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THIRTY-SECOND YEAR OF PUBLICATION.
Superior exclusive features and eaplU news report by Associated Press LMed Wile jhL
lot Special Correspondents cove fas Alisons. New Mexico, west Tea Mexico. Wash
ington, D. G. and New York.
Published by Herald News Co, Inc.: H. X. Slater (owner of 5 percent) Presides): J. C
Wllmarth (owner o 20 percent) Manager; the remaining 25 percent is owuqniiiioni;
13 stockholders who are as follows: H. I Capell. H. K .Steven. J. A. wtft. J. J.
Mundy. Waters Davis, H. A True, McGlennon estate. W. P. Payne. R. C. Canby, G. A.
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AN INDEPENDENT DAILY NEWSPAPER
D5MCA2SD TO TH2 SBRV1CE OF THE PEOPLE, THAT NO GOOD CAUSE SHALL
LACK A CHAMPIOK, AHD THAT EVIL SHALL HOT THRIVE UNOPPOSED.
H. D. Slater, Biitr-iB-Chtef and toatrotlinc owner has directed The Herald for 14 Years;
G. A Martin la Kaws Editor.
EL PASO HERALD
Editorial and Magazine Page
Thursday, Kovember Twenty-first, '1912.
That Mysterious Rag
RAGTIME some of it will take its place in permanent music, if only as the
spontaneous expression of a period, la the United States, musical people
hardly take it seriously. Bnt in Germany and England, there is mora
professional interest in the comparatively novel treatment of magical episodes
which Americans have especially popularized. It is a mistake te think that
Americans have done moat of the creative work of merit, however, for English,
German, French, Spanish, Italian, Scandinavian, Hungarian, Russian, and Polish
composers have all done their part often aader high getKeug and more or less
obscure musical names which repel the crowd.
When Sonaa went to Europe with his ragtime band, the musical critics were
inclined strongly to condemn what the masses so emphatically approved. But
musical students discerned that America had contributed something really striking
to musical literature. Curiously enough, it was only after Germans had inter
preted ragtime in their own sweet way that German critics were willing to admit
that there were musical possibilities in it
The English papers have recently been discussing the psychology of ragtime.
Conductor Jacobs of the Trocadero orchestra of Londoa is quoted thus:
"The outstanding feature of ragtime music sheets to syncopation. This
means that they must shove one note up against the other, and against the time
following on the weak beat. Syncopation is a medical term, which applies to a
beating heart when it skips a beat. It means excitement. Just as music does.
A man playing ragtime cannot keep still. This music grips player and audience
alike and sets everybody on the jump. People drop knives and forks and snap
their fingers as soon as the melody begins. I think It has an effect on the heart
and makes it alter the beat to the time of the music."
One of the London newspapers speaks of ragtime as "this new and wonderful
melody, which has conquered the great American republic entirely, which has spread
to the remotest villages of the European continent, and which now is whistled by
London office beys and Yorkshire farm laborers, and is established in every grade
Aa English marie publisher who sells ragtime scores by hundreds of thousands
thus explains ragtime's popularity:
"We live in an age of rush. Ragtime music suits the period. The old song
lpi, a- vxltk Its nlAnr mm 1 n Knis' .Kftiie Ib finlaVtAl T If ten
Or BU1UA.U1S cuncsri x,u u wvw, ftruuc
short for it. English composers htve been
world is now humming the new music, which rushes just as fast as modern,
The funny thing about it is that the "new" music is not new at alL It is as
old as savagery itself, and is fouri in the tribal music of all barbaric peoples in
all continents lees, however, in the music of the kelts than among other peoples.
American ragtime is undoubtedly a natural outgrowth from the musical ideas
of African negroes and the American aborigines or "red iadians," the latter of
direct Asiatic origin. Host of the great composers of the last few centuries have
indulged freely in ragtime, but they never carried it out quite so cenststently or
in such an elemental fashion as the modernists have done, and the crowd was not
so impressed. Out of the great mass of latter day ragtime compositions, a few
will live among the claseics, and deservedly so. To psychologists as well as,
musicians, the present erase is deeply interesting, for the same reason that the
books and newspapers of the day are werth studying as expressions of the spirit
of the period.
Exposure Of Gamblers' Tricks
IF ANY young bub or old spert" desires to know just hew crooked the games are
against whkh he bocks is the ordinary course of gambling, he may enlighten
himself by visiting one of the local moving picture shows where a remarkable
exposure of crooked gambling whkh includes practically all professional gam
bling is being made right new.
