease, but it can be
cured Chamberlain's Colic. Cholera
and Diarrhoea Remedy has cured It
even when malignant and onliipmic Vo?
sala by all dealers.
ternoon telegraphed to Gov. Woodrow
"To the length of my ability and In
fluence I purpose to work for your
"I never asked any delegate to the
Democratic convention to vote for me,"
said the governor, "and I did not expect
the nomination. The nomination of
Gov. Wilson is eminently Satisfactory
HARMON WIRES WILSON A
MESSAGE OF COXGRATUDATION
Columbus, Ohio, July 3. After1 being
Informed that Gov. Woodrow Wilson
had been nominated for the presidency
Gov. Judson Harmon sent the success
ful candidate a telegram congratulating
When asked what he thought oP.the
selection of Gov. Wilson, Gov. Harmon
said: "I do not care to say anything
about It now. You can say I am pleased
with the support accorded me by m;'
If you want the best lumber money
can buy, get ours from
Xander Lumber Co,
New York, N. Y., July 3. There has
been no statesman of modern times
who has been so criticized and praised
as has Theodore Roosevelt He has
been called meddler, dictator, four
flusher and fool, and some critics have
gone sb far as to question his sanity.
His "character" has been dissected by
others equally serious, and their find
ings have proclaimed to the world that
the hero of San Juan hill Is made up
of weird combinations of bombast.
brilliancy, egotism and common sense.
On the other hand vast assemblages
have gone mad with enthusiasm at a
wave of his hand. Politicians, grown
cunning In every political trick known
to the devotees of the game, have ad
mitted reluctantly that he was their
master. He has been prayed for from
the pulpits of every denomination, chil
dren have been named after him, and
he numbers in every quarter of the
United States men who are his ear
nest champions; who believe In him
implicitly, who worship at his shrine.
To them he is the political Moses who
is to lead the people to the promised
These were some of the brickbats
and boquets that have been accorded
Theodore Roosevelt since his olrth in
New Y'ork on October 27. 1858.
Roosevelts of Holland Stock.
The Roosevelts are of Holland stock,
the earliest member of the family, one
Claes Maartenzoon Von Roosevelt, set
tling in New York nearly 300 years
ago. From Claes "Von Roosevelt, the
clan grew and prospered. They were
farmers, ship builders and owners, and
merchants of note.
Mr. Roosevelt's father, himself an
other Theodore, was a retired mer
chant, wealthy and able to bring his
son up in surroundings not often ac
corded future great men. His mother
was Martha Bulloch, a Georgian of
whom it was said that she was sur
passingly fit to shape the early des
tinies of her children.
Theodore a Sickly Child.
The early years of Roosevelt's life
were those of a weak, sickly child. Ho
was undersized and white and at one
time his family traveled with him as
far as Egypt In search of health.
Because of his physical condition his
parents sought to inculcate In him a
love of outdoor life, and they succeed
ed so well that young Theodore, at tha
age 'of 12, set his heart upon being a
naturalist This ambition led him 'to
the fields and woods and regenerated
his physical being to such an 'extent
that when he entered Harvard In 1876
he -was a robust young man.
By reason of his father's wealth ev
ery advantage was accorded Roosevelt
during his college career. He was wel
comed by the most select clubs; moved
In the best society; maintained his
own riding horses, and lived in com
fcrtable, almost luxurious quarters.
Sports, hoifrever. took the precedence
over his studies and he failed to make
an academic mark that could have led
any observer at the time to predict a
great future. He boxed, rowed, ran
and swam with an enthusiasm that was
the last word in "strenuosity." But ha
studied very little and always main
tained a place of obscurity in the
standing of his class. When he grad
uated in 1S80 he stood 2!d on the com
At about this time Mr. Roosevelt
gave voice to a trenchant principle
that has guided his life in later days.
"There is nowhere in the world a
more ignoble character than the mere
moneygetting American, insensible to
every duty, bent only on amassing a
forune and putting his fortune only to
the basest uses."
Takes Father's Place.
With this precept In mind and his
graduation over he set about filling
the place occupied by the elder Roose
velt, who died In 1878, while he .was
at Harvard. He joined the Prison 'Re-
iorm association and became a mem
ber of various philanthropic movements
with which Roosevelt the elder had
In the fall of 1SS0 he married MIsa
Alice Hathaway Lee, a Boston girl
with whom he had become acquainted
during his student days. The couple
spent their honeymoon abroad and re
turend to New York, where Roosevelt
at once plunged into the arduous cam
paign he had mapped out for himself.
Beside his social and philanthropic
studies he became interested in. tha
law, studying in the office of his un
cle, Robert B. Roosevelt, and some time
later taking an active part in ward
politics at the solicitation of some of
This was the first entry of the young
man into the political field. He came
to his ward studies with all te callow
confidence in virtue and truth of one
who has studied little the ways of
petty American politics. He was soon
appraised of the "power behind the
Flichts the "Machine."
A hot debate broke out in Hie 21st
assembly district Republican club,
which then stood in 59th street. New
lork. Roosevelt was one of the speak
ers and was opposed by a "machine"
man. His speech received vociferous
applause and the young man assumed
that victory awaited him on the vote.
At the ballot, however, a nod from the
party boss decided the matter. He was
beaten by a ballot of 95 to 3. It was
Roosevelt's first taste of machine
Here was where the Roosevelt push,
confidence and determination came to
ine iront- He decided that he would
like to go to the state legislature, quite
a natural ambition, and made his de
sires known to the bosses. Both he
and his ambition were greeted with a
hearty laugh. It was a good joke.
The laugh, however, appeared upon
the other side of the boss's countenance
when the result of the primary be
came known. Roosevelt had gone
cmong his silk stocking friends, among
the saloon keepers, among the voters,
and had won. This was during tha
summer of 1SS2.
