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AN INDEPENDENT DAILY NEWSPAPER
DEDICA1ED 10 .TUB SERVICE OF THE PEOPLE, THAT HO GOOD CAUSE SHALL
LACK A CHAMPIOK, AND THAT EVIL SHALL HOT THRIVE UNOPPOSED.
H. D. Slater, Editor-in-Chief and centroHiag owner has directed' The Herald for 14 Years;
G. A. Martin is Mews iSitor.
THIRTY-SECOND YEAR OF PUBLICATION
EI PASO HERALD
Editorial and Magazine Page
Wilmarth (owner o 20 percent) Manager: the remaining zs percent is ownea atnontc
IS stockholders who are as rouows: a. t. uapeu. Hw Slr S r 3r A' 7
Mundy, Waters Davis, H. A. True. McGlennon estate, W. T. Payne K. C. Canby. Q. A.
Martin. Felix Martinez. A. L. Sbarpe, and John P. Ramsey.
Monday, November Eighteenth, 1912.
Superior exclusive features and complete sews report tar Associated Frees Leaked Wire ana
1 Special Correspondents cove Ins Arisons. Mew Mexico, west Texas. Mexico. Wash
ington,' &- CL, and New York. . ,
smuEi k ri-miA Vswo Ha Tm -or oi.toi- mviuir of 56 Descent) Prosaocnt: X C
. ohu iu ui& c-w ..-
86 Years LateBut Do It Now
0KTICELL0, where Thomas Jefferson lived and died, must be purchased by
the people of the United States and be created a national monument
The shame of our neglect rests heavily upon each one of us. The history
oi our neglect is a chapter that national pride would prefer to see tera from the
record of onr country. Eighty-six years ago, upon the death of Jefferson, was tne
time the estate should have been purchased by the government and dedicated for
ever to the people. Every day of every year since then has been a new oppor
tunity to do the white thing, the right thing, the decent thing,-and we have done
Have yon ever heard the story of Monticello? The word means little
mountain. The little mountain stands three miles from Charlottesville, Ya., the
seat of the great university which Jefferson founded. Jefferson's people had
owned the 0fi00 aore estate since 1735. Generous to the last degree with bin
money, surrounded by dependents, and busy with public matters, Thomas Jefferson
could not give the great estate the attention it needed. During his term as
president the lands began to go to sale. Upon retiring from the presidency id
1809, Jefferson found himself a comparatively poor man. In the effort to relieve
his embarrassment, he sold most of Iris lands, and finally his splendid library.
All this time he had been pouring money and property into the foundation fnnds
of the university.
Acres that had been numbered by thousands were reduced to a few hundreds.
Ruin was imminent The mansion on the mountain top, where he new lived in
retirement, had been 30 yeses in building, and Jefferson had designed it, super
vised the making of the bricks, .the working of the wood, the carving of the stone;
Jefferson had seen the nails forged in the shop on his -estate; Jefferson had
wrought his very body and blood into the walls of the house there on the crown
of the little mountain overlooking the beautiful valley of the Rivanaa.
So strained had his affairs become, that in his last months he expressed the
fear that he would have to be buried in alien soiL Public subscriptions were taken
up, in the effort to save what was left of the estate. More than half a century
of active public service and almost a dependent on charity at the end.
After his death, July 4, 1826, the crash came. His daughter and only child
was forced to advertise the old home for sale, and the 409 acres and the houses,
all estimated io be worth nominally $71,000, were sold for $7000. Even the grave
of Thomas Jefferson, and the mortal remains of himself, .his ancestors, and his
relatives, passed into private possession; there was a clause in the deed, however,
reserving the family burying ground, 200 yards from the house, to Jefferson's
descendents. So that today, the little burial plot, 100 feet square, is all that re
mains in the Jefferson family out of the 10,000 acre estate of Jefferson's father.
But even so, the grave of Jefferson is in no sense free to public access. Re
peated lawsuits have established the fact that access to the grave may- be en
forced by Jefferson's family descendents, but by no other person. A visitor to
Charlottesville today may approach and look upon the modest tomb of the author
of the declaration of independence and the founder of the university of Virginia,
only by permission from the present owner of Monticello, J. M. Levy of Hew York.
Uriah Levy of New York, father of the present owner, some 15 years after
Jefferson's death and after the property had passed through other hands, had
bought Thomas Jefferson's old home and 218 acres of land surrounding it for $2500.
To such a low ebb had the patriotism of the American people sunk. Hone could
be found to raise a little fnad to buy back Monticello for Jefferson's daughter
Martha, his only child.
Uriah Levy, who died in 1862, by his will left Monticello to the people of the
United States, and named a board of executors to carry out his wish. The execu
tors took the will before congress, and
me government ana trustees appointed to receive tne property.
Relatives ox Uriah Levy attacked the will and the courts declared it void.
