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EL PASO HERALD
Editorial and Magazine Page
Friday, November Eighth, 1912.
mlar Vote and
. .. . . . -f ..;
N1YK Before in tne nisiory or tais lepuum, & x jiraui " - e- - -standing
fer reelection, been so completely ruled off the field as president
Taft has beenl Farther analysing tie results of Tuesday's election, it
appears that the very doubtful states were practically all between Wilson and
Roosevelt, not between. Wilson and Taft, or Roosevelt and Taft. A slight change
of papular vote ia a number of important states would have given them to
Roosevelt, but it -would have taken a heavy turning over, in the majority of states,
to have given them to Taft.
The popular vote will not be known with certainty until all t states have
officially canvassed local returns, which may be several weeks. The popular vote
will, of course, not show anything like the one-sidedness of the electoral vote. In
some states which Wilson won, the three parties ran almost side by side; though
at a general thing Taff s vote was far below the Republican normal. In many.
states, Roosevelt s popular Vote closely approached Wilson's. It may be that the
total popular vote will, show that the three parties were rnnning not so very far
apart It is practically certain that Wilson aid not poE half of Jie popular vote.
As a matter of fact, there seems to be little use for the complicated "electoral
eottege" system, except to make it appear that a candidate has received a majority
when he has sot It would be all right to elect presidents by popular vote directly,
and declare the high man elected, provided he poll at least ene-third of the total
vote cast That may happen In actual practice under the present system, and
there is no need ef keeping up the fiction of independent choice by electors, and
final election by a majority.
It is a. pity the conatitHtiaa could not have been amended before the present
tem expires, so that the new president, assuming office next March, might have
entered upon a six year term, with ne reelection. Such a measure must always be
made to apply to a future administration, not a current one; and it wnuld greatly
increase Wilson's usefulness to the nation if he could keep thoughts of a second
term unite oatef his rsiad, and at the same time be assured of a term long enough to
enable him to work out his plans with fair completeness.
New that a Democratic administration in all its branches is assured, Africa
beckons to the mighty hunter and his ponderous ex-friend.
Query: Since Utah west for Taft, can this be construed as an endorsement of
f&e presideaFs Mexican poScy by the Mormon refugees and their friends. Secre
tary Knocked says yes.
. .What Really Counts
OF VASTLY more importance to this valley than the result of the national
election, te tie approaching settlement of irrigation canal matters with the
government, involving, first, the acceptance of tentative plans for a high
line canal above this city which shall ultimately furnish power in-large quantities;
second, the taking over of the Franklin canal systemby the government as part ef
the complete Rio Grande project; and, third, the improving of the west side canals
for mere economical service.
Until sew, there has been doubt as to whether the government would approve
the high Kae canal project above this city, owing te the increased cost it will in
volve. But the water users have been given to understand that the government
will adept the high line if tie land owners desire it, and agree to meet the addi
tional cert. The trustees have already adopted resolutions asking for the high line,
and pledging the water users in the valley to meet the cost; so that the plan is now
practically certain to be adopted.
From 10100 to 15,000 horse power can be developed between theLeasburg di
versien dam and this city, the service continuing about two-thirds of the year, and
using only the water that is released anyhow for irrigation. Auxiliary power plants
will necessarily be estabUsfced to- fill out the remainder of the year; these auxil
iaries will, in most cases, be erected and owned by the larger users of the power, j
Hu...!, v Wstai- TTssra' arauvjations.' ewninc the newer, will perhaps find it con- !
venient to maintain an auxiliary itself for the service of small users of power.
It is probably set too much to say that the net revenue from sale of power
will ultimately return to the Water Users' associations enough to cover main
tenance charges on the entire project once it is paid for; and it is even probable that
there will be a substantial return to the treasury during the period of payment,
which will materially reduce the total first cost to the water users.
While no thorough investigation has yet been made of power possibilities above
the Le&seurg diversion, it is believed that some 80,000 horse power will ultimately
be available above that point If this be so, the ultimate gross revenue to the two
Water Users' associations from sale of power should be well in excess of 51,000,000
.per year, the net income from which would create a tidy surplus in the associations'
treasuries in excess of all costs of maintenance and operation.
