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H. D. Slater, Editor-in-Chief and controlling owner,' has directed The Herald for 15 Years;
G. A. Martin is News Editor.
EL PASO HERALD
Editorial and Magazine Page
Wednesday, January Fifteenth, 1913
Copper, Conservation, and El Paso
COPPER men will greedily absorb every item of news about the electrifying
of steam railroads. For years it has been recognized that this way lies
the greatest promise of increase in copper consumption. And it has also
been well understood that it would be only a matter of a few years before the
movement should begin in earnest not limited to great cities and terminals, but
spread throughout the country wherever water power or other cheap source of
primary power could be had, to produce electric current.
But the most sanguine of prophets has scarcely dared to predict the general
inauguration of the movement within a decade. Therefore it comes with a shock
of glad surprise, to learn that the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul main line between
Harlowtown, Mont, and Avery, Ida., 450 miles, will be electrified at once with
power from the Great Falls Power company. This is the first example in tha
United States of electrifying steam roads on a large scale, away from great cities.
The work will be finished in three years. It is certain that this will be fol
lowed by many other transformations of the kind, on an immense scale. There
is scarcely a railroad crossing the Cascade and Coast ranges, but what will be
able to find a source of water power whence electricity can be had to run main
line trains. Nature wfll be forced to lift the trains over her own mountain bar
riers. There need be no more laborious and costly haulage of coal across the ranges,
but the electric current will drive along through rail and wire, carrying from the
waterfalls hundreds of miles away, the impulse to move the trains.
And in the Appalachian range on the east, there is water power available in
almost every state by the millions of horse power, that can be developed, trans
formed into electric current, and used to run all the great railroad systems with
out the hauling or burning of a pound of coaL Think what it Tnpan; to run an
the trains and shops of railroads by a current that can be led around through
wires and turned on and off with a switch, with the ease of a water faucet or an
On a mountain line, a railroad uses one-third of its entire equipment and
power to haul fueL Electrify the roads, and all that equipment and power may be
turned to profitable operation. A steam locomotive goes to the roundhouse for
inspection at the end of a 150 mile run; the New York Central runs its electric
locomotives 1200 miles between inspections. The steam locomotive is extremely
wasteful, its usable power being only a small fraction of the power theoretically
available; when it is stopped temporarily, it is generating steam just the same,
and popping and blowing with pressure, but the electric locomotive saves every
unit of power when it stops.
Steam power tosts on the average in the west, S150 per horsepower, but electric
power can he developed, transmitted long distances, and delivered to railroads and
industries at 40 per horsepower. The St Paul road spends over 36,000,000 a year
for locomotive fuel, but it wfll now spend, $8,000,000 to electrify one 450 mile
-tr, and care11 estimates show that the entire' Investment will be returned
within five years, in savings in operation expense.
Now as to the "conservation'' feature: for many years the development of
water power sites has been prevented by fear on the part of owners and capitalists
of what the government might try to do to them, and by a false sentiment of
saving" everything for "future generations" that has been promoted by a certain
group of conservationists" who have influenced the government at least to the
extent of causing a stoppage of development work.
Secretary Fisher of the interior deoartmMir sfarfiwi ; ,.. , -t. ji.
aple of Gifford Ptnchot, and when he was appointed he was Mr. Pinchof s principal
associate in the National Conservation association, being its vice president while
Mr, Pinchot was president; previously Mr, Fisher had been president of the Con
servation league. Itwas gratifying to all industrial America when secretary
Fisher after his appointment, displayed a growing sense of the real needs of in
I2Sr df dopmeat, a a disposition to get away from the purely theoretical
a3T fr of tte extrem "conservationists." Secretary Fisher, in his in
vestigations and reports on conservation matters, including water power and Alaska
coal, has displayed a genuine desire to promote, not hinder, legitimate develop
ment, f ully realizing the industrial and financial necessities of the situation, while
Sdrf thTstate.6 eameStIy SeeMng t0 safeSnard proper interests of Unpeople
Hence it is no surprise to find that, when the matter of a grant of rightofwav
for transmission over government land, of power from Great Falls, came before
him, the secretary met the issue in a businesslike way. He went into the ques
tion thoroughly, and gave every consideration to the interests of the public as well
as to the needs of the power company and the railroad. He authorized a grant of
50 years to transmit power across public lands; the company had owned its water
power site for many years btft could not operate without the grant of rightofway
The grant includes reasonable compensation to the government for the privilege
and requires full compliance by the company with state and federal laws. Secre-'
tary Fisher showed no desire to impose upon the power company any conditions
not fully justified and demanded by clear public interest.
By acting in this open minded and truly progressive way, the secretary has
greatly served the cause of conservation. By making it possible to develop and use
the power, he helps to remove the great economic waste arising from the neglect
of the water power; he helps to restrict the great waste and consumption of coal
he helps to save to profitable employment one-third of the total equipment and
power cost of a great railroad system; he helps to remove the terrible menace to
the forests, caused by sparks from steam locomotives; and withal, he safeguards
in every way the public interests of this and future generations.
