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El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, October 07, 1912, Editorial and Magazine Page, Image 4

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AN INDEPENDENT DAILY NEWSPAPER
DEDICATED TO THE SERVICE OF THE PEOPLE, THAT NO GOOD CAUSE SHALL
LACK A CHAMPION, AND THAT EVIL SHALL NOT THRIVE UNOPPOSED.
H. D. Slater, Editor-in-Chief and controlling owner has directed The Herald for 14 Years;
G. A. Martin is News Editor.
THIRTY-SECOND YEAR OF PUBLICATION
Superior exclusive features and conplte news report? by Associated Press Leased Wire and
200 Special Correspondents cove ing Arizona. New Mexico, west Texas. Mexico. Wash
ington. D. C, and New York.
Published by Herald News Co., Inc.: H. D. Slater (owner of 55 percent) President; J. C.
Wilmarth (owner o" 20 percent) Manager; the remaining 25 percent 13 owned among
13 stockholders who are as follows: H. I Capell. H. B. Stevens. J. A. Smith. J. J.
Mundy. Waters Davis, H. A. True, McGlennon estate, W. F. Payne. R. C. Canby, G. A.
Martin. Felix Martinez. A. L. Sharpe, and John P. Ramsey.
EI. m PASO HERALD
Editorial and Magazine Page
Monday, October Seventh, 1912.
Party Regeneration
ITH the passing of the Phoenix
Roosevelt party, the state
devoted to the propagation
furtherance of old line party interests. There are many strong newspapers in
Arizona, and not a few which are avowedly Republican party organs, but the
Fhoenix Republican is the only one which has laid claim to being a state organ
for the party. Being published at the capital, in a large and rapidly growing city
of commercial importance, it has been in a position where it might be of much
influence in state politics. Now the Roosevelt party has got possession of it, and
the old line Republican party what there is left of it in Arizona will have to
lcok elsewhere for its newspaper support on statewide scale.
Arizona's Republican party has been drifting steadily into the Bull Moose
column ever since statehood was assured. Many of the foremost 'leaders of the
party, either because they sincerely believed the old party was wrong, or because
they feared to resist the radical tendencies strongly manifest throughout the new
state, partially or wholly abandoned the old line party program when it came
time to fight for control of the state. They lost the state, and it seems now as if
they may have lost their party also.
Reorganisation of parties is already under way in many states of the union.
It is not going to be a rapid process. It may take a decade and it may take a
generation, but it is sure to be brought about in the natural evolution of things.
There are millions of voters regularly supporting Democratic tickets throughout
the 48 states who do not believe in the program of the Democratic party of today,
and wish to see a new alignment so that they may justify themselves in joining
a party that is progressive and constructive, without seeming to desert to their
hereditary enemy. There are millions of Republicans who are wholly out of pa
tience with old party ways and leadership and yet cannot bring themselves to go
over to the Democratic party whose program and methods and record they cannot
accept.
In the old south, the old "Wings have been voting with the Democratic party
since the war, but it has not been because they have been in sympathy with the
Democratic party of today, but rather as a protest against the wrongs of recon
struction days. The Republican party under that name will never amount to any
thing in the old south, not because of its principles and programs, but because of its
same. .There are tens of thousands of strong protective tariff men in the south
who vote with the Democratic party on most things. But in the north, there are
tens of thousands of voters who line up with the Republican party for reasons of
habit and heredity, when as a matter of fact they are clear out of sympathy with
its attitude on public questions.
In the west, the old supporters, and sons of supporters, of both old parties
have come closely into contact in half a century of colonizing from the Atlantic
seaboard, gulf states, and Mississippi valley. Republicans have learned that Demo
crats do not all have hoofs, and Democrats have learned that Republicans do not
all have horns. There has been a strong tendency toward independence and toward
new alignments in the west for more than a generation, and much of the support
of the old line parties in the west is due to immediate choice of men and measures
in each election, rather than to heredity or prejudice or firm belief in any complete
and entire code of party principles.
What is happening in Arizona is going to be repeated in many, states. In
Arizona's case, the Rooseveltian party is further from being a personal following
than in some of the other states. The
rather than a stampede after a man.