Cheap power would become available in El Paso, and it is not hard to imagine
a substantial increase in manufactures as a result
It is not generally understood that the big dam itself is actually under way at
Elephant Butte, and that the dam is already 5 percent completed this without
taking into consideration the extensive preliminary werk, but the actual masonry
ef the canyon barrier. The coffer dams have been completed above and below the
Hem ske, the great flume has been finished, and the Rio Grande has already been
turned aside from its old bed into the new flume, where it will run until the dam
is ready te store water. One end of the foundation of the big dam has been com
pleted, and excavation has already begun for the big hole down to bed rock, which
is te receive the foundations ef the final structure. Within a year from now, con
struction work on the mass of the dam structure should be well under way, and
in lees than two years the head of the dam should be appearing above the river's
bed; .seen after that, it would be possible to begin storing water.
The Franklin canal system is now to be administered by the government as
part ef the general project This means that extensive improvements will be made,
and the economic efficiency of the whole system will be greatly improved. The
west side farmers are also to receive the early benefits of government planning and
supervision, and a movement is now under way to consolidate the community canals
and administer them as a unit under the government project
The government will be ready to carry out its part of the contract, as to the
whole project, before the land owners are ready te receive and economically use
the available water.
Some fellows never loosen up till
they get tight.
Ton are generally losing time when
you are finding fault
Almost ary child can spell eel with
ease, in fact with two e's.
The man who has money to burn
never collects inturance on it
Many a fellow has put up a bluff
with a girl orly to have her throw him
Some people ar jnt as apt to Jump
at conel-.ioious as ilie kitten playing
with nis own tail.
It may be easier for an 'actor to
forget that he has an audience than
that he hasn't one.
It's a pretty sure sign a man is
growing old when he keeps telling us
he feels as young as he ever did.
(Topeka Journal.) .
Enough is as good as a feast but
most folk prefer the latter.
There may be honor cjning thieves,
but they seldom show it in dealing
with their victims.
About the only attention most peo
ple pay to the rules of a game is to
figure on some way to circumvent
Many politicians undoubtedly wel
come the abuse they get in cerain
newspapers because of the free ad
vertising that goes with it
Six Year Term
..u:. I... nftnt nr ov.-nrAalfPTlt
If you are told you are a. good talker
be careful. You are liable to talk too
If you want to put your sympathy
where it will be appreciated, offer it
to the manager of a losing baseball
When & woman bas to chop the
wood, she doesn't mind the physical
effort so much as she minds the hurt
to her feelings.
If you have sense enough to realize
why flies gather around a restaurant,
vou should be- able to appreciate wby
men run for office.
The arguments of the office seekers
are beginning to sound as a pateqt
medicine advertisement reads near the
close oC a. year's contract
REFLECTIONS OF A BACHELOR.
(New Tork Press.)
Nobody ever gets a bargain when he
Figures come and figures go, but the
tailors that make them go on forever.
A man can think he's an epicure if
he knows what's in corn fritters.
The depressing thing about the brac
ing autumn season is how close it is to
the Christmas gift season.
When a woman's husband loses his
job she knows it's because the head of
the firm was jealous of him.
The comforting thing to a widow
getting married again is all the dis
appointments ahead of her she has
OH, SURGEON, sharpen up your saws, keep arnica in kegs, in readiness for
broken jaws and dislocated legs. Take down your trusty battle ax for
amputation stunts; have remedies for damaged backs and muck disfigured
fronts. Oh, kt us grease the ambulance and make it snug inside, for now, with
pomp and circumstance, the football teams collide.. They .have debrutalized the
game, so certain experts say; it's now so innocent and tame that even girls could
play. Ana yet 1 nonce every year mat grewaonie stwiea urate ui jmjoo " ,
have had an ear or head knocked out of plumb. And some go home with broken j
ribs and some for life are lame, which makes me think that maybe fibs are told (
about the game. Far be it from an old fat poke to kick at any sport that does j
not get tne players goat ana pnt miu uui n owtu mn, iiwumi, m irc b' ""
it hadn't been "refined, has killed and crippled scores of men but all that is be
hind. They have it now so tempered down it's safe as blind man's buff; no player
gets a busted crown there's nothing fierce or rough. And yet, oh Sawbones, just
the same, I'd grease the ambulance, for in tha sweetest, tamest game, some acci-,
dents may chance.
