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EL PASO HERALD
Wednesday, Nov. 6, 1912
WILSON ARGHTER DF POLITICAL BOSSES;
MftBSHALLA DEM00BAT1G PROGRESSIVE
President-elect Is a Native of Virginia and Son of a
Preacher; Forefathers Came Prom Ireland; Has a
Record as a Quiet and Effective Political
Fighter; Marshall Refuses a Congressianl
Nomination at the Right Time And Es
capes Defeat; Is Winner of Men.
Princeton. N. J. Nov. . Woodrow
Wilson has Seen schooling himself, per.
haps unconsciously, but nevertheless,
carefully and studiously for 40 years
for the exalted office he will assume
on March 4th next.
There has never been a closer stu
dent of American political affairs since
Hamilton and Madison. There Is noth
ing about congress or the white house
that will take him greatly by surprise.
At the age of 29 he had written a col
lege thesis that showed him to be even
at that time one of the keenest analists
of our national legislature we ever
had. And in later years, he turned his
sharp scrutiny upon the white house
nd wrote the most informing and il
luminating treatises on the powers and
limitations of the president that have
ever been published.
Aside from these special investiga
tions his whole life has been a long
and exhaustive study of the American
people in their social and political re
lations, as, indeed, ware those of his
forebears before him.
His grandfather, James Wilson, was
born in Ireland. He emigrated to Amer
ica about a century ago and settled in
when the war broke out and as Au
gusta, was not the scene of any actual
conflict the boy knew little about what
was going on- He WM shielded
from the stormy passions and violent
prejudices of the war, and grew up into
manhood unwarned by section hate.
In the autumn of 1870, the Wilsons
moved to Columbia, S. C, and three
years later Woodrow, who was then
17, began his scholastic career at
Davidson college. While this institu
tion was rather obscure as compared
witft the great colleges of the north,
the elder Wilson deliberately selected
Davidson as the starting point for his I
son s college work, because of the superior-character
of its faculty. David
son is still flourishing and is now well
equipped, but at the time Woodrow
Wilson attended there, it was rather
primitive. The boys took care of their
own rooms, filled their own lamps, cut
and carried in their own wood and
brought water from the old pump. About
the only record young Wilson seems to
have made at Davidson was the ability
to dress, cross the campus and get into
his seat at chapel quicker than anyone
else. He is said to have accomplished
the feat on several occasions before the
ehapel bell stopped' ringing.
He is remembered at uaviason as a
At This Unprecedented Bargain Carnival
It Is Proving Each New Day a Slaughter Unparalleled
Never Before Have El Pasoans Seen the LikeNever Has Merchan
dise Been Sacrificed Like It Is Being This Week in the Remarkable
Philadelphia. This city was the capitol1; pleasant mannered, engaging young
of the United States at that time. One
of the leading Philadelphia papers of
that period was the "Aurora," Thomas
Jefferson's personal organ. James
Wison, being a printer, obtained em
ployment on the "Aurora." Also being
a hard working, thrifty man, he ac
quired ownership of the paper and be
came intimately acquainted with Jef
ferson. But the rapidly growing west began
to cast its spell over James Wilson and
accordingly, in 1820, or thereabouts, he
moved to Steubenvllle. Ohio where he
founded the "Western Herald." He soon
became a power in the Democratic
party In Ohio and was known through
out the state as "Judge" Wilson.
It was here, amid these surround
ings of hardy vigorous pioneer life,
that Joseph R. Wilson, the father of
the" president elect, was born and grew
Joseph 55- Wilson began his career
as a teacher, first in an academy, then
in Jefferson college, then in Hampden
Sydney college. His natural taste,
however, was for the ministry and
after careful preparation stepped into
the Presbyterian pulpit. About this
time he married Janet Woodrow,
daughter of the Presbyterian minister
at Chillicothe, Ohio. She has been
described as a remarkably pretty and
charming woman. She was horn in
Carlisle, England, but her father came
to America when she was but p, 'w
Was Bora la Staunton, Va.
Woodrow Wilson wag born In Staun
ton. Va., in 1856. It was during
Christmas week and the cheer of that
occasion has never left him. He Will
be the eighth occupant of the white
honse from the Old Dominion.
