Newspaper Page Text
'EL PASO HERALD
Saturday, January 11, 1913 3 A
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ARE SOLVED HEREi
By PHIUP GISSOX
Let us answer your queries and discuss your comments. Tell us of your
experiences for the benefit of the other fellow. Correspondence invited for
publication every Saturday. If received Friday or later, correspondence is
answered following week.
IT IS now becoming a well known
fact that the large, luxuriant, com
fortable, roomy, easy riding, high
powered car, in the hands of the
owner, is as economically operated as
the smaller, less comfortable car. This
is the direct result of vast improve
ments in carburetors, reducing to a
minimum fuel consumption, efficient,
i-pliable and economical oiling systems;
simplification of the motor, reduction
of friction, master of the intricacies
of driving and proper care of the ma
chine upon the part of owner and the
c nsaqucnt dispensing with the chauf
feur as a necessary nuisance. Again,
the now universal practice of housing
the car "within the home garage has
proved a factor of considerable im
portance in the reduction of mainten
ance expense. The evil effects of un-dtr-inflation
are now, by nearly all,
fully appreciated, the necessity of
prompt attention to tire cuts, bruises,
blowouts and punctures understood
and, in a word, the general education
of the owner driver so advanced and
complete as to be most productive 01
appreciable decreased upkeep, expense
and general satisfaction to all con
cerned. The average automobile owner of to
day speaks as knowingly of rocker
arm or push rod play, loose connect
ing rods, proper spark plug air gap
and what not as the most expert
chauffeur or mechanician and, as a
rule, given the necessary time he
i an as expertly remedy the trouble
and quite as efficiently as either of
the abOT.-. This knowledge of tha
machine, even though it be compara
tively of a superficial nature, is ex
tremely valuable to the owner and well
repays the exertion and time spent in
its acquirement. He fully understands
what takes place when the gear shift
is made, has a clear mental vision of
the transmission box containing the
gears, the mind's eye sees the second
or third change speed gear approach
its mate; however, as the clutch shaft
is revolving at a speed greatly in ex
cess of that of the counter shaft, he
instantly realizes the liability of
damage to the gears should they be
'orced to engagement under existing
circumstances, consequently after ce
clutching, pauses an instant before
changing the side lever and engaging
the gears, which may be accomplished
noiselessly and without perceptible
"T-sitation upon the art of the driver.
He also knows' t6a adanaK and re
tarding the spark has absolutely nc
oearing upon the intensity or "fatness"
of same, but refers, simply, to the
period of time at which the spark is
caused to leap the atr gap, firing the
casoline charge, relative to the posi
tion of the piston within the cylinder,
which knowledge is not only indispen
sable to the satisfactory performance
FOITXTAI3T DAIRY LTJXCH
I'nder American Trust & Savings
Bank. cor. San Antonio & Oregon Sts.
AMERICA?.- DAIRY LTTXCH
Cor. Texas & Stanton Sts..
merican "So. 1 consolidated vritb
31-32 Texas Street. Bell Phone J379.
Chalmers Motor Company of El Paso
Cor. W. San Antonio and Santa Fe Sts.
El Paso Rubber &
Greer's Electric Qar
508 N. KANSAS trlc
the motor to sputter and spit a time
or two and stop, in which case it will
require a great deal of cranking and
luite a loss of time to get her started
Should the gasoline filler tank cap
become lost, do not, by any means, use
a naked cork for stopping up the
aperature, as a bit of the cork is apt
to be drawn into the tank, thence the
gasoline line, effectually shutting off
the flow of gas. If it is absolutely
necessary to make use of. a cork, wrap
It in a pocket handkerchief before in
serting in the opening. The cork
should be replaced with a new filler
cap as promptly as possible as the
cork will not allow the admittance of
air to the tank to replace the con
sumption of gasoline, which will re
sult in the pressure within the tank
becoming less than that of the atmos
phere; interfering with the proper
feeding of the gasoline. If one will
note carefully he will find a small
opening in the center of the filler cap,
which is placed there for the purpose
of supplying air to the tank as the
gasoline is used. See that this hole
is always kept open.