There is no chance to revive the old line Republican party in Arizona, or else
where, on the old lines. It has been the strength of the Republican party since the
day it was founded, that it was sensitive to public thought and feeling, and facile
in adapting itself to changing ideas. When a party stops changing it becomes fos
silized; there must be change or there is no life. The strength of any political
party is the faculty of quick choice and right choice. The Democratic party has
made quick choices often, but it has less often chosen rightly than the Republicans
have, and that is why the Republicans have remained in power so long. Now, if
the Democrats were to display the power the Republicans have long displayed, to
follow the popular current and meet the popular demand for constructive states
manship along right lines, the Democrats would succeed to the power which the
Republicans have long wielded. If a third
plication of that wonderful power of ready
TT.ll nrvAaH i-t Ha Anrrin'mh wnttror
Life is change, in political parties as
mean destruction, or it may mean construction. No party can long hold power that
is destructive in its tendency. But no
popular tendency toward growth through constructive change. If the Republican
party, as a national organization, has lost the power to change constructively, it
is doomed. If the Democratic party has learned the lesson of half a century and
is ready to accept the facts of national progres and concede the truth of the rea
sons therefor, it may not only win but hold national power.
If the spirit that dominates Bull Moose sentiment be merely critical and de
strncuve, with no rational and righteous remedies to otter lor admitted wrongs, j tion of Ysleta, and that his wagon was ' son.
it cannot grow strong and it cannot live. But if it "leaps to serve," it may in i overturned. Three hundred head of native cattle
time become a national power. So far, most of the Bull Moose principles are ,.5?! J? J?1? skinned about the i ised.Miroush ?..!? H?a.SL2?f2:
chiefly applicable to state affairs. And
has proved itself the most efficient among the parties in administering national
affairs.
The whole question resolves itself down to the inquiry whether the Republican
party still possesses the power of self-regeneration which it has demonstrated at
various critical periods in the past
o .
As sanitation and prevention of disease are receiving more attention from the
general public today than the cure of disease, so prevention of fire is receiving
more attention than fire extinguishing. .evention is not only cheaper but better
than cure. It is mostly a matter of being careful at all times for the details of
existence, moment by moment.
o
Self Interest and
ipj TREETS which are not ready for paving, or on which there is a difference ot
5
opinion as to what pavement to use,
plan and the wide curb parking, and
and caring for the parking, even though the paving be deferred some years.
Every consideration of self interest of property' owners, house tenants, and
real estate operators calls for the wide curb parking and the narrower paved road
way. The prevailing plan of paving a roadway 42 feet wide is wasteful, useless,
and ugly. It means hot, dusty, barren, dazzling expanses of pavement, while the
wide curb parking costs less, provides a fine place for the children to, play without
going away from home, and largely does away with the wind and dust nuisance.
The people who actually pay the bills for the paving will best serve their
own interests by insisting on the wide curb parking on all streets not carrying car
lines or not to become business, streets or great main thoroughfares. The average
street in El Paso is 70 feet between lot lines. This leaves room for a 30 foot paved
roadway, a 6 foot walk next the lot line, and almost 14 feet of parking between
walk and curb. Planted in Bermuda grass, trees, and shrubs, this makes the
ideal public playground, and a general acceptance of the wide curb parking plan
will transform the city into a place of beauty and comfort and attractiveness the
year round.
The self interest of the property owners who pay the bills all lies in the direc
tion of the wide curb parking and the narrow roadway. The self interest of paving
companies and some automobile speeders may lie the other way, but if the folk
who pay the bills will think a little and then consult their own interests, they will
insist on the 30 foot roadway and the wide curb park. There is really no need
to wait for paving. The parking may be started any time.
UNCLE WALT'S
DENATURED POEM
The Gum
SIT beneath my greenwood tree and watch the girls go by, a-chewing gum with
ecstacy and ardor in each eye; they chew their gum as though they knew that
every bit of cum they chew will take them nearer to the Hue .inn" nnpl.
haunted sky. They chew their gum with frenzied zeal, as poets write their odes;
they chew as though they seem to feel some conscientious goads; the Nells and
Alices and Mauds and other sweet beribboned frauds chew on, and throw their
chewedout wads along the quiet roads. The jaws of gentle little Jill, though
wearied, worn and numb, are clanking like a coffee mill, upon her chunk of gum;
her duty she will never shun, she'll chew until her task is done; all other things
beneath the sun may go to Kingdom Come. The damsels pass my humble cot in
groups of one or two; they seem to have no other thought than just to chew
and chew; they haven't time to talk or sing, they haven't time for anything but
just to make their jawbones swing oh, here's a howdydo! I dare remark" that
chewing gum is not our end and aim; 'tis not the pinnacle or sum of this our
mortal gjmr. the ho nov and then should pai-sp. for thev can fird a nobler
cause than this wjg-wgging with they- laws until those jaws are lame.
(Ariz.) Republican into the hands of the
is without what may be called a state paper
of "stalwart" Republican principles and the
drift out of the old line organization in
party best examples the practical ap
change and right choice, the third party I
I
in. the human body. But change may
party can retain power that resists the
so far, the national Republican party
Street Parking
may adopt the 30 foot paved roadway
go ahead with the work of planting
CheWerS I By Walt Mason
MIDLAND'S Fill GREAT SUGG
POULTRY Ifi AGBIGULTUBAL
Midland. Texas, Oct 7. The Midland
Xar has closed, the most successful in
the history of the event. The city was
beautif- lly uecorated and grea'. crowds
were attracted to the annual celebra
tion and display of the resources of the
section.