Uhere may have been a time -when "the house" was satisfied with its "fixed
percentage" and when the habitual player had te fight only the laws of chance
and the house percentage. But with the universal outlawry of professional gam
bling and the hunt which has been kept up in response to the demand of every
well informed business community, the gamblers have gone deeper into crime and
crookedness, until the player has about as much chance of a "fair" winning in the
long run as a French doH on the devil's gridiron.
ro mi. o l.nro ! k.t -r. -,.
ZL.-i7r?.Zr.t7Zi Tk. e,M,a '
u"1"' " .; .. ms vnu c
delicate and so carefully concealed that, in the hypnotic state in which the habitual
gamester dwells when strung to high tensioa by the excitement of the gambling
impulse, not even the keenest watcher could discern anything wrong unless he were
first posted what to look for.
The exposure is made far more interesting and convincing by an accompanying
exhibit of the actual appliances of crooked gambling; as with the skill ef the
forger and the counterfeiter, one cannot help deplcring the loss of so much in
ventive ingenuity to the world which might be so much benefited by an honest
use of such talent.
The lesson is one that ought to go home to every man tempted to "make
money" by gambling, which is hardly a step removed from plain stealing. The
"game" in "professional" hands invariably degenerates into a mere contest ef
crook agaiart crook, thief against thief, lie against he, crime against crime.
The race gambling pursuit is sot essentially different; whatever it may ha.vt
been at ene period whatever it may be in Europe race gambUng in this country
and Mexico has degenerated into a mere fleednggame for the trimming of the new
crop of suckers which is always coining on.
THERE can sever be' uniformity of planting or upkeep of El Paso's street park
strips until the principle of complete control by the city government has
received the fullest acceptance. Every city, town, and village in the United
States where street trees or curb parks are a feature has adopted the plan of
There is no reason, in law or policy, why El Paso should not at once adopt the
plan of wide curb parks and Barrow paved roadway for all residence streets where
there are not carlines or likely to be. And there is no reason why the principle
of complete municipal control should not be at once adopted and enforced.
In Chihuahuita especially, should the amended plan be adopted. The Herald
would not venture to suggest that the streets in Chihuahuita be parked at public
expense, now or perhaps ever. But it is the part of wisdom to stop trying to im
prove and maintain roadways in that section, 50 feet wide as most of them are
supposed to be, when under bo possible circumstances will a roadway exceeding
30 feet ever be seeded on most of those streets. The curbs on all streets should
be set out 20 feet from the lot lines, the sidewalks placed against the lot lines,
and the remaining spaces left for the Mexican residents to use as they please so
long as they are not cluttered up with structures or fences, or rendered un
sanitary. If this plan were adopted, and the Chihuahuita residents encouraged, a few
years would see a multitude of little gardens established and maintained by the
residents themselves "for their own pleasure, or at the least, the spaces would be
practical for playgrounds for the children, out of the dust and filth of the streets.
With some people success is always
just around the corner.
Some of us are apt to take advice
that doesn't come to us.
When a man has no mind of his own
his wife is apt to give him a piece of
Many & man who says he hasn't a
dollar he can call bis own has a good
many he calls his wife's.
A man's fighting qualities don't al
ways show on the surface. Even the
game cock is chicken hearted.
Many a fellow 'who tells a girl he
would die for her nearly keeps his
promise when he has to eat her cook
ing. The shoe dealer alwa s has to be
gin at the foot, but the hatter realizes
from the first that there is plenty of
room at the top.
Happiness is altogether a matter of
capacity. A second piece or pie means
more to a small boy tban a six per
cent dividend means to his father.
RBPLKCTIONS OP A BACHELOR,
(New York Press.)
Some men would rather go to law
than to heaven.
Charitv begins at homo, and uiually
It ends rigbt there, too.
For eery one man who can make a
fortune there arc a million who can tell
him what to do with it.
A couple don t think about what they
? i r (loins- when they are to be mar
Md. because they'll have plenty of time
io think of it afterward.
ri r a man once holds a public office
-dlv f.-r asin willins: to waste '
-..'J i"i tdrmi i In ins I
rv j a vmwi , aa miioucu. .uaav so wv i
unable to adapt themselves to chang- I
., iu Tni.oJ w ia oiivsA nKuinrsr Tho 1
""" AuvicuAir.c a .. ""-" " i
Sometimes a burglar leaves little to
Marriage may either form one's char
acter or reform it.
'It seems perfectly natural for some
women to be artificial.
Save your money and the chances are
you will never regret it.
The moon affects the tide and many
young people who wish to be.
An idle rumor never spends much
time In the office of a busy man.
There are spots on the sun, yet some
people expect a small boy to be perfect.
The self made man is unable to see
where he could have made any im
provement on his work.
When a woman has occasion to pur
chase a cheap article In a first class
store she explains that she is buying
it for a friend.
Confidence won't help you much un
less you have something to go with it.
