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THIRTY-SECOND YEAR OF PUBLICAHON
Superior exclusive features and complete news report by Associated Press Leased Wire ana
200 Special Correspondents covering Arizona, New Mexico, west Texas. Mexico. Wash
ington, D. C and New York. ,. .. ,
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13 stockholders who are as follows. H. L. CapeU. H. B. Stevens. 3. A. Smith. J. J.
Mundy. Waters Davis. H. A. True, McGlennon estate. W. P. Payne, R. C. Canby. G. A.
Martin. Felix Martinez. A. I Sharpe. and John P; Ramsey.
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H. D. Slater, Editor-in-Chief and controlling owner, has directed The Herald for 15 Years;
6. A. Martin is News Editor.
EL PASO HERALD
Editorial and Magazine Page
Friday, February Fourteenth, 1913.
FIGHTING is the City of Mexico has seemed from the first to be limited to
the troops, loyal and mutinous; yet it would seem as if there would be
shown some tendency of the general population to take sides for er against
the government. Why do set the noncombatants become combatants? Would
any American city in time of civil war sit still and let itself be shot to pieces
without its own people taking any interest in what was going on, further than
to try to dodge the bullets? On the contrary, every able bodied man and boy in
the place would be fighting in the ranks of one side or the other, or at the very
least would be bearing arms in defence of home and family.
Seemingly, there have been no volunteers engaged in the Mexico city fighting,
or at any rate, so more than had previously bees enroled inMadero's regular
fighting force. There has been so spontaneous uprising of the people either in
support of Madero and the central government, or is defiance. Diaz has fought
his way unaided except by his mutinous troops. And the great and beautiful capi
tal is being shot to ruins while its inhabitants cower in cellars and a few armed
men battle in the streets.
Things seem to be drifting toward some form of interference by the American
government. It does not seem possible that the policy of cheap bluff and do-nothing
that has characterised the Taft-Knox administration of Mexican relations,
can much longer continue. True, the almost universal belief and conviction of
close students of the state department's relations with Mexico is that there has
been seme sort of collusion or conspiracy with the Madero government that has
influenced every act and colored every official utterance and document But the
set result of the state department's policy, even if its good faith be conceded, has
bees blunder, blunder, blunder, blunder blunders piled upon blunders, until it
seems as if every possible error must have been made; as if the last possible
indignity had been invoked upon Americans; as if the last possible injury had bees
done to the international good feeling which used to exist, and to the standing and
prestige of reputable Americans in Mexico; as if the last possible clown trick had
bees performed by the American government to make this country a byword and
a hissing among our neighbors. But no: if there be seven right ways to do a thing,
and only one wrong way, the Taft-Knox government will find and follow the
wrong way with unerring instinct.
If there should be a war, it would be due solely to the mistaken policy of
president Taf t and secretary Knox. In their open support of the Madero rebels and
subsequently of the Madero goversmest, they have caused the officers of the United
States to play a partisan role instead of to enforce neutrality. Neutrality haa
bees a. grim joke; everybody knows that the whole force of the American govern
ment has been used to play Madero's game, and the activities of the Washington
government did not stop when the borderland of truth and sincerity was passed;
ex-ambassador Calero declared that be had lied every day for ten months to the
American government, but there are people connected with the American govern
ment in Washington and in Mexico who have lied three times a day and then
President Taft, though behas been trying to avoid a clash, has prejudiced
his case beyond belief by the words he has used in Ms official pronouncements.
At least three times the president has officially declared that for one American
soldier to cross the line would mean war with Mexico. That false and dangerous
idea never originated with the Mexicans. President Taft invented it. It may now
be true, but it would not have been true a year or two ago or at any time until
after the president of the United States had thus cast a false light upon the
reasonable and humanitarian motives of a host of Americans who are unwaver
ingly friendly to Mexico and who desire nothing but the restoration of peace in
Friendly intervention for police purposes solely temporary occupation of dis
turbed districts under a pledge to the world of the pacific character of the move
ment would never have bees resented by Mexico, nor would war ever have bees
talked of, if president Taft had not over and over declared that when one American
soldier bearing arms crossed the border it would be equivalent to a declaration of
war. The statement is sot true, it never was true, and it would not be true now,
but some Mexicans have saved up president Taft's undiplomatic and untruthful
words, and have construed them as representing the sentiment of the American
people, which they do not It ought to be possible right now to send armed Amer
ican troops into Mexico on a pacific mission without exciting hostilty anywhere. But
if there should be resistance, and if there should be war, president Taft and hia
secretary of state would have to bear the burden of responsibility for it because
in trying to promote what they have imagined to be the interests of trade, they
have destroyed the only true basis of honorable peace, which is mutual confidence
and mutual respect
War of conquest there will be none. No matter what some of our peopld
along this border, some people with interests in northern Mexico, seme good fight
ing dos of our army, may think about the possibility or wisdom of annexing a
part of Mexico, that is absolutely impossible and not to be considered for om
moment as a possible outcome of any military operation. The policy of this coun
try has bees consistently for the autonomy of the latin-American republics. Were
we to make a war of aggression on Mexico we should excite the active hostility
of 19 other Americas republics, and the derision and distrust of all the world.