Win III, First Campaign.
As election day came around the
fight waxed hot In the same district
was William Waldorf Astor. a candi
date for congress on the same ticket
that carried Roosevelt Both men made
strenuous campaigns. The wealthy res
idents of the district caught the infec
tions. Millionaires solicited the votes
of their servants. There were fusions
of all sorts and kinds of people, but
such was the personal popularity of
joung Roosevelt that when the elec
tion counts were taken, it was found
that he had ridden to victory, while
Astor fell short of the goal.
The election over and his cov6ted
seat in the assembly firmly in his pos
session, the bosses sought him out and
sounded him as to his political creed.
Would he observe the rule of the ma
chine? Would he be amenable to or
ders? Mr. Roosevelt would not.
"I do not number party lojalty
among the 10 commandments," said he,
and his trouble with the bosses be
gan. He was 2t when lie took his s.at in
the state legislature at Albani He
was unknown and alont t.ii much
alone. Yet within a short time he was
one of its most notable members.
His first imbroglio of note arose
around the report of a railroad bill by
the railroad committee of which Roose
velt was a member. The orders from
above were to "bottle It up." The rail
roads did not like the measure and the
majority of the machine men on the
railroad committee showed signs of
favoring their Instructions.
But Mr. Roosevelt intervened. He
asked to see the bill and calmly placed
It in his pocket, declaring his intention
of making a minority report on the
measure to the assembly. His action
threatened a personal encounter, but
in the end the machine men agreed to
make a report, with the result that
the bill was bottled up in the assembly
instead of in the committee.
The fame of the young legislator's
daring won him many friends, how
ever, and though the measure was as
effectually killed in open session as it
would have been in committee, tha
fight he made showed plainly his cal
iber. eights Machine Again-
Another instance of his early state
legislative career was the fight he
made up"on the bosses in the matter of
impeaching a corrupt judge. Roose
velt stood alone In the fight. The
judge was a machine man, a man to
be shielded. But Roosevelt arose time
after time and demanded that his Ju
dicial record be investigated.
On the first vote the assembly was
overwhelmingly against the investiga
tion. Roosevelt kept on fighting- At
the end of a week the papers took up
the fight and then- the people. The re
sult was that on the eighth day pub
licity swayed the legislators and they
reversed themselves, registering an ov
erwhelming majority for the investi
gation. Mr. Roosevelt was two years in the
legislature, becoming the leader of his
party and one of te most influential
men of the assembly. He had thor
oughly organized his district and suc
ceeded In electing his delegates to
the national Republican convention of
188-1. He himself was elected a dele
gate at large from the Empire state
and his fellows conferred upon him
the office of chairman.
Advent Into National Politics.
At the convention Mr. Roosevelt s
work. In view of his age, was pne
nomenaL He was 25 years old and
perhaps the youngest member of the
national body. Despite his youth, how
ever, he entered the fight with vigor
and vim, opposing the national com
mittee's choice for temporary chairman
and practically forcing the selection
of a negro delegate for that position.
He lost te great battle of the na
tional meeting, however. Both he and
his fellow delegates had made a stren
uous fight against the nomination of
James G. Blaine for president Their
. grounds seemed to them to be beyond
retiruiu;!!, uui in spue u meir ugnc
Blaine was nominated, both Roosevelt
and his fellows capitulating and cast
ing their votes for the popular choice
rather than follow the action of other
delegates who broke with the Republi
With Blaine's defeat and the election
of Grover Cleveland. Roosevelt sought
a ranch, and retired from politics for
the time being. The ranch was in
Is Forced Into Retirement.
He now entered upon a term of sor
row and disappointment His party
was in eclipse and he -was forced into
political oblivion. In October of 1S84,
his mother passed away, to be fol
lowed two days later by his wife.
Ranching became Roosevelt's busi
ness rather than his pleasure. He
bought a cattle farm and entered UDon
the rugged life of plainsman working
and riding with his men.
There are many stories told of this
period of Roosevelt's career. From a
tenderfoot, a recruit from the effete
east, he speedily won the respect and
admiration of his fellows by his en
thusiasm and feats of daring. He en
gaged in fist fights, chased horse
thieves, punched cattle and lived to the
fullest the rugged life then prevalent
in the west
Roosevelt's Political Recall.
Roosevelt's recall from the west
came in the fall of 1S86. He read in a
New York newspaper, long delayed in
transmission, that he had been chosen.
candidate for the mayoralty of New
York by the Independents. His candi
dacy was seconded by the Republican
The young rancher Immediately
started for the scene of the
political battle. There was small
chance of his election in a constituen
cy so strongly Democratic, but he mad.
a memorable fight and accepted his
defeat with good grace.
Following his defeat he sailed for
Europe, where, shortly after his ar
rival in England he married Miss
Edith Kermit Carow. Roosevelt had
known Miss Carow from his early bos -hood.
She was 25 and he had just
passed his 28th birthday at the time
of the marriage.
On his return from his honeymoon
in 18S8. Mr. Roosevelt took the stump
for Gen. Harrison. And when the
newly elected president was forming
his cabinet he offered his services.
Roosevelt hoped to be appointed as
sistant secretary of state, but Mr.
Blaine, who had been appointed chtef
of that department, remembered t ie
strong fight made against him in th -national
Republican convention of 1SS-I,
and objected to his proposed helpmeet
Harrison offered Roosevelt a place in
the civil service commission in lieu of
the state department job and Roose
The civil service commission was
then a little known institution. His
new dutes, therefore, offered him al
most a virgin field of endeavor and h
performed them so well that several
(Continued on .Last Page.)
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