When the children are away, mother
is lonesome, and gets a little rest.
It might help a little if the cheer
leader could hear himself as others hear
Some people can belieTe what they
want to, which has advantages and dis
Yv ork wearies us little: what makes
us tired is to hear a loafer talk about
needing a rest.
Of late years, fewer statesmen try to
look like Abraham Lincoln, Tsho was
good nd homel.
v ' ll i' v i.i li . u illm in 1 . ljj a
l1- ' I I '1 ! il" illlK . I .1 Hill li
HE country's full of also rang, who
their little plans, and now they
thev yearned don't come their
turned their pictures to the wall. The holy Peepul. standing pat. a halo o'er each
brow, said to their aspirations, '"Scat!" and so they're frequent now. They're
well supplied with lids and eans, and they have soup to burn ; but will the tireless
also rans a useful lesson learn? Will they emerge from mire and murk, the debris
of defeat, and bravely say: 'Well go to work, and earn our bread and meat!'"
Will they forsake the idle course of all the statesmen crew, who rant and howl
till they are hoarse, and nothing useful do? Will they upon the farm abide and
labor as they should, and let the sacred Peepul slide while they are sawing wood?
You little know the also rans if you are dreaming thus; already they. are forming
plans for stirring up a fuss. Again they'll soon be waving flags and toiling with
their jaws, distributing the same old gage about the PeepuT's cause. Tlie drunkard
who for years with gin his played out tank has warmed, may by the docs be
gathered in and by their skill reformed; the dope fiend, when' the doctors try,
becomes a useful man; but all the docs beneath the sky can't cure an also ran.
(By Hubert Bergmans.)
HE leaned back comfortably In
her rocking chair and listened
with half closed eyes to her
friend who read to her from the paper.
They were no longer young and pretty,
these two women. They were tall.
angular but robust and satisfied with
their lot- la its.
"Nothing sensational today?" asked
one of them.
Tee, Henna," the other replied,
'there is a sensational suicide."
"What is it Gabrielle? Why don't you
read about the suicide?"
"It is one who belongs to our cir
cled' "Hm! Yes it sometimes happens and
not so vevy seldom nowadays. But why
should it make you look so sad? Lio
we know the man?"
'It is Botho," the other whispered.
Her companion sat up.
"Botho? Onr Botho?" she exclaimed.
"Botho, the Baron vpn Weletzky."
"That it should come to this! Read:
Is he dead?"
'No, only wounded. There is a, bare
chance that he may live."
. "Why did he do Itr
i "He was known to be without means
years," Gabrielle read.
"Poor man, we must do something
for him. Hertha."
"I feel so sorry for him. Of course
I know he does not deserve my tears,
In the meantime the baron was lyins
on his bed at the hospital. His bullet
had. been poorly aimed and the doctors
sueeeded in saving hie life. When he
was 'out of danger the chief surgeon
handed him a letter. While the old
man was reading it a strange change
came over his face.
. "What is the matter, baron 1" the
"Oh doctor, this medicine is better
than any you have been able to give
STREETS FLOODED i
BY BURSTING MAIN
Blast Causes 14-Inch "Water Main te
Burst In the 13O0 Bloek Ob North
EI Paso Street.
North Oregon and North Bl Paso
streets and Mesa avenue were flooded
at noon Thursday when a 14-inch wa-
ter main burst in the 1300 block on
North El Paso, Mexican laborers em
P.1 b'.. Pa Brick, grading the
street at tnat point, had set off a
blast which burst the water pipe.
The reservoir was shut off so that
no water -could flow from there, but
it became necessary to open a fire
plug at the top of the hill and let
water out so that no other pipes would
burst. The "water valve box had been
covered up by the graders and it was
some time before these men and a
gang from the waterworks could lo
cate it and stop the flow of water.
So strong was the water flow that
it washed sand and silt down onto the
street car tracks on the Arizona
street. Sunset Heights and Boulevard
lines and a gang of men had to be
kept at work cleaning out the
switches. Street cars were held up for
several minutes, and as a result the
downtown, restaurants did a big busi
ness. The storm sewer on Oregon street
carried away the water so that it
did not come below Main street or
onto the steam railroad tracks on Main
A report was circulated about town
that the reservoir on Sunset
Heights had burst but this was not
BPISCOPAMAXS RBFUSK TO
COXSECRATK DIVORCED BISHOP.
Albany, N. Y., Nov. 21. The conven
tion of the Episcopal diocese of Al
bany endorsed the action of the con
vention s sianaing committee in re- i
fusing consent to the consecration of
Rev. H. B. Silver, of Topeka, Kansas,
the newly elected bishop of Kansas, be
cause he is a divorced man.