The ar ricultural exhibit was truly re
markable. It wbuld push the hardest
and richest black land belts of the east
to make a superior showing. From cot
ton and corn to peanuts and the com
monest forage crops the exhibit com
prised an endless variety of products.
Garden truck and fruits came in as an
attractive portion of this mibiL the
fruit being especially fine and repre
sentative of the west's productiveness.
The poultry show was all that the
fancy of true lovers of perfect poultry
coulu hope for. There were Rhode Is
EL PASO WAS READY
TO PUSH THE FIGHT
Delegates to Irrigation Congress Re
turn Congressman Smith Crit
icises Taft's Mexican Policy.
Irrigation congress delegates re
turned Sunday from Salt Lake City,
where they scored another victory for
El Paso and the Elephant Bntte dam
project The delegation was accom
panied by congressman W. R. Smith,
who led the delegation and was pre
pared to lead the fight on the floor ot
the congress. But no fight developed,
as the Colorado delegation got cold
feet, the returning delegates say, and
Tefused to make any resistance to
water rights of El Paso and the dam.
"The El Paso delegation was It at
the congress," Winchester Cooley said
Monday. "There was no fight but the
delegation was ready for one if the
Colorado crowd had been looking for
anything. The people from all parts
of the country knew El Paso and her
fighting spirit and they were with us
from the start It is a great bit of
advertising that El Paso gets from
these trips, and a delegation should
be sent to each meeting, wherever
it is held."
"Our government has not lived up
to its responsibilities in this Mexican
affair," was the declartion or con
gressman Smith while here enroute to
his home at Colorado, Tex. "If it
had done so, aur citizens along the
border would have been spared many
wrongs, outrages and injuries, and In
my judgment we would be further
from being involved in throuble than
we are now.
"President Taft seemed to be so
determined to demonstrate our friend
ship for Mexico that he even refused
n A-vAm ,1 nvsv nnI. a .(.... . A..
own soil, to say nothing of those in
Mexico.
"What was the, result? The Mexi
can people lost all respect for us. The
course of some of the Insurgents has
been marked with such cruelties and
outrages against Americans In Mexico
as to compel' their flight from the
country, and the Mexican government
has shown an entire want of appreci
ation of our friendship by wholly fail
ing in many instances to protect
Americans against these cruelties and
outrages.
"I do not advocate intervention. I
hope conditions will never become
such as to justify or require interven-
tion. But I do sav that at flip Trr t
outlet our government shou.d have
! 3 .. . . ... -.... .ic.t. i
made it rflain to both the federals
and in silent thnr ,. ,.,..,., ...
Meilco should be Protected and this
. "" wmi.ia uaic u"l illciue fc,UUU
If necessary."
SAYS HIS WAGON WAS
i UPSET BY AUTOMOBILE
While driving his express wagon on
the county road Sunday night about
S oclock four miles east of El Paso,
Favian Quiroz, aged about 65 years,
claimed he was struck by a fast speed
ing automoDiie coming from the direc-
were considerably swollen. He asserted
that his wagon was comnletelv turned
I over and badly demolished by the con
tact xne automobile, he said, stopped
after the collision, and the persons in
the machine returned to see what-dam-age
they had done. A 45 caliber pis
tol, which Quiroz said he had In the
wagon, was found to be missing when
he finally succeeded in getting his
scattered things together.
The number of the automobile which
Quiroz claimed ran Into him was given
to the police as 633. That number was
issued at the county clerk's office to
W. B. Gillespie.
W. B. Gillespie stated Mondav that
he was, the owner of the "automobile I
tnat collided with the wagon. He said
that he was running slow and believed
that the Mexican drove across the road
in front of the machine. Mr. Gillespie
stated that he had only the oil lights
on the car burning, the carbide lights
having gone out For that reason, he
said, he could not see very welL He
said the wagon was turned over as a
result of the collision, but he did not
believe the driver was injured very
much.
TRAIXS COLLIDE OX IIILL;
CREWS ESCAPE BY JUMPING.
Florence, Colo., OcL 7. With a crash
which could be heard for half a mile
Santa Fe freight train No. 363, con
sisting of 23 loaded coal cars, en route
down the steep grade on the Rock
vale branch near this city, collided
with passenger train No. 625 at Clel
land station, half a mile from Florence.
