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Feature and Society News Section
Feature and Society News Section
has now been completed and you can drive from the heart of the city to the Country club with the
exception of a few blocks in East El Paso which have not been paved, on as smooth a street as you
EL EA.SO HERALD
could wish for.
BOOST REALTY VALU
Many of our merchants claim that our excellent county roads are as good
as interurban railways to draw people, 'and this being true, the paving of
,Dyer street is certain to enhance values in GRANDVIEW ADDITION
We still have some excellent locations on and near Dyer Street and we believe that a purchase in this neigh
borhood is certain to give good results.
The class of improvements now being made in.Grandvieware above the average. Over $50,000.00 worth
of new homes have just been completed and under construction.
This Picture Represents the Type
Prices are still
what we have.
G. CARPENTER'S LETTER
COST HISHIE OFTHE
ANCIENT GRAVE MOUNDS OP CENTRAL AMER
ICA BEING DUG OVER FOR GOLDEN GODS.
Quantities of Golden Idols. Now Found in Costa Rica and
Panama The Hoards of the Buccaneers ,and Gold
en Madonna of tfocos Lakes in Which Gold Is
Is Buried The Treasures of the Incas The
Pearls of the Western Pacific Some
Remarkable Finds Black Pearls
of the Gulf of California.
(Copyright, 1912, by Fra
PUXTA ARENAS. Costa Rica, Nov.
-2. Costa Rica has one of the fab
led treasure islands of the world.
'Ibis is Cocos, which lies southwest of
here in latitude 5 degrees 32 minutes
and longitude 87 degrees 2 minutes. It
is claimed that on the island is buried
gold to the amount of minions of dol
lars. One of the treasures was carried
there in 1720 at the time of the revolu
tion in Peru when the people of Lima
and Callao chartered the little vessel
Iring at the wharves and escaped to
Cocos with their plate, bullion and other
valuables. They were chased by a Pe
ruvian manofwar, but outran it in the
darkness. They landed 11 boatloads of
treasure at Cocos amounting in value,
it is said, all the way from $50,000,000
to $100,000,000. Among the objects
was a life sized statue of the Holy Vir-
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gtn, made t solid ."old, and there were
smaller golden statues of St. Joseph, St.
Peter anH others. There was a great
quantity of silver plate, and, in all, a
After burying this, the vessel started
back to Peru, but on its way it met one
of the revolutionary menofwar and was
bombarded. As a result every Peruvian
on board was killed, and only two men,
an Englishman and an American, were
saved. The American afterward disap
peared. His name was Thompson. This
left the Englishman, a resident of New
foundland named Keating, as the sole
owner of the secret. Keating went home
and a short time later started out two
expeditions to get the treasure. In one
of these his vessel was wrecked and in
the other he and his crew were arrested
at Panama and sent back home. He left
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104 SAN ANTONIO STREET
his charts, however, to his descendants,
and some years ago they were stiH in
the hands of 8Wry HtTTJjJVf f Young,
Hoards of the Buccaneers.
Another treasure buried on Cocos is
said to Save been left there by William
Dampier, who blockaded Panama in 1684
and took during the jrear following a big
treasure 'ship which was coming north
from Peru, intending to send its silver
and gold on horses across the isthmus
to Porto Bello and thence to Spain.
Dampier, it is alleged, buried six boat
loads of silver on Cocos and made sev
eral trips there after that with smaller
There is a third story which says that
in 1821, during the revolution when the
Central American colonies broke awav
from Spain, the native Spaniards living
here in Costa Rica loaded a schooner
with gold gems and silver plate and sent
it to Cocos to be kept there until the
troubles were over. They gave the treas
ures over into the hands of six men,
each of whom had a chart of the exact
place where the stuff-was buried. One
of these men was killed during the revo
lution and two others died from natural
causes before it was over. When peace
was restored the remaining three started
for Coeos fb bring back the wealth, but
their boat was driven on the rocks of
the island and all on board perished.