. t0' Eyan' president of e Amalgamated Copper company and successor
of H. H. Rogers, and president also of the Great Falls Power company, expresses
satisfaction with the treatment of the whole question by the national government.
He believes that the contract just negotiated with secretary Fisher will be made
the baas of general legislation that will give a great impetus to developing water'
power and electrifying railroads in the west.
"Not less than 10,000 miles of mountain railway in the western states," says
president Ryan, "wfll be electrified within the next few years as a direct result of
the radical step taken by the St Paul system."
The meaning of all this, to us in the southwest, is direct and tremendous in
fluence upon the copper industry. It is altogether probable that our own country
is oa the -verge of an electrical transformation, while the old world must in the
nature of things, adopt like business economies in the operation of its industries
One-fourth of the world's copper supply is produced within El Paso's inner trade
district, and within this area furthermore the greatest undeveloped copper mines
in America await only the call of the market, when they wfll be raised almost imme-
moieiy ruiu me ran k s 01 tne great producers.
Zoos Aid Nature Studies
Student in Cities Are 3Iore Familiar
With Wild Animnls
By Frederi" J. UasKir
SHINGTON, D. C Jan. 15.
Within the past generation
there has been a marked in
crease in the development of zoological
gardens in different parts of this coun
try. The appearance of a lion, ele
phant or hippopotamus i3 more fa
miliar to hundreds of thousands of city
school children now than that of a
sheep or cow, because the city child
goes to the zoo oftener than to the
farm. Each year added attention is
given to nature study taught in this
manner. The difference between the
management of the zoological gardens
in this country and those of Europe is
marked and much is to be said in
favor of both systems.
Tne Zoos of Europe.
In Kurope the zoological parks are
all Important social centers. They are
never free and in addition to the at
traction of the collected animals there
are continuous concerts, attractive res
taurants and dance halls which are
open, not only in the day time, but
until late at night as wett.
The zoo in Berlin is considered in
many respects the finest In the world,
and it is equipped with two bands.
Sometimes several orchestras are also
in attendance and concerts are held in
different parts of the park while re
freshments of all kinds are served at
popular prices. The average receipts
at the Berlin zoo are $1000 a. day and
there have been as many as 80,600
people in attendance in a single day.
While children are taken to this zoo
as a special treat, the largest propor
tion of its patrons are adults whose
expenditures for food and drink aid
greatly in the support of the resort.
Most of the other zoological gardens
in Europe are conducted in the same
Pn Tickets for Children.
The first zoos in the United States
A never failin' way f git yi
in th' paper is t' climb thro'
wire fence with a eun. What's become
o' th' clever ole butcher that used t' trim
th' steak instead 0' th' customer?
The Diary of A Bachelor
He Feels that He Is Getting Too Far
From Shore 'With the WidotT
and Need Help.
The Auburn Hair
A Short Story.
ANY years had passed since 1
had heard from my old friend
and college chum Jacques Dar-
were modeled a little after the Euro- ville. One day, however. I unexpectedly
pean la organiiauuu. mo ,WCI? i receivea a letter xrom mm in wnica he
openea unaer tne auspices oj.
zoological societies and has to de
pend upon their admission fees for a
part of their support. In recent years
the Philadelphia Zoological society has
received large appropriations from the
city treasury in return for which It
issues annually thousands of free tick
ets which are distributed among the
public, schools with the idea of giving
each child the benefit of one free visit
to the zoological park. These visits
are usually made in the spring.
The free zoological park is distinctly
an American innovation and is in line
with manv other generous educational
1 advantages. The first free zoological
park was in central paric in new oric
where an interesting collection of ani
mals was supported by the city for the
benefit of the public. The Central park
zoo for a number of years has been
completely overshadowed by the one
which has been opened in the Bronx
more recently. The Bronx park now
contains about 6000 animals and is in
some respects the largest zoological
collection in the world. All of Its
treasures are absolutely free .to the
most ragged urchin who can manage
to reach its boundaries.
The Care of 'Wild Animals.
The care of wild animals in a zoo Is
rather an unusual occupation, but one
that is each year calling for the ser
vice of a larger number of active,
strong men. While most of the direc
tors of the zoological parks are scien
tists, few of the keepers and care
takers have had any special training
for their work because, outside of the
traveling circuses, there are few op
portunities to obtain such training.
The difference between the care of
animals in a circus and in a zoological
park Is that in the circus there is a.
constant effort made to induce! them
to perform tricks of various kinds,
whereas in a zoo the Idea is to keep
them in as nearly a natural condition
as possible. "With a few exceptions,
chiefly among monkeys, the animals in
a zoological park are encouraged in all
of their natural habits and their cages
are planned as nearly as possible with
this end In view.