Quarrf-ls over the division of the property finally resulted in J. M. Levy, a son,
paying the estate $10,050 for the Jefferson home and the lands immediately sur
rounding it During the long years of litigation and neglect, the place had gone
to ruin. The farm and the park had been destroyed, cabins and shops had fallen
down, trees had died, and to such a state had the home of Jefferson fallen, with
doors and windows gone and roof open to the sky, that cattle were wandering
throngh the rooms at will, and sleeping in the house where once had gathered the
great men of earth, who had honored themselves by visiting the Sage of Monticello
in his retirement
In 1878, attention of congress was called by a New York congressman te the
fact that even the tombstone marking Jefferson's grave had been destreyed, and
that the grave itself, unfenced, was being desecrated by cattle. He proposed an
appropriation of $2500 to erect a monument over the grave on condition that the
owners of the estate deed to the United States a plot 33 feet square around the
grave, and grant to tfc public forever free access thereto. Congressman Cox, in
his speech on that occasion, declared that the inscription which Jefferson had
written and which had once been, graven on a stone marker, had been obliterated,
but that the only authentic copy, in Jefferson's own handwriting, was still pre
served in the family archives. Another speaker told how the unhindered storms
beat into the room where Jefferson died, through sashless windows and broken
roof. Darkness, desolation, and destruction were everywhere about He pleaded
for a $5000 appropriation, and it was made.
Then J. M. Levy wrote the secretary of state that some members of his family
who owned interests in Monticello would on no account accede to the request of
congress; that they "stubbornly refused and would strenuously oppose the erection
of the monument"; that they would not cede any rights to the government or
to any other; thai they reserved full control of the place; and that the grave and
its surroundings belonged absolutely to the private owners of Monticello and not
to Jefferson's heirs.
Sarah Randolph, a descendent of Jefferson, then communicated to the secretary
of state a copy of the original deed, showing that the grave and burying ground
belonged to Jefferson's heirs forever, with right of access to them. However, the
owners still denied right of public access, the courts upheld them, and work on
the monument stopped because the terms of the resolution of congress could net
be complied with.
In 1882, congress appropriated $10,080 to make improvements about the
gTave and erect a suitable monument The resolution passed without any re
quirements upon either owners or heirs; the grave was then permanently marked
with a small stone shaft inscribed with Jefferson's own epitaph, and an iron railing
was erected about the Httle plot The state of things now is that the heirs of
Jefferson own the grave and plot and have undisputed access to same; that;
they have ever been willing to make unrestricted deed to the government; but that
the public has no right of access over the land of the private owner of the estate.
July 15, this year, the senate unanimously passed a resolution providing for
the purchase of Monticello in the name of all the people, if the pnrchase could be
arranged. The house of representatives has set the resolution to be considered
the first week of December immediately upon the convening of congress. What
should have been done 86 years ago, we "have the power to do this year. Congress
should hear from the country in no doubtful terms. Let not another day pass
without moving definitely toward this righteous and patriotic end.
At the business office of the El Paso Herald may be found the draft of a
suitable petition, which is being numerously signed throughout the United States.
As soon as the sheet is filled with signatures, The Herald will forward the petition
to the proper authorities for presentation to congress. Let every patriotic Amer
ican come today and affix his name to this document, and thereby do what he can
to help repair the wrong that has been done to the spirit of liberty and the senti
ment of patriotic veneration through almost a century of shamefHl neglect
The dividends of true friendship
are worth more than those earned by
stocks and bonds.
If dreams came true most of the
crazy stunts would not be staged be
hind the bars of insane asylums.
As soon as a woman marries a man
she begins to discover the flaws In
him that love made her too blind to
Not a few cats must regret that they
liave nine lives.
Most people complain a lot about
purely trivial matters.
Too many men are measured by the
size of their bank rolls.
If you can't speak well of a man say
nothing about him.
(Atchison Globe.) f
We all have trouble remembering !
vtmvilA ,, . 4.v,t ..,.& .... win....
Asking questions is one way to find
out. but not the surest way on earth. j
Estimates, it often happens, are no j
closer than other brands of guesswork. I
Turning state's evidence may lighten j
the punishment but It isn't exactly a I
The bumble bee. you may have ob
served, doesn't make honey in propor
tion to its noise.
While the family horse is slowei
than tfr. oitfn .v. nTiiln i .a14. .........
turtle rtr- Slippnmhc tn nilBrtllroe nr
.,.,.,,.. . ki ""--- i
Sometimes a baby is given such a
beautiful name she never can hope
to lie up to it.
Th'rc seems to be more exceptions
tr tin rules of punctuation than any I
il.r- with t'o possible exception of
ir. oti.i. n Kule.
the bequest was accepted in the name of
Every man is the hero of his pipe
A lot of us couldn't stand prosperity
if we had it
It's up to many reformers to reform
It's tough when a man is asked to
tender his resignation.