That was about 1830.
Hunting the Treasure.
These facts have long been current in
this part of the world and many people
believe that the above-named treasures
still exist there. The government of
Costa Rica has given a number of per
mits to parties to hunt for them, and
not long ago a squad of soldiers and a
scientist in charge of the Costa Rican
government survey went to Cocoa accom
panied by a Colorado man who claimed
that lie could hold a stick in his hand
and that it would turn over and point
down when lie passed over gold. I have
seen men looking for water in the moun
tains of Virginia using the forked limb
of a peaeh or apple tree in much the
same way. Well, the Colorado man's
charm did not work on Cocos. I don't
know what was the matter. He went
there, but claimed be had not a fair trial.
Another set of treasure hunters came
here about five years ago from England.
I was at Panama at the time their boat
was in the harbor. That expedition was
headed by earl "Fitzwilliam. who is said
to have an income of $1,000,000 a year
and to own 100,000 acres of land in
Ireland.' He had bought a yacht named
the Veronique, and had come out with
admiral Palliser, who at one time was
the commander of the British fleet on
the Pacific The admiral had been sent
to Cocos by the government some years
before to investigate the claims of a
man named Hartford, an Englishman,
who had a concession from Costa Rica
to hunt for this treasure. He was on
the Imperieuse at the time, and he and
his sailors did some digging and then
went away. Palliser, however, was con
fident that the treasure existed, and
he got the earl to put up $300,000 to
nurchase this yacht and equipment.
They had a full corps hf men, including
sailors and diggers. They came around
through the Strait of Magellan and made
the island all right. In looking for the
treasure, however, they used dynamite,
and in the explosion which followed the
hcarl and the admiral were so badly in
jured Dy rocks that, to make a long
story short, they went back' to Panama
with nothing but disgust for their pains.
Another party started out to look for
this treasure was headed by a New
foundland woman, the widow of a ship
chandler. She went over to the Pacific
and outfitted a ship from Victoria. Her
captain was a man named Fred Hackett,
and she had with her a transfer from
Hartford of his permission from the
Costa Rican government to search for
treasure on Cocos, the understanding be
ing that the latter was to have half of
the find. When she came to Cocos the
island was inhabited by a castaway
wlu) was dressed like -Robinson Crnee.
He had nothing on but skins of beasts,
and he looked crazy. At first he could
nnt n.lr Knf nftar Juv riol fivn liim
some whisky he told in broken language j
his story.. He said he and .others, "had j
had a concession from Cost Siea to j
search for thfe treasure, but that the
others had become disgusted and left, i
HA could not sav )kw lone he had been I
I on the island. At first he had kept tally
oi me aavs dy noicuing a suck, dui ne
jost tne siick ana ne nni auout given
up in despair when the schooner arrived.
In the meantime other parties, including
some of our canal employes, have been
planning to excavate Cocos, but so far
no one has discovered either the buc
caneer hoard or the Madonna of gold. I
am told that concessions eau .be got
from the Costa Rican government if
anyone cares to search.
Xhe Hidden Gold of Central America.
There is no doubt that there are great
treasures hidden on the island and also
on the continental part of Central Amer
ica. On Mona island $200,000 worth oi
silver is buried. This is not far from
I have myself seen here and at Pan
ama at least a half peck of solid gold
images which have been taken from the
old grave mounds of Central America.
No one knows who buried them and
some suppose that they date back for
hundreds and even thousands of years.
