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Feature-and Society News Section
Feature and Society News Section
This is becoming pre-eminently, the
home district of this qfy beautiful.
$30,000.00 value going into this
week's new homes.
The remarkable activity in home
building is not a mere spasmodic or
"boom" affair in Grand View. This
section has a continual and a steady
develcppement, until at this present time, .
there are many buildings under-construction,
or contract to build.
Designed and Built by Ferry-Knkpatnck Realty Co,
Block 50, Lots 1-2-3-4. Y. C. Hurr.
For Terms and Price See, Telephone or Write
Let us take you in our autos ancr
The quality of the new homes build-
ing in Grand View averages away
above those in any other addition.
The history of lot" prices in this
addition proves investment here to be
the safest and best in El Paso suburban
The way to invest is to buy property
where somebody later will surely want
what you have bought.
104 San Antonio St.
PEANK a. CAEPENTER'S LETTER
Is 1000 Years Old and Has
Marvelous Monuments of
The Leaning Monument At
Quirigua Is Forty Feet High
GRAND PLAZA AND
ITS GREAT TEMPLE
Delve Into Mounds For
Its Ancient Secrets.
(Copyright, 1912, by Frank G. Car
LOS AHATBS, Guatemala, Nov. 16.
Have you ever heard tof Quiri
gua? Seven hundred jears be
fore Columbus discovered America,
when our ancestors of northern Eu
i ope were living in huts, eating with
their fingers and sleeping on straw, it
was the most civilized place on the
western hemisphere. It had its pyra
mids and its palaces, its temples and
us hovels. It had men who under
stood fine masonry and artists who
did wonderful carving. It was the cap
ital of a .great population, which filled
the valley in which 1 am writing a
alley which in its fertility is equal to
that of the Nile, the Ganges, the Ama
zon or the Kongo.
The Valley of the Motagua.
Today this valley is covered with
jungle. Palm trees of a hundred va
lleties wave their fanlike leaves over
jt, and lianas, from the thickness of
your finger to that of your leg, bind
the great trees together. Mixed with
the palms are mahoganies and other
hardwoods, so that the vegetation is
almost impenetrable. The undergrowth
is dense and it is a good woodsman
vv ho can cut his way for two miles
through the jungle inside of 12 hours.
The soil ad climate are such that the
learing of today becomes a fores!
w ithin a few years and plants wilJ
&hoot up to from a dozen to 20 feet in
the course of six months. ,
At the same time the decay of th
vegetation is rapid. Cut it down and!
it rots so quickly that within a fewf
reared, and, b the aid of the vast
."WlfL t..,unmi J 1." HILih'.T?""TyVjP'y'l(ll"MllBBM
found and what they are doing I shall
tell you further on in this letter.
armies of ants, the larger ones last bu,t j and the river makes it easj to can;.
a tew years for mis reason, all Ue
woodwork of that ancient civilization
lias long since passed away. The stonje
work remains, and within the past 'SO
4i' months American archeologSBts
Li-ir bi-en digging it out of the junfele
r 'ui 'p ine to discover the character of
t!i. j.f-f.pl who lived here a thousand
ad murt jeara ago. What theyiiae
the Euphrates, and so that of Old India
along the banks of the Ganges.
It was somewhat the same in Central
America. The continent here consists
of a backbone of mountains, with a
narrow strip of lowlands along the
coast. The Motagua river flows out
of the mountains in Guatemala, and it
has a valley about five miles wide run
ning from this backbone to the sea.