It tickles a man's vanity to be re
ferred to as a leading citizen.
And many a man has money on the
brain instead of in his pocket
The woman who does her own house
work generally has a good servant.
Before you can make some men pay
up it is necessary to run them down.
Nejer look a gift horse in the mouth.
Get busy and trade him for a load of
A girl who is more ornamental than
useful can at least keep some fool man
"Do you think I can get any local
color for my story in Philadelphia?"
I asked the novelist "Oh, yes, if blue
laws and red tape make local color,"
' replied the Philadelphia!!.
It isn't everyone who can afford the
pi ice of popularity.
r.lobbs "I wonder what would hap
pen if we should all follow the golden
I rule" Slobbs "Well, for one thine.
. - wJPrs
would all starve to
i "You can reach a moti'd Ha
I through his stomach." quoted the Wise
uuy. v cii. i a nate to be a missionary
aim nave to reacn a cajintbal's that
wa," murmured tne Simnlt- Mutr.
Us .ill upht to Epel: -n f 11 of th"
i th. .i .:
denaturepoem SfflJllDg aiadSingtllg By Waft Mason
READ some sunshine stories advising me to smile, for smiles have charms
and glories that makes them well worth while- 1 held a job of clerking at
Wax Bulger's store, and so, while I was working, I smiled and smiled
some more. Oh, I was always beaming in that great mart of trade; my fangs
were always gleaming, my gums were well displayed. Then' Wax came up and
muttered (he seemed as mad as sin)? "Oh, keep your face a-shuttered! Cot out
that ghastly grin! Our customers are blinded by teeth from ear to ear; a home
for feeble minded they'll think we're running here." And so I started singing as
round the store I sped, and .Bulger soon was flinging steel bootjacks at my head.
"Cut out that silly bawling! When folks come to the Store, they hear yoor cater
wauling, and go, to come no more!" And then 1 tried to whistle; to show how
glad I was, and Wax (who's mostly gristle) just soaked me on the jaws. Those
people optimistic who write, for toiling throngs, their- essays eulogistic of smiles
and cheery songs, they have a noble calling, and they sincerely teach, but they
would find it galling to practice what they preach'.
Clear As Crystal
(By O. W. "Westrea.)
T has become quite a habit with
Crystal to call me her dear old
guardian, and laugh. I do not ob
ject to it strongly. Indeed, to tell the
truth, I cannot find It In me to ob
ject very strongly to any .of Crystal's
little ways. Yet candor urges rqe to
a personal explanation. My age Is ,'
my temperament forbidding, and I am
Crystal's guardian by her courtesy or
merely for my sins, but certainly not
by reason of any legal relationship.
But, though I did not resent her man
ner of addressing me, I thought it
just as well to ignore it
Crystal nestled luxuriously among
her cushions, and gased reflectively at
"A dear, she repeated, apparently
"A disgrace," I murmured mourn
fully. "Old," said she, continuing her in
dictment "To her sex," I added, including
"Why?" asked Crystal, in a high.
clear voice, suddenly raising her eyes.
Now I don't like the word, and I
didn't want to ase K,-but "at the mo
ment I could think of no other.
"Because," I answered, "you are a
first of the moat pronounced and de
"Do you really think I'm that?" she
asked. "I shrugged my shoulders ex
pressively. At least I tried. I am not
very good at it
"Why do you say all this to me?'
she asked. "What does it matter to
you if I am a coquet and all the rest
It was what yon might call a home
"Tou know perfectly well," I an
swered. "No, I don't"
"That I have your interests at
heart" I continued.
Crystal said that everyone who
made objectionable remarks seemed to
have her interests at heart She
wished to know if there was any rea
son why I should have her interests
at heart more than Mr. Huntingdon,
who made one. or Mr. Ascue. who
made two; or Mr. Littleham, who made
three, tr the others.
"There s every reason why 1
should," I answered.
"There Is every reason why you
shouldn't" she retorted petulantly.
It occurred to me that the waters
were becoming slightly troubled. I
didn't want that so I observed, in a
conciliatory manner, that nerhans it
depended on the point of view. The T
I iiiiurn, mnrever, was noc aitogetner 1
a. success, crystal took no notice of it.
Apparently she was deeply interested
in the buckle of her shoe. It was cer
tainly a pretty buckle, and it was
just then reflecting the firelight in a
painstaking and highly agreeable
manner. On the other hand, it was her
own buckle, and she could -watch it
at any time, and
Suddenly she rose.
"I am engaged to be married," she
announced with considerable dramatic
I know that I said calmly.
"Know itr cried Crystal in dismay.
She took refuge among the cushions
'Then to whom am I enearadT' she
"Really" I began.
"You know nothing about it"
"Yes. I 4o."
"Then who is it?"
"Do tell me."
'Th not going to do anything
ilUIVUltHIB, X S&10.
