Newspaper Page Text
Ii PASO HERALD
Saturday, January 11, 1913
Clever Crooks Devise New Methods
For Robbing United States Treasury
Gold Coins Are Clipped and Sweated So
WASHINGTON. D. 0, Jan. 1L
The "clipping" of gold coins has
recently given the government
secret service a great deal of trouble.
Tliough a very ancient industry, it has
taken on new developments, some of
which are most ingenious and extraor
dinary. For example, a "while ago many
double-eagles thajt came in for redemp
tion through various banks were found
to be of less than lawful diameter a
fact which became instantly manifest
when an attempt was made to "stack"
them in piles with ordinary $S0 gold
Pieces. In other respects they showed
This was the -work of a man named
"Wilcox, who had invented a process
whereby he was able to slice the rim
off of a double-eagle, as the tire might
be removed from a wheel. Of course,
the corrugated edge, called the "reed
ing," was taken off incidentally, and
thus it was necessary to re-reed the
mutilated coin in a machine. By this
means its appearance was perfectly re
stored, only its diameter being altered,
and nothing wrong with it was discov
erable by the casual observer.
Wilcox was content with moderate
profits, taking care not to rob any piece
of more than $1 of its intrinsic value.
He went from city to city (thinking it
prudent to change his residence from
time to time), and obtained the raw
material for his work by depositing
money in banks and drawing it out in
gold. His wife passed most of the al
tered P'eces in dry goods stores, and
the rims, melted in a crucible, were
sold to dealars in bullion, xne appa
ratus employed, when a move was con
templated, was easily taken apart and
packed in a trunk. On one occasion
5500 worth of the clipped pieces reached
the treasury in one batch. But the
business came to a stop soon afterward
with the arrest of Wilcox in Chicago.
"Woman Worts Clever Scheme.
Clever as -was the scheme above de
scribed, it was surpassed in ingenuity
bv that of a -woman in Philadel
phia, who hired a room "with steam
power, and with a small drill dug out
the inside of $5 and ?10 gold pieces,
leaving only a thin shell. For this
Cornea wfco bear children and re
rasfa. bealiby are those "who prepare
tfceJr systems in advance of baby's
ooialrjg. Unless the mother aids
nature in its pre-natal work the crisis
Ends her system unequal to the de
mands made upon it, and she is often
left "with "weakened health, or chronic
ailments. No remedy Ih so truly a
help to nature as Mother's Friend.
It relieves the pain and discomfort
caused by the strain on the ligaments,
mates pliant those fibres and muscles
"which nature is expanding, and soothes
the inflammation of breast glands.
Mother's Friend assures a speedy and
for the mother,
and she is left a
healthy -woman to
enjoy the rear
ing of her child.
Mother's Friend is' sold at drug stores.
Write for our. free book for. expectant
Wfrofesale and Retail
Cotton Seed Meal
Pheae 36 and 2KX '
Seen and 2nd Sts. El Pasp, Tex.
ETY srffer' days and
mgbts of sleepless tor
ture from eczemas, rashes.,
kcbmgs and irritations of tie
skin a&d scaip? It k needless.
A warm bath wkh
aod one application of Cutiosra
Okxtosent 21 afibrd immediate
reBef, permit rest and sleep and
pokst to permanent skm health
m most cases when all else &fe.
Tfeas is strong language bat eas proven by use of theifeee
samples-of Soap and Cfetnseai wladi -wffl be maSed postpaid
txysss? sufferer. Address Potter Drag & Chem. Corp., Dqit
39, BcBtan, London, Paris, Sydocy, Cafcstta, Bombay, Tokio,
Bbsg Eeaag'GT'CBpe Two.
Dexteriously That Detection Is Difficult
purpose she would bore a little hole
through the edge, and, after filling the
hollow with leadi she would cover the
opening with gold, so that practically
no sign of the operation remained. The
amount taken from a $10 piece -was
about $7.50; from a $5 coin $3 would-be
extracted. The woman was finally
caught, but the secret service people
admit that hers "was Just about the
smartest dodge ever practiced at the
expense of the currency.
For tricks that are vain in the coun
terfeiting and clipping of coins the
Chinese are famous. But the most re
markable thing they ever did in this
line was the "reconstruction," as it
might be termed, of gold coins. A few
years ago a gang of pig-tailed orientals
devised a process whereby a double
eagle -was cut in two- through the edge,
the inside of it being thereupon gouged
out. The piece, being thus reduced to
a hollow shell in halves, was filled
with lead; a thin rim of gold was sol
dered upon it to disguise the cut edge,
and the corrugations of the mint were
renewed "with a reeding machine. A
coin treated ih this manner was a ver
itable work of art.