When the action of a small two or
four cylinder engine is irregular, or,
In other words, one cylinder is ap
parently missing, if tfte trouble is not
found to exist In the spark plugs and
the adjusting of the carburetor fails to
remedy the irregularity, then one may
be reasonably sure that the "jump" is
the result of loss or leakage of com
pression. This may be due either to
pitted valves or valve seats or to de
fective piston rings. "While a slignt
leaKage or compression in a large
cylinder could hardly be detected, un
less the leakage occured at spark plug
ports or past Yhe valve cages, escaping
with an easilv locate hisslnir snunri
as the loss would be negligible; in the
case 01 tne smaller bore cylinder such
a loss would make itself aparent at
once (easily detected by the sound of
the exhaust) and as the result of the
loss, insofar as the action of the en
gine is concerned, is quite similar to
tha't caused by the misbehavior of the
igniting apparatus, the latter is quite
often erroneously blamed and a great
deal of time consumed in investing
along lines foreign to the trouble.'
The equipment for a cross country
or long tour should invariably include
an extra pair of goggles as the lenses
are quite easily broken and if this mis
bap is followed by a strong -wind ac
companied by dust and sand, progress
ie likely to be delayed for hours, even
on a good road. Many accidents have
resulted from the attempt to drive
without the aid of goggles during a
windstorm. Their cost is trifling and
their use universally recommended.
On all day drives where It Is necessarv
to keep them on continuously, it -will
of the machine upon all sorts of roads,
but, wisely handled, means longevity to
tne nie of the motor not to mention
incidental repair bills.
To further avoid gasoline trouble,
when filling the tank, strain the gaso
lene through a copper gauze sieve
(first wetted with gasoline) or a cha
mois similarly -wetted. Too much
stress cannot be laid upon the value
of this precaution. If water enters tne
gasoline line it will eventually reach.
El Paso Auto Sales Co.
Office 713 N. Ochoa St.
J. E. JOHNSON, JR., MGR.
Ignition and Lighting
WISEMAN A ANDERSON.
Corner Myrtle and Kansas St
Automobiles, Trucks, Passenger Cars and
Supplie' Distributors for the South-vrest-
400 Block, No. Santa Fe.
Auto Supply Co.
Geo. L. Fisher, Distributor.
Salesrooms Southwestern Building.
Phone 189. P. 0. Box 77.
Cars. Sparking Batteries, and
the combustion, chambers and cause
be found that it is quite a relief to
the eyes to change the goggles oc
casionally; that is, wear a different
style goggle when the eyes become
strained or fatigued. This practice
relieves the monotonous strain upon
the eyes, has a tendency to prevent
their aching, as well as the head, after
a long day's trip and, what is more,
adds to the safety of the car and party,
ii jt jt
ASKED AXD ASWERKD.
Motoring Department The Herald.
I have considerable trouble starting my
engine in cold weather. After I prime
the cylinders with gasoline it starts at
once, runs for a few revolutions and
stops again. Sometimes I have to re
peat the priming operations several
times before the engine runs well. I
konw it Is an accepted fact that en
gines do not start well in cold weather,
but would like an explanation.
Cold weather interferes with effec
tive engine operation in several ways,
chief among which is the fact that it
prevents a rapid vaporization of the
fuel. Priming the cylinders will natu
rally introduce gas directly into the
cylinders. This will produce one ex
plosion at least in each cylinder, and
as soon as the cylinder becomes warm
the mixture from the carbureter will
ao its work.
Motoring Department, The Herald
My engine runs on all four cylinders
regularly, but does not seem to have
as much power as it had. Will you
please let me know some of the things
that might cause such a condition?
The ffldit common cause is poor com
pression in the cylinder. Vlf the car
buretor is adjusted to give either too
rich or too lean a mixture loss of
power will result. Should the bearings
of an engine be set up tight the same
trouble will result, due to the addi
tional friction, as it will also do when
the clutch slips and does not transmit
to the rear wheels the full engine
power. Brake rods sometimes get out
of adjustment, causing the brake bauds
to rub on the drums of the wheels.
even wnen me oraKe is not applied.
Motoring Department, The Herald
js ii true tnat more power can be ob-
tained from an engine by operating the
muffler cut-out, and if so, why? L. J.
Yes, a, muffler cut-out will give an
engine more power. There is more or
less back pressure to the exhaust
gases in passing from the cylinders.
