Newspaper Page Text
EL PASO, TEXAS,
March 7, 1913 14 Pages
TWO SECTIONS TODAY
T'nsettled Tonight and Saturday
m ,S M &
RESERVATION GIRLS' IKS
SUBJECT f HIVES
PROBING TO HIE
Chief of Police and Numer
ous Officials of Depart
ment Are Called.
JUDGE CONSULTS ,
WITH GRAND JURY
POLICE chief L N. Davis, patrol
man 6. E. Fletcher, J. H. Key,
and Bill Glover, whose beat is
an the "district." were witnesses before
the grand jury Friday morning:. Fine
ollector Pat Powers, who taKes the
fitj's, toll from the habitues of the
reservation," was also a witness. In
new of the witnesses and the instruc
tions of judge & J. Isaacks, presiding
in the 34th district court, to the grand
jury to carry out the policy of the
grand jury wnlch closed down the "res
ervation." the beilef is that steps are
being taken for a second closing of
the "district" and a punishment for
those responsible for the reopening.
TLat the matter at least is being thor
oughly investigated is no longer in
Shortly after judge Isaacks opened
the 34tn district court at 9 o'clock Fri
day morning, and in face of an In
junction suit up before him for trial,
he left the bench and went to the
grand jurv room, where the members
w ere in session. While there were no
open instructions delivered by judge
Isaacks to the jury, It is believed that
ms Msit Friday morning was for the
purpose ot consultation on the "reser--ration"
matter At the time he in
sti ucted tne grand jury as to the "res
t rvation." judge Isaadie told the mem
bers that they were at liberty to con
sult with him at any time about the
i ase. Friday morning it Is thought
that the grand jury took advantage of
While Broadway as a whole has re
opened, there are still one or two
trnuses in the "district" which remain
t losed. The "proprietesses" of these
1 1 is said are afraid to open their places
for fear of prosecution, and are wait
ins to see what the grand jury does
with those who have already opened.
Apparently emboldened by the act of
opening their places after they had
been closed, the habitues -of the "dis
trict" no longer confine themselves to
that section. Boldly, attired in tell
tale finery, they now parade the
main streets of the .city at any hour.
Their manner now is in no wise shrink
ing. The report is that not all have
moved back to the "district" since its
reopening, some of them having taken
apartments in different sections of the
WOMEN REFUSE TO
PAY CITY FINES
Alderman Blamontkal Sidesteps Ques
tion f Whether Reservation Is
Closed. Leaving It te Peel.
Unless the corporation court eomes to
the rescue, the profits from the "red
light" district, which in the past has
been one of the city's greatest sources
of revenue, will cease. Taking their
cue from the case of Mary Grace, the
negress, who was arrested last Tuesday
because she did not pay her fine, the
report is other habitues of the dis
trict" are contemplating refusing to
nake these gratis payments to the city
for the privilege of. remaining unmo
lested while they ar on "the line. In
this they are backed up by the decision
of judge Adrian Pool, of the corpora
tion cour. who "Wednesday passed the
case of Mary Grace, because he was not
sure whether the grand jury had closed
the "district" or. not Judge Pool did
not hold court Thursday afternoon.
Ycting judge Sam Blumenthal allowed
the defendant to go until 4:3 oclock
this afternoon, when it will prohably be
ii r to judge Pool to make the final de
rision in her case. Alderman Blumen
thal was somewhat influenced in his ac
tion bv the request of the police for
more time in which to make investi
gations to determine whether or not the
district" was really closed. He also
said that nothing could be done in such
ta- vou on the line?" alderman
Blumenthal asked the woman, when she
came before him.
'The line opened Monday, and I
went back there Tuesday night." the
The grand jurv has been In session
"Wednesday and Thursday and It Is be
lieved that the matter of the "district
is being investigated. Until that body
hands down a final report rumor has
It the women of the "district" will be
safe in refusing to' pay their "fine
money," and the officers ot the corpora
tion couri, for fear of complicating
matters, will also refuse to enforce
WILSON TO OPEN
TEXAS STOCK SHOW
Austin, Tex- March 7. Representa
tive Wortham has received a telegram
from congressman. Stayden advising that
president Woodrow Wilson has consent
ed to press from Washington the eleetrie
button which will put in motion the
-machinery for the formal opening of the
fat stock show at Fort Worth.
MISSOURI LEGISLATOR ATTACKS
PRIKST; VIOLENCE IS AVERTED.
Jefferson City, Mo., March 7. The
Missouri house of representatives ad
journed in a -wild scene caused by an
attempt of Rev. J. L. Laughlin, of Rolls,
to deliver a speech attacking the coun
ty local option bill, adopted by both
houses. Rev. Leaughlin, who is a
Catholic priest started to denounce
wnat he called the Puritanical spirit
which led to the passage of the bill
when jenpesentative Hay. author of
the bJB.Vhed at him, seized his
frock W'Was only prevented from
doing the priest personal injury by
the interference of other legislators.
Hay then deHVefed a speech in which
he declared the Attitude of the priest
When Rev. Mr. Laoghlin began a re
ply, the house was adjourned quickly.