By this means about $1C "worth of
gold was obtained from every $20 piece
treated. The fault of the process lay
in the fact that lead Is too light. An
improvement on it. adopted by Yankee
experts, consisted in substituting plati
num (which is reavier than gold) for
the lead. At that period (about 1890)
platinum was cheaper, costing less than
half as much as gold. Today it is worth
much more than the yellow metal, and
so could not be utilized economically
for such a purpose.
A method somewhat similar, though
less satisfactory, is to substitute for
the interior portion of the gold piece a
core in the shape of a disk of silver,
the coin being split for the purpose as
in tne otnor case, urns process is em
ployed exclusively by Chinamen. Its
drawback is that the eagle or double
eagle thus treated is noticeably light
Slaking "Double Headers."
A process less elaborate, though
somewhat similar, has been applied to
silver dollars and half dollars for
making what are known to sporting
men of a certain kind as double-headers
that is to say, coins which are
either heads on both sides or tails on
both sides. Such pieces are produced
by splitting coins and joining the ob
verse (or reverse) of one skilfully to
the obverse (or reverse) of another.
They are most commonly used for
cheating strangers in barrooms in the
matching game. Their manufacture,
has been declared illegal, under the
law which forbids the making of coins
of original designs
A number of years ago, it -will be re
membered, the treasury issued a nickel
5c piece with a big V on It. The mint
ing of this coin was stopped because
clever swindlers hit upon the idea of
gilding it and passing it pff as a $5
gold piece. It was an easy'matter, the
only apparatus required being a small
tank, containing a cyanide of potash
solution, a few feet of copper wire, and
a little battery. Even the battery, in
deed, could be dispensed with. If there
-was an electric light current available.
The process -was simply one of plating,
the nickel being attached to one end
of the -wire and a piece of gold to te
other. Both ends -were immersed In
the solution, and the current did the
A similar process is sometimes em
ployed for "sweating" gold coins, the
result being the removal of a thin coat
of gold from the entire surface. In this
way 75 cents worth of the precious
metal may be taken from a ?10 piece
without altering its appearance to any
perceptible extent though leaving it
rather suspiciously briprht.
The discoveries of chemistry are of
great service to counterfeiters and
"sweaters. Comparatively few false
coins are put Into circulation nowadays
without an electro-plating of gold or
silver, which renders them much more
Put the highest refinement of this
sort of scheme is that of suspending In
the cyanide tank a gold piece at one
end of the wire and a basemetal coun
terfeit at the other, a coat of yellow
metal being thus transferred from the
good coin to the1 bad one. The bad coin
acquires the appearance of a gold piece,
while the gold coin is still negotiable
at its face value.
Famous "Sprinkle Dollars."
The most famous of all coin counter
feits were the so-called "Sprinkle dol
lars," made by Jacob and Nancy Sprin
kle in Kentucky in and about the year
1840. Many thousands of them were
in circulation at that period, and
readily passed current, because it was
known that they actually contained
more silver and were of higher bullion
value than the dollars turned out at
the United States mint. For this rea
son many people considered that they
were beyond reasonable criticism. On
one occasion an officer of the army,
Maj. Henry McDowell, going aboard a
steamer at Cincinnati for St. Louts,
paid for his ticket with money which
the clerk scrutinized rather closely.
"Sprinkle moneyUT said the clerk.
"All right, isn't It?" asked the major.
"Yes, indeed," replied the clerk. "I
wish I had a million dollars like 'cm."
Nevertheless, Sprinkle was finally
arrested and indicted lor this Invas
Chinese Are Successful Manipulators
ion of governmental prerogative. Be
ing admitted to bail, he fled to Cali
fornia, where he died in 1S60.
It seems strange to consider the fait
that not much more than half a cen
tury ago private concerns, and even
individuals, in this country were al
lowed to make and issue coined money
on their own account. When gold was
struck in North Carolina, a man named
Bechtel started a mint of his own
there, which ran for quite a while, un
til abolished by law in 1S49. Half
eagles, quarter-eagles, and one-dollar
pieces manufactured by him were
largely circulated in .the south and
west. Although of honest gold, they
were on an average under weight by
about two and one-half cents on the
dollar representing a very comfort
able and perfectly sure profit.
Reid's Private Mint.
At about the same time an enter
prising gentleman named Templeton
Keid coined gold in Georgia. He moved
to California in 1S49, and mined eagles
and $25 pieces on a considerable scale.