One of the hardest animals to keep
in healthful condition in an American
zoo Is the moose, and yet it is almost
his natural atmosphere and surround
ings. The harnessed antelope whioh is
native to such swampy conditions in
South Africa that his hoofs aro spread
wide apart, enabling him to support
himself upon the Papyrus fibres with
which the swamp is netted, has given
no trouble in captivity even when he
Is confined in a cage having a floor
of solid concrete and given dry hay
Reindeer Is Bare In Zoos.
The reindeer is a rare animal in
told me that he had just been married,
had bought a chateau in Britany and
now wanted me to visit him and meet
Not very long afterwards I called on
him and was greeted warmly by my
"I am so glad to see you once more,"
he said and slapped me heartily on the
back. "Come inside and I will introduce
you to Angellque."
He had changed since I saw him last,
though he was a little more dignified.
"We passed through a magnificent hall
to a tasteful furnished salon, where we
found lime. Darville waiting for us.
She was a beautiful woman with a
wealth of golden hair and big gray
eyes, and she received me in the most
The chateau was a very large and
very old building, but remarkably well
preserved and en Ideal country home
for a man with money enough to keep
it in order, ily own room was very
largo and cozy and a bright fire was
blazing in the immense fire place. The
furniture was very oT J and would have
delighted a connoisseur. An antique
dresser of solid mahogany particularly
attracted my attention.
At the dinner table I asked Jacques
where he got it and he told me he had
found it In one of the rooms in the
oldest part of the castle and had it
polished up and repaired.
After dinner we sat down In front of
the big fire place in the hall and talked
of our college days. Jacques asked me
if I remembered how we had played
ghosts and scared a timid fellow stu
dent out of his wits.
"I am sorry to say that I don't think
we have any ghosts here to amuse you
uuriuir tne niKnu ne continual. "Thn
t castle Is old and full of historic in
terest so it ougnt to he haunted, but
we have never noticed anything su
pernatural." As he said this I happened to look at
his wife, who looked pale and scared,
so I began to talk of other things.
A little later lime. Darville arose and
'T believe Angellque is a little nerv
ous, said Jacques when she had left
us, "but really there la nothing to
frighten her here. I never heard of
this place being haunted."
We talked together until nearly mid
night and then went upstairs.
It was blowing a gale outside and I
threw some more wood on the fire. "I
was half undressed when I heard a
fault rustle and turned my head to see
what It was. I had a peculiar feeling
of not being alone in the room and I
was not mistaken, for at the old dresser
ECEMBER 15 The days are
passing in a monotony that is
both pleasant and profitable.
Pleasant to me in watching the trans
formation taking place in Manette. and
profitable to her in a degree that ex
ceeds every expectation.
She has grown round and rosy.
There is a healthy tan on her chefeKs.
and in many ways she is again her
former sweet, merry. impi9h self.
December 18 The widow with whom
I spend many hours while we are
watching the children at play in the
sand seems to be gradually edging up
on me. I notice that in our talks of
books she quotes more frequently
from stories and poems concerning
love, and the other evening she told
the story of her life.
When a widow, without solicitation,
tells a bachelor the story of her life.
Diary, does it mean a mermaid is after
him and he had better swim to shore?
She was married, she said, very, very
young. They all were. Diary. Indeed,
if all that widows say is true, men a
few years ago were guilty of the hein
ous crime of snatching a babe from
the cradle and carrying it to the
She did not marry for love, she added
with a sigh. None of them do. Diary.
In fact. I knew so well what she was
a barbed I srolng to say that if it were not for the
inwa.ru amusement sue was .anoraing
me, I'd have told the story ot her life
She married when a mere child to
please her parents. Her husband was
good to her. but she never knew the
real happiness that true love brings.
(Another sigh.) He died the year after
their child was born. (Another sigh.)
He was a good man and she reveres his
memory, but she could not grieve for
him. He Is better oft. (More sighs.)
"Alice and I are alone In the world."
she said, with that sob-like quality to
her voice, which is so effective in the
moonlight, "and while I have much
to be thankful for, yet I am very, very
"Manette." I called to the child, who
was a few yards away, "come! It is
time to go up and see what the Sand
Man has in the story-Dack tonight."
"Are you not spoiling the child?"
said the widow, with some of the sob
quality missing. "Why not let the
nurse take her In?"
"She Is all I have in the world," I
said, lifting her up and talking with
some difficulty because of the tight
ness with which two little arms en
circled my neck; "all I will ever have
and I am grateful to heaven that I
have some one left me to spoil."
Then I tipped my hat and walked
away. Diary, feeling as If I had post
poned hearing another proposal of
December 19 We had drifted Into
the realm of books in our conversa
tion this morning, and by "we" I mean
the widow and myself, and after a dis
cussion of the modern book, written
solely for mercenary ends and which
will not last a year, had turned to a
writer whose books will live forever.
