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Superior exclusive features and cor plte news report by Associated Prw Leased Wire and
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ington, D. C and New York.
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AN INDEPENDENT DAILY NEWSPAPER
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H. D. Slater, EuUer-ta-Cbtef aai controlling owner has directed The Heraia for 14 Years;
G. A. Martin is News Editor.
EL PASO HERALD
Editorial and Magazine Page
Saturday, November Sixteenth 1912.
For National Roads
ALMOST a hundred years lave passed siace the American national govern
ment abandoned its wise, patriotic, and economical policy of government
road btriMisg, and left this work to the states and local communities.
The result k that today we have not one single highway of national, proportions
not one single paved road connecting the principal centers of population across
the continent hardly any long stretches of paved roads worthy tie name, outside
of the densely populated east. x
What the building up of great railroad systems through consolidation of weak
short lines has done for railroad service, a national road policy, supplemented by
adequate and consistent state promotion and control, would do for the transporta
tion problem of this country.
It is not very many years since a traveler was forced to change cars, trains,
and railroad systems 11 times on a trip from Washington to New York, 239 miles.
Each time he changed, the traveler had to look out for his own baggage, transfer
it, find his train, car, and seat, pay his fare, and go through much the same rig
marole, only worse, that a traveler today goes through when be buys a coupon
ticket around the world.
There are some pinhead poHtkians whose demands, if satisfiea, would mean
virtually a return to the days of railroad "systems" 20 miles in total length; to
the days of unlimited competition, which is only another name for unlimited
destruction and ultimate unlimited ruin; to the days of "independence" which
simply means savagery civilisation connotes interdependence.
The same arguments that are applied today against government and state
aid in road building have been applied in the effort to block the government's
activities to suppress yellow fever, and to increase the yield of an acre of cetton,
and to advance money for reclaiming arid lands.
More, not less, participation by state and national treasuries ana authorities
in public works of universal benefit that is the demand of this day.
Suppose the national government had been appropriating each year for the
last half century, for the purpose of building permanent roads, only the price of
a single battleship, or only one-tenth of what we spend each year for our army;
suppose such as appropriation had been made on condition that the states spend
twice as much as the national government contributes; such an appropriation,
which would hardly have.been noticed in the annual budget of the national govern
ment, and which would have meant only 10c to 25c per capita per year for the
people of this country, would have been the means of establishing, by now, not
less than 75,000 miles of first class paved highway, or a total of ten broad high
ways across the continent from ocean to ocean, togetberwith 20 highways north
and south from border to border, together with 15,000 miles of paved laterals.
See what we have missed? Sole cause, mistaken policy, not lack of money.
There are signs that the American people are coming back to life. At the
last session of congress $500,000 was appropriated for good-roads, together with
$25,000 for a committee to investigate and report upon the whole problem of
future national road promotion on a large scale. The right of the national
government to build and maintain roads is not to be questioned! The policy of
state and local cooperation is sound every way.
The initial appropriation is to be distributed among the states en condition
that each state receiving national aid itself appropriate twice as much as the
national government apportionment. The $500,000 will be apportioned among
the states equally, which means equitably in proportion to their needs rather than
their population for Arkansas and New Mexico need good roads a. good deal more
than New York and Pennsylvania need them.
The first appropriation will net go very far, that is plain. Paved roads cost
from $4000 to $15,000 per mile, and part of the first $10,000 apportioned to each
state will be set aside for maintenance; so that, even with the additional con
tribution by the individual states, there will be a fund of only about $24,000
available the first year. This money will not be used for actual road construction,
but rather for experimentation, to see hew future appropriations can best be
applied to- existing roads to put them in condition for heavier traffic.
To build a good road is simply to shorten the distance between two points.
All transportation and traffic are dependent to a greater degree on the time
element than on the mileage element. If a farm is four hours drive from the
railroad, it matters little to the farmer whether the distance be four miles or 40
miles, except as the wear and tear may be greater or less as a matter of fact,
the 'wear and tear on the average unimproved road is greater than the wear and
tear would be in ten times the distance over an improved read.
Build good roads, shorten distances, improve all conditions of life, prevent
waste, produce more wealth out of the earth, and gain more from the labor of
men and beasts.
