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title: 'El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, January 11, 1913, Week-End Edition, Section B, Page 3-B, Image 11',
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JL PASO HERAXD
Saturday, January 11, 1913
Frost Bitten Fruit Reaches Town
California Unloads Salvage From Recent Cold Snap Promise of Cheaper
LLTED California lettuce, frost
bitten fruit and vegetables
are coming into the local mar
ket after the freeze on the coast, which
has put a crimp into the fruit growers'
product and pocketbook. More of the
same is expected, as practically all of
the 1 Paso fruit and vegetable supply
tomes from California, and the growers
there havu bctn frank enough to write
i heir local customers to expect frosted
iruit and garden truck for the next two
FruK is expected to be cheaper in
the El Paso market, for the California
gri owers are unloading -what salvage
they had from .the storm and are of
ienng it at any old price to get it
i ito the market. Chili and green
H ppers have increased along with the
oilier California grown products, show
ing that the hot stuff gets frost bitten
Meats ami poultry continue higher
and the marketmen predict that the
unjiics: prices in years will prevail for
all kinds of meat, especially beef. They
-. v that the supply of beef is lowei
now than it has been in the past five
t ars and that prices will continue to
20 h.gher. The reason is that the Mei
1 an cattle cannot be marketed and the
demand in the east for beef is stronger
ih in it- iqo ViAAn In VAtHa
But cheer up, eggs will be cheaper. M
The Texas eggs will be on the marKtt
soon and tnese will be cheaper than
1 hey have been, because of the open
v inter which closed suddenly last
week Ranch eggs are now selling
for 50 cents, which is 10 cents cheap
er than last week.
The market list is:
California strawberries 15c per box
Arizona oranges 30, 40, 50c
Casabas I 35c each
Now navel oranges. 38, 46, 50c
Johnathan apples 3 lbs. for Sac
Green apples... 5c per lb., 6 lbs for S6c
l'lorida grape fruit 10c each
Tangerines 30c to 40c doz.
Lemons 20c to sic per doz.
(Wholesale, $6.50 per box.)
Imported Malaga grapes 25c lb
-ranges 30c to 50c per doz.
: ;aii&'.ia 26c to 38c xei ties.
yersimmons 20c lb.
I ineapples v. ... 3oc
Valley pears, 10c lb.' 3 lbs for 2jc
Crrnberries 15 cents straignt
rarnips 6c a lb.
Potatoes 2 l-2c per lb.
Cucumbers 5c each
(.Wholesale, $1.60 by sack.)
Artichokes 15c e3CO
Brussel Sprouts 20c per lb.
Parsley -. 5c per buncii
Oieen chili 25c lb.
Kpsrplant 25c lb.
Bill pep-per 25c per lb.
string Deans b "
r-iriichoe ...2 bunches for 5c
llubhard squash per lb. 5e
(Wholesale 30c per doz bunches.)
Beets, valley 5c, 3 for 10c
(Wholesale, 30c per doz. bunches.)
Valley cabbage .- Sc per lb.
(Wholesale, 3c per :b-
2ruacates .each 20c
Mountain cauliflower. 15c lb.. 2 lbs. 26c
Carrots 2 or 5c
(Wholesale. 26c per doz. bunches.)
allev celery 10c a stalk, 3 for 25c.
Lettuce 2 heads for 15c.
Onions, green 5c bunch. 3 for 10c
(Wholesale, 30c per doz. bunches.)
(Wholesale. 3c per pound.)
Tomatoes per lb. 15c, 2 lbs. 25c
(Wholesale $2.25 per crate.)
Onions. white......... 5c per lb.
Turnips 5c, 3 bunches lrc
New sweet potatoes
.2- l-2c per lb.
Pumpkin 4c lb.
Shell almonds -,.,.; -,60c lb.
Shell walnuts.... 60c lb.
Shell pecans SOc lb.
Cocoanuts -...---...-----.--- 10c each
Almonds ."25c per lb
Urazii nuts ...26c per lb.
Black walnuts .... lc lb., 3 lbs. for 25c
Chestnuts 26c per lb.
Filberts -sc per lb.
Pecans... ....... ...........2Sc per lb.