In discussing these matters we may well suppress our own desires and our
own views of international policy and consider the matter strictly in the light of
our history and foreign relations. We should by all means have annexed Cuba,
but congress would not permit one move until we had tied our hands. There would
not be nearly the same strategic reasons for acquiring any part of Mexico; bow
much less likely, then, it is that any move would be authorized by congress until
our hands had been tied. No American force will go into Mexico until its move
ment shaH have been explaned and heralded to the world as a pacific expedition
for police purposes in the name of common humanity and common rights of man
kind. Hostile invasion or conquest there will be none, and Americans and Mexicans
may as well make up their minds to this truth from tte start A full understand
ing of the policy of the American people in this connection may avert many a
terrific dash of races and avoid many a possible tragedy.
ElihH Boot, worthy successor of James G. Blaine and John Hay in the part
of latin-Americas arbitrator asd pacificator, said is his great speech at Hie
Janeiro before the third Pas-Americas conference, "We deem the independence
and equal rights of the smallest and weakest member of the family of nations
entitled to as much respect as those of the greatest empire." In 1862, referring
to certain American claims against Paraguay, president Lincoln said in a message
to congress, "The people and government of the United States are too honorable
to connive at oriental trickery in favor of their citisens to the detriment of justice."
In 1881, Gen. Grant traveled in Mexico, traversing nearly every state. Ex
president, victorious commander, the Mexicans were afraid of him, afraid "of his
mission. They suspected that he was in Mexico for no good end. They thought
be was planning invasion and conquest They were timid, almost hostile, in his
presence, at first until they learned from his own lips the policy of tne American
people which he assumed to interpret for the information and to quiet the fears of
the Mexicans. At a banquet given bim by the government at Oaxaca, Gen. Grant
said: "The people of the United States would not accept annexation of Mexico
We do not need new territory. We have yet to develop what we have. We wish
to see our neighbors prosper and become strong enough so that the projects that
may be formed by other countries in relation to them may in no way endanger
their safety." Quotations by the hundred along similar lines might be made but
it is not necessary, for anybody who knows the sentiment and temper of the
people pf this country will concede that one ringing speech by EUhu Root widely
published, would knock out of most minds the last vestige of an idea that a war
of cosquest could be carried on in Mexico by sanction of the congress of the
Mexico's independent existence, perpetual, secure, as a separate, self governed
nation, is is no danger. The United States does not menace tBat independence
and never will, in the lifetime of men now living, unless it should become necessary
to our self defence, to resist the invasion of some great world power that might
be a menace on our flank. Any military movement we may make at this time will
be like sending United States troops to the state of Colorado in time of riot and
insurrection, to restore order and to be 'withdrawn as soon as civil rights shall have
been reestablished and the safety of persons and property under the reign of law
shall have been guaranteed.
President Taft has proved himself incompetent to handle the delicate situation.
The wisest and most patriotic thing he could da would be to put the whole matter
up to congress, as he declares his intention of doing.
If Diaz should succeed in taking and controling the capital, and in restoring
and maintaining order and protecting foreigners, the hand of tie United States
may be stayed until Woodrow Wilson assumes the presidential chair. When that
takes place, there is hope for the return of light in our international .relations,
especially with Mexico and latin-America; for while nobody can guess at what
Wilson and Bryan may or may not do, all may be certais that there will be instant
and marked improvement over the present situation.
CLERKS THltKATKX WAR
OX COLOUAIIO SOLON-
Denver, Colo., Feb. 14. Clerks and
stenographers in the various state ex
ecutive departments, threatened 'with
t eduction of salaries by the legislature
and the state administration, hare
'prepared initiative petitions In an ef
for at retaliation. The petitions are
for a constitutional amendment reduc
ing the salary executive offices 25 per
cent abolishing the legislature, and
subtituting for it an advisory board of
35 members. The employes announce
that the petitions will be placed In cir
culation unless the efforts to reduce
their pay checks is given up
PROSECUTION AM.KGBS HYDE
USED DIPHTHERIA GERM.
Kansas City, Mo, Feb. "-The al
leged use of diphtheria germs by Dr. a
rnarke Hyde was the point emphasised
bv the state at today's session of the
trial of Hvde tor the murder of Col.
Thomas H Swope Dr. E. L. StewJrt.
a bacteriologist, testified that Hyfle
used a part of a culture of dyphtheria
germ furnished him bv Stewart and
afterward denied using them.
and Territory Secure
"MOTHER JON-BS" IS CHARGED
WITH larCITIXG RIOT
Charleston. W. Va.. Feb. 14 "Mother"
Jones was arrested here as she .alighted
from a train in the Charleston depot
She is charged with inciting riot and
complicity in the killing of Fred Bob
bett. as the result of riots in the coal
district. The warrant was issued at
the instance of a brother of the vic
tim Paulson and Bartley union or
ganizers, also were placed under ar
rest. The state building and the residence
of Gov. William E Glasscock are being
guarded because of threats against the
life of the state's executive.
Charles Henry Morrison filed a vol
untary petition in bankruptcy Friday.
He is an employe of the bookkeeping
Department of the Madera Lumber com
pan, and gives his liabilities as J26.
