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THIRTY-SECOND YEAR OF PUBLICATION
Superior exclusive features and conplfte new report bj 5g" L7M
200 Special Correspondents cove ing Arizona. New Mexico, west Texas. Jiexico. vvasn
13 stockholders who are as follows: H. L. Capell. H. B. Steven, A. "" ;- f
Mundy. Waters Davis. H. A True. McGlennon estate. W. F. Payne. R. C. Canby. G. A.
Martin. Felix Martinez. A. L. Sharpe. and John P. Ramsey.
EL PASO HERALD
Editorial and Magazine Page
AN INDEPENDENT DAILY NEWSPAPER
DEDICATED TO THE SERVICE OF THE PEOPLE, THAT NO GOOD CAUSE SHALL
LACK A CHAMPION, AND THAT EVIL SHALL NOT THRIVE UNOPPOSED.
H. D. Slater, Editor-in-Chief and controlling owner has directed The Herald for 14 Years;
G. A. Martin is News Editor. '
Monday, October Fourteenth, 1912.
CREDIT with merchants for goods bought on account is supposed to run to the
end of the current month in which the trade was made, and no longer.
The merchant must pay his help, his rent, his advertising, his freight and
haulage, his printing, his light and water and fuel, his general expenses, currently
every month. And he must remit to the manufacturer or jobber promptly, in 10,
30, 60, or 90 days, for all the goods he carries in stock for sale The merchant's
outlay is inevitable; it can neither be staved off, nor can it be long deferred, with
out injuring or mining the merchant's credit.
Consequently, all'the plans and calculations -f the merchant are figured on a
basis of getting paid for the value of goods sold, within 30 days of the time of sale.
Even so much credit makes it necessary for the merchant to tie up considerable
capital in credit accounts; in other words, the merchant may have to pay for the
goods and pay out in cash all general "overhead" expenses of his business, before
the customer has paid for goods already delivered to him and perhaps already
consumed. Every merchant expects to tie up a part of his capital in this way,
since the habits and convenience of the people demand that a certain amount of
credit be extended. The merchant doing business on credit naturally figures into
the price of Ms goods, the interest on capital thus tied up all the time in credit
Up to the 30 day period, common mercantile practice does not regard an ac
count as overdue.. After 30 days, an account becomes overdue, and every day the
customer forgets or refuses, after the 30 days are up, to pa the merchant what
is due, he adds to his obligation which is piling up. The credi? customer who fails
to pay what is owing, within 30 days, is really using the money of the merchant
without permission and without compensation; rather than lose trade, a merchant
will often lef accounts run for months, or even years; but the public pays the mer
chant back, is increased prices, for sHch loss of income on invested capital as the
merchant may sustain through poor-paying customers.
There will always be a certain proportion of customers in any credit business,
no Blatter how closely watched, who do not pay at all. The experienced merchant
has figured out these losses on a fixed percentage basis, and because he expects
such and such a total loss each year, he figures this expected loss into the selling
price of his goods so as to shift the burden back onto the public Consequently,
the prompt paying public finally pays the bills of the less scrupulous ones who
refuse or fail to pay what they owe.
There is no doubt that to a considerable extent, the steadily increasing outlay
of the average family for ordinary living
. . . .T,
universal credit system. A generation or iw gw, unm -. -.-. - ....
nor so fashionable. Farm folk used it because they had to; money was scarce,
and crops were cashed in only once a year; banks were practically unknown in
rural districts, and the country merchant had to do a sort of banking business in
order to tide the farmers over the off seasons. In cities, cash trading was the
rale among all but the rich or welltodo families. The average family of wage
earner or small salaried man kept the little domestic fund in the house in ready
cash; the children were sent to the corner store with a few cents to buy crackers
or kindling or cheese, and the family marketing was done in person by the mojher
ef the household, who doled out her pennies and nickels over the stalls for fish
and cabbage, butter and soup bone. But today, cash trading in cities is decidedly
the exception; the use of the telephone is universal, market stores have generally
taken the place of the old fashioned markets, everybody expects everything to be
delivered at his door, and nearly everybody carries a charge account at the princi
pal stores, expecting to settle promptly each month nn statement of account.
Without doubt, the new system tends to make both men and women a little
careless about money matters. It is a fact patent to everybody that it is a lot
harder to break a $5 bill and see most of it go over the counter for something
really needed, than it is to "order" something priced at $5 but not absolutely
necessary, and say "Charge it." A good reputation and good credit at the stores
sometimes induce a man to "order" more than be can pay for out of his month's
wages. He always means to pay up promptly, lwt sometimes the luxuries come
first and the necessaries come last.