The matter was brought before the
convention when a resolution was
adopted endorsing the adverse action
of the standing committee on the
ground that the consecration of Dr
Silver "introduced the question of di
vorce and remarriage of divorcees."
Later the resolution was amended by
striking specific mention of Dr. Sil
ver's name and merely endorsing the
INJUNCTION IS GRANTED IN
THE BILL BOARD FIGHT
The sign painters' -war took another
turn Thursday, when W. H. Tuttle and
others applied for a writ of injunction
to restrain H. R, McClintock from
erecting any more signs on the prop
erty at the corner of Montana and
Ange streets. The petition was filed
Wednesday afternoon in the 41st dis
trict court, and judge A M. Walthall,
of that court, granted it. The suit
against Tuttle and others for malicious
mischief, which was filed in justice of
the peace James J. Murphy's court by
McClintock. is still pending.
CHICAGO POI.ICE SEARCH
FOR ALLEGED SLAYER
Chicago, I1L, Not. 21. Police in every
city of America hunted today for John
B. Koetters, aged 36, because Mas. Em
ma Kraft, the Cincinnati widow who
came to Chicago to marry the man,
was murdered, the police say, by Koet
ters, in a downtown hotel and robbed
The woman was beaten into uncon
sciousness -with a hammer and died
three days later without being able to
explain the mystery -f the assault.
LOCOMOTIVE BOILER EXPLODES;
FIREMAN SCALDS TO DEATH
Rawlins, Wyo., Nov. 21. Fireman K.
M. Skinner was scalded to death, head
brakeman Stephenson and engineer
Thomas Lockridge were badly scalded,
when the boiler of engine No. 270, pull
ing a Union Pacific eastbound passen
ger train, exploded this morning at Salt
Wells, east of Rock Springs. The in
jured men were taken to a hospital at
J. H. B'rdsley
is a patient in the Ho-
tel Dieu as the result of sustaining se
vere bruises when he fell off his motor
cycle at the intersection of Boulevard
and- Cotton avenue Wednesday after
noon His injuries are not considered
T m 1
The Also RanS I By Walt Mason
tell why they got left ; the Peepul queered
stand bereft. The little snaps for which
way at all; the sacred Feepul rose and
Tie Herald's Daily
me The letter offers me a home ana
its offer comes from people to whom
have done a great wrong."
that the doctor for a moment feared
his mind was giving way.
The few words that had made so
eep an impression read:
If you stnl remomber baroness Her
th&fi:o to Bornheim Castle, as soon as
you are strong enough to travel. You
will be able to live there as long as
you please. The manager of the estate
has orders to provide suitable apart
ments for you. I write these words at
the request of the baroness."
GABRIELLE VON LANKBN.
It was a quiet, modest old gentleman
who was confided to the care of the
wife of the manager of Bornheim Castle
He is grateful for the smalest service.
Every morning he asks how the bar
ones an iraulein Gabrielle are and
tried to make Fran Lena tel-something
One afternoon the old gentleman
dressed himself with .unusual care ana
drove to the castle. He walked to
the veranda where the ladiee sat.
They greeted him very formally and
talked together until eight o'clock
when the carriage called for the baron.
"Gabrielle." said one.
"Tea, Hertha." replied the other.
"This Is the man who came near
making us both unhappy, me because
I was rich," "and you because he loved
you," said Hertha after a long pause.
This is the man who owned our hearts,
whom we have quarrelled about, who
has cost us so many tears. How is it
possible to grow so old?"
"It Is better so." replied Gabrielle,
and wiped a tear from her eyes.
"You see, Hertha, we have him now,
our baron, both of us. Now we may
chat with him every Thursday, in love
and harmony. Such is life when one
has sown one's wild oats."
VISIT OF YOUTH
XefKS Girl Fires Bullet Into Her Heart
Wednesday Xleht: Body Is Found
by Her Mother. I
At 7:30 oclock Wednesday night, 15
minutes after r. young negro boy by
Jhe n,f m Brown had called.
Magonila Gresby, a negro girl about
16 years old. living with her Barents at
1627 East Missouri street, placed the
muzzle of a 41-caliber Colt against her
left breast and fired one shot. The bul
let struck the lower part ef her heart,
tearing off a piece of it in making its
exit under the left shoulder blade. Death
was almost instantaneous.
Prior to the tragedy, Mrs. B. F. Gres
by, the mother of the girl, stated to cor
oner James J. Murphy, who held the
inquest Wednesday night, that a young
fellow by the name of Frank or
George Brown, She did not know which,
had called. He remained about 1 min
utes she told the coroner when he left.
The woman said she heard no quarrel
ing. After Brown left she stated she
saw her daughter standing at the front
door which was open. She told her shu
bad better come in as she might catch
cold. Then she said she returned to
the kitchen and later heard the shot.