581. assets about $4400 in household
goods He came hrre from Indianapolis,
where he was a lumber dealer, and the
creditors are all in the east.
By GEORGE FITCH,
Author of "At Good Old Slwau.
A T "Vli""1ATJ Za a nflrVAllC HUMtllA 1 SfiVn
1 r which lives or gasoline and five-
Five-dollar bills are the chief diet of
' the taxicab. It eats them at the rate
! of one 10-cent bite each quarter of a
: mile. A taxicab can travel 45 miles an
I hour when hungry, especially on a vet
pavement and can eat a $5 bill, rind
I and all, in 15 minutes and yell for more.
Feeding the animals in a circus is sup
posed to be an impressive sight but it is
not half so thrilliae as feeding a taxi
cab. To feed a taxicab. stufr Your poek-
! ets with money, tell the driver to hurry
I up and take you to the next block and
j then fix your eye on the taxi meter dial.
ab tue unver races iiiauiy arounu iuu
around the block in order to comply
with the traffic regulations and the
dividend requirements of the taxteab
company, the intelligent maehine devours
1 vour $5 bill nibble bv nibble, like a rab-
1 . . 1? -t , Tj. ;-
Die enguuing a caooage leai. t is wm, i
halt as exciting to burn money as it is
to feed it to a taxicab. Neither is it
half so dangerous. Unless vou watch
the dial carefull the taxi will "presently
eat all the money you have and will
The taxi will presently eat all the money
you have and will then become car
nivorous, assisted by its driver.
then become carnivorous, assisted by its
driver. Many a traveler has carelessly
supposed that the taxicab can glut a ?20
appetite on a $10 bill, and has gone to
the police station with his ear hanging
uuwu over jus vest poexet in conse
quence. The taxicab is nimble and convenient
and with its aid one can travel so far
in a day and can perform so much work
that he will have earned enough more
by the end of the year to pay almost all
of the additional cost of transportation.
In Europe one may travel by taxi for 16
cents a mile, but in this country you, owe
the taxi 30 cents before it is cranked
7 11 "'"P P"uS P "e tne na-
tional debt thereafter
America is full .of brave men. A few
uniii hoc niwin njimmi. upoing :
ilw jlrira. Iia!? 7rvll. V..- . -t it - I
prefer bear hunting and other molly
coddle sports. Copyrighted by George
-Br Walt Mason. -
I wonder why we often know a strong
desire for sleeping, when to the synagog
we go to hear the pastors sweeping
discussion of the vital themes? What is
the strange incentive? Why do we snore
and roam in dreams when we should be
attentive? Insomnia may rack our heads
when we're remote from preaching; we
toss and flounder on our beds, for slum
ber vainly reaching; but in the quiet
house of prayer we've no such frantic
tattle; we sleep hnd dream and saw the
air with crosscut snores that rattle. I
wonder why it always rains when we
have planned excursions, as picnics in
tne woods or plains, or Kindred mild di
versions? I wonder why tie rooster!
crows so .rlv in ih. r-T,. -i
"o. V JKItlUjmi U1IIU Ul- I
people, roused from their repose, shout
words of wrath and sraminc? T wonrior
as I walk abroad among the men, who
bore most, why things are all so wapper
jawed and firece and hmdend foremost?
MANY REALTY SALES
PENDING IN EL PASO
Several BnngaloiTM and n Number of
City Lots GIianKe Hands; Masons
Plan -to More
Local and real estate brokers report
many deals pending for the sale of
houses and suburban lots in the var
ious additions. The scarcity of rent
houses has helped in the sale of homes
and it is expected that refugees from
Mexico will continue to reside in El
Paso for several months, and this will
insure the rental of all available houses.
The Masonic blue lodge is preparing
to move into the completed part of the
new Masonic temple building in tem
IJuj-h Sew Bungnloir
J. C. Wallwork has purchased from
the Great Texas Realty company, a six
room brick bungalow at 400 River
street, for 5,500, and will occupy It
as his home. George L. Dickinson has
bought from the same company a brick
bungalow at the corner of Rampart
and Hutton streets for $4,1M.
Mrs. A. L. Syles has purchased from
the Great Texas Realty company part
of lots 5. S. 7 and 8, in block 93. Frank
lin Heights on Rampart street for
$1,800. These sales were made through
the Kisk-Ramsey Realty company.
Building a Bungalovr
Geo. W. Sharp is building a four room
brick bungalow on lots 11 and 12, in
block 32, Grandvlew addition, for H.
C Blades. It is to cost $2,500. Pascal
Johnson has purchased lots 8 and 9. in
block 106 Highland Park, for $500.
J. H. C Younkin has bought lots 28
and 29 in block 107 Highland Park for
$500. J. T. Dunn has purchased lots
27 and 28 in block 72 Qrandview for
;06 and lots 11 and 12 in block 50
Morningside heights for $400. These
sales were all made through the New
man Investment company.
Lot Salei Amount to 23,000.
Frank Murchison and C. A. Beers
have bought three lots on the corner
of Texas and Ochoa street from A. P.
Coles & Bros., for $14,000. The lots
measure 75 by 8a feet and will be im
proved later. The same realty firm
sold 15 lots in Cotton addition on Bas
ett avenue to G. P. Putnam for $9600.