Herald Brings Replies From
As Far As Pennsylvania
El Paso, Texas, March 5. "
Editor El Paso Herald:
Enclosed herewith my ehee for $13.80 to cover
cost of ' Jad" run in the New Year edition of the Herald.
I have received inquiries from this "ad" as far
away as Bradford, Pa. Yours truly,
H. E. Parsons,
Parson's Chicken Ranch.
Head of Big Concern Sees
No Connection, but Em
ploye Thinks Differently.
CHICAGO VICE PROBE
TOUCHES BIG CONCERN
CHICAGO, ILL. March 7. There
was a tense, dramatic moment
at the end of the forenoon ses
sion of" the state senate vice commis
sion. Julius Rosenwald, president of Sears,
Roebuck A company, multi-millionaire,
philanthropist and employee of 4,00
women, himself at one time head of a
vice investigation committee, had been
on the witness stand for hours, testi
fying to the wage scale of his company.
and explaining that in his judgment
wages and the immorality of womn
had little to do -with each other.
The small room where the sessions
are being held was packed with a
well dressed crowd, many of them
-women. Then a young woman, clad in
black and answering to the name of
"Emily." took her seat In front of the
inquisitors, and by the side of Rosen
wald. She had been employed by Sears,
Roebuck & company, but left there to
take a better position. Her only
criticism of the firm was that the
forewomen "scolded" and made some
of the luckless culprits, .guilty of some
infraction of the rules, or making a
mistake, cry. This did not occur every
Suddenly attention became acute as
lieutenant governor Barratt M. O'Hara,
a young man, leaned .over, and, with
blushes, asked the witness a question
in -which he found difficulty in word
ing. . CoHld Net Blame Them.
"We have a great deal of philosophy
here today from the men: sow let's
find out what yours is. If a girl was
getting $8 a week (the minimum paid
by Sears. Roebuck & company to girls
living alone) and had to support a
widowed mother, would you blame that
girl If she if she committed a
The witness looked puzzled for a
moment and then, comprehending,
looked frankly and replied, "No; I
'Would you blame, her if she killed
"No; I wouldn't" came the emphatic
"And would you blame her if she
committed a greater crime?"
The young lieutenant governor's
meaning was in his embarrassed tone
and Ms Mashes, od by bow the girl
was the more composed of the two. She
paused Just a moment and then re
Deated distinctly. "No: I wouldn't"
The room had been painfully quiet
plause, led by the women spectators,
and the first general spontaneous out
burst of the session.
"Emily" was then dismissed.
Thinks 58,900 Earn but 5.
Leading merchants of Chicago were
called before the state senate vice in
vestigation committee today in an en
deavor to ascertain the relations of
low wages paid to women to the vice
of the underworld. It is asserted by
lieutenant eovernor O'Hara that in
Chicago alone 50,000 women are em
ployed at a wage of. $5 a week or less.
Julius Rosenwald, president of Sears,
Roebuck & Co., referring' repeatedly to
notes, testified that the company em
ploys 4,732 women and girls whose av
erage wage is $9.12 a week. The low
est salary of $5 Is given to girls of 16
years of age, the witness stated. After
three months they are advanced to
The company nires only girls who
live at home. The concern employs
1,465 girls and women who receive less
than $8 a week, ne said
Lovr Wages and Immorality.
"Now, I want to ask you," said
O'Hara, "as a man of -wide philan
thropy, if you think that low wages
induce immorality in women."
T will answer that as I have an
swered before there is practically no
connection between. I believe that
prostitution is as likely to come to a
woman who earns over $10 as to one
who earns less. Ie depends on ther-wom-an.
A girl earning a small wage might
use that as a subterfuge to account
for her derelictions."
"Do you consider $5 enough for any
woman to live upon?"
"Yes, if she lives at home."
ThlagH ?S Enough.
"And $8 is enough for one who sup
"That is what our Investigation
"How much did your corporation
earn in 1911?"
"Could you raise -wages and still
pay vour stock holders a legitimate
The witness said the stock of the
corporation pays seven percent on
both common and preferred. There
was a surplus of $12,000,006 at the end
of 1912. He said he could have given
$2,000,000 out of profits and still pay
State senator Neils Juul asked the
witness if he thought the stockholders
were fair judges of what compensa
tion the girls Should receive and if he
didn't think the state would be a
There -was a sporadic applause when
Mr Rosenwald replied that he would
be glad to meet the wishes of the
state "so far as competition will per-
Asked if he would object to disclos
ing his own income, he replied in the
"Well then." smiled CHara, "could
you live on $8.a week?"
There was a titter when the witness
replied that he had never tried It
O'Hara asked If there were "drives"
in his employ. The witness had never
One Measure Provides For a
Commission Form of Gov
ernment in Cities.