During this operation the piston acts
as a plunger to force the gases out
If the cut-out valve is opened or the
muffler removed entirely, the exhaust
gases have a more free exit, and there
is less back pressure on the piston.
However, there is no particular advan
tage gained by using the cut-out valve
when the engine is running slowly. At
high engine speeds and heavy pulling
when the throttle Is wide open, a dis
tinct increase in power can be noticed
upon opening thexcut out.
3fr 3fr 3fr
Motoring Department, the Herald
One of the coils was soaked -with wa
ter the other day and since that time
it will not work, although I tried dif
ferent adjustments of the vibrator.
What can I do with such a coil?
Nothing will deteriorate a high ten
sion coil more rapidly than the pres
ence of moisture in the winding. Wa
ter is a good conductor of electricity,
and when the insulation of the secon
dary becomes -soaked the current short
circuits. The primary winding is not
as sensitive as the secondary -winding,
due to the voltaee beintr miirOi lnm.r
A coil affected by moisture cannot be
repaired except by those experienced.
Motoring Department, The Herald
The No. 2 coil on my car buzzes all
the time when the switch is turned
on. The engine will not run well and
fires back into the carbureter. The"
other three coils work all right. C K.
The No. 2 coil buzzing continually
indicates that the wire leading from
that coil to the timer is touching
the metal work of the engineer at
some point or the corresnnnrllnrr num
bered contact piece of the timer is not
properly insulated from the metal of
The trouble can be located by re
moving the No. 2 wire from the timber
while the ignition switch Is turned
on. If the buzzing stops, the contact
Is not insulated, but it the buzzing
continues examine the Insulation of
the wire leading from coll to the timer
In order to see if it is touching the
metal work of the engine.
A coll that buzzes all the time will
produce a constant spark In the cylin
der. "When the fresh gas enters No.
2 cylinder from the carburetor It ig
'niles, and on account of the intake
valve being open, it turns back into
the intake manifold and mixing
chamber of the carburetor, causing the
back firing you mention.
WHEEL IS SMASHED
An example of what slippery streets
will dp to an automobile was witnessed
yesterday afternoon on Upson avenue,
v.hen the bier Chalmers "six" tourinir i
car of I E. Booker skidded and slipped
against the curbing on the Icy pave
nent, completly shattering the right
lear wheel. The splinters of the wheel
are as tough as whalebone, almost, and
can be twisted many times before
breaking, showing that the wheel is
made of very tough wood and demon
strating what tremendous force a skid
ding automobile must gain. This is the
most serious automobile accident so
far experienced as a result of the cold
in El Paso. The wheels were equipped
with chains, but the skid occurred any
fcow. Complaints of
Subscribers are earnestly re
quested to call 2030 before
6:30 p. m. if The Herald is
not received at the usual
time. It is our object to
give prompt and regular de
livery and we appreciate in
formation leading to a bet
terment of the service. The
City Circulation department
closes at 6:30 p. m. and
papers cannot be sent out
if complaints are made after
ONE afternoon in November of
1911 a large gray touring car.
having found its way from the
north over a then new and un
known route, entered El Paso.
That car presented to the city,
as a pre-Christmas gift, the best
transcontinental auto route across
the continent. Almost without notice
and with but little assistance, the bor
derland has slowly becamo known in
the north and east and in one short
j car nas grown m popularity until
it is now the. main transcontinental
This has come about because of two
irain characteristics of the route.
First, the route is one with a large per
centage of naturally good road, low
altitudes, easy mountain passes, nu
merous towns and supply stations and
water everywhere; second because of
its almost direct run south through
nine counties of west Texas, it gets
far to the south on reaching xl Paso;
going west from El Paso it avoids the
high mountainous district of New Mex
ico and Arizona, passing through cen
ters of population and along lines of
I All Year Route.
(These facts make it trulv an "all
year route" instead of one that can be
traveled only about five months during
the year. Notwithstanding these great
natural advantages, the present is a
crucial time in the life of this route
and there is grave danger that by a
failure to realize the Importance of Its
benefits to the several localities, the
people of west Texas and El Paso
may not give it the vigilant, active
support they should In the fight now
being oroanized against it by Colorado.
Utah and Nevada, led by Denver and
Bait Lake City.
