Newspaper Page Text
EL PASO, TEXAS,
January 7, 1913 10 Pages
Fair tonight and AVedneKday.
Balkan Allies Threaten to
Resume War, but Are Re
luctant to Make Move.
FRIENDLY ADVICE IS
OFFERED BY POWERS
310IIB PEACE PROFOSALS. T
London. England, Jan. 7.
The Turkish government has
firmly decided not to make any -r
new proposals of peace, accord- -t
ins to a dispatch rrom uonstan
London, England. Jan. 7. There is
practically no disposition in London to
doubt that as soon as the delegates of
Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro and
Xrvln. hflTA celebrated the orthodox
Christmas holiday the peace conference
vhirJi ariiniirnert without flxintr a date
which adjourned without fixing a date
lor tne next session, wim oe resumeu.
There is a deep seated reluctance
! among all parties against the reopen
ing of hostilities, although threats oi
such an eventuality are still uttered.
At the same time the powers are
occupied in offering friendly advice to
the antagonists, and in case this
should prove insufficient the ambas
sadors are seeking for the best method
Speculation concerning the method of
providing an issue from the present
deadlock are rife. It is asserted that
Rechad Pasha, the principal Turkish
delegate, has telegraphed to Constan
tinople asking to reconvene the con
ference and may make some explana
tions which he was prevented from
giving yesterday owing to the brusque
suspension of the session. At the next
meeting it is his turn to preside.
Much is hoped for from the action of
the European powers, especially from
Russia. It is believed that the great
est effort of the powers will be exer
cised at Constantinople. If weeks
elapse, however, without the yielding
of Constantipole. the Bulgarians de
clare they will "speak."
The Greek delegates went to the
Greek church today, while the Bul
garians. Servians and Montenegrins
went to the Russian church, explain
ing that this was done simply because
they do not understand Greek.
EXPLORER DISCOVERS VEW
LAND NEAR SOLTH POLE
Berlin. Germany, Jan. 7. Lieut. Wil
liam Fitchner, the German Antarctic
explorer, returned with is expedition
to Buenos Aires after an absence or is
months in the southern seas.
Lteut- Fitchner cables from Buenos
Aires that the expedition has been
most successful. He discovered new
land, which he nam Prince Regent
Lsitpold land, and also. E lce harrier
which he amed-BBsr Wllheim IL
Lieut Fttchner purposes continuing
his explorations. It was not hie in
tention to attempt to reach, the Soeth
pole. His declared purpose was to
learn, if possible, the character of the
land in the Antarctic circle and wheth
er it was really a continent or consist
ed of islands divded by frozen arms of
DRIVEN DKSPERATE BY PAIN
DOCTOR USES KNIFB ON SELF
Minnaoolis. Minn.. Jan. 7. Driven to
desperation by pain and his inability to
find a surgeon who could relieve him,
Lr W. M. Beck, of Clarkfield, Minn.,
stood before a mirror in his office,
made an incision just below his left
jaw, cut away the flesh from the point
of the chin almost to the left ear,
scraped the bone and then sewed up
the. wound. His operation, however,
failed to relieve him of a growth
v,hich threatened to destroy the Jaw
bone, and today he is in a local hos
pital where another operation has been
When Dr. Beck performed his own
operation, he was aided only by a
nurse, who was the first to give way
under th& strain.
PAUL NASIL U. S. CONSUL AT
BUDAPEST, DIBS IN LONDON
London. England. Jan. 7. Paul Nash.
Vnited States consul at Budapest, died
suddenly here at a hotel today. Death
was due to natural causes.
Mr Nash was 35 years old and had
been in the diplomatic service at Bang
kok. Venice Vladivostok, Rheims and
Budapest While consul at Venice he
married the baroness Ina Mayneri, of
GREBK MINERS (ABE BURIED
BV CAVEIN AT BLVGHAM.
Bincham. Utah, Jan. 7. A shift boss
and three Greeks'ln the under ground
workings of the United States Copper
ompany were buried beneath a cavein
f rock and earth here early today.
The bodv of one of the Greek miners
Tias been recovered and a gang of men
is digging for the others.