Rushing- into the parlor of the bouse
she found the body of her daughter ly
ing on the floor, the pistol was clutched
in her right hand. She said that she
was unable to assign any season for
her daughter's act.
B. F. Gresby. the girl's father, has
been in the employ of the Galveston,
Harrisburg 8c San Antonio Railway
company for 14 years.
MONEY TEUST PROBE
TO BE RESUMED
Washington. D. C. Nov. . The
first signs of activity for the com
ing srssion of congress made their
appearance about the capitol when the
house committee on banking and cur
rency met to plan a resumption of the
"money trust" investigation. Dec S.
Members of the house appropriations
committee hare also begun work on the
annual supply bills for next year.
The congressional "money trust" com
mittee after a conference in chairman
Pujo's rooms, determined to begin its
hearings Dec. 9, when men prominent
in the financial world will be asked to
testify. The committee will endeavor
speedily to clear up that branch of the
inquiry dealing with the operations of
stock exchanges and clearing house as
sociations. Without additional powers conferred
by congress it will be unable to com
plete the Inquiry into the "concentra
tion of money and credits."
WILSON SAY'S nE WILL MAKE
OWN CABINET ANNOUNCEMENTS.
Hamilton. Bermuda. Nov. ZL "All
statements about selections for the
cabinet may be disregarded untl I make
the announcement myself." declared
presdent-elect Wlson. It s learned that
Wlliam J. Bryan has not been invited
Bryan No't Going to Bermuda,
Waycross, Ga., Nov. 21. "I have n&t
conferred with Mr. Wilson since the
election and have never discussed with
him at any time any person in connec
tion with any office and I have no
intention of going to Bermuda."
This answer was made by William J.
Bryan in reply to reports that he pro
posed to visit the president-elect in
connection with a cabinet appointment.
"The public knows that Gov. Wilson
has gone to Bermuda to rest and that
he is not selecting a cabinet They
ouRht to let him do the selecting and
not spend their time in guessing. If j
they do guess. I see no reason why I
should spend my time- in discussing
OFFICIAL COUNT IN IDAHO
GIVES WILSON 1110 MAJORITY.
Boise, Idaho, Nov. 21. Woodrow
Wilson carried Idaho in the recent
election by 1110 votes, according to
the officipl count which has been com
pleted. The official returns give:
Wilson, 33,983; Taft, 32,879; Roosevelt,
RECOUNT KA:S.YS BALLOTS.
Topeka. Kan , Nov. 21. Kansas'
close race for the governorship has
reached the supreme court when it is
sued an alternative writ of mandamus
against the county commissioners of
Bourbon countv to reconvene at once
and recount tiie ballots i ast
laf election The suit was
i 'i -
I in tr-i name of rthui ii i .-r
lii-r Sn nl u '"it nffi ". i
. . i i i - -1
SOLVE SMOKE PROBLEM IS PITTSBURGH SLOGAN
University of Pittsburg Undertakes Exhaustive Investigation to Abate Nui
sance in Campaign for "Clean City."
By FREDERIC J. HASK3N.
WASHINGTON. C. C Nov. 21.
With "a cleaner Pittsburg" as
its aim. the department of In
dustrial research of the University of
Pittsburg has undertaken an Inves
tigation into the hundred-and-one
phases of the smoke nuisance. For
care and determination to bring out
tt.. t,Ai. .,., .-... ,, Avi. i
the whole truth about smoke this in
quiry promises to eclipse all that have
gone before and to settle many un
solved problems to the satisfaction of
those who captain the world's fight for
With the funds for the investigation
provided by one of those rare souls
who finds a sufficient reward in fol
lowing the scriptural injunction of not
letting one hand know what the other
gives, the work has had an auspicious
beginning. These funds are furnished
without the blare of trumpet or the far
sent story of a publicity man. by one
who believes that the greatest single
problem that confronts the Pittsburg
district is that of abating the pall of
gas and soot that made Pittsburg
famous as the "smoky city." He gave
this fund a year ago, and placed It in
the hands of professor Robert Kennedy
Duncan, director of the department of
industrial research, in the belief that
a thorough investigation would- re
veal not only the nature, extent and
precise causes of the smoke nuisjanee,
but also the remedies that would masse
Its abolition both possible and prac
ticable. Staff ef ShccIbMMm
As soon as it could be done professor
Duncan created a staff of 25 specialists
to carry forward the work, six of
whom are devoting their entire time
to it, while the other 19 have been en
trusted with the preparation ef special
reports concerning particular phases
of the work. Dr. Raymond C. Benner
was made chief fellow and chemist of
the investigation, and he entered upon
his duties with a determination to
probe to the very bottom o the prob
lem and to analyze and diagnose the
situation and then find a reliable, de
pendable and appliable remedy for the
trouble. The investigators want to get
accurate measurements of the effect of
smoke on the weather, on plant life,
on physical conditions generally, on
health, on architecture, and on eco-
nomic conditions. Then they want to
XaKe Up IUC CI151UCCI IU6 iiivw'tu" -
smoke abatement and the matter or
legal administration, with a view to
making effective the lessons of the
In starting into the work the inves
tigators were not unmindful of the
fact that others have contributed much
to the information on the subject, and.