The appropriation by the last congress is the first step toward attempting to
regain in some degree our lost ground. We are 100 years behind Europe in out
road policy. We are able, financially, to make up some of the lost time by moving
faster having once begun. Let the broad polky of national and state aid in good
road building throughout the union become a fixed element in our national policy.-
The Human Touch
IT IS a whole lot easier to do business with a man if you know what kind of
watch chain he wears, if he smokes a pipe, if he curls his mustache, if he
shaves every day, if he carries a big packet of old telegrams and letters in
his inside coat pocket, if he grips your hand like an oyster or a baseball pitcher,
if he reads "The Outlook," if he writes all his business letters by hand with a
stubby pencil, if his automobile is paid for, if he believes in reciprocity and fair
play, if he loves children, if he waits on customers himself, if he patronizes Mont
gomery Ward, if he prefers good goods or fake pretence, if he advertises his con
nection with the church, if he spurns the crooked sixpence, if he loves flattery, if
he always has time to do the decent thing, if he is courteous to servants. A
knowledge of these things helps to create a bond of understanding between business
Ben. It is to get this personal touch that El Pasoans make their annual Get
Speaking of prosperity and the state of the country, the patient is being
mighty closely watched, and if anything looks suspicious of oncoming illness there
will be plenty to notice it and tell about it. There are some people, including
politicians and women, in this country who love to enjoy poor health.
To be real exclusive, omit buying an automobile.
legator sM down east day. One a year is enough. We like it because it's
here. Roll en, terrestrial ball (It rolls en).
Some people would like to travel
over the road to success in a private
No change is so welcome as that
-which varies the monotony of an
The brightness of many a young
man consists largely of -waistcoats and
In spite of the theory that all's
well that ends -well, it is just as well
to begin right.
There isn't anything in the whole
world quite so proud as a girl of 16
with her first real beau.
Travel broadens a man, but on the
other hand you can stay at home and
get a tailor to pad your shoulders.
Mrs. Gnaggs "You have told me a
barefaced lie." Mr. Gnaggs "Non
sense, my dear. That lie is old enough
to have whiskers."
REFLECTIONS OF A BACHELOR.
(New York Press.)
The bab has got to look like any
rich relative the family has.
A mother of a large family, has so
much patience with it bedause the
father hasn't any.
A woman is very clever to be able
to learn from a man what she knows
?i much better than he does.
V here a woman can sometimes make
m ne is b- htr husband never spend
ing an oj his own oa himself.
Most political arguments arj just
assertions, accompanied by wise looks.
A man is also aging a little when he
would rather buy his walnuts than
Neither does one need to have rheu
matism to find some excuse for kick
ing: on the weather.
Why does a high priced restaurant
want a patron to wait for his meal long
enough to lose his appetite?
A town Is becoming a city when a
man living there feels he can consist
ently carry a cane without being lame.
Don't complain and complain and
complain against a man. and then fail
to appear in police court as complain
ing witness after he has been arrested.
It is human nature to want to abuse
some one occasionally.
A woman's idea of an easy mark is
from a dollar to 9S cents.
Silence sometimes gives consent and
sometimes it gives offence.
A woman says it's easy to flatter a
a man, but hard to keep him flattered.
A person who uses his brain has an
excellent excuse for keeping his face
All men think they are manly, but
the majority are entitled to another es
timate. There seems to be a good deal of
human nature in a motorc-li that
makt-e more noise than an automobile.
PEOPLE dodge old Dad McGIory as they caracole and sing, for he always has
a- story that he's suffering to spring; and his tales are always dreary, so
they make his hearers weary, and they wish him in Sibery with his anec
dotal string. People dodge old Billy Biddle when he looms up in their view, for
he always has a riddle that he wants an answer to; and his riddles are as hoary
as the yarns of Dad McGlory. and from .Boston to Empory people seeing him cry,
"Shoo!' People dodge old Huckleberry as around the town they whiz; for his
stories never vary they are of his rheumatiz; oh, he always is'complaining how
he suffers when it's raining, how his tortured thews are straining when the wintry
blizzards bliz. People dodge old Sarah Twister, for she gives them all an ache;
she's a tiresome shrieking sister, batty on the suffrage fake; wearing out ber
vocal' features she is lecturing the bleachers on the rights of female creatures,
when she should stay home and bake. People dodge old Peter Peddler; lie's
severely left alone; for he is a chronic meddler in affairs which aren't his own; lie's
a rare old mischief maker, spreading gossip by the acre, he's a bad old scandal
raker, and his name makes people groan.
In His Hour of Darkness
By Pbilip Barnes.
THE old room looked warm and
comfortable in the firelight.