During the same period many compan
ies and refineries in California made
a business of striking gold coins.
Quantities of 25 cent and 50 cent
gold pieces .were manufactured in San
Francisqo, the former containing only
about 6 cents' worth of the precious
metal, and the latter 12 cents' worth.
Thirty years ago 'a lot of these were
taken over to Germany and. circu
lated there electing a formal diplo
matic protest from the Kaiser's gov
ernment. The Mormons in Utah Issued eagles,
half-eagles and double-eagles, which
bore on the observe, an eye, with the le
gend, "Holiness to the Lord." There
was mors holiness about them than
purity. But this was stopped eventu
ally, and the private minting business
in the United States came to an end
It was on a fine morning in the year
1S92 that a letter carrier, walking
briskly along a Chicago street with a
bundle of undelivered mail, saw a sil
ver dollar, bright and now, fall upon
the pavement in front of him, as it
from from tho sky. Naturally, he
stopped to pick it up, but instantly
dropped it with an exclamation of
pain. It was red hot.
Hot Dollars Lead to Discovery.
Dollars do not often fall out of tho
sky. More especially "when they are red
hot the phenomenon seems to dimand
explanation. When Inquiry in this
case was made, it resulted in the dis
covery that the coin found by the
letter carrier "was a counterfeit, and
that it had dropped out of the window
of a house occupied by an ingenious
person named "William G. Hard, who
was running a little mint on his own
account. When the place "was raided,
it "was ascertained that the pieces were
not molded in the ordinary way, but
struck "with dies, and that each one
was plated with about 20 cents worth
It -was "the finest coin counterfeit
ever turned out practically beyond
detection, in fact. But for the accident
above related. Hard (who was sent to
the penitentiary for a term of years)
might have continued to conduct his
private mint for an Indefinite periodt
An accident curiously similar, by the
way, happened in 1S65, when a dwel
ing in Williamsburg, N. Y., caught
fire, and a mattress was thrown out
of a window, breaking open and dis
closing its contents. It was literally
stuffed with counterfeit 50-cent notes
of a pattern which had been causing
much anxiety to the government, ow
ing to their imitative excellence, many
of them having found their way into
To that remarkable genius. "Pete"
McCartney, Is attributed the invention
of a process for washing treasury
notes. Fiber paper -was adopted by the
government, as a precaution against
counterfeiting, in 1869. To get this
kind of paper for printing $20 and $50
notes upon, McCartney washed all the
ink off of $1 bills by a method that
was simple in the extreme, though
requiring not a little dexterity. First
the bill was plunged into sulphuric
acid for just a moment, to loosen the
ink, wljich thereupon waa promptly re
moved by half a dozen quick strokes
of a dry nail brush. To prevent fur
ther action by the acid, it was then
immersed in a bath of ammonia, from
which it came out perfectly white.
The older a paper counterfeit is the
more it looks like real money. Be
sides, the mere appearance of having
been in circulation for a long time
lends to a note a certain convincing
quality. Hence it is that the crimi
nal moneymakers resort to a variety
of expedients to give to their prod
uct an artificial look of age. One plan
adopted for the purpose is to rub the
notes over the body of a sweating
horse, so as to saturate them with
grease and dirt Another Is to place
wet tea leaves between two layers of
tissue paper, and shut them tightly In
a book together with the notes, the
latter being on the outside of the tis
sue. The moisture from the tea leaves
carries with it just enough discolora
tion to give to the false bills the hue
Within recent years the treasury has
been much annoyed by the raising of
small bills to higher denominations,
tho methods employed being often
most ingenious. The figures required
for the alterations are cut out of old
confederate notes, or sometimes out of
internal revenue stamps, and either
pasted on or skilfully inlaid, the ef
fect being helped out by the use of
colored pencils and inks. By such
means $1 notes are frequently changed
to fives, tens, and twenties.
The original and greatest experts in
this kind of work was a person known
as One-eyed Thompson, wo, in days
not long after the civil war, was ac
customed to utilize figures and bits
of engraving from the notes of
"busted" banks of which there were
plenty in those times for his patch
work. He was. In fact, the Inventor
of the process, being decidedly a
genius In his way.
ilunyon's Paw-Paw Pills are unlike
all other laxatives or cathartics. They
coax the liver Into activity by gentle
methods. They do not scour; they do
not gripe; they do not weaken: but
they do start all the secretions of the
liver and stomach in a way that soon
puts these organs in a healthy condi
tion and corrects constipation.
