Newspaper Page Text
EL PASO, TEXAS,
February 12, 1913 -16 Pages
TWO SHOTIOXS TODAY.
Fair Tonight or Thursday ;
II MEXICO CITY
0. S. READY
KT ER VE H E :
RSI STEP IS IKE
MADERO PREPARItte FfiR FLIGHT
TRANSPORTS ARE PUT IN READINESS
AND ARMY CORPS IS MOBILIZED
El Paso Will Be One of the Points of Concentration in
Event That Invasion of Mexico Is Undertaken Two
Admirals and Numerous Warships With Ample
Supply of Bluejackets 'for Landing Are
Dispatched to Mexican Coast.
Mexico City, Mexico, Feb. 12. President Madero may within a few hours re-'
move the national capital to some other point in Mexico.
He fears foreign inerventipn if he continues the fighting with the rebels in
the capital, and, having gained no advantage over them in all his"effof ts to dislodge
them, is planning to slip out of the city and leave it in their hands.
He made the statement this afternoon that he would not yield in any case,
but if Diaz persists in the bombardment, he will move the capital to San-Luis Potosi
or some other point.
Minister of fomento Manuel Bonilla, according to, an. American who traveled
with him from San Luis Potosi, has been attempting to arrange with the governor
of the state for the proclamation of the national capital there, but he found the gov
Washington, D. C, Feb. 12. TKe first brigade of the first army division.
numbering three thousand men, are resting on their arms ready to entrain at a
moment's notice for Newport News, to board transports for Mexico.
Twenty-five hundred marines from the Atlantic fleet and the Guantanamo
naval station prepared today to sail for Veracruz to go to the relief of the
foreign legations, should they become besieged, as they did at Pekin.
Four dreadnoughts of the battleship fleet are steaming at top speedy to
Tampico and Veracruz, and two other warships are rushing on the Pacific
ide to Mexican ports to afford refuges to Americans and other foreigners.
President Tart and the cabinet are firm in their determination not to land
an American soldier in Mexico unless the most dire necessity forces it.
These are the developments of the day in the attitude pf the United States
toward the newest revolution in Mexico.
READY FOR INTERVENTION.
The United States is fully prepared for intervention if necessary. Only
orders for mobilization of troops and warships are needed to send a majority
of the army into the Republic and a fleet of battleship to her ports.
If k appears that the Diaz revolt Mexico City is to spread and repe
tition of yesterday's and today's battles Mexico Cky are likely in other cities,
or if the Mexico Cky fighting forces American non-combatants into the zone, of
actual fighting or results in anarchy, the Unked States is ready for an armed f
REApY FOR THE WORD.
The amy is ready ia every branch. The moment the president says: "Inter
vene," the wheels will sieve like clock-work. Transports will immediately sail
for Galveston, Texas, And there pick up a portion of the army for transportation'
to Veracruz, Tampieo and Taxpam. This would he known as the "southern cam
paign." The object would he to cut off all communication with Mexico City, thus shut
ting off supplies of fo and munitions of war. Probably not sore than 6000
troops would he landed en the coast.
TO SBIZE MF.XffytH X0ADS.
These, assMelhy marines and biuejatfc&ffgqa the Battleships, "which would
be stationed m the harbors, according to the present plans of the general staff of
the army, would seize all railroads leading to the interior. Gradually the forces
would draw toward the objective center Mexico.City.
It is estimated by strategists at the army war college, that the movement
would require nearly two months. "With these precautions taken, Mexico City
would be at the mercy of the invading amy from the north.
EL PASO A HOBIlnZATION POINT.
From the east coast no attempt would be made to enter the city, but the
forces there would effectively block escape toward the Atlantic The main body
of the army would he mobilized at three points on the border El Paso, Eagle Pass,
and Negates. A few hours after the president's order to intervene, thousands of
troops with arms and food supplies for a two months' campaign would be en route
for the border. ,
Every fort in the country would send its quota. Fort Sam Houston, Texas,
would probably he the first to get its troops in motion. The main body would
move south through the heart of the Mexican mountains, over the Mexican Inter
national railroad. About 10,000 troops would then slowly proceed toward Mexico
City from Eagle Pass.
From El Paso a body nearly" aslarge would leave on the Mexican Central
railroad for Chihuahua, and then the troops now stationed there would get to
go is. Until that time, there will be no change in border troops. None now at EI
Paso would go in on the transports. From Negales about 5000 men would leave
All this has been carefully mapped out at the army war college. The navy
would have the west coast to look out for. Its duty would be to lanS small
forces to hold the seaports and prevent filibustering.
