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THIRTY-SECOND YEAR OF PUBLICATION
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ington, D. C. and New York. .,,,,. ,
Published by Herald News Co, Inc.: H. D. Slater (owner of 55 percent) President. J. C,
"WTlmarth (owner of 20 percent) Manager: the remaining 25 percent Is owned anions
13 stockholders who are as follows: H. I CapeU. H. B. Stevens. J. A. Smith. J. J.
Mundy. Waters Davis. H. A. True. McGlennon estate, W. F. Payne. K. C Canby. U. A.
Martin. Felix Martinez. A. Ll Sharpe. and John P. Ramsey.
AN INDEPENDENT DAILY NEWSPAPER
DEDICATED TO THE SERVICE OF THE PEOPLE, THAT NO GOOD CAUSE SHALL
LACK A CHAMPIOH, AND THAT EVIL SHALL NOT THRIVE UNOPPOSED.
H. D. Slater, Editor-in-Chief and ceatreUiag ewaer, has directed The Herald for 15 Tears;
G. A. Martin is News Editor.
t PASO HERALD
Editorial and Magazine Page
Thursday, February Twenty-seventh, 1913-
NEVADA -street's parkway will booh be a reality, on certain blocks at any
rate.. The Nevada Street Parking association whkbyhas been formed to
enable the city te deal with property owners through some recognized
authority, is hard at work rounding up -the various owners; and the work, unfor
tunately, is much harder than it should be, because of a few. Most of the property
owners oa the street have eagerly grasped the opportunity to improve theii prop
erty by parking the street. They see what immense advantages the parking gives,
and they are shrewd enough to osmprehend that the value they actually gain by
the parking is many times in fact at least 20 tiraes the arpouat of the small in
That statement is literally true an investment of $50 in parking, provided
the street be improved uniformly, means an increase of $1000 in the selling or
renting value of a home on the street This was illustrated a short time ago in
the case of Nevada street; a certain owner had a corner lot which he had been
trying for a long time to sell, but could sot get a nibble; he objected to the parking
because he did not want to go to the slight extra expense; his lot was unattractive
to home makers because of its surroundings. Then the parking plan came along;
a home maker prospecting for a location saw the possibilities of the corner lot;
he made an offer and the deal was quickly closed at a better price than the owner
had expected, although the lot had gone begging for years. And the sale was due
solely to the parking work going on. The new owner at once signed np for the
parking, and began general improvements about his place, and it will soon be one
of the most attractive corners on the street.
One objector contended that he was sow getting only 4 percent out of his
property. He could not see that, once the street were parked and made an at
tractive place of residence, it would be put on a par with Rio Grande street, and
even Montana; instead of being a neglected "back street" it would become one of
the choicest residence streets in El Paso. He could not see this, so he refused to
sign up for the parking and will be passed by. There is an easy way to force an
owner to pay his share of maintenance after the parking is constructed, but so far
no way has been found, except voluntary contribution, to make up the fund for
the first cost of packing. It must be kept in mind by property owners on streets
where parking is planned, that the whole cost of parking, including building a new
curb on the sew line, and including all grading and planting, is much lesthan the
cost of paving the corresponding area.
Property owners, it would seem, would all be sharp enough to see that by
the street parking plan they are actually adding to the available depth of their
lots, by adding to the front end a strip of parking which, while belonging to the
city, may be used for a children's playground, and which has the same effect as
setting back the house another ten feet. This is surely "something for nothing,"
if that is what folks are looking for.
The first cost of parking is about half what it would cost to pave an equal
area. The cost of maintenance under the cooperative system is about one-third
what it would cost a single individual to keep up the same plot of lawn and trees.
Street parking is the cheapest, simplest, most serviceable, and best. way to im
prove the appearance and the homeyness of El Paso. It puts a playground for
the little children right at every family's door, it makes living more comfortable,
it increases the value of abutting property, it relieves the glare from the roadway,
it moderates the summer heat, it abates the dust nuisance, it sets the street traffic
further away from the house, it breaks the winds in all seasons, it makes it easier
to grow flowers, trees, and grass in adjacent private yards, it conserves moisture,
it costs almost nothing to maintain, and it all helps to put El Paso in the class
with the most beautiful cities of the west.
The parking will not be constructed on any street until the money to cover
the first cost is actually in the city treasury. When the first -cost fund is made
up, the city takes charge of the work in all details, completes it, and thereafter
maintains it- Nevada street owners who have sot come into the plan, and who
do not wish to have their property left in such shape as to damage it and every
thing else oa the street, may. pay their prorata share to the Nevada Street Parking
rsscciation and thus come into the plan. Any street in El Paso is at liberty to
adopt the Rio Grande street plan.