"But you must"
"Because because "
"Because?" I echoed, by way of en
couragement "Because I don't know myself," said
I confess that I had not expected
that The reason had not occurred to
me as probable. I was rather taken
aback. I suppose I showed it
"It's a fact" reiterated Crystal. "I
"You must know," I insisted. "You
can't possibly have become engaged
without knowing it"
But that wasn't it at all.
"I know I'm engaged." she ex
plained, "only I don't know who I'm
engaged to. Now you see?"
"It's quite clear?"
"Clear as as crystay said I.
"But a little awkward," she con
tinued, unkindly ignoring the appro
priateness of my diction.
"A little," I agreed. It did seem
a bit awkward. For a minute I feared
that the solution of the problem was
to be left at the extremely unsatisfac
tory stage which it bad reached, for
Crystal looked at her shoe buckle, and
I looked at Crystal and there was
silence. At last she broke it in a
burst of confidence.
"It was all that horrid telephone."
"Telephone! Now, don't -don't my
dear Crystal, ask me to believe that
you engaged yourself through the
"But I da" she replied. "I do I do
I do! I do ask you to believe it
"Horrible!" I ejaculated.
"It may be horrible," said Crystal,
"but It's a fact for all that You see.
he rang me up."
"Who?" We were coming to the
point again now.
"That's just what I don't know,
guardian dear," said the irritating
"Oh!" I ejaculated blankly.
"But," she continued. "I feel sure it
was er one of them."
"Of the er five?" I suggested.
"Yes," she admitted, and I fancy it
was just then that she blushed, "That's
something, isn't it?"
"It cetrainly narrows the field of
inquiry," I conceded.
"And I've got a clue besides his
voice, yon now."
'It was a horrid voice," said Crystal
"I think that possibly, just possibly,
it was Capt. Corcoran's voice."
"And did you accept him on that ac
count?" "Certainly not. ou stupid," she re
plied, with considerable heat "I never
meant to accept him at all. It was a
mistake. It was that nasty telephone.
It flumed-me it always does. Whin
1 realized what I had done I I
'li.ivlx (1 t'ie telepl in 1 lirl redll
i;j' In, i " noil
'iCum. vnaii-tr, I a0iiLtl.
Tie Herald's Daily
"On second thought" said Crystal,
"perhaps it is some good. It may pre
vent "the -others.'
"Bat you couldn't possibly accept
them all, even on the telephone," I
"I'm not sure," she answered, -with
admirable -seriousness. "Having ac
cepted one. I couldn't very -well refuse
the others, could I?"
I didn't answer. I knew my Crys
tal. She was enjoying herself.
"I wonder," she continued presently
"I wonder why he proposed over the
"Because he is a coward," said I.
"He is nothing of the kind!" She
was up in arms directly.
"A wretched coward," I went on.
"He was afraid to face you, obviously."
Am i so very areaarui, tnenr
She didn't look at all dreadful; she
merely looked delightful. In the s in
terest of truth, I felt it my duty to
mention the fact.
"You musn't say that" said Crys
tal in tones of stern reproof.
I Tentured to inquire why, and she
informed me, unbendingly, that she had
Just been telling me why.
"But, surely," I cried. "Tou don't
mean, fooling apart, to tell me seri
"Yes, I do, she interrupted.
I confess that I felt annoyed. I
hate Corcoran. I thrust my hands deep
in ray pockets and strode up and down
the room, while Crystal sat and gased
into the fire
"It's like Jacob in search of a
father," she murmured.
"Japhet or Jacob, it's all one. I shall
find him in the end." said Crystal.
I resolved to make one last appeal
to her better feelings. I dwelt on the
seriousness of the situation, the im
portance of the step she was so lightly
"I've -promised," was her only com
ment as she looked at the glowing
I pointed out the wickedness of al
lowing so farcical a business as a pro
posal by telephone to influence her
"I've promised," she repeated, with
an aggravating smile.
I said that she might laugh now,
but the time would come when she
would curse yes, curse the day
"I've promised," she reiterated in a
"And now." she continued. "when
you have admitted you are sorry for I
all the silly things you have said. I !
think I would like to go back, guar
"Very well." I answered slowly. "I'm
She walked slowly to the door and
stood there her slim, white tlenre
1 outlined against the crimson portiere.
j "Come," she said.
Crystal's face was f.ushed. and her
eyes were sparkling. . gazed at her
in an agony of indecision. Then I
took the plunge.
"It is I who am a wretched coward."
I "It was I who rang you up on the
J telephone. Don't go, Crystal"
mere was a perfect ripple of joyous
iau,s,hter' which sounded
"Tou, dear, stupid old thing," said
Crystal. "I have known that all the
time. I was wondering how lone it
would take you to confess it"
But she didn't go for all that
Afterward, three thoughts occurred
to me. The first was that if Crystal
knew it all the time, all her assertions
could not possibly have been strlctlv
truthful. The second was that If ail
tier assertions were strictly truthful.