English Walnuts 25c per lb.
An Egg Farm and Its Possibilities Here.
By J. G. KENAK
THAVE a letter of inquiry from a
man seeking Information with re-
A gard to the establishment of an egg I
arm inuuuiij m .c -.j . . v.
He asked for specific information along
irtain lines which was not very easy
to give with accuracy.
Among other things he wanted to
know the average price obtained for
eggs during the year. My reply was
that a dozen eggs sold the first day
of each month during the year would
bring the average price of 40 cents per
dozen. I meant, to be accurate, but
make my report to him public that the
poultrymen of the country may correct
the error if there be one. This man is
thinking of establishing here a S. C.
white leghorn ess farm, and asks it
this particular breed "grows as well"
and "'lays as well" as it does in the
p.ist That question was not suscep
tiMe of a "yes" or "no"" answer. I
Our equipment for turning out
high grade work on short notice is
the best in the Southwest.
If you want the best let the old
reliable figure on your work.
I r . O i
lent OE owning
H. J. COLLINS Met.
312 S. El Paso St
BEST ON THE
204 Mills St.
i - I ! I I I. I U II MT -.H 1 ,1 gM
f Roasted peanuts 20c lb.
flutter and Qzsi.
Butter, fancy grade 35c to 40c lb.
Eggs, Sunflower 40 per doz.
'Eggs, fresh candled 35c per doz
Eggs, ranch 50c per doz.
Walnut cheese 20c glass
McLaren's Imperial..... 20c to 35c a Jar
Pimiento cheese.. W. 20c a glass
German breakfast cheese 2 for'lac
Imperial cheese 15 to 35e eocft
Holland cream cheese.... 40c per lb.
Camembert, 35c; Imported ..50c per can
Cream dairy 30c per lb.
Edam, small ......t.. ....... .21.15 each
Keufchatel 13c each, z for 15c
Pineapple 605 and 70c each
Roquefort. ........... ..;.. 65c per lb.
Swiss imported. ...........45c per lb.
Limburger 30c per lb.
Dutch Girl 40c per can
Brick cheese 30c per lb
Turkeys (dressed) 30c per lb.
Turkeys (alive) 22 l-2c per lb.
Spring Chickens (dressed) ..35c per lb.
Spring chickens (live) 30c per lb.
Chickens (dressed) 0c per lb.
Chickens (live) 17c per lb.
Ducks (dressed) 25 cents per lb.
Ducks (live) 22 l-2c per lb.
Geese (dressed) 25c per lb.
Geese (live) 22c per lb.
Ranch eggs 50c per dozen
Speckled trout 1714c per lb.
Various Cal. fib 17c per lb.
Salmon , .22c per lb.
Sirloin steak 25c per lb.
T bone steak 27c per lb.
Round steak 20c per lb.
Chuck steak 15c per lb.
Chuck roast 12fec per lb.
Rump roast 15c per lb.
Prime rib roast 20c per lb.
Beef livers 12c per lb.
Corn beef 15c per lb.
Leg 17 l-2c lb.
Shoulders 15c per lb.
Chops 25c per lb.
Breast pieces 10c per lb.
Spare ribs 17 l-2c lb.
Shoulders. 20c lb.
Leg r?20c per lb.
Chops : 22 l-2c lb.
Steaks 20c lb.
Sausage 15c per lb.
Sauer kraut. ..10c per lb., 2 lbs. for 15c
Home cooked tongue 60c lb.
Home cooked ham - EOc lb.
Homo cooked ycsi 60c lb.
Home cooked pork 60c lb.
Jellied tongue ..... 50o lb.
Salima sausage, Milwaukee.... 40c lb.
Cevelat sausage, Milwaukee... 40c lb.
Head cheese. Milwaukee 40c lu.
Liver sausage, Milwaukee 40c lb.
Ham sausage, Milwaukee 35c lb.
Blood .and ton-rue sausage. Mil
waukee ...-.0c lb.
Kosher welner 25c lb.
Kosher Frankfurters ..25c lb.
Kosher cooked corn neei 40c lb.
Smoked halibut 40c per lb.
Smoked salmon............. 40c per lb.
Smoked sturgeon 40c per lb.