WILL OPERA TE TRAINS
BY ELECTRIC POWER
Washington, D. C, Jan. 7. What secretary Fisher, of the interior department,
believes to be the beginning of the electrification of all transcontinental railroads
was marked today by a grant to the Great Falls (Mont) Power company to trans
mit, over public domain, under strict government regulations, power for the elec
trification of 450 miles of tracks of main line of the Chicago, Milwaukee & Puget
Sound railroad between Harlowtown, Mont, and Avery, Idaho.
The fact that the Great Falls company was 'willing to accept the fullest pro
visions for the protection of public interests, even where all it was asking was for
a transmission line, is of even greater importance from the public benefit point of i
view," asserted secretary Fisher today, "than the further great electrification of
railroads which must follow.
"It demonstrates," he continued, "not only that the provisions for protection of
the public interest upon which the department of the interior insists, do not pro
hibit water power development which has yet taken place in the practical applica
tion of electricity can be and is being provided."
SENATOR SMITH TALKS
New Orleans, La., Jan. 7. A conference between senator William Alden Smith,
of Michigan, chairman of the senate committee investigating Mexican affairs, and
tenor Pedro Lascurian, minister- of foreign affairs of Mexico, took place here last
It is understooa senator Smith talked plainly to the Mexican minister about
the disturbed conditions in Mexico and the ill-treatment which Americans and
American property have been subjected to in that country in the last two years.
"I told him of many incidents with which I was familiar, of murder, of law
lessness and wanton destructions of property," said Mr. Smith after the meeting.
"I told him I thought in some cases Mexican officials accredited to this government
had made use of cur hospitality in a manner not wholly becoming to the consular
service. I did not hesitate to say that the forebearance df Americans living on the
border had been barely tried and without much encouragement that the conditions
would be improved."
Witness Refuses to Give the
Names of Bankers Who
Sold Oil Stock at Profit.
PT7JO FAVORS AN
ACTION FOR CONTEMPT
'Washington, D. C, Jan. 7. The
house money trust committee sot far
enough into the stock market affairs
of the California Petroleum company
today to develop testimony that 24
officers of the national banks in New
York. Chieago, Detroit and Milwaukee
f participated in a syndicate formed to
market its snares at a profit of SoO,
000. None were required to put up
When the committee tried to draw
from Geo. G. Henry, of the New York
firm of Solomon & company, who was
giving the testimony, the names of
the banks and their officers, it struck
I ." "" " "Vinou re into tho bus!
T mittee s power to inquire into the bus-
a snag ana tne question of the corn-
iness of the National Banking associa
tion was raised again. Mr. Henry
flatly declined to give -the names and
read into the records his reasons in
the form of a statement prepared Ivy
former senator J. C. Spooner, which
set out that the committee was acting
outside of its authority in that line of
' Chairman Pujo assured Mr. Henry
that the. investigators would recom
mend to the full committee and the
house that he be held in contempt, but
the witness was firm in his determi
nation not to answer.
Samuel Untermyer pressed the wit
nessed closely for his opinion of the
propriety of national banks or their
officers which might he called upon to
make loans upon stocfc, taking an in
terest in a syndicate for its marketing,
but Mr. Henry protested he saw noth
ing objectionable in such an opera
tion. Clearing House Fixed Rates.
The operations of the Clearing House
association of Salt Lake City. Utah.
and its controversy with the National
Copper bank of that city, were ex-
Elained to the committee. Five "Salt
ake City bankers testified.
W. W. Armstrong, president of the
National Copper bank, recounted the
circumstances that resulted in the
separation of his bank from the clear
ing house. He said that when the Cop
per National declined to abide by a
rule adopted by the clearing house for
bidding banks to pay interest on open
or checking accounts, the eight other
members of the clearing house dis
solved the association and immediate
ly formed a new one. with a constitu-
ftion including the rule, to- which the
Copper National objected, xne uopper
National declined to subscribe to? the
Sa.- - . At .... a,.......!...! A.. HIT..