It is feared hyboth war and state departments that if the United States sends
an invading army across the Rio Grande, thousands of Mexicans will take to the
mountains and then will begin a campaign to wipe them out. It is estimated that
the entire campaign would require at least a year and it might require three or
ANOTHER CONFERENCE HELD.
Secretaries Knox and Stimson went in conference- further with president Taft
after luncheon today at the white house, after holding lengthy conferences last
night It was announced that secretary Stimson, who had plannod to accompany
the president to Philadelphia tonight, would remain in Washington, to be in dose
touch with the situation and keep the president informed.
Some changes in orders to commanders of battleships on their way to Mexico
were made today by secretary Meyer after a conference with his naval aides. Rear
admiral Fletcher, commanding the second division of, the Atlantic fleet, with his
flagship Vermont, was ordered from Guantanamo directly to Veracruz with the
battleship Nebraska. This supplants previous tentative orders to the Illinois, New
Jersey and Rhode Island, and puts two admirals with the naval force on the Gulf
PRISONERS RELEASED FROM BELEM,
JOIN REBELS AND SCATTER OVER CITY
United States Ambassador and German Minister Demand
Cessation of Hostilities, but "Without Avail Mexico
City Is Being Shot to Pieces by the Artillery and
Small Arms of the Two Contending Armies.
British Legation Under Rebel Eire.
through nn adjoining bHlldiBg and stake an lt oa a rrM street, which vtsk at the moment free trera rifle fire.
The consul general and his staff carried along with theraa wounded raan, vUohd been brought late the consulate
for temporary treatment. ','- V
Mr. Shanklin Is a coasln of Ti". H. Austin, of Ki'PaK. .He, -visited "Mr. VcMIn -at EI Pano during toe Taft-DIaz
celebration. Mr. Austin has been telegraphing tbe American consul central lor Information a bent his daughter.
Mrs. Thomas It. Hasam, formerly Miss Lillian aslin, jfkWo s n resident of Coioala Lama, between the city and
Cbapnltepec castle. Mr. Vustin'taa telegraphed far hit daughter to comedo 1 Paso and has asked the American
consul general to assist In netting her ont-of the beleaguered cltj. . ,
n Ambassador and -
Embassy In City of mexico
FoHr Warships oh Gulf Coast.
The two additional battleships. Trhleh
are to bo to Mexico, as decided upon
at the midnight -white house confer
ences attended by president Taft, secre
taries Knei, Stlrason and Meyer aad
officers of the army aad nary, will
bring; the total namber of American
men of war ia Yeraertoz harbor sn to
three. The dreadnought Virginia al
ready Is steaming to Tampieo and the
(.eorgla Is on her way to Veracrat This
will make a total of fear Vmerlcan bat
tleships oa the gnlf coast or Mexico.
The two on the Pacific side, the Colo
rado and South Dakota, arc under or
ders for Mcxleo ports and ether ships
may follow at any momeat.
TWO ADMIRVLS TO MEXICO.
There will be two rear admirals la
Mexican waters ready to direct the
movements of the ships speeding to
both coasts. Oa the west side, rear
admiral Sutherland en bis big armored
rrnber Colerado, b bow well elf the
roast of Lower California aad shonM
arrive at Icapulco by Friday. On the
galf eoast. rear adralal Fletcher is ea
tbe flagship Vermont.
4.11 the ships under orders for Mex
ican service are of tbe first class, with
complements of about 706 men each.
Tbe navy will have aa effective force of
about 5000 men en tbe gulf aad the Pa
cific side of Mexico before the end of
The big army transports at Newport
News will be ready to sail by tomorrow
morn ins? at the latest. They would taice
Bome of the First infantry brigade
from New York state and peruana
troops from Fort Monroe. Baltimo.e,
and Fort Myer near tins city, should
it be decided that the crisis in Mex.co
bad assumed such proportions as to
demand the dispatch of a military force
to reinforce the naval contingent a.
read under way
"Condition Is Justifiable."
Flghunsr m fie Heart of Mexico Cit
ndang urs thousands of live-, j bx the sacral staff this morning the
lnKf 1 upon w.tn apprehension out j senior military officer near GaUeston
ar-nj min and students of international J began immediately to get in touch with
law declare this condition may be jus
tifiable if tbe Madero government finds
it necessary to fight for its own ex
istence. The First infantry brigade has just
been brought into existence as part of
the scheme of army re-organlxatisn
and t's responsiveness to the call for
foreign service may be regarded as a
first practical test of the value of the
The first brigade will entrain for
Newport News, Va, only in the event
that the preparatory orders issued this
morning are followed by others setting
the troops in motion. "Within 24 hours
after such an order, it is expected that
the most distant organizations within
the brigade will arrive at Newport
Assembling Army Snnplies.