STJREUY companies, which makes bonds for money-handling officers of banks
and other institutions, report a marked falling off of defalcations since race
track gambling was outlawed and banished from nearly all the states. The
Insurance Press, one of the authoritative trade journals of the insurance business,
declares that formerly the losses among cashiers in mercantile business and among
bank employes by reason of race gambling and the resultant defalcations wjre a
heavy item in the loss aggregate of the surety companies.
The poolrooms operated in numerous cities were held responsible as well as the
great central gambling institutions themselves; in fact the poolrooms probably
caught more of the minor employes than the racetracks themselves. Says the In
surance Press, "When these men lost they sometimes succumbed to the temptation
to 'borrow' from the cash drawer, and they seldom found themselves able to repay
the loan through the medium of subsequent winnings. The amount of the shortage
varied from a few hundred dofiars to $1500 on the average."
El Paso is getting its share of this sort of thing. Not a few cases of the sort
axe compromised without ever being made a matter of court record or public prose
cution. The race "game" as conducted in Juarez is simply and solely a gambling
institution; it has no other aim or purpose.
Never before has any newspaper attempted to cover the political, capital, and
legislative sews of Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas as the El Paso Herald is cover
ing it now. In addition to the regular sources of sews, The Herald has its own
special correspondents at Phoenix, Santa Fe, Austin, and Washington. The service
is independent and nonpartisan, reliable and comprehensive, and The Herald's re
ports are read with interest in the capitals themselves because they are recognized
as impartial accounts of events and recording of public sentiment.
Houston square has a "sunken garden" and a "cascade," but nothing has ever
grown in the gardes and no water has ever gone over the cascade. Why would it
sot be possible to put in a well there, with a little pumping engine, that would
keep the water changing in the pool, and send a little trickling over the rocks of
the waterfall, and make the park more -of a beauty spot than ever? It is not
necessary to have water 100 percent pure for this purpose, and the well and pump
may solve the problem of economical water supply.
14 Years Ago To day
i From The Herald This Sate 1S09.
Editor J. H. Lightfoot is in the city
from Alamogordo, te spend a few
J. H. Ford returned to this city to
day, after a business trip to Alamo-
W. J. Harris, eounty commissioner,
came up from Ysleta this morning to
Mr. and Mrs. Kindell and W. Miller
itde for Los Angeles today over the
R. W. Corwin, connected with the
Colorado Fuel and Iron company,
went north this morning.
The following physicians have been
registered by the city clerk L. J.
famith, H. H. Stark and J. E. Victor.
The recital given at Chopin hall last
rugtat by Prof. Frank Fouche for the
benefit of the public school library.
was well attended.
Monroe -larper left this morninpfor
Casas Grandes on his way to the Dos
Cabezas nine, vhich was sold a f.-w
days ago fur JJlo.000, Mexican money.
Capt S. G. Bottes, a man who has
traerbed nearly every river on the
. ontinent from its nioutn o its source
ir bi" canoe, and who Maims to he
nm ,t o 11 wo-M
leaves for Kansas City In a few days
to take a position with the live stock
commission company of which J. H.
Nations has become a member.
The Lyceum Dramatic company met
at the opera house last night to re
hearse the plays which it is going to
present in the near future. The fol
lowing took part in the rehearsal:
Julius Krakauer, Gus Buckler, Lucy
Kneeland. Gertrude "Windsor Jos.
Crosby, Mrs. Inez Greig and Kate
This morning sometime before day
light robbers entered a restaurant on
South. El Paso street and helped them
selves -to everything tney could carry.
The robbers are becoming very bold
in the city. It was only a short time
ago that Murry's grocery store and
Krakauer, Zork & Moye's hardware
store were entered and goods taken.
"The Ruth Winterbotham Ceramic
club of EI Paso", was the name chosen
for the pottery club at yesterday's
meeting. No other name was even
suggested, as all the members 'were
anxious that the club should be hon
ored with Miss "Wmterbotham's name.
The second meeting was held at the
residence of Mrs. J. A. Eddy, with a
full attendance. ,
The county commissioner's court
at its regular session today granted
the petition for the registration N of
voters and ex-sheriff F. B. Simmons
was appointed refn-trar. The petition
of A G Fosttr that er -ors in asses$
m. tit in co-reclr 1 w.'s granted i
i. " "in i5a? .t " nt-d water cm
- . "ij-1 sj Etc m. Vi
The Boy Yith a Past
Thin One Seems Repentant and For
giveness Is Possible Advice
to the Lovelorn.
By Beatrice Fairfax.
T sometimes happens that a eat sets
a. bad name all its life for once
having eaten a. Tery tough canary.
It likewise has happened that a
young man has erred, and borne all
his life the burden of a bad name
though he was more aggrieved than
the agressor. .