-Armstrong said that It was costing-Ills
bank 1x5.000 a year extra 10 -operate,
outside of the clearing house. He
asserted that the Salt Lake clearing
house rules regulated rates and Inter
est to be charged in -practically every
transaction between a bank and its
clients, and he endeavored to argue
that the association was in restraint
of trade, usurping the functions of
the officers of the banks.
W. & McCormick and three other
members of the association said that
Mr. Armstrong had stated the facts
about as they had occurred, but they
disagreed with his view of the ethics
of the situation, maintaining that the
association was acting within its
The committee contemplates a sus
pension of hearings within a few
weeks, to allow the preparation of an
intermediate partial report, to be sub
mitted to this congress before March 4.
Consider New Beating Plan.
Seeking to evolve a new currency
system plan to be recommended to
congress as a substitute for the one
proposed by the national monetary
commission. a sub-committee of the
house committee on banking and cur
rency today began a series of public
hearings that probably will continue
Bankers and financial experts from
all parts of the country have been,
invited to give their views. Those
heard today included A. Barton Hep
burn. Victor Morawetz, a writer and
Leslie M. Shaw, former secretary of
War AgalnHt U. S. Commerce.
Charges of a war against United
States commerce in South America,
'combinations of European ports and of
the operation of the alleged "shipping
trust" to drive out independent steam
ship lines, were laid before the hBuse
merchant marine committee on investi
sratlnir the shinnlntr combine today by
Sidney Storey, of New Orleans, one of
the organizers of the Pan-American
He says that when Ej.cr.eaT lines
(Continued on Next Page.)
Manufacturers Discuss Sub
jects Ranging From Poker
Chips to Sponges.
WITNESS OBJECTS TO
"Washington, D. C, Jan 7. Manufac
turing interests from Paris to San
Francisco, affected Dy the contemplated
revision of the tariff, were represented
today at the second hearing before the
house ways and means committee. The
hearlnngs are to continue until January
31. the time being divided between
the tariff schedules taken up in se
quence. The committee is calling the wit
nesses as near as possible to their al
lotted time. Failure of a witness to ap
pear at the appointed time forfeits his
right to speak, though one is permit
ted to me a supplemental brief, rne
plan of chairman Underwood is to get
, through examinations as expeditiously
l , ls consistent with the noliev of al-
as is consistent with the policy of al
lowing all interested to present their
"Want Tariff Malntnlned.
The discussion ranged from poker
chips to sponges and from caustic pot
ash to laundry soap. The burden of
the arguments was the maintenance
of the present tariff instead of the
changes proposed by the Democrats
along the line of the terms of the
chemical tariff revision bill, that was
put through both houses to a white
house Teto last year.
Pictures Gigantic Glue Trust.
The specter of a gigantic glue trust
whose tentacles reached out over Eu
rope and into South America was
raised by Charles Delaney, president of
the National Association of Glue &
Gelatin- manufacturers. Mr. Delaney
pictured "the Kuropean glue trust" as
controling 75 per cent of the output of
glue of the continent of Europe and
extending its operations to South
The glue trust, he said, also was
largely engaged in the manufacture
of gelatine. The witness said the
present tariff on glues and gelatin
was not prohibitive. He declared any
material change in-the present condi
tions seriously would weaken the in
dustry. He suggested separating the two
items, agreeing there could be some
adjustment Of the rates if glue and
gelatin were separated in the tariff
Carls Hair As a Side Line.
The committee sharply questioned
several of the witnesses regarding
their profits. Mr. Delaney did not
give any round figures at first but
"What's"; your, side liner' he was
"Curling hair," he Teplied.
"You'll find the gentleman from
Kentucky a pretty good customer,"
: interjected representive Longworth, of
Ohio, while senator-elect James, of
Kentuoky, a member of the committee
who loves a joke about his bald head,
smiled indulgently and promised his
"Witness Objects to Query.
The committee interrogated M. Do
rian, treasurer of the American Graph
ophone company of Bridgeport Conn.,
so closely about its business that he
told the members he did not think
it their business to ask about private
details. Mr. Dorian wanted shellac md
copal kept on the free list He inti
mated that the effect of 'making them
dutiable might be to shift the manu
facture of their large export business
to their London factory. Mr. Under
wood drew from the witness that the
graphaphone company pays seven
per cent dividends, amounting to
$700,000 on a $10,000,000 capi
talization, that it carried a bonded
indebtedness of more than $1,000,906
and that the suggested duty on these
two articles on which the Democratic
plan to raise about $300,000 would
mean an expense of about $25,000 to
$30,000 to his company.