In view of the fact that the general public finally pays the losses occasioned
to the merchant by slow pay or no pay customers, the general public is obviously
interested in sustaining those movements designed to stop or at least to reduce
such losses. So the various merchants' and credit associations in any city are
logically to be regarded as serving very directly the personal interests of every
reliable customer; and not, as sometimes regarded, as unduly prying into people's
A man or woman who habitually buys no more than he can pay for, and
who habitually pays merchants' accounts promptly when due, will never be an
noyed by the operations of the credit men's associations or the merchants' agencies
having to do with reports on individual credit. It is true, the agencies gradually
build up a very complete "rating book," in which every person in a community
who ever asks for credit is recorded with a certain letter or number indicating
fairly accurately how prompt the individual meets his cuirent bills and how much
credit he is entitled to command. It is true that these reports are at the call of
merchant-members, any time, for their own information and protection. It is true
that there is a general system of interchange of information among cities, so that
a new comer in any town may refer directly to the credit men's association of
the town he has just left, or so that the merchant asked to grant credit may
himself make the necessary inquiries.
But while the reporting system has been made very thorough and useful to
merchant members, it does not hurt anybody, or interfere with anybody, except
those few persons in every community who, either carelessly or intentionally,
receive and use goods which they cannot pay for or never intended to pay for.
The more perfect the reporting credit system becomes, the better protection is as
sured to the great mass of the general public, whose intentions are honest, whose
dealings are punctual, and whose relations with the merchants are fair and square.
Deadly Wooden Cars
TJRNED to death in a wooden pnllman parlor car thus died four persons in
a wreck on the New Haven road
persons were killed in the wreck,
The train took a crossing at high speed against danger signals. The front pullman
took fire instantly and burned to death the passengers pinioned, in the wreckage of
the wooden car. The entire pullman train soon burned, but not until the passen
gers had got out All the cars were badly smashed in the wreck before they
Steel cars or steel frame non-collapsible cars are used to transport coal, ore,
coke, sand, gravel, ties, lumber, machinery, automobiles, and even hogs and horses.
But human beings, on most railroads, are still condemned to ride in wooden cars
that crush and splinter and bum.
Sticking at it has won many a thing
that wasn't worth the effort.
Whatever else you may say of the
telephone girl, she ought to ring true.
The man who has never had any dis
appointments isn't in a position to
appreciate good luck.
It's all right to be an early bird,
provided you are not merely scratch
ing up the worms for the late risers.
The one time when every man is in
clined to put his best foot forward is
when he has a hole in his other shoe.
Kven the fellow who takes time by
the forelock may discover that an
afterthought ig sometimes better than
being too previous.
HUMOR OF THE DAY.
Man (to boy swimming) If the
water's so cold, why don't you cone
out? Boy Oh, I want to get some
other fool to come in. Life.
Intending Passenger Can I go to
Sccllay square without change on this
car Fresh Conductor No, mum; you
need a nickel. Boston Transcript.
"You never hesitate about offering
to explain the tariff and banking and
currency." "Certainly not." replied
Mr. Wlseboy. "You are thoroughly in
formed on those subjects?" "I don't
have to be. I assure my hearers that
I can explain it and they take my
word for it rather than hear the sta
tistics I next present." 'Washington
is partly accounted for by the almost
a: .', i-fcr ommm, '
in Connecticut, October 4. Three other
the engineer, firenian, and mail clerk.
It takes nine tailors to finish a self
There is nothing more convincing
than eloquent silence.
Most of us get what we deserve, but
fail to recognize it?
You can always get something for
nothing in the form of advice.
The first time a girl Is disappointed
in love she begins to map out a career.
After his 50th birthday a man
doesn't have to pay the fiddler so
A man has an awful time when his
wife is away from home and he needs
It is easy for a girl to pretend to
love an old millionaire and fool him
into thinking it is real.
f (Atchison Globe.)
No man should make a practice of
being a good loser at the expense of
In considering revenge, remember
almost every other line of hard work
Labeling it a heart-to-heart talk
doesn't do much toward making cen
sure more agreeable.
In the long run, a good night's sleep
is far more satisfactory than the
bottled form of stimulants.
It is all right to pitv those who
don't agree with you. but don't tell
them about it and start an argument.
