Newspaper Page Text
EL PASO, TEXAS,
January 23, 1913 10 Pages
Fair Tonight and Friday; Colder
rcTHQKQ rnppr ninn rrmo ill 1 TT i P If
blUKRblUHbt , I-- . --1-h AN ft ft l
RESIN miU nLIILuniiiiun mis.
His Enemies Put Through a
Besolution to Elect a Sen
ator Next Tuesday.
COAL TRUST IS TO
ANTA FE, N. M-. Jan. 23. A. B.
Fall lost in the first test of
strength with his opponents, -when
esterday afternoon the house adopted
a, resolution in effect that he had not
been elected the second time.
The Fall forces supported the ma
joritj report, which held as valid sen
ator A. B. Fairs second election on
June 6, 19ir for the term beginning
March 4. The anti-Fall faction de
feated the majority report by a vote
of 32 to IS. after which the Burg reso
lution, which, in effect, declares Falls
s-oeond election invalid, was adopted
by a vote of 33 to 15. The legislature
will, therefore, begin balloting next
Tuesday for a senator, if the senate
concurs in the house resolution.
Party Line Division.
The legislative situation today
showed the first division on. party lines
since it convened two weeks ago- The
contest came up over the printing of a
bill introduced by state senator J. A.
Kvans, of Roosevelt county, "Progres
sive" Democrat. It provided for the
remoyal of public officers found guilty
of unfaithful work. H. B. Holt, Re
publican floor leader, moved to sus
pend the rules and refer the bill with
out printing it. The minority members
opposed and B. J. Panky, unfil today
a strong member of the Republican ma
jority, and W. M. McCoy, a "Progres
sive." left the majority and voted with
the minority. The motion by Mr. Holt
prevailed, 13 to 10, the smallest senate
majority since this legislature was
elected. It was considered significant
in view of the fact of the impending
United States senatorial contest.
The American Federation of Labor
has rented quarters in the city and
their representatives will remain dur
ing the session of the legislature and
attempt to secure the passage of sev
eral bills. The measures they favor are
an act legalising contracts between em
ployer and employe; an act relating to
the railroad detective department: full
crew bill; electric headlight bill; safety
appliance act; an employes' compensa
tion act. i
There are several persons here hav
ing a bill framed giving to the counties
of the state the right to vote as .much
as one mill for the purpose of con
ducting a county bureau of informa
tion. They cJaira thatwhlle the state
tonxitgration-bvisau 6iAM Hrtfiftf fc&va,-
that it can only advertise the state as
a whole, and where a county has a
certain attraction to which it desires to
call special attention that the funds
should be provided by the citizens of
Many New Measures.
Among the new measures offered
yesterday was one by Cordova amend
ing the law on county lines; by Gage,
amending law relating to jurisdiction
of justices of peace; by Hilton, amend
ing law relating to livestock. The
judiciary committee recommended the
passage of house bill 29. House bill 13,
providing for the rental of chambers
for district court where there are no
court houses was passed as amended.
The local option bill was made the
special order for nest Monday at 2
oclock. The house resolution providing
for an interpreter for the house was
recommended to the -finance committee.
For the Coal Probe.
The speaker appointed the follow
ing committee to investigate coal con
ditions in New Mexico as provided for
in the Llewellyn resolution. Llewellyn,
Skidmore, Lopez, DeBaca' and Gage.
The resolution cites the fact that New
Mexico has more coal than any state
In the union: that the miners claim
that they are receiving less than $2 per
ton; that the retailers claim that their
profit is less than SI per ton, yet the
residents of the state have to pay as
much as $9 and $16 per ton for their
coal. It is also suggested by parties
who claim to know tht coal from the
New Mexico mines is sold outside the
state cheaper than at some points in
The house passed house bill No. 10
defining embezzlement by executors
and providing punishment. The vote
was 47 to 0 for the bill
Sympathy With Wyonilnsr.
Considerable amusement was cre
ated in the house by the introduction of
a resolution offering condolences to the
Wyoming legislature in the strenuous
fight now being waged in its ranks,
and appropriating 30 cents out of any
money not otherwise appropriated for
court plaster for the Wyoming legis
lators. After the members had had
their laugh, the resolution was tabled.
KIDNAPED IN PHOENIX
ROBBED OF 30 CENTS
Phoenix. Ariz., Jan. 23. To be kid
naped In the heart of Phoenix, taken in
an automobile to a house of ill-fame
and there robbed of 30 cents, was the
strange experience of John Miller, a
local citizen 40 years old.
