EL PASO, TEXAS,
December 3, 1912 12 Pages
TWO SBOTIOXS . TODAY.
Fair tonight and Wednesday;
Jury Acquits Sneed For
, Killing the Father of the
Man Who Stole His Wi
Aspect pf Things With Jury
at Pecos Slakes It Look
Like a Hung Jury.
TO m. UP
CASE GIVEN TO
JURY LAST NIGHT
Pecos. Texas. Dec 8. At 1:30 this
afternoon, the Jury in the case of Mrs.
Agnes Orner, of El Paso, charged with
the murder of her daughter, Lilly, was
i eported to be standing eight to four
lor acquittal- The first ballot Is said
to have been soen to nve tor acquit
tal This one man has apparently been
xv or over to the sida of thosj ybo are
lor acquittal, b the jvry has been cut
i. ce before midnight lasi night, nn
vther mistrial is lojk-l for.
Trial in Completed.
The trial of Mrs. Orner closed last aaa --"3- O
r sht at It 15. after judge & J. s"" -w-v- -r
acks had delivered Ms cnarge to tne i
Prom thp outset the most sen
.tional trial that has-ever been heard
i Reeves county, the close of this
j"c was of the same character. The
ti pillar Drogress of the case was in
uirupted Saturday night, after a
speaker had been heard for each side.
u purpose of the interruption having
i --n to introduce new testimony.
Monday the people of Pecos were
'.. en the remarkable sight furnished
i th witness, Mrs. Lucille Archer.
nho went on the stana and stated that
-h- had not toid all last week, and
nat Mrs Orner reallv did confess hav
r sr killed her daughter. The sole rea
m p'ven bv Mrs. Archer was that con
. ned in her rather dramatic explana-
. ..- tn the mrv before leaving the
mJ The attorneys had finished the ;
. a . . .. . t .... .. .9 l a tl '
t ( t ana cr'-ras-tiLiiiiiiawuiia, o. i..
. i used the witness, when she said: "I
m to sav this mucn . nere hue
interrupted by the attorneys, and
tar that Bhe might say something
-a? should not properly go to the Jury
celled the court to ask them to re
t -i Mrs. Archer then said: "I want
in sav that the only reason I answered
,i ealon last week as J did when he
,;kfd me that question, was because I
! xri received her note not five min
i . s before, in which she asked me to
i i otpct her." The lury was then re
. A'ed and the statement repeated In
vift presence, when Mrs. Archer was
Dismissed. . ,,
B F Van Horn corroborated Mrs.
rc-her"s statement relative to the con-
f sion. , ,
Mrs. Orner Enters Denial.
Mrs. Orner again took the stand in
i - own behalf, after the noon hour.
.- mine anv confession at any time to
--. one she explained er reference
n .ommitting suicide in toe notes
vritten to Mrs. Archer by the sta te-
nont that a hung jurv o mean that
he would be kept in jail still longer.
and she burst into tears as f f
, la-ired- "I uld rather die than do
; hat sne xpii.euk. " j T - 1
-r but two notes flTMr. Archer. saI I
tn.t she had urged that witness "to J
ion -thp truth and the whole truth lji-j
".io that Van Horn was present on the j
cht in question, though she admitted
DteS. SITS. KjrilKir noire".
th..t someone naa toia ntr n ww
at tV house. T I
-.it. W V. Luc.iS and Mrs. j - " i
Tk were put on estand again to
' II1U. !. i " " ... y-l
that an Horn nju. " ,"ZZi'"
th. m at the wraaw
tne nuuw ''""" :rc-T
a tne cniias ""-"-, "VCl w: I
. m i jt j a - van r nsiiriri ! -
th. m had seen Van Horn in uie u.-
...-.m where It is !" "Jf w"
fsion was made to Mrs. Archer.
The Evidence All In.
t 41 the state rested and deffino-
did likewise. The case was elfsed.