WITH AUTO BANDITS
Los Angeles, Callt. Feb. 14 Their
faces singed with powder and their
uniforms perforated by revolver bul
lets, two policemen managed today to
arrest three members of a band of five
alleged automobile bandits. The two
others, one of them a woman, were
betrayed the prisoners, according to
the police and are now being sought.
The three prisoners gave the names
ot Bert Hamilton a chauffeur. George
Johnson and FravC Smith When ar
rested the shot jt the officers but
surrendered under the hot return fi e
The prisoners are jid to hae us.-.l
an automobile to aid them in a number
uf iobber.es and holdjps.
irnis. ersan s.
"With babies' overshoes sellin' at 60
cents a pair even th' poor man is up
again th' tire proposition. Ever time a
magazine gits hard" up fer somethin V
print it runs a story about th' big trees
0' Californy. v
14 Years Ago Today
From The Herald This Date 1S89.
ZfsafnseT.lniins were very irregular
yesterday.; the recent storm was re
sponsible. The Social dub dance at the court
house tonight promises to be one of
the swelleat of the season.
Conductor C. P. MeGlhnls. of the G.
H-. who has been laying off for the
past week, reported for work yester
day. The many friends of "Rip" Robert
son were greatly surprised yesterday
upon learning that he had been mar
ried. The grand jury is in session at Las
Cruces and many witnesses from this
place have been summoned to appear
t L.' James- of EI Pmo' and It G.
SJI01 left yesterday for. the famous
Seven Star mine in the Chuichupa dis
trict beyond Casas Grandes.
It is said that governor Otero, of New
Mexico, will visit this city the last of
next week, on his way to Alamogordo.
the county seat of the new county of
Messrs. Morehead. Conklin and Da
vis leave tomorrow mnmino. .. -
other visit to their recently discovered
F kl?' n other side of Mount
The pipe men were busy at ttiejG. H.
shops yesterday. The cold weather of
Saturday and Sunday had the "efffit or
'ixing the wtteV in te piPesf "n cn-
sequence or which many oftne nibea
An arrival on the Simla v (v.!-
Ing said that it would be well for the
people of this vicinity to prepare for
an unusual rise in the river, whleh, in
his estimation, will reach here in the
The e-etutive committee of the cor
nerstone celebration met this morning
at seoretarr John Julisn's . .nj
r unanimous! v HeciHwi i. ir. - -
i .j .c:' . r" .""" union.-
imi us me ieature or the day. Those T
who attended th mMttins- wapq 'rAea.
Clifford, Magoffin, Brunner. Julian and
The general meeting of the commit
teemen appointed to arrange for the
cornerstone celebration was called to
order yesterday afternoon at the
courthouse. Those present were
.Messrs. John Julian, D. W. Reckhart. A.
I lhU& i W.. 3"folii, Joseph Ma
goffin. H. E. Dillon Robert Krakauer.
Chas. Davis. W. H. Burges; C. R. More
head. Floyd Payne, a Lyons. J. D. Pon
der. J. H. McCutcheon, and John Sneed.
James Magoffinv chairman of the ball
committee, stated that the ball commit
tee had organized and selected subcom
mittees. Mrs. James Magoffin delightfully en
. . . .. T ..--... . ...a
at tb "h, Coffin homlftST as l nlghJ
??, "eia.so,ln. homestead. A pair of
f liver glove stretchers wu w. u v
tugene Neff. a dainty cup and saucer
was won bj Mrs. W D Howe: a piece
of Wedgewood was won by Waters
Davis, of the club, and a silver mounted
whisk 'broom by A. P. Coles. Those
present were- Mr. and Mrs. E. P
Brown, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Aiken, Mr.
and Mrs. J H. Russell Mr. and Mrs. J.
M. Dean, judge and Mrs. Buckler, Mr.
" &t, Easene ". Mr. and Mrs.
X. T. White, Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Hlxson.
Mr. and Mrs. Beach, Mrs. J. F. Wil
liams. Waters Davis. Mrs. Morehouse,
Mrs. Brown. Mrs. Glasgow, Mrs. Hovey
Miss Bewley. Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Coles!
Mr. and Mrs. W. R. Brown: Messrs.
George Flory, Newman and Aldridge.
CLARK GIVES $200
TO SAVE THE BABIES
Charlie Clark senator William A
Clark's millionaire son, helped the ba
bies $200 worth Friday at the flower
sale of the Woman's Charity. The mil
lionaire son of the millionaire Montana
senator was lobby lounging past the
flower stall, where Mrs. W. L. Tooley.
J?',JaJn,e D,ck- Mi8ses Eileen and
Ethel Walx and Misses Olive Davis and
Nannie Lackland were elling flowers
for the fund to save the babies. Young
Clark asked the purpose of the flower
fair when he bought a boquet for his
buttonhole. The save the babies re
sponse caused him to come through
with $200 for the fund. This is the
record for individual contributions in
EI Paso to date.
3ItU DISTRICT COURT.
5? M Jackson, Presiding.
H. Rodriguez, charged with theft
dlsch the.Person; Jury disagreed and
Jose Maria Munlz, Anastacio Martinez
and Santos Morales, charged with burg
lary; Munis given three years in the
penitentiary; Martinez three years in
reform school: instructed verdict of
acquittal for Morales.