Miller states .that about 12 oclock he
stopped on the street a moment to light
his pipe. Two men seized him by the
arms and thrust him into an automo
bile standing u the curb. They held
him tightly, telling him that they would
kill him if he screamed
A mile away, at the questionable re
sort. Miller was taken from the auto
and ordered to throw up his hands. He
had $1.30 in his pockets, and when he
put up his right hand the dollar went
down his sleeve. His asasilants took
the 30 cents and drove him into the
house, where he was compelled to play
the piano for half an hour. At the end
of that time they let him go. He im
mediately went to the police station,
wnere he told his story to the officers.
NEWSIX-STOR Y ARCADE
A six story reinforced concrete building is to be erected by Mrs. Mary C.
Hills on her property at the junction of San Antonio and Texas streets.
Mrs. Hills, who has been here for some time, the guest of Mrs. Otis'C. Coles,
was recently joined by her daughter and soninlaw, Mr. and Mrs. Dudley "Waters,
of Michigan, and she and Mr. Waters have been going into the details of the new
building and have decided upon its erection.
The building will extend from the corner down both streets to the Hammer
property, and will be of the arcade type. The tenants have oeen or will be served
with vacation notices at once and work will start n the new building as soon as
the present occupants vacate and the old buildings can be torn away.
The three story brick building at the junction of Texas and San Antonio
streets is one of the oldest now standing in the city and was erected in 1835; it
was the first three story business building in the cty.
El Pasoan Urging New Law
For Texas Inaugural
Balls in Future Banned.
A STRICT LIQUOR
TJSTIN, TEX-. Jan. 23. Senator
A Hudspeth, of El Paso, today in- I
troduced in the senate his min
ing bill, which is designed to greatly
liberalize the present mining laws of
the state. The bill provides -that pros
pectors may prospect on mineral lands
for one year, and If they find minerals
in paying quantities may th"en pur
chase the land. The bill ly for the
benefit of mining men in the western
section of the state. r
So More Inaugural Balls.
A resolution was adopted in the
house yesterday afternoon placing the
ban on inaugural balls in the future.
This means that as far as the lower
branch of the legislature is concerned,
there will be no more inaugural balls
held in the hall of the house of rep
resentatives. Many of the members
who were at the ball Wednesday night,
today expressed themselves as being
In favor of discontinuing the state
function, as some of them were some
what surprised to see "the grizzly
bear, "turkey trot"- and other modern
dances in progress during the evening.
Stringent Liquor Mens arc.
The house committee on liquor traf
fic today reported favorably a bill by
Watson, of Mills, which requires pur
chasers of liquor in prohibition dis
tricts to obtain from the person from
whom the liquor is bought a bill of
sale. The failure of the purchaser of
the liquor to have a bill of sale when
liquor is found in his possession- con
stitutes a violation of the law and Is
punishable by a fine -from 310 to $200.
The Liquor Question.
There was a lively tilt in the senate
today over the adoption of the house
concurrent resolution endorsing the
Shfeppard'-Kenyon bill, pending in con
gress, prohibiting the shipment of in
toxicating liquor in prohibition (dis
tricts. Senator Watson offered an
amendment that the senate go on rec
ord as also prohibiting scuh shipments
within the state. This was opposed by
the pros, and after discussing the reso
lution for some time, it went over with
out action, with a substitute by senator
Vaughan that Texas will pledge Itself
to go- as far as it can in the enactment
of laws against interstate shipments.
To Protect Poor Politicians.
Among the bills introduced In the
senate today was one by senator Mur
ray to prohibit the making or printing
of false statements about any" candlr
date for office. The bill provides that
njLLC. Lar uluul 4.nc is,,, uiuiauto w. i
SyW tonnd gun of- wa:aF
e to ho nunished bv a fine of from $50
to $500 and a Jail sentence of 10 to 30
days. This bill is in accordance with a
recommendation by tne governor.
Konsitnr Askln introduced a bill ask-1
ing an appropriation of $2500. for an .
exhibit of the resources of Texas at the
coming Panama exposition.
To Investigate Attorney General,
The senate yesterday afternoon, after
a brief discussion, adopted by a vote of
21 to 2 the -resolution offered Monday
by senator McGregor, or Travis county,
providing for an investigation of the
attorney general's department covering
a period of three years. Lieut-Gov.
Mayes appointed the following commit
tee to conduct the probe: McGregor,
Gibson, Hudspeth, Morrow and Nugent.
Senator McGregor, chairman of the
committee, said the committee would
commence shortly in taking testimony.
May Probe Penitentiaries.