Perhaps the following letter refers to
an incident of that character.
"I am coming to you foradvIce on a
Tery delibate and vital question. It is
not for myself I ask, but for a girl
friend. We confide in each other, but
a question like this needs more au
thority than we can give it.
"About a year ago we met a young
man who Is a trifle our senior. He has
always behaved In the most gentle
manly manner, respecting us In every
way. He is a young man with very
fpw Crlrl fripnilR TT tnlrl ire Via Iraatw
shy of girls, because he had got into
trouble with a certain girl, and evi
dently has the idea that all girls are
"I told my friend what I thought he
meant, and she doubted my word. Only
a few days ago she learned from good
authority that what I had said was
true. Now she is at loss to know what
to do. I know it will be hard for her
to give him up, as he is the only man
she has ever loved.
"She asked my opinion, and I told
her he had been misled and was unfor
tunate, and not to be condemned. She
Is a girl who could guide him aright, if
he were not already Inclined to be
have." The young man has been punished
so severely that the recollection of the
whipping stays with him, and there is
no fear that he will affend again. Hav
ing tasted humiliation, shame, disgrace
and degradation, and appreciated all
their bitterness, it is very certain that
the experience will not be repeated.
Hts Good behavior.
The Dast cant b undone Tint
little lack of charity, a verdict too
severe, or a condemnation greater than
the crime, might be the young man's
moral undoing. If he has been the vic
tim of injustice, there should be no
more of $t If. on the other hand he
was more the sinner than the one
sinned against charity at least de
mands that his subsequent good be
havior be placed to his credit, and he
be given another chance.
"EVER TOO IjATE.
Dear Miss Fairfax:
I am a young man of IS and have a
fair education. I -worked in a drug
store until now. but I hate the business.
ro you think it is too late to try some
other trade? W. S.
If you dislike your occupation
change, even if you are older than 18
and a change means the bottom of the
ladder. No man makes a success of
the calling he dislikes. If he does, it
is at a sacrifice greater than any re
wards. Know your own mind before"!
you adopt another calling, and don't
change your mind so often that you
become a tramp -workman.
A FOOLISH GIRL.
Dear Miss Fairfax:
I am in love with a young man who
is one year my junior and I know he
likes me, but I think he is too short
for me to go with. I talk to him a lot.
but I wouldn't go out with him. yet
he always asks me to. He knows I go
out with other men and often wonders
why I do not go out with him. I like
him the best of all.
A Constant Reader.
You like him best of all, but refuse
to go with him because he is short
of stature! My dear, you are throwintr
away your chance at happiness. An inch
too much, or an inch too little of
physical stature, should not count if
his heart, his brain and hts morals are
GIVE HIM A CHANCE.
Iear Miss Fairfax:
I had been keeping company with a
boy about two months, when be had
to so to Massachusetts. He promised
to be true and write to me. He has been
away about a month. I haven't hearer
from him. ills friends and brother
haven't heard either. -His brother told
me that his mother wrote to him that
his brother hurt his band and was com
ing home, which was last week, but he
hasn't come. Marion.
Don't jump at conclusions that are
unjust to him. There is every indica
tion that for some reason he has been
unable to write. .Wait, and I am sure
he will explain your suspicions away.
Dear Miss Fairfax:
I am in lore with a rich young man,
and being very poor, cannot reach him.
"Will you please let me know how I can
win him? B. A. B.
If his wealth is his attraction for you,
don't try to win him. Such a mercen
ary spirit demeans you.
If be loves you he will woo you. and
unless he loves you. you would not be
happy with him with all his money.
THE ONLY REMEDY.
Dear Miss Fairfax:
I am a girl of 18 years and I am very
much in love with a boy of 23. I don't
know whether he loves me or not. Al
though he has never professed his lore
for me. he calls-and I go with him of
ten. .Some people say he is engaged,
but I don't believe it, for he told me
he wasn't. Please tell me how to make
.him fall in love with me. Ruth.
There is no way to make a man fall
in love with you. If you are natural
and he does not fall in love, then be
thankful, for you cannot act all your
life to keep him in love with you. even
if you should win him by- wiles. A
woman must bear in mind that she
wishes to keep the man in love with
her after marriage.
YOU'RE NOT IX LOVE.
Dear Miss Fairfax:
I am a young girl of 17 years and am
now in love with a boy of about three
years my senior. He doesn't know me,
but I know him. I am not popular with
the boys, but am with the girls. I want
to know how to make myself behave.