The shadows had fallen early
upen that stormy day, and darkness
was fast closing in upon a wet and
weary world. Stormy gusts of wind
drove the rain upon the windows, and
moaned drearily In the wide chimney.
The firelight cast mystic figures
upon the carpet, and over the child's
toys scattered upon the rug. The little
one, weary with play and happiness,
had fallen asleep, and now his curly
head was resting against his mother's
heart as she sat upon a low chair and
clasned him closely.
A shadow blacker and more lasting I
tnan tne snaaow or nigni, now isuias
over the landscape without, had fallen
over -her life, and robbed it of the
happiness which Lad appeared so sure
At that moment the door was opened
cautiously, and a tall man entered. She
put up a hand to enjoin silence, and he
crept slowly towards her.
"You will tire yourself with him,"
he said, in a low voice. "And is it not
very bad for him to sleep now, for it
-will spoil his rest? Let me ring for
"No, no!" she said. "I prefer to
keep him at present. It will not spoil
his rest later, and he was very tired."
"But what of you? He is big and
heavy; your arms will ache."
"No," she answered softly. "They
only ache when he Is not there."
"You are absurd and fanciful, Isabel!
You will spoil him, and he will become
a torment to you, a trouble like his
"Ah, hush!" she murmured, with
whitening face. "Hush! Even you
must not speak so of him!"
"And yet he has ruined your life!"
he replied bitterly. "You who -were
once so bright and happy! And I be
lieve you forgive him all."
"Oh, I have forgiven him!" she said.
"I should have forgiven him even if he
had deserved his punishment; but he
"The judge and jury thought differ
ently." he retorted. "But there Is no
end to a woman's folly!"
"Nay, say rather a woman's love!"
she said softly. "But tell me. you have
seen him spoken to him today. How
is he, and what message di dhe send?"
"He is well." he replied coldly. "Quite
well, I believe, and he sent no mes
"No message none?" she breathed.
"Did he not even want to know about
me and and his boy?"
"My dear Isabel; you expect too
much. To a man who has spent many
months in prison, living upon prison
fare and in degrading circumstances,
the fact that he will soon regain his
liberty is naturally more to him than
"Brian was never selfish," she said
slowly. "He must have suffered ter
ribly to have changed Mm so.'.' "
"He is changed now. Be looks what
he is a gloomy, hopeless convict,
hardened by prison life, and with no
prospect of anything but a return to
his evil ways."
Her eyes flashed upon him with sud
"How dare you?" she breathed.
"Have you forgotten that he is my
husband, the father of my child, that
I I love him?"
He shrugged his shoulders.
"That, my dear Isabel, is just what
I should like to forget, but I cannot."
"You know he is not guilty of the
crime for which he has been punished
A curious change passed over Guy
Sullivan's face as he looked at his
"I know? My dear Isabel, you must
be mad! What do you mean?"
"I I don't know," she murmured. "I
know he is innocent, and somehow I
think you know it. too!"
He laughed oddly and awoke the
child, who clung to His mother. I
Origin Of Familiar Things By Madison c. Peters
Turkeys Were First Found in Mexico City by Spanish Invaders.
-HEN the Spaniards discovered
the City of Mexico, the com
monest meat was turkey.
When it was first introduced Into
European farm yards in 1530, the peo
ple named it on the theory that it was
an Asiatic fowL The Germans for a
while called it Calicut cock; the French
still call it Dinda or India fowl, and
the' English call it Turkey fowl, but
the oriental country from which it
came, according to the theory of John
Fiske, was really Mexico.
Vegetables In History.
The first date of the melon Is lost In
antiquity, but Pliny records its use,
and as he died in A. D. 79, the melon is
probably as old as the cucumber, which
is-one of the vegetables named in early
Bible history, though some claim that
melons were really meaitt.
Carrots were in use before the Chris
tian era; the origin of the pumpkin
no one seems to have been able to place,
but we read that pumpkin pies were
made more than 300 years ago. after
this receipe: Cut a hole in the side,
take out the seeds and filaments, stuff
with a mixture of apples and spices, and
then bake till done.
A book was written on the radishes
1600 years ago. The ancient Greeks of
fered turnips, beets and radishes in
their obligations to Apollo. Pliny tells
Ub that parsnips were brought to Rome
from the banks of the Rhine at the com
mand of the emperor Tiberius for use
on his table.
Buckwheat began to be cultivated in
England in 1597. It had been brought
into Europe from Asia a hundred years
The first camera obscura was in
vented by Porta, an Italian Philosopher,
during "the latter part of the 16th cen
tury. The First Photographs.