that many facts have been sufficiently
developed so as not to require further
investigation. It therefore has col
lected all the literature extant upon the
problem, and has made the most ex
haustive bibliography of the subject
ever undertaken. In addition to this it
is preparing a complete history of the
smoke nuisance and the fight for its
abatement in Europe and America.
Effeet ef Smoke en Weather.
The first problem to demand atten
tion was that of the relation of smoke
sjid weather. Many investigations
along this line have been made, but
they seem to fall short of what the
exacting mind of the scientist de
mands, and so Dr. H. H. Kimball, of the
United States weather bureau, was
asked to measure the effect of smoke
and soot upon fogs, winds, temperature,
sunlight and weather conditions gene
rally. Inasmuch as similar Investiga
tions, both official and unofficial, have
been made in a number of European
countries, this investigation, for pur
poses of comparison and checking- up,
is based upon similar methods where
ever those methods have been scien
tlflcallv satisfactory. Dr. Kimball's
studies include the problems of atmos-
nhorlr erases susDenaea panicles in
the air, the dust layer of the earth's
onrfaco the ouantitv of soot in city air,
the limit of visibility, fogs and fog
dissipation, the effects of smoke clouds
upon temperature, etc.
In these investigations data has
been gathered from the weather sta
tions at Pittsburg. Harrisburg. Phila
delphia and Wiiliamsport. Using
chemical and photometrical methods ha
the clear country air as well as in the
smoky city air, the measurements
will be scientifically exact and win
furnish a basis of calculating the in
creased cost of artiflcal Illumination
in Pittsburg due to smoke in the at
mosphere, and for the physicians of
the staff in their study of the eye
strain due to smoke. For instance, a
photographic plate of certain sensitive
ness is exposed in a smoky atmosphere
and another, of identical sensitiveness
in the adjacent clear country air; the
results are bound to tell the difference
in the amount of light. The photo
meter works on this general principle
and measures light as accurately as
the finest scales weigh priceless gems.
Vfmat Life Damaged.
The question of the effect of smoke
and soot on vegetation has been de
termined somewhat by Knfcllsh experi
ments, but they left much to be de
sired. The Pittsburg investigators
have entrusted this problem to J. F.
Clevenger, botanist of the Pennsyl
vania state college. He Is making a
long series of laboratory experiment
bo arranged as to determine the exact
effect of given quantities of soot, of
varying composition, upon the seed
lings of plants. The measurement of
these forms of defolltation and ruin
of gardens, trees, flower beds and
pleasure prounds as a problem worth
In beginning the whole investigation
the staff Immediately felt the need of
some eiact definitions. Everybody
knows in a general way what soot is,
hut when someone attempts to define
it he finds the job as big as the one
the president tackled when he under
took to answer in exact terras the
question, "what is whisky?" Some ex
perimenters have found soot composed
of certain ingredients of certain pro
portions., while others have obtained a
Dr. Benner, the chief fellow and
chemist of the investigation, is making
a long series of laboratory investiga
tions whose end it is to give a true
definition of soot. Dr. W. W. Strong,
with the use of the ultra microscope.
ih nhotometer. and by electrical
methods, is trying to determine the J
physical properties oi smu.e m im
naces and flues, on the ground and in
"The exact measurement of the de-
terloration of mortar masonry, wood
worK, meim wuitv, !"". t.
building construction, caused by the
action of smoke acids, is being made
by members of the staff. Eight phy
sicians are engaged in determining as
accurately as possible, the effect of
the smoke nuisance on health. Its re
lation to tuberculosis, pneumonia and
other respiratory diseases are being
studied at length; an effort is being
made to determine whether it causes
windows to be closed and thus pro
motes poor ventilation; post mortem
examinations are made when possible
to determine the amount of soot pres
ent in the respiratory organs; and ef
forts also are being made to ascertain
whether smoke produces cases of men
tal depression in certain forms.