Gen. Alesnire. quartermaster gen
eral; tfltlay, followed up the orders 40
commission the army transports at
Newport News by directing the imme
diate assembly of food supply, wagon
transportation and other equipment tor
troops on foreign service.
The transports are the Meade, M--Clelland,
Sumner and Kil pat rick. The
McClelland is the smallest, with a ca
pacitv of 300 troops The three others
are able to carry about 800 men each
There is no doubt that the four can
easily- accommodate the entire first
brigade of the first division, consti
tuting the advance guard of an expedi
tionary force of 15,000 men, available
for foreign service in an emergency.
Artillery From Galveston.
Galveston would be the port of de
parture of the artillery force and some
cavalr, in the event that it were
necessarv to follow up the first bri
gade The original intention was to
emplo the four army transports named
for that purpose, after they had dis
charged the first brigade on foreign
shores. But this will be done only in
case it is found impossible to secure
merchant marine ships to carrv th -
ullerv and cavalr Bv orders issued
Portion of American Colony, Mexico City
and the Madero loyal troops today were without avail. 1 he bullet-riddled aty k
being shot to pieces; foreigners and natives alike are being shot down and
property is being ruthlessly destroyed as two factions of Mexican troops battle
Americans and other foreigners living m this city found themselves k a
despertae situation today. The foreign residential and commercial districts
lay in the direct Kite of artillery fire from both the rebel and federal positions.
Many people who had taken refuge in the more important buildings found them
selves penned in, while heavy sheik whistled about them, tearing through walli
CABLE OFFICE BADLY DAMAGED.
The cable ice was severely damaged by shrapnel and it was feared
that comrauBcaioB with the outside world might be temporarily cut off.
All surrounding streets were occupied by troops and throughout infantry
men kept up a constant rifle fire. ,
Neither side gamed any perceptible advantage up to noon, when plans
for a conference between the leaders of the rebels and representatives of the
government were taken up for discussion at the national palace, follows a visit
to Madero by the American ambassador and the German minister, who de
manded that fighting cease.
PRISON OPENED; ZAPATISTAS ARRIVE.
From the Madero point of view, two of the most serious of the day's de
velopments were the releasing by rebels of several thousand crinwiak fiora the
city prison, and the arrival m the cky of Alfonso Miranda, one of Zapata's
lieutenants, with a band of 300 followers who are said to have plotted the
wholesale looting of the capital. They are aiding the Diaz troops.
I . i. J 1 . " J 1 f ,1 "7 wi 1 1
wi fllfr.-Mi-r. Fri. 'll-Tif Mnwc of nbI niDtl AaDia.Slunl.lla and bis rinU fram tbe American k "51 "V JKE "raP a Ktan& Kpao,
consulate bnUdlngVd5iW ffce 'seven hear battle between tie federal troops and the ;enV1HtSe sfrettn of STe9ro flfnNNU OIL Ulj lUld WSS WWMIia'TtlS Way toward. BK rebel position, to join
City yesterday was a sensational one. Mr. Shacklta broke dowa two doers, and wes tbas enabled to, ja into and I Felix DiaZ.
When BeJem jail, the famous old prison, was thrown open by the rebels,
from 3000 to 5000 desperate prisoners were let loose, many of them robbers
REBELS SUFFER BUT UTTLE.
Fer four hours continuously during tie forenoon tbe federal troops shelled
tie positions of tbe rebels without great elect Tbe rebels .retamed the fire much
more vigorously than yesterday. Their heavier guns hurled shrapnel aad solid shot
into the heart of the business-district.
The artillery fire of tbe rebels from their positions at the arsenal extended ia
several directions oa account of the encircling tactics adopted by the government
Diaz turned his guns in thetdirection of the British legation shortly after boob
in order to reply to the fire of a federal battery stationed there.
SCARCITY OF FOOD.
A scarcity of previsions is already caasing saffering among the poorer classes.
Ordinary food is obtainable only ia small quantities and at prices from five to tea
times the usual rate. .
The bulk of the government troops are stationed ia tM northwestern part
of the city this afternoon.
An effort made by the federals- to isolate the rebels from their water supply
was ineffective becanse there are a number of artesian wells in the portion of the
city occupied by the rebels.
HO CESSATION OF FIGHTING.
Hopes of a conference to stop the fighting diminished this afternoon. There
was a cessation of firing for a time hat this appeared to be due to a change ia tha
federal positions and was regarded by the rebels as a trick to draw thea out. It
was first reported that Madero had ordered a suspension of firing, as he dreaded
foreign' interference, but, although there was a slight lull, the Snag did sot en
tirely cease at any time.