Smoked eels................ 40c per lb.
Smoked white fish.. 40c per lb.
Smoked bloaters ,.5c each
Herring milchers ....Sc each
Anchovies .- ...35o per keg
Upon request of valley farmers and
fruit growers. The Herald adds to its
market report the wholesale "prices. It
is generally understood that these
prices are just 10 percent more than
the produce buyers pay the farmer for
Alfalfa, wholesale ... $19,00 per ton
Alfalfa, retail ..$2fl.w) per ton
Corn, wholesale ..JLSOper cwt.
Corn, retail $1.60 per cwt.
Texas oats, wholesale. $L70percwt
Texas oats, retail $1.80 per cwt.
ChoDS. wholesale $1.60 per cwt.
Chops, retail $1.70 per cwt. '
aran, wholesale i.aupe- cwu
Bran, retail . $1.60 per cwt.
Chicken feed, wholesale... $2.25 per cwt.
Chicken feed, retail.. $2.50 per cwt.
wrote him that white leghorns were
a very popular breed in this section
and "grow as well" and "lay as well"
as they do anywhere, but that we had
here a few drawbacks to the poultry
business which had to be overcome,
but could offset these obstacles with
many advantages and summarized my
report to him with the statement that
to a certainty an egg farm would pay
well in the vicinity of El Paso.
When I came to the city more than
seven years ago it seemed to have
been thoroughly demonstrated that no
branch of the poultry business could
be made to pay in this section. Many
failures had been recorded against the
business and it was pretty generally
conceded that no measure of success
awaited the man with the temerity to
engage in the business. About the
largest plant in the country -was a
flock of 300 hens in east El Paso. I
visited this and a few months after my
arrival in the city and was told that
though eggs were always as good price
a flock of hens would not pay for their
keep and this man soon lost out sig
nally and quit the business.
Conditions the Same Xow.
Conditions are exactly ir.e same now
as then, and yet we have many plants
of varied proportions meeting with sig
nal success. They have learned the
obstacles and overcome them and being
a pretty clever set of fellows have
given freely to the public the benefit
of their experience. As a matter of
fact no one man is entitled to the
credit of the present extent of infor
mation with regard to the business, but
it has been a matter of rapid evolution
in which many adventurers male and
female have played their parts and
have brought the general knowledge to
a point where it can be said thaf nn
egg arm pajs weu m tne El Paso '
. .. . .. " I
country though no more so than any
other branch of the poultry business
It is a noticeable racr, too. that the
more eggs produced in this immediate
section, the better the price they seem 1
to bring. I believe there are 100 tlmos
as many produced today as seven years
ago, and yet the price seems a little
better. Of course, the population of
the city has increased greatly in that
period, but not in proportion to the
increase 'n e.ss production, so the
secret of maintenance of fair price
lies in the fact that the public gen
erally and more especially the army of
visiting health seekers among us have
learned the value of fresh laid eggs
from both a dietetic and a therapeutic
standpoint. And speaking of the thera
peutic value of fresh laid eggs, sug
gests to me the idea of selling the eggs
of my own "ranch." When I start it
through the drug stores and I expect
to have my brand of eggs prescribed
by the doctors. Each egg will "be
stamped with the date, everyone wjll
be 'sterile and produced under the most
sanitary conditions and I will regulate
the price. When I start the enterprise
I will call on all the doctors in the in
terest of my particular class of eggs
Just exactly as traveling salesmen in
terview them when they desire to call
their attention to some new remedy.
The medical fraternity, quick to recog
nize a progressive step in the praetK"
of their profession, would soon be pre
scribing Kenan's eggs, and blacklist"
the druggist who substituted others,
"just as good." I'm afraid, though, I've
made a mistake in publishing my plans
before copyrighting them for I shall
now expect some enternrisinq- local
procurer to steal my thunder and go to
m.-"-Ki tire: h"; surplvs product t'-n-oi ' i
I'm .1 ''I'-m oi drug sto-s and on the
I'fi'c jptions of physicians.
BAKE A BATCH OF BISCUITS
WITH SWANS DOWN FLOUR
you will have such success you
will shake hands with yourself.