About two years alter woodrow wu
son'f birth his father accepted a call
to the pastorate of the Presbyterian
church of Augusta, Ga. This was at
that time one of the most influential
congregations in the south and the elder
Wilson remained as its pastor through
out the Civil War. He wa recognised
as one of the leading divines of the
Woodrow was only five years old
man who did not seem to be very much
interested in outofdoor sports, which
at that time consisted of baseball and
"shinny." He did play baseball on the
college nine for a time, but his record
perhaps would not excite the envy of
Ty Cobb. There is a tradition which
has it that on one occasion, the cap
tain of the team,, "becoming vexed over
Wilson's listless manner of play during
a hotly contested game, said:
"Wilson, you would make a dandy
player if you -were not so damned i
In September, 1875, Woodrow 'Wilson
entered the freshman class at Prince- j
ton. There were 183 young men in the i
class. Before the war. Princeton had
been the most favored northern col
lege by the young men of the south,
but after the war their numbers began
to fall off and at the time Woodrow
Wilson enroled but a very few of the
students hailed from the south of the
Mason and Dixon line.
Refuses to Run in a Groove.
The next president Is a man who In
stinctively balks at doing things sim
ply because they have been done be
fore. From his earliest youth he has
Insisted upon his own personality and
individuality. At the time he entered
Princeton that institution was Just one
of the educational mills. Young Wil
son refused to sit snugly In the groove
and be ground out.
He had not been at Princeton long
before he found out Just what he
wanted to do. And that thing was to
be a public man; to devote his life to
the service of his country.
This determination came with a thrill
upon reading in an English magazine
a series of articles on thetBritlsh par
liament, presenting In graphic lan
guage the dramatic scenes in the Brit
ish legislature. He never forgot the
picture. He hunted up everything In
the library he could find bearing upon
this subject and devoured it, and from
that day to this has never wavered in
his determination to play an active
part in the stirring scenes on his coun
trys political stage.
Now the election is over and the winner has been determined, you can turn -with greater interest to the bargains that are ottered INew.
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once. He subordinated his regular col
lege work to the task of fitting him
self for public life.
During the first year at Princeton
Wilson Joined "Whig hall," the literary
debating society founded by James St
Adison. who also wrote its constitu
tion. Its rival society at Princeton was
"Clio halt" and the annual Lynda de
bate, an extemporaneous discussion, the
subject to be given to the debaters a
few minutes before the debate was to
begin, was the biggest thing In a lit
erary way at the college. Young Wil
son soon established himself "as the
leading spirit of the "Whig hall" so
ciety and was easily its best debater.
To win this annual debate. In which
three representatives from each of the
two halls participated, was the thing
that Wilson coveted most. Each hall
selected its debaters by a preliminary
contest within its own society also an
On the evening of the preliminary
J by lot. Wilson drew the "protection" ' Sea Girt after his nomination at BalU-
Thomas Marshall, the New Vice President, Able Man
Indianapolis, IndL, Nov. S. Governor
Thomas Riley Marshall, although a
Hoosier by birth, is a scion of one of
the oldest and most notable families of
the Old Dominion.
The Karshalls, of Virginia, from the
days of the father of the great chief
justice of that 4ame, have taken rank
uith the Washingtons, the Randolphs,
the Lees and other families Whose his
tories are part of the history of the
state and of the country.
Tom Marshall, as he is called in In
diana. Is a worthy complement to
Woodrow Wilson as a running mate.
Like governor Wilson, governor Mar--snall
Is regarded as a good campaign
er, and like the New Jersey governor,
he makes his most effective points in
caustic and witty epigrams.
Bora in Indiana.
Governor Marshall was born in North
Manchester, Wabash county. Ind... 58
years ago. His father was Dr. Daniel
AT. Marshall, a physician in comfort
able circumstances. His mother, who
was Martha E. Patterson before! fier
marriage, was a direct descendant of
Charles Carroll, of Carrollton, a signer
oi the Declaration of Independence.
In 1873 Marshall was graduated from
the Wabash college at Crawfordsville,
Ind, receiving the degree of bachelor
of arts. At college he achieved a re
markable reputation for scholarship,
qualifying easily for Phi Beta. Kappa.
After his graduation Mr. Marshall
moved to Fort Wayne and took np one
study of law in the office of judge Wal
ter Ods. On the day be was 21 years
old. March 14. 1875, he was admitted to
the bar. Meanwhile he bad settled in
Columbia City, Ind., and he has made
his home at Columbia City ever since.