C. H Favoriie, a brakeman on the
freighL a resident or rueblo, was the
only person seriously hurL
IS THROWN FROM WAGON
AND DRAGGED TWO BLOCKS
As the result of the horse which he
was driving attached to a delivery wag
on, belonging to the O. K. Grocery com
pany in East El Paso, becoming fright
ened and running awav on Wyoming
street at 10:30 oclock Monday morning
J. Iu Armstrong, part owner of that
company, sustained severe bruises about
the face and head. Mr. Armstrong was
thrown from the wagon and dragged
for two blocks before the horse was
caught and stopped by F. W. Hudleston.
STRIKING MINERS ARE
MAINTAINING GOOD ORDER
Ely, Nov., Oct- 7. The 3000 striking
miners here are maintaining excellent
order. Several conferences nave been
held since president Moyer of the
miners announced that the questions at
issue would be left for settlement to the
various companies and their employes,
and there would seem to be hope for
an early agreement.
GEN. STEEVER ATTENDING
ARTILLERY TARGET PRACTICE
Gen. E. Z. Steever left for Cox
ranch. New Mexico, to attend the ar
tillery target practice of battery B of
the Third Field artillery, which was
begun there this week. He will be
present at the target range for about
three days and from there will go to
Leon Springs Texas t attend the an- '
I nual cncjn'pr rt o tbr- T'p.t. 1 StaUs
1 troopg stationed at San Antonio. 1
iuwer mxrL ni notn ifirs. nnn nnrn L'napc I u. aim ,cc wit; uuuuniwioui
: BIG
Dl
PLAYS1;
land Reds, White Orpingtons, Plymouth
Rocks, Leghorns, etc, which the ducks,
turkeys, etc.. Indicated the great possi
bilities for variety in poultry produc
tion. The specimens were the same
that have been exhibited in shows at
Fort Worth and Dallas, and -were first
I prize Winers in competition that could
not te made stronger in the south or
west
As Midland is famed for its fine cat
tle, boasting the largest herd of regis
tered Horefords in the world, so It
seems destined for marked distinction
in the worlu of poultry raisers.
What a pageantry the decorated au
tomobile and vehicle parade was! In
deed the circus parade the first of the
week was tame in the extreme in com
rarison. and altogether without the
beauty and loveliness that character
ized the home talent affair.
"MUST BE ANTIS TO
BE GOOD DEMOCRATS"
President of W. C T. U. Declares In
Address Democrats Must Fnvor
Prohibition.
Austin, Tex., Oct 7. Several hun
dred delegates are here attending the
30th annual convention of the Texas
W. a T. TJ.. which is to hold a three
days' session. In an address last night
Mrs. Nancy Curtis, of Waco, state pres
ident of the organization, declared that
no one can be an anti-prohibitionist
and be a Democrat" Continuing she
said: "They may say they are Demo
crats, they may prove they have voted
the Democratic ticket' for 30 or 40
years, yet if they do not favor prohi
bition, they are not Democrats."
RURALES KILLED
BY REBEL BAND
Mexico City, Mex., Oct 7. Word is
received here of the annihilation of a
detachment of rural guards and ill
treatment of a number of women and
children in a fight with Zapatista reb
els near Sultepec.
The survivors of the detachment
three men and a woman, struggled into
Toluca Sunday.
They said a detachment of SO rurales,
with a number of women and children,
stationed on a hill near Sultepec, was
surprised by rebels.
A battle lasting three hours was
fought
It seemed as if the rurales might be
victorious, "when their ammunition gave
cut
The slaughter then began. The men
were killed and atrocities were prac
ticed upon the women and children.
The survivors reported the body of
Maj. Flores, of the rurales, was first
ehopped to pieces.
APACHE FIGHTER DIES
AT NATIONAL CAPITAL
Washington, D. C Oct. 7. Brigadier
General Frank G. Smith. U. S. A., re
tired, died today at his home here,
aged 71.
Gen. Smith served during the civil
war under Gens. Buell, Rosencrans and
Thomas. He participated in the cam
paigns against the Sioux and Chey
ennes in 1S76-7, against the Bannocks,
187S, and against the Apaches in 1881.
During the war with Spain he was
aruiiery inspector or me Department
f thef "S"" Snln command of the
cjpno train ftf 1AA 'riiTi nrfnTi!r! nr
artillery inspector of the department
siege train of 100 guns organized at
ok Tampa, l-ia.. ror possiDie use in
shf niudTtateowingtrihe
a.nn .Taha !... ..
sudden close of the war.
MORE MORMON CATTLE: OREGON
BUYERS HERE AFTER CATTLE I
The Cameron Cattle company will re-
celve about 1000 head of cattle from
Mexico Tuesday. The cattle are Mor
mon stock and come from the Mexican
colonies. They are being loaded a short
distance below Casas Grandes. When
brought to the United States it is prob
able that they will be shipped to Oro-
stockyards for a time, en route from
Kent. Tex., to Oregon to be erased. At
presant there are a number of Oregon '
buyers in Kl Paso and they report a
great scarcity of beef in the state.