Fortino Padlllo, charged with burg
lary; not guilty
41st DISTRICT COURT.
xt ,.,A- 3L- Walthall, PreHidlng.
Nellie W. Miller vs. Henry Miller,
suit for divorce; granted.
, B. B. McClIntock. Presiding.
Miguel Cordova and Manuel Cordova,
charged with assault to murder; com
Great Texas Realty Co. vs. Mrs. E. J.
Hutzel. unlawful detainer suit; Judg
ment for defendant.
, r .9! Bros. vs. J Viescas. suit
for $141.32. judgment for plaintiff for
J. J. Murphy, PrcMdlng.
Dr. John C Schuler, charged with ex
ceeding the speed limit; fined $5 and
W. Garcia, charged with drunken
ness, fined $1 and costs.
S. O. Guaderama vs. Jose Becarra.
suit on $88.60 account; judgment for
plaint! fT for $36 10.
SECRKT SKRVICB DOUBLES
WILSON'S BODY GU VRD.
Princeton N J, Feb. 14 The guard
of secret ser ice men with nresulent
eleet Wilson was doubled today. Two
operati(s have been with the "govern
or fon-tintl Sim- election da
The rcdon fo the sudden increast
is not diul,e.(l.
Canal Replies Tit for Tat
State Department Thinks England
Has Pretested Before
By Frederic J. Haskin-
ASHLVGTON. D. C Feb. 14.
When secretary of state Phil
ander C. Knox wrote the re
ply of this government to the English
notes protesting against the Panama,
canal act, he politely told sir Edward
Grey that the British foreign office dis
played so little knowledge of the presi
dent's proclamation fixing tolls on the
canal that he could scarcely believe
it had been read before sir Edward
drafted hrs note of protest. This was
something of a case of tit for tat,
since sir Edward had expressed the
belief in his note that president Taft
had not been able to catch the purport
of the Innes note. Such is the course
of diplomatic Indirection.
British Contention Ignored.
Mr. Knox then recalled the fact to
the British foreign minister that he
had probably protested before his ,
country was hurt, since his note was .
puDiisnea tne aay alter tne proclama
tion was issued, and, therefore, seem
ingly before Great Britain could
hare understood the effect of the pres
ident's proclamation. Mr. Knox In
formed sir Edward that the whole
tenor of his note was a protest against
what the president might do rather
than against what he had done. He
declared that since It was evident that
England had protested without waiting
to understand the president's procla
mation, the diplomatic situation that
sir Edward was discWssing was wholly
different from the one now existing.
Mr. Knox In this tacitly ignored the
British contention that it was a viola
tion of the treaty to assume the right
to exempt American ships, whether ex
emption was actually made or not.
Three Direct Objections.
The three direct objections to the
canal act urged by the British gov
ernment are that it exempts coastwise
traffic from paying tolls, that it gives
the president power to discriminate
against foreign shipping, and that it
gives the government owned vessels cf
the republic of Panama the right to
use the canal free. Taking up these
objections in reverse order, secretary
Knox expresses surprise that England
should drag Panama into the matter.
He says that the treaty with the repub
lic of Panama, providing for this toll
exemption, has been in effect for a
decade, and that until now not a syl
lable of protest has been heard. He
concludes that all the facts in the
case indicate that England does not
want to submit that matter to arbitra
tion. With reference to the allegation that
the canal act gives to the president
the right to fix tolls in a way that
would be discriminatory against Brit
ish shipping, secretary Knox advises
England that it will be time enough
to consider this question when tne
president takes such action.
Protest Against Exemptions.
With reference to the principle of
exempting coastwise traffic from toll
charges, the British government is re
minded that In Its first note it prac
tically conceded the right of the United
States to exempt its coastwise shipping
from, toll charges, when it said that if
"the trade should be so regulated as
to make it certain that only bona
fide coastwide traffic . .
woud be benefited by this exemp
tion, it may be that no objection
could be taken." Secretary Knox
then drives another argument home
by asking if the United States
is to be denied the right to
exempt such trarilc simply because
w...v -... ... ....,,.- .....
England has a suspicion ot believes
there is a possibility that the regu
lations yet to be framed may not re
strict this exemption to coastwise
Loss is On United States.
The Grey note expresses the fear
that the United States will, in remit
ting the tolls on coastwise business,
asses the entire charges of mainte
nance of the canal npon vessels in ;he
foreign trade, and thus cause them to
bear an unequal burden. To this sec
retary Knox has replied that the Brit
ish government is far from the facts.
He shows that this coastwise traffic
was computed by yrof. Emory John-
son in his calculations, and the loss
incurrea oy tne remission oi tnese
tolls will fall solely upon the United
States. He furthermore calls England's
attention to the fact that the treaty
gives the' United States a right to
charge in the very words of sir Ed
ward Grey himself, a toll that would
return to the United States "the in
terest on the capital expended and the
cost of the operation and maintenance
of the canal."
"What Shipping Will ray.