A German named Schultz obtained
the first actual photographic copies ot
writing in 1727. To Thomas Wedge
wood is due the honor of first producing
pictures on sensitized surfaces in I80C
In 1839 John Daguerre perfected the
Daguerreotype process, the first prac
Watches, timepieces moved by a
spiral spring instead of a weight, were
made as early as the 16th century,
though the law which governs the me
chanical theory of spungs were first
enunciated b Huprens in tr- lTt'i r, i-
craat, a corruption of Crubut n 1
Sundry Bores I By Wait Mason
The Herald's Daily
"There, he is awake; I must take
him to nurse. No, thank you; do not
ring. I will go up with him myself."
When she had gone his glance fell
upon the little woolly lamb with which
the child had been playing, and with
some savage instinct he set his ffot
upon it, crushing the frail toy to
atoms, and wishing as he did so that
he could so serve the child and the
Then, muttering something under his
breath, he left the room, banging the
door noi ily behind him.
She had stolen away from hen fath
er's house, and had come away to the
home which belonged to her husband,
where for one brief year they had been
Old Nancy had gone to bed, but Isa
bel sat alone in the pleasant little
Presently she fell asleep, and did not
hear the sound of a key turning in the
latch, nor the fall of a footstep upon
Brian Kerrison had come home.
He opened the door of his own study,
the room irom which he had' risen"
three years ago to accompany the po
lice. Warmth and fragrance greeted him,
a bright light, a cheerful fire; and
there, in his own chair, there slum-
.j . ..,.. .- i... ii ,..
whn inv ho thought bri foii' bim !
whose love he thought had failed him
in his hour of need
The name escaped from his lips
hoarsely, but low and hoarse as it -was
she heard, and her eyes opened.
"Brian Brian! At last!"
He clasped her in bis arms, as he
had thought never to hold her again.
"What does it mean, Isabel?" he
asked presently. "I thought you had
forsaken me, since you never sent a
message never asked to see me! Why
are you here?"
"I was wating for you, Brian," she
said. "I could not come, for father for
bade it; and he has been so good to
Roy and me, Brian! But he would not
let me go to that horrible place to see
you. But I sent you messages and let
ters through XJuy, and you never sent
"I never got one!" he cried, his brow
darkening and his voleo bitter. "Not
one message from you, Isabel;- only a
proposal from your father that I
should give up all claim to you and
and the boy, and leave England for-.
Isabel looked puzzled.
"Father thought we should get on
better abroad," she said. "But if you
like, we will stay here, Brian, and live
it down, for I know you are inno
cent." He looked at her. the haDDlness in
his heart shining in his eyes.
"You believe that?" he cried. "Oh,
"Of course I believe it!!, she mur
mured. "You see. Brian, I love you!"
The sun shone in the morning as
though there had been no wild storm
in the dark hours; and though the
shadow was only partially lifted. Isa
bel's heart joined in the carol of the
birds as she saw Brian Brian htm
self -walk in his own garden, to see
what damage the storm and neglect
But before they had. finished break
fast a telegraph boy had hnrried up
the drive and handed to old Nanny
an ominous looking message. Isabel's
motherly tears rose to her eyes at
"Roy!" she cried. "Oh, Brjan, some
thing must have happened to Roy!"
Brian tore open the message, and his
face altered strangely as he read.
"It is not Roy, Isabel," ho said gent
ly. "It is Sullivan." ,
"Guy?" she queried. "Let me read."
It was from her father and It said:
"Come at once, and bring Isabel.
Guy has met with a serious accident.
All Is discovered, and he has confessed
himself guilty of the crime for which
you suffered. AlHster."
Croat, was first introduced into France
by French officers on their return from
Germany in 1686. The Croats who
guarded the Turkish frontiers and acted
as scouts on the flanks of the army
wore linen around their necks, tied In
front, and the officers wore muslin or
silk. When France organized a regi
ment on the model of tne Croats, theso
line neck cloths were imitated and the
regiment was called 'The Royal Cra
vat." Origin of the penknife Until 182
pens (from Latin penna, a feather)
were made out of quills or large feath
ers of the goose or other birds, and
being soft, they split and had to be re
made, so the knives that remade these
pens got to be called "penknives."
