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ington. D. CL, ana New York. ... - .., .
Published by Herald News Co, Inc.: H. D. Slater f owner or SB percent) PresMent: J. C
Wllmarth (owner o- 2 percent) Manager: the remaining M percent Is owned among
13 stockholders who are as follows. H. . CapeU. H.B. Stevens. J. A. Santa. J. J
Mundy. Waters Davis. H. A. True, McGlennon estate, W. P. Payne. K. C Caaby. G. A.
Martin. Felts Martinez. A. L. Sharpe, and Jonn P. Ramsey.
AN INDEPENDENT DAILY NEWSPAPER
DICA1ED TO THE SERVICE OF THE PEOPLE, THAT' NO GOOD CAUSE SHALL
LACK A CHAMPSOK, AKD THAT EVIL SHALL MOT THRIVE UNOPPOSED.
H. D. Stater, Editor-in-Chief and controlling owner has directed The Heraia for 14 Years;
G. A. Martin is Hews Editor.
EL PASO HERALD
Editorial and Magazine Page
Tuesday, November Nineteenth, 1912.
More Than the
OVER $420,000,000 a year are lost to the farmers of this country and
therefore almost as directly lost to the consumers of farm products
through the ravages of insect pests. And a large part of the loss could
he stopped if the biros which prey on destructive insects were conserved from
Valuable birds are being slaughtered every year by the tens of millions, in
the name of sport, fashion, or alleged market demand.
Up to, now, mast of the conservation of birds that has been enforced by law
has been the result of agitation "by sportsmen who wished to save enough birds to
shoot at each year and a few more to reproduce their Wad. Practically no de
mand has ever come from farmers, who are the most direct losers through the
general destruction of bird life, or from the general public, which loses tbe most,
though indirectly, through the impairment of crops and the consequent higher
pikes for all farm products.
As the birds decrease, the insect pests increase, according to a fixed law of
nature. In a single year, 1900, 2,577,000 acres of wheat were destroyed in Indiana
and Ohio by the Hessian fly. The loss of cereal crops alone through tbe ravages
of insects is estimated by the department of agricultural department to be
$200,000,000 per year.
Other estimates by the department of agriculture, of the annual loss to
farmers through insect pests, which might be largely prevented, through the con
servation of bird life, are: Hay $63,000,000, cotton $60,000,000, truck crops
$53,000,000, fruit $Z7J00OfiOO, farm woodlots $11,000,000.
The codling moth and other apple pests cost growers over $8,000,000 a year
for spraying and $12,000,000 more in loss of apple crop. Tbe chinch bug in wheat
costs $20,000,000 a year. The cotton boll weevil costs $20,000,000 a year. Grass
hoppers, cutworms, army worms, and the other insects that destroy growing crops
make up the overwhelming total of $420,000,000 annual loss to farmers through
tbe bugs that tbe birds would to a large extent destroy if they were let live.
One hundred and fifty-four species of birds are legally classed as game birds,
yet many of these feed upon noxious insects and would be of immense value to
agriculture if allowed to multiply. Most of the songbirds live on insects and are
direct friends of the farmer. Host of the birds of brHUant plumage that are shot
to decorate women's hats are valuable as insect destroyers. In a single small
Louisiana parish 10,000 robins a day are wantonly slaughtered during the shooting
season, which lasts several weeks. In seven states all in the -south by the way
robins are regularly slaughtered for food or wantonly for "sport." Yet their food
is 40 percent noxious insect pests. In more than half the states, doves may be
legally slaughtered. The bobwhite snail lives chiefly on the seeds of noxious
weeds and pirate grasses, having so equal in respect to his beneficent riddance
of cultivated areas from destructive growths. Yet iH practically every state the
species is allowed to be shot as "game," and in some states the quail is already
The tiny purple martin) a member of the swallow family, lives almost entirely
on destructive insects, and is one of the most valuable of all birds to the cotton
planter and tbe farmer. Yet be is allowed by law in many southern states to be
shot for food, and the species is being rapidly exterminated. The nighthawk f eeda
exclusively on insects, but it is being exterminated by sportsmen. The loggerhead
shrike is probably the champion of all the pest destroyers, 87 percent of its food
being noxious insects and destructive rodents. The golden woodpecker makes 55
percent of its food of insects that destroy the trees of forests and orchards. Yet
this bird is being shot and eaten in many states.