UNDER 3IARCELLO CARAVEo
Monterey. Mexico, Oct. 7. Three hun
dred rebels, commanded by Marcello
Caraveo, were completely defeated
Saturday by the federals under Gen.
Aurello iHanquet at Alto de Las
no
peranzas, according to the official re- j
POrL
Gen. Blanquet declares his troops
killed 40 re els and captured eight, men
and 70 horses. Only three federals were
killed though many were wounded? The
general reports that Caraveo and his
men - ave retreated into Chihuahua.
FREIGHT DERAILMENT
DELAYS T. P. TRAINS
A freight derailment on the Texas &
Pacific a few miles west of Big
Springs, Tex., which occurred Sunday
night, tied up the T. P. passenger trains
from the east delaying for several
hours. In the wreck six cars were de
railed, but no one was injured. The
cause of the accident is not known. T.
P. passenger train due in El Paso Mon
day morning, was delayed eight hours
by the wreck.
SHERIFF LOOKS FOR
SHOOTING MEXICANS
Following a report phoned to his of
fice at 8 oclock Saturday night that a
gang of Mexicans riding in a wagon
were trying to shoot up the valley,
sheriff Peyton J. Edwards in his auto
mobile took a hurried trip down the
valley. The sheriff stated that he
made a thorough search of the valley
about seven miles from El Paso where
the reported shooting took place, buc
was unable to locate the offenders.
STRIKE BREAKERS WILL NOT
BE IMPORTED AT BINGHAM
Salt Lake City, Utah, OcL 7. A meet
ing of the mill and smelter men of Gar
field, Utah, was held here at which a
resolution was adopted favoring a
strike should the Utah Copper company
attempt to operate Its mines In Bing
ham, Utah, with nonunion men.
D. C. Jackllng, general manager of
the Utah Copper company said that the
company would not import strike
breakers to Bingham.
ROADMASTER HURLEY DIES
AS RESULT OF INJURIES
Amarillo, Tex., OcL 7. Dave Hurley,
the veteran roadmaster for the Fort
Worth and Denver, died early today
at his home in Amarillo, as a result
of the wreck just south of Amarillo
last Wednesday. George Thompson,
brakeman. injured at the same time,
lingers in a dangerous condition.
VICKSBURG WILL NOT
LEAVE 'WEST COAST AVATERS
Guaymas, Senora, Mex., Oct. 7. It
was reported here that the U. S.
S. VIcksburg has been ordered to leave
these waters immediately, but an offi
cer of the vessel stated that no such
orders hav. been received and that he
thinks ft is the intention of the
' i. i J ; i. t. - .j tmmtnt to allow her
to remain here for some time.
FORESTS WILL SAVE MILLIONS TO THE . NATION
As Water Is Stored in the National Reserves, Expenditures for River and
Harbor Improvements Will Be Decreased Uncle bam Buys Trees.
By FREDERIC J. 3ASKIH.
IW
ASHINGTON, 1). C, Oct. 7.
Although the United States
government this year appro
priated $31,000,000 for river and har
bor improvement, and will fdr a long
time continue to make large annual
appropriations for the same purpose,
it has already inaugurated a policj
which strikes at the very heart of the
problem of permanent development
and maintenance ,of navigable water
ways, and which in time will bring
about a remarkable decrease In the
annual expenditures for dredging and
other methods of temporary waterway
improvement on interior rivers with
the exception of the Mississippi.
This policy is of creating national
forests first by retaining forest
lands already in the possession of the
government; second, by purchasing
forest lands on the watersheds of nav
igable streams and so regulating
these lands as to improve and main
tain the navigability of the streams.
This government long ago recognized
the advisability of retaining forest
lands which It already owned, both as
an aid to navigation and for other
uses. It has now in western and
northwestern states, and in Florida,
160 national forests covering a total
area of 160,591,576 acres. Besides
these, public lands have been reserved
in Porto Rico and Alaska totalling 26,-
814,800 acres.
Pay $55,000 For Forest.
But it was not until barely a month
ago that the government, on Sept. 6,
1912, made its first purchase of forest
land to be converted into a national
forest. Acting under the authority
given him by the Weeks law. passed
in March, 1911, the secretary of agri
culture on that date, with the ap
uroval of the national forest reser
vation commission, signed a check for
$55,000 in payment for 8,113 acres of
land In western North Carolina, known
as the ML Mitchell tract This tract
is to be the beginning of the Appa
lachian national forests.