,-t; l a short recees was had while It
heing decided whether the case
ph.uld be reargued in toto. After some
, - u;sion iPwas announced that the
n tches mde Saturday afternoon
, r. not to be considered, and asslst
nt district attorney Robert Nelll. or.
l ' Paso, opened for the state. Mr.
v, '11 spoke for almost an hour, dwell-
" more on the new evidence than on
-l? other phases of the case, and made
- 'irons appeal to the jury. He closed
.. h ut 3 30.
f--i Owen then opened for the de
. ( and made another eogent plea
,..- his client. He called .attention es
t i 11 v to the two stories sworn to by
-t principal witness of the morning.
n ; pointed out the conflict in testi
r"u nes of other witnesses. Mr. Owen
. d not speak Sat so great a length as
r Saturday, but was more than ordi
r ar 1 eloquent.
Judge Ross's Masterly Speech.
Vhen he took his seat there was a
c-. rra! air of expectancy in the court
mi m for Jas. F. Ross, of counsel for
n .ffr,Ce was the next speaker. The
unusual character of the crime, and
tn. unexpected break in the case Sat
i: i . night had combined to draw a
-si crowd at the morning session.
In the afternoon, however, there were
t 11 more people In attendance, and
thfre were no seats left vacant
Judge Ross, in the opinion of many
who heard him, delivered the most elo
. jfnt plea that has ever been heard
ii th- district court room of this coun
ts He ran the gamut of the emotions
a -1 vi oi ked upon every premise of his
v ,satile and logical mind in the de
f -ii e of the woman whose cause he
represented. 'Let the verdict be what
It m. "' said one who had heard the
whole' of the trial, "youll.have to ad
rrit that the defendant could not have
, -.. oMr nr mOK fxOTlFCipntiOUSlV
represented." and the outnion reflects J
well the attitude or me au v,
Break In Argument.
A discussion with reference to the
rrments of the record made a break
,n the argument and court adjourned
" til 7 30 oclock last night, when Judge
Iloss resumed his argument. The ln
ta,gible influence f the night time
r, lawyers have r so long recog
t ! was also in ihs favor, and his
f 1 -iod of eloquence seemed to help
, .,iv to blot out tlit damaging evi
,,ence that the state hid been able to
8httT5 Will P. Brads, attorney for
i tate in the 70th district, made the
. jos pg argument Mr. Brady was equal
to the occasion and made the strongest
.or-d most clean-cut speech of his life.
nVs frVends said. Thread by thread aBd
FhVd bv shred he took up the circum
ktarces'of the case and pieced them
Aether again Careful. forcefuL with
r, attempt at brilliance, he covered
Tach minute phase of the evidence, and
"font a case" that will undoubt
,iU stick long in the minds of the
-urmen who heard Sim.
Jury Gets the Case.
Mr Bradv closed a few minutes be
fo 10 oclock. and judge Isaacks read
VU " carefully worded charge to the
hu3v which then retired The court
."nounced that he would remain in
h " building aintil 11 .?
rnpe that the jury might bv that time
J 'atJ? VJS Remained until 11:30. but
no word came from the jury room.
ORVER WIT-VESSBS RKTURX.
Following the closing of the Orner
case at Pecos several El Paso witnesses
returned to El Paso Tuesday morning.
Snr,np them Tk ere J. J. Raster. Mrs.
Sadie Irwin. Mrs. N B Larock. Mri
W F Lucase, Mrs. Lucile Archer and
Mrs A. K. Thomas.
Tl VBBI LOSES LIFE IX FIRE.
N-v.- York. Pee. 3. -oouis Levy, a
J, v, ish rabbi, lost hie life early today
'- -. fire winch swept away an apart-
r.i"if house in upper Fifth avenue.
j--n . n persons wer injured.
Bulgarians Willing tp Make
Concessions, hut Greece
Wants Her Spoils,
GREEKS AND TURKS
MAT CONTINUE WAR
BULGARIANS WILL NOT
SUPPORT GREECE'S CLAIMS jt
& Sofia. Bulgaria, Dec S. An
armistice Trill be signed today
at Baghtche on the lines of
Tchatalja, with or without
Greece being a party to It, ac
cording to information receiv
ed from authoritative sources
here. Greece will be left alone
in the war with Turkey If she
London. Kng.. Dec 3. Adrlanople
was the obstacle which threatened to
wreck the parleys between the pleni
potentiaries of Turkey and the Bal
kan allies when they first opened at
Baghtche. and Adrlanople appeared
again at the end of the negotiations
as the most serious hindrance to the
attainment of an agreement.