Bilk for the protection of migratory game birds have been dragging along
in congress for many years without success. Now a bill is before the senate to
protect all migratory birds which feed chiefly on insects. The .bill should by all
means pass, as it is the only measure that is framed ts meet treaLneed of the
situation. Tbe migrataqr bfrds move thousands of miles-in seasnTaad cover
dozens of states. State laws cannot reach the problem; especially since some states
are so slow about awakening to the danger of imminent extinction of many
The Referendum Again
TO WHAT extremes of absurdity the "initiative and referendum" particularly
the latter can go in practice is well illustrated by tbe submitting to the
people of Oregon, under the referendum act, of a bill passed by the last
legislature carrying the following title: "An act to provide for a uniform per
centage in the relationship of the classification ratings, to provide for the estab
lishment of minimum carload rates, to fix the maximum rate on the basis of the
less than carload rate of the article, and the minimum carload rate that may be
charged on carload shipments of property, the rate upon which the carload rates
shall be compiled, and prescribing penalties for the violation of the act." Among
other things, the bill provides that when the minimum carload weight is less
than 20,000 lbs. the carload rate shall not exceed 70 percent of the less than car
load rate; when between 20,000 and 30,000 lbs, 59 percent of tbe L. C. L. rate;
when between 30,000 and 40,000 lbs., 50 percent, and when between 40,000 and
50,000 lbs, 42 percent
The state railway commission tried hard to defeat the bill, declaring that it
was class legislation of the rankest kind, benefiting solely the big shippers and
wholesale and jobbing interests, and being directed against the distributor.
Though the bfll would have advanced some rates, the railways fought it be
cause they objected to establishing any rule of rate making that took only tbe
weight factor into consideration.
Since the railroads were agin the bill, the peanut politicians were of course for
it, and enough voters went after the peanuts to adopt the bilL The Portland
Oregonian, a conservative but progressive paper says, "The phases and extent of
the bfll were beyond the comprehension of even railroad men and rate experts, and
could not "have been understood by the people."
The steady pressure brought to bear through state legislatures to reduce the
revenues of railroads and at tbe same time to increase the cost of operating them,
can have only one effect to discourage railway building in the states dominated
by the radical element of narrow vision.
Woodrow Wilson walks among the
roses comes after tbe fourth of March; some time after.
It has been definitely established that the CQnanksgiving proclamation was
written before the late election. Therefore its sincerity is not to be questioned.
Impatience is the father of ineffi
ciency. Truth is stranger than fiction and
People are always doing things they
would condemn in others.
If a man and wife- are one It is be
cause they are tied for first place.
A listener may hear good of himself
after talking into a phonograph.
And a tricky man. like a worn-out
deck of cards, is bard to deal with.
No mater how young you are. you
are probably old enough to know bet
ter When a woman shrugs her shoulders
at the mention of another woman's i
name it s a sign she can tell some
thing. When a man tells j ou that his word
is as good as his bond it doesn't ne
cessarily imply that hfs bond is any
There is a difference between eionver- j
sation and ironolog that some gushers
fail to grasp.
As one grows older, he would hate
to live in a country where it snowei'
enough to suit a bo
It Is our theory that speeches seldom
are sufficiently important to warrant
pnntliie- them in book form
Wofru n are this sensible. Skirts one
sees on the streets are rarelj as tight
as those outlined in the fashion magt ,
T kick a good deal, but ont so much
s I used to before finding out how j
v r little it was apt to help matters" i
Total Tariff Tax
lilies today m Bermuda.
The bed of
Some people are considered wise by
their utterances bit nauy more by
The farmer never is able to figure
out why the city man is able to stay
awake after 9 oclo.'k.
If women had to shave, evenin par
ties would not begin until two hours
later than they do.
You can't make a college rah-rah boy
believe that some day he will have bags
in the knees of his trousers
The more a man knows about one
thing- the less he knows about others.
Men make fun of gossipy women, but
thev loie to talk to them
Pooiet is an, exhibition of good
clothes, polished manners and a broad
expanse of back and sh-mlders.
Ql AKEIt MEDITATIONS.
Truth wins in the long run. .Lies are
Every cloud may have a silver lining,
but the trouble Is they are so far away.
The coal dealer does his business ex
clusively with people who have money
It isn't till he swears of that the av
erage man knows enough to get In out
of the wet.
.t the age of 16 you can never tell
w nether a girl is suf ering from ma
Iji la or is merelv in love
Monev makes the mare go If you
bi l on her she usually can be depended
upon to run away with It
"AH roads lead to Rome," quoted the
Wise Gu ' Well, I don't see that
Rome has an thins; on Reno,' addd
the Simple Mug
OH, NOW the vanquished statesman kicks and murmurs while the victoi
sings; but let's forget stale politics, and try to think of helpful things.