Need of Lanndry Sonp.
William H. Wadhams, representing
soap interests, paid a tribute to the
great need of lanudry soap. He por
trayed It as a necessity of life and con-
lenaea mac to put tne burden or a
tariff on the raw materials used' in
an article that goes into the homes of
the poor would be unjust
Mr. Wadhams said the soap indus
try was subject to highly competitive
conditions and had been built up on a
reliance of free raw materials. He
said that while the manufacturers did
not oppose a moderate reduction of
duty on laundry soap, an elimination
of the duty would have a very serious
Albert Hart, of New York, wanted
tariff encouragement for the infant 'n
dustry of manufactured or bleached
CHANCE SAYS HE WILL NOT
PLAV BASEBALL AGAIN".
Chicago, 111, Jan. 7. Frank Chance
arrived here this afternoon and con
firmed the statement that he will not
engage in baseball next season. The
killing frost on the coast yesterday
he said made It all the more necessary
for him to spend a year on his fruit
ranch at Glendora, Calif.
After being closeted with Chance for
half an hour Farrell told the news
papermen that he -was negotiating with
Chance and that he hoped with con
siderable assurance of success to se
cure the signature of the former to act
as manager for the coming season.
OIL SHIP HITS
Astoria, Ore, Jan. 7. Leaving marine records strewn with tales of death
and disaster connected with her career, the oil tanker Rosecrans, once a United
States army transport, was lost on Peacock Spit, just beyond the bar, today in a
furious gale that drove her on the rocks. Thirty-three men of her crew of 36 per
ished when the ship went under, it is believed. The other three clung hopelessly to
a topmast and their death seemed certain.
The raging tumult of water about them defied rescuers. Huge seas battered at
them relentlessly; the gale stiffened their clinging fingers until they slipped mo
ment by moment to the end in the water beneath them.
A life saving crew stood by, but there was no chance to save them.
The Rosecrans was laden with a cargo of crude oil for Portland, Ore. It is
thought her officers lost their bearings in the fury of the blow and the unman
ageable tanker was hurled on the recks of Peacock Spit to pound herself to pieces.
An hour after she struck only her topmast with its human freight and the edge
of her funnel stood above the leaping seas.
Life saving crews from Fort Canby and Point Adams put out for the scene
against a 60 mile gale, sweeping up from the south. Big waves broke over thq
crews as the lifeboats struggled through the waters. When thy reached the
vicinity of the Rosecranlt it was found impossible to reach the vessel and the two
boats with the tugs cruised about, searching the-waters for possible survivors. So
far as known none of the crew was picked up.
New Senators Will Cross
Swords With the Old
Ones For the Big Berths.
PRECEDENT IS TO
BE BOWLED OVER
" "" " " "-
V JOHNSON BECOMES
n. SENATOR FROM TEXAS. V
Washington, D. C. Jan. 7.
K. M. Johnson, of Houston,
Tex., was sworn m today as
senator from Texas to succeed
Joseph W. Bailey, resigned.
Johnson is appointed by Gov.
i- 4-"r 4- -r
(By Wlnflcld Joncs.l
Washington, D. C.. Jan. 7. Commit
tee assignments in the senate' of the
63d congress are now being -discussed
among senators with more interest than
anything else, except perhaps the tariff
and currency reform.
The issue has practically taken the
formMif an ultimatum from the newer
Democratic senators, in -which number
are included many of the most active
members of that body, that they must
have their share of the Important com
mittee places, or they will overturn the
established order of senority that has
long been the bulwark of "old members'
control" in the senate.
The senate committee not only ex
ercises a practical control over all leg
islation of congress, but they control
much patronage. The agitation. In
Democratic ranks has arisen from the
fact that a few .Democrats long in the
senate held the ranking positions on
practically all the important commit
tees. If the rules Of seniority are fol
lowed each will be allowed to pick the.
chairmanship of one of these commit
tees, and at the same time hold second
position on others.