I fall in love with every good looking
boy or man that comes along. I flirt
with them and have fun with them,
but that's all. How is it that I feel as
If I could never have a good time er live
with them even if I am as young as I
am? As soon as they are away I re
member them only a little while, then
forget. But how can I resist being so
deeply in love all of a sudden and then
get over it so quickly. I have never
heard of such cases before, but I know
it is love. Perplexed.
You are not in love; you are only
foolish. Love does' not light up at
sight of each new face, neither does it
die in a moment. Real, true love lasts
forever. Your foolishness will make
trouble for you if you are not careful.
"When you are really in love, you will
know it; as long as you feel as you do
now, and a new face can readily take
the place of the old, you can rest as
sured that you are not in love.
GALILEO'S TRISOX SONG.
Though you fear me. though you doubt
I shall win, whatever befall;
Though you jeer me, though you flout
Truth and I against you all!
Though you bend me, though you break
Time and I against you all;
Time and truth at last shall make me
Lord of you who am your thralL
Though you chain me. though you burn
Y. t thi earth though that befall,
Mo-ws nd though - ou dannt nv an-)
t jrn rn.
It st 'i r3u " - i l
Ajtbcr I nknuTEE.
After all, tier's somethin nice about
workin' in a saw mill an' not carin' who's
elected. Dr. Mopps's whiskers were 21
inches long th' fifth 0' this month an' his
wife gave him a scarf pin.
An Animal Story
For Young Folks.
THE snow smothered everything
into silence; that is the mys
teriotis ghostly way of snow. It
had snowed all day In short, sharp
nurries, sna us art, tne Knife blade
"nor'easter," had helped It, but they
could not silence the revellers. Every
where the marshes had been dotted
with muffled, laughing figures plodding
and playing knee deep the high pitched
song of skates filled the air. trying to
drown tne angry mutter of the sea on
a shallow shore.
One of the last of the skaters to
plod home through the snow along the
road that led to the marshes, suddenly
turned, and pointed Into the darkening
sky. He had seen, for an instant flap
ping in from the eastern sea. 'some
great, silent, whjte thing flying. As
he turned to follow it with his eyes, it
crossed the last lingering ray of light
in the west and became a dim sil
houette. Then it vanished into the
One of the party suggested that it
was a wild swan, but was silenced by a
friend who stated that swans' wings
-"make a noise like a music box" which
they do whereas the wings of this
ghost thing made no sound at all.
Further argument was, however cut
short by one of the party stumbling
over a clump of brown and withered
rushes, and by the apparition there
from of a rudely awakening .and very
much startled hare, who bolted for all
she was worth westward into the dusk,
leaving behind a little yell from the
skaters to help her on her way.
Then suddenly the shout was silenced.
and the men looked at one another, as
Indeed they might, for scarcely had the
hare vanished into the mist of the fall
ing snow, than there sounded noon the
air a long and piercing and a most pa
thetic scream. It was like the scream
una a most pa
ike the scream
en in distress,
imething. I'm ,
which a hare makes when
"That hare, said the
nas been caught by some
going to see. May get a free dinner,
after alL" '
Suddenly the skater stopped dead
with a gasp. Through the gloom ahead
had come a long rasping hiss, and two
huge, fiery eyes turned suddenly in
his direction. Behind the eyes he could
just dimly make out a great, padded.
white form, with vast wings that
flickered but made no sound.
The skater shouted for help. And, In
a flash, the apparition had vanished.
leaving behind the hare, lying stone
dead, with her heart pierced on either
side as if by a stiletto. Then the
skater grabbed the hare and fled, as
fast as he could flounder, back to the
road. He had seen a ghost at last, a
real one, and did not wish to see it
An hour later, a wildfowler one of
those east coast marshmen. who eke out
a precarious livelihood by killing the
various kinds of wary, hardy fowl
crouching behind a gateway beside a
pool, wafting for wilk duck, heard sud
denly that quick whistle of wings which
foretells the approach of any of the
duck kind. The man, with numbed
hands, raised his heavy muzzzle loader.
There came a chorus of terrified
quacks, and a frantic whistling of fear
driven pinions swerving wildly, and
climbing madly into the heavens. At
the same moment a fine, plump drake,
came hurtling down, and hit the half
frosen water with a splash, and the
wild fowler could see that he lay there
The wildfowler lowered his gUn in
a hurry, but it was not he who had
killed the bird. He had not fired at
all, had not touched the trigger even.
The drake had just, apparently, been
killed by nothing or by a ghost
The last impossible Idea had barely
crossed the superstitious man's mind
when he became conscious that he was
not alone. It was a sort of feeling that
gripped him. The wild duck flock had
gone, truly, but he was not alone.