If any man rears up and tries to thrash the threadbare issues o'er, lefs
biff him once betwixt the eyes and take him home upon a door. The land the
dippy eagle guards without our efforts can make good; lefs take the tin cans
from the yards, and bank the house, and whack jip wood. Let's see the kids
have decent rags when to the school house they parade; our old palladiums and
flags and bulwarks do not need our aid. Let's fill our homes with true delight
and see the wives and children laugh, while Freedom on her mountaki height is
sitting for a photograph. Let's help the wife who daily slaves- among her tubs
and pots and pans, the while the spangled banner waves above a crowd of also
rans. Let's quit this thing of talking big of Vital Themes and Peepul's woes, and
give some bedding to the pig, afad put away the garden hose. Oh, let us for a while
be sane and fix the porch and mend the pump, and let the musty old campaign
lie dead and rotting at the dump.
By F. St Mars.
THE animal was a polecat, a
beast looking very much like a
very large, very dark ferret,
which in fact it is, being being the
wild ancestor or the domesticated
ferret. It was or he was, to be cor
rect very low and long, with a bushy
tail and a flat, cruel head, and suet
absurdly short, though strong, legs
that when he ran he had to gallop
and arch his back. He was a very
bloodthirsty member of the wild, and
very plucky, and it almost seemed as
is nature had made up her mind that
he could not be mistaken for any
other and more gentle creature, be
cause he carried about with him an
odor which was simply awful the
sort of smell that you don't forget.
And that was why he had been given,
also the name of the "foul-mart."
The polecat passed on downhill.
Most of the wild hunters are very ac
tive, but the polecat is untiring, per
severing, dogged rather than active.
I suppose this is why he missed his
final rush at a hare an hour later,
after a fine stalk, and also his spring
at a beautiful lyre tailed black cock
roosting on a low bough half an hour
later than that.
Finally he came upon a stream. He
had Indeed left the Mors above
him and come to -a muddy pool, where
he waited, standing in the shallows
and shade out of the glare of the
He had not been there Ions, keep
ing quite motionless the while, before
noises began to be heard. They re
sembled the sound made by a walking
stick being poked into the mud and
withdrawn again. It was the sound
made by eels poking their heads into
the mud round the edge of the pool
after worms, in actual fact.
Slowly they came nearer. Tou
could see the water bubble where the
snaky heads glided. The polecat did
not move. He waited with eyes grow
ing red as is the custom with his
tribe when they grow angry or excited
and suddenly he pounced.
Now the polecat had meant to
pounce on an eel, but even as his feet
cleared the surface of the water a
sound on the bank above caught his
quick ears. It was the loud snap of
a twig. Instantly,- -and actually in
mldleap, the poYecai twisted himself
In the air, and, landing on the bank,
sideways, instead of on the eel for
ward, as he had first intended to do,
darted into the shadows.
At the same instant there was apurt
of flame among the trees close by an!
a thunderous report, and a charge of
No. 3 shot churned the water up into
foam Just exactly at the spot where
the polecat had been -a momen or
less than a moment before.
Then a man's figure came out in
the moonlight, stared for a minute or
two hard at the 'water, and passed
on. It was the water bailiff, who
thought he had fired at an otter.
i EXCITEMENT OVER
A MISSING MAN
Patasenta Miners Are Searching Fr
Canadian AVho Went OHt Prospect
ing and Failed to Return.
Patagonia, Ariz Nov. 19. Mystery
attends the sudden disappearance of
T. C. Joslin. a mining man whe came
to Patagonia a few days ago from the
east Joslin claimed to have been con
nected with prominent Canadian min
ing people and said that he had made
a stake In the Porcupine rush about
two years ago and that after the fire
he lost considerable money, but man
aged to get some of it back after a
second strike of gold near Porcupine.
When he left Canada he came to
Douglas and Nacozari and stayed a few
days, intending to fit out a party and
go on a trip up the Taqui river to look
for some gold. While in Nacozari he
learned of the unsettled conditions in
the interior and concluded to abandon
When in Nacozari he got word from
Canada to come to Patagonia and look
over the country with a view of getting
hold of some silver-copper properties.
He reached here last Tuesday and met
a number of mining men in the district
and seemed well pleased. He stated to
several that he believed he would stay
here for some time.
On Thursday morning, Joslin took
his prospecting pick, and in his shirt
sleeves started out across the country
to look at some nearby claims He was
last seen at the Brash apple orchard
about two miles from Patagonia, where
he stopped and talked with Mr. and
Mrs. Brash and told them that he was
going to cut across to "the high peak,"
northeast of the Brash home. Since
then, all trace of Joslin has been lost
Saturday a number of mining men
met at the Commercial hotel and
searching parties were started out
five men on horseback went to the
different miners' cabins within a dis
tance of 10 miles of Patagonia but
none could remember seeing anyone
answering the description of Joslin.