At the first session the Turks abso
lutely refused to surrender Adrlan
ople, but when the Bulgarians finally
yielded to them on this point the Greek
delegates shrank back and demanded
time in which to submit the question
to the government at Athens.
Greeks Want Their Spoils.
The reason for the Greek's objec
tion to such submission is not far to
seek according to diplomats. It is
pointed out that it is obvious that if
the Bulgarians sacrifice the ultimate
possession of Adrianople in the inter
ests of general peace they will expect
their allies to share their sacrifice and
the only way in which this can be
done is to give Bulgaria compensation
in the shape of territory conquered
by the Greeks, Servhins and Montene
grins, and which they staked out for
themselves. Hence the wall from
Athens that any concession to Tur
key will '-endanger the fruits of vic
tory gained by the allies above all
those of Greece and Servia."
Greece, apparently, fears that in case
Turkey ultimately retains her northern
fortresses, Bulgaria will more actively
dispute the Hellenic claims to the pos
session of Salonlki.
Sultan Telegraphs King.
The firm and unchangeable attitude
of Turkey on the subject of Adrianople
throughout the BeKtttiations is shown
in a telegram ironi-uie smia.n. so-msat-
xv WuiHiajw Mn .jijmtr Tinrr Trnmr ne
is prompted by the most peaceful mo
tivw. he Is unable to renounce Turkey's
! hold on Adrianople, which all Ottomans
consider as a Mohammedan sanctuary.
Diplomats in all the European coun-
tries are anxious to seo tne reai peace
negotiations begun, as they consider
thcre wlu then be a better chance of
settlement of the Austro-
si atsnntt- which is still worry-
Servian dispute, which is still worry
. . ;,. r t?.,o
mt: liic iirx v rm ja. a-u j wv
" A i,. w J.
Clrr-r-bm Want J on Inn.
In a dispatch from Constantinople
the correspondent of the Daily Mall
says the delay in effecting an armis
tice seems to be due to the Greeks
desiring the surrender of Janina to
themselves and Ecutari to the Monte
negrins and to their objection to rais
ing the blockade on the Albanian
The Sofia correspondent of the Lon
don Times says:
"The Turks would only consent to
raise the Turkish blockade on the
Black sea on condition that the Greeks
raise the blockade on the Aegean. It
is doubtful whether the Greek govern
ment will agree to this.
Austrin Forms Three Armies.
The Belgrade correspondent of the
Chronicle gives an outline of the Aus
trian war plans and says:
"Austria is forming three I armies.
1 two directed against Russia and one
against servia. ine ursi, or iiuriuerii
army to defend Galicla Is being cen
centrated in the fortified triangle
formed by Cracow, Tomassew and
PrzemysL Around Lemberg and also
the frontier, entrenchments are being
dug and the vast plain covered with
wire entanglements to check the pos
sible advance of Russian cavalry.
"The second, or eastern army is
gathering in Transylvania and Bukc
wina. along the Russian frontier. Tne
third, or southern army, will operate
partly from the south of Hungary
against Belgrade and Semendia, to
force a passage over the Danube into
Moravia valley and partly from Bos
nia and Herzegovina against ttie west
ern Servia frontier and the Sanjak of
San FrancIco Patrolmen Chop Their-
Way Ont. After Being Imprisoned
In Gas-filled Chambers.'
San Francisco. Calif.. Dec. 3. Chinese
gamblers resorted to desperate strategy
last night to evade the police, and
lured two officers to imprisonment in
gas-filled chambers, leaving them to
asphyxiate. The fact that each officer
carried a small ax saved them, as they
succeeded In chopping holes through
the walls to obtain air and aid.
Corporal Goff, the first victim, was
walking alone, -when an unknown
Chinese brushed by him and whispered,
"Plgow in Siberia club."
Without waiting to call his squad,
Goff rushed to the club, which was
lighted up as usual. He thrust aside
the doorkeeper. As the door swung
back he heard bolts click and simulta
neously the gas lights went out Try
ing the other door, he found himself
imprisoned in a narrow hallway seven
feet long and almost Immediately be
came aware that gas was rushing from
the open jets.
UTS VIT3H JY710-
After 15 minutes furious work with 1
his ax, he penetrated the wall and was
rescued nearly overcome.