She liked David Copperfleld best:
"The love story is so beautifullv
told." Then she quoted much that
David wrote about Dora and in tones
that made me edge a little further
"Which book do you like best'" she
asked. I had no favorites. I told her:
neither had I a memory as good as
"But there is one thing I can quote,"
I replied, getting up in readiness to
accompany Manette on her ride, "and
it is from Pickwick."
"Indeed." said the widow, "tell me I
what It is: Tou know our souls are
so congenial I can almost tell vou that
Married Life the Third Year
Helen Exchanges One of Her Christ
mas Girts, bnt Has Reason
to Regret It.
By Mabel Herbert Crner
JT it on the hall table sug
gested Warren. "It's dark
out there. and nobody"!!
"And have everyone see it the first
thing they come in?" exclaimed Helen.
"Why. it would cheapen the whole
"Warren shrugged his shoulders.
"Chuck it out of isht, then. Tm not
keen on- having it around."
"Oh, but dear, we must have it
out somewhere. She'll be sure to look
for it when she comes."
"What if she does? Anybody who
didn't have any more sense than to
send a thing like that"
"Oh, she wanted to -send something
showy," interrupted Helen. "She ought
to have known I'd rather have the
least little thing and had it good."
frowning at Mrs. Osborne's gaudy
Christmas present, which still rankled
In her mind.
It was an electric table lamp with a
cheap, glaring red and green glass
shade. The base was a gilded half
nude figure of a woman with wind
blown hair, holding the lamp with an
upraised arm. - It was a hideous exam
ple of a hideous type. An to Helen,
whose home was furnished in charm
ingly simple things mostly antiques,
the gauds' decorations of this lamp
seemed to shriek at her.
Even Warren had admitted that it
was "pretty bad." And when Helen
thought of the sterling silver berry
spoon she had sent Mrs. Osborne, she
resented It even more.
"I have it," laughed Warren, as
Pussy Purrmew suddenly Jumped on
the table and sniffed inquiringly at
the lamp. "Chuck it away somewhere
and say Pussy "Purrmew knocked it
over. About Jime she did something
to earn her chopped meat."
Blaming It On the Cat,
"Oh, but she couldn't knock It
over! She isn't strong enough."
"Like to know why she isn't? She
could get tangled up in that cord, all
right, and pull the whole blame thing
"Yes, I suppose she could," admitted
Helen. But it's a shame. Isn't it
kitten-cat?" stroking her soft fur,
"to blame you with something you're
nut Pussy Purrmew, who was
purrlngly rubbing her nose against
Helen's hand, seemed quite satisfied to
take the blame. .
Long after Warren had gone, Helen's
mind kept revolving around the lamp.
Could she really tell Mrs. Osborne that
Pussy Purrmew had broken It? Why
not? At least she was determined not
to disfigure her apartment with its
cheap gaudiness. And what else could
she do with it? Put it in the maid's
room? But Mrs. Osborne would be
furious if she ever saw it there.
That afternoon Mrs. Stevens came by
in her car to take Helen driving.
"Oh, who gave you that?" was al
most her first question, nodding tow
ard the lamp.
Helen laughed. "Isn't it .dreadful?"
"I know who sent it." persisted Mrs.
Stevens, with the familarity of a long
friendship "Mrs. Osborne!"
Helen flushed. "How did you know?
"Oh, it looks just like her. She
only sent me a card; you know we
By GEORGE FITCH,
Author of "At Good Old Smash."
A SNOW shovel is a light wooden
handle with a broad face at one
end and a kind heart at the
Snow shovels are used to excavate the
world in winter after nature has made
a disturbance like the late Democratic
election. The snow shovel is cheap and
a carload can be bought for the price of
one piano player. But the snow shovel
is the front yard mark of the thought
ful man and the good citifen. '
The snow shovel of the thoughtful
man is worn and splintered with hard
use. Its owner yanks it from its slum
bers at sunrise after a snow storm, and
anointing its elbows with the oil of kind
ness, he makes a path past his property
with the energy of a rotary snow plow.
Then he retires to breakfast and eats 34
buckwheat cakes with his newly ac
quired appetite while his neighbors walk
dryshod past his residence and sigh for
a chance to vote for him for alderman.
The snow shovel of the citizen with
the Poland China ancestry reposes in
the attic covered with dust, "when the
blizzard piles a four foot drift on the
public walk, the citizen who wears
clothes to conceal his bristles, burrows
a little deeper under the covers and
snoozes until his wife has built the fire
g :- 0
ov wuswiiiu a win aiiUiiSL Id VUU lilt. I I .-.-.. ,--. , .I-ji x -r
it is a passage about love. Now Isn't haven t been very friendly since Mrs.
It?" 1 Dawson's tea. But what are you go
ing to ao witn tnatr
were geing to say
Manette's hand xcv: ?ti mini n-nrl
Tomnkins, with the horses, awaited
"I don't know about that, T re
plied. "This Is the quotation: Til let
you judge If It is about love. The
pirir- waller was talking to Sammv.