It was not long before Marshall be
gan to display unusual legal ability,
and became a conspicuous figure in the
courts of northern Indiana.
It was while playing the role of a
country lawyer that Marshall wooed
and won Miss Lois L Kimsey, of Ar
gola, Ind., in 1895. He and his wife
have been inseparable companions
though no children have been born to
Refsoes te Ran for Congress.
VMhftl1 -mis), llMA TVkTAjLltlA fi.
. . . court.
mon sense in refusing to run for con- j thafTt
gress on the Democratic ucaet wnen
asked to do so in 1898. He was offered
the nomination, but he said no.
He was urged to run on the ground
that it was his turn to be elected, as
"every other decent Democrat in the I
district" had been, but he stood firm, i
and said that he would not consider
politics as a vocation and would not
accept any nomination for a less office j
lican. He made himself so popular wits
the people of the state, however, that
they gave him. in 1910, a solid Demo
cratic legislature. It was then that he
took a stand against Tom Taggart.
Democratic boss of the state, on the
question of choosing a United States
senator won out. Bis candidate, John
W. Kern, who had been Bryan's run
ning mate in 1908, was endorsed by the
Democratic state convention and later
elected senator from Indiana.
Some of the more important pieces of
legislation enacted during his second
Ratification of the Income tax
amendment through the federal consti
tution a resolution for the poptular
election of United States senators, a
corrupt practice and campaign con
tribution publicity statute, an employ
ers' liability law on liberal lines, abol
ishing workmen's waiver and the fel
low servant rule, a bill authorizing rail
road commissions to fix rates, child la
bor laws, cold storage limitations,
standardization of weights and meas
ures, sanitary inspection of school
houses, industrial inspection for safety
or factories, mines, and railroads, a law
making block signals obligatory on all
steam and electric railways, and a bill
for making uniform the accounting of
all public offices in the state.
Considered Presidential Timber.
As early as June, 1911, there was talk
of naming the Hoosier state governor
for president on the Democratic nation
al ticket. While the movement never
assumed the proportions of a nation
wide boom. It gathered great strength
in Marshall's own state, and 30 Indiana
delegates went to Baltimore instructed
for him as the "first and only choice"
for the presidential nomination.
In the course of many speeches Mar
shall has made clear his attitude on
most of the great questions of the day.
The general progressive views, how
ever, do not carry him to the point of
favoring the recall of judges or ju
dicial decisions. Speaking before the
convention which endorsed him for
president last March, he said:
"Lincoln held it to be the inalien
able right of an unsuccessful litigant
to go aown to me tavern ana cuss the
it is the tneory of Roosevelt
is the right of the unsuccess
ful litigant to go down to the tavern
and overrule the court. Bitterness of
t spirit and indignation at what I deem
to Be judicial injustice seize me. Even
now, I am chafing under what I con
ceive to be the unwarranted interfer
ence of courts with my prerogatives.
But my sober judgment, looking to the
permanent good of the people, compels
me to Insist that the courts must re
main tree ana untrammeled, that we
Governor Marshall's friends call him must first seek relief through the rem-
a "Progressive with tne erases set. at ey we now have and patiently abide
has been Indiana's governor since 1908. the reversal of judicial injustice. Un-
recemng a majority or xa.uuu ai tee til the provisions of our present con-
same time that the Hoosier state went
for Taft by 10,000. His election was all
the more noteworthy inasmuch as in
1904 Indiana had gone Republican by
more than 85,000.
Has the Keen Eye.
The governor is a short, slender, wiry
man with a keen eye. There is little of
th-j politician about him. In fact, from
tie moment that he became the nom
inee for governor, he was the despair
of the party leaders throughout the
state. He did his campaigning in his
own way, journeying from town to
town with Mrs. Marshall and calmly
telling the voters what they might ex
pect if they elected him. He did not
go in for heart to heart conferences
with the leaders in every town, nor did
he resort to tne business of general
handshaking, baby kissing, ciftar dis
tributing and binh like conventions of
the political game
In his first term of office, Marshall
was handicapped by the fact that the
upper house in Indiana -was Eepub-
stitution with reference to officials are
tried, and until graver evils arise than
have thus far arisen, there is but slight
demand for the initiative, referendum
More recently, at For$ Wayne, in a
speech before the Indiana Editorial as
sociation, on "How May Constitutional
Government Kndure?" he stated his po
sition with great clearness on the gen
eral proposition of representative gov
ernment. Defends the Government.