To Curb Old Senators'.
Several propositions' for a change
have been advanced. The most gener
ally accepted of them would give each i
of the old senators nis choice of ono
important committeeship, the com
manding places on the other commit
tees to be yielded, then, to the newer
Senators Bacon, Tillman and Mar
tin, who entered the senate in 1895,
head the Democratic membership of
many committees. Senator Tillman is
the ranking Democratic member of
eight committees, and under the
seniority system would be entitled, in
the new congress, to take the chair
manship of one and hold the second
position on all the-others. Under the
proposed plan, he would be entitled to
.select a enairmansnip nut wouiq tnen
second triiice on the IVthWf SUSr8JeIow last &bt- H?ffl 122
fSfSJfhSi.. ,!l hJ5 hiSn tieffKF rentinued -to w .delay edsta63SLfl
wf?lfMl-n,?W hld" by "e extreme cold. yea?35-fas
Ma-re- to jrMre-
ing the important positions.
Tillman's Possible Power.
Among the committees over which
senator Tillman would exercise control
are appropriations, interstate com
merce, and naval affairs. Senator Ba
con commands first pla.ee on five com
mittees, among them foreign relations,
judiciary, and rules, three of the best
committees of the list In addition to
being chairman of the Democratic cau
cus, senator Martin could be chairman
of either of four committees, including
Senator Culberson, who came in four
years later than either of these three.
is. the ranking Democrat on four com- '
iinticea, auu in auuuiua on me iourtn
of March will hold second place on ap
propriations and judiciary, giving him
his choice of the chairmanship of either
of those two If senator Bacon should
vacate Ms position on judiciary for the
chairmanship of foreign relations, or
if senator Tillman should forego his
opportunity to become chairman of ap
propriations. Senator Simmons, who entered the
senate as late as 1901, would have his
choice of the chairmanships of as many
as six committees, including finance.
President Elect Dlscnuscx General Lcg-
Iilatlon for Extra Session With.
Trenton, N. J , Jan. 7. President elect
Wilson has canvassed further into the
possibility of Increasing thn nm-T-nw
majority of the Democrats in the United
States senate for the next session. He
took up with United States senator
Johnson and representative McGillicud
dy, of Maine, details of the senatorial
situation in their state, where the pro
gressives admittedly hold the balance
of power in the legislature. The pres
ident elect is hopeful that senator Gard
ner yet may be reelected.
Representative A. Mitchell Palmer,
of Pennsylvania, and representative
Albert S. Burleson, of Texas bath of
them Democratic national committee
men from their respective states and
prominently identified with the "Wilson
campaign, conferred with llr. Wilson
for an hour. At the conclusion neither
man would say a word about the visit,
but governor Wilson made it clear that
he had not talked about the cabinet
with them, but had discussed general
legislation for the extra session.
"We talked chiefly of the tariff bills
and their readiness." said the governor.
Judge William Hammond, of Atlanta
Ga.. before whom Woodrow Wilson, as
a young attorney, once argued his
cases, called on the president elect to
urge support for the hill pending in
congress which would appropriate
$250,000 for the celebration in Phila
delphia of tHte 50th anniversary of the
(Continued 'on next page.)i
LDEST WEATHER EL PASO HAS
EXPERIENCED FOB PAST 26 YEA
Washington, D. C, Jan. 7. Thirty degrees below zero at Miles City, Mont, this
morning formed the climax of the cold through the west extending southeastward
to the gulf states. The northeastern part of the country has temporary protection
by the development of an area of high pressure over the Atlantic near the coast,
but this territory, according to the weather sharps, gradually will feel the cold be
fore the week is over. Southern California is experiencing tie coldest weather in
40 years. The temperature at San Diego was 28 early today, a record breaker for
At Pueblo, Colo., it was 22 degrees below zero this morning; at Denver, 18;
Salt Lake, 12; Cheyenne, 24; Minnedosa, Man., 36 below; El Paso, Tex 6 above;
Amarillo, 2 below.