REBELS STRENGTHEN POSITION.
Tbe rebels strengthened their position during the day by placing more men
and field gans on the Y. M. C A. building, commanding the arsenal, against which
the government troops continued a fire from their artillery and small arms.
DIAZ BETTER FORTIFIED.
According to reports from the rebel" lines. Felix Diaz utilized the nitrht hoar
in further fortifying the positions Be had taken up and which even yesterday bad
juoveu subbr eaenga 10 wunsiana me auacKs maoe By the government troops.
The federal force was strengthened during the nignt by reinforcements of both
artillery and infantry. The new arrivals took up positions along the streets lead
ing to tbe scene of battle.
m DIAZ ARTILLERY FIRE IS BEST.
For many hours after the opening of today's battle,, the artiHery fire of the
federal troops did not appear to do great damage to the rebel positions. Diaz seoii
brought his heavy guns vigorously to bear. He made every etfort to dislodge the
federal riflemen and machine gunners from the higher buildings. At the same
time he directed a constant fire on the new national theater, about which a con
siderable portion of the federal artillery was stationed. In this latter effort he
was fairly successful.
FEDERALS REPULSED IN CHARGE.
At about half past 10 there was a virtual cessation of firing, but this was due
presumably to the troops changing positions, as neither side had at that time won
a decided advantage. ' '
The federal troops at one moment made a vaBant but ineffective effort to
obtain possession of Belem jail, in the neighborhood of the arsenal. The followers
of Felix Diaz repulsed their vigorous attack and then released a portion of the
prisoners, some of whom they incorporated in their ranks, arming them with rifls
from the arsenal stores.
ZAPATISTAS ACT AS GUERILLAS.
The group of Zapatistas commanded by Alfonso Miranda, wHa entered the
city in the night, worked in conjunction with Diaz, but, instead of attempting to
join him, adopted guerilla tactics and caused great trouble to the federals.
A most spectacular display of artillery firing occurred in the center of the
aty. The federal cannon were in action in San Juan de Letran street and just off
Juarez avenue, in locations nridway between the arsenal and the national palace.
BATTLE REOPENS EARLY.
JleA- eral troops Pew the battle in the streets of the Mexican capital
at 6:35 this morning with a light artillery fire.
The action soon became general, all the artillery on both sides being brought
into play. The cannon fire was augmented by sweeping salvos from the machine
guns, while the infantry came into action with volleys and individual shooting.
The Mutual Life Insurance building was set on fire at 8 odock by a shell
from a rebel field gun. It is a four story marble structure ea the corner of Cinco
de Mayo and San Juan de Letran streets. The fire was, extinguished, but not until
great damage was done.
AMERICANS IN LINE OF FIRE.
Shortly before 9 oclock this morning a shell tore a hole through th; iron shut
ter protecting the cable office and fell inside
. Porter's hotel and the American club, in both of which scores of American visi
tors and residents are gathered, are in the direct hne of fire.
Another heavy shell struck a building m front of the cable office at about
10 .oclock, ripping away a comer of tbe structure.
V ADVANCE ON PALACB.
. The rebels under Fehx Diaz started to advance toward the national palace it
a garter to nine.
VThe rebels seemingly were employing heavier cannon than they did yesterday.
They directed their fire toward the national palace and on the higher buildings ia
(.Continued on Ntxt Page)
merchant ship owners to see what
could be done on short notice.
Ambassador Confirms Tewa.
The state department made xnbllc to
day the substance of telegrams 'received
over night front Mexico. ' Ambassador
Wilson's report was confirmatory of
the news dispatches. Mr. WHaon esti
mates that both sides were eouallr bal
anced numerically Madero and Diaz 1
each commanding about 4900 men. He
states that while four Americans were
reported to have been injured, none
was killed. Consuls at Laredo and En-
senada report all quiet in their sec- '
tions. ' '
Secretary of war Stimson had an
early conference with president Taft
in the white house proper, during
which he advised the president of the
preparedness of the army to carry out
the plans formulating last night.
"There is nothing new to be said,"
he declared at the end of Jiis talk with
the president. "The situation is the
same as last night."-
nilles Issues Statement.
After the conference of the president
and cabinet, which lasted almost all
night, this morning shortly before 2
oclock secretary HillesMssued the fol
"After a conference called by the
president with the secretaries of state,
of war. and of the navy. It was not
believed that the news from the City
of Mexico warrants any action of an
affirmative character other than to or
der mqre battleships to Vevarcruz.
These, including the one ordered to
Tampieo, will make three battleships
on the gulf side of Mexico, or one di
vision of the fleet under the command
of an admiral.