The Grey Gang
By F. St. Mars.
B-0-0-H-P! The deep, thick, rever
berating discharge, almost like
the report of a cannon, thun
dered out across the country, breaking
most unexpectedly the lonely silence of
the windswept watery waste.
The big flock of wild duck, which
had been peacefully resting on the
surface of the rising tide, rose with
a terrified rush of wings, till they were
no more than a handful of specks high
in the windy sky. But they had left
some of their number behind, where,
amidst terrible splashing and outcrias
on the water, some 18 wild duck were
floating dead and wounded. Theiong.
green, cigar shaped fowling punt, with
the heavy smoke slowly floating away
from the long muzzle of the great
swivel gun peering out over the bows,
suddenly sprouted a man, who rose and
paddled up swiftly to secure the "rip
No sooner did the thunder of the
gun burst upon the stillness than there
appeared on the horizon a black speck,
hurrying towards the report a large
bird of some sort.
As the man hastily- paddled about,
chasing the wounded duck, a harsh
grating. "Craar! CraarP' sounded out
of the sky. - It came from the bird
which flapped slowly up on heavy
beating wings, and settled about a
hundred yards off on the low seawall.
One saw then that he was a crow not
a rook, mind, for the two are often
confused. He was, also, different from
an ordinary black crow, although this
crow's character was black enough. He
looked s. very impudent, slovenly old
rogue, too, as he sat humped up on the
sea bank, watching that man chasing
and polishing off crippled duck in the
wind and the rain.
At last the man went, helped on his
way by a parting "Craar! .Craar!" -
Then the old crew flew heavily along
the bank and settled on the shore at a
spot where the drainage from the
marsh behind ran through a kind of
water gate out to the estuary. Here
he inspected a nook among the green
and rotting timber, dabbled in his mur
derous long, strong beak, and, taking
hold of something inside which flut
tered, set himself back on his tall and
hauled. Suddenly the creature within
gave way. and out tumbled a fluttering
wild duck, so suddenly that the croif
fell over on his back and fay kicking.
Away went the duck, wounded, half
flying. half swimming. but the
wounded duck does not live that can
evade a gray crow. The old crow
caught him up, and hammering out his
skull, towed him back. to shore.
There was good reason for the crow's
hurry to get the meal over then. He
had not been there feasting 10 seconds
before one of the big. silvery herring
gulls, who are perpetually beating up
and down the shore like sentinels.
came sailing along, saw him. and
"Craar!1' grated the old crow, and
met the cruel eye of the big pirate of
the sea for a moment unflinchingly.
The heart "of the gull failed aim. and
he swung away.
Furiously then the crow hammered
at his meal, using his beak just like
a pickax, still his quick eye spotted a
line of half a dozen black dots follow
ing each other, and coming towards
him along the .shoreline. Then he
knew it was all up. They were his
own folk, and they were not afraid.
In five minutes more he was the fight
ing center of a fighting heap of ras
cally crows, and in five minutes more
they -were dispersed again, sitting
about cleaning their beaks on stones.
The wild duck had gone. Only, there
was the complete skin of that wild
duck turned very neatly and precisely
inside out Gray crows always turn
the skins of their prey inside eut like
As there were no trees for miles, the
old crow was forced to roost on the
ground. He did not care for that
SKATING RINK OPENS.
That El Paso is ready for skating
was evidenced Thursday night when
the new skating rink was opened by
manager Howard Fogg in the old Air
dome The place was packed in a
few minutes after the doors were
opened and at several times during the
evening, although the management has
provided nearly 300 pairs of skates,
there were not enough skates for those
desiring to use the splendid U00
hardwood floor. Uniformed attendants
ape provided by manager Fogg to min
gle with the skaters on the floor and
preserve order or give assistance to
the skaters. An orchestra renders
music during" the skating and seats
are provided .on what was formerly
the stage of the Airdome, from which
spectators may watch the skaters at
their pleasures. The skating con
tinued until almost midnight and there
had not been much diminuation of the
crowd even at that time. Tonight,
after 9 oclock, will be club night the
Olympic club having arranged for the
use of the rink two evenings a week.