GOLD IKE IS
Si TO BE
Weather Bureau Promises
Rising Temperatures For
Cities in the Southwest.
MERCURY IS 12
BELOW AT SANTA FE
Denver, Colo, Jan. 7. "Not so cold
with slowly rising temperature" was
the prediction for today and Wednes
day in Colorado, New Mexico and Utah
given out .today by the local weather
bureau. However, abnormally, low
temperatures were reported from these
states early with the zero line extend
ing west from Amarillo, Tex'., through
central New Mexico and Arizona, and
north through southwestern Nevada.
Seme of the below zero temperatures
reported for the last 24 hours are:
Amarillo, 2; Denver, IS: Pueblo 22;
Leauville, 26; Grand Junction. 18;
Cheyenne. 24; Sheridan, 22; Santa l-e,
12; Flagstaff, 16.
Unofficial reDOrts from Sloamhnat
"Springs in northwestern Colorado show
The present cold wave has lin Ac
companied by little wind in the Rocky
Mountain, states and meager renorti
from the ranges indicate comparatiTe-
Cold Wave General in Arizona.
Phoenix, Ariz., Jan. 7. Iast night
was the coldest in the history of Phoe
nix. The government observatory re
corded a temperature of 17. The pre
vious low record was 22. The cold wave
has covered Arizona generally. The
temperature at Tucson was 17 degrees
, Thirty-five Belonr In New 3fexico.
Albuquerque. N. M., Jan. . New
Mexico is in the grip of the severest
winter weather in years. The snowfall
ranges from one to 40 feet. In the cuts,
over the state, while the mercury regis
ters from nine degrees above zero to 35
below in- the northern part of the state.
Livestock losses will be heavy as a re
sult of the cold.
Zero Weather at RoHivell.
Roswell, N. M., Jan. 7. Roswell and
eastern New Mexico is in the grip or a
severe storm, the worst for 36 years.
Zero weather and blinding snow has
prevailed the past 24 hours. Sheep are
I K1i-. Tlr-lr.iv at fTIovls.
Clovis, N. M., Jan. 7. One of the
coldest spells this winter reached
Clovis Saturday afternoon and Is con
tinning. It has been snowing ever
since Saturday afternoon. However,
not before Sunday afternoon did the
snow stay on the ground. The ther
mometer reached five below zero.
Snow is falling and the wind is cold
and bleak. Reports haTe come In
that stock is suffering. The snow
south of here is falling faster and is
Three Below at Tucniucarl.
Tucumcari, N. M., Jan. 7. Snow fell
here for two days, although the fall
has not been heavy on account of the
extreme cold wave accompanying.
Thermometers registered three degrees
below zero, the coldest -weather so far
this winter. Cattle are said to be
standing the cold well so far and will
do well unless the cold continues
Nine Below, Big Springs.
Big Springs. Texas, Jan. 7. -It was
the coldest here last night in years,
registering nine below zero.
Ice Covers Salt I,nke Streets.
Salt Lake City, Utah, Jan. 7.. Zero
weather, broken water pipes, flooded
streets, blockaded street cars, capped
by a water shortage here, caused
great Inconvenience and in some cases
suffering in Salt Lake City. Bursted
water mains have covered several
streets with thick sheets of ice. which
has blocked street car tranic. Tne
river joruan is incn uvn.uy ouuu. ;
Mnrr Snorr Falls nt Seattle. I
Seattle, Wash.. Jan. 7. Four inches
of snow have fallen n Seattle and the
storm continues. In the Cascade moun
tains, where the northern trans-continental
railroads have been fighting
blizzards for a week, snow fell all day
and developed into a blizzard at nijht
fall and the snow, which lay 14 feet
deep at the summit, is being piled
Thirtv Below In South Dnkotn.
Sioux City, la.. Jan. 7. The coldest
weather of the winter is being ex
perienced in this section. It was seven
below zero here. At Sioux Falls the
temperature dropped to 14 below zero.
In the western part of South Dakota
it ranges from 22 to 30 below.
Six Mca Loose Lives.
Sandpn. B. C, Jan. 7. Six men were
caught in a snow slide from the moun
tain. 2000 feet above the Noble Five,
yesterday, and lost their lives.