Senator Lattimore. of Tarrant coun
ty, would have the state penitentiary
investigated, according to a resolution
he offered in the senate Wednesday af
ternoon providing that the penal sys
tem be probed and especially the finan
cial end, for the purpose of ascertain
ing how the system has become in debt
to the extent of over a million dollars.
The resolution will come up Friday for
For Early Saloon Closlnc
The house committee on liquor and
liquor traffic this afternoon reported
favorably the house bill providing for
the closing of saloons at 9:36 oclock
at night. H seems this measure will
be rushed through.
For Party Platform.
Resolutions by Morris, of Victoria
county, to the effect that platform de
mands are not binding and that the
San . Antonio convention represented
predatory interests, and not the inter
ests of the people, was promptly ta
bled. The senate judiciary committee has
reported favorably an "anti-loan shark
measure." while the committee on edu
cation reported favorably the propo
sition to allow west Texas another nor
mal. Inasmuch as Waco Is in the fight
for the normal, an effort wilt probably
be -made to provide for it in this bill
when it comes before the house.
A compulsory education biil has been
practically agreed on.
Chairman Spradley. of the house
committee on insurance issued a call
to- all interested to write him with
regard to the repeal of the state -insurance
board, saying the people
seem somewhat in doubt as to whether
or not they want this law repealed.
The fee bill hearing, abolishing all
fees and placing every officer on a
salary, will be held today.
Senate committee on privileges and
elections reported against seating J. T.
Adams in the place of V. a. Colylns,
a holdover senator.
LITTLE PROGRESS IS MADE ,
IX DISSOLVING MERGER!
New lorK. Jan. 23. bome progress"
tcward settling the differences between,
the Union Pacific and Southern Pacific
interests respecting the Central Pacific
railroad, was made at a conference here
today between representatives of the
interests involved. Robert S. Lovett.
chairman of the Union Pacific board
of- directors, made this statement after
the meeting, but added that there was
no assurance that a final satisfactory
agreement would be reached.
FOR EL PASO
Thus Says Member of Mor
gan & Co, Before Money
MAY BE REDUCED
r-CT-y4SHINGTON. D. C Jan. 23;
k Henry P. Davison, a member
of J. P. Morgan & Co. since
January 1, 1909, testified before the
house money trust .committee today that
he negotiated the purchase of the stock
in the 'Guaranty Trust company for the
organizers of the voting trust, for the
trust company. Geo. F. Baker, he said,
had nothing to do with the negotia
tions. Purchases of 6000 shares from
Mrs. E H. Harriman and 6000 from the
Mutual Life Insurance company, ' Mr.
Davison said, gave the organizers con
trol of 12,000 out of the 20,000. shares
of the company.
. Mr. Davison said that the Guaranty
T-rust company was acquired by him
self and his associates with the idea
that it would be merged into the Bank
ers' Trust company.
"On this question of voting trusts."
said Mr. Davison, "I am perfectly will
ing to recommend that these voting
trusts be dissolved. The voting trusts,
as such, have had no more to do with
the real management of the business
than the Pujo committee."
Mr. Untermyer and the witness in
dulged in an argument over the use
fulness of voting trust arrangements
for the control of financial institutions.
"Well," said Mr. Untermyer, "we will
be satisfied with your statement that
you will use your influence to dissolve
these yoting trusts."
"But I didn't say that," oDiectetl Mr.
Davison. "I say that I now see no use
ful purpose to be served by these vot
say xnat, ooieciwi Jir. i
I say that I now see no use.-
ing trusts ana on mature oonsmerauun
I would probably recommend, so far as
my vote is concerned, that they be dis
solved." Mr. Untermyer brought out that the
votes of two of the three trustees of
the ''Bankers and Guaranty companies
could dissolve the trusts and that Mr.
Davison was a trustee of each company.
Mnst Get Rockefeller's Story.
An attempt to alter the money trust
committee's decision to insist upon an
examination of William Rockefeller
despite his physical condition, was de
feated in a rather stormy executive
session of the committee. Against the
wishes of chairman Pujo, the commit
tee reiterated its decision directing
him and counsel Samuel Untermyer to
make arrangements for Mr. Rocke
Steamsnlp Line .Have Combine. .
P. A. S. Franklin, vice president of
the International- Mercantile.. Marine,
told the house shin Dint: trust
-- . - r - . - -. .-..
from American ports, from Portlami-to
Galveston operated under the west
bound North Atlantic conference, which
agreed upon minimum rates and con-
ditions of service. His corporation.
Mr. Franklin testified, controled more
than 1,000,000 tons of ocean ships and
operated ships in trade under foreign
flags all over tne world.
Mann Conducts Filibnster.