'All I can say on her now, Sammv. is
tnt she was such an uncommon pleas
ant widder. it's a great nlty she ever
changed her condition. Take example
by your father, my boy. and be very
careful o' widders all your life."
The widow lauehfd. She has such a
musical laugh. I have decided to send
for Mrs. Spencer. I feel as if T am
getting too far from shore to get back
without a life line.
Purrmew knocked it off and broke it," "5 CJ5 V a iauin market. G
laughingly, "and then stow it awav eo- DV George Mattthew Adams.
in tne trunk room."
"He makes a path past his property
wim cne energy 01 a snow piow.
and the world has tramped down the
drift so that he can get down to the
corner to the car without wading him
self. The snow shovel if energetically' used,
will prevent more pneumonia and bron
chitis than a carload of pills could. The
snow shovel, if carefully laid away in
cotton batting, will sleep in peace while
aered women and little children flounder
through the drif t3 with soaking feet and
send up their feeble petitions that some
day every pair of trousers may contain
a real man.
Examine the stranger who seeks to do
business with you in the winter for cal
louses on his palm. Lead him to a snow
shovel and if he grasps it with the con
fident skill of a college bov fondling
billiard cue, lend Mm money and sell
him goods on time. But ii he backs
away from the instrument with suspi
cion and asks you what it is, treat him
coldly and tell him that you never deal
" pork on a f allino- market. Copyright-
A Safe Civil War History
GOVERNOR COLQUITT of Texas says that the state school textbook board
has been unable to agree upon a history of the United States for use in the
public schools. Doubtless it is the civil war period that causes the deadlock.
What is the matter with "Woodrow Wilson's "Division and Reunion," covering the
whole period of 50 ox 60 years about which there can be any dispute? Here is
the nearest approach to an absolutely impartial history or the period, ever written.
It is a book that any parent of either northern er southern birth and point of
view may safely place in the hands of the young, with the certainty that the basis
of right individual judgment will be afforded thereby.
"Woodrow "Wilson is a southern born man of southern parentage, educated in
the south, wedded in the south, with all his formative associations southern, in
cluding his years at Princeton which is commonly classed as a southern school.
Yet he has studied history with an open mind, he has seen and expressed the basic
truths of the political history of the nullification and civil war neriod as no other
man has ever done in any published history. What Henry Grady was to sentimental
history, Woodrow Wilson is to scientific and philosophical history.
We speak of the little book above noted, not of his more elaborate "History
of the American People," which, though interesting and valuable, is not nearly as
perfect in its manner of expression, and in its balance and poise o'f historical judg
ments, as is the little and somewhat earlier book. "Division and Reunion" is writ
ten in a style that young students can comprehend, and it needs no blue penciling
to make it safe for the sons of veterans on either side of the great conflict
tention. One of the few of these beasts
to be found in warm climates is in the
National zoological park in Washing
ton, where he has been made the sub
ject of much study. He refuses to eat
much in the way of food excepting a
special kind of moss which is gath
ered in the northern mountains of
Maine and brought down at much ex
pense for his especial gratification. Re
cently he has been induced to nibble
at a few slices of fresh vegetables
which most of the other animals re
gard as a special treat In the middle
01 tne aiternoon.
zoos and one that reaulre3 careful at- I ?,d a beautiful woman, dressed ac
... -.. - - .. . . t riirnmp Tf n. n .. ... - ...
. , itLojjvia uj.i tne J.itn
century In a pale blue gown trimmed
with lace. She wore a small lace cap
and strangely enough she seemed to bo
She took no notice of my presence
whatever, but examined the dresser
jery carefully, evidently without flnd
tSf s? was looking for, and
then she suddenly disappeared through
the locked door. The apparition made
j very strong Impression on in?, but
U?e or.J25me- Oarville's nervous
Sss J- decided not to say anything
The old TdeHhat the polar bear suf- J 71 nights without seeinThefagam
X"i. iiaunieo 10 .rans I had al
mASK ""gotten the strange incident
ttw eaJ later Jacques wrote
sell the caatle and asked me if he might
make me a present of the old mahogany
m611 HS aLm"-ed so much. He and
Mme. Darville had Intended to travel
for a year or two. ".
Of course I accepted the gift with
hI and aJeF days later the dreSS
?hiirimy bedrom- That first night
QhtJ1twonian aPP?ared once more!
-o.u upcucu aii ine drawers of the
14 Years Ato Today
From The Herald This Dnte ISOfl.
POINTED PARAGRAPHS. , jotttivat t"n.-ttiif"-
(Chicago News.) 1 JOCRAAX ENTRIES.
No, AIomo, a spellbinder seldom I (Topeka Journal.)
shines at spelling bee. Many men lose time, no doubt, be-
All women are not as bad as other , because it flies so fast,
-women think they are. Many a N Tear's resolution is al-
It is pleasanter to. admit that you readv dolntr rt.,t ha no
have been sold than bought Moat wnme ,rJr t
Manv a man stands in front of a. Hot-
and swallows his pride. ?