The mountains are so situated th.'t
they catch the waterladen winds of the
Caribbean and give it a. hea rainfall
At the same time the shelter it from
ine proaucts from one place to another. l"e winas and make it a tropical p.ira
The fight for food is not hard, and the j dise.
people have leisure to cultivate the j Home of the Xajans.
gentler arts. Other peoples come to j This paradise was the Garden of
buy of their abundance. Commerce fol- i Ede of this nation a thousand vears
lows and in time civilization grows 'ago. Its people were the Mavans Thi v
So the civilization of Eg pt sprang up conquered th junele and lived hert- no
in the wll of the Nile so that of one knows how long until in tur
Babylon and Xineveb. in the delta ol they wen. con'iutrcd. bj the wildei
Where the Ruins Lib
But first let me give the location. 1
doubt whether many of you have ever
heard of the Motagua river and of this
great Garden of Eden known as the
Motagua vallej. It was well fitted for
the home of a great people. If you
remember our history you will find
that the first civilizations hae sprung
up in valleys. The sou there is ncl
tribes, and the jungle again came into
The exact dates of these events are
unknown. It was probably & thousand
years ago when the jungle again re
sumed its sway, and from then until
now nature has reigned supreme. It is
only during the past century that any
one has known that a civilisation ever
existed here. And it is only now. when
a railroad has been cut through to get
to the highlands and when the Ameri
can fruit men have begun to cut down
the trees and make their banana plan
tations, that any idea of the extent of
that civilization has come to be known.
In building the railroads, the grade
cut through a circular indian mound as
high as a four story house, and for 40
miles along the hills on one side of the
valley were found graves with walls
made of smooth, round stones, brought
from the creeks and the rivers. On the
other side of the Motagua mounds of
greater height were discovered, and in
them pieces of pottery, whistles of clay
and the stone utensils of jade and
It is now known that the ruins are
scattered over an area of about 390,000
acres, and that they include not only
these grave mounds, but mighty monu
ments and the remains of a great city.
The City of Quirigua.
Our first knowledge of this city came
about 70 years ago. when the Stephens
expedition went through Central Amer
ica, and a man named Catherwood saw
some f the ruins We learned more
about it in 1S83, when Alfred P. Mauds
ley made his way through this region
and photographed some of the monu
ments. The real work ot excavation, how
ever, was begun just about two years
ago. w hen the St. I.ouis Society of the
Archaecligical institute decided to do
.some work in Guatemala, and at the in
stance of Victor M. Cutter, manager of
the Guatemala division of the United
Kruit company, came to Quirigua and
began their work here. The United
Fruit company has aided them in their
work, granting them 75 acres of land,
which contained the most important
part of the ruined city, and forming
w nat is to be known as Quirigua Park.
It is in that tract that the exeava
uons are now going on. They are under
the harge of Dr. dgar L. Hewett and
I -ot hylvanus u. Money, who have
g.ings of natives at work. They are
now unco ering what was once the
great temple of the city of Mayan, and
the have, already cleared away the
jungle over a great part of ttoe tract.
Th(j. have cut down mahogany and
iithir trees, and are now digging up
monuments so gigantic that they re
mind one of the mighty statues of the
Thirteen Mighty Monuments.
Eefore I describe the city itself, let
me tell jou something aobut these
mighjt monuments. There are 13 of
them which have been already uncov
ered although some are still sunken
defp in the earth. These are gigantic
monoliths, of sandstone, solid blocks
from 20 to 30 feet high, some of which
mupt wFigh many tons. These great
figures iitand right in the juttgle. One.
for instance, is supposed to be 36 feet
in length. It rises 30 feet above the
ground, and it is said to extend at least
12 feet below it. It leans like the
Tower of Pisa, but it was probably
straight when it was erected.
Another monument is 24 feet in
height and four feet in diameter; and a
third mammoth stone, which I photo
graphed, was 33 feet in circumference.
All of these monuments are covered
with carvings, and the archeologists
have translated some of the writing:,
upon them. They helffcve them u hse
been made along about 5"0 yea is .ifter
Christ and in that case they world Le
over 1200 years old
It is difficult to reconsu'ii't a civili
zation when one has nothing but Mnnes
to tell the story. So far the acheolo
gists have not gotten much beyond the
translation of the dates, and they are
not absolutely sure of thein. The be
lieve the monuments to be largely re
ligious, and that the city of Quirigu.i
was a temple city and the place of wor
ship of manv people.