On Sunday every available man around
Patagonia started out to make a care
ful search of the surrounding country
and for some trace of the Canadian.
"I fear Joslin has come to some mis
fortune," said Col. R. R. Richardson,
who was one of the first to start a
party out for the missing man. The
last I saw of htm was he was heading
for Big Mountain, and I know that is
the roughest section in our whole
district and unless one is familiar with
the country, he is likely to meet with
an accident it would be an easy
matter to slip or fall 200 feet into one
of the gulches and either be killed or
so badly hurt that he would not be
able to help himself.
R. L. Harrun. of Kansas City, headed
another party scouring the country try
ing to locate Joslin Mr Harrun sent
riders up to the World's Fair camp, to
Harshaw and Washington camp to try
and find some trace of the lost mining
Prom all appearances Joslin was a
man of considerable travel and mining
experience and made a good many
acquaintances during his short stay in
Patagonia. He was a talented musi
cian. He evidently came to stay some
time as he brought a large trunk,
valise and traveling bag and a large
number of mining and geological
HVD PLEASANT HLT.
Mr and Mrs Mark Gibson and son
Vyron have returned from a 17 ela
emp ind hunt in the Black, lanije, ;
New Momco Thev had plntv of
gdiri'' and al a nice trip J
After the Trouble By Walt Mason
The Herald's Daily
As for the polecat, he raced off
along a hedge, and did not stop until
he was some 700 yards away. Then
he stopped very suddenly, because
the dimly discernible form of a rabbit,
racing in from the field without, had
bounced clean into him, knocking him
and itself, kicking over and over.
The rabbit picked itself up in a
flash, and shot away up a rabbit tun
nel that ran through the tangled
herbage. But the polecat had no time
to attend to the offender. Something
else was following hard on the rab
bit's heels, and the polecat had
barely time to fling himself sideways
before that something came blunder
ing in upon him.
The creature was very excited over
the chase, and I suppose the change
from the moonlit field to the inky
black hedge deceived it. Anyway, Its
whiskers brushed the polecat's tail
as he slithered out of the way. and
perhaps it thought he was the rabbit.
Quick as lightning it struck with
bared claws, and Inflicted a gridiron
red tear two inches long across the
New polecats are bloodthirsty bri
gands and murderers, but they are no
cowards. In an instant the polecat
had turned on himself and buried his
fangs in the other beast's throat, and
the yelling, the spitting and swearing
which followed made it quite dear
what that other animal was. Only a
cat could make those unearthly
That fight lasted 35 seconds. To
judge by the scuffling, it was fairly
fast. Then the cat went away. I
think he was glad to go, because he
ran as fast as he could.
About IS minutes later something
long and low and dark crossed quick
ly the open space of moonlight be
tween two corn ricks in a farmyard
not far distant It was the polecat
He was looking for the fowl house,
and Dresently found it This cannot
! hare been the first fowl house he had
Investigated, I think, because he
soon found his way in at the small
entrance used by the fowls.
Then that polecat went mad with
the lust of slaughter. He killed not
one fowl, but as many as he could.
He was racing about slaying all he
saw, like a jrd beast when -suddenly
the door ffew open and he fetenped.
The report or tne gun was terri
fic. The polecat seemed to be sud
I denly swept from his feet, and, drop
ping in a crumpiou. neaa. jay sun.
Ah J" said the farmer. "Til teach
-ee!" He .turned to fasten back the
door, which the wind had blown shut
and when he turned again the pole
cat was gone. Tou see, it is tricky
work shooting with a lantern, and
the polecat had jumped just as the
farmer pulled the trigger. He was
onlv grazed and for the rest he had
si reply leigneu oevir. as uicinurra ui
his tribe often do.
BY MAKING- ESCAPE
Eoyheed Friend of Sheriff Was Allovted
To Go Vshnndcugcd and Leaven
While Officer Sleeps.
Tucumcari. N. M, Nov. 19. Ike Sales,
sheriff of Norman. Oklahoma, has re
ported to local peace officers that a
prisoner by the name of Akins, whom
he was bringing on requisition from
Los Angeles on the charge of obtain
ing money under false pretences, had
made his escape somewhere between
Tucumcari and Vega. Texas, 40 miles
west of Amarillo. It is said that the
man under arrest was a boyhood chum
of the officer and as lie had his 'Wife
with him he was not handcuffed, in or
der to spare him this further humilia
tion, it being believed that he would not
attempt escape. When his custodian
ciorped asleep, the prisoner, it is said,
Word has been received here of the
man. age at Jacksonville. Tenn., on
Nov. 12, of H. S. Walton, chief clerk in
the dispatcher's office of the K. P. &
S. W. in Tucumcari. and Miss Texie
Hodges, daughter of ex-county commis
sioner of this county, J. M. Hodges.