I saw a quart of these images in the
bank of Ehrman & Co., in Panama City,
and I am told that Minor C. Keith has J
a collection of them in. New York which j
is said to be worth several hundred I
thousand dollars. '
I took a photograph of the images in
the Panama bank. They are of all sizes
from that of a man's thumb nail to the
palm of vour hand.' Some of them are
quite heavy and the gold iu them must
be worth several hundred dollars. Some
represent frogs, others birds and some
J are women with a hawk head of Hathor,
. or what looks very much like it. Indeed,
I .i. . -f 4l. : i t?
tian cast and thev remind one of the
treasures found in the pyramids. The
most of these came from the Chiriqui
province in the northern part of the
Panama republic, where it joins Costa
I am told that a large part of the
Keith collection came from Costa Rica,
and that they are now finding some
about the giilt of x.oua Dulce, At San
Jose there is jeweler who has some of
these images for sale, and down here
at Punta Arenas I have been offered
two very fine ones for ?30 and $40
apiece. 1 should judge that this equals
just about half the value of the cold in
them. Dr. Spencer Franklin, who has
hem for sale for 'a native, says that
thev are probably one or two thousand
years old. j
The workmanship on these images is
exquisite. Some of them arc beautifully
carved and some are lifelike in feature.
Among the treasures of Mr. Ehrman are
a great man' breast plates of solid gold.
These are round disks with a nipple in
the center ranging in diameter from two
to six inches. The sold is a thin plate
and is unalloyed. He has also a bracelet I
which would fit around the biceps of a
prize fighter and which is about four
inches wide. This is also of solid gokl.
I understand that many such images
are being discovered and that in all
cases they come from these grave
mounds of the past.
Gold Buried in Lakes.
Some of the lakes of the Central Amer
ican highlands are said to contain treas
ures put there by the Indians at the
i ime they were persecuted by the Span
iards. There is one on the top of a
mountain in Colombia, not far from
Panama, out of which images like those
I have described have been taken. The
Block 58 GRANDVIEW ADDITION. Built by
nuut nf thorn lmve hnn found near the
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Engnsnawii mo row punning w uimia
Hit- llMgjiwr luinr tc ucru v ."t ..
ures, "Tner are making a tnnnel to let
-f? the water.
I heard of similar tieasure hoards in
us same region of South America.
There; is one in Ecuador -said to contain
the treasures of the Incas. and another
in Peru, where it is claimed that some-
liipg like $16,000,000 worth of gold was
irbwn at the titaie Pizarro broke faith
v, 'th 'Atahualpa and caused his death.
You may renwmber part of the story.
Pizarro had conquered Peru and was
king away the silver by the shipload.
That metal was so common that the
Spaniards had their horses shod with it.
It was at this time that Pizarro, the
Spanish general, had captured the Inca
king Atahualpa. who was also a sort of
a prophet and high priest of the people.
le offered to ransom the latter if the
indians would 'fill the room in which the
king was imprisoned with gold.
The room was 17 feet wide, 20 feet
long' and nine feet nigh. The gold
was brought in in great quantities.
It comprised gold plates torn from the
Temple of the Sun of Cuico, gold vases
wonderfully carved, immense gold
basins and hundreds of drinking cups
and dishes of various kinds. There
was so much of it that it took the
Indian goTdsmith a whole mdwth.
working day and night, -to cast it into
ingots, and so much that it filled the
room.- as Pizarro demanded. ' After
Pizarro got the gold he treacherously -
killed the king, and it is said tnat-ne
indians then gathered together such
old as they had left and buried it in
that unknown lake.
There are said to be gold hoards at
the, bottom of Lake Titicaca. buf-that
can never be drained. There are
other gold hoards in the nitrate fields
farther south, and indeeVi no one
knows just where the greatest treas
ures of the past lie. It is very prob
able that there is some on the Isthmus
of Panama, and the excavation of old
Panama City, which is about to begin
when the new road there is completed,
will unearth some which were hidden
at the time that Morgan took and -destroyed
the city. Morgan is said to
have taken away 175 horseloads of
jewels, silver and gold, and he tor
tured the, people to make them confess
where the money was hidden.
The Pearl Island.
If treasures are found at old Pan-
'.- .. . -bt:
focrjorf51fa( loir ffa iom tfaziorzzio
BEWARE OF IMITATIONS AND CHEAP
Walter Baker &
g9SE S V ilk 9
K 7!il i lilEr.f
OF JOHN H. CLARY
ama it Is not improbable that Jewels
e found among them.