The misnamed lead pencil There Is
no lead in the lead pencil; the right
name for it is graphite, from a Greek
word which means "to write;" graphite
U changed coal. Graphite used for pen
cils is ground to powder, then sub
jected to great pressure, made into firm
plates, and sawed into small strips,
ready for the pencil. Graphite when
reduced to powder, is very soft, and
when a hard pencil is required, it Is
necessary to mix different materials as
clay, chalk, etx.. with powder to
harden it. The finest graphite comes
from Borrowdale, England, and the
Siberian mines. . There are mines at
Tlconderoga, N. Y and at Strobrldge.
The ancestral -breakfast Until a lit
tle over a century ago, there were only
two meals a day, dinner from nine In
the morning, in the 15th century, to
noon in the 17th century, and supper
from five in the afternoon to seven
oclock. Breakfast up to 106 years ago
was mainly a draft of ale or tes. or
chocolate. In the 18th century, dinner
was gradually postponed until six
oclock in the afternoon, which made
breakfast a necessity, and a little bread
and some radishes were added to the
morning draft. A hundred years or so
ago cold meats began to be served for
breakfast, to the great surprise of ev
erybody. Its novelty made It fashion
able, and led to the giving of breakfast
parties, but these breakfasts were sel
dom served before 11 or 12 oclock.
Breakfast finally became an institution
as a necessary thing In the long
stretch between supper, late at night,
and dinner, the next afternoon. This
.acceptance of breakfast a little over 100
iars ajro ma'le Enprland for tin- first
turn .1 thrtatcindt Ha SHHOLCMFW
tim. a, tun-i-mtals-A-day nation.
HALF A BILLION DOLLARS WASTED IN SMOKE
Merchants Are Heaviest Losers in Damaged Goods; Vegetation Injured by
- Smoke From Factories.
By FREDERIC J. HASKUf.
PITTSBURG, Pa., Nov. 16. Aside
from the immense cost of smoke
to the owners of the plants which
make it a cost represented in needless
coal bills the national smoke bill rep
resents millions of dollars of economic
waste to the public at large. The
blighting influence of a municipal
smoke pall on the health of a commu
nity alone might justify its abatement,
for it lias been shown at home and
abroad that smoky cities are cities
with high death rates from all bron
chial and pulmonary diseases. In ad
dition to this the effect on trees and
vegetation in general has been shown
to be harmful and costly. In the parks
of St. Louis each year one tree out of
every -5 dies because of the smoke
pall. It has been found that the smoke
gases of busy cities frequently injure
vegetation within a radius of 50 miles.
But a more appreciable smoke loss to
the community is that inflicted upon
the merchant and by him transferred to
the "ultimate consumer."
MlllionH Lost Through Smoke.
One Chicago merchant estimated that
the smoke nuisance cost him $200,000
a year in damaged goods, an expense
that one" may be sure -nas included m
his price tickets. He further esti
mated that State street's smoke take
amounted to $2,000,896 a year, and that
it played no insignificant role when
the price makers were marking the
price tickets. Carrying the matter still
further, he declared that the toll that
Cclcago's smoke exacted from its citi
zens was equal in amount to all the
taxes levied by the municipality.
Out of the 560,000,000 tons of coal
used annually in the United Staes. less
than 75,000,000 tons is actually turned
into service and power. The energy
of the remainder is wasted in smoke,
friction, and other ways. Most of the
waste comes from imperfect power sys
tems and might be reduced greatly
were all coal using plants to measure
up to the best engineering practice. But
the amount that might be saved simply
by proper combustion methods in ex
isting power plants throughout the
country would certainly amount to
Railroads Make Tents.
ThAw Dossibllities are illustrated by
the experience of a railroad which de
cioea io dui lis nreraen ju "
cided to put its nremen jo
One fireman was sent out with an en
zine to draw a train from one city to
another, the running time being an
hour and 55 minutes. He used 8000
pounds of coal to make the trip and
had a hard time keepine up steam all
the way. Next day, with a duplicate
train and with weather conditions sim
ilar, the same engine under a better
fireman, made the trip with 4500 pounds
of coal. and. in the language of the
roundhouse, had "the steam against the
pop" the whole distance. He left a
trail of steamy smoke; the fireman he
succeeded left one long streak of black
On a larger scale the experience of
the Burlington. Cedar Rapids North
ern railway is illuminative of what rail
roads have accomplished by adopting
proper firing methods. During one
period of nine months it reduced the
amount of coal burned by nearly nine
percent as compared with the same
months of the previous year, in the
face of an increase of four percent, in
train mileage and of some increase in
the weight of the average train. The
superintendent declared that three
fcurths of the increased efficiency was
due to better firing methods.