This afternoon, the children of the
city are skating as the guests of the
Byron's Troubadours entertained a
fair sized audience of Elks and their
friends at the El Paso theater' Thurs
day evening, and the entertainment
was firstclass, deserving a bigger
house. The Troubadours are all ex
cellent musicians. They sing and they
play various instruments and give a
most enjoyable evening's entertain
ment There are seven of the more
or less dusky artists and every one
of them Is a good performer in his
own line. The program originally ar
ranged for Friday night was rendered
for the most part Thursday night, and
it appeared to please those who went
to hear it judging from the hearty
applause and the number of times the
performers were forced to respond to
The performance opened with Ray
mond's overture by the orchestra and
was followed by a saxaphone duet,
"O Lovely Night," by Offenbach. The
players gave "The Palms" as an encore
Leon Dtggs then sang, "When the
Heart Is Young," in a clear tenor, -v
Violin solo, "Concerto No. 2." by Wien
iwaski, was given by Frank J. Woods,
and a vocal solo, "Foolish Questions,"
was then rendered by a member of
the company whose "name -was not
given. "I Love You Truly," by Bond,
was rendered by a trio on the violin,
FOOTBALL I By Walt Mason
The Herald's Daily
much. The night shut down in tear
ing wind and rain, and who knew
what terrible foe might discover him
in the darkness?
He sat In the shelter of the sea
bank, such shelter as it was, he and
his gang of fellow robbers, and went
to sleep instantly, as all wild crea
tures have the power to do. The wind
went shrieking overhead; the rain lit
erally ran off his feathers all round.
He stood in a little puddle of his own
drainings, so to speak, and the night
was as black as pitch, but all this did
not awaken him. Flock after flock of
traveling birds, on the way to their
winter homes tin Africa went by,
screaming and calling in weird fashion
overhead; 'but this did not awaken the
crow, either. " '
"Set. when there came, about mid
night the least little sound, a. mere
faint sucking sigh, only audible to the
quickest human ears he was awake in
an instant, .and, as in the case of all
wild creatures, fully awake, too.
It was merely harmless golden plovers
feeding, and it was the noise made by
their beaks probing in the mud that
Then the crow put his head under
his wing again unconcernedly. He was
used to being taken in like that
In the darkest, coldest part of night
just before dawn, however, the crow
was awakened a second time, and this
time the sound that had disturbed his
slumber was almost too slight for even
the quickest human ears to discover
the faintest pattering noise and it
stopped every now and then, as though
toe creature that matte it had paused
to look around and listen.
The crow heard It though, quite
plainly, and was standing erect and
alert in an Instant. Yet I do not fancy
he realized it was so close till he be
came aware of at first a pair of tiny,
burning eyes not 18 yards away, oth
ers further on. and finally a pair with
in a yard, and oh! a pair almost "un
der his breast. He knew, too, what
they were. They were-shore rats the
lean, dreaded, cruel, deadly cannibal
hunters of the tide line.
"The old crow sprang upwards, and
struck hard with his powerful beak.
He knew that it is wise to strike In
stantly at rats, for -they are no cow
ard. And at the same moment the
eyes, dodging his blow he had aimed
fa jfbAy es lurched at him. He felt
a .ytWfiain on his thigh. That was a
3 ;e same moment his beak came
dowh with a thud upon fur. Unfortu
nately the blow landed too far behind
the cruel eyes to do th3 damage 1c
might have done. And unfortunately,
too, for him, it had the effect of mak
ing the rat squeal, and like pigs, rats
are very much inclined to rush to as
sistance of a friend who squeals. It
did certainly alarm the other crows,
but they simply flew off into the n'ght.
which was no advantage to our crow.
Then the other rats closed in. 1
don't know what kind of a bird they
thought they had to deal with pos
sibly not one which was almost as
much of a villian as themselves, and
had equal pluck but they could count
upon weight of numbers to win their
battle, whatever he was.
Then the crow fought for his life,
and knew it. Never in his roving ca
reer of many fights had he battled as
he did then.
While it lasted, his life hung on a
thread. He could only dance about as
if on hot plates, and flap and hammer
at every pair of gleaming eyes he saw.