IT'S exhausting to be joyous when the straw vote fiends annoy us, when they
pass the hat for ballots in their dippy, dizzy way; it is hard to look seraphic
o'er this idiotic traffic, -when wed like to take a bludgeon or an ax, and slay,
and slay! It is hard to keep on beaming when the girl next door is screaming some
old stale, moth-eaten ballad of the Injun maiden kind; hard it is to be pretending
that the melody heart-rending is a solace to your spirit, a refreshment to your
mind. It is hard to keep on grinning in a fashion glad and winning, when the
tall distinguished stranger you've admitted to your home proves to be a base,
desiniu" agent who begins a-vhining of his starving wife and parents and his
'Historv of Rome ' Ah. the strain on us is frightful when we smile and cry 'De
lightful!'' at the coming of some kindred whose arrival's a surprise; oh. we think
their visit nervy, for the house is topsy-turvy, and the shack's already crowded,
and the larder's short of pies. We are most heroic mortals! Every day man
smiles and chortles when he's full of gall and wormwood and would like to wail a
few; everv day when he'd Ife weeping if he had his way he's keeping up a frnt
serene, undaunted, crying cockadoodledoo!
A Colleen's Reward
(By C. J. Hnmilton.)
UR1XG the beginning of March in
the rebellion year of '98 there
fere many signs in the south and
east of Ireland tmU a crisis in the his
sory of the country 'was approaching
with rapid strides.
From lord Innismore's house a party
went out on a dull March morning to
shoot over Dunrahen mountain. The
ennrt -n-n nnt rrneul. snine were scarce.
! nA ns thr, afternoon draw on the nar-
ty separated, and one young English
militia officer of the name of Harvey
Vevasour found, to his intense disgust,
that he was quite alone. His shouts
brought no answer. His companions
had vanished, as if- by magic.
He did not perceive that the xiound 1
shelel suddenly. As he put one foot I
forward, the earth gave way under him.
rovo i-av tiniliir him :
and down he fell, a distance of about
" stunned and shaken,
minute half uncon
he remained for
unconscious. He was
roused by seeing around him a mass
of ansrry "faces. A tall man in a green
uniform, with a green feather at the
side of his cap, called out. Silence,
boys; I'll soon find out what this
Then, standing over Vevasour anJ
shaking him by the snouldcr. he cried,
"Here, you, sir. what business have
vou here? Are you a spy? I you
are, I'll shoot you dead, by heaven I
will! Speak the truth; who are you,
and why are you carrying a gun?"
Ily gun isn't loaded." said Vevasour.
who f-lt rather inclined to laugh; "I
discharged it an hour ago. I am quite
peaceable, I assure you. I was out
shooting with a party from Innismore
castle and I lozt my way. That's all."
"Will you swear that it's the truth
vou're after telling?"
"I'll swear anything you like." said
"What are you going to do with me
now?' asked Vevasour. "Will you show
roe the way back to Innismore castle
yes or no?-'
"You're 10 Irish miles away from it:
vou can't get back tojiight. We'll give
vou boaid and lodging for nothing.
Here, Pat Brennan and Xed Doig. ti
this gentleman's feet and hands hard
and fast, and carry him over beyond,
you know where, and leave him till
called for. We'll relieve him of his
gun; it's a good one and will be usefal
to us." ,
As- Vevasour was bound and carried
I away, he heard again that strange
sauna oi many ivcu im i
command coming now and then like
pistol shots into the silent air.
They stopped at length before a tall.
h hite house standing by itself. It had
a forbidding aspect
Up the wide, oak staircase evasour
was carried, and finally deposited in a
garret with a sloping ceiling. The two
men laid Vevasour down on the floor,
and with a coarse jibe w-ent away,
locking the door behind them.
Presentlv a faint rustling was heard
outside and the door was opened. This
time it was a girl who appeared in the
doorway, slim and slight, holding a
rushlight in one hand. Phe stared at
Vevasour with hrr blacklashed grey
eyes, and then she spoke:
"What did you come here disturbing
us for?" she asked fiercely.
"It was my misfortune, not my fault,
answered "Vevasour. "I simply lost
mv way on that infernal mountain; I
be'lieve it's bewitched."
"Well, and now?" she said.
"Now things are not much better.
Here I am. bound hand and foot, not
able to move, and as hungry as a hun
ter without a bite to eat."
"If I unfasten you, will you promise
not to try to escape?"
"I promise on the honor of an officer
and a gentleman."
"An officer!" repeated the girl. 'Are
you an officer, then?"
"Tes, a captain in his majesty s Royal
Berkshire regiment of militia.
"Ah! and your name?"
"My name is Harvey Vevasour, very
much at vour service. And your name,
my fair deliverer, what is it, that I
mav remember It in my prayers. He
bent on her, as he spoke, a look of
undisguised admiration. She colored
and answered hastily:
"My name is Maureen Conolly.
"Mauieen! That is something un
common, isn't it?"
"It is the Irish word for little Mary.
"But you are not little." with a
glance at her somewhat tall figure.