Factories have had similar experi
ences. One plant tola lis nremen n
woukl pay them $4 a month extra tor
avow tnnnth thev showed A smokeless
VIIT) vaa . wu . ...
every month they showed a smokeless
staefc. They found it was just about
as easy to have a smokeless fire as to
make black smoke and the result was
inai a iactory was aore ty nuiuii
smoke without any cost for instalatlons
and the $4 bonus to the firemen was
more than returned by the saving of.
But there are many big factories with
small boilers and undersized furnaces,
and they have to be pushed to the limit
to furnish enough heat and steam for
the day's work. It is wih them that
neither the careful fireman nor the
smoke consumer avails to remedy the
situation, and it Is these factories that
are responsible today for the continu
ance of the smoke nuisance. They must
work under a terrific strain all day
long just as a weakling has to work
In keeping up with the moderate ex
ertions of the athlete.
The Real Solution.
But after all, the ultimate solution of
the question does not depend upon the
improvements in present methods of
firing so much as upon entire changes
in the nation-wide methods of convert
ing the sunshine of bygone ages into
the power of today. The really smoke
less town will arrive when our whole
system of power conversion is changed.
Terhaps the first step in that direction
will be the central beat and power
plant The government has found that
it can heat a half dozen big Washing
ton buildings, including the capitol, the
two congressional buildings, and the
library of congress, from one central
nlant much more cheaply than it could
I from a half dozen plants. The steam Is
conveyed through asbestos-nnea pipes
and there is little loss from radiation
and condensation. The same principle
has worked elsewhere, and some think
the engineering practice of the future
will go that way.
But more effective than this is the
producer gas engine. It can use the
lowest grade of coal, even down almost
to mine refuse, and extract about dou
ble the power from It that can be ex
tracted from anthracite through steam
engine practice. It is asserted by those
who have tried the producer gas en
gine that it is fully as reliable and from
200 to 300 percent more efficient than
the steam engine, and that the next
generation will see It almost univer
sally adopted. The United States gov
ernment has made extensi tests of
coal, utilizing 19 different kinds from
11 different states and the average re
sults for them all show the producer
gas engine gets 2.S times as much
power out of a pound of coal as the
steam engine. It is estimated that the
people of the United States spend $1,
500,000.000 for heat, light and power.
Four-fifths of this is used outside of
the homes. With producer gas engines
replacing steam engines a saving of
$400,000,000 a year would be effected.
There ae still others who believe
that the eventual solution of the
smoke problem lies In the suggestion
of sir William Ramsay that we will
simply set coal on ftre down into the
earth, pumping down the necessary
quantities of air fo control the combus
tion, "and thus get unlimited quantities
ot producer gar at negligible cost. This
would be used to generate electricity
for the adjacent cities. Pittsburg. Chi
cago, St. Louis and innumerable other
cities are situated sufficiently nar to
low grade coal deposits to make this
idea feasible from a transmission stand
point. When we consider that the man
who owns a coal mine usually gets 10
cents a ton for fits coal unmined. and
that the other two, three, four, five,
six or even seen dollars a ton rep
resents the costs and profits of mining,
transportation and selling, the advan
tage of the Ramsay idea will readily
naif a Billion Annual Damage.
There is a remarkable unanimity of
opinion among experts as to the cost
of the smoke nuisance to the inhabi
tants of big cities. The estimated dam
age from soot and smoke for the coun
try at large is around $500 000.000 per
year. For the important cities it has
been placed at $17 per capita. Cincin
nati's chief smoke InsDector estimated
the damage there at S100 per family.
,-n- tt thrt .i.,morA for th if ntv . t I
$12 per caiua. wUile l'i lioldsworth j
placed Pittsburg's loss at $20 per
In nearly all the big manufacturing
cities where careful estimates of the
injury done by smoke and soot have
been made, the figures place the money
damages at a higher per capita than
the city taxes. The department of
nuisances of the American "Civic asso
ciation has been very actiye in foster
ing a national sentiment upon the sub
ject. In addition to this there is an
International Association for the Pre
vention of Smoke which seeks to unite
the world-wide efforts to put an end
to the clouds of smoke which deplete
the coal supply, carry dividends out of
smokestacks, increase the cosf of liv
ing, deface the nation's urban, archi
tecture, injure its vegetation, increase
its laundry mils, promote the spread of
disease, and ingenral serve to inflict
tremendous direct and immediate loeses
upon the people.