Minority leader Mann conducted a
filibuster today because the Democrats
last night prevented action on the Lin
coln memorial project. He tied up the
work of the house for hours.
"Giving the Democrats a taste of
their own medicine," was his explana
tion. May Reduce Cotton Turin.
The tariff rates on cotton manufac
tures may be cut to a minimum of 5
percent ad valorem on some products
by Democratic tariff revision program.
The American Association of Cotton
Manufacturers, dominated by the south
ern mill owners, went on record for a
compromise reduction. L. W. Parker of
South Carolina, proposing rates that
fixed the minimum ad valorem duty at
10 percent Some of the members of
the committee, however, are insistent
upon a duty as low as 5 percent on the
more common cotton such as calico
sheeting and nlain weaves.
Charles M. Howard, f North Adams,
wanted the print cloth rates main
tained. Chairman Underwood reiterated that
the committee was proceeding with the
primary purpose of raising revenue,
that protection was only incidental and
that the committee could not allow any
rate so high as to prohibit importa
tion. Oppose New Monetary Plan.
Opposition to the national monetary
commission's banking and currency
rlan was expressed at the house cur
rency committee reform by Andrew J.
Frame, president of the Waukesha,
Wis.. National bank, who submitted a
brief signed by 12 bankers of widely
separated sections of the country.
The commission's plan, the brief said,
"spells monopoly, inflation and over
expansion of credit," and instead of
preventing would breed panics. As a
substitute the brief proposed a central
bank with limited powers, or enlarge
ment of the Aldrlch free, land act by
extending the right to issue uniform
elastic currency not" only to national
but to. state and savings banks and
trust ' companies doing commercial
Gold, as a standard for reserves and
payments was declared to be abso-
Among the signatures to the brier
(Contnrned on next page.)
$1 For A Shine, $2.50 For Sof t-Boiled Eggs,
$1 For A Cigar and $48 For A Week's Washing
"Bob" Rinehart Has Financial Experience in Guatemala That Sounds Funny; Sees Great Work on Panama Canal
and Is Appalled at Its Immensity.
r COST R. H. Rinehart and his wife
$311,60 to stay fotfr days at the
Port Barrfos Tiotel. in Guatemala.
"Bob" didn't liRe the .breakfasts they
served and ordered eggs extra each
morning. This cost him $2.50 an oraer
more. AVhen he smoked cigars, he got
five for $5. and it cost $1 every time
he had his shoes shined. From the
boat to the hotel the carriage fare was
515 and an auto two hours to see tne
sights of the town was ?M0. Flct
pcsui cards were a dollar apiece. The
laundry bill for the week was $48. ana
the railroad fare from Port Barrios to
Guatemala City, a distance of 200 miles,
was $147 for the two. and $76 extra for
parlor car seats. Returning, there was
no parlor car on the train, so they
saved $76. Then Mrs. Rinehart bought
an orange and gave the peddler a real
merican dime and got DacK.
Guatemalan money as change. So that s
the sort of money they were spending.
When thev landed at Port Barrios,
Rinehart changed $50 American money
Into the "rag" money of Guatemala
and he got so much he had to hire a
porter to carrv it. and :rave him $20
lor the job which m.ant tliat the por
ter got almost a dollar in real monev.
for the Guatemalan money Is given in
New Ministers Declare They
- Will Save National Honor
or Perish in Attempt.
WILL NEVER GIVE UP
CITY OF ADRIANOPLE
jf DNSTANTINOPLE. Turkey, "Jan.
23. The Turkish cabinet resigned
today in consequence of public
demonstrations and prote3t3 against Its
action in acceding to the wishes of the
Mahmoud Slieket Pasha, formerly war
minister, has been appointed grand
vizier in place of Klamil Pasha.
Talaat Bey has been appointed minis
ter of the interior, a position he held
in a previous cabinet. In a statement
after his appointment. he said:
Tne change in tne cabinet means
that we are going to have the national '
honor or perish in the attempt
"We do not want a continuation of
the war, but we are determined to Keep
Adrianople at all costs. That is an in
dispensable condition of peace."
GREEKS AND TURKS .
TO CEASE FIGHTING
Turkish Troops Will Withdraw With
Honors From Garrisons Montene
grins Insist In Gettlns Scutari.
London, England, Jan. 23. The Im
mediate consequences of the decision of
the Turkish grand council to conclude
peace with the Balkan allies will be
the cessation of hostilities between
Greece and Turkey and the surrender cf
the Turkish fortress at Adrlanople,
T - . . - c,..i it ,u ,,.., tv.