If you have dyspepsia try aNcontin
nous treatment of hand made labor.
A man is apt to be suspicious of a
pretty sirl who talks only common
Lives 01 great men may remind us
ftflaf- nrnmat, aa Vnn pti-n'fht
when it comes to glances with their
Pooling the people Is not only easy.
It is also especially profitable.
Moet of the expensive experiences
are not worth the money.
.rrew cuvorced folk seem to profit ny
rtot ft- is sometimes better tn nmon their matrimonial mistakes.
LuecriuiBess Deing caxening, every
one should start some on its way.
.uoesn t it make you angry to pay
Some of the blame for the lies we
fen ought to be charged up to people
who ask our candid opinion.
Life Is full of uncertainties, principle
among them being the sure things.
If yon are going to screw up your
courage with strong drink, see that
you don't screw it too tight
Some people talk Incessantly just to
fcftp other people from finding out
that they have nothing to say.
$6 for a pair of shoes and a couple cf
weeks later see the same kind "on
sale" for $4.95?
REFLECTIONS OF A BACHELOR.
(New York Press.)
The plumbing needs repairing often
er than anything else except political
A' man cas be especially- proud of
timsrif for how well his w.fe manages
fers during the warm weather and has
to be supplied each day with Ice is as
erroneous as many other animal stor
ies. The polar bears in the Washing
ton zoo have been exceptionally
healthy even in the summer and seem
much less affected by the warm weath
er than many of the animals native to
a warm climate. They even breed In
captivity which is not by any means
frequent among wild animals. Unfor
tunately, however, the mothers usually
destroy the young before they can be
Baby Animals Attract Attention.
One of the most Interesting things In
connection with the care of wild ani
mals is the care of the young ones, and
a new arrival in the zoo, if it Is of an
unusual species, is looked forward to
as quite as important an event as the
coming of a human child. The first
baby elephant ever born in captivity
was a noteworthy creature, and the
producer of thousands of dollars to her
owners. The baby was born In Phila
delphia In 1SS2 of a. trlcrantic oleDhant
named Hebe. Zoologists from all over
the country came to examine this baby
before she was old enough to go out
upon the circus route.
A baby monkey is always an attrac
tion in a zoological park and quite a
number of them born in captivity have
seemed to thrive. Usually the mon
key mother makes no attempt to kill
her offspring, but nurses It in a most
numan manner. Jions and tigers are
apt to destroy their young if not
The head keeper of a zoo who has
also had years of experience- -with wild
animals in circuses believes however
that this tendency to kill arises from
extreme nervousness upon the part of
the mother caused by her inability to
hide her young as seems to be a nat
ural instinct Upon several occasions,
baby lions have been taken by the
keepers and given to some large fe
male dog to rear with excellent re
sults. A baby leopard born in the
Philadelphia zoo was nursed and
brought up by the -wife of one of the
keepers. The animal became so at
tached to his benefactor that he died
of broken heart upon being taken back
to the zoo when he was so nearly
grown as to be considered dangerous
in an ordinary house. ,
"Winter and Summer Homes.
There Is much less difference made
between winter and summer quarters
of animals than formerly. Most of the
animals from warm climates are con
fined in cages opening into yards
where they spend most of the summer.
When cold weather comes they simply
remain in their cages and the door
into the yard Is closed. The tempera
ture of an animal house in winter may
range anywhere from 50 to 75 degrees
without serious effect upon the ani
mals, although from GO to 65 degrees
is considered most desirable.
The zoological parks are now
equipped with modern heating plants
when oho hm V-; .5." "V1
ta t fi53 vrzSLJKILy- P
disappointed. A cleverly bidden spring
opened a compatrment and a slden
?S& rellef came iDt " fai"
I put my hand inside and drew out -
I opened and found within a wig of au-
Inthta r0M00d 5,0r fome " study
ing this object, and when I glanced un
I found the ghost look!,,,. .e ."P
an expression of reproachfln a moment
I understood the object of her search
and returned the parcel to her Shf r
warded me with a sweet smile and dul
appeared. I have never seen her sine!
a.nd fiVflrv fTtrmr ;AnAA -. fLt .
finf ft? Sth " c0nif1rtProf
the animals that occupy it
Tomorrow Needles arid Pina,
By "Walt Mason.
Wax says a law we ought to have
reouinng this, compcllintr that: he'
thinks a law's the only salve for everv
grief beneath his hat. If some old lean
rambunctios mule reached out and
kicked him on the jaw, he'd say the
People ought to rule, and that there
ought to be a law. His house is stand
ing by the creek, and every spring the
lloods come down, and drive him from
it pretty quick, and strew his garden
through the town. He never thinks to
move his shack away from that wild
rivers maw; he views the wreck and
cries alack, and says there ought to
be a law. He takes things easy day
ay dav, when prudent men around him
toil, a-herding geese or cutting hay or
playing thunder with the soil; he hates
to see those toilers cat their turkeys
while he feeds on slaw; he loafs along
the busy street and says there ought
to be a law. When wintry tempests
boom and howl, his wiser neighbors sit
Horatio Lyon, has returned from
A boy was born to Mr. and Mrs. J. A.