But foot by foot the fight against the
smoking chimney progresses .and the
major portion of the new instalatlons
of furnaces that are being made in im
portant centers are anti-smoking, and
in many instances old instalatlons are
being remodelled for the principal pur
pose of overcoming smoke. The indi
cations that the age of central power
plants producer gas engines and mine
gas power stations is approaching
tends somewhat to check the remodel
ing of existing plants a striking in
stance of an ultimate good working an
FOE DEEP SEWER
Pipes "Will Be 36 laches, the Largest
Ib the City Line to Go Dena as
Average Depth of IS Feet.
Under the Supervision of city en
gineer Herbert C. Nunn, the under
ground surveys for the $100,004 deep
sewer line, which will be installed as
soon as the money is realised from the
sale of the $150,000 sewer bonds, re
cently voted to be issued, have been
The proposed line is to be laid with
36 inch pipe, being the largest that
has ever been put down in the city. It
was stated that the line would afford
a perfect drainage for all basements
in the city, thus providing absolute
protection from any danger by flood
ing waters following a heavy down
pour. The line as laid out is to run from
Durango street on Second street, be
ing started with a 24 inch pipe. From
Second street to Cotton avenue, a M
inch pipe will be laid. A 300 inch pipe
"will be installed on Cotton avenue
i running on that avenue to Olive street,
j where a 36 inch pipe will be laid from
there to tne aisposai plant in tne vi
cinity of Washington park.
The entire length of the line -will be
17,800 feet, and will be laid at an
nTcncx lieoth of 1C feet. It Is esti
mated that the city will be saved 1
several thousands of dollars by the
elimination of two auxiliary pumping
stations by the instalatJon of the
Mr. Nunn stated Saturday morn
ing that in making the survey, water
was encountered along the enti
route, varying at a depth of from 11
to 12 feet.
DEATHS AND BURIALS
MRS. J. W. WILLOUGHBY.
Mrs. J. W. Willoughby, who at one
lima UvAil in Wl Poon anil txrrifk laavaa
i three daughters residing in this city,
! iIIaj tn nnvar ffiln fhimufav a iha
uv , iu u 4. biiv uu nv wt.u
j died in Denver, Cola. Thursday at the
asre ot 73 years. The body will ba
brought to EI Paso and the funeral will
J oe neld nere Dnt arrangements will
not pg announced until her husband.
who is in east Texas, is heard from.
Surviving the deceased are several
children, of whom four live in HI Paso.
They are Mrs. J. C. Ford. 305 Montana
street; Mrs. W. M. Ford, 606 Gladstone
street, and Mrs. F. E. Osborne, 6 IS North
El Paso street.
JAMBS B. GRIPPING.
James, B. Griffing. sr.. father
James B. Griffing. jr., of the Longwell
Transfer Co., died "Wednesday In Dal
las, aged 94 years. The body was taken
to Fort Smith, Ark., for burial. .Mr.
Griffing was the oldest member of
the First Presbyterian church of Dal
las and had been a Presbyterian all
his life. He was born at Nicholas
ville. Ky.. on July 19, 1818, and lived
there until he grew to be a man, when
he went to Memphis, Tenn. He later
moved to Dallas. Surviving him are
the following children: Mrs. Frank K.
Holmes, Miss Elsie Griffing and Frank
Griffing, of Dallas, and James B. Grif
fing. jr., of El Paso.
PASSB.VGBR MBX OF TIEB
T. & P. TO MBRT IX KL PASO.
Men who represent the passenger
department of the Texas & Pacific
Railroad company in cities outside of
those where the road runs and sev
eral who aro more directly connected
with the operation of the road, will
meet at Dallas, Texas, on November
19. C P. Chilton, division passenger
agent at El Paso, will attend the
meeting. Three months later he will
bring the bunch to El Paso to see how
the city has grown.
TAH is a large tract of reformed
desert land located around the
'' larowt collection of brine in the
world and surrounded by more 'desert on
all sides. When discovered it was very
lonely and was avoided by the coyotes
because of its climate and lack of shade.
But man has improved Utah, until she
blooms with roses and raises enough
grain to feed herself in spite of the fact
that she exceeded the speed limit for
many years -in raising families.
Utah was not intended for human
residence any more than Texas was, but
when the Mormons located there in 1847
the were too tired to go on, and besides
the country had been getting steadily
worse for 500 miles. So they borrowed
all the rivers in the vicinity and turned
them onto the desert. Water a stock
and it will" produce automobiles, private
vachts and congressional investigations.