The rats were gnashing all round him
for a few seconds like a pack of raven
ous wolves. But at last he managed
to gain the neoessary impetus to rise,
and was beating away into the dark
ness, leaving a trail of gray and black
He spent the remainder of thp.c night
on a very wet sandbank, ind -when
morning dawned, set out or.ee more to
hunt along the tide lin
the cello and the pio.no and then four
men playing the "Byrondolin." a sort
ef & double mandolin, brought much
applause and several encores. Two
men picked the strings and two men
fingered them. A saxaphone quar
tet "On the Sewanee River." made a
hit and resulted in the audience call
ing for an encore and setting "Har
rigan." After a short intermission, the full
orchestra rendered a selection from
"Carmen," including the Toreador
song, which was sung by C. C. Thomp
son. While be did not carry his high
notes perfectly, the rendition was
much enjoyed and so warmly ap
plauded that he responded with
"Mother," joined by the entire com
pany in the chorus. The orchestra
then rendered the sextette from "Lu
cia de Laoimermoor," the quartet
sang "Kentucky Babe," the orchestra
played "The American Patrol," a mem
ber of the company sang "Aloha," the
Hawaiian goodbye song, and gave for
an encore, "La Paloma," and the
concert ended with song and chorus.
"My Dream of the U. S. A." The au
dience left the theater feeling that
the evening had been very profitably
Will Hold Mnsa Meeting Monday to Ar
range For Advertlning the lit.
; sources of the County.
CarriZQzo, N. M., Nov. S. A call, con
taining about 100 names of Carrizozo
business men and citizens resident in
all sections of Lincoln county, has been
issued for a public meeting to be held
Monday evening for the Durpose of dis
cussing plans looking to a thorough
campaign ot puDiicity ot tne resources
of this county. Among other things
to be considered are plans for a local
experiment station, to be irrigated from
snaiiow wens. j. very large numoer
of shallow wells, ranging from 18 to 50
feet, have been obtained within a -a-dius
of a few miles from the town with
in the last few years, and although no
test has ever been made as to the
amount of water available for irrigation
purposes from these wells, there is a
general belief that by going somewhat
deeper other strata of Water will be
found that will assure an abundance for
well irrigation, and the proposition is
to establish a demonstration tract that
will show the newcomer exactly what
can be done.
It is expected the agricultural de
partment of the El Paso & Southwest
ern railroad and the state agricultural
college authorities will lend assistance
to the plans.
HEBREW WOMEN SAVE MANY GIRLS FROM LURES
Council of Jewish Women Conducts Extensive Immigration Aid Work, Em
ployment Bureaus, Social Settlements and Religious Classes.
By FREDERIC J. HASKIN. "
WASHINGTON, D. C, Nov. 8.
Nearly 20 years ago, a com
pany of broadminded women
of the Hebrew faith decided to form
an organization which would further
the numerous philanthropies for which
the Jewish people are noted, and also
influence the cultured women of the
race to promote '.he religious and edu
cational interests peculiar to their
own faith. The Council of Jewish
Women as organized includes in its
membership most of the cultured He
brew women of the country, and has
branches in all of the larger American
cities. It is governed by an executive
board composed of officers and di
rectors selected from all parts of the
country. Upon this central board de
volves the responsibility of outlining
most of the work undertaken by the
different branches. While the head
quarters are maintained in New York
city, the meetings of the board .are
held in different cities, thus stimulat
ing the Interest of some local branch
each year. Charleston, S. C, is the
meeting place this year and the re
sults of this meeting, which began
on November t, will be as important
to many women as the national elec
tion. Immigrant Aid "Work.
Because of the number of people of
Jewish faith who are oppressed in
various European countries and thus
driven to America, the immigrant aid
work always has been given an im
portant place in the work- of each
branch of the council, being especially
large in those cities having the great
est numbers of Jewish immigrants. In
the seaboard towns the council pro
vides for a woman agent at the barge
Office to meet the Jewish immigrant
women and girls and assist them in
any way needed. -This agent who
usually is required to speak several
languages, including Yiddish, Hun
garian. Russian or Roumanian, can
ascertain from the girls their plans
for the future. If they are traveling
alone to meet relatives and friends
she will see that they are guided to
their proper destination, thus protect
ing them from the many dangers that
would ordinarily come to women in a
In most seaboard towns a list of the
women coming alone may be secured,
with the permission of the local com
missioner from the snip's manifest
add these girls can be followed up by
a friendly visitor te the addresses to
which they have gone. There are
many wealthy Jewish women who
spend a large portion of their time in
following up these foreign women and
giving whatever assistance they may
need before becoming permanently
established in some self-supporting oc
cupation. Employment for Girls.