Bert Yost and W. L. Powell, both of
whom run pool and billiard halls in this
city, have combined their businesses
and will occupy the building on West
Main street formerly owned by A. R
Carter and recently purchased by J. R
Wasson The building, to, which an
addition is being added this week, will
have a main hall 130 feet deep lighted
by windows and skylights. About 20
tables will be installed.
William Troop Is moving his coal
and grain business from the former
stand on Railway avenue to the build
ing formerly occupied by the City
livery on the corner of Main and First
streets Part of the building will be
used by the Dodson dray company.
GOLD AND CRKDIT INFLATION
CYVSK OF HIGH COST OF LIVING.
Xew York. Nov. 19. Professor Irvla
Fisher of Tale university told the
members of the New York Manufac
turers association in Brooklyn that the
high cost of living was due primarily
to what he termed gold inflation and
"As these two influences, gold and
credit, are closely related," said the
political economist "we may unite
them in the one word Inflation.
"The weight of the gold dollar re
mains fixed but its value of purchas
ing power does not To bj so careful
about the size of the gold dollar and
so indifferent to its purchasing power
is as absurd as it would be to stipulate
carefully to the size of the package
containing breakfast cereals, but to
take no notice of how mueh cereal it
"During the last fifteen years al
though the gold doliar has remained
the same in size its purchasing power
has fallen to t'io thirds of the dollar
of 15 veais ago
SVY MUSICIANS SLOW
IN RECORDING BIRTHS.
That El Paso physicians are responsi
ble for the dilatory recording of births,
was the statement of the officials of
the otv healh department. Mondav the
birth of a child on August 1 was re
corded, over three months after the
time Instances have been known it
was stated where the child walked in
to the office with its parents to wit
ness the recording of its birth Births,
the health officers say, should be re
i nr.U 1 i oon as possible as it assists
them lr k. pin?: the records posted up
SMOKE IS CAUSE OF THOUSANDS OF- DEATHS
London Authoritie3 Attribute Much of Famous Fogs to Heavy Clouds of
Smoke Soot From Factory Stacks Kills Vegetation.
By FREDERIC J. HASKLW.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Nov. 19.
The harmful effects of smoke
on health, vegetation, and
weather are abundantly proved by ex
perience both in America and Europe.
When the great Pensylvania anthracite
cial strike was on, and many parts of
the country were forced to substitute
soft for hard coal, cases of suspected
lung disease increased with the In
creased use of bituminous coal, and
after the settlement of the strike and
the return to anthracite, they decreased
again in proportion to the change from
bituminous to bard coaL
Cities where soft coal is burned in
large quantities, on both sides of the
Atlantic, bear witness to the harmful
effects of smoke upon health by show
ing abnormal death rates from 'ung
and bronchial diseases. So often im
permeable to the health-giving ultra
viloet rays of light which are nature's
most efficient germicide, the smoke
palls not only destroy health by filling
the lungs with soot, but by allowing
myriads of germs to flourish where
they might be killed could the sun
beams reach the earth.
Pegs Iaereate Death Rate.
For instance, it has been demons
trated that the germ of tuberculosis
dies much more quickly when the sun
gets a fair chance at it than when it is
held in check by smoke. London au
thorities attribute much of the famous
London fogs to the heavy clouds of
black smoke that hang over the city,
and it always has been noticed that
when these great fogs come the death
rate goes up. During one famous fog
more than 3000 people were added to
the usual death list in three weeks, and
it was estimated that there were 30.
000 new cases of sickness.
A test was made by the English rae
terological bureau with a series of
burning glasses, and it was found th.it
nearly seven-eighths of the sun's power
was shut out in the manufacturing dis
trict and five-eighths in Westminster.
The average distance that objects could
be seen from tbe summit of St. Paul's or
Westminster palace tower during the
winter months was reported by the
same bureau to be less than half a mile.
It was also demonstrated that tubercu
lar disease increased heavily with the
rise of Manchester as a factory city.
How Saeke Causes Peg.