Officer Bailey was trapped similarly
in another club at almost the same
SAYS WOMBS AXD RACE HORSES
ARE CAUSE OF HIS DOWNFALL
Trinidad, Colo., Dec 3. Declaring
that his conscience compelled him
either to confess or to commit suicide,
W. H. Seed, a Santa Fe railroad tele
graph operator, surrendered himself to
the police here, saying that he was
wanted at Fernald, O., for the embez
zlement of $375 from the Adams Ex
press company and the Chesapeake &
Ohio Railroad company.
He had been an employe of "the ex
press company 10 years, was a 'promi
nent Y. M. C. A. worker and sang in a
church choir. He said the attractions
of women and race horses had been the
l cause o his downfaU.
Evidence Showed the Senior
Boyce Planned to Help
Get Sneed 's Wife Again.
Fort "Worth, Texas," Dec. 3. J. Beal
Sneed was today found not guilty of
the murder of captain Al G. Boyce. sr.
The demonstration by Sneed and his
attorneys over the verdict was spectac
ular. AValter Scott and IV. P. McLean,
lawyers for the defence, were fined for
throwing their hats over the chandeliers
in the court room.
Sneed emitted a cowboy yell but the
court refused to censure him or to fine
Mrs. Sneed awaited the verdict is a
downtown hotel. Sneed telephoned the
news to her.
Sneed's relatives denied today that
Mrs. Sneed had been closely guarded
in her hotel here.
"She has been tree to coma and go
as she wished," they; saJft. '-"She is
ha&KV .oser tl
. the. -ajJatattptbiaitfu-loves
. - . - -. . . jr - '
ner nusDera- and her ea
History of the Cose.
John Beal Sneed killed capt A. G.
Boyce in a hotel in Fort Worth Jan.
13, 1912, shortly after the elopement
of Sneed's wife with Al. Boyce g Can
ada. Sneed had trailed the couple to
Canada and had succeeded in bringing
his wife back to Texas and incarcerat
ing her in a sanitarium, where she had
been when she eloped with young
j Boyce. Sneed. it was brought out at the
I trial just concluded, had received infor
mation mat tne elder Boyce was try
ing to aid the woman in escaping from
the sanitarium to rejoin young Boyce,
who was still in Canada. Sneed killed
the senior Boyce in a Ft. Worth hotel
and stood trial for the offence, but the
Jury failed to agree the first time.
Later only a couple of months ago
after the return of young Boyce from
Canada to Amarillo, Sneed waylaid him
in tne streets oi Amarillo ana Killed
him also. It was brought out at the
pureliminary hearing for bond for
Sneed, that young Boyce had been
again communicating with Mrs. Sneed
in the sanitarium, in an effort to get
her out of the place. Sneed has yet
to stand trial at Amarillo for the kill
ing of young Boyce.
Both Families "Wealthy.
The Sneed and Boyce families are
among the most prominent cattle fam
ilies in the Panhandle and had always
been friends. Both Sneed and Al. Boyce
were suitors for the hand of Mrs. Sneed
many years ago. Boyce renewed his suit
unci onccu iiuu wiie xieiu uwn iiiitxiicu ,
several Tears and the wife finallv con- !
fessed to Sneed that she loted Boyce.
Sneed had her confined in a sanitarium
and it was from there- that she escaped
and went to Canada with young Boyce.
The families Involved in the two trag
edies are wealthy and have had promi
nent parts in the up-building of Texas.
After the elopement Sneed spent .$20.
000 in a chase across the continent to
find his wife.
Sneed's first trial on the charge of
killing captain Boyce resulted in a dis
agreement Sneed's Friends Elated.
Amarillo, Texas, Dec 3. Immediately
upon reecipt of the news of the acquit
tal in Fort Worth of John Beal Sneed
today on a charge of murder, growing
out of the killing of Capt A. G. Boyce
in that city, numerous telegrams of
congratulation were forwarded to
Sneed. Amarillo neighbors 'and friends
are elated over the acquittal.