I can only give ou the note which I
have made of the monuments as they
stood before me. What they mean, you
must figure out for yourself. Here, for
instance, is o great stone column which
r'-.es eitrht feet nut of the earth and ex
tends tt :n feet below th surface It
it about lu feet vwUt u.nd the whole it
covered with carving. On one side is a
woman's figure. I take my tape meas
ure and find that the face is about a
foot thick. It is evidently that of a
queen, for the .head has a crown, and In
the lady's ears are plugs, which remind
me of the women of Burma, who wear
j;: eat plugs in their ears.
The lady who sat as a model for this
engraving may have been a Mayan
princess, and she was probably vain.
Matty ear plugs made of jade have been
found among the ruins. This monument
is as big as the caboose of a freight
train. It is of sandstone, and notwith
standing Us 1400 years of life, is still
But let us go on through the jungle.
We walk a few rods alone- the nath that
has been cut and come to a stone which j
has a woman's fac on one side and that i
oi a montcey on tne oiner. this is like
some of the East Indian monuments. It
makes one wonder whether the ances
tors of these people did not come from
farther on is the leading monu
ment of which I have spoken. It is as
high as a two story house and has a
gigantic head carved out near the top.
The face is of wonderful workmanship,
and it seems as though the thing might
talk. The eyes are fat and bulgy, the
nose is that of a Jew. the forehead is
low. and the beard, which hides the
chin, is like that which one sees on the
statues of the Egyptian kings. The
great ears on each side of the face ere
half hidden by plugs of jade, and the
features remind us of those of the As
syrians or Egyptians.
The Original Bull Moose.
Stranger than all these, hovewer. is the
monument which has been recently ex
humed. It is a great stone upon which
in alto-relievo, is carved a great round
face which bears the happy expression
so often seen in the cart.is of Theo
dore Koosevelt. The open mouth shows
great teeth and a joyful grin is seen at
the corners. The archaeologists here say
that this is the Simon-pure origin of
the Roosevelt smile. It proves Jhe an
tiquity of the genealogical tree of otr?
former president, and it may be that
when the cartoons of the man who
heads the Bull Moose party are ex
humed from the debris of 1000 years
hence the archaeologists oi the future
may connect the two in their long nar
rative of past civilizations.
Like the Chinese.
Other monuments make nit think of
the Tartars. They have Tartar features,
and they look not unlike the giants in
stone which guard the Ming tombs at
Nanking and near the N'anko pass
through the great wall of China. In
connection with this is the evident dei
fication of the turtle, which has always
been the Chinese emblem of longevity,
as is shown by gigantic stone turtles in
many parts of north China. One of the
biggest monuments I have seen here
outside the great shafts is a turtle
which weighs about 20 tons and is at
least eight feet in height. It is entirely
covered with hieroglyphics and is one J
great mass of carving.
Hew the MeeHmcHts Were Built.
These monuments which surround the
ancient city of Quirigua are said to be
the largest of their kind upon the
American continent, and the wonder is
how the people of those ancient times
could have lifted such enormous
weights. We have no record that they
had beasts of burden, and machinerj
was as yet uninvented. They proba
bly used levers, pulleys and cables and
rolled the stones into place upon in
clined planes. There are evidences that
the great stones were brought down
upon rafts at the timt of the floods,
and the remains of an ancient canal is
shown. The stone itself is such that
it hardens with age. being compara
tively soft when it comes from the
imarry, and the carving may have been
clone with stone jxes and stone chisels,
aided by knives of obsidian.
la QHlrigaa City.
So much for the monuments about
Quirigua Now let us look at the
main part of the cit. I found the
men working there when I visited it
jc-sterdaj They were laboring in the
heart of the jungle. Palms and ma
hogany tiees, some of the latter 150
feet high, shaded them, and the trunks
of great trees lay among the debris
of the temple mounds which they were
cutting out. They have already cleared
a space of si or eiffht acres which is
filled with gn-at mounds, under vvhiih
li aimu inightv temples of the past
The mounds ait ju ci Jo ieel hijjh, and
you can see the stones of temples
showing out. On the tope of some df
them grew trees many feet thick and
in mound number 1 I saw negroes cut
ting oat the stumps of mahogany trees.