You will also find it produces
the best bread rolls and pastry
and gives- the greatest satisfac
tion. It goes "farther than any other
brand- because it Is better though
the price doesn't indicate it.
Ask Yonr Grocer For It.
EL PASO STORAGE
Distributor Phone 2166.
ri jjLo JJ!jSjar jU-V r&.jA-i sffjWilatftfbtttiSygCB Bflff
ng of Mahogany Is Great
stry In Central American Lands
Hunters for the King of Furniture Woods Penetrate Far Into Unexplored Jungles;
BORT BARRIOS, GUATEMALA, Jan.
11. 1 write you from the edge of
J- r, t.q. tm, awo,
Mahogany Land. This Motagua 1
valley, which lies at the foot of the
Guatemala mountains, back of Fort
Barrios, has hundreds of mahogany
trees, which are being cut down by
the United Fruit company, that the
land may be used for banana planta
tions. The mahognay is so valuable
that it sells by the pound, and a few
trees would make a good income. I
have been in the mahogany country Of f
ana on ever since j. icn jr&iiiji&, mu i
learn that valuable timber is being
taken from the northern part of the
Panama republic I found them ex
ploiting the forests in Costa Rica ,and
Nicaragua, and am told that many ma
hogany camps are now working in both
British and Spanish Honduras. There
are American lumbermen sending ma
hogany to Panama, all along the west
coasts of Central America. The logs
are sent over the isthmus by rail, and
thence shipped to Europe or the United
States. The trees they are now cutting
here still lie in the clearing, but they
will be taken by train to Port Barrios,
and thence shipped.
Central American ilabogany.
The mahogany of this part of the
world is the real article. We have a
socalled mahogany in the Philippines,
and there are false mahoganies in
Nigeria, Ceylon, Maderia and Cali
fornia. The true mahogany, the wood
which makes the finest furniture on
earth. V;omes from this region. It is
found in , the lowlands along the east
stnnct from "M"pxicf fn Panama, and
also In Colombia and Venezuela and in 1
the islands of the Caribbean sea. The
trees are magnniceuu a a e seen auu
100 feet high and 36 feet in circum
ference. Not a few rise 60 feet above
the ground before the branches begin
and some are so large that five men,
joining hands, cannot encircle them.
There is no such thing as a mahogany
forest. The trees do not grow close to
gether, but at wide distances apart:
and the mahogany hunters climb the
highest trees of the forest and pick out
the mahoganies by their bright colored
leaves. The leaves change from season
to season and at times, they are as
gorgeous as our leaves In autumn. The
hunter marks the mahogany by the
color and then leads the cutters
through the jungle, hacking a road to
where the doomed tree stands. Often
only two or three trees are found on
an acre, but two trees per acre are
enough to pay dividends. There Is a
record of one corporation which had
a mahogany concession of about 25,
000 acres, the total yield of which was
only 60 trees or less than two per
square mile. I doubt If it paid.
Ilovr the Logging Is Done.
The ordinary tree ought to be at least
a yard in diameter, and the average
tree is usually one to two hundred
years old before it is ready for lumber.
The most of the wood is cut in the rainy
season, but as the trees grow In the
lowlands the hauling can only be done
in the dry season when the ground is
hard. As soon as the trees are felled
their limbs are cut off and the logs are
then taken 'to the nearest stream. They
are rafted down to the market, or they
may go to the railroad and be taken
to the ports on the cars. They are put
upon shipboard as soon as they reach
port to prevent their being attacked by
the toredo and other boring insects.
The wood is so valuable that it is han
dled like fruit, and a close record is
kept of it from the forest to the hands
of the consumer. One of the chief mar
kets is London, and others are New
York and New Orleans.
In the Woods of Honduras.
A great deal of our best mahogany
now comes from British Honduras and
we get much also from the Honduras
republic The British Honduras timber
is exported from Belize, which is not
very far from Port Barrios, and I am
told that the wealth of that town has
largely come from this trade. The
forests are exploited by lumbermen,
who hire gangs of natives for the sea
son, and have the exporting houses to
sun. uiiu jiavc ki.e; cAyuiuut; uuuaca t.j
advance the provisions and cash to
carry on the- cutting. The labor con
tracts are usually made during the
Christmas holidays, the men being
hired by the year. Six months wages
are usually paid In advance, one-half
of which is in goods and the other half
cash. The lumbermen are as dissipated
as are those of our own and other
countries, and they usually have a
carouse before they leave Belize, during
which time the cash disappears.