In order to make the situation clear
it is necessary to review some recent
road history in the southwest. In the
fall of 1911 southern California. Ari
zona and New Mexico formed a tri
state league for the purpose of
Sf curing aid individual,, city, coun
ty, state and national to build
a transcontinental highway from Al
buquerque by way of Magdalena, Clif
ton, Globe. Roosevelt, Phoenix and
Yuma to Los Angeles.
Soon after their organization was
formed,' the "Borderland" was found
and because of its extreme feasibility
as compared with the difficulties of
their proposed route, it immediately
became a dangerous rival for eastern
public favor. At that time Colorado
gave the tri-state route jts support,
because that route strengthened the
Colorado situation by giving an outlet
io the southwest: for the same reason
Colorado was not pleased with Intru
sion on the map of the "Borderland."
as that road, running south from Dodge
car the wise
as mm u, running souin irom uoage - mile lengtn, tne run fruit of its useful- ' I J
You were depending then on the other fellow,
He told you what you wanted. Now, you
yourself now what you want, and say so in no
'I want a car my wife can start every time from
the driver's seat by merely pressing a button. r
"I want electric lights, three-point suspension,
unit power plant and enclosed valves.
"My car must have long wheel base, elliptic
springs and gasoline pressure feed service tank
in the rear.
"Put everything the driver needs right on the
dash within easy reach.
Give me a big roomy tonneau plenty of
sprawl 100m and. thick, luxurious upholstering.
'Add to this a big, powerful silent motor that is
silent that does not falter at mud and hills.
I'Then if your car has distinction personality,
if you pleaseand is backed by a big, depend-
LongweD's Auto Truck & Sales Co.
JAS. TAYS, Manager
Route Is "The E!
By C. H. Lester
City. Kansas wauld take its tourists
entirely away from Colorado and cut
uiiu lilt; i lull icrcnucs, iium luuiiais
that state has enjoyed for some time.
About the time these things were hap
pening farther south, the city of Salt
Lake was busily promoting the "Mid
Continent" route across Utah, Nevada
and to the Pacific.
Denver JoIn Salt Lake In I'icht.
Realizing that the obstacles to be
overcome were too great to permit the
building of the road from Albuquerque
in time for its use by tourists on their
way to the exposition, and knowing
that the "Borderland," being even now
"a going road," would absorb a heavy
Percentage of thet travel unless active
measures were taken to prevent it,
Denver has now joined with Salt Lake
to in every way possible, further the
interests of the mid-continent, as its
traffic would still pass through Den
At the present time New Mexico has
practically abandoned the Tri-State
route and now proposes to use its re
sources largely in the building of a
great state highway from Santa Fe
scuth along the course of the Camino
Leal to Anthony, where it will connect
with the El Paso county road. This
read will give northern New Mexico
two outlets to the borderland one via
Vaughn and lioswell and the other via
Bordcrlnnd Gnlnn Kavor.
As it becomes better known, the
borderland is fast becoming a favorite
with motorists because of its present
superiority over any other across the
backbone of the continent, but in the
"mid-continent" route it has a dan
gerous rival for future public favor a
rival with far fewer 'natural advan
tages, but compensated and supported
by the brainc, the money and the ac
tive assistance of the business and po
litical organizations of two great cit
ies, and by the different communities
through which the mid-continent
Those cities are not leaving their
ccean-to-ocean destiny to be worked
out by a few motor enthusiasts, but
fully realizing .he business importance
of the matter, they are using the chan
nels of their chambers of commerce,
their city and state government, and
their representation in congress for the
purpose of t making their route the
great national highway to the Pacific.
Those who have studied the matter be
lieve that the securing of the prircipal I
ocean-to-ocean highway by either Den-
ver or El Paso would at this time equal I
in oeneiits tnose derived from tne .
building of another line of railroad,
besides being of the same relative value
to all towns and territory through
which it passed.
Must "Work for the Borderland.