The method by which smoke causes
fog is an interesting natural phenom
enon. The nucleus of eTery tiny drop
let of water is. of course, a tiny speck
of dust This little droplet in a smoky
region, floating along on the atmos
phere, gradually becomes coated with
a minute film of sooty tar. This coat
ing servies to retard evaporation, and
hence causes the fog much longer than
it would If It were simply a fog made
up of uncoated particles of moisture.
Because the heavy clouds of smoke
above the fog hold back the rays of
the sun. they have a much more limit
ed power to attack and disperse the
fog. Careful tests have served to give
some idea of how much the sun's power
of, fog dispersion is weakened by the
presence o a smoke pall.
A test was made at Leeds a few
years ago i which it was demon-'-trster
that ui ung a calendar year
the si'n was vein ng in the heart of
;h- c.ty for a t tal of 1167 hours. Four
nn'.es away, at Add. another sunshine
recorder wrs registering the hoars of
sunshine, and lhv totaled 1402. In
other words, down town in Leeds there
was 17 percent less sunshine than only
four miles away.
Smoke Kills Vegetation.
The presence of smoke in large
quantities has been shown to kill vege
tation almost as completely as the
cyanide fumes from a smelter. In
smaller quantities it has a retarding
effect upon plant development It gets
in its deadl:, work in three different
ways. In the first p'ace, the soot gets
irto the por- of the plant and stops
them up l.ke r coat of shellac would
stop the pores ft the human body The
soot ca-nes v, ith it a deposit of tar
that will .not let go its hold on the
leaves and items of plants even in a
dicnchiu rani, and if tbe majority of
r plant's ports, v ere not on the under
side of the leaves it would have small
chance of sirviing the attack of soot
! end tar.
This coating serves to obstruct
' many of the ras of sunlight that come
to a plant, ard also to check the as
1 slmilation of carbon dioxide. The
j plant Is thus forced actually to live in
i a sort of twilight. In the third place
soot affects the growth of plants
through the acid it contains. This acid
not only exercises a detrimental in
fluence upon the pint through Its
leaves, but also through the reducea
fermentation of the soil humus, and at
the same time by reducing the activi
ties of the nitrifving and nitrogen
fixing orsan!sm3 of the plant. In
other words, it cuts down the food
uppl of the plant and at the same
time its ability to utilize it.
Entcnslxe experiments by the Univer-
i sity of Leeds sbow how harmful smoke
is to plants At one place tne sonas
deposited amounted to 147 pounds to
the acre, and the weight of lettuce on
a small place amounted to 140 grams,
while at another place, with 1505
pounds of soot and other, solids de
posited per acre, the yield of lettuce
on an Identical plat amounted to only
44 grams Experiments In other locali
ties between these two extremes dem
onstrated a pronounced relation be
tween smoke and crop yield, in every
instance the crop vield decreasing as
the amount of smoke in the air in
creased. As the ground plats were
identical as to soil, time, care and all
other conditions except the quantity
of smoke, the exper.ments prove an
unexpectedly heavy toll is levied by
smoke upon crop yields. The same re
sults were shown with experimental
plots of radishes.
Affected Area Is Large.
The area that may be affected by a
city's smoke is large. It has been
shown that soot is frequently deposited
upon leaves 60 miles from a citv s
center. When we consider how many
of a cltv's truck farms are located
within that radius, and how destruc
tive to growing vegetables the Leeds
experiments prove smoke to be. it will
be seen that here is another factor in
the high cost of living not to be over
looked. Rollo Russell. London's ex
pert on smoke and fogs, declares that
the area of smut from London's smoke
reaches 40 miles in every direction. He
declares that when the wind switches
to the southwest by noting the veloc
ity with which it blows, he can tell
just when to expect the London smoke
to arrive at Richmond. He notes that
the moors of Derbyshire are dirty to
.sit down upon, and the sheep invar
iably have smoke begrimed fleece. Mr.
Russell places London's smoke tax at
upward of $5,000,000 a year, of which
he assigns $1,500,000 to death, disease
and lowered working capacity.
It has been found that smoke laden
air contains much sulphuric acid. An
analysis of Manchester air showed 50
times as much of this deadly poison as
was found in the air of a country
plate in Surrv. Dr Rldeal estimated
that over a half million tons of sul
phuric acid is sent into the air by Lon
don furnaces every year.
Tea Millies for Laundry Bills.