In New York and Philadelphia the
Council of Jewish Women took charge
of nearly 2500 Jewish immigrant girls
during a period of three years, their
ages ranging from 11 to 36 years. In
the case of the younger girls, provi
sion was .made for them to enter the
public schools, where they received in
struction under the compulsory educa
tion law which fitted them for a self
supporting position later on. Posi
tions were found for the older girls
and. for at least a year, each -was
looked after by some friendly woman
who kept in touch with the factory Or
other place in which the girl was em
ployed, securing for her wages in pro-
portion to her skill and helping her
in every possible way. Classes in Eng
lish for these girls, who are too old
to attend the public school, have been
generously provided by many branches
of the council.
The fact that many employers will
not hesitate to take advantage of the
ignorance of foreign women who dp
not know our language and the value
of our money, is frequently revealed
by the Jewish women who look after
these immigrant girls. A member of
the council in Chicago recently report
ed finding a young Immigrant girl
literally starving, although she was
a good seamstress and was employed
with a tailor. He was paying her 25
cents a day, often requiring her to
work until late at night. As she paid
a dollar a week for her room, she had
only 50 cents a week left to supply
herself with food and other neces
sities. Her employer stolidly stated
that he paid her what he had agreed.
The girl was too Ignorant of the cus
toms of the country to protest but
her gratitude was pathetic when she
"was placed in a position where she
received $5 a week for her work.
Save GirlH from Lures.
One of the most recent activities
of the Council of Jewish Women has
been to establish an auxiliary to the
Inter-Municipal Research committee,
the duty of which is to conduct in
vestigations of employment agencies
in different cities, many of which
have been found to offer grave moral
dangers to young women applying for
work. Frequently advertisements of
agencies will be circulated in other
cities, thus attracting girls in hope
of work. By correspondence it has
been possible for many dishonest em
ployment bureaus to be1 exposed
through the efforts of this committee,
and many young girls saved from
ruin, and others from financial loss,
through the agency not being able to
fulfill its promise of employment
The department of philanthropy of
the Council of Jewish -women is an ex
ceedingly active one and there is no
branch of charity and benevolence
wnich is not included in its scope.
In most of the cities the Hebrews pro
vide for the needs of their own race,
often working in cooperation with the
charity organizations of the city. But
there are innumerable matters con
stantly coming up calling for the help
of refined, generous women and in
these the members of the council al
ways take the lead. There are homes
for working girls, for old people and
for orphans, together with day
nurseries, hospitals, dispensaries and
free kindergartens which to a large
degree, if not entirely, owe their ex
istence to the charity of Hebrew wom
en. The council endeavors to further
the work of all th.ese philanthropies
and at thp same time to exercise dis
cretion in order that the best results
may be secured. It has frequently
been claimed that the Jewish charities
have less of the pauperizing tendencies
than those of other organizations.
Seelal Settlement Work. .
The value of social settlement work
was accepted by the Council of Jew
ish Women almost from the beginning
and settlements are supported in many
cities. In these various lines of ac
tivity are carried on according to the
needs of the community. Industrial
training is given, based upon upon the
actual trade conditions of the neigh
borhood. If lace making is a prevail
ing industry, or the manufacture of
wearing apparel, or hat making, the
settlement training class endeavors to
fit a girl for the work in which she
is most likely to find a situation. Do
mestic science classes are always in
operation and most of these are
especially designed to teach- foreign
women American methods of home
making, thus doing a patriotic work
in preparing for future citizenship.
While more classes are conducted
for women than for men. the Hebrew
settlements endeavor to provide for
the needs fo the whole family. The
settlement is not designed to be wholly
a place of study, or of recreation, or
of industrial work, or religious train
ing. It aims to " be a civic center,
through which all the interests of the
locality may be increased. The Jew
ish settlement workers keep closely in
touch with national and state con
ferences of charities and correction,
and with all other organizations of
sociological reform, in order that no
opportunity to improve upon methods
may be neglected.