Tllpfcl-I. ..rri,nll!, will'' withdraw with
the honors of war.
Difficulties may arise concerning the
fate of Scutari, as no one knows to
whom it is to be surrendered, whither
to the Montenegrins, to the provisional
Albanian government, or to the repre
sentatives of the powers.
King Nicholas, of Montenegro, Insists
he must enter Scutari at the head of his
troops, otherwise, he says, the reign of
his family in Montenegro is doomed, as
he refused to try to take Scutari ny
storm at the beginning of the war to
avoid the certain heavy losses which
his small army would have suffered.
William B. Corey Admits
Agreement, While Testify
ing in Government Suit.
BUSINESS DIVIDED IN
EW YORK, N. T., Jan. 23. The
United States Steel corporation
anrl thn TlnthUham Ct&&l tym
pany porticipated for four yearstn an
international pool in armor plate which
divided up the business of "neutral
markets." William E. Corey, former
president of the steel corporation, tes
tified so today at the hearings In the
government suit to dissolve the cor
poration under the Sherman anti-trust
law. It was the first direct testimony
which the government has been able to
obtain as to the existence of a pool.
Memory Is Refreshed.
Mr. Corey, who resigned as presi
dent of the steel, corporation In 1910,
was unable to recall today that the
armor plate pool haa existed until his
memory had been refreshed by the
reading of minutes of the Carnegie
Steel company quoting him as advising
against joining with the "armor com
bination" in the erection of an armor
plate plant In Japan. This was In 1902
shortly after the organization of the
The witness then tesUfled that a
combination of armor plate manufac
turers in England. France and Ger
many and the United States had ex
isted a late as "1904 or 1905."
The Carnegie Steel company and the
Bethlehem company were ' the Ameri
can members of the combination.
"What was the agreement of those
In the pool?" asked judge Jacob M.
Dickinson, attorney for the govern
ment. "I was not familiar with the details,"
(Continued on next page.) :
exchange for American money at the
rate of 19 for 1.
m.i Mnny KInda of Money.
This was only one of the different
kinds of money Mr. and Mrs. Rinehart
found on their trip to Central America,
in Panama, they found "Splkity"
money which is also very cheap, and
in Costa Rica they found "Monkey
money, almost as cheap as the Guate
malan "rag" money. These are the
names the Americans down them e-i
JjJe "lJTe moneys. It is all made In
ic uiinni oiates, tne paper money
being printed by the American Bank
Splkity money got its name in a pe
culiar way. When the Americans first
went to Panama, every native they met
always informed them that he could
"splkity English." (speakie de Eng
lish) so the Americans applied tho
name of "Spikitles" to the natives, and
everything that was native, including
money, beenme "snlkliv "
mey Decame spiKitj
The Great Cnnnl.
Money matters formed much of in
terest for the El Paso tourists and the
pet monkey they brought back smug
gled it on Pullman cars and boats and
fooled the porters and conductors for
it is lurt big enough to rest well in
"Bob's ' toat pocket 1b a source of
' tfTt flBfc ff B Jt& Jm W
S-.'SiAilS .;'. .TBPVaZ B .! AfWtt I Hfc liHB I
.V-JV-.B-B i. B1W B . i Kr 9 Tn. - J"
0HU III II1L nllU 111 LL l ui -ui u"
Are Said to Be Flocking
Into Mexico Near El Paso
From United States.
INTO JUAREZ DALLY
RBBBLS are being called back from
their labors on the railroads of
the southwest to rejoin the
rebel army under Orozeo, according to
the members of the rebel junta in jsi
Paso. These rebels are coming Into Bl
p oronr train, thev sav. and are
I iniin in hittuhes above and below
jsi .faso. A ouncn o. iuou aumuciiut.
v4 - . -v n a i n r I
, from 200 to 258 is reported to nave
crossea dciow xaieia. 4luoj tite
and assembled in Guadalupe. They
were unarmed when they crossed, it Is
said, and are to be equipped with the
250 rifles which Alanis cached near
Guadalupe when his force disbanded.
After the battle of Eachlmba and the
occupation of Juarez- by the rebels un
der Salazar last summer, orders are
said to have been given for the great
er number of the men to find employ
ment in the United States as railroad
laborers until ordered to return to the
field. This order is said to have been
issued last week and the rebels are re
turning in crowds. Many are now in
H paso, the rebels say, and are being
fed and cared for until they can cross.
As they are not crossing under arms
and are not in organised bunches, the
leaders think they will evade the
Uplted States neutrality laws.
The Bl Paso junta is having Infor
mal meetings each night in groups of
five, each group reporting to the others
what has taken place. This was the
method adopted in the Reylsta organi
zation and also in the Gomez attempt.