It has been estimated that the smoke
pall over London causes an annual ex
tra laundry and clean clothes bill of
more than $10,000,000, the cost being
apportioned between the cleansing
operations and wear and tear This,
with the constant inclination of the
perp'e to forg.t that cleanliness is
next to godliness because of the smut
thev cannot escape is reflected in the
health conditions that obtain
Household smoke does not affect the
sum total of th, smoke nuisance to
un Tppreci il-b ili-er.e In the lust
place, less than one fifth of all tbe
coal used in tbe United States is con
sumed in household grates, stoves and
furnaces. In the second place, it Is
seldom burned under forced draughts,
and it therefore gives off comparative
ly little black smoke. In tbe third
place in the rural districts and In
cities of less than 50,000 population
the amount of smoke given off is not
enough to clog the atmosphere, but
permits itself to be dispersed by the
slight breezes that nearly always
The Health of Pittsburg.
While admittedly the effect of
smoke upon vegetation and health is
harmful, it is prftbable that these con
siderations are the least assertive in
the campaign against the smoke
nuisance. Although residents of the
Pittsburg district have frequently
been known to get rid of hacking
coughs during visits outside of the
smoke area, it seems certain that when
Pittsburg becomes a "smokeless city"
other arguments will have weighed
more in making it so than the health
argument. The University of Pitts
burg investigations into the abolition
of smoke will include these phases of
the problem, however, and it is ex
pecting to bring to l-;nt many new and
convincing facts whv the smoke nuis
ance should be abated for the sake of
health and vegetation.
The hope of many who are pressing
the smoke abatement crusade is that
when it succeeds in a great city like
Pittsburg or St Louis. H will so in
crease the productivity of the truck
farm area surrounding those cities that
the cost of vegetables may be ma
terially reduced. This may be a some
what delusive hope, however, as Is
shown by the fact that today apples
of the finest quality are being sold by
farmers within 150 miles of Washing
ton for one dollar a barret while ap
ples not so good are being sold to
Washington consumers for $1 a bushel
three times as much. Of course the
abatement of smoke can never narrow
the great gap which exists between
producers' prices and consumers'
Tomorrow Controling the Smoke
Years Ago To-
From Tbe HeratA Of
This Dale 1898
Charles W. Baine came in this morn
ing on the Santa Fe from Socorro,
The advance agent of the "Flnne
gan's Ball" company arrived on the
a P. today.
Tom Dunn arrived on the Saata. Fe
this morning from a short hunting
trip up the road.
Several new freight ears went over
the river today for use on the Chi
huahua & Pacific.
Two loaded freight cars Jumped the
track in the G. H. yards yesterday, bwt
were quickly replaced.
Mr. Goodman, of the El Paso grocery
firm, came in on the T. P. this morn
ing from St Louis and other eastern
J. A. Happer. of the United States
boundary commission, arrived on the
Santa Fe this morning from Wash
ington. D. C.
This is the season of the year when
the G. H takes stock of its tools on
hand. Maj. Bill Truscott has been
assigned this duty.
H. R Ayere, formerly representing
Fraser, Chalmers & Co.. in this city,
came in on the Santa Fe yesterday, ac
companied by 'his wife.
A great many of the G. H. boys have
announced their determination of go
ing hunting tomorrow. They claim
that "this is good weather for ducks.-
Wheels for the two logging cars of
the E. P. & N. H, which have been in
the Santa Fe yards for some time past
arrived yesterday and were placed "o
The city clerk today issued a per
mit to Fred S Thompson for the erec
tion of an adobe barn on lots 15 and
16. of block 32, of Morehead's addition.
The cost to be $75
Four cars of Mexican oranges came
in over the Central yesterdaj. The
country is receiving a great many of
these oranges this jear and they are
of a good quality.
Col. Stevenson, owner of the famous
Organ mines of New Mexico, was a
passenger this morning on the Santa
Fe for Organ, N M from which point
he will go out to his mining property.
The officials of the Kl Paso North
eastern roid will run an excursion
OTer their line next Thursday, Thanks
giving day, to Alamogordo. The El
Paso team will play the crack Ala
mogordo team and a good game is ex
pected. Sergt Noblitt. who has Just re
turned from Manila, brought with him
a great many souvenirs and relics of
the islands. One of the nicest presents
he brought was a Spanish officer's
sword which was captured at the tak
ing of Manila.
Modem Inventions BY GEORGE FHCH,
UMBRELLAS of "At go m smor
V X umbrella is. a circulating me
i dium which passes from hand to
- hand like money.
Umbrellas are designed to keep the
rain off of the wearer's hat and deposit
it on his shoulders. They are made of
cloth stretched tightly over steel ribs.
The rib is the umbrella's vital point A
man may break a rib or even have it
shot avvay and still live to become presi
dent, but when an umbrella breaks a rib
it is good only to lend to a personal
Umbrellas are so made hat they can
be opened and closed with great ease
except when the owner is trying to get
into or out of a street car. When an
umbrella is brought into the house it
is folded up neatly and stood iri a cor
ner to dram. On a wet day esoqgh
water is carried into the houses of this
nation by umbrellas to fQl the big lock
of the Panama canal.