Something else was there also, some
The exclamation was spoken as the
man looked up, checked some great
white shape that was suddenly hover
ing in the pale moonlight above the
pool above the duck, in fact. It
heard the voice. It paused. It turned
its great head and Blared down upon
the dumbfounded wildfowler with huge,
Raucer like, flaming eyes. An angry hiss
like the hiss of some big snake,
sounded through the gloom, and before
you could wink, the spooklike form was
gone so was the wildfowler in the op
Somewhat later, silent as an evil
spirit, a great white shape flapped out
of the tnow shower that was just
passing, and settled soundly on the
open snow by the shore. It was the
white ghost which had already given a
powerful fright to two men that night
The moon burst out just thou, Turn
ing everything to silver, and showed
moving swiftly downwards on a long
slant across the heavens, a huge black
wedge, or inverted V. It was an im
mense "gaggle" of the big, grey wild
geese of the north.
Till then the white figure on the
snow, which looked as if it ware
swathed in layers and layers of cotton
wool, had remained motionless as a
figure carved in marble. Now, how
ever the ghost form rose, and as the
moon caught it, one could realise for
the first time the enormous size of Its
long pinions, and had time to wonder
at the absolute silence with which they
beat the air, so different from the
rush of the wings of the geese, which
could be beard afar off.
Then a man ran, stumbling falling.
sliding, muttering. The white ghost
met him with flaming eyes and a
deadly warning hlssf Next moment It
was up and coming at him, its beak
snapping with fury
The man stopped, flung up his gun and
fired. Then he ducked as the great
white form, all spread eagled and
clutching, went whirling pa;t over his
hiad and fell, coughing in almost
iiip f -rum n the snow some yards
bi r- rd h 'i
'1 'Tv r.Ts i tbr terror f the
ivi j - laj Jr on tuc troai.
Cooperative Mark e t i n g
Fruit Growers, Truck Growers and
Farmers Organize to Sell
N Their Crops.
- By Frederic J. Hankln
ASHINGTON. D. C, Feb. 27 The
department of agriculture has
prepared a list of the princi
pal farmers' organizations which have
been established for the purpose of co
operative marketing the products of
their farms and orchards. A synopsis
of the methods of these various organ
izations is given, and the results
achieved thereunder are outlined. Cal
ifornia ranks first among the states in
the matter of co-operative selling or
ganizations, and the Atlantic seaboard
states show a large number of organi
zations which have been handling farm
products with a high degree of suc
cess. California Exchange
One of the most interesting and
widely known of the co-operative sell
ing organizations is the California
Fruit Growers' exchange. The annual
orange and lemon crop of California
amounts to some 20.900.IMX) boxes or
50,000 carloads. There are from 10,000
to 12,000 orange and lemon growers in
the state, four-fifths of whom are
members of co-operative selling organ
izations. Sixty per cent of these are
federated in the California Fruit Grow
ers' exchange. This association acts
as a clearing house for the crops of the
6,500 affiliated growers, providing the
facilities for distributing and market
ing the fruit
There are three foundation stones
upon which the federation is based:
First of these is the local association,
which corresponds to the county gov
ernment in our political system. A
number of these local associations form
a district association, which corre
sponds to the state government These
district associations in turn form the
exchange, which corresponds to fhe
federal government Each district ac
sociat!6n has a right to control its own
affairs so long as they do not con
flict with the constitution and laws of
the exchange, and each local associa
tion can do as it pleases, within the
bounds of the constitutions and laws
of the exchange and of the district
association of which it is a member.
"Work Done at Actual Coat
The services of all these associations,
from the small local up to the big
central exchange, are rendered to the
members of the association at actual
cost The entire net proceeds, after
actual expenses are deducted, go to the
growers themselves. The exchange
comprises 115 local associations, each
of which has from -10 to 200 members.
Each local association is organized so
that the fruit grown by its members
may be assembled in a packing house
where a manager, acting under a board
of directors, grades, cools, packs and
prepares it for shipment Each grow
er receives his proportionate share of
the net proceeds of each grade of fruit
sold. Many of the associations pick.
the fruit and some of them prune and
fumigate the trees for their members.
When a carload Is assembled it is mar
keted through the district exchange of
which the local association is a mem
ber, through, the agents and facilities
which the central exchange provides.
There are 17 district exchanges. They
order the cars and see that they are
correctly placed for loading; they keep
a record of the cars shipped by each
association; they receive the returns
for the fruit sold from the central ex
change and turn it over to the local as
sociations. RuHlness on Cash Basis
The central exchange has a capital
of S 17,000, and is managed by 17 direc
tors, through a general manager. Etch
district has one director. The central
exchange has a bonded agent in each
of the principal markets of thecountry,
from whom it receives regular tele
graphic advices as to market condi
tions and carload sales. These advices
are issued to the local associations in
daily bulletin. Business is done on a
cash basis, prompt accountings being
The exchange takes care of all liti
gation arising out of the marketing of
the fruit handles all claims, conducts
an extensive citrus fruit advertising
campaign, and develops new markets.