If the Borderland is to win in this
competitive race and return to El Paso
and the other towns along its 1200
mile length, tho full fruit of its useful-
when , you
front you put
ress it must receive the same full mea
sure of support from business inter
ests, that is so heartily 'being given its j
enly great rival. " i
It is not sufficient for the commu-
nity as represented by the business or
ganizations of Stratford, Amarillo,
Canyon, Tulias. Plainview, Lubbock,
Plains, Kosweu, jsi Jfaso, ueming,
Douglas. Bisbee, Tucson and Phoenix,
to pass this matter over to their re
spective auto clubs. While the local
clubs may and do accomplish much in
a local way, the scope of this work is
too great for them, with their limited
means and numbers to successfully
In addition to the foregoing, a minor
plat to disrupt the Borderland and dis
member all that part in Kansas, Okla
homa and Texas, is now batching. Cen
tral Arizona, foiled in this ocean-to-ocean
highway by the defection of New
Mexico and its decision to build the
Camino Real, is now working des-
Tt4A,.tt t..lr (n foV. G tl... fAllmninf,
route: Use the Santa Fe trail west-
wara io ja junta; tnen a. w. to Trin
idad and Santa Fe. N. M.; then use the
Camino Real along the Rio Grande
scuth to Las Cruces and possibly to
El Paso; then west over the Border
land to Deming and Lordsburg; but
at Lordsburg the Central Arizona
plotters propose to turn the route and
travel northweat into Central Arizona
via Duncan. Clifton. Globe, Roosevelt
If this neat little scheme will work
it is intended to benefit Colorado and
Central Arizona by eliminating the
travel from all the towns on the Bor
derland in Oklahoma, Texas and west
of Lordsburg in Arizona. Locally, -we
In El Paso should not forget that we
are 40 miles south of Las Cruces and
that with a bridge thrown across the
river at that point a small amount of
n-eney will build a good road west
direct to Deming; in fact, a consider
able part of such road is already built
and Luna county stands ready to ex
tend it eastward to the Dona Ana.
ccunty line. I will not comment on
the situation except to sav that it has
possibiliies. Will EI Paso and its sister
tewns along the Borderland, and espe
cially in west Texas . quietly sleep
while their energetic rivals to the
lorth and west are preparing to reap'
tneir lounst narvesir
E. H. MANiGAULT
Civil Engineer and Surveyor
410 Caples Building
El Paso, Texas Phone 4290
bought your first motor
up when the salesman began jab
and the "differential"?
able organization, if I can buy all this at $2000
or less, bring out your order blank"
Now, -if the salesman you happen to be talking
to represents the COLE, you have closed the
deal then and there because youVe taken
the specifications of the COLE ok our lips.
THREE CHASSIS THREE PRICES
411 equipped with Delco Electric Starter. lighting and ignition.
ri -4n n' WM base ""Pktely equipped. $1685
h,e J7 J'11?: Yhe.e.lbase. completely equipped, $1985
New Cole Six Cylinder "60," 132-in. wheel baseT completely
All the seme quality, merely diamonds of vartfng karat
Whether or not you are an experienced motorist, get the Cole
Blue rjook, a 64-page liberal gasoline education it is worth
120-122 San Francisco St.
PL VXTS. POtTLTR-Y
lAi? KCE SUPPLIES
Our 1013 Catalogue Our larg
est and finest Catalogue readi
for mailing January 1st. A book
that is necessary to the success
of every Southern Farmer Truck-
Cl , 1UU11I 111U1 cUU JH2V JCXCClTJi --
Mailed free udor remie-t Tells
all about Seeds, when and how to
piant Write today.
Texsecd Brand Alfalfa Seed Thf
money crop for your farms: brines
vou better cash returns witn les
outlay tnan anyuungyoucanEow
Seed torn Jf amous UKianoma 1U1
Ranch White Wonder. Souaw. Ok-
ahoma Yellow Dent. Texas Grown
white - Red cob. btrawberry
Bloody Butcher. Hickory King!
rexseea roiinc wnne-wniteuoD
Mexican June Corn and all North
Jetton Seed-Stacial prices on lartre
lots samples .-vent on request.
The Texas Seed & Floral Co.
40C- Carutb. St.. Dallas. Texas.
Mules & Horses
2t extra fine, large, broke. Most
. . Aston
Court House Wagon Yard.
Our 25c lb.
"FOLLOW THE CROWD."
THE STORE BEAUTiK UL.
kO ? IP
TRI-STATE MOTOR CO. Cr
ACCESSORIES AND FORD PARTS