Devotion te KellsIoBR 'Unties.
In recognition of the fact that the
tendencies of modern life are too often
apt to destroy the keen religious zeal
which has always been characteristic
of th. Hebrew race, the Council of
Jewish Women especially endeavors to (
exert us miiuence lownni a. srci.c
devotion to religious duties and a
more frequent attendance upon the re
ligious services. The members of the
council are urged to feel an individual
responsibility In the observance of the
Sabbath and all holy days and to re
frain from shopping and all unneces
sary work or business upon these days.
They should prove their reverence by
attending the synagog services, thus
honoring the very foundation of Juda
ism. The importance of the practical
study of religion is urged. This is
divided Into two parts the home cere
monies and the synagogal ceremonies.
The committee upon religious educa
tion presents well arranged programs
of work for each year and the local
branches of the council are urged to 1
form circles for study along tnese
In addition to this is the work of
the committee upon religious schools,
which aims to prpvide instruction for
the young people in all that pertains
to the principles of the Jewish re
ligion. One feature, of this work is the en
couragement of the study of the He
brew language, which is taught in all
the Hebrew religious schools, although
during the past generation it .has been
noted that it is decreasing in popu
larity with the young people. The
study of Hebrew is as much a mental
stimulus as is that of Greek or Latin
and as Hebrew must ever remain the
universal language of worship for the
Jew, the devout educated Jewish wom
en are using their heartiest influence
toward enlarging the attendance of
the Hebrew study classes which are
held in every synagog.
Tomorrow American Prison Associ
ation. HEATER EXPLODES;
OFFICE IS DAMAGED
Gasoline Explosion Occurs in Clothes
Cleaning Establishment Three
Fires in 24 Hours.
An estimated damage of ?70(J resulted
from the explosion of the hot water
heater in the basement of Swift & Co.s
headquarters, at the intersection of First
and Kansas streets, at 1:58 oclock Fri
day morning. The floor in the main
office of that buiMinjr. which was lo
cated directly over the heater, was
blown up. Both the windows in the
front part and on the sides were blown
oat. A clock in the office, which it was
stated had been keeping perfect time
BQpppoa exactly at x.-oe, raunuv wc
exzfct time of the explosion. An ahum
was turned in at the Central fire sta
tion, and that company responded, but
there was no fire following, the explo
sion. No reason was assigned for the blow
ing up of the heater. It was stated
that less than 60 days ago it had been
Gasoline Ignites; Clothes Damaged.
The Central fire company responded
to an alarm turned in at 3 oclock Thurs
day afternoon for a fire which started
in the Holmes cleaning establishment,
as the result of the ignition of gasoline.
Several suits of clothing which were in
the part of the building that caught fire
were damaged. A negro employed at
the establishment, whose name was not
known, had his hair singed. There was
only a slight damage done to the build
ing. Cigaret Starts Blase.
At 4:50 oclock Friday morning the
Central fire company responded to an
alarm for & fire in a stable in the rear
of 800 South Oregon street A cigaret
thrown into the hay in the stall is be
lieved to have been responsible for the
blase. There was only a slight damage.
TWKLVK MINTJTK SBRVICE
FOR CARS ON ARIZONA STREET
Patrons of ttae Arizona street line
have been promised 12 minute car serv
ice just as soon as title Arizona street
paving is completed. Three cars will
then be operated on the Arizona line in
stead of two as at the present time, and
the 12 minute car service started just
as soon as the last paving is laid.
PROVIDENCE, BY GEORGE FJ1CH,
RHODE ISLAND Aor of "At Gwi otf smash"
PROVIDENCE, the major fraction of
Rhode Island, is located a few,
miles south of Pawtucket and'
Woonsoeket and on the fourth stop out
fromyNew York on the New York, New
Haven and Hartford railroad, which
kindly permits its trains to stop there.
Owing to the extremely small sue of the
state of Rhode Island, many people have
looked for Providence on the map in
vain, but for many years it couk readily
be found at any time in the vest pocket
of old Gen. Brayton, who wore it with
him for safe-keeping.
Providence Jias 223,000 people and
covers 146 square miles which would give
more breathing room per citizen than
any other city in the country if so much
of the land wasn't covered with factories.