The lumber camps are not pious
places. Many of the laborers are
roughs, and there are frequent fights
and considerable drunkenness. There
are also bad women who follow the
csmps, and the crowd is not a Sunday
school one The overseers live well.
Each has his own boat, with from 12
to 20 Indian rowers, and his own cook
-The green mahogany is not easy to
it and the bringing of a large tree to
ihe ground is a day's task for two men.
ti?e uttInS is done about 10 feet from
5"e base on account of the wide spurs
which project from the trunk and a
"a tform dr scaffold has to be erected
where the sawmen and axmen can
After the trees are felled roads have
to be made to the rivers and the
wre?.ms on the way must be bridged.
uch of the wood is hauled upon rude
'rucks which have wheels of solid wood
sawed from the end of a log and hav
JK iron boxes fitted into the center.
Much of the work is done in the night
oy torchlights of pitchpine. Ail this is
jn the dry season. The rafting is done
m the late summer or fall and the
camps break up about the middle of
December After that the laborers re
turn to Bolizc and tho thrn receive
balance dm then, which results in an
other qrc t s-ir i
In Sraniin Honduras.
I understand th re is a gn. at dc al of
I New Orleans MC oc i'-fi .. . .
1 ....,.. d?ejj..j m ay Monaav. jarcu
1 IH Wl E2U ft dr.
1 MM, Ant m 1J O FREE ViGTRO
Ig 0ssJiSSs.n B5 fa a t BSi Sf m na
Ejgj . I LocoypTiva I I HQBfeJ os ad & to m m& tft f& WSl BE am hF b IS Rsi fi if" aft I
Tickets on sale Jan. 26th to Feb. 2nd.
Limit Feb.. 14th. ,
With extension privilege to Mar. 3rd.
DOUBLE DAILY TRAIN SERVICE
10:00 A. M. m 8:30 P.M.
TRAIN DE LUXE Thursdays at 9:30 A. M.
Up-To-Date Equipment on all trains.
CITY TICKET OFFICE, 206 N. Oregon.
W. C. McCormick, G. A. J. E. Monroe, CP&TA.
COLON, PANAMA and return $95.00.
(Copyright, 1913, by Frank G. Carpenter)
5 mahogany yet uncut in Spanish Hon
duras or the Honduras republic Mahog
aly grows in the valleys all over tha
country, and especially in the lowlands
along the northern coast of the Carib
It is near this coast, running inland
50 or more miles, that the chief banana
plantations are. and not far from the
sea in the same region are immense
cocoanut groves with tens of thousands
of bearing trees.
lhe most or the banana Industry be
I Innsrs to thR United FYllit .-nmnnnv nnrt
that company has a line of steamers
which plies regularly between Port
Cortez and New Orleans, calling at Port
Barrios and Belize on the way. The
shipments of bananas amount to 2,000,
000 bunches and upward per year, which
means an aggregate of more than 300,
000.000 bananas per annum. The busi
ness is carried on about the same as it
is in Guatemala. Costa Rica and Pana
ma. The plantations have many little
railroads for carrying the fruit. They
are divided into farms, and each farm is
a settlement of Its own. The overseers
are Americans, and the labor is largely
done by negroes from Jamaica and the
other islands of the West Indies, who
come there for the purpose
Making a Banana Plantation.
The process of making the plantations
is about the same everywhere. The jun
gle has to be cut down, and this means
the felling of trees from three to 10 feet
in diameter and the cutting out of un
derbrush and lianas through which it is
impossible to go without a machete or
ax. As soon as the land has been
cleared, it is burned over and then the
markers go through and stake out the 1
holes where the plants are to be set.
The banana plants come from sprouts
of the older trees and they are set out
about as far apart each was as the
trees of the average peach orchard.