"Notwithstanding our boast, our gov
ernment is not of and by and for the
people," said he. "Yet I make bold to
say that it is still a representative
democracy. Public speakers and the
public press have been giving voice for
20 ears to the fact that this is not a
I-eople'y government with laws to pre
sen e the equality of mankind and to
Kivc prn (Uizlp Ms ppportunit for
honest success. It has been heralded
and shouted that the bosses are in con
trol from ocean to ocean, that their
side from the hat. tore up the slip and
returned to his seat. He said nothing
under heaven could Induce him to ad
vance arguments for a thing in which
he did not believe. Lynde prize, there,
fore, went to someone else.
Wilson did not shine with any sreat
effulgence in his regular college course.
He stood 41st in a class of 1X2. This
was the famous class of '79, one of its
members being Mahlon C Pitney, of
the supreme court bench.
Shows Leadership Ability.
About this time his 'natural aptitude
for leadership began to crop- oat, and
before his first year was ever he was
universally recognized at Princeton, as
the leading freshman and one of the
master spirits of the entire student
body. He later became managing ed
itor of the "Princetonian." and when
he graduated, his classmates looked to
him to rise higher than an) of them.
While at Princeton he wrote a search
ing article on congress, which at once
stamped him as a youth of extraordi
nary caliber. This article was pub-
t lished In the International Review and
in it the young Princetonian pointed
out that most of the legislative busi
ness of the nation was carried on by
small committees behind closed doors.
Tnls was the first time the matter bad
ever been brought home to the people'
machines have taken over the politics of the country and it started them to
and legislation of thisN country; that thinking.
the bosses and their machines have pre- . Wilson made the point that the na-
ventad the people from crystallzing oar j tlon's business ought to be done in the
great ideals into enforceable laws. open, ought to be threshed out in pub-
To be sure, we have had bosses and j lie discussion. Bven "at that early day
we nave naa machine pontics in Amer- : he lifted up his voice against secrecy.
contest the subject was "Protection vs.
Mr. Wilson began his preparation at Free Trade." The debaters took sides
lea. We have had legislation which, by
enactment and construction, has not
tended to promote the ideal of equality
and the opportunity for honest success.
But It is equally true that the people,
if they could only get a chance to. ex
press themselves, would declare in un
mistakable terms their belief that this
system 'was vicious; that tfaey would
smash the machines, banish the bosses,
and select officials who would always
stand four-square with the theories ot
One of the acts that brought gover
nor Marshall into the public eye was
his honoring of California's requisition
for John J. McNamara. At the moment,
there was a. deal of honest doubt of
McNamara's guilt, and it required no
small degree of courage to surrender
the man into the hands of the Califor
nia authorities. Those who criticised
governor Marshall for that act at the
time naa gooa cause to revise their
Judgment later, when the dynamiter
Tackles Sunday Baseball.
Sunday baseball was another ques
tion with which he had to wrestle as
governor. A bill legalizing Sunday
games passed both houses and went to
him for approval. Marshall was op
posed to Sunday ball, but he took the
stand that his personal view in the
matter should not overweigh the view
If a large majority of the legislators
elected to make the laws. He vetoed the
first bill, however, because it did not
repeal a law already on. the books
which made Sunday baseball illegal,
whereupon the legislature redrew the
bill and submitted it again. This time
he signed it, notwithstanding the
strong protest of the strict church ele
ment. Marshall likes long walks and enjoys
reading the literature of the ancients.
In fact reading is his chief diversion.
He has the happy faculty oif throwing
off business cares on leaving the office.
Since taking an active part in the
political affairs of Indiana he hai been
nicknamed "Little Tom" as a term of
affection. He is as much opposed to
physical culture and all needless mus
cular activity as was Mark Twain.
Governor Marshall is a Presbyterian,
a trustee of Wabash college and 3d
The epigramatic utterances of Mar
"Government is a necessity. It - was
never intended to be a luxury."
"If a government takes more from the
taxpayer than Is necessary to effective
ly and economically conduct its busi
ness, then the government is a thief
and we ought to call in the police."