"The war, department will hold Itself
in readiness, but no affirmative action
was directed to be taken by the secre
tary of war except to put two trans
ports, now at Xewport News, Jn com
Troops if Necessary.
"Those transports will receive troops,
should further action be deemed neces
sary. The purpose, merely is to take
precautionary steps to protect Ameri
cans aDd foreigners in the City of
Mexico, should conditions of violence
continue and anarchy succeed.
"The attitude of the trovemment
still is strong against intervention and
11 was oeterminea to taKe no step ai
this time which would commit us to
such a policy, and to take only the
reasonable precaution to meet an
exigency which it is earnestly hoped
and believed will not arise."
rray Transports Keady.
Orders were sent promptly to New
port News by Brig. Gen. Aleshire. chief
of the quartermaster's corps of the
army, to have the army transports
made ready at once By noon today ar
rangements were completed for prompt
action in case the situation in Mexico
grows more active
At the conference all of the presi
dent's advisers were of one mind that
some precautionary steps should be
Mobilize at Galveston.
President Taft's anxiety was said to
have been increased by a rumor re
ceived from Mexico Citv that American
ambassador Wilson had ben forced to
flee from the embassj At an early
hour no confirmation of this report
could be " obtained through official
sources Immediate on leaving the
white house, Maj Gen Wood went di
rectly to the war department -where he
remained at his desk until nearly day
light working out details for the qui
movement of troops should the occa
sion arise, these troops would nrobably
be mobilized at Galveston. Texas, and
would embark as soon as the trans
ports arrived from Newport Sows Va.
Inltcd States Pllmflammi-d.
The officials of the tnitod States
government have begun to realize that
they have been hoodwinked bv the
false reports of Mexican officials rel
ative to th conditions in Mexico, and
the ability of the government to put
down the revolution Th flat state
ment In the Mexican senate last week
r former ambassador Calro to the
T'nited States thit he resigned becuse
he was forced bv his rovprnnv nt to
misrepresent conditions to the t'nited
g7a. iayKgy, ..
I mMm: ' - ff
fKX wK' Sgi Y.HSE3t s t j 'li LvttuuiiinasDsftfthrffe
1 usm rHsawznKT 11 lira n 1 m mt mil ta " iti ouonsnus1
3g iP l&ffrgff fqpJHraCrffv-r -mi mvlSBifr.- ""& WPSBT I 1
V" -! jn-
States, caused an awaken. ng Here
among American ouiciais ana now tney
are accepting Mexico Cit reports with
Cbibtiahun rmy .Disloyal.
Confidential dispatches from MeSlco
which reached Washington last night
indicated that the legular army In the
state of Chibuar-ua has deserted presi
dent Madero and that it is prepared to
go over almost to a man to Felix Diaz.
This was the most alarming bit of
information that has filtered in to
Washington since Diaz engineered his
coup d'etat Sunday. Other states of
Mexico ma follow, it is feared by
officials, and precipitate -a situation fer
more serious than the present situation
Gonzales Ready to Flee.
Acting on information received here.
the prospects of revolution in CfcJaua-
bua are so grave taai re governor,
strong enough to overturn his own
forces at an time and that revolu
tion thxre is imminent.
There are 3000 regulars In Chihua
hua, savs the dispatch all of whom are
believed to be deoted to the cause of
Piaz and 5000 olunteers, most of
whom can be inunt'-d on to remain
o al to Madero
The experience of the regulars, how-
are so grave that Its governor. I s,'a- aan ln,1nKJ xne "
iam Gonzales 18 Jrefred td flee ! J w c,a,1dt upo.n x
v moment He i? declared to be ",, 9Jc take the step
need that the friends of Dias are ke !t oack- I ? tnin
ever, is counted upon by the followers
of the latest revolutionary leader to
offset the diffcience in numbers and
the governor apparently is convinced
that his volunteers are no match for
Lea.de rs of the Diaz faction in Chi
huahua claim according to dispatches
received here thai at least 1200 armed
men are 1 eao 10 join the regulan
when they reolt They expect to
carr into camp with them not only the
7000 men but all the machine guns in
the possession of the regulars.
Calient Opposes 1nr.
Declaration againt immediate inter
vention was made by senator Culiom.
chairman of the senate committee on
foreign relations today.
"I trust there will be no immediate
intervention by the United States," he
said. "I don't think the time has come
the present conditions we are called on
to taKe tbe burden.
Most senators declined to discuss the
situation in Mexico.
Tillman Irges Caution.
A notable exception was found In
senator Tillman He sal.
"I tliink iirebident Taft ought to be
(.continued on page 4.)