The cost of the smoke nuisance to a
large citv 1-? being thoroughly investi
gated, under the able direction or John
J. O'onm r t runomist Statistics are
l.ms: i'li-rt'd upon even pha-e of
,1 ,i i. i ji Io-. ! h i' from
, T 'i .. t . in- i f
ii ... .. , l .1-1' ii : '
goods, etc.. nile another corps of in
vestigators is trying to determine who
makes the smoke, and the part played
by the business district, the railroads,
the river steamboats the manufactur
ing plants, etc. in the creation of the
Smoke Monitor Sounds Signal.'
The investigators are bent upon
finding some method of advising an
engineer wnen he Is violating the
smoke laws. several designs of a
cheap, automatic device known as a
"smoke monitor and recorder," which
rings a bell whenever there is too
much smoke and which constantly
records the amount of smoke being
given off, have been made, and they
are working well. With such appa
ratus obtainable, the city fathers can
pass an ordinance requiring all fur
naces to be equipped with them, and
thus an indisputable record can be
kept which will serve as a perpetual
smoke inspector, on the job 24 hoars
a day wherever smoke is made in big
The laws against smoke are being
compiled and investigated with great
thoroughness by Joseph A Beck, at
torney for the investigation. He nox
only will trv to determine what a city
may do, buV what an individual may
do. He wants to see what remedied
the common law affords the individual
who sustains damages or suffers in
juries from smoke created by his
The different forms of smoke pre
venting and smoke consuming appa
ratus are being tested under all sort
of conditions, and the knowledge thus
gained will transform the engineers of
the staff into veritable "smoke doc
tors" who will go around the city pre
scribing for sick furnaces. They will
visit plants and by actual demonstra
tions show the owners just what re
sults and what economies may be so
sured by smoke prevention methods.
WH1 Transform City.
In addition to all this, there will be
waged a campaign of education that
promises to be the most effective over
Inaugurated. As the studies reveal
one truth after another, these results
will be given to the press and a con
tinual bombardment of facts will be
waged against smoke from day to day
and week to week, until It ends in the
truth being hammered into the minds
of the people, there to ripen into con
viction and conviction transformed
into .action, the end of which it is
hoped will be the transformation of
"smoky city" into "clean city."
Tomorrow Visiting Nurses.
Years Age To-
Trern The Bhh Of Jr.
Division superintendent Hartman, of
the Mexican Central, came in on the
Santa Fe this morning from Kansas
H. C Myles was a passenger on the
G. H. today for Marathon. Tex., from
which point he will go out to Ms
The city clerk today issued a per
mit to Joeefa Manquera for the erec
tion of a $200 adobe residence on lot
6 of block 102, of Campbell's addition.
The interest in the Thanksgiving day
races at Washington park is very much
on the Increase, and there bids fair to
be a large crowd in attendance. Four
hundred dollars have been hung up in
purses for the meet.
Conractor Powers, who is erecting
the new fire department and jail. Is
paefeing the work along as fast as. he
can. He has put on a large force of
men and expects to begin to lay stone
about the middle of this week.
Churchgoers in El Paso yesterday
had an opportunity of listening to a
mtivA Armenian. BishoD John Ser-
jjns of the Armenian church, dellv-
eres a very interesting aaaress ai me
First Methodist Episcopal church.
Charles P. Peck, manager Of the
Texas car service association, -with
headquarters at Houston, has sent word
to this city that on December 1, he
will send Nelson A Hanna here to rep
resent permanently the association.
The building committee of the city
council with the mayor and county
commissioners have finally succeeded
in getting a place for the pest house.
The government nas given rne use oi
the long barracks building at old Fort
A party consisting of T. C. Lyons,
of the Linden hotel: T. C McCarthy,
E. B. Welch and Walter Larkin will
leave tomorrow for a few days' duck
hunting in the vicinity of Lake Lagoon,
a short distance south on the Mexican
Yesterday was a severe day on the
switchmen in this city and it was
lucky that no accidents happened. The
dust prevented them from seeing any
great distance and the wind was the
strongest that they have encountered
The county's new sheriff will take
the oath of office this afternoon and
will be installed in his new position.
J. H. Boone is sheriff, with J. HC Corn
stock as his chief deputy and he has
announced that he has appointed Jim
Dwyer, W. W. Davis and Henry Heap
as jail guards.
The county commissioners met this
THEBUSY BY GEORGE FI1CH,
BEE An&or Of "At Gee4 0W Swasfa"
M-a ijiiiS busy bee
I animal with
a small, fussy
great habit of
minding its own business and al
most unparalleled facilities for encourag
ing the casnal passerby to do the same.
The bee is small and could not lick
a grown man in a fist fight. But very
few men care to creep up to aa indus
trious bee and look over its shoulder to
see what it is doing. If a bee must be
approached it is best to meet him faee
to face and treat him with distant
respect. Even those who love the bee
do not stroke him on the back. Those
who have been led in enthusiastic mo
ments to do so have acquired a hand
which could be wrapped up and sold for
a Virginia ham.