; ivutuu I jivaBiUJj UtLVIS KHOWU 11
all the time. The third, the most Im
portant, was that I really didn't much
mind either -way.
SCOTTISH RITR MASONS
DEDICATE SANTA I?E CATHEDRAL
Santa Fe, N. M.. Nov. IS. Format ex
ercises were held Sunday dedicating
the partially completed $200,000 Ma
sonic cathedral in this city. The dedi-
cation marked the opening of the an- ! jnrnace is urea a jet or steanr is ai
nual Scottish Rite reunion for the val- l lowed to play upon the fire and thus
ley of Santa Fe. Hundreds of members
of the Rite from all the southwest are
The new cathedral, which will re
quire another year to complete, ia mod
elled after the historic Alhambra of
Spain and is said to be the most unique
in the way of architecture .of any like
edifice in the country.
Fire, of unknown origin, resulted In
the complete destruction of the Spanish-American
normal school at SI Rlto,
Rto Arriba county, late Saturday
night The loss amounts to $30,600,
partly covered by insurance. The nor
mal school was established to equip
Spanish-Americans to teach in the ru
ral schools of the state and had an
enrolment exceeding 500. students.
CONFESSES TO MURDER OF BOY.
BOY'S BODY FOUND IN CESS POOL
Buffalo. N. Y Nov. is. f be police
of Lackawanna have received another
letter from the confessed murderer of
little Joseph Josephs, whose decom
posed body was taken from a cess pool
back of a saloon. Like some of the other
letters and postcards received by the
police and George Josephs, father of
the murdered boy, this one asserts that
the writer intends to surrender.
The letter is dated Friday. Nov. 17,
and was mailed in Boston. It is un
signed and the writer asserts his in
tention of giving himself up to the
Lackawanna police Wednesday. The
police place no credence in the promise
of the writer to appear voluntarily.
Mr. Josephs received 10 days ago an
unsigned postcard in the same hand
writing giving revolting details of the
murder of his son.
All letters in the hands .of the police
undoubtedly were written by the same
F. J, GARRETT SBLI.S HIS
INTEREST IN MERCANTILE CO.
Monahans. Tex., Nov. 18. F.J. Gar
rett has sold his interest in the Gar
rett Mercantile company to his nephew,
A. H. Garrett. The former, who has
been in business here for the past six
years, will probably move his family
A. V. Winter has resigned his posi
tion as head salesman with the Gar
rett Mercantile company, and has a
position with E. L. Collings, at Pecos.
Miss Lizzie Garrett, of Midland, is
now employed permanently by the
Garrett Mercantile company, in the ab-
J sence of A. V. Winter, who has moved
Ii- it. Saunders has had an addition
1 .! lit to his residi ire on ! -outh
l'l' i-'u other impro 'iicnis m Mi
1 i - i licirieit is .--u:i1 111 .iiu
i ' iii 11 i neck.
I t . , . ..:: ...
UNCLE SAM ABATES SMOKE IN OWN BUILDINGS
Government Bureaus Demonstrate That Smoke Prevention Is Profitable
Many Devkes to Increase Power Efficiency.
By FREDERIC J. HASKllf.
t-aSHINGTON. D, C.. Nov. 1
hJ Only a few years ago one
v might stand on the streets of
Washington and see dense clouds of
tlack smoke issuing from the chimneys
of the public buildings. Uncle Sam.
after having passed a law abating
smoke, found himself haled before
the bar of justice for having violated
his own law. But today things are
somewhat different Investigations
begun by the geological survey and
continued in an exhaustive manner
by the bureau of mines have demon
strated fully how smoke may be over
come, and Uncle Sam's buildings no
longer help to cover their own white
marble surfaces with grime by con-
tf-ifllltins' tn th tinnllrA nniaanpa
The investigation by the bureau oft
mines coverea ail conouions and cir- I
cumstances relating to the smokeless
combustion of coal In boiler furnaces.
It demonstrated that with proper
equipment efficient labor, and intelli
gent supervision, even the lowest
grades of bituminous coal can be ured
without smoke in both small and large
?lapts. The investigation covered te
ween 400 and 500 plants located in
13 large cities in nins states. Coals
from a large number of states -were
covered by the investigation.
Prevention Is Profitable.
The conclusions feached were that
smoke prevention is at once possible
and profitable, that good apparatus
set under boilers where the principles
of combustion have not been recog
nized are less useful than poor appa
ratus installed with properly built
boilers. It wis found that the tem
perature at tne fire surface is around
2500 degrees Fahrenheit, and that at
the boiler surface around 350 degrees,
and that combustion necessarily is hin
dered unless the distance between the
fire and the boiler is great
enough that the gases are
completely consumed before reach
ing the boiler surface. The
length of time it requires for the gas
to pass from the coal to the boiler
surface in an ordinary furnace is one
second. The investigations further
revealed the fact that the elimination
of the human element by the substi
tution of some mechanical method of
throwing the coal on the fire is always
nroductive of the best results.