As a matter of fact, the United
States does not propose to charge Eng
land a rate of toll that will yield such
returns. Under the English construc
tion, warranting the United States in
charging a rate that would yield a re
turn on the capital invested and the
cost of operation and maintenance, we
might have fixed the rate at nearly
$3 instead of at $1.20. It is estimated
that our total outlay on account of the
canal, including interest, the cost of
operation, maintenance, and policing,
will represent approximately $27,900,
000 a year. Prof. Johnson estimates
that 10,500.000 tons, net register, cf
shipping, will pass through the canal
to begin with, and that this amount
will be increased to about 17,000,000
4A..0 441., ..An.... t......... .....1 Ah ......... AT
evicts icu jrcaia 1ICUI.C, auu LU AUltiC .,4,
000.000 tons in 1935 From all this it ,
will be seen that instead of working
a hardship on England by remitting
tolls -on coastwise traffic, it will be
nearly 20 years before England will
be paying for its shipping what it
costs to maintain and operate the
canal for its benefit. This, of course,
begs the question of the treaty guar
antee of equality of treatment.
Subsidizing Eery VesseL
Secretary Knox observes that since
admittedly we are not going to make
enough out of the tolls we charge to
meet the fixed charges and the cost cf
operation and maintenance for many
years to come, when we fix a rate be
low that point we are practically sub
sidizing every vessel that passes
through the canal, be it British or
American, foreign or coastwise. With
the British government recognizing the
right of the United States to exempt
its coastwise traffic provided it does
not add toll or other burdens to British
shipping, with the United States in
cluding coastwise shipping in its esti
mates of tonnage upon, which to predi
cate a fixing ot tolls, and being in a
pusuiuu iu Kunntmee mat tne exemp
tion under the canal act shall be limit
ed to bona fide coastwise traffic, sec
retary Knox professes to be unable to
see what England is complaining
Britons Cry Before Hurt.
In other than diplomatic language
he thinks that England has gon off
half coiked that it objects' to " the
canal act, but that the act does not 'ix
the tolls. He charges them of ignoring
the president's proclamation which
he thinks, puts at rest practically all
the fanciful injuries that sir Edward
Grey thinks are about to descend -ip-on
British shipping. He says their
protest Is a protest more against what
may happen than against what has
happened. He thinks Great Britain is
suing us because we hae the power
to commit trespass against our neigh
bor rather than because we have com
muted such trespass
In concluding his reply to sir Edward
Grei. secretary Knot politely asked
him to wait until the act and 'he pre -dent
s proclamation do Indicate th it
tnev win work lnequalit of treatment
or unjust and inequu ihle tolls upon
I British -vessels, and that then, if Grtat I
' 'LAVENDER WOMAN' '
MAY BE IN EL PASO
Police Think "W emaa Crook Slay Have
Come Here From Douglas; Nu
merous Burglnrlrc Reported.
Look out for the "woman in laven
der." The police believe that she is at
work in El Paso, judging from the num
ber of burglaries that have been com
mitted, beginning Wednesday night, the
day she is supposed to have arrived
from Douglas, Aria. Thereport is that
Douglas had her for awhile, and the
authorities ther esent her out of town,
the woman purchasing a ticket to El
taso. it was claimed.
"The woman in lavender ' can be dis
tinguished by th clohtes of that color
in which, it is said, she appars on every
occasion, even in the commission of a
burglary. Being of a possessing per
sonality, the police say she can pass at
any time. Her duty, it is said, is to
call at a place selected to be burglar
ized, in the role of a prospective guest,
and while there to take notes of the
contents of the house. Her confeder
ates do the rest.
Whether the woman In lavender is I
operating in El Paso or not, burglaries,
holdups and purse snatcning continue.
Thursday night burglars entered the
residence occunled by F. Herivel. 1110
East Missouri street, and after ransack
ing the place carried away a number of
baby dresses, and other clothing. Silver
ware was included in the list.
G. H. Gardner, rooming at the house
on the corner of Overland and Stan
ton streets, Friday morning was minus
a suit case and a blue serge suit, fol
lowing the visit of a burglaV Thursday
The postofflce is a favorite place for
purse snatchers. Mrs. D. Kluger. living
at 395 Myrtle avenue, Thursday after
noon while at that place had a silver
mesh purse containing $7 and a pair
of glasses "snatched."
Jesse C. Stansel. chief of the city de
tective department, who was on duty
at the postofflce Thursday afternoon,
collared Jesus Martinez after, it was
charged, he had taken a purse belong- 1
ing to a woman which she had put
down while addressing an envelope. The
detective stated that when he caught
Sartinez. the latter pulled the pocket
book out of his pocket and offered to
give It to him. Martinez was locked up
at the police station on a charge of
theft under $50.
T. R. Boyd was plucked of three suits
of clothes, a pair of Sunday shoes, his
toilet set and other articles of personal
use when thieves broke into his room
at 11 1-2 Mills street-
BMPLOYMEXT AGBXT IS
ARRESTED BV THE POLICE
Robert Pollock, who the police stated,
conducted an employment office in the
500 block on South El Paso street, was
arrested Thursday afternoon by police
chief I. N. Davis, on a charge of so
liciting laborers without a license. Ac
cording to the chief. Pollock's plan con
sisted of employing men to go to "work
for the Sheldon Lumber company. Shel
don. Wash. Each man who registered,
it was said, was guaranteed $3 a day,
and a chance to file on land in that
vicinity for homestead purposes. Forty
one applicants had been received in El
Paso, it was stated, but on account of
some misunderstanding, it was said that
Pollock returned the fee that they had
MACABBBS OBSERVE ANNUAL
CUSTOM OF CALLING THE ROLL
The observance of the roll call of the
El Paso lodge of Macabees. celebrated
Thursday night was carried out by a
literary program and banquet. The
event was held at the Beaver's hall.