The Weeks law enacted "That the
consent of the congress1 of the United
States Is hereby given to each of the
several states of the union to enter
into any agreement or compact, not
In conflict with the law of the United
States, with any other Sitate or states
for the purpose of conserving the for
ests and the water supply of the
states entering into such agreement
or compacL" The law appropriated
for 1910 $1,000,000, and for five years
thereafter J2.000.000 annually, for "use
in the examination and acquirement of
lands located on the headwaters of
navigable streams or those which are
being or may be developed for navi
gable purposes."
"Work of Commission.
The law created the national forest
i reservation commission, consisting ot
j the secretary of war, the secretary of
the interior, the secretary of agricul
ture, two members of the senate to be
Appointed by the vice president and
two members of the house of repre
sentatives to be selected by the speak
er. The congressional members are:
Senator Jacob H. GalUnger, of New
Hampshire, chairman; senator John
Walter Smith, of Maryland; represen
tative Willis C. Hawley. of Oregon,
and representative Gordon Lee, of
Georgia. It is the duty of the com
mission to pass upon and fix the price
of lands which are recommended for
purchase by the bureau of forestry,
of the department of agriculture. The
secretary of agriculture is authorized
to sign the checks.
Aside from providing that the ap
propriations be applied to the water
sheds of navigable streams within
states whose legislatures have con
sented to the acquisition of such lands
by the United States, the law does
not restrict purchases by particular
regions. The states which have passed
the necessary legislations and in
which purchases are being considered
are: Maine. New Hampshire. Maryland,
Virginia. .West Virginia, North Caro
lina. Tennessee, South Carolina and
Georgia.
Six Millions Ai citable.
The source of itreatr.p liaving origin
in the Rocky mountains or mountains
nearer to the Pacific coast are already
to a large extent protected by na
tional forests, which this government
has wisely reserved
But the Appala-
chian mountains, which Include the
White mountains, are to a remarkable
extent without such protection. Be
cause of the steepness and altitude of
these mountains and of the scantiness
of forest cover, rivers which origin
ate in theoi stand in a class by them
selves in their need for the protection
authorized by the Weeks laws.
xne national rorest reservation
commission has bggun and plans to
continue an aggressiTO nurchasinc;
campaign for lands in these areas. The
1910 and 1911 appropriations, except
for the $56,000 paid for the North
Carolina land, have been allowed to
lapse. Six million dollars will be
available for purchase of land between
July 1, 1912, and 1915, the Weeks law
having been amended at the session
of congress just closed, so as not to
require that the annual appropriation
be used in the year it is made.
With this and with whatever fur
ther appropriations it may secure
from congress, the commission plans
to purchase wide areas in the White
mountains and in the Appalachians to
form what will be known as the Appa
lachian national forests. As is the
case In the great national forests of
the wesL all the areas purchased to
form this great forest will not be im
iTirdiately contiguous. Of the gross
prea of the national forests of the
wesL approximately 13 percent has
"oren alienated to states and individ
uals. The commission will require,
however, that the areas of the Appa
lachian forest be sufficiently near to
gether and of such size individually as
to permit of their economic and suc
cessful administration for the purpose
recognized.
Options on 2SS,S."2 Acrcn.
Besides the ML Mitchell tract in
North Carolina, the commission has
approved to date 2SS.362 acres on
which it holds options. It has fixed
the price of this land at $1,600,000. The
approved areas lie in North Carolina,
Virginia, Tennessee. Georgia and New
Hampshire. In North Carolina the to
tal area approved is 53.9S5 acres. Thi3
lies in what Is known as the ML
Mitchell and Nantahala districts. The
ML Mitchell district includes parts of
McDowell, Buncombe, Yancey and
Mitchell counties. The Nantahala dis
trict lies in Clay, Macon, Swatn. Gra
ham and Cherokee counties. The area
approved in Tennessee is 59,213 acres
and is wholly in-the Smoky mountain
district, which takes In parts of Mon
roe, BlounL Sevier and Cocke coun
ties. In Virginia the lands approved lie
in three districts: the Massanutten
districL in Shenandoah. Rockingham,
Warren and Page counties; the Natur
al Bridge district, in Rockbridge, Am
herst. Bedford and Botetourt counties,
and the White Top district, in Wash
ington. Smyth, Wythe and Grayson
counties. The three districts make up
SI. 149 acres. In Georgia 31.876 acres
have been approved for purchase.
What is known as the Georgia dis
trict lies In Rabun, Hambersham.
White. Lumpkin. Vnion and Towns
riuntii
Til1 "U'utr i, ii. im in dist'i t m 'iir
1 Hampshire, which consists of 72,252 j
acres, lies in Coos and Grafton coun
1 ties.
Flic Classes of Lands.