Bin Panama and
r gfaoj parte at
Central America have
long been noted for their magnifi
cent pearls. Some of those in tne
ccowtv of Spain came from- here, and
in the cathedrals in Seville and Toledo
are strings and clusters of pearls
which the early explorers took from
the Indiana Columbus met natives
wearing ropes of pearls 'while he was
In this-part, of the world, and he took
one pearl weighing 300 grains home
to the queen. Cortea found black
pearls which came from the waters
of ower California, while Ferdinand
De Soto is said to have robbed one of
the Indian queens of a great string of
There are pearl fisheries just outside
I bTa, " "J.AiM
Punta Arenas and the waiters at the
hotel tables will untie knots in their
hankerchiefs and ask you to buy them
between bites. Some of the pearls are
only seeds, but others are as big as a
pea. In the stores you will see little
bottles of pearls which can be bought
by the lot "for all sorts of prices, but
as a rule the pearls are either very
small or not perfectly round. I was
told that one was taken out a few
years ago which weighed 50 carats
and I have heard of another which a
12 vear ol? hoy .found in an oyster and
sold for $0n0. It was taken to Pan
ama and there sold to a banker -and
in time it reached Pans, where it was
valued at $10 000. Not long ago some
pearls were found near our canal san-
! - atorium
on libosa island, ana one
o them brought $2590.
The most of the pearls, however,
come rom tin- Pearl Isthmus, which
lie on th west side of Panama br.y,
about 30 miles from the islands on
which wj aro now building the fortifi
cations whic'- command the 'western
end of the Panama. There are IS of
these islands, the most of them small.
They are populated chiefly by the
indians. who are engaged in pearl div
ing. The men use diving suits and
thev bring up the pearl oysters in the
shell. . After the shells are1 on board
the boats they are opened and the
oysters are searched over for pearls,
the shells being cleaned and sold to
make buttons, knife handles and other
'such things in which mother of pearl
is employed. I am told that the
shells found are worth about as much
as the pearls and that they are " the
3ure parts of the profit. The divers
may work for days without finding a
ireakf ast Cocoa
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Gives your Boy a start.
PKoae 1 147. J. P. Muffin. Pro.
pearl, but the shells always sell, and
it is on that account that the business
is profitable. In talking- with one of
the dealers here I asked him 'whether
it was true that pearls could be made
by putting a grain of sand inside an
oyster so that it irritated its flesh and
made it secrete the solution -which
composes the pearl. Be replied that
he had no faith in the theory and that
he had found pearls of considerable
size in very young oysters and that
there was no rule as to jnsx where
they were. Sid he:
"A pearl is like an onion. It is made
of a series of coats and you can grind
off the outside one to find those with
in - intact. As x rule the pearl now
foupd are small and not of great
value, although there is no telling
when fine ones may be discovered.,
"A Pearl as Bis as aa Eeg.
I am told that Pearl Islands have
been fished for pearls for almost ?0
years, and that pearl fisliidg is carried
on all along this coast from southern
California to Mexico. The black
pearls of the Gulf of Lower California
have been exported since the days of
Cortez, and more than 1200 ounces
were shipped to Spain in one year.
That -was in 1715. About two years
ago a diver found a pearl as long as
a partridge egg, and it was sent to
Paris, where it sold for J 5000. That
pearl was of a light steel color, but
greenish black at the base.
On the other side of the Isthmus
pearls have been 'found off the coast
of South America. It said that Ven
ezuela is producting something like
$800,000 Worth every year. It is that
region which is called the "Gulf of
Pearls' and it was from there on the
Island- of Margerita that a pearl of
250 carats was taken in 1579. That
pearl -was worth perhaps $50,000. It
became the property of the king of
Spain. Another gem which adorns the
Spanish crown came from the -waters
of Mexico. It weighs 400 grains.