David De La Fuente, the artillery
commander of the rebels during the
Orozeo revolution, who crossed the Rio
Grande six days ago, is reported to be
south of Palomas with a command of
from 300 to 500 men, including a .num
ber of TaquI Indiana De La Fuente is
said to be supplied with plenty of
funds and has all the ammunition be
needs for a prolonged engagement In
the field. This report was brought to
Bl Paso by a traveling man who makes
the state of Sonora for a Mexican com
wouiMea continue to-oe nrpugnt- into
kf.k.lH.'.B .t.lVM .. JV
UIUC &tt9 t.L
and other points south. Forty wounded
federals are said to have been brought
to Juarez Monday and SO again Tues
day night: Many of these wounded
men are said to be literally shot to
pieces by the rebel fire.
TO RESUME YAQUI WAR
Douglas, Ariz., Jan. 23. Gov. Jose
Maria Maytorena is expected today at
Guaymas from Mexico City by way of
Manzanillo, according to a message re
ceived here. He has been petitioning
the federal government for additional
troops in Sonora. Locally, It is stated,
he has been told that troops will come
when they can be spared. None are
available at present. Col. Obregon, who
was dispatched from Hermoalllo several
days since for Agua Prieta with 100
man, has been ordered back to Hermo
sillo to await the arrival of the gov
ernor. It is believed Gov. Maytorena plans
to resume the war on the Yaquis with
- Although it was reported several
days ago that Fredico Cordova and his
band of TO surrendered near Nacori
Chico, this is now denied. It is said
Cordova modestly requested his own
appointment as governor of Sonora,
and that the sum of 30,000 pesos be
divided among his men, with a guaran
tee of amnesty for all past offences
against the government. The terms
were considered ridiculous and were
refused. Cordova received a counter
proposition, it is said, of a small sum
of money and amnesty. He refused to
consider it and returned to the moun
tains near Nacori Chlco to await the
arrival of rebels from Chihuahua, de
claring a large force is sure to come
as soon as warm weather opens.
RBBBLS ARE BURNING 3IORK
UK I DC. US OX MEXICAN ROADS.
San' Luis Potosl. Mex., Jan. 33. A
force of rebels burned a number of
bridges on the National Railways last
'night near Santa Elena, south of Sal
ttllo. The train runnins from Laredo
to Mexico was held at Saltillo and a
special train started from here for
A body of federal troops is proceed
ing north on board a construction
The bridge on the National railways
south of Saltillo has been repaired and
traffic was resumed today.
endless delight both to themselves and
their friends, but they were most im
pressed, of course, by the Panama
"The things that impressed me most.'
said Mr. Rinehart, "is the magnitude of
the great undertaking, the wonderful
brains that conceived and planned It
all; next Is the wonderful progress they
have made and the third thing that
strikes me verv forcibly is the tre
mendous destruction that is to follow
tne opening of the canal. Towns and
cities that have been -built to accom
modate the workingmen and officers,
railroad built to haul the dirt, build
ings erected for administration offices:
all these will be wrecked or covered
by the water. A fortune will be de
troyed. bc-.mse it will bo no longer of
Canal 93 Percent Complete.
"The vi ork on the canal Is now 95
peient compute and ships will be
parsing ihiuucrl the canal net Septem
h, r l)nl a link work remains to be
finished in Culebra cut; only 5.000.000
cubic yards of dirt to remove; last year
thev removed 16,000.000 cubic jards.
The locks and the other works are all
n. aring completion There an n w
(Cont'nued on next page.)
Federal General Is Brought
to Guadalupe by the Reb
els and Released.
IS ON PAROLE AND
WILL NOT FIGHT
GEN. Jose de la Luz Blanco was
not executed by the rebels;
neither Is he at the head of his
army over In Sonora killing rebels.
He is In Bl Paso. He has been a rebel
prisoner, bat Is now at liberty.
Gen. Blanco arrived in HI Paso from
Guadalupe Wednesday evening, spent
the night in a North. Oregon street
rooming house and had a pompadaor
haircut, a beard trim and a bath at
a barber shop on San Francisco street
Officially he is dead, for has not
minister Hernandez confirmed his cap
ture and death at the hands of the
bandit-rebels? Unofficially Gen. Jose,
etc, is very much alive in his leather
automobile cap, khaki uniform and
In Kl Paso Last Algnt,
The federal general was brought to
Guadalupe, 40 miles below Juarez,
Wednesday by Gen. Salazar, who is
now encamped in the Mexican town
with 400 rebel troops, Blanco says. At
5 odoek Gen. Blanco, with his aide,
crossed at the ford and last night
he came to Bl Paso, boarding the train
at Tornlllo. He was in conference -with,
the Mexican eonsul for more than an
hour Thursday morning. Neither the
general nor the consul will divluge
what took place there, but It Is re
ported that one of the conditions of
hkr release was that Gen. Blanco
was to bring a peace proposal from
Salazar to the consul for transmis
sion to Mexico City, tho attack on
Juarez to be the alternative -to ac
ceptance of the terms, It Is said. Gen.