When the investigation was being
made the experts, on entering a
city, obtained a list of the plants where
ordinary hand-firing had been dis
continued and mechanical firing sub-
stituted. Smoke observations of their
chimneys were made without the
knowledge of anyone connected with
the plant, the observations covering
periods or rrom one to ten bouts escn.
These were checked up with the smoke
inspector's records. Plants with chain
grates, front feed, and side feed sto-
UUUC1 ICCU UICVIUUU.IU svmv. a uu
sorts of band-fired plants.
Cfcals Graft? a Favorite. I
The chain grate stoker is a favorite in
many factories. It consists of an end
less belt made of iron grates. This
chain of grates revolves aronud two
sets of wheels, one set inside the fur
nace and the other outside. They are
driven by a small engine set to run at
a constant speed. The coal is fed on
the grate through a large hopper
which distributes it evenly over the
surface. There la a fire brick arch
into which the grate passes, and the
grate's movement is so timed that the
coal is entirely burned by the time it
reaches the rear set of wheels. As
the grate chain passes down over
these wheels it dumps the ashes into
the ashpit and moves on around to
bring in a new load of coat
The front feedstoker consists of a hop
per and a reciprocating pusher, which
pushes the coal into the outlying
precincts ef the furnace, where it
comes upon the grates, which are
built with a considerable incline and
placed so as to be mechanically
moved for passing the coal down over
them and the residue on to the ashpit,
it being completely converted Into
ashes by the time the pit is reached.
The underfed mechanical stoker
sends the coal in beneath the burning
material that has preceded it In one
j underfed furnace this is accomplished
ly a cone-snapea wrew, uriveu uy vl
small steam engine, which forces the
coal in under the bed of fire. In
another it is forced in heavy charges
instead of in a continuous supply.
This forces the live coals up and out
ward, and they are caught in a large
chamber where thorough combustion
There are innumerable devices on the
market to promote efficient and non
smoking hand-firing. One of the
earliest of these is the coking furnace,
in which the coal is first deposited at
the front end of the furnace and
gradually pushed back into the hotter
portions as it reacnes tne proper neat.
The front end of the furnace has no
grates in it. but has a dead plate In- ;
The steam jet is a favorite appara
tus by which many hand-fired fur
naces are rendered smokeless. As a
furnace is fired a Jet of steam? is al-
thoroughly mix the air and the gases
in the furnace. Some have asserted
that the steam jet is economical, but
the geological survey found in its ex
periments that it is expensive unless
properly applied, and that even then
it has to take some of the heat that
otherwise might be used in heating
the boilers. The only value of the
steam jet is to prevent smoke. It
adds nothing to the thermal value of
the coal, according to the survey re
ports. DewBdraft Furnaces.
Downdraft furnaces are resorted to
in many, plants to avoid the emission
of smoke. Such a furnace has an
upper grate, sometimes consisting of
water tubes through which the water
going Into the boiler circulates. The
fresh coal is thrown upon these,
whence, after partial burning. It falls
through this grate to a regulation
grate below, where the process of
combustion is completed.
The investigation by the bureau of
mines reveals a surprising number of
central heating plants. It showed 24
such plants in Illinois, 17 in Indiana.
10 in New York, tf in Ohio, and 25 in
Pennslyvania, with 30 others scattered
through the states. Some of these
heating plants have been in commis
sion for a quarter of a century, but
most of them have been placed in
operation in the past decade. They
range in size from 300 to 16,000 horse
power, and the price of the coal used
ranges from $4.60 per short ton in
Montana, to 90 cents per short ton In
Illinois. They have successfully and
economically furnished heat and steam
within a radius of a mile, which, in I
a city would represent some four
hundred ordinary blocks for each plant
It has been suggested that the best
way to run a central heating plant
would be in connection with some
other business where heat has to be
made for other purposes. For instance,
a big factory, needing a great deal
of power for its own operation, might
instal a central heating plant and sell
heat as a by-product. The best prac
tice provides that the heat should be
under automatic control, and for the
metering of the service as a basis of
payment It has been found that flat
steam anil heat rates, like flat light
and water rates, result in wasteful
use. and the meter overcomes this.
Central Plant Solves Problem.