The busy bee gets up at daylight and
toils witTrijemendous industry until
dark, gatherinSloney and storing it
away. He is the moViLindustrious of all
insects and is pointed tnit by philoso
phers as a model to the human race.
While mai is dwadling over his break
fast, or reading four acres of useless
news, or trying to annoy a large auto
mobile into action, the busy bee is
nobly lugging honey to his hive in
minute quantities without even pausing
to admire the scenery.
Thoii;.and3 of Wtures hae been writ
ten on the bee's industry but very few
philosophers, haie' paused to deprecate
the bee's thickheadedness. No one works
harder than t'i bee -- gets less out of it.
lntpad oi .tiikim; to the woods -nd
li- ' li'- In i in" - 't w i'l do lum
It tak a g9i jUtit'f git c&a
fellers ot th' sngia' -ifeay. A Ben
Davis apie looks almeet good imoufh
Down in his cellar deep and dark.
Where bis bleary eyeballs blink.
He counts each uioee, and he loves to
To the rattle and dink and clink;
He knows each bit in the gleaming pile.
Yet there in his dusty den
He creeps each day, with an OTil smile
To reckon it o'er again!
And the world may wag or the world
Men perish from cold and want
But mercy's a word by him forget.
And his soul like his frame is gaunt!
And what cares he for the women that
la the storree that o'er him roll,
As down in his eelfcuv dank and deep.
He reckons his store of Coal.
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
morning in regular seesloa. The cause
for the special session was for the rati
fication of the many bonds, of the ncT
ly elected county officers. The boids
as approved were: Isaac Alderic,
James R, Harper. R. W. Spencer, Pey
ton J. Edwards, A Conrcheaae. J. P.
O'Connor, Park W. Pitman, George W.
Huffman, J. H. Boone and W. J. Harris.
Arrangements for the Thanksgiving
day excursion over the E. P. & N. E.
road to Alamogordo have been com
pleted and the train will leave the
depot at o'clock and anyone who
wishes may drop off along the line
and spend the day hunting, Those who
returned from the bunfrtur trip up in
that country Saturday say that quail
are very plentiful along the E. P. &
EXPECT A FICrHT
Ferty-fewrth Annual CeaveBtiea (
Asaeriean Weaarfj Suffrage As.
societies Is Opeaed.
Philadelphia, Pa.. Nov. 21. The 41th
annual conviatieu -ot the MfeUosal
American Woman Suffrage association
j convened here today. The sessions of
the convention have been scheduled to
close on November 26, buf because of
the fight against the radical element
of the association by the conservative .
on the score of violating the non
partisan policy of the organisation with
reference to affiliation with political
parties, it was thought that the delib
erations of the delegates might exceed
the limit set by the program.
A hot fight for the presidency of t .e
association was also looked forward to
by the delegates, with Dr. Anna How
ard Shaw, the present president; Miss
Jane Addams, who espoused the Bull
Moose cause at the head of the radf al
element of the National Suffrage asso
ciation, and Mrs. Laura Clay, of Lex
ington. Ky.. as leaders for the pli e.
Balloting for officers of the associa
tion has been set for November 25.
The 'convention was called to order
this afternoon by Dr. Shaw and a wel
come was extended to the delegates n -mayor
Rudolph Blankenburg, of Phil
adelphia, and Mrs. Ellen H. B. Price.
nresident of the Pennsylvania Wom
an's Suffrage association. Both mayor
Blsuikenburg and Mrs. Price were warm
in their praise of the cause of equal
suffrage. Response on behalf of the
organization was made by Mrs. James
Lees Laidlaw, whose husband, James
Lees Laidlaw, has taken a prominent
part in the Men's Suffrage league.
The convention this year is one of
the largest in point of attendance in
the history of the organization. Del- -gates
from almost every state in the
union have gathered here to take part
In the deliberations of the organiza
tion. self to be tempted into a hive in t'io
backyard of a conscienceless farmer 'io
permits him to tofl over hours all sum
mer and then smoke him out in the
fall, takes his honey away and feeds
him throofh the winter on sugared water.
For this reason we cannot admire the
"Minding its awn business and almost
unparalleled facilities for enngmg
the casual passerby to do the same."
j bee's industry. He is too uiui !i like the
' common man who is e'lcoumged by
' earnest inspirational nt-rs to rise at
j daybreak and toil with great fury in
order to supply himself with enough
roopority to enable the trust majrnate
' to raise the price ot beet
"V;i -iht.J 1 Gt"ib. Ma-L.w!
i- 'i t
U'. V t .. 1. llill.Bl.li.