They are planted among the half
burned logs and grow without cultiva
tion. The only thing is to keep down
the weeds, when the logs will soon rot
away. I have seen plants growing
among trees as big around as a flour
barrel, and in going over the planta
tions have had to keep to the paths in
order to make my way through upon
About a year after setting out the
bananas they are 20 or 30 feet high
and are ready to fruit. Each tree bears
but one bunch of bananas, and when
this is taken off the tree is cut down
and the sprouts which nave grown up
about its roots are left to produce the
The cutting of the bananas is with a
sharp knife on the end of a pole, the
cutters catching the bunch as it falls.
The bananas are carefully handled. The
piles, which wait for the train, are laid
on soft beds of leaves, and the cars are
padded with leaves in order to keep the
fruit from being bruised.
It is a big task to start a banana
plantation, and the plans must be care
fully made. The estate is first surveyed
and paths and roads are laid out, tho
same being connected by tramways and
railroads. And then the farm settle
ments have to be built and In each
there must be a store, a carpenter shop
and a blacksmith shop and also the sta
bles and the homes of the workmen.
Some of the managers and overseers
bring their wives with them from the
United States and they must have com
fortable homes screened with wire net
ting. Some of these houses here are beau
tifully finished and well furnished.
They have the latest magazines and pa
pers, and in some of them you will find
many novels, histories and scientific
books. Many of the white employes
have hobbies. One may -be an ornithol
ogist, another a bug hunter, and thero
are no end of collectors of orchids and
other strange flowers. At the Virginia
banana plantation, near here, they have
quite an aviary, containing many of the
quaint birds of Guatemala. These in
clude the wild turkey, which has a bril
liant yellow color, the tuma with its
gorgeous plumage, and the policeman
bird, which makes a terrible screeching
if strangers come near the house.
Loading Fruit by Machinery.
I Have been much interested during
my stay in Central America in the
handling of the banana crop, and espe
cially in watching how the negroes
transfer the fruit from the cars to the
ships. At Port Llmon, Costa Rica, this
is done by machinery. The fruit is car
ried from the plantation over the rail
road in leaf lined cars to the siae of
the ship as It lies at the wharf. The
tracks are so laid that the tr.un lead
of bananas is parallel with the sti-amor,
and the fruit from a half dozen differ
ent cars can be transferred to the ship
at the same time.
The loading Is by movable carriers
which run upon wheels. Each carrier is
a long belt about two feet in width, so
arranged that one end of it rests over
the opening into the hold and the-other
out on the wharf. This belt moves bv
machinery, and the bananas thrown
upon it by laborers are carried into the
hold. I have seen four rivers of ba
nanas thus moving for hours, carrying
fruit into a ship.
The men are so trained that the
stream of fr-uit Is continuous, the man
agement knowing just how many
bunches one man can carry in an hour,
and how long it takes to unload each
-u New Orleans the fruit is landed In
tne same way, being thero transferred
ii . 'torae can-, which take it to
all parts of the Mississippi basin. The
TT;lililSo.for the eatern part of the
United States usually go to the sea
ports of the Atlantic.
Object Lessons for Central America.
This wink of the Ann 1 1. -ins on the
binana pi nit lions i ! oues of ub-
.m t li"ins in -.jTutatmn a,'u ului:.'
Ill ' i . i a rr t . p. i-
gj. t-rural Amen a. M:st cf Ue
Frank G. Carpenter
New Banana Plantations Are Started
estates have large hospitals and the
employes are taught to take care of
their health. The workmen's houses
are raised upon poles, the vegetation
being cut away and the lands drained
to get rid of the mosquitos. The la
borers are made to keep clean and
they are shown how to treat them
selves for tropical diseases. The
United Fruit company has been fight
ing the hookworm, and it has its doc
tors giving medicines and treating the
numerous natives among its employes
who are so afflicted. Every patient
who comes to the hospital on account
of malaria or other fevers or on ac
count of wounds received is"treated
also for hookworm. I am told that
this is doing great good and that an
increase In the working efficiency of
the men has come from such treat
ment. Farm Methods In Central America.