Every shipper reserves the right to
regulate and control "his own ship
ments, to develop his own brands, to
use his own judgment as to when,
where, how and at what price he shall
sell, even in competition with his fel
"Walnut Growers Organised
The California Walnut Growers' as
sociation renders about the same serv
ice to the walnut growers of southern
California as is rendered to the citrus
fruit growers by the Fruit Growers"
exchange. The general association is
made up of members of local 'ones. The
central body has made uniform rules
for grading and bleaching. The wal
nuts must be passed oVer a screen with
meshes one inch in diameter. All
which pass over are"No. 1," and ths
which go through are "No. 2." They
must be free from stains and blemishes
and the "crack" of these nuts must
shoVv that at least S6 per cent nave
These two associations are typical
of a large number of selling organiza
tions in California.
Co-operative Stock Company
Another type of co-operative organi
zation for the marketing of crops is
the Grand Junction (Col.) Fruit Grow
ers' association. It Is a stock com
pany composed exclusively of ' fruit
growers, with a membership of 1000.
Its objects are to market fruit pro
duced by its members advantageously;
-to broaden the deciduous fruit market;
to encourage better methods of grow
ing, and to grade the fruit that is
shipped. It furnishes Its men-.brs with
all the supplies necessary for the prop
er maintenance of their orchards, such
as spraying machines, spraying mate
rials, boxes, fertilizer and nails.
Experts are employed to teach the
members proper methods of growing
spraying, picking and packing their
fruit The association handles its own
distribution and sales. It sells direct
to the wholesale fruit dealers through
It own broker representatives. Its
charges are made on the basis of cost
for icing, refrigeration and such items,
and 7 per cent of the net proceeds aftr
these items are deducted.
Handling the Melon Crop
The Rocky Ford Melon Rrmran' .-
soclation markets canteloupes only It
pays its distributing ageney 12 1-2 "per
cent on the gross proceeds of the sales,
and the office expenses amount to
about 2 1-2 per cent
The Florida Citrus Fruit exchange Is
the representative Florida co-operative
organization. It is described as a non
profit, co-operative corporation, made
up of wheels within wheels, and hav
ing headquarters at Tampa. Its func-
tion ! , th Senenl sales agent
of all the local associations embraced
in its membership. It is organized aft
er the manner of the big California
Fruit Growers' exchange, having its
local associations. Its sub-exchanges
and Us general exchange. The local
association picks, hauls, grades and
packs the fruit and places it in :he
cars ready for shipment The sub-exchange
takes the loaded car and de
livers It .to the exchange which dis
tributes, sells and collects the monev.
Crop Sold at Auction
The United States and Canada .re
divided into num. rous sales distri ts,
each presided over by a sales agent,
who must de ote himself exclusively
to the sale of exchange products Tn
the big markets the exchange main
tains salaried men who place the fruit
on the auction ,r 'K, t and reprrj n'
the exihansi inti th mon. i"? i '
I. t- ' It '- '! 1 1 ' 1 it T I'1 -r -.
0", I1' ! 1 ' 1)11 t IS ' '
Of s Un0 'ip - s u stnbuti a j '
Rochester, N. Y,
Br GEORGE FITCH.
Author of "At Good Old Slwaslf.
ROCHESTER, is a town of 225,000
people, hidden away between Buf
falo and New York City on the
Xew York Central railway. It was
founded by the falls of the Genesee
river, which at this point descends over
200 feet in three daring leaps, and which
provided horse power for the flour mills
of Xew York state when the steam en
gine was still ikl its feeble and spluttery
Rochester is divided into six segments
like a cherry pie, by the Genesee rivr,
the Erie canal and the four-track New
York Central. The Genesee elbows its
way through the business part and com
pels the Erie canal to eross it on a high
stone viaduct Hardy mariners regard
Rochester with terror, and always equip
themselves with parachutes while their
canal boats are crossing on this dizzy
Rochester prides iteelf oa having 1798
j.vn.., w. . ,-- -i rt
with smoke consumers, it makes more
cameras tnan any ocner city ana pro-
duces tram loads of shoes, ilour, car
riages and nursery stock each month.
Rochester factories stand in grassy
f "Hardy mariners equip themselves with
parachutes when their canal boats are
crossing the dizzy edifice.''
parks and have landscape gardeners.
The result is so ornamental that Roches
ter may soon place factories along its
boulevards in order to improve the resi
Rochester has a university, a theo
logical seminary and less politics than
any other New York city. It will be
one of the stations on the new Erie
canal and will some day be a seaport on
Lake Ontario, having already advanced
to within a few miles of the lake shore.