Umbrellas were invented in England
many years ago and when the first um
brella on ner appeared on the streets he
was stoned by the indignant populace
which foresaw the trouble it was going
to have keeping its eyes free from the
noxious things in bad weather.
Wearing an umbrella requires as much
skill as tacking a ship in a heavy wind.
An expei lenccd navigator can carry a
large umbrella through a gale of vind
and rain successfully but the green hand
is compelled to puh it before him and
mow down pedestrians in rons.
Umbrellas are made in great variety
and number- but their cost is un
knon t'i ii' people pav tor um
Cross hatched elbows have been called
in. Just because his wife don't chew cr
smoke th average husband can't tinder -stand
why she should want any money.
LEASES HALL BANCH "
"IN DONA ANA COUNTY
Tern Love, of Sierra Biases, Sella 400
Fat Steers to Nevada Pack-
O. S. Martin, who owns' a ranch a
Bailey, in Stevens county, Texas. m
leased the F. N. Hall ranch in Don
Ana county, N. M.. 60 miles north
west of XI Paso. F. C. Williams, h
foreman, is here to look after th
transfer and takes possession of t
property on December 1. The ranch
property is now leased by W. P
Love. It contains about 1100 head of
ca4tle, 50 head of horses and com
prises between 406 and 500 acres o;
Love SeXs Steers.
Tom Love, of Sierra Blanca, T
has sold to the Nevada Packing com
paay 40 fat steers. These deals were
made through D. F. White & com par.
A. I. Boyd has brought to El Pa
I through Columbus, N. ML, 2200 head :
Mack mnley cattle frees the Bo -ranch,
near Caaas Graaaes.
LOCAL MEN TO
J. D. Wollett of Las Cruces, Mr and
Mrs. E. A. Fullen, of El Paso, and fou
engineers. will leave El Paso Tuesda
night for Lima. Peru. There a large
tunnel is to be built and Mr. Fullen
Is to do the construction work
American capital is now going to
South America as a result of tbe un
rest in Mexico and during the past
week, 10 engineers have left El Pas
for points in South America, wher?
they are to be employed on various
ABE VEBY SLOW
Austin. Texas, Nov. X. In a state
ment made today acting secretary of
state Gregg urges upon the cout
judges of Texas to promptly make re
turns of the recent election for presi
dential electors, which has to be done
before next Monday, when the retni"
are to he counted. Out of 244 counties
the department has, only received re
turns from 10S.
ASKS CITY TO PAY
.' TWO THIRDS 6F COST.
Denver. Colo Nov. 13 "If the ct
of Denver will pay two thirds of the
cost of driving a six mile tunnel
through the continental divide. th
men behind the Denver Northwestern
A Pacific railroad will meet the re
mainder of the obligation and extend
the road to Salt Lake Cit giving a
168 mile shorter route '
This was the proposition submitted
by Newman Erb, representing the con
troling interests of the railroad, to 4"
business men of Denver, im 'uding re -resentatires
of the city government
) Latest estimates place the cost at
about J3.009.000. It is probable t .
the proposition will be submitted to
the Denver voters at a special elec
tion. FAILRB TO 9KCTJRK RATBS
TO THE MINING (OXGRESJ
No El Tajoans, and probably n
other Texas delegates, will attend the
mining congress at Spokane, Wash ,
on Nor 23 The mining congre
failed to secure any stecial railroa 1
rates for Texas.
' MARRIED AT COIRTHOISE.
Edmund D. Smith and Irene Matt'.s
were married Monday afternoon b
county Judge A. "S. J. Eylar in Cupid's
apartment in the comity derk' of
fice Both the eentractfag partu. "
residents of BI Paso and will mak
this city their permanent home
I brellas. As a rule a man's umbreli -
are tne assets of hu acment-mindeane--Umbrellas
and lead pencils are t-
articles which can be stolen witho ,t i
dangering the reputation. The easiest
way to obtain an (umbrella is to step up
to a total stranger and claim the one
"Enough water is carried into tbe houses
of this nation by umbrellas to fill the
big lock of the Panama Canal."
he is carrying Ten to one b ' 'II
apologize as he hanK it ovei
Somewhere in this woi'd au the tit
voted few ho buv the umbrellas for t''e
millions, but no one has a-, jet Btarte.l
an agitation to erect a monument t
tK ir memorv .
b George Mi h t