"I suppose I was once. And now I
will go and get you something to eat.
No. don't thank me yet. Maybe I can't
find very much, but I'll do my best.
In a few minutes she returned, car
rying a little round table, which she
pushed In before her. On it she placed
half a cold chicken, a piece of cold
bacon and a square of soda bread, with
a roll of butter and a glass of mllic.
"That's ail I can find," she said re
gretfully. "A meal fit for an emperor, an
"That fellow in the green uniform,
who is he?" .,.,. ..
"He is my brother my only brother.
"Conolly. too, I suppose?"
She nodded assent. "Now. if you
have finished I will take these things
"No, no, yorf mustn't. Let me help
"Certainly not. If you move from
this room you will break your wore
of honor as an oincer ana a geimc
man. Remember that."
Three months after the night when
Vevasour was lost on Dunrahen moun
tain. Ireland was in a blaze: the Eng
lish militia was called out. and the
Royal Berkshire, with Vevasour as on"
of the captains, wes sent to a lonely
district where a camp was hastily
formed. One evening when Vevasour
and his company had come back from a
long and unsuccessful hunt after reb
els, he found that a party had just re
turned from another raid, bringing with
them a tall vounc man in tattered green
! uniform, with bedraggled feathers on
one siue ui jii& i. xio uau ..
bound up with a blood stained bandage.
"Here's one of 'em.'' cried the colonel
in great excitement, "a leader, they
say. a captain, no less! The fellow
was hiding in a hayrick and they
dragged him out. Not a bad setup
chap, is he?"
Vevasour looked at him. To his
amazement he saw that the man
before him was no other than the one
he had come across Dunrahen moun
tain, drilling his company.
"Your name is, Conolly, I think?" he
said in a low voice.
"Yes. Beaiichamp Conolly," was the
"To be shot early tomorrow morn
ing." put in the colonel. "Don't forget
that. We'll give you a soldier's death,
though you don't deserve it, eh?"
rl whot arc -. ou going to Co Willi
the fellow new, sir?" asked Vevasour.
WORK I By Walt Mason
The Herald's Daily
"Oh, chuck him into the cellar and
leave him there. He can't get out."
As Vevasour was in his trnt that
c cning he was surprised by an orderly,
"Beg pardon, sir. but there's a person
outside who wants to have a word with
"Who is he and what's his business?
said Vevasour sharply.
"It's not a he." sir. it's a 'she
seems like a. young lady,
go away and wait till
I told her to
1 can't get rid of her nohow, fane , h jurisdiction it probably will have
gave me this bit of paper to show you j t den lhc constitutionality of at
Vevasour glanced carelessly at it. , ' t of that acL There it is
In straggling pencil marks he read the ,.ated tnat any state shall have pro
words: "Maureen Conolly. I must see . I enacted prior to the
y.u- . ... t ...!.. , d.iv fixed for the appointment of the
Tell the young lady I will see her.
iV;,t minitA Maureen stood bo- i
The next minJte Maureen siooa u-
As her pleading eyes met
Vevasour's she cried: "I had to some
to vou I was bound to come, My
v.-.. ,, Mtaw .loor hrnthAr " I
"Tes.'l know," 'said Vevasour taking
i v.nn,i. t tAu t t vrv Knrrv-
l.nt T am afraid nothing can be done.!
MCI IICUU. X xwiwr.. m- - ---.- r- i
rnn't 59v that!" she exclaimed al
most fiercelv. "Something can be done 1
must be done, and you you are the
no In Ha it!" I
"I? Let me assure you. my dear
Miss Conoilv. that However much I
mav wish to help ou and your broth
er. I am quite powerless to do so. The
colonel has given the order; I heard
him mvself. Conolly, is to be shot to
morrow morning at eight oclocic.
"Never"' cried the girl, starting up.
I shall be shot my?elf rather than
Drvourrefu7St0.Urhe'p nrnow"'nCC- I
" WhatrfsU U you'wish meWt do?" j
he asked in a softer tone. "What do j
vou nroiose" !
"I I don't know exactly, but I want
vou to see mm vourseii. uni you s" :
' ... , im fmm tk rai.ni t I
nti nnlpr to sice nim from the colonel?
"I might; I can ask at any rate. And
"Why. then." she exclaimed eagerly,
"some inspiration will come to you
vou will contrive some -way for him to
escape. In a dream last night I saw
ou unfastening my brother's hands
as as I once did to you." she added,
with downcast eyes.
"I know, 1 know. Can I ever forget?
You were my good angel "
"And now it is your turn," cried
Maureen: "be my brother's good angel."