The Americans are Introducing our
farm machinery. They have American
wagons and carts and also American
plows and other farm tools. A3 to
the native methods, everything is rude
I see the farmers still using the one
handled plow of the Scripture, shod
with a strip of pointed iron about as
big as your hand. This turns the soil
both ways and only scratches the sur
face. The most common cart here has
wooden wheels with holes in the cen
ter for the axles, and is drawn by
oxen yoked by their horns. The loads
are pulled by the head instead of the
shoulders and necks, and the treatment
of the animals seems cruel to an ex
treme. American axes are gradually coming
into use, but the most of the cutting
of the lighter sort is done with the
machete, much like a corncutter. Every
native Central American carries a
machete. It Is a good weapon of de
fence against man or beast, and It en
ables him to make his way through
the- jungle. It cuts his grass for hay
and the green corn for his cattle.
After the cattle are dead, the machete
chops them up to make beef and is
also employed in hog killing. It
serves to cut out the weeds from the
corn patch and with it the native
punches holes in the ground where he
drops the grains of corn with his heel
and sitting down, lets nature do the
Teaching Stock Farming.
The Americans here are teaching the
natives something of stock farming,
and the day may come when meat
from -Central America will reduce our
big butcher bills. In Costa Rica there
are large ranches belonging to the
banana planters where working cat
tle for the plantations are raised. The
United Fruit company has some dairy
cows and its men tell me that the
grass there makes excellent beef. In
deed, there is money to be made in
raising stock, all the way from Pana
ma to Mexico. These highlands have
fine pastures and tho stodk brings
good prices;- In upper Panama they
are now raising beef for Colon and
Panama City, and the future meat sup
ply of the canal may come from there.
Costa Rica has live stock numbering
more than half a million, besides
mules, sheep and goats, and Honduras
has almost a half million head of cat
tle alone, and a large 'number of mules,
pigs and sheep. It has 150,000 acres
devoted to pasture.
Here in Guatemala the cattle are
fewer, but the grazing grounds on
the high plateaus are of great extent,
and well fitted for sheep, cattle and
hogs. Nicaragua has more than a
million of cattle and Salvador in pro
portion to its" size has more live stock
than any other Central American re
public. Frank G. Carpenter.
SALARIES FOR NEW
Governor McDonald Is Sinking Inves
tigations Preparatory to Asking
Legislature to Fix Fees.
Santa Fe, N. M., Jan. 11. The ques
tion of salaries for the county officers,
which Is one ofNthe biggest matters
still unsettled in the new state, will
occupy, a prominent place in the delib
erations of the state legislature which
will meet for a 66-days' session next
A salary bill was passed by the legis
lature at Its special session last spring,
but. because he believed it exorbitant
and unjust in many respects, governor
McDonald vetoed the bill.
He has recently sent to every county
clerk in the state a question list to be
filled out and returned to him. From
this he expects to be able to get some
definite idea on the salaries the dif
ferent offices should pay, in fairness
both to the taxpayers and the officers
The list of questions asked by the
governor is as follows. .
What were tbe receipts of the
clerk's office during the past year?
How many extra clerks were em
ployed, if any?
Is the county clerk employed all the
time at the office, or does he conduct
a ousiness which taKes some or all of
Give a statement of the fees received
by the sheriffs office
Number of days during the year of
county commissioner and probate court
The governor himself will pay the
lO't of compiling this data.
Onntr .no' - liinv over our sisli and
i or aid fa m'inf Lnmlrr !,.
1 0 to 1 1:30 a. m. 3 to 4:30 p. m.
8 to 10 p. m.
Special inducements will be made to those
who do not own a Victor Victrola.
Watch the 13th of Each Month During ,
103 El Paso St.
Southwestern Distributors of Edison and
Victor Products. -2ri?v-
Southern Pacific Steamships
New Orleans to New York
An Ideal Trig Winter or Summer
SUITES OJ STATE-ROOMS. PARLOR AND PRIVATE BATH.
, -DIKING-ROOif SERVICE tJNSURPASSED
Sailings Wednesdays and Saturdays from New Orleans
For fanher iafotruuaa, resenrtfiosj and tickets.
call on Tour local ticket 4eat
The Two-Republics Life Insurance Company
EL PASO, TEXAS ,
A. KRAKAUER, President.
Good men wanted to sell policies that guarantee
a E. RUSSELL,
Supt. of .Agents.