"If you want to bust a trust, get a
lawyer and put some fellow in lftie
"I believe as much as any man in
vested rights, but not in vested
"There is no money in honest poli
tics. He who flies high in office has
fome one holding the string to hiet
"Vox populi is vox del when the
people know what they are talking
"Do not tell me that the humble wage
earner of today is willing to look along
the vista of the years and see nothing
1 ut a pauper s grave at the end, while a
tew men bj legislative enactments are
enabled to dwell in marble halls and
scatter money like drunken dukes at
"That people is not wise which, la not
He declared that was the atmosphere
in which evil and corruption flourished
and that the only remedy was pub
licity. After leaving Princeton, Woodrow
Wilson want to the university of vir-
"As a beauty I am not a star;
"There are others more handsome , by
"But my face I don't mind it;
"For I am behind K
"The people in front get the Jar."
In this love for wholesome nonsense
and his keen, dry humor, Mr. Wilson
is very much like Lincoln. He farther
resembles the great liberator in his
perfect simplicity and his democracy
Young Wilson had taken up the
study of law recognizing It as tha most
l direct avenue leading to a public life.
As soon as he had completed Ms
studies at Charlottsville he went to
Atlanta to launch his legal career. He
joined partnership with a young man
who also had just completed his col
lege work. Reniok was his name, and
the shingle of "Renick & Wilson" was
swung out at 48 Marietta street.
But the young me? were strangers
in Atlanta. Moreover there were many
lawyers there and moreover again
nearly everyone had a relative practfo
In 1883 he entered Johns Hopkins
university and took a course in history
and political economy under the lata
Herbert B. Adams and Dr. Richard T.
His Study ef Government.
In making his investigations, Wilson
desired nothing but the facts. His re
searches were prodigious and ambas
sador James Bryce found him of great
aslstance while he was compiling his
"American Commonwealth." The result
of Wilson's two year work at Balti
more was his book: "Congressional
Government: Study of the Government
It was the first aceount ever given
of the way Americans actually do gov
The book met with instant success.
ginla. that great institution of liberal l It was at once recognized as a final,
learning founded by Thomas Jef fer- I standard work, and is so recognized io
son. He spent a year there studying , dav.
. 1 J .. .. .3 -- -.,- TTA1 TAMlVtlltf MS I1MPM r .1AIOTI
Hopkins, Dr. Wilson was called to a
professorship in the new college for
In the law department under the able
guidance of rr. John B. Minor. '
At the University of Virginia, Wilson
was also a leader. He took a more
active Interest in sports; Joined the
glee club; he organized a debating so
ciety and easily won both the writers
and the orators' Briaes. Here also he
acquired the reputation of being a great
joker. He composed nonsense rhymes
and limericks with wonderful facility.
And to- this- day he Is found of a witty
The "Wilson Limerick.
For example, the whole country will
recall his famous limeriok which he re
cited to the newspaper reporters at
women at Bryn Mawr.
However, he took advantage of his
va-ation that summer to journey to
Savannah, Georgia, and marry Miss Kt
len Louise Azson, the daughter of a
long line of Georgia clergymen. In
the autumn the young professor anl his
bride started housekeeping in one of
the prettiest towns along what is called
the "main line" out of Philadelphia.
The next three years Dr. Wilson re
mained at Bryn Mawr teaching history
and political economy. But he spent
the two years following at Wesleyan
university at Middle town, Connecticut,
teaching the same subjects. During
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this period he alse acted as a lecturer
on the John Hopkins faculty. By this
time his fame as a speaker had spread,
especially throughout educational cir
cles, and he was in constant demand
for addresses on most every known
During his stay at Wesleyan Dr.
Wilson published another book: The
State," in which again was revealed
that amazing grasp on governmental
affairs and- the history of all govern
ments from the very beginning of his
tory. Becomes Member ef Prlaeetea KaenHy.
The trustees of Princeton, finding
the chair. of Jurisprudence and politics
vacant in the autumn of ISM. at
turned to the now distinguished alum
nus of Old Nassau and offered hwu
the chair. Me accepted with pride and
For the next 12 years, 18M to IMS.
Dr. Wilson lectured to his climes at
Princeton, worked on his history. "A.
History of the American People," and
added daily to his reputation at heme
and abroad. Princeton bad never before
seen anything like bis tissues His
lectures were so popular that nearly
every student wanted t take his
course. It was a daily occurrence for
the members of bin da to rise to
(Continued oa page S.)
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