Factories are Providence's chief excuse
for existence. Make a noise like a fac
tory whistle .anywhere and if there is a
Providence man around he will grab for
his dinner bucket Providence manufac
tures most of the jewelry and silverware
for America. It makes enough woolen
cloth each year to make a pair of
trousers for the state of Rhode Inland.
It also manufactures locomotives, rat
tail files, Corliss engines, cup defenders
and screws. Providence is one of the
most prosperous cities in the country
according to banking figures, but it
doesn't seem to pass its property
around, for only 4000 of its people owned
their homes in 1900.
Providence was founded by Roger
Williams in 1635 and in the first 270
years of its existence it has managed to
pave five miles of streets with asphalt
and persuade its railroad to build a
new depot. It was a great shipping5 port
in early day, but some years ago it
lost its water front and has never dared
search Mr. Mellen for it
If yea think tier's ne such word as
f ail jiat try t fly a kite fer your little
bey. Serae neighbors night jist as well
not live by yes as fer a tier toarin' car
Years Ago To-
From Tt Herald Of Jlmwj
Clarence McKie, for some time clerk
in the Sierra Mad re offices in Juarez,
is now clerk in the G. H. yard office.
J. H. Nations, of Newman Bros. &
Nations, was among the arrivals on the
Santa Fe this morning from Kansas
Dr. A. J. Monsgin. formerly of thi3
city, but now of Marfa, Texas, was
among the arrivals on th T. P. this
The Santi. Fe company has attached
tank cars and is hauling water for the
use of engines between La Junta and
George P- Lyons, who has been 's
iting his brother. Bob, 4n this city for
the past few 4ays returned home to
San Antonio today.
N. J. Melville, well known as a col
onizer of Mexico, was among the ar
rivals on the Santa Fe this mornmj
from Kansas City. ' '
Joe Grant the G. H. machinist, is off
duty today looking after the interests
of the Democratic party. Mr. Grant
will go to Sanderson Wednesday.
The Eagle flouring mills at Tucson
will be ready for business in January.
Capacity of the new mill is 150 bar
rels a day, double that of the present
The city clerk today issued a. per
mit to R, H, Darden tor the erection
of a J3fl adeve residence on lot 3 and
part of 4,ob stock 137. o Campbell's
addition. " , . .-
The hunting party consisting of en
gineer Stead, hostler W. G. Henry, an
firemen Black and Robinson, returne i
from Lasca yesterday with all kinds
Company B, of the 6th regiment.
United States Infantry, has been as
signed to quarters In Fort Bliss. Tha
regiment will have headquarters at;
The city and county of El Paso wilC
go Democratic by a substantial ma
jority. It was expected frqm the be
ginning that the Democrats would
carry the county. .
The S. P. railway had a, large force
of track hands busily engaged today
in laying track on Main street north.
of the plaza. The S. P. now practi
cally owns Main street as tar east as
Tne Santa Fe foremen have made aa
application for a 19 percent advance ia
wages, and those who are in a position
to know think that the request of the
firemen will be complied with in the
Last night the Spooeer Dramatio
company opened a week's engagement
in El Paso to a packed house, and
manager Heatherly. for the third time
this season had out the traditional "S
R. O." sign. The play presented last
night was "The Pearl or Savoy."
On the streets this morning there.
was not the slightest manifestation by
anyone and the indication during early
morning hours was that is would be.
one of the quietest elections ever held
in El Paso. As late as 10 oclock this
morning the fight had not begun In
earnest and in all the wards an ex
ceedingly light vote had been east at
For many years Providence was only
one-half of the capital of Rhode Island,
but some years ago it not only got the
other half away from Newport, but also
became the provisional capital of the
United States. However, it has lost that
distinction since its leading citizen. Mr.'
AJdrich, stopped being the United States
Providence has a slight American ma
jority in elections with the Irish in full
pursuit and because it blows its factory
"If there is a Providence man around hb
will grab for his dinner bucket"
whistles too late in the evening it has
15,000 illiterate people. On the other
hand it has Brown university, whiih
scores on Yale every year or two. Pnn 1
dence is old fashioned in its business
district, its tenement sections and its
school laws, but its millionaires are
right up to date.
(Copyrighted by George Mattuw