After completing its nn causations
of the smoke qui stion the government
authorities conclude that an ordinal y
hand-fired furnace is bound to smoke
unless hi?h grade eoal be used or it i
i In up in ! I. o pel t ti-, men vnhl
IP' 'I- I .--,11 M l'. r , ,, . I
J, clu.5ii.li la t .i ih.c aiv. iIL.lI-.lius ui
instalations that cannot be remodeled
so as to burn cheap coal, with ordinary
firemen, without creating smoke. The
only remedy for these is to wait until
they cease to exist or to require new
Still another conclusion Is that the
central heating plant is economical to
the user of heat profitable to the
maker of power and heat and a solu
tion of the problem of procuring heat
and power at a reasonable price and
without annoyance from smoke. It is
noted that the Increasing use of coke
from by-product coke plants, in sec
tions where soft coal formerly was
used, the use of gas for domestic pur
poses and the purchase of heat from
central plants, both in the residence
and business districts, all have their
influence in making possible a clean
and comfortable city where "as free as
air" once more takes on its oldtime
meaning and where better health will
The bureau of mines has a large
number of bulletins upon fuel testing
and fuel consumption which it is
anxious to place in the hands of those
who are considering the instalation of
new plants or the remodeling of old
ones. A large advisory board on the
testing of fuels and structural .oa
' terials has been created by the presi
dent to consider with the bureau of
mines the great problem of fuel waste
in the United States. It is estimated.
for instance, that in an ordinary in
candescent electric lamp only one-
seventh of one percent of the heat
value of the coal used in making the
light finds its. way into the light In
Mhr WAMfl it far,a Tftn nnnnHt er
. . . . . -v ,.-.. - ,
coai to yield to you as much iignt as
lies unextracted in one single pound
r of it. The average power plant may
get power equivalent to that in a
single ton of coal by burning ten tons,
and the average railroad engine gei3
the power out of one ton of coal for
every 25 tons it burns.
Tomorrow: "Effect on Healtr and i
Years Age To-
Fran The Herald Of J-
I G. W. Johnson went over the Cen-
' tral yesterday to the City of Mexico.
E. J. Raymond was a passenger this
morning on the Santa Fe for Kansas
Superintendent Martin, of the G. H-,
i went down that line yesterday in a
i ueut R" c Hush anH wif muwd
I through here yesterday evening on the
flyer, bound for Fort Huachuca.
Judge Brack, who has been away
from El Paso for several months, ar
rived on the T. P. today from Mo
Three loads of ore came in for the
smelter from Pueblo, Colo., yesterday
and were transferred to the smelter In
EiE-ht ears of Mexican onnzM came
in over the Mexican Central yesterday
and were shipped to various points out
A strike among the freighters at
Carmen has been set right and there
is a large amount of bullion on hand
ready for shipment
The Campbell Real Estate company,
in consideration of S00, today deeded
to James C. Ronan lots 1 and 2 of
block 258, Campbell's addition.
The pay car, which went north over
the E. P. & N. E. a few days ago to
pay off the workmen on the Ala
mogordo branch, returned yesterday.
loi. pray, special agent of the In-
terior department who has been in
th mit fur nat .- ,.
north over the Santa Fe this morning!
The engineering corps of the E. P.
A N. F, which is locating the main
line, is 45 miles north of Alamogordo
and is forging ahead at a rapid rate.
Ammon Fowler, of New York, who
with his son Isaac Newton -Fowler, is
engaged in taking out ore in the Sierra
Mad re. beyond Casas Grandes, is in
Dr. Charles Race, the city health
officer, this morning appointed Clar
ence M Powell, and "Australian Billy"
Smith to assist him in the vaccination
of the Mexicans in the city.
I tween the nronrietArs nt th TiT-4nn
hotel property and the G. H. Railroad
company as regards the construction of
the scale track and the railroad com
pany has a large force at -work com
pleting the track.
The city council met In regular
weekly session last night with mayor
Magoffin in the chair and all alder
men present The finance committee
was called and chairman Clifford, of
that committee, presented the follow
ing bills: Fasset & Kelly. $881.13; en
gineering department. 32.50; Moon and
ft Robinson, 3.50; O'Neill Waddill.
$20.70. Alderman Clifford moved to
allow the bills and that the clerk be
ordered to draw warrants to cover
same. The special committee on the
purchasing of a new sewer
purcnasing or a new sewer pump
asked for further time. Under the
FEED is the desire of man to get
somewhere else as nearly as pos
sible before he starts.
Nobody heard much about speed until
a hundred years ago. If a man couldn't
run fast enough to suit himself in the
old days, he hired a horse and beyond
that he had no ambitions. Then some
body discovered a method of stuffing a
locomotive boiler full of steam and the
world began to take up speed as a fad.
We now have trains so fast that they
can transport passengers 60 miles across
country and half way up the golden
stairs in an hour's time.
An automobile which only goes a
mile a minute is all banged up in the
rear Irom the fast cars. Automobiles
can now run around a mile track so fast
that the driver is breathing his own dust
ail the time.
A few years ago an aeroplane which
traveled 3o miles an hour was a wonder.