She sank on her knees, but Vevasour
raised her up.
"No, no. Miss Conolly. no no Mau
reen. I may say Maureen, mayn't I?
You must not kneel to me, it is I who
should kneel to you. for I love you.
heart and soul, as I never loved any
woman before. God is my witness that
I do! I will do what I can to save
The colonel happened to be in a good
humor. To Vevasour's request to be
allowed to see the prisoner Conolly that
evening, the colonel answered:
"Why. of course you can. if you want
to see "such a pestilent fellow."
Vevasour did not answer.
He found the prisoner lying on his
earthen floor in a state of utter mis
ery and dejection.
"Something has just occurred to me."
said Vevasour." if we can only carry
"What? "What? Speak low; those
guards up above may be listening."
"We are about the same height and
build. You could overpower me. take
my uniform and leave me yours. I
will remain here till morning. Go up
above. Put your handkerchief to your
face say vour nose is bleeding or
something like that and then be off out
of the country as last as you can, ami
promise never to take up arms against
kinir ?eorsre asrain.
In the grey light of early morning
when the guard came down to the cel
lar, they found a man clothed in the
tatered green uniform who. when he
raised his face showed the well known
features of Harvey Vevasour.
"That rascally rebel got the better
of me last night held me to the ground
and robbed me of my uniform, leaving
me his own rags."
Over their substantial breakfast Col.
Knox chatted pleasantly with Ve
vasour. "I told you. my boy. not to go and
see that villainous rascal, but you
would go. and now wou've pai6 for it."
Some evenings after Conolly's escape
Vevasour saw a girlish figure in a
peasant's dress outside his tent, carry
ing a basket of eggs.
"Will your honor be pleased to buy
them?" she asked. "Onlv sixpence a
dozen and every wan new laid."
Something in the voice made Veva
sour look at her more closely and he
"Maureen! What are you doing here?
vou may be discovered; you are run
ning us" both a terible risk."
"Oh. if it's putting you in danger
I'll be off." she whispered.
"And what reward are you going to
give me. Maureen?"
"What reward is it?" she said soft
ly. "Sure, what reward can I give
vou but this?" and she put her arms
round his neck ami kissed him again
"I shall see you soon again, he said,
as he let her out of the tent.
"Yes." she answered simply. "I know
vou will. Goodbye, and heaven's bless
ing attend you. and my prayers shield
A-ou from harm."
Not a vear afterward Hravey Ve
vasour brought an Irish bride to his
IN GOOD ROADS
Meeting nt Netv Mexico Knlr Ha Done
Much . Put Sentiment In Faior
of the Bond In.inc.
Albuquerque. N. M.. Oct 14. The re
cent good rosds meeting held in Albu
querque during the fair week has done
much to arouse public Interest In the
subiect and to manufacture sentiment
In favor of voting the $500,600 bond
issue authorized by the last legislature
to be apportioned to the various coun
ties of the state In proportion to the
amount paid by each county Into the
state road fund under the present One
mill state road tax levy. This levy
provides the sinking and interest funds
to care for the proposed bonds: there
fore the bond iMsue calls for no increase
in the tax rate. The bond Issue is to
be voted upon at the general election
held November 5.
There has been some effort on the
part of politicians intent upon dis
crediting the legislature and the gov
ernor to bring about the defeat at the
polls of the measure bnt it is generally
believed now they will not succeed
and that the bonds will be voted. The
bonds will bear interest at the rate of
4 per ent and it is belie. ed will sell
J at par,
GETTING ON BALLOT IS DIFFICULT MATTER
Only by Petition Can Bull Moose Party Get on Official Ballots in Some
D. C. Oct. U.
Although we speak of the
electors as constituting the
electoral "colleges" of the .various
states and sometimes improperly refer
to the whole body of electors as the
"electoral college," there is no consti
tutional warrant for either term. But
as far back as 1800 the electors of a
state were declared in
debates to constitute an "electoral col
lege.'l and in 1845 the term came o be
recognized in law. that being the year
when the uniform date of choosing
electors was fixed by congress.
The reader is sufficiently familiar
with the method of nominating elec
tors to justify only a passing mention
here. It is well known that the poli
tical parties choose their electors by
the ordinary party machinery. and
that each state is entitled to as many
e!ectors as it has senators and repre
sentatives in congress. Parties like
the Bull Moose organization, whicii
have not been parties long enough
to have acquired a certain numoer u
votes at a previous election.
on the oinciai oanoi. in iuuat i.i... i
.... , . .& t)l0 '
...... . . : . ..ta2 .
only ny peuuon unless n L-apiuica
machinery of some older party.
State Control Electors.