They were taking away the earth in
one corner and there under the super
vision of Mr. Morley the ancient walls
were being relaid. The temple on
which he was working was -about 3jO
feet wide and 100 feet long. The stones
taken out were covered with carvings
and upon them were the faces of men
and women. There were also glyphs or
characters cut in the stdne.
The stones I first saw were a part
of a frieze and Mr. Morley showed me
that the wall of the temple was nine
feet thick, and that the whole of the
outside is covered with carving. One
door has been excavated and the slabs
over this are seven feet long. I saw
one piece of sandstone -which had a
hole cut through it, and it seemed to
me as though it might have been the
top of a letter box.
The Grand Plasa.
From this temple I went to others,
climbing up the steps until I could look
down on the great court in which the
mounds of temples lay. The whole,
made me think of the stadium- at Ath
ens; and I can see that when the earth
is all cleared away the site will be
very imposing. Much of the buildings
has already been uncovered, and you j
can waiK about tnrougn tne ancient
structures and wonder what kind of
people put them into shape.
There is no doubt but that the stone
all came from some distance. The soil
of the court is a sandy loam, and there
are no rocks of any kind within three
miles of it excepting those in the tem
ples. The chief quarries are three miles
away, and it Is believed that the heav
iest monuments were brought here by
turning the course of the Quirigua
river so that it ran past the temples.
The city seems to have been laid
with a grand plaza or court, with a
smaller court adjoining for the tem
ples or main buildings. The main
buildings surround a court. They had
terraced walls from 30 to 60 feet high,
and in some of them are rooms with
walls of square stones and doorways
arched with flat stones. To the north
of the plaza is a pyramid, which is
1.10 feet square at the base and 40 feet
high. Near this pyramid is a round,
carved stone so big that it would take
10 horses to haul if it -was put upon a
wagon. This stone is covered with
carvings, and among them is that of a
woman, elaborately dressed. Nearby
lies another great stone, which looks
like the head of a tiger, and all about '
are blocks of carved stone of one kind
IB Banana PlaHtatfes.
All about the excavated city is an
immense banana plantation. The 75
acres of park contain some jungle, but
the fruit company has cut down the
dense woods surrounding this, and ba
nanas are now growing among the logs
and in the-ashes of the bunted vegeta
tion. Some of the trees on the ground
are 20 feet in circumference, and these
giants of the jungle show the work
that has to be done in the clearing.
A part of the park will prebably be
left as it is, for it is as fine a speci
men of tropical jungle as can be found
on the face of the globe. I am told
that the woods contain deer, monkeys,
sloths and ant eatei and I saw birds
of bright plumage flying about the
trees. As it Is now the ruins can be
easily reached by railroad, the city of
Quirigua being only a mile and a hajf
from the track and about CO miles in
land from Puerto Barrios on the Ca
A Waxa Aboaf the Mayans.
And now in closing let me say a
word about the people who probably
built this city and made these won
derful carvings. They are practically
unknown, although the work of archae
ologists may in time result- in- further
knowledge. There are evidences on the
monuments of skull and crossbones,
showing, that they had the same sym
bol of life and death that we have and
some of the carvings are evidences of
the dates I have given. Dr. Hewett be
lieves that their civilization was large
ly religious, and that the government
was a theocratic republic He -thinks
that they lived in houses somewhat
similar to the bamboo huts of the trop
ics, and that these great temples," mon
uments and pyramids were put up only
as a means of worshipping their gods.
Somcof the other archeologists think
that the faces on the monuments -were
those of the queens, kings or priest
esses of that day.
These people are believed to hare be
longed to the Mayans, a race stock
which included many nations and
which lived in southern Mexico, .and
in a great part of Guatemala and Sal
vador. According to the Mayan tradi
tions they came from the north, and
it is said that it was not long after
the time of Christ that they made their
way sorith into Mexico. They are sup
posed to have been in Yucatan about
500 A. D., and here in Guatemala a
little later. The people of Yucatan
are said to, be among their descend
ants, and the same may be true of some
of the tribes of Guatemala.
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