A brief talk relating to the purposes
and reasons for the roll call was made
by lieutenant commander O. G. Gore,
which was followed by the roll call. The
members then sang "Aul Lang Syne. E.
"Wyatt, gave several recitations, w. W.
Bridgers made an address on the ad
vantages of the membership in the
lodge. "Our Absent Brothers" was the
subject of an address by. C. A. KinkeL
The singing of "America" concluded the
WOUNDED WATCHMAN IS
tv a ctsnTni rnniTinv '
Information has been received from
Elephant Butte that watchman Hewitt,
who was attacked and wounded there,
is reported to be in a serious condition,
and little hope is held for his recovery.
The local immigration office has also
been notified that two Mexicans hae
been arrested 20 miles west of Palo mas.
and taken to Hillsboro. These men arc
supposed to be Juan Baron and Victor
Gloria, who disappeared from the dam
site immediately after Hewitt was shot
and stabbed Wednesday night.
SVUSAGE AD EGGS AT POSTOFFICK
A couple of hunks of home made
sausage and a dozen eggs are at the
postofflce spoiling for someone to
claim them and consume then). They
were mailed by parcels post without
Britain chooses to assert that they do,
the question will be raised whether
the United States is bound by that
treaty to take into account and to
collect tolls from American vessels.
But to date, he observes, nothing mare
substantial upon which to predicate
action has made its appearance than a
X S. Will Aid Inquiry.
Secretary Knox realises that England
may want to inquire into the matter
to see -if its shipping actually is
harmed, and indirectly offers to aid in
that inquiry. He says that if such
an inquiry leaves a doubt in the Eng
lish mind, the matter could then be
submitted to a commission of inquiry
for examination, and that if there is
Still fmiinJ fA ( a ava t H
lomatic phases of the controversy it
might be submitted to a joint high
commission, as provided for in the un
ratified arbitration treaty.
While many Americans believe that
the American note is an effective
answer to the British contentions so
far as they were set forth in the Inns
and Grey notes, there are others who
believe that our canal policy is vio
lative of the rights of'Sngland. and
that particularly are we in error if
we assume that the United States may
discriminate on all its shipping against
the shipping of Great Britain. And
it seems very probable, from the gen
eral tenor of the English correspond
ence, in which so many points In favor
of the United States are conceded,
that Britain's protest is not so much,
after all. against our rights to ex
empt coastwise traffic, as it is a
service of notice that it would be
wholly displeased if the United States
should ever assume that it is not one
of the "all nations" which are in
cluded in the neutrality and equal priv
ilege Idea of the Hay-Pauncefote
Trest All Xslnn Alike.
Si.gland doubtless realises that the.e
seems to be a growing inclination in
the United States to assume that stm.c
we built the canal we are entitled
to give American ships of every kind
any exemptions we are minded to. and
to feel that so long as we give the
same treatment to the vessels of the
several foreign nations we will be
observing the letter of the Hay-Pauncefote
treaty Read in the light of
their admissions and concessions, it
seems that the British notes are, per
haps, more of a service of notice that
such a construction of the treaty -will
not be acquiesced in, than a protest
against the exemption of coastwise
Some of those who welcome the
British protest do it because they feel
that the principle of exempting coast
wise traffic from toll charges is un
warranted either by reason of the re
turns it will vield to the people who
paid for the canal, or to the subside
it will give to coastwide traffic, which
alread has a monopoly of American
Tomorrow t'omoiissioner Johnson s
i PRESIDENT VTOES
Legiilatlon Is Considered by Congress
to rrneat Heteli Halting Rates
Daring the Inaugural.
Washington. D. C. Feb. 14. Presi
dent Taft today vetoed the Burnett
Dillingham immigration MIL In a br-ef
special message in his own handwriting
which he rushed to the senate late to
day, he set out the reasons for his
The literary test was vigorously op
posed by many foreign governments
which had lodged protests against oth
er provisions, whieh the claimed weie
in violation of treaty rights.
Pass Vrmy Vpproiirlatlon Bill.
Senator Brlstow declared the war
army officers "flitted about Washing
ton in government automobiles was
scandalous'" when the army appropria
tion bill came up today, and offered
an amendment to limit army vehicles
here to those drawn by mules or mo
tor trucks. Mule drawn carriages, h
thought, would reduce their desire to
Senator Townsend wanted to know
why the Kansas senator did not limit
it to oxen, tne senate, nowever. votea
down the mule proposition, which had
21 votes in its favor, and passed the
bill, which provides $352,400 for the
enlargement of Fort Bliss. Texas.