The bringing of that issue to the
supreme court through the Kansas
.nr;..ltv knpe In mind DASSage
f,om the law of 1SS7 bearing on the
wi..t nri" if the court decides it
electors, for its final determination i
, n, ,.nntroversv concerning
the appointment 01 any w -
. . - ,, la
electors, wnemer oy juuciai "' ""'
j'tions shall be final, provided it be
i toHa tiT dava nrior to the meetlnsT 01
mAfnCMIS Or Drweuurcs, IW uctt-
.... . .
In other words, according to this
statute Kansas has until November
to enact a law creating a nieans of
settling its own controversy, and un
til January 7 to settle it. before any
other action for the ascertainment of
the Qualifications of the electors ap
pointed can be taken.
Th almost unanimous opinion of all
those who have dls-ussed the question
! . . !. .... ABnA in ni.rr';!
' a period f of k ccnturr ind a
?." ' Peri MM ac en"r-
of the stas have absolute control of
the choice of M"to" fcept J
matter of the time of this choice. .One
orator remarked that the legislature
of a state might authorize the choice
by a board of
"i i" iir ;.... -j -
hank Hirootnra. bv a turnmke corpora-
ti6n. or by a synagog, and the choice
thus made would have to stand. New
York's legislature might meet today
and authorize former police Lieut.
Becker to choose the electoral college
of the state and no one could say an
effective word against it.
Formerly Selected Hy Legislature.
While pnblic opinion has forced all
the states to place the choice of their
electors in the hands of the people
themselves it was not always so. As
recently as 1878 Colorado chose its
electors by the legislature, and South
Carolina made its choice that way
continually p to the civil way. "While
all the states today elect their electors
through the general ticket plan, there
is nothing that compels them to do
so except the force of public senti
ment. The whole body of voters in a
state, under this plan, vote lor a iuii
number of electors to which the state j
la entitled. The framers of the con
stitution seemed to have in mind that
electors were to be selected just like
members of the senate and house of
representatives two for the state at
large, and the others, one for each
That was the general practice at
first, but soon the larger states found
that they could carry more1 influence
by electing their electors on the gen
eral ticket plan, and once they adopt
ed that method, the others had to fol
low suit. Michigan's vote in 1S92 -was
an exception. Its legislature was
Democratic, and that body knew that
if the voters should vote for the whole
body of electors the state would go
solidly Republican; but that if the
electors should be chosen by congres
sional districts several Democratic
electors would get in. Therefore the
latter method was resorted to and the
Republicans appealed to the supreme
court against it. only to be told that
the legislature had acted within its
Certifying Namen of Electors.
The act of 1792 provided that the
electors should be chosen not more
than 34 days before the first Wed
nesday in December, and it was not
until 1845 that our present national
election day, the Tuesday after the
first Monday of November, was fixed.
When once this choice is made, and
the result determined, the governor of
the state is directed to make out a
certificate showing the number of
votes cast for each candidate for elec
tor, and who was declared elected,
and this he must send to the secre
tary of state of the United States. At
the same time be must make out three
copies of this, also witnessed by his
seal, and deliver them to the electors
chosen. He notifies them, and they
meet at the appointed time and pro
ceed to ballot.
When they have done so they make
out three certificates of the result, at
taching to each one a copy of the
governor's certificate attesting their
authority to serve as electors. One of
these they deliver to the judge of the
United States district court in whose
district they meet. Another they
send to the president of the United
States senate by registered mail, while
a third goes to him by a messenger
appoined to carry it. No power lies
anywhere to compel the governor to
certify the election of electors, and
governor Hancock of Massachusetts,
when the first election was held under
the act of 1792. declared that he cer
tified the list with a protest against
the right of congress to order him to
Mont Votes On Same Day.
The constitution, thinking to keep
the electoral colleges removed from
politics, provided that no man could
serve as an elector who held a posi
tion of profit or trust under the Unit
ed States government. But who shall
determine the matter? This question
has come up many times. Some have
contended that it depends entirely up
on the good faith of the states, and
that if they do not prevent electors
who hold such positions from voting,
no other power can. Congress has not
definitely passed upon it. although it
has counted votes of men who were
under this inhibition. Others assert
that if this view is taken, it naturally
follows that if the electors choose a
man constitutionally ineligible, there
is nothing left for the house to do
but to count him in as president.
The constitution provides that all
electors shall vote on the same day.
But on one occasion, in 1857, the elec
tors of Wisconsin were prevented
from voting on the day fixed because
of a snow storm. Congress dodged
the issue when it came up, as it after
ward did when Georgia got mixed on
the date and voted on the first Wed
nesday of December, as was provided
under the old law instead of the
second Monday of January. 83 was
later provided. Indiana and Missouri
ha-I electoral cnll-gcs before they
were dulj admittej as states, an!
congress sidestepped the issue of de
termining "when a state is a state.