Kanrns Suffers From Cold.
Kansas City. Mo.. Jan. 7. With zero
temnernture Drevailing many persons
at .Tonlin suffered from cold because
of an insufficient supply of gas. Snow
is general over Kansas and Oklahoma,
Eighteen Below at Pueblo.
Pueblo, Cola, Jan. 7. With the thor
mometer at the government weather
bureau registering 18 below zero, Pu
eblo experineced its coldest day since
Twenty-six Below at Cheyenne.
Cheyenee, Wyo, Jan. 7. Southeast
Wyoming is in the grip of the coldest
weather since 196, when it was 28 be
low and continued severe .weather for
two weeks. The Cheyenne weather of
fice reported 26 below and 2S below at
Burns, 2 miles east. Six inches vf
(Continued on next page).
California Growers Make
Futile Effort to Save
Their Orange Groves.
SHIPMENTS WILL BE
- 20,000 CARS SHORT
Los Angeles, CaL, Jan. . Tempera
tures from four to six degrees lower
than Sunday night were recorded last
night, blasting the hopes of orange and
lemon growers. It was admitted today
that citrus fruit- losses would be ex
tremely heavy. Estimates of damages
run from S1O,OOO.O0 to $30,000,900.
Railroad freight losses, figured In
terms of shipments, were approximated
in the statement of the shippers that
the 1913 crop of oranges and lemons
would be 20,000 cars short.
Within a radius of 125 miles of Los
Angeles, an area which embraces vir
tually all of the important orange and
lemon growing sections, smudge pots
by the thousand smouldered or blazed,
emitting dense clouds of smoke which
it was hoped would raise the tempera'
ture, witWR tlHf -fcrcterds stad-gra.v.fcS,
iwuipinam hi l ttwuxrawes
of f rati an the trees.
All sorts af smudcing systems were
employed. In places .crude-oil .was -used
to roll thick clouds of black, pungent
smoke among the orange and lemon
laden trees. In other sections blazing
distillate burners dotted the hill sides
and valleys, luridly illuminating the
smoke clouds overhead.
These smudging operations will be
continued until the present cold wave
abates. Then it will be possible to es
timate the damage "done not only to
the citrus crop, but to winter vegetables
and the orchards of walnut and decidu
ous fruit trees, which also suffered se
verely. According to the sales managers of
various growers" associations hardly
more than one-tenth of the orange crop
has been shipped out. The remainder,
they assert, will show serious losses.
Itiversldc Is Coldest Point.
Riverside was the coldest spot of
the citrus belt yesterday with a tem
perature of 22. Other temperatures
were: San Diego. 28; Los. Angeles, 28;
Oxnart, 24; Santa Ana, 24. These
were weather bureau figures, but pri
vate thermometers indicated that In
t Los Angeles, Pomona and several
other places it was much colder on the
W. A. Schaffer. a Pomona orange
grower, despaired of saving his crop
and to save his trees, fought cold with
coio. He sprayed his trees with wa
ter and although the sun was shin
ing brightly at the time, the water
immediately froze, bedecking the trees
"Want Men to riefc Oranges.
Bakersfield, Calif.. Jan. 7. A tem
perature of six degrees above zero
was recorded early today at Canfield.
100 feet above sea level. The cold
swept toward the San Emidio and Ed
ison citrus tracts where a tempera
ture of 22 was'recorded. Orange pick
ing has speeded up as sever before.
Citrus growers rushed auto trucks to
town and gathered in every available
man for the best prices offered In
years. The extent of crop damage can
not be ascertained as yet.
Pomona Growers Give Up Hope.
Pomona, CaL. Jan. 7. When the mer
cury dropped to 13 just before mid
night, the owners of 2000 acres of
orange groves in this section gave up
hope of saving their crops. They said
their loss would amount to hundreds
of thousands of dollars.
Heavy Durante at San Diego.