Nowadays it is a poor aeroplane which
cannot run alongside a wild pigeon and
let the aviator stroke its back while in
Fifty years ago people took three
weeks to cross the ocean. Now four and
a half days is considered only fair
traveling and when a steamship is in a
hurry and meets an iceberg it merely
says "toot toot" and bungs away.
Speed has got into all departments of ,
lift. It used to tak .V) years in Thicli !
to Iic happily ec-r ,i tt;'l wards, but j
Mme pouj.le now complete an entire
married lite in si months and average
one romame .t e:ir. The ruan who can't
l'i t iuli in three weeks and six plnnees
i- .1 uki ir I tlii ill. Ml who iln.nl.
-' ' I' iii iii lie- o'.i.i iui. a ut.mu- i0 li.e
I AM Msk
Some fellers fail at ever' thing bi'.t
pickin' out a party necktie. Th' feller
that used f look thro' th' ate family
album while his best girl wnz upbolsterin'
f ex th' opery now smokes cigaretx on th'
-,h- ..i" ?. ,j ,j .,
?"'", Sf i-the dS
; v ??, ? 2"J" LU5'
i -"- . v.. u .,u -,
A turkey for Tuankssrivintr
We'll have to leave the butter off
And eat our bread without it
And learn to dress in overalls
And tow while we're about it
We'll go broke, the banks will burst
There's bound to be a panic;
The nation will be ruined by
j The crops will fail the people starve
And graft go andetected.
i V.'ho am I? Why, I am the man
Who did not get elected.
;ew tore Times.
head of unfinished business, alderman
Clifford brought up the matter of the
electric light contract again. Aldei -man
Badger offered to the council a
recommendation of John Connors i
I the position of state superintendent of
public buildings and ground
ENRAGED MAtf KILLS
CMM Plead With TJaele te Spare Her
Mother Makes Wraetie Ktfert te
Attach Severed Head fe Bedy.
Rawlins. Wyo., Nov. 18. Melv n
Davis. 21 years old, a miner, fired a
rifle shot at his sister, Mrs. Frank
Ryder, as she sought refuge in her
mother's arms, then DUrsutd her into
the yard where he seized an ax an-l
i l one DIw severed ner neaa rro-Ti
"f. 5od-v-, a Jd P"seed o - :noh
' J"CD luicWy formed and by sheriff
i ff'- iwniivm x.u uupuntr;
Daris was caught at the CarL .r.
Tie St Timber company plant sever.i'
miles from here by the sheriff and . .
required the utmost efforts of ti
sheriff to prevent lyncning. With h1
revolver holding back the crowd the
sheriff put his captive on a Union
Pacific motor car and rushed "him here
to the county jail.
The death of Mrs. Ryder leave--motherless
six small children, two o'
whom witnessed the slaying. Befo-.-
tne madman swung his ax, one of th
"u,le, slril,raa 'rwrd crying: "Unci
I Met don t kill imiiwii!' But the word
I wre "af1 out of tne child's mouth
mu last; KJL WUU, nie occspi ia ie-1
body crumpled in a heap. The her
hanging by a thread of flesh, lay it
the girl's feet The child's screa-r-could
be heard for blocks. She
dropped to her knees, making pitiful
attempts to attach her mother's head
to the body.
Mrs. Davis, mother of the man wi
slew his sister, fell in a fain: o
which she has not revived and it is
feared the hock will prove fatal
The bullet which Davis fired narrov -ly
missed both mother and daurh'
A quarrel between brotner, and sis
ter in which Mrs. Davis took i el
daughter's part, is said to have bet i
the cause for the mad rage of i ouhk
MKXBOl K.E POLICE ARE C VLLKD
OUT TO PROTECT .K6ROi
Vancouver. B. C, Nov. 18. A cab!
from Melbourne, Australia, states tha
the police were called out to protect ati
American minstrel troupe on the
streets. A crowd had assembled r -cause
some of the negroes were set .i
walking with white women and onl'
the prompt arrival of the police pre
vented an attack. It is said that the
government may take steps to have th"
minstrels deported as the feeline
against negroes here is intense because
of the Jack Johnson episode at Chicago
wMch has been fully reported
1 tralia. u
AH&or Of "At Geod OH Siwasb"
leisure class. Even learning has -;ic-cumbed
to the speed fascination. Ui
our college heroes wore spectacles anil
delivered orations, but nowaday nnl
a man can do 100 yards in 11 scec
in football clothes, he cannot hope to
live in college history.
Everywhere over" this, broad l.ind
people are riding fast elevators toward
heaven at the rate of 100 stories a min-
"An automobile which only goes a mile
& annate is all banged up m the rear
from the fast cars."
ute and are jrettin;; oiT o- n ipia ies
ami leturning to eartii .a tlio u.l -,ot 16
ffot a second Speed mle- ei-fythin;
except the work on government build
ings and the sedentary, one-egg a dav
lien who ha.-,n't increased her output in
the la.-.t two billion dei idrs.