Tricks of Newspaper Voting "Contests,"
and How the Contestants Are Worked
Each Is Made to Think He or She Will
FEW days ago I received a let
ter from one of the newspaper
trade Journals asking for an ar
ticle on voting contests. Then It oc
curred to me that an article of that
kind would be of interest to the read
ers of The El Paso Herald. I am op
posed to voting contests, and for good
From a money making standpoint,
the voting contest is a big success, as
far as the contest manager and the
owner of the newspaper are concerned;
but for tKe young and innocent contest
ant it is the next thing to business
The contest manager comet, to town
and calls upon the newspaper, which Is
interested in a voting contest The
manager of the paper and the contest
man come to an agreement as to the
amount of money to be put into prizes
and the number of new subscribers
that must be secured. The newspaper,
of course, is safe, as the contract calls
for the collection of a certain sum of
The deal closed, the contest man
hunts up girls to enter the voting con
test It Is easy to get a list of 25 or
50 contestants. He gives to all of them
about the same line of talk: "Now,
Miss So-and- so, there is no possible
chance for you to lose. I know you
"will win the grand prize. The other
girls in the contest are 'dead ones.
You are the only live one in the bunch."
3f it is not this, it's something similar
and the same to alL
True. as in every profession
oar. vocation. there are some
'w . U fiJ.-.T. . JC
Upper picture Is that of XrS, 3. B.
Sneed, who eloped with AL Boyce,
-whose father was killed by J. B.
sneed; lower picture is thnt of J. B.
Sneed, ncoultted todny, hut who must
now stand trial for killing Al. Boyce
NEGRO SLUGGER TO
WED WHITE GIRL
Will 3Iarry Girl Whose Associations
With Hfm Canned His Arrest;
To Hove Moving Pictures
Of the Wedding.
Chicago, -111.. Dec. 3. jack Johnson.
negro pugiUst. declared today that he
planned to marry tonight Luclle Cam
eron, the 19 year old Minneapolis
girl, whose mother caused his arrest
on serious charges.
The prize fighter said a moving
picture concern had agreed to pay hftn
$5000 to make a film of the wedding,
which is scheduled to take place at
the home of his aged mother on the
Johnson today procured a license to
wed Miss Cameron.
When Johnson first made his appli-
cation the girl was not with him and
me cierK uectmeu ju jssuu iu
Johnson then appealed to Robert M.
Sweitzer. county clerk, who .overruled
the clerk and Johnson went away grin
ning, with the document In his pocket.
Johnson explained to the county 1
clerk that the records in court show
that the Cameroi. girl Is ovqr 18 years
Win, hut Usually the One With tne Mch
honest contest managers, but
the requirements of the contest system
make fair dealing almost impossible.
Out of the 25 or 30 names that appear
as workers in the contest advertise
ment only eight or nine are active
after the fifth week of the contest The
others, for one reason or another, have
dropped out The schedule of votes is
printed each day, but from the number
of votes one cannot get an idea as to
the running. The contest man gener
ally runs the names of girls who are
getting discouraged at the head of the
list, And keeps the -winners far down.
To do this he issues "hold back" re
ceipts for votes and tells the girls.
who hold the receipts, to put them in
the ballot box on the last night of the
contest The contest man tells these
hard working girls to get these secret
"hold-back" receipts for votes when
they turn in their subscriptions. He
also instructs each one of these girls
not to tell anyone how many votes she
is holding. He does not wish this in
formation to get to the other contest
ants. Consequently, the contest man
ager is the only one who knows what
the actual vote is.
When the contest Is drawing to a
close. If the contest man has not al
ready "fixed" it with one of the con
testants to win the grand prize, he will
pick out the girl who has the father,
brother or friend with the necessary
money, and tell him that the girl has
only one chance to win and that It
(-takes $600. $700 or $S00 to win the first
prize. The man with the money. If he
is easy, then asks- "Can you guarantee
the first prize it I put that much money
I in the box on the closing niht?" The
I.. - 'Mbl1
Says He Is Happy Over the
Result Message on For
WORKING ON THE
Washington, D. C Dec 3. Presi
dent Taft sent a message to congress
today on the foreign relations of the
The message is the first of a series
of such communications which he will
make to congress in the early days of
the session, and deals entirely with
the foreign relations of the United
States. Beginning with the usual
reference to the existing good rela
tions with foreign powers, the presi
dent adds that these have been
strengthened by "a greater insistence
upon justice to American citizens, or
interests, wherever it may have been
denied, and a stronger emphasis of the
need of mutuality in commercial and
The Mexican situation, the Chamlzal
matter at El Paso and the Imperial
valley trouble with Mexico over the
waters of the Colorado are touched
upon among other things. Most of the
message is devoted to what has been
done in reorganizing the state depart
ment and the president declares that
the merit system has been applied ab
solutely In the consular and diplo
matic service. He asks for better sal
aries for ambassadors and wants the
United States to keep on building em
bassies in the different foreign capi
tals. He says diplomacy is the hand
maid of commercial intercourse and
peace and thinks the consuls of the
United States have done much for
Referring to Mexican relations, he
Tie Mexican Situation.