It points with pride to its eaurehes,
banks and parks, and also to the faet
that the Twentieth Century Limited
hesitates briefly while passing through
the city. It is situated in the middle
of the apple and scenery- districts of
western New Yock and can be lived ia
with pleasurable result.-:', even by par
ticular people. In 1920 it will have 300,-
000 citizens and. a union station for
canal boats on the new barge line.
(Uopynghted by George Matthew
consumption from three to ten fold.
Divert Cars to Best Market
Careful attention is paid to market
conditions, and fruit is shipped north
with the understanding between the
exchange and the railroads that it may
be diverted at any time. For instance,
several carloads of fruit have reached
Potomac yards at Washington en route
to Xew York. Telegraphic advices
show that the market conditions In
Gotham will be bad when the. rrive:
thereupon the exchange telegraphs the
railroad to divert these cars to Cincin
nati or to Pittsburg. There are a num
ber of diversion points where this
mav be done, so that a car need never
take a long chance of running into a
Track Growers Co-Operate
The Eastern Shore Produce exchange
of Virginia handles the bulk of the
market products of some 3000 eastern
shore farmers, residing upon some ,00
square miles of territory on the Vir
ginia peninsula. It handles upward of
2,000,000 separate packages of truck a
year, most of the packages being full
barrels. Some 5000 carloads of pota
toes, 2S0 carloads of strawberries, 150
carloads of cabbage, and other produce
In proportion, are sent to market each
year. Last year the gross receipts
amounted to about $3,000,900.
Sales on Commission
Any farmer may purchase the right
to have his produce handled by the as
sociation for $1 a year. The exchange
maintains a private telephone exchange
through which it is in constant touch
with each of its U shipping stations.
Bach day a careful investigation of
the supply in sight is made and a sim
ilar study of the demand. Thus the
products are always placed where the
best prices prevail. The exchange
charges a commission of S per cent on
the goods that measure up to the stand
ard to command Its brand, and 3 per
cent on produce that cannot be mar
keted .under its brand.
Throughout the country there are
producers' associations of all kinds for
helping the farmer to get a fair price
for his products, and their members
have little reason to be dissatisfied
with the prices they get But even
then. It Is probably safe to estimate
that the price at which the exchanges
sell Is but little more than half the
price the consumer pays.
Tomorrow: Consumers' associations.
Letters to The Herald.
f All communications must bear the
signature of the writer, but the name
will be withheld if requested.
INSIGNIA OF OFFICERS.
El Paso. Tex, Feb. 24. 113.
Editor Ei Paso Herald:
Since we have the army everywhere
evident in this section you would con
fer a favor on many or your readers by
informing us as to the insignia of rank
worn by the United States officers. I
have heard a number of discussions a
to the significance of the different
shoulder ornaments worn and, like
many others, not Mtesowians, would like
"to be shown."
(An officer without anything on his
shoulder is a second lieutenant; one bat
on the shoulder? is a first lieutenant:
two. a captain, a sold leaf is a major:
a silver leaf, a lieutenant colonel; an
eagle, a colonel a star, a brigadier gen
eral. On the overcoat sleeves a second
lieutenant has no braid; a first lieuten
ant one stripe of black braid; a cap
tain, two. a major, three; a lieutenant
colonel, four and a colonel, five. Ed
judse heard that
1 b. . n hiti hal f
o rl releas., il h.
1 2 il i.ke Cfcu'j. ;
!. r il
The Poor, Winning Women
Though They See Husbnnds Slaving
for Them, They Reproach Them Be
cause They Do Xot Give Tlare.
By Dorothy Dlx
F he man whose attentions are
without intentions, and who wins
a woman s heart just to amass
himself with it for an hour, is entitled
to the medal for the meanest man, if
the meanest girl is the grafting girl
who makes a young man spend more
upon her than he can afford, even
though he has to defraud others to get
the money: what type'of wife is the
I think It is the whining and com
The wife who is flirtatious and
fond of the admiration of other men
must give her husband many a bad
quarter of an hour; the wife who is
wasteful and extravagant must be an
aggravation to the man's soul as well
as to his pocketbook; the high tem
pered wife must make a husband re
gret that he belongs to that grade of
society where it is not etiquette to use
a club on the partner of your bosom;
the wife who nags must reconcile the
man who has got her to the brevity of
life and make him long for the peace
and quiet of the grave.