Water a desert and it will produce bum
per crops. In the spring the Utah
fanner chases a river over his land and
in the summer he piles dust over the
ground and waits for the harvest. Drv
t arming is very successful in Utah, and
is not as exasperating as dry farming
Utah is famous for its Mormons, who
have built great churches and industries,
and" who work together in politics better
than Tammany hall. Politics in Utah
doesn't concern itself with the tariff.
The only issue is the Mormon vote, and
it take! pretty good bait nowadays to
Utah is also famous for its great Salt
Lake, across which the Southern Pacific
lias built the longest bridge in the world.
The state lias handsome mountain
ridge-j. natural bridges, which are tall
cnoiicrh to let the s
inger building pa"
uhJli without raising the draw, and
eJ''"Syr ml I
Mrs. Asbsry Gum is peelim' termaters
at th' cannery tho married. Live so you
kin go t' th' the-ater without making
your neighbor mad.
1A Years Ago To
,T From The Herald Of J
Passenger traffic at this poirt
shows a slight falling off in the last
W. R. Fall went north on the Santa
Fe this morning for a business trip
through New Mexico.
The-Missouri, Kansas & Texas rail
road officials are making a tour of in
spection over that line.
Arthur Wood left for eastern New
Mexico, by way of the Northeastern,
to be absent 10 days or two weeks.
The G. H. passenger track in about
completed and will be a great help
to the switchmen in handling the
W. B. Gibba, superintendent of the
St. Louis United States Copper min
ing properties, is in the city from that
The city clerk today issued a permit
to W. H. Tanner for the erection of
an adobe residence on lot 19 of block
146, Campbell's addition to coat $600.
Commercial agent Alexander, of
the White Oaks route, -was a passen
ger on the outgoing Santa Fe this
morning for White Oaks, New Mex
ico. Joe Wilson went north on the San
ta Fe this morning and took with
him two men to do work on the
bridge gang on the northwestern
branch of the Santa Fe.
The SpoMwr Dramatic company is
.still holding the boards nightly at
th opera house and playing to good
houses. Last night the company pro
duced "A Lawyer's Wedding."
The Campbell Real Estate company
has presented to Isaac Alderete, the
new district clerk, who was in the
employ of the company forsevenyears,
a fine gold watch with a suitable in
scription. The new chemical plant of the G. H.
will be tn operation In a short time.
The pipe lines and carpenter work
have sjx been completed 'and tha
plumbers are at present completing'
their end of the work.
The SI Paso Tennis club is in re
ceipt of a letter- from th Las Cruces
and Agriculturist VoUege clubs, and
they want this club to play a series
of games about the middle of next
month. The visitors wish to bring
six members of their own club down
and play against six of. the El Paso
The county commissioners court
yesterday afternoon fixed the bonds
OT the county officers as follows:
Sheriffs bond, $50M; county clerk.
$5009; constable, $1500; county sur
veyor, $1000; precinct constables,
$500 each, and county judge, $3000.
The salaries of the jail guards were
allowed out of the road and bridge
A SORB SIGN.
A large boarding house caught firs
during dinner wa6 much confusion re
sulted. After the worst was over the land
lady, who was a philosophical soul. re-
marked that it was a blessing that the
fire had not happened at night, as some
life might have been lost
A little later the negro boy, who
beard this, mysteriously called her aside
and cautiously exhibited a great bunch
of dark, tangled hair. "Don't say noth
in Miss Nora." he whispered. "Dis fiah
is worse than it 'pears. One o' dem
ladies in de room ovah de liberry done
got burnt up. I ben up dar to see, an'
I found her hair."
BY GEORGE FITCH,
ka&or Of "At Good 0M Siwsk"
liberal deposits of gold and silver. It
has several great mines and a number
of railroads in good working order, but
not enough to congest it with popula
tion. It has 315,000 people, of whom,
about halt- mur one-tenth of their in
come to the Mormon church and do not;
"Exceeded the speed NmK fer many
years in raising faudnes."
make as much fuss about it as the ordi
nary man when he pavs $11.43 in taxes.
Utah became a state" in 189, at which
time the Mormons agieed to marry with
toderation and restraint. Salt Lake City,
an enormous little city of 100.000 peo
ple, is its capital, and Oeden is the onlv
other settlement visible from a fast
t r.i i n .
(Cop righted by George ilatnew