TFor two years revolution and
neighboring republic of Mexico. Bri
gandage has Involved a great deal of
depredation upon foreign interests.
There have constantly recurred ques
tions of extreme delicacy. On several
occasions vers difficult situations have
arisen on our frontier. Throughout
this trying period, the policy of the
United States has been one of patient
nonintervention, steadfast recognition
of constituted authority in the neigh-
boring nation, and the exertion of
every effort "to care for American In
terests. I profoundly hope that the
Mexican nation may soon resume the
path of order, prosperity and progress.
To that nation in its sore troubles, the
sympathetic friendship of the United
States has been demonstrated to a
He's Happy About Mexico.
"There were in Mexico at the begin
ning of the revolution some 30.809 or
40,000 American citizens engaged in
enterprise contributing greatly to the
prosperity of that Republic and also
benefiting the important trade be
tween the two countries. The invest
ment of American capital in Mexico
has been estimated at 71,000.000,000.
The responsibility of endeavoring to
safeguard those interests and the dan
gers inseparable from propinquity to
so ' turbulent a situation have been
great but I am happy to have been
able to adhere to the policy above out
lined a policy which I hope may be
soon justified by the complete success
of the Mexican people in regaining the
blessings of peace and good order."
Imperial Valley nnd Mexico.
Of the Imperial valley, the presi
' "In order to make possible, the more
effective performance of the work
necessary for the confinement in their
present channel of the waters of the
lower Colorado river, and thus to pro
tect the people of the Imperial valley,
as well as in order to reach with the
government of Mexico an understand
ment of American capital in Mexico
Ing regarding the distribution
of the -waters of the Colo
rado river, in which both gov
ernments are much interested, nego
tiations are going forward with a view
to the establishment of a preliminary
Colorado river commission, which shall
havo the powers necessary to enable
(Continued on next page).
By H. H. FRIS,
Manager Outside Circu
lation, 1 Paso Herald
Father or Male Friend, Is "Lucky."
contest man's answer is: "Mr. So-and-so.
if you put in that money, and your
girl does not win, I will give her an
automobile, same make and model as
we offered for the grand prize." The
contest man now has it all fixed Miss
So-and-so will win the grand prize.
But on the day before the close of the
contest, Mr. Contest Manager looks up
each of the girls in turn, and the same
story goes to all. It is this, or some
thing similar: "Now. look here. Miss
So-and-so, you want to come across
with at least so much more business to
enable you to get a look in on this
grand prize." With this line of talk,
he "scares the life out of them," and
I nicy get uus. iui ttii u& liiciu, uui
mum ol mem, get wnsi mey can jrom
their friends, and they themselves put
in a bunch of their personal money just
before the close, each being led to be
lieve that she has a chance.
Then the judges start counting votes,
within a few hours the winners are
announced. Miss So-and-so wins the
grand prize. This is the girl who had
the father or brother with the money.
The other girls, who -worked day and
night for over two months, receive the
small prizes and go home disappointed,
physical "Wrecks from constant worry
and hard work.
In some states, within the next year,
laws will be passed prohibiting voting
contests of all kinds. The better class
of newspapers, instead of running these
contests, are giving girls various prizes
for securing a stated number of sub
scribers. This is strictly a business
proposition to them: nobody stands to
lose, and each is paid in full ior all the
Senators Convene as High
Court of Impeachment to
HOUSE CAST VOTE
TO REMOVE HIM
Washington, D. a. Dec 3. The sen
ate convened today as a high court- of
impeachment to try judge Robert W.
Archbold, of the commerce court on 13
separate charges alleged to constitute
"high crimes and misdemeanors."
Counsel for the Judge has admitted
the commission of all the acts alleged,
but denied that any was improper.