Senate Disagrees on Dam BIIL
Two futile attempts to reach an
agreement for a vote on the Connecti
cut river dam bill were made toda
in the senate. "We are not only darn
ing the Connecticut river, but we are
darning the nation's business," de
clared senator Brandegee after it had
been suggested that the measure was
obstructing other business. The sen
ate is still working as on the legisla
tive day on last Tuesday and prob
ably will do so until the dam bill is
The senate resumed debate on the
array appropriation bill.
The District of Columbia appropria
tion bill was reported.
The interestate commerce commit t.
considered the railroad valuation bill
The rivers and harbors appropriation
bill was reported.
Prohibit Increased Rates.
The Johnson bill to prohibit Wash
ington hotels, boarding houses and res
taurants from raising their prices for
the inauguration, and extending the
same restrictions to cabs and taxi cab
with penalty of a fine of $100 for each.
violation, was favorably reported to
day to the house and an effort will t-
made to have it considered under a
In the house southwestern traffic
was the subject of the shipping trust
The territories committee heard the
Alaskan plea for legislation permitting
entrymen to prove coal claims in court
The house passed tha. diplomatic and
consular appropriation bill carrying
$3,764,642. It then began debate on
the annual pension appropriation b'll,
DEATHS AND BUEIALS
t FRANCIS R, BRBNNAX.
Francis R. Brennan who came he-e
from Buffalo. X. Y., six weeks agi.
died at a local hospital, and the bouv
was shipped back to Buffalo, where b
leaves a widow. He was 4$ years of
K. K. MORSE.
E E Morse, a native of Mansfield.
Mass.. died at a local hospital at the
age of 40 years. The body will be
shipped to his former home, where he
leaves a widow. He had been ba El
Paso only a month and was a health
VDDIO P. DUPIS.
Addio P Dupls, a merchant of Boeuf,
La died at a local hospital Thursda'"
at the asie of 38 years. The body wi3
shipped to his former home, where ha
leaves a widow. He had been he
but four months and was a health
seeker He was an Elk and a Wood
man. B. C. BURNETT.
B. C Burnett, of Shawnee. Okla.. died
at a local hospital Thursdav at the a?
of 28 year His wife and child and his
brother John Burnett, will take the
body to Shawnee for Interment He
had lived in Kl Paso only three month',
having come here in search of heatlh
MRS. TOMASO HERNANDEZ. JB
Mrs Tomaso Henandez. 37 years if
age. died at her home, 1305 East Third
street Thursday night. Funeral ser
vices will be held at St. Ignatius
church Saturday morning at 8 ocloclt
and interment will be made in Concor
dia Catholic cemeterv
SANTA rni' PERES.
Santa Cruz Perez, 7S years of age
who for many years was well known
among the higher class Mexicans of the
city, died at a local hospital Thursday
The funeral was held from the Sacred
Heart church Friday afternoon and In
terment made in Concordia Catholic
MRS. FRtVNCISCA VALDIVBZ.
Mrs. Francises, Valdivek. who for i
years had made El Paso her home di 1
at her residence, 911 Park street
Thursday night at the age of 78 yeat
She is survived by a large family. Fu
neral services were held at St. Ignatius
church Friday morning and interment
was made in Concordia Catholic ceme-
MRS. M VRCARKT H. POTTBR.
Mrs. Margaret Hall Potter, who was
born in Boston. Mass as -......., .,
kdied at a local hospital Thursday. She
.""c(i ov ner son, F c. Snvder
3ni rf,!, ln, El Paso Thp funeral
31 .i. C el.d trom the chapel at 70S
North Stanton street Saturday after
noon at i 30 and will be in !,.. e
in the Masonic cemetery.
MRS. M YRTHA H. ROBERTSON.
Mrs Martha Hayt Roberston who
was born in Corning. NY in 1S5'
VLeT me in ?he Lucerne Flats
J YS.' 0Pneumnia was the cause
of death Surviving her are her hu
5 ' " Roberston. and her son
George C Robertson She bad visited
her son here since last October ari
during the time she lived here ha,i
been active in church work rfhe w
a director of the Young Women's
Ch,r,,ltlan "jsocurtion Funeral serv ,c 4
will be held in the chapel at 508 Texa
ff m k oeIOSlt Satrda afternoon
and will be conducted by Rev Charles
L. Overstreet. The bodv will b
placed in a receiving- vault .. i-
be shipped to Buffalo, X Y , for inter
JOB nARRIJIAX DBNIBS
STATEMENTS OF PRUfKLlV
Los Angeles. CaMt. Feb. 14 Job Har
riman. formerly associated with Clar
ence S. Darrow in the defence of th.
McNamara brothers, continued on th
witness stand today at the trial, on a
Jury bribery charge, of the former chief
counsel for the dynamiters. Harnman
denied manv statements made by Bert
H. Franklin. the McNamara de
fence detective, who confessed hay me
bribed jurors ln the trial of James B
McNamara, and declared he had done
so at Darrow's instigation.
CONFESSES KILLING? StRREMJERS
Btlljngs. Mont, Feb 14 Declaring
that he had killed a Mexican in south
eastern Wyoming last summer and
wished to be taken back to answer to
Ui h5lre' a man- Siting hi, name as
Vi E Poer, walked Into theoUce tl
tion today and gave himself up. He de
clared the killing was In self defence
"e aid the killing took place on ,
rmeh 60 miles from Evanston, WJO,