Blanco admitted ftat Salazar ad
come to Guadalupe on important busi
ness, but declined to say the nature of
Knows Nothing of Oroxco.
Gen. ' Bhmco said that ho had seen
nor heard nothing of Pascual Orozeo
sM -Jie had faeefi made, a jrtsoner
o:JhBbite under gafajaWfaJgaBagy.
zar had any ffitewon" TSTtalrtng Juarez f
at this time but would witnaraw xu
the country between the Mexican
Central and North Western line, where
the remainder of his 1008 rebels ire
now encamped. The rebels have
plenty of ammunition and food. Gen.
Blanco said, and Salazar is enforcing
a strict discipline among the rebels,
whipping and executing those who loot
Rojas and Gomez Alive.
Neither Antonio Rojas nor Roque
Gomez have been killed, he said, as
he talked with both at Guadalupe Wed
nesday afternoon when he thanked
them for his kindly treatment and
told them goodbye. Maximo Castillo,
Madero's bodyguard during the Mad
e'rista revolution. Is also with Salazar
and was especially kind to him, he
Blanco on Parole. I
.Blanco was reieaseu uu uuuuiuvu
that he ootne to the American side and
take no ' further part in the present
revolution. He gave Salazar his word
that he would do this and said Thurs
day morning that he intended to keep It
and would remain in El Paso for the
present. He was accompanied by Man
uel David de la Cammorrea, his aide,
who was also captured at San Miguel,
near Madera, on Jan. 7. Gen. Blanco de--scribes
the battle of San Miguel viv
idly and tells an interesting story of!
his capture and subsequent experience.
His force of regular and Irregular sol
diers was at San Miguel ranch house,
northeast of Madera. He had a total of
540 troops, but of this number 100 men
were guarding. San Jose and 148 pro
tecting the ranch buildings, leaving
but SOt) under his direct command when
the rebels attacked, five miles from the
His federals were winning when he
undertook to flank the enemy on the
left. At this time he discovered ,that
the enemy was stronger than he antici
pated and he and his aid discovered
themselves surrounded and cut off with
many rifles leveled at them, and
Piaaco's horse shot from under him.
His soldiers, realizing that he had been
captured, cried "our general," and
charged, but the rebels succeeded in
escaping with the two prisoners. An
tonio Roas and Roque Gomez were in
command of these rebels.
The federals then resumed the fight
and succeeded in defeating the rebels,
but not in liberating Gen. Blanco. The
next three days were his worst. Gen.
Blanco says. He was ordered to walk
through the snow barefooted during
these three days, but friends among the
rebels interceded and he was given a
horse to ride to the camp where Sala
Treated Well by " Salazar.
He was well treated by Salazar and
allowed to eat at the same table with
him at the camp. He was captured
v.!thln half an hour after the fight i
started and already there bad been 1
many Klliea on snjwi aiuco, uc sajra. iic :
had no artillery with him, but the reb- i
els capturea a qnuiuir i aiumuumun
IrOm niS men. owuar um uui icii jiiui
of his plans and he did not ask him.
the general said, although he did hear
Salazar deliver a speech condemning
to death aay rebel caught looting.
Blanco denies that he was forced to
pay a ransom for his release. He said
that some money &b ta&en from
him by bandits within the rebel ranks,
but this was not by order of any leader.
(Continued on next page.)
FRA UD IS DISCO VERED
IN SALE OF STAMPS
Washington, D. O, Jan. 23. Enormous frauds against the government through
the illegal trafficking in stolen pstag staspg have been ifeeovered hy postoffite
Reports received today by postmaster general Hitchcock show that the frauds
have been conducted on so tremendous a scale that they involve at least $2 000 000
annually. ' '
Indictments already have been returned against stamp brokers in New York
Chicago and other large cities. Confessions received by the inspectors from soiup
of the men they have investigated are said to indicate that the nunification of
the frauds extend throughout the country. rammcations of
Storekeepers Are . Getting
Frightened A Command
Goes to Meet Bebels.