Happer yesterday morning.
A choru3 was organized by Mrs.
Baker for the study of songs with a
view of giving entertainments.
The men's meeting-at the T. M. C A.
this afternoon was in charge of presi
dent Morris. Evangelist Keene talked.
The "Music Study Club" wiU meet
tomorrow afternoon at the residence of
Mrs. Joseph Goodman, on Magoffin
Mrs. H. A. Morehouse arrived vester-
day afternoon from Denver, and will 1
apenu some time visiting .airs. j. u.
A. J. Perrett, who has charge of a
section of the E. P. & N. E. track 35
miles from here, went out on that
line this morning.
Alderman Clifford complained to the
police yesterday afternoon that four
sacks of sugar had been stolen from
the sidewalk beside Clifford Bros,
B. N. Walker, manager of Good &
Co's. business, came down from Alamo,
gordo last night to welcome Mrs.
Walker, who will arrive tomorrow over
the T. P.
Senor Menez, a cigar maker at Kohl
berg's, has just received word that his
wife gave birth to a daughter weighing
seven pounds and eleven ounces last
The G. H. & S. A. train arriving here
this afternoon brought to El Paso Maj.
Gen. w. K. Shatter and his military
staff. Gen. Shatter is on his way from
New York to San Francisco to resuftie
his command of the department of
California, which he held prior to the
war with Spain.
The two local lodges of Odd Fellows,
El Paso and Border lodges, met last
night at the Odd Fellows' hall and
entertained sovereign secretary Grant
who Is visiting in the city. District
deputy grand master H. L. Capell
called the meeting to order and made
a short speech of welcome. The fo!
lowing took part in the program:
Henry L. Capell, J6hn Julian, Thos.
S. Kerr, Chas. Rokahr, J. S. Campbell,
W. E. Sharp. Dr. Biggs. C 'D. Mc
Clintock, and Randolph S. Terry.
at ease, and eat their pies and roasted
fowl, and shredded eggs and scrambled
cheese; they rest at night in feather
beds, while Wax lies on his moldy
straw, and there the futile tear he sheds,
and says there ought to be a law. Oh,
brethren, we have laws enough, and we
have ord'nancea to burn! Get out and
hustle that's the stuff, and put in
brine the scads you earn!
Copyright, 1912, by George Matthew
FRANCE NOW HAS SEVEN
CANDIDATES FOR PRESIDENT
Paris. France, Jan. 15. Paul Descha
nel. who was reelected president of the
chamber of deputies, declared himself
as a candidate for the presidency of
the republic. The other candidates who
have been announced formally are pre
mier Raymond Poineare and expremler
Felix Rlbot. while Jules Pams. minis
ter of agriculture; Antonin Dubost.
who was reelected president of the senate-
Jean Dupuy, minister of public
w..rks. and Theophile Deleasse. minls
tt r of marine, unofficially are in the
vhy not exchange it?" demanded
Mrs. Stevens. "I'm sure she got it at
Kahn & Robins's that's where she al
ways trades. Take it back there and
exchange it for something decent.
"Oh. could I do that?"
"Why of course you can. That's
what everybody's doing this week re
turning the Christmas presents they
don't want Wrap it up now and -we'll
take it right down in the car."
Mrs. Stevens had an irresistible way
of sweeping aside all objections, and
it ended by the lamp being put in the
bottom of the car. and th ffhaiiffwir
' ordered to drive first to Kahn & Rob-
When they entered the lamp depart
ment, they -were confronted with a
large table filled with lamps, most of
them placarded with plainly marked
"Look!" Mrs. Stevens pointed to one
in the center. "There's one right now
exactly like yours. What's it marked
$7.9S? And I suppose she wanted you
to think she paid twice that!"
Fifteen minutes later they left the
department with a credit slip for $7.S
"Oh. I can't help but feel guilty
about." persisted Helen. "It seems
almost like getting the money back.'
"Nonsense. You don't know how
many of the presents you gave are
Helen finally decided on .in m-
broidered" tea cloth, the price of which
was $19.75. so besides her credit checic
she had to pay $2.77 additional.
"Oh, Til never be. able to say that
Pussy Purrmew broke it. That story
seems so far fetched now."
"Let me write It for you. I'd love
to!" laughingly. "I'll thank her for
the lamp in one paragraph and tell her
Pussw Purrmew broke it in the next"
And when a little later, they stopped
again in front of Helen's imrimunt
Mrs. Stevens came in with her and
hurriedly wrote off the note.
"Listen, isn't this a) masterpiece?"
reading it aloud.