Judge Archbold and his attorneys en
tered the chamber promptly, as did the
The court adopted formal orders, set
ting the hour of meeting daily at 2
oclock and providing that the opening
statements of the case should be' made
by one person on each side. That -will
confine the opening statements to rep
resentative Clayton, who had been
designated by the house managers, and
A. S. Worthington, chief of the counsel
for judge Archbold.
The court then took a brief recess.
Impeached By the House.
The charge against judge Archbald
arose in connection with private and of
ficial acts both as a judge of the court
of commerce and as United States dis
trict Judge for Middle Pennsylvania.
He was impeached by the house of rep
resentatives after a full investigation of
the facts by the department of Justice,
and extended hearings before the house
After the house committee on judi
ciary had concluded its hearings last
spring it recommended that judge
Archbald be called before the senate
under impeachment proceedings. The
last time the house had exercised its
impeachment powers was in 1904 when
judge Swanc. United States Juuga - forJ
the aortwern district of Florida, was
called to account for misconduct and
was acquitted by the senate. The house
of representation on July 11, 1912.
adopted articles of impeachment by a
vote of 222 to 1 and a committee headed
by representative Clayton of Alabama,
was chosen to act as the managers on
the part of the house to try the case
before the senate. The house managers
urged the senate to grant an immediate
trial but that body declined to hear
the case before the end of the last ses
sion. Thirteen Separate Articles.
Thirteen separate articles constitute
the basis for the impeachment trial.
These embrace dealings between judge
Archbald and railroad officials and
others in regard to Pennsylvania coal
or "culm" dumps and coal lands; con
tributions by attorneys and others to
the judge's vacation trip to Europe in
1910; reputed "secret" correspondence
by the judge with a railroad attorney
concerning a pending case; ..nd alleged
attempts to have notes payable to judge
Archbald discounted by attorneys and
litigants before his court
In presenting, the case to the house
representative Clayton said that the
judiciary committee was of opinion that
Judge Archbald's "sense of moral re
sponsibility had become deadened" and
that he had "prostituted his high office
for personal profit" The principal
charge grew out of the Katydid Culm
bank deal. In this charge it was as
serted that while the Erie Railroad
company had pending before the com
merce court two suits, judge Arohbald,
corruptly taking advantage of his of
ficial position, induced the officials of
the Hillside Coal & Iron company and
of the Erie railroad which owned that
company, to agree to sell the coal com
pany's interest in the Katydid dump to
judge Archbald and Edward J. Wil
liams. Judge Denies Charge.
In his answer judge Archbald denied
that he had acted corruptly, or had tak
en advantage of his position. His at
torneys took the position that it was
not a crime for a federal judge to be
come interested in an attempt to pur
chase property from one who was or
might become a litigant before his
court They declared that no attempt
was made to get the property for less
than its fair value.
Another prominent charge was that
judge Archbald undertook for a con
sideration to assist George H. Watson,
an attorney of Scranton. Pa., to settle
a reparation suit brought by the Ma
rion Coal company against the Dela
ware, Lackawanna and Western Rail
road company, and to sell for C. G.
Bcland and W. P. Boland, a large por
tion of the stock of the Marlon Coal
company to the railroad. In his answer
judge Archbald declared he acted in
this matter merely as a friend of Wat
son and C G. Boland, without ever hav
ing received a suggestion of compensa
tion. In response to every charge attorneys
for judge Archbald replied that the
acts charged did not constitute an im
peachable offence, or a high crime or
(Continued on page 5.)
R YAN SA YS DETECTIVES
' CRACKSMAN DRILLED THE LOCK OF SAFE
"ROBBED" HIS OFFICE
Indianapolis. Ind.. Dec 3. Frank M.
Ryan, president of the Iron Workers'
union, testified at the "dynamite con
spiracy" trial today that his office
was "robbed" by detectives when J. J.
McNamara, the secretary, was arrested
in April. 1911.
Ryan, asserting he had no suspicion
McNamara had stored explosives at the
union headquarters, said he protested
when officials of the National Erect
ors' association joined detectives in
searching the files. While he was en
deavoring to furnish the combination
of the safe, he said a cracksman pro
ceeded to drill the lock. Meantime,
McNamara was being hurried to Cali
fornia During the search of the premises.