RABAGO COMING TO
THE TOWN'S RESCUE
Small Garrison in the City,
but It Has Rapid Fire
Guns and Cannon.
JUAREZ fears capture agate. Can
non have been placed la a eom
mandlng'positlon and the merchant
are discussing closing their shops. The
rebels hold Palomas, near Columbus.
N. M and Gjiadalupe, near Tornlllo,
Texas, as stated in The Herald yester
day. Salazar is in command at Guada
lupe and threatens to attack Juarez if
the eentral government does not ar
range peace terms at once.
A' detachment of 135' federals left
Juarez Thursday morning for the di
rection of Guadalupe, being followed
later by 168 men, In the same di-
Axtniery on HRla.
Two pieces of heavy artUery com
mand Juarez from a hill to the south
west of town. They were produced late
Thursday morning and dragged to the
hill, where their long barrels wera
pointed, at the outskirts of the town to
In addition to this. Juarez has two
machine guns, which win be used as
movable pieces In event of an attack.
The appearance of the big guns over
looking the town caused some excite
ment among the Inhabitants, but up to
noon no families came over the river.
The merchants, however, began the
usual talk of "closing shop," but busi
ness remains at pax.
Rebels and Federals Coming.
With rebel forces practically sur
rounding Juarez and holding border
towns to the east aad west, it is an
nounced, today that strqag federal re
Inforeemofrts are hastening to the -?-lip
of the border town. Gen. Antonio
Rabaso, commander of the northern
military zone, is sid to b marchir'
north with WOO cavalry, while a b,..
talion of 500 infantry is proceeding t
hind work trains on the Mexican C- -tral
railway, cut by rebels 30 miles tK -low
A group of 466 rebels appeared ear'v
today 38 miles below Juarez on t
Mexico North Western railway. al j
destroyed. This is in addition to t "
main group moving north along t ie
Central line. Cooperation of the tw)
bodies is expected to develop by to
morrow In some movement. Juarez
is defended by some 308 men of th
13th Infantry. 159 local rurales, 55 men
of the 44th infantry, and meager ar
tillery defence. The defence is the
weakest it has ever been under the
federals. The rebels are said to number
more than 1000. Inez Salazar appears
to be in command, the location of Pas
cual Orozeo remaining in doubt.
Rabago to Stay Here.
It Is said that Gen. Rabago upon!
arrival at Juarez will make his head
quarters at the border town. Rabago.
of experience in northern Chihuahua,
during the Madero revolution. Is said
to favor Juarez over Chihuahua city
as a center of operation. Rabago has
remained at Chihuahua since his ap
pointment recently as commander-in-
chief of the northern military zone. It
will be the second dash made hy the
cavalry commander to the relief of
Juarez. Rabago, in the Madero revolu
tion, then a federal cavalry colonei.
broke through Orozco's lines at Bauch
and saved Juarez from falling into
Capture of Porta Verified.
The taking of the port of Palomas,
below Columbus; N. M., and Guadalupe.
a border town opposite Fabens. Texas,
where Madero started his campaign
two years ago. Is verified by various
sources. Ranchmen arriving in Juarez
from the district around Guadalupe
say that the rebel forces are pouring
in "from the south, already numbering;
from 400 to 588 men. Refugio Soto.
a prominent merchant and property
owner of Juarez, with his son Moists.
was at Guadalupe at the time of fie
rebel occupation and Is reported held
for ransom by the .rebels. The Sotos
are owners of a meaf market in Juarez
and were buying cattle when captured.
Salaiar'x Secretary Here. .
Vlctorlano Quintero, secretary to
Gen. Tnez Salazar, was in El Fas
Thursday morning, calling on u3
American friends, whom he met dur
ing the Orozeo revolution. Quinter
crossed the river at the Guadalupo
ford. Quintero says that PteJazar has
1500 men scattered in a fan forma
tion around Juarez, cutting the tov n
off from the south, east and we.-t.
He says that Orozeo is not with Sala
zar, but that he is at Coyame with a
force of men.
MOXTERBY HAS NEW MAYOR.
Monterey. Mex., Jan. .3 Nicefero
Zarabrano has been Inaugurated n'svor
of this city for the year 1913. The op
posing party is atill contesting the va
lidity of his election.
GERMAN AVIVTOR IS KILLED.
Berlin. Germany, Jan. 23. Anoth, r
fatal accident occurred today during
the military maneuvers near Burs;
Lieut. Otto Schlegel was instrnt'v
killed by falling to earth from a con
siderable height when his biplane col
lapsed on a sharp curve Lieut. A. Vn-i
Scheele, his pilot, was ntally injui .L