AH of These. ThougS. nave some ne-
j Btlt all oC the8 faulty, wives have
some redeeming -virtue.
t tor is as fascinating to her husband as
she is to other men. The waster ana
the spendthrift is sure to be easy-going,
and laughter-loving, and generous na
tured. The high-tempered woman is
almost invariably a real helpmate, full
of energy, "who works herself to death
for her husband ana children, whilst
oftener than not the very source of a
wife's nagging is her over-devotion to
her husband and her ceaseless anxiety
Therefore, a man may be occasionally
green-eyed .with jealousy, or harrassed
with bills, or tremble at the thought of
the curtain lecture, and the questions
he is due to face at home, and yet find
some savor in matrimony.
Not so he who has had the misfor
tune to espouse the daughter of the
horse leech, who B forever crying:
"More! More! More!" She is heart
less, pitiless, conscienceless, with veins
that run ice water instead of blood,
and the only emontion he ever expe
riences is that of insatiable greed.
Husband Only a Cash Register.
To her a husband is nothing but a
money making machine, valuable only
in proportion to the dollars he can. turn
out If he dies she is reconciled by the
insurance money, or the prospect that
opens up to her of marrying some oth
er man who is an even better cash reg
ister. This predatory wife is as relentless
ly cruel as any Apache, for she tor
tures her husband to death by slow de
grees. She starves his heart for af-'
fection and appreciation. She breals
his spirit by her reproaches. She saps
his courage by making him feel that
he is a failure. She robs him of all the
reward of his toil by never being sat
isfied with the results.
The husband is doing his part He
is toiling like a dray horse from early
morning until dewy eve; he is denying
himself every little luxury and treat
that he would liKe to have for the sake
of his wife, and that she may have
pleasures he does not dream of indulg
ing in- He gives her the best of every
thing he has and more then he can
But when he comes home of an even
ing, -weary and spent with his hard
day's work, he finds a cross, disgrun
tled, dissatisfied wife, whose welcome is
a flood of reproaches because she can't
have what richer women have.
She bewails her clothes. She laments
'because she can't go to grand opera.
She beats upon her breast because she
can only have a two weeks' outing in
the summer instead of going for the
season. She continually calls her chil
dren's attention to the fact of What
poor, miserable creatures they are be
cause their father can't give them ev
ery indulgence that millionaire children
Because He Is Xot Successful.
"Worse still, she openly reproaches
her husband because he isn't as suc
cessful, and doesn't make as much mon
ey as some other man she knows, and
she lets him see that she considers' hist
aranfc failure, and herself tot be a mar
tyr because she is his wife.
Could any fate on earjh be more bit
ter than that of the man who hi liter
ally working himself into the grave for
his family, and who gets, in return for
all this heroic "-effort and sacrifice,
nothing but ingratitude and lack ojf ap
preciation from his wife, and is made te
feel that he has dragged her down ia
By "Walt Mason.
Tn Canada, the land I knew, when uf
from infancy 5 grew, they're chopping
down, the noble trees, and using all the
inland seas for waterpower for factories,
0 Canada, fair Canada! In Canada,
where roamed the bear, jay villages
pollute the air with smoke and germs
and things like those; where once the
unstained forest rose the housewife's
hanging out her clothes, O Canada, my
Canada! In sylvan groves where once
the owls were frightened by the gray
wolfs howls, the whiskered farmer builds
his shack and shapes his ugly forage
stack; the frontier's driven further back,
O Canada, sweet Canada! You see it all,
and nothing loath, you talk about your
greater growth! You see your beauties
fade away, the prairie flowers give place
to hay, the waterfalls grind what all
day, O Canada, proud Canada! In time
you doubtless will invade your Arctic
regions with a spade and shovel all the
snow away so that the greedy grangers
may plant squashes ia the fertile clay,
O Canada, swift Canada! You'll manu
facture brkks and tiles upon your
famous Thousand Isles, and harness
dowa the scented breeze that used to
wave a million trees, so it will manu
facture cheese, O Canada, great Canada!
The dear old Canada of yore! No man
shall see it evermore! The Canada of
lae romance, of woodland pomp and cir
cumstance, of mighty deed and parlous
chance, O Canada, old Canada!
THE FAR COUNTRY.
There was no shining street of gold.
But just a trail of green
Where grasses ran across the mold
ifesMe a oroos serene.
There were no amaranths of light.
Nor fadeless asphodels,
But just wee daisies shy and white
And violets ia the fells.
There were no ehtfiring cherubim.
But just a raptured lark
Made music on a nearby limb
From morning until dark
There were no pearly gates ajar
Nor throne from -glory sun
But just the quiet evening star.
And just the morning sun!
E. W. Mason, in the Craftsman.
"Our new citizens quickly pick un
merican ideas" "How now"" "I
isked the green bootblack on our block
if he wasn t some; home to fight, and
h ,- l" rre fi-t ''t- is paired with tha
T - h . runs the fruit stand."
-T S 1'aD.Jl B.1 1