Ryan said, he sent for his attorney and
compelled the authorities to produce
Will Dangle Patronage Be-
fore the Lawmakers to
Get What He Wants.
EACH OPEN JOS
(By Winfield Jones.)
Washington, D. G, Dec 3. Thatr
Woodrow Wilson, as president, will use
tne patronage club to drive Benators and.
members of the house into linn lor his
policies and for the legislation he wants,
is the word received in Washington, from.
certain of the elose friends of the presi-t
Perusal of the utterances of Mr. Wil-,
son indicates a disposition on his part
to believe it proper for the chief execu
tive to wield the executive authority;:
vigorously. He does not apparently sub-
scribe to the notion that the executive),
should confine himself stringently to
executive duties and leave congress to I
handle the legislative situation entirely.
Has Done It Before.
When Mr. Wilson, became governor oil
New Jersey, he held back certain choice,
appointments until he got legislation'
which he sought. Now, taking it for'
granted there will be an extra session
of congress next spring, the new presi
dent will be in a position, if he desires,
to refrain from making a long list of ap
pointments until the tariff has been re
vised and he has obtained the sort of
tariff bills he wants put through.
It is not the highest order of states
manship, perhaps, to liae up a senator
to vote for a given bill by dangling be
fore his eyes an ambassadorship lor a
friend or an appointment as minister
for some political beuteBant. But prac
tically this method ot getting votes
f . , ; ." ".. T
- Jpuiwett m nas oeen iregn pracjcfl. b.
I wasningtoa. sometimes tne success oi
such methods has been striking. Every
reeent president has done that sort of
thing, more or less.
Many Bis: Appointments.
Wilson will have more big appoint
ments to make than any incoming execu
tive since MeKinfoy in his first term.
ith all these offices at his disposal,
and with a disposition to use them to
get the legislation he wants, it is clear
that the new president is going to have
a Iarpe hand in the earring of the tariff
In the diplomatic service alone there
will be a remarkable lot of new appoint
ments to make. No less than 10 ambas
sadorships are expeeted to be left va
cant and no less than 32 ministerships.
Each ambassador and minister will re
sign on March 4, as a matter of course,
and there is no reason to doubt that
sooner or later every Republican's plaee
as the head of an embassy or legation
will be taken bv a Democrat. This would
be in accordance with eustom, and nob
in violation of civil service requirements.
These diplomatic appointments will;
provide some of the most important pa
tronage offerings in the hands of the
new president. It is not unlikely that,
judicious distribution of these appoint
ments alone would serve to help the
cause of some struggling tariff measurj.
that does not have quite enough friend'
in house and senate to put it throutjh.
But if to these appointments is added'
the immense amount of other patronage.
in all departments of the government!
which the new administration will have)
to bestow, perhaps with the organization
of a new department, that of labor,
added, it is not difficult to see tb&t the'
incoming president will be in a position
of tremendous power. Of course, some of
the appointments, such as cabinet mem-'
bers, will have to be made at the outset'
of the administration. But a large share
of them can be permitted to drift along
for months after inauguration.
All Want Jobs.
Nearly half a million "life-long Demo
crats" throughout the United States are
hot going to see Woodrow Wilson fail
in his administration of the affairs of
the United States if fiey ean help it.
They are willing to sacrifice themselves
upon the altar of patriotism, even if
they are compelled to accept jobs at sal
aries ranging from $70fl to $10,006, in
order to help him crt of the tight hole
he is in.
There are several hundred thousand
Democrafe distributed throughout the
various states, who. like Barkis, are
"williny although they are not going
after jobs with spurs on their boots. But
there are more than 200,000 who intend
(Continued on next page.)
. search warrants. Kighty-two quarts of
! PltrOlvCArinft WArA fAnnrf In th. VAt.lt
isked what he meant in writine from
New York in April, 1909. to union
headquarters, "I will not have a report
this month. Nearly all my work can
not be referred to."
The government charges that as head
of the union, Ryan, from New York,
was directing union officials In otter
cities about jobs to be;blown up. J
"I meant by that tht I was tryfng
to settle disputes xmong the iron
workers in New York." answered Rp-an.
"and I did not think it wise for mem
bers in other cities to knoV there was
so much d.ssersion in the ranks.
Ryan added he gave little attention
to the $1000 a month used by McNama-
(Continued on page 5.)
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