The Value of Gray Days
Xever Well to Rest Too 'Lone In the
Regret of the Past, but a
By Ella Wheeler Willcox;
AN occasional gray mood comes to
the sunniest of natures; just as
a gray day comes even in the
tropics; and if we use this gray day
wisely, we Will be all the better for it.
When the bright sun of tropic lands
is veiled by clouds one can see farther;
and the landscape is more clearly dis
cerned, because there is not the blind-
So when our hearts are clouded with '
a. passing mist or trouble or worry we
sometimes see life more clearly and
look forward, and about, and beyond
with a larger vision.
I think it is a good thing now and
then to grow utterly sick of ourselves
and to sit down and pull our minds and
hearts and motives and actions and am
bitions to pieces and dust them out
as a watchmaker cleans a watch anu
then put them together again "with
care and resolve to begin all over and
do better and then to do it
It is never well to rest too long in
regrets of the past; for that is over
and gone: and can not bo remedied.
But it is well to remember the past
enough to make it aet as a guide and
warning for the future.
When you are walking and carry
ing heavy burdens, and you grow ut
terly weary and fatigued, it is not
well to keep staggering on. It is bet
ter to sit down and rest a bit, even if
you feel as you pause that von m
never go on again. After a little while
you will feel more courage and you !
will go on. But do not sit too long. ,
Are you weary with trying to do
your best, and have you about decided
that you will give up the battle?
Do you feel that nothing matters
very much that whether you succeed '
or fall is of small account to the !
Well, stop and think a bit. Suppose '
Columbus had yielded to such a mood '
Deiore ne aiscovered America?
What If GJaorge Washington had
made such a decision in his early
youth, or Benjamin Franklin or
Shakesoeare. or Milton?
What If arsrse or Bdison had given I
up the straggle to accomplish any-
thing? And CyMis Field haa said he :
was weary or trying to gam his soal
and so had let the ocean cable die a
dream cf imagination?
What losers we would all be bv It'
It Is not merely you, yourself, 'who
is to be benefited or harmed by youi
success or failure in life. You are to
leave an influence on all who know
you, no matter how hamble your posi
tion may be. ,
Throw a pebble Into the sea and
watch the disturbance of the waters;
larger and larger grow the circles'
and as they fade away invisible to th
eye they are felt by the waves beyond !
It is so with each one of us. You
are affecting every life you encoun
ter on life's Journey to tome degree.
Copyright, 1913, by the Star company
50c MEn CHANTS' LTOfCHEOX
Served from 12 to 2 p. in.
t.oi.f one h.inr'refl
rolls .-if slightU
iir'T'iLrtil -r jr lnte, j rnofn
n-icf. Lander Lumber Co.
iary 13, 1913
LODIS ST. J. TH03IAS,
Secty. and Genl STgr.
lASSAYERS & CHEMISTS
Custom Assay Office
CRITCHETT & FERGUSON
Assayers Chemists Metallurgists
AGENTS FOR ORE SHIPPERS
210 San Francisco St
Bell Phone 334. Anto Phone 1334.
Independent Assay OHioa
D. W. Brcratsr. E3tProprjt
Agtirt far Otb BUfiptrt Astsjs ait
Chsmleal Analjttt. Bint ZxantxcA
and KeportRt Upon. iaUZtt Wrri
r" g p- A HiTi'mffr
Se ns for bargains in city propertjr
and valley lands.
Keene, Ireland & Park Go.
Phone 5313. 214 Mills Bldg.
El Paso, Texas.
dnecial TlntM rim-in. i. irniM.v
BH.llCnO.VS OrSTNESS COLLEGE
K. F. Davis, Manager. Phone 1ASU
Gives Vour Rw a start
Pbone 1 147. J. P. MnHn. Pafc
Corpus Christi, Texas.
Open all the year. American plan.
Rates $3.50 per day and up. Special
rates by tKe week or month. Steam
heat in every room. Modem, elegant
and fire proof. Bathing the year
round. Finest beach on Gulf Coast.
Hunting and fishing, also golfing. Ideal
Geo. E. Korst, Manager.