'Dear Mrs. Osborne I wish to
thank you for your charming giit
It was very thoughtful and kind of
you. and we both appreciate it
"But I hardly know how to tell
you about the very unfortunate
thing that happened to it the day
after Christmas. We had the lamp
On the table and Pussv Pnrrm.x.
in some way got tangled In the cord
and dragged It off. Of course, the
shade was broken, but we are hoping
we may be able to have it fixed. Per
haps I should not have told you this
but I feared you might miss the lamp
when y-ou called and think, we did
not appreciate it."
"Doesn't that sound convincing?-
demanded Mrs. Stevens triumphantly.
Helen admitted that it did, and Mrs
Stevens left it for' her to copy and
Mrj. Osborne Reply.
It was about a week later when
Helen stooped to pick up some mail
shoved under the hall door, that she
found a letter addressed In Mrs. Os
borne's handwriting. Helen opened
opened the letter with tremulous
"My Dear Mrs. Curtis:
"I was down at Kahn & Robins's"
this morning and the clerk in the lamp
department happened to mention that
the lamp I had bought there before
Christmas had Jieen returned. To be
quite sure. I had the head of the de
partment iook Jt up, and found this
was correct and that the credit slip
had been issued in yoar name.
"I belI6ve you wrote me that your
cat had knocked it off the table and
broken it I am glad you were able
to have it repaired sufficiently well
to exchange it. and I hope you will
be better pleased with the towels or
sheets, or whatever it was you took
in exchange, than you evidently were
with the present I had selected.
"Very truly yours,
"Agnes E;- Osborne."
RECEIVING NBW MACHINERY.
Patagonia. Ariz., Jan. 15. The Trench
mine situated near here, is receiving
several new jiieoes of mining machinery.
Advice To the Lovelorn
' By Beatrice Fairfax.
OVERCOME HEE OBJECTIONS.
Dear Miss Fairfax:
.oi. 19 an? ta Iove ""th a girl of the
same age. who also loved me nnUl one
week ago. She wrote and toW me she
f01? P,. solas with young
men and that she had nothing agalnsl
me She said she had reasons of her
own for doing this. l. E. W
, i1-1 who loves a maa "Who honestly
and sincerely loves her is bound to
make him an exception in her resolu
H2 thavi nothing to do with the
men. Tou have nothing to worry
about If she loves you it will be easy
for you to overcome her objections to
No HAPPINESS HERE.
Dear Miss Fairfax:
I am IS and for the past two years
J. have been keeping company with a
young gentleman two years my senior,
borne time ago, at a dance which. I at
2 my fead not being there. I al
lowed another yonug man to accom
pany me home. My friend became an
gry when he heard of it and has not
called since. Now I love this young
man dearly and am in suspense, how
to again obtain my darling's friend-
i&. i , Anxious.
He is jealous to a selfish extreme
.Si.Tlr?uld. Inake - tyrannical husband.
Think it over candidly. If you make
the overtures to a reconciliation will
?e "o J?,e more overbearing than be
fore? Would you not have to make
the advances every time?
YOU ALONE MUST' DECIDE.
Dear Miss Fairfax:
I?m 2t7 and ta l0Te with a gentleman
of the same age. He wishes to marry
Sffe belB f different religion, I
do not know what to do. He is a Cath-
ICri.Ti -ant anonia 1 turn
fwith him or he turn with me?
ni. . . ML F. a
mat Is a question you, and you alone
must decide. However, as her church
means more to a woman than to a
jnan, it is the customary thing for
the man to yield. But as I said, that
is for you to decide.
ALL ON THE PARENTS.
Dear Miss Fairfax:
when a young man Is anxious to
mt a yuns lady and knows no way
i .Dolne introduced to her. and he
iiirts with her. she returning the flirta
tion, is it proper for the young man
to introduce himself in this manner of
acquaintance or not? How can I ar
range to meet her parents so as to let
tnem know the sort of a young man I
A young man loves a girl he has nev
er met and knows no way of meeting
her. A very commendable way of sur
mounting the barriers convention puts
t ?, 8 "w'ar "fould be to go boldly to the
stl.s Parents, taking his credentials
.. Sneh a way would certainly meet
their respect for It Is more honorable
than trying to make the girl's acquain
tance by street flirtations and meeting
THIS IS VERY EASY.
Dear Miss Fairfax:
I Am A vminc man 3A vaapa tf afre.
I have been acquainted with a young
Spanish girl three years my senior.
I have known her now about eight
raoiiths while she lived in the samo
town I live in. Occasionally we went
to the show. Three months ago she left
for her home. Since then we have been
corresponding with each other, but I
never have expressed my love to her,
but I love this girl very much. What
shall I do to find out whether she
loves me? Please advise met
"Write and ask her.
Work oa a cement plant at Phoenix
is being rushed. The factory will
coon commence turnlnar out 590 barr. 13
dain Phoenix Is a large user of cement-