Lands of the following classes only
have been considered for purchase by
the commission:
(1) Timbered lands, including both
land and timber, or the land, with
the timber reserved to the owner un
der rules laid down for cutting to be
agreed upon at the time of the sale.
(2) Cutover or culled lands. (3) Brush
or burnt lands, not bearing merchant
able timber in considerable quantities,
but covered with a growth of brush
which may be useful for watershed
protection, and burnt land whether
vovered with young timber growth
or not (4; Abandoned farm lands,
whether remaining cleared or par
tially covered by timber growth
(5) Lands valuable for agriculture
have not been considered and when
such lands occur within areas desig
nated by the commission, they have
not been recommended for purchase
except where they pecurred in such
scattered areas that their exclusion
would, be impracticable. Only cheap
lands have been considered.
The Appalachian national forests will
act as a great storage reservoir for
rain water, which it will feed grad
ually to the rivers protected by it. It i
will be enabled to periorm tnis iunc
tion largely through its humus, which
is the litter of decomposed vegetable
matter and leaves, which will form
the forest floor, once the forest is
managed according to conservation
principles. It is a recognized fact that
from one to two weeks longer is re
quired for the melting of snow which
falls beneath a forest that that wnlch
falls on fields or pasture. This Is but
one example of how the national for
est will regulate the stream flow by
temporarily retaining source water.
The Appalachian forests are composed
largely of hardwoods and the humus
nroduced bv hardwoods has a. much
greater capacity for absorption than
that of pines. At present this humus
has in many places either been de
stroyed by fire or else the excessive
cutting of timber has depleted it by
exposing it to sun and wind.
Will Check Erosion.
As related to navigation, this func
tion of the storage reservoir i3 of high
importance, but another function of
the new national forest of equal. If
not greater value, will be the checking
of erosion of land upon the mountain
slopes. In the southern Appalachians,
as the steeper slopes have been cleared
for farming with the Increase of pop
ulation, it has been found that ero
sion has increased rapidly. Erosion is
the decomposition of uncovered slope
land until it is washed Into streams
by rain flow. It chokes up the stream
channel and finally requires expensive
dredging operations in order that the
navigability of the stream may be
maintained. Erosion will be checked
by the gradual growth of humus which
will be undisturbed in the national
foresL
The forest service has two other
policies which are looked to to bring
the forest into immediate favor with
the people living In the vicinity of its
various areas. These are the encour
agement of the use of the forest lands
for hunting, fishing and other modes
of recreation, and the employment to
the furthest possible extent of natives
of the various localities for the ad
ministration of the forest areas of the
Appalachian national forests.
Tomorrow Arlington National Cem-
etery.
NINE MEN KILLED AS
RESULT OF "JOY RIDE"
Philadelphia, Pa., OcL 7. Nine young
men lost their lives, when an automo
bile in which they were joyriding,
crashed through the railing on the side
of the new 33rd street boulevard, at
Master street, and fell Into a coal yard
75 feet belcw.
The machine, a big touring car.
turned turtle and the occupants were
found crushed under the hood of the
machine.
The dead are: Robert A. Boyd. 27
years old; Gordon H. Miller, 21; Wil
liam L. Lawrence. 25; Edgar M. Shaw,
19: Thomas Kevin-, IS: Daniel J. Wilkes.
25; Jesse Holmes, 23; Ernest Schofield,
27: Robert Gelsel, 22. All were of Phil
adelphia. SAFFORD IS DENIED ELECTION
TO REMOVE THE COUNTY SEAT
Solomonville, Ariz., OcL 7. Judge
W. G. Shute has sustained the action
of the board of supervisors in denying
the people of Safford an election for
the county seat removal. The super
visors denied the Safford petition,
whereupon the people of that city In
stituted mandamus proceedings to
compel the supervisors to issue an
order for the election. Attorney Ben
nett, of Phoenix, represented Solomon
ville and the county supervisors be
fore the court in the mandamus.
Ponderous Personages By GEORGE Fll CH,
JENNY LIND Author Of "At Good Old Siwash"
YESTERDAY was the birthday of
Jennv Lind, who was a famous
singer 60 years ago and is still
remembered something that has seldom
happened to great singers after they
have died and their press agents have
folded up their typewriters.
Jenny Lind was born in Stockholm,
Sweden. October 6, 1820, and began to
sing almost immediately. She was a
beautiful girl, with a voice which made
even loan sharks soft and sentimental
when they heard it, and at30 she was
the most famous singer in Europe.
About' this time IP. T. Barntun, having
tired of elephants temporarily, decided
to educate America in music, and he
imported Jenny Lind at vast expense,
to sing in this country. Mr. Barnum
made a great many flattering remarks
about the voung lady in the newspapers,
on the billboards, on the sidewalk and
street cars and blank walls and church
steeples and tree trunks and delivery
wagons and mountain sides and else
where, and as a result, she was met at
the dock by almost all of New York
City. Her first concert was in Castle
Gnfden. and at its close she could hnvo
been elected mayor. That she wasn't,
has always continued to be one of New
York's greatest misfortunes.