San Diego, Calif., Jan. 7. The cold
wave has caused much damage in
San Diego county and probably will
cause more. Reports from El Cajon,
Lamesa. Chula Vista and other fruit
growing centers are that the orange
and lemon crops have suffered se
verely and another heavy frost will
prove disastrous. Much garden truck
has been destroyed. At the public
fountains icicles formed
Switzerland of die Southwest
Opened To Automobile Traffic
At a tremendous expense, a road k now being completed through
the Sacramento mountains to Cloudcroft, that will rival anything in
America for beauty, connecting with a road at Cloudcroft through the
Indian reservation to Roswell and forming part of the Borderland route.
This wonderful new road, that will be opened this year, is described in
detail by H. R. Blankenship. of Alamogordo, m the Week-End El
,Paso Herald, this week, on the automobile page.
Advantages of BoixWiaad koute
C. H. Lester, who has probabJtraVefeiinqre throughout the
west by automobile than any other man, will haveae article in the same
issue on the advantagss-ot therBoTderland route. ItVill be well wotth
JU3sf"week, The Herald printed articles on the route through
An7Ana. from hoth Doints of view the Central and the Southern mfe
jhese interesting articles are to be
amtomobile pages in future.
One Degree Colder Than Any
Other Record Since 1887;
Then 4 Below.
CITY COVERED WITH
SNOW: HORSES FALL
Automobiles Slip and Skid,
Water Pipes Burst and
Trains Run Late. '
Now Is the time for all good men to
come to the aid of the weather man.
Reminlscently speaking, Tuesday was
the coldest morning since 18S7. It was
four degrees above
zero shortly after 6
clock Tuesday morn
ing. This WS3 six de
grees better than it
was on that histona
year when the tem
perature dropped te
minus two. This was
not the record in lo-
cal weather his tor v
however, fop in 1SS0
it dropped through
the floor and the
reading was five de
grees below zero.
In 1899 the gov
registered five de
grees above, which wa3 within one
point of the Tuesday morning record.
Said record was not established at the
usual reading time for low tempera
tures, at 6 oclock. when the tempera
ture read six degrees above zero in th
( weather tower, but it
tooK a lumBie it
four IS minutes aftei
S oclock and gave
the old timers some
thing to - ruminate
about while they sa
around the fire anc
.whittled. The cold
wave, whje&'ma been
predicted by tne
weather office, ar
rived ob scheduled
time. It got a good
running start before
tbe sun should have
set, if it bad been
shining, and was on
its way soon after
dark Monday evening. Nor one 5 t
without the heat zone of the radiators,
stoves and fireplaces Monday night ft
cept messenger boys, policemen anil
other unfortunates -who had important
business downtown. The lodges wore
attended by small crowds and the the
aters, moving picture- shows and skat
ing rinks had smaller ones.
Two Below at Fort Bliss.
At Fort Bliss the thermometer on the
fide of the hospital building went down
to two degrees be
low, zero at S oclock
making the border
patrol business anv
thing but what the
picture it All drills
except those abso
were discontinued for
the day. and only
horse exercise was
required at the post,
although the border
patrol continued to
patrol the mesquite
brush and sandduna
along the river bank.
Juarez, alw a s several degrees warm
er than Kl Paso, had nothing more to
brag about Tuesday than a 10 degree
temperature and a normal pulse, ac
cording to American consul T. D. Ed
wards's thermometer. Thls seems to
be a special provision of Providence,
for the thinly clad soldiers of the
Juarez garrison shivered like an Ar
kansas ague patient. The contrast was
marked between the thiBly dressed
Mexican soldiers and the troopers ot
Uncle Sam, with their heavy arctic
overshoes. long overcoats and hood
caps. Suburban readings In BI Paso
vary. At Morningside, Henry Capell's
highland estate, the thermometer read
three degrees above zero Tuesday
morning. At the H. P. Noake carriage
works, the thermometer registered one
SnsiT Establishes Record.
The snow established a record In its
own right Monday an Tuesday. Tlie
snowfall for the 24 hours ending Tues
day morning was two inches, which is
the heaviest this year, although not so
heavy as in previous years. In places.
the snow was blown in drifts until it
measured three feet deep. One peculi
arity of tbe snowfdHl was the fact that
(Continued on next page.)
features of the EI Paso Herald's
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