Munyon's Paw-Paw Pills are a tonic
to the stomach, liver and nerves. They
invigorate instead of weaken; they en
rich the blood instead of impoverlsn
it; they enable the stomach to get all
the nourishment from food that is put
These pills contain no calomel, no
dop' thfv ar. . x.thm?- ru allng and
stimulating TV., schorl the bow. K
to act without rhT sic Pri' 25 cent?
All druggists. Aavcrtlsemcnt.
Paw Paw Pills
Over $400,000.00 In Cotton
It is said that the value of the 1 912 crop of cotton and
cotton seed in Texas exceeded $400,000,000.
This speaks well for the prosperous conditions in the
Lone Star State.
The Union Bank & Trust Company is exceptionally
well prepared to handle your banking business and in
vites your account subject to check.
'American Bank Building
Rio Grande Valley Bank
9 A, M. to 3 P. M. Sharp.
Saturdays 9 A. M. to 6 P. M. Sharp
All El Paso banks will be governed By these hours,
and toe ask 0UT customers and friends to co-operate
with us in observing them.
I 4 PER CENT and SAFETY 1
This bank gives you protection for your savings and pays 4 per
cent interest (compounded semi-yearly) for the privilege of serving
you. When you. hoard your money it earns you nothing, and you
assume all risk of loss from carelessness, thieves, fire and poor in
vestment. One dollar a day saved from the age of twenty-five to fifty
wffl yield you a "Retiring Fund" of between $10,000 and $12,000.
EL PASO BANK & TRUST CO.
EL PASO. TEXAS.
SIRNGHIQ YOU OUT.
No Headache, Biliousness,
t3S or Constipated Bowels
g r by Morning -
Are you keeping your bowels, liver
and stomach clean, pure and fresh
with Cascarets, or meroly forcing a
passageway through these alimentary
or drainage organs every few days
with Salts, Cathartic Pills, Castor
Oil or Purgative Waters.
Stop having a bowel was"h-day. Let
Cascarets thoroughly cleanse and
regulate the stomach, remove the un
digested, sour and fermenting food
and foul gases, take the excess bile
from the liver and carry out of the
system all the decomposed waste mat
ter and poraons in the intestines and
A Cascaret tonight will make you
feel great by morning. They work
while you sleep never gripe, sicken
or cause any Inconvenience, and cost
only 10 cents a box from your drug
gist. Millions of men and women
take a Cascaret now and then and
never have Headache, Biliousness,
coated tongue, Indigestion, Sour
Stomaoh or Constipated Bowel3. Cas
carets belong in every household.
Children Just love to take them. Adv.
Advice To the Lovelorn
By Beatrice Fairfax.
DOST SPEAK TO HHI AGAEC
Iear Miss Fairfax:
I am 16 years of age. Last summer
I met a man sir years my senior whom
I have learned to love dearly, and
know that my love Is reciprocated. My
lather was opposed to him. and in
sulted -him, which he took like a man.
and I was forbidden to speak to him.
I had not spoken to him for about
three weeks, and one day I met him.
Breaking my father's command, I
spoke to him, and found we love each
Other dearly. I speak to a number of
other men, but I find that I couldn't
love any as I love hrm. Trustful.
You are only 16, and your father
knows better than you know who Is
the best company for you. Don't
speak to the man again; make no at
tempts to see him, and don't deceive
your father or disobey him again.
IT CERTAINLY IS.
Dear Miss Fairfax:
In riding in the elevator of an of
fice building Is it not the proper thing
for a gentleman to remove his hat
when a lady is riding on the same ele
vator, even though be is not ac
quainted with her? Etiquette.
Thank you for asking the question.
It furnishes opportunity for making a
statement T Vinne many men will read.
A gentleman always removes his hat
when riding in an elevator with a lady
whether he is acquainted or not.
AltE YOU SURE OF YOURSELF?
Dear Miss Fairfax:
I am 18, and some time ago I went
with a gentleman whom I .liked very
much at that time, but gave him up for
a friend with whom I had boen goinpr
about si-vrn vears ago. I now feel
th it I woi la likf to renew nv fricnfl
hip with ,us t-it' tn in. tut Init
knw ! tv ' --- abo"t it
This gintlcman lives quHe a dis
El Paso' Texas.
Knows Your Wants
Wants Your Business
107 Texas Street
QTflMF HOME REM
0 1 UlCO EDY. No Oil
PAIN tn Pit of Stomach,
t- Tfi?-h- side, or Back
ache, under Shoulder Blades: Stomach
Trouble. Indigestion. Sick Headache.