Protests Against System.
It has been pointed out that an elec
tor could betray his trust without
niunlv vlnlntlnir even the CUStODl Of
reflecting the will of the voters who (
chose him. For instance. It is pro- i
vided that where a member of an J
electoral college resigns, the college
itself has the power of filling the j
raranrv. SuDDOsinsr there should be
an election In which one of the parties .
won by a single vote, ana mai hi ""e
of the states one elector of the suc
cessful party should happen to pull
through when all of the others were
Qf the opposition. It would be easy
for the lone elector to get sick and re
sign. The others could fl his place
with an elector after thir own mind,
and the result would be reversed. Or
suppose there should designedly be
made a mistake in filling out the cer
tificateswho could say definitely
that someone had intentionally turned
Many have been the protests against
the electoral colleges. Some hav
prodbscd as a remedy that a fictitious
body of electors be created, in which
each state would have as many mem-
, . i i .w ....... . nm,s
ners as . nas in me bctmig tuu ww
nt iM .1 ....... ..,.... TAmAAraMf
Then, if the state went Democratic
in the election the entire electoral
vote should automatically be counted
for the- Democratic candidate, while
it It went Republican on a popular
vote it should automatically be count
ed in the Republican column. Under
that plan the people would simply
vote for their candidates for presi
dent and vice president, and a more
canvassing of the returns would de
termine which side should have the
vote of the state. This is in effect
what is done today, except that the
cumbersome machinery of the elec
toral colleges has to be operated to
Rccliter People Will.
While all. but a few of the electors
had resigned their deliberative rights
and permitted themselves to become
merely automatic registers of the peo
ple's will almost with the first vote
cast, there were some who did not
entirely recognise the new order of
thinzs. In the election of 1896 several
Virginia candidates for elector an
nounced that wbile they would give
due weight to the verdict of the peo
ple themselves, and would as matters
then stood, if elected, vote for Pat
rick Henry and John Adams, they still
reserved the' right to vote as seemed
to them most wise when the time
In the second Washington election,
most of the electors felt bound by
their party ties, although the papers
of the time abounded in appeals, after
the electors were chosen, that they
should vote for Adams or Clinton.
Tomorrow-T-When Congress Counts
Years Ago To-
From The Herald Of
This Date 189S
Walter Baird. of Las Cruces, is In
the city to visit his father, J. A. Baird.
Dr. P. Nichol, well known In this city,
came in one th Santa Fe this morn
ing. The McGiuty band will give tba last
concert of the season at the plaza to-
Leon Blum returned this morning on
the southbound Santa Fe from points
north and east.
Chan. Boiler, who has been visiting
the Dallas fair, has returned and said
that he had a -fine time.
Jas. A. Fielder came in on the T. P.
yesterday and left last night for Las
Cruces on legal business.
George Forsythe. the hpecial agent of
the treasury departmer t. was among
the departures on the T. P. today.
There has been no light placed on the
G. H. turntable yet and some of the
boys are getting anxious about tt.
Louis Teel. formerly one of the car
riers for this paper, has secured em
ployment at the mines at Shatter.
Ed Hailes, of the G. H. went to Hous
ton yesterday, where his family has
been visiting for the last three weeks.
The committee on the promotion of
the electric street car line will meet
tomorrow night at the office of judge
Richard F. Burges nas in nis pos-
prr valuable keeosaKe. The
article in question is a ten dollar bill
of the republic of Texas.
Sergt. George Armijo. of Capt. Max
Luna's company of Rough Riders, who
was wounded before Santiago, is in the
citv. having just retnrned from Mexico.
The Campbell Real Kstate company
today deeded to C. Napoles lot 11, of
block US. of Campbell's addition; the
consideration of the transfer was $250.
This morning over in Juarez gov
ernor Ahumada officially opened the
rr-prLLIAM PENX, the stubbornest
and most peaceable man m his
tory, was born Oetober 14th,
164-1. in London. He was the son of
Admiral Fenn and could with his wealth
and social pull have easily become the
James Hazen Hyde of Great Britain.
Instead, he fell in with a traveling
preacher at Oxford and beeame a Quaker
at the age of IS.
At that time Quakers were very little
more popular in England than nervous
dogs are in July in this country.