Jenny Lind afterward sang through
the entire country and became a great
favorite, but unfortunately she was too
ignorant of modern methods to utilize
her popularity. She did not demand a
new contract with tripled prices and
overtime for encores, and she did not
refuse to come on the stage at night
until a purple carpet could be spread
through the wings. She did not insist
on special trains and individual hotels,
and she did not have hysterics and re
fuse to stir one step when anything hap
pened to the 19 dogs, four tigers and
two pet snakes which she didn't carry
with her. She did not decline to sing
unless all other singers were removed
m l ! ii imtv .iTiil 'it
1 if mitv .lTiii N.hi mi Tint hn o
!u-r vhotogiapn taken in
11 OOo cos
Ah MsHm
.
Lots o' fellers.git credit for bavin' th'
strength f say no that hafnt got nerve
enough t say yes. Ever notice how a
fat woman runs fer th-scales when th'
grocer goes in th' back room fer gaso
line? Years Ago To-
From The HeraM Of
TMBDate 189S
day
SupL W- R- Martin left today on the
Southern Pacific for Fresno, CaL
General agent Houghton, of the
Santa Fe, came In today from Chicago.
Tonight in the plaza the McGlnty
band will render its usual Friday night
concerL
W. J. Harris left today over the T.
P. for Escota, where he takes Mexi
cans to work on the grading work of
the railroad.
B. M. Banks is acting as night clerk
at the Santa Fe depot in the absence
of Harry Corbln. the regular night
clerk, who is enjoying a layoff.
Registrar Howe Is kept busy reg
istering voters for the coming elec
tion. The total number registered up
to 3 oclock today -was 637 names.
City clerk Catlin today issued to
Zenlova Ramirez a permit to erect a
$350 adobe residence on one half of
lots 4 and 5, of block 76, of Campbell's
addition.
Tom Spivy, of the G. H. car depart
ment, was laying off yesterday. His
wife left on the afternoon T. P. ex
cursion "to Dalles, accompanied by his
sister. Miss Hattie Spivy.
J. W. Saulres. wife and daughter.
were passengers on the northbound
Santa. Fe this morning for Topeka.
Kan. Mr. Squires is engineer for the
Atchison, Topeka & Santa. Fe system.
Mrs. W. R. Martin left today in the
superintendent's car for a few days"
outing down the Devil's river. Ac
companying Mrs. Martin are her chil
dren and Mrs. McCarthy, -wife of agent
McCarthy, and Mrs. Dillon, wife of
collector Dillon.
The people living on Santa. Fe street
think that they are being neglected
by the street sprinkler. They say
that the dust on the street is becom
ing so thick that if a windstorm would
come up it would be impossible for
them to find their homes for a. week
afterward.
Last night the city council met In
regular -weekly session, mayor Ma
goffin in the chair and all aldermen
present except alderman ScotL H. F.
Bloom and others asked that the di
rection of the alley In block 104.
Campbell's addition, be changed so
as to make it run east and wesL The
finance was the next called and chair
man Clifford presented the following
hills: Fassett & Kelly, sewer pipe,
$317.25; weekly payroll, sewer depart
menL $41: pesthouse bills, $38.25;
boarding city prisoners, $19.25; engi
neer's departmenL $13. A petition
was then read from secretary Pew, of
the school board, asking the city to
remit the city's taxes on some prop
erty recently bought by the board.
The amount asked to be remitted 'was
about $5. A. G. Foster addressed the
council and explained the matter and
the petition was granted. Alderman
Clifford said that he didn't see why
the T. P. didn't fix that crossing on
Myrtle street as it had been in
structed to da
tumes, each one more sparse and em
barrassing than the preceding one.
Had she done all this, Jenny Lind
might have become notorious as well as
famous, and might have got 10,000 s
week in vaudeville after she had quar
eled with all the impressarios. Instead,
she merely sang her way through Amer
". giving a good share of the proceeds
to charity and then she committed her
greatest artistic blunder by marrving
"She might have got S10.C00 a week in
vaudeville."
Otto GoklschmMt and living quietlv with
him lor the rest of her life.
As a result of this, Jenny Lind had
no cigarets or chaiaugjie -named after
her, and beyond getting her statue in
Westminster Abbey whan she died, sha
really accomplished very little. This is
a sad commentary on the crudity ot
earlv genius, and should make present
dav voice mongers glad that thev live
in ; cominerd.il ace
(Copyrighted by oeorge Mathcw
Adams.
(toon

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