Biliousness. Colic, Jaundice, Gas. Nerv
ous "Weakness. Constipation. Blues.
Catarrh. These are all common symp
toms of Gall Troubles. Send for copy
righted Medical Boole on Idv- JTRSTlr?
er. Stomach and Gall Troubles
Gallstone Remedy Cc Dcpt. 37C, 219 S.
Dearborn St., Chicago. Adv.
tance from me, and I have heard
through friends that he still likes me.
but he is going with another girl, t
wouldn't like to make any .advances,
but I don't want to give him the idea
that I am running after him. A. J. H.
Are you quite sure that your deeire
is prompted hy love for the man. or
jealousy of the other girl? The two
sentiments are so much alike it is
sometimes difficult to distinguish be
If you offended you must bo the
first to apologize, even at the risk of
being misunderstood. But don't play
fast, and loose with your friends in
YOU MUST GET OVER IT.
Dear Miss Fairfax:
I am a young girl, IS years of age,
and about six months ago met a young
man of 22. I never went with him, as
my parents objected to him because
he was then out of work and even when
he did work could not make a living
He never told me that he loved me!
ut only vaguely hinted at it. B ti
my friend that he was getting desper-
ji. w jM jurm jiic one
told him there was no use in bother
ing with me, as I did not love him be
cause of his habits.
Now my parents say that I may en
with him, but he already told his
friend that he meant to make me love
him to such an extent that I would
not be able to do without him and
thpn he would lot me so and break m
htart, as he has ilrpady done to otht r
'i- 1 n w li'i him prv much
A CONTNT rrTFP
Yon rvc v.n jocr love to a tt-
I I y TY 1 a B
IU I M . .. A llaal& H
& JLO.J UI Illlglil, 1
tm i mm imt cu-va r -or js7y& i n n si m bt a mt un ml ej
Why not enjoy the satisfaction of
having a splendidly lighted factory
with a reliable twenty-four hour
electric power service? . ,
Electric light and electric motors
furnished, by us will assure you the
highest production by night as well
as by day.
An expert will show you in plain
black and white why our unfailing
twenty-four hour power is vastly
more efficient and economical than
any other kind. 'Phone now.
Electric Railway Co,
Electric Building Phone 2323
STATE NATIONAL BANK
ESTABLISHED APRIL, "J381.
CAPITAL, SURPLUS ACT) PROFITS, $200,000.
INTEREST PAID ON SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
C. R. MOREHEAD, President. C N. BASSETT, Vice President.
JOSEPH MAGOFFIN, V. Pres. GEO. D. FLORY, Cashier.
L. J. GILCHRIST. Asst. Cashier.
We take special pains in pleasing our customers with
prompt service in puttng in window glass.
Tytlle Paint and Iass'
PH8NE 206 2I0-2I2 W. STANTON
Tell These People What You Want
They Will Respond Promptly
BeU 608 & 629. DRUGGISTS
A. E. RYAN & CO.
AND AUTO GARAGE. THOSE 1
Call DOM'S TRANSFER
To haul your baggage or move yon. Storage and packing by careful men.
EL PASO SCHOOL FOR GI&LS
Boarding and Day Sebool. AH Grades. Primary throaek Hie SeiooT
Winter Term Begins Tuesday, JanaaryT
MISS SLATER AND MISS TAFEL, PRINCIPALS.
who to not entitled to reepect, if what
your friend says is true.
Have nothing to do with him. Don't
let him have a chance to break your
heart, or cause you a moment's pang.
Dear Miss Fairfax:
I am in love with a young man a
few years m ?nior, and I know my
love is returned A few days ago we
were talking about other people and I
said a great many things I know he
did not like to hear come from my
lips. 1 deepl regret them, as I am
a very decent zirl, and want him to
think so to Would you advise me
n telepon ' him and explain and
i i "U1F T ME-NOT
It WOUi h- hCL.iX t " 13 WT-ti a
312 SAN ANTONIO ST.
i-M ne saying you regret what you
said Don't make it as penitent as i?
i .. depended on his forsnveness. an.l
aon t, I beg, be so reckless with words
CHORAL CL1B CONCERT-
PLVHD FOR CATTLBME'S
A choral club concert wOl be orn
of the features of the cattlemen's con
vention here in Mart t The chamlx r
of commerce has planned a big sing
ing club at TO voices to sing at a ser
ies of concerts eien daring the con
vention I" r Witte will hue charge o V
' ' - ' ' i w h l- ri in i.,l t
P' " 'i -a. i.Ui.:. 1 organisation ior JU