Quakerism was treated as a disease and
the patients were flogged, imprisoned
and trimmed about the ears until they
recovered or died, which was held to be
just as flesh-able. When the proud ad
miral saw his talented son returning
home with a two acre hat and plain
clothes he wasted no time in mourning,
but kicked him out of the house and ,
called up the pound master by tele
phone. From that time on young William
spent much of his time in jail and be
came a connoisseur on straw beds and
stale bread. He continued being a
Quaker with great zeal and while in
prison always wrote enough to keep him
busy preaching until his next sentence.
In his 2Sth year he wooed and won
Maria Springett and lingered at her side
wih great devotion, leaving her only
occasionally to serve a workhouse sen
tence for advocating peace, friendship,
toleration, honesty and other heresies.
Having married, however, Fenn found
that his prison sentences were interfer
ing with the household work, Maria fre
quently having to rait supper for three
months for him. He, therefore, accepted
a grant of land in America from his
friends in court who loved him particu
larlv at a distance and founded the col
on y" of 1'euiisyhania. He was absolute
Mr. Mooty Spray has returned from
a week's visit f Cincinnati. He say3
his only regret is that he didn't have
relatives enough t' stay longer. Th
woman who calls her baby a "kid" alius
chews gum at th' the-ater.
He laughed with glee, and said, said he,
"I care not: no. not L
The price of beef brings me no grief.
Let it go to the sky:
And batter may go all the way
To sixty cents a, pound.
While folk may beg to get an egg.
Serene I shall be found.
"Were folk like me you'd quickly see
Food prices take a fall.
For trusts so bold, with goods unsold.
Would soon begin to crawl.
They'd make a flop and rates would
Be cheap as cheap could be:
The way to bust each wicked trust
Is to become like me.
"I do not care for food that's rare.
Care not for food that's plain:
Why, Its mere sight npsets m- quite.
To taste it gives me pain.
What do I eat: I simpry heat
Some water in a pan
And melt in It a gluten grit;
I've got dyspepsia, man."
New York Press.
first school building ever built in tli9
republic of Mexico to be used for a
The city clerk today issued Mrs Wm.
Graves a permit for the erection of a
$3500 brick residence. The position nf
the building will be on part of block 'S
of the Anson Mills addition.
Last night the city council mt iti
regular weekly session with ma' "
Magoffin in the chair and all alderman
present Judge Edwards addressed ti3
council in favor of the bond election.
Chief Lockhart told the council in.1
he had been after the T. P. about its
crossing on Myrtle street and they sa'd
that the company would fix it a" son.
as the lumber arrived. A petition was
read from the Payne-Badger Coal com
pany asking that the city grant it a.
right of way Soe putting in a switn- 1 j
the switch of tae Santa Fe track wb i H
runs into the HfSBaso fnel yard. The
Campbell Real Estate company astc"!
for an ordinance closing the alle'vs .-
blocks 276 and 25S. of that addi'"i,
and opening them in an opposite direc
tion. ROCK THROWN INTO
TRAIN INJURES MAN
Big Springs. Tex.. Oct. 14 A ?a'
senger an a west bound T. & P. tri t
was painfully injured by some u--known
party throwing a rock thre-'js-
a window as the train was pass "?
near Loraine. He was" cut abon th
face with broken glass and the sis'
of one eye came near being destroieij
The injured man was given medica'
treatment when the train reached
Commissioners conrt was In srss-o'
last week. The assessment rolls of
the tax assessor were examined ani3
approved. An order was also passed
approving the bond of commissionr
Another four foot rise has occurred
in the T. & P. lake.
Freight engine 324, which blew u?
near Odessa some years ago. wit a th
frightful result that engineer Oliver
and fireman Zinn were both killed,
is ready to leave the shops again.
CHARGED "WITH BFRIJ L Itt'-.
William Howell was taken into u?
todv by the police Saturday night on
a charge of burglary. It was alleged
that he took an overcoat, several lacs
curtains and a number of other art! -1:3
I from a store on Second street
BY GEORGE FI7 CH,
Author Of "At Good Old SiwasV'
I ruler of this colony, bat took great
pleasure in framing a set of laws
allowing the colonists to govern them
selves and worship as they pleased. For
many years he traveled between Penn
sylvania and England using a jail as a
hotel in the latter country and wearing
his hat with indefatigable eloquence
and determination- before kings, poten
tates and judges.
Penn died in 171S leaving his colony
in a highly prosperous condition and his
"To keep its politicians from stealing its
name is still revered a a man who al
ways thought of himself last and stuck
to principle with a blind disregard of
eonsequences. Unfortunately he left
few descendants in Pennsylvania, and
Philadelphia, which he founded, has had
to pot his statue 350 feet above th
streets to keep its politicians from steal
ing its shoes.
Copyrighted by George Mathew