COME ON APRIL 1
AUSTIN, Tex., March 7. The house
today passed to a third reading,
the Hudspeth bill allowing the
sale of school lands in fractions of
one-quarters of a section: it also passed
the bill by senator Willacy permitting
cities of a 90 and over to have a com
mission form of government, upon a
petition of 10 percent of the voters.;
also Johnson's bill providing for the
incorporation of mutual concerns. All
of these are senate bills.
The house passed finally the senate
railroad hospital bill: it also passed
the house bill by Mitts, repealing the
co-insurance clause in the insurance
Female Employment BUI.
The senate spent the day consider
ing the 54-hour law for female em
ployes in industrial enterprises. An
amendment was adopted excepting
stenographers from the bill, also
exempting telephone operators in time
of great emergency, but that in such
case they shall receive double salary.
An amendment was also adopted per
mitting laundry workers to work 11
hours per day, provided that they shall
not exceed 54 hours in a week. An
effort was made to exempt from the
operations of the law all cities of 15.000
population and under, but this failed.
The house committee on private cor
porations reported favorably Hartley's
bill permitting the incorporation of
baseball clubs in Texas.
Jfo Free Lunches.
The house committee on liquor and
liquor traffic reported favorably on
Lewelllng's bill providing for 7 oclock
closing of saloons and that saloons
shall no longer serve free lunches.
"Home Rule" Dill Passes.
After devoting three days in its con
sideration, the house yesterday after
noon passed to engrossment the Ken
nedy enabling act. which carries into
effect "home rule" constitutional
That provision of the bill which pre
scribed what may be incorporated in
charters was stricken out and an
amendment adopted giving any city the
power to incorporate the initiative, ref
erendum and recall in their charters.
.Cotton Belt Consolidation.
The senate passed finally the Cotton
Belt consolidation bill, which has al
ready passed the house and now the bill
goes to the governor for approval. An
effort -was made to have an amendment
adopted authorizing the Cotton Belt to
purchase the state railroad, but it was
Irrigation Bill Saturday.
The Burges general irrigation bill
was made a special order in the house
Cone Johnson, of Tyler, yesterday af
ternoon addressed the senate on invita
tion and declared he favored the initia
tive, referendum and recall only to a
limited extent but still believed in a
representative form of government
Collect Board Confirmed.
The senate yesterday confirmed the
appointment by the governor of the A.
and M. college board, which has been
held up by the governor for some time.
This means the senate virtually sus
tains the board in its action in dismiss
ing the students from that institution.
Interest In the House.
Interest again centers on the lower
branch of the legislature and the cause
of the attraction is two measures that
have' caused more debate and more
flights of oratory during the present
session than all other measures com
bined, with the exception of the Katy
merger. The two bills in question are
the married women's rights bill and the
Alamo mission property bill. Both of
these bills passed in the house and
went over to the senate, and now they
have been sent back, but sadly disfig
ured. Indeed, they resemble only in
name the original measures. The house
will refuse to concur in the senate
amendments to both of these measures.
The Alamo bill, when It left the house,
provided that the care and custody of
the property should be placed under the
exclusive control of the Daughters of
the Republic, and when it returned to
the bouse, it provided that the property
should be placed under the control of a
Recall In Cities.
Despite the efforts of representative
Kirby and other members from the
larger cities in the state, the Initiative,
referendum and recall feature of the
enabling act to put in effect the "home
rule" constitutional amendment, re
mains in the measure. Should the sen
ate adopt this bill with this feature,
and the chances are, that it will, the
citizens of any of the cities taking ad
vantage of the constitutional amend
ment will have the right to initiate and
refer legislation, and also recall any of
its officials upon presenting a petition
to the proper authorities calling for an
election for that purpose.
The question of sine die adjournment
is again being agitated in the house,
but it is safe to say that from present
indications, the house will not adopt the
Broughton resolution for final adjourn
ment on March 14. It is now appar
ently the plan to either postpone action
on the resolution, or else fix the date
of adjournment at April 1.' Leading
members of the house believe that if
that date is decided upon, it is possible
to complete the important business at
hand and adjourning.
Chairman Wortham, of the house
general appropriation believes that It
the house remains in session until
April 1, it will be possible to complete
the business within that period and
thus avoid the necessity for an extra
session. There has been a general de
parture at the present session of the
legislature in the method of passing ap
propriation bills. Instead of having
one general bill, the plan has been fol
lowed of presenting various bills on
the subject over which there is little
or no contest and thusf expediting the
work, and as a result four bills making
appropriations for the state govern
ment for the next two years have al
ready passed In the house and two in
the senate. That the governor is ad
verse to an extra session is well known,
and with the money bills passed, it is
not likely that a special session will
Tttentr-Seven Platform Demand.
There are exactly 27 measures pend
ing that are platform recommendations,
and the membership" of either branch
of the legislature do not seem over
anxious to take them up. Unless some
thing is done in tjiat direction, the
chances are some of these' pledges will
never be redeemed. Several of these
are quite important, and among them
are the bill raising th scholastic age
in he state: the bill b representative
Humphrey granting aiu to disabled
pensioners and their widY1 IV the
levjinq of a special ta ofl1" l' ri ent
to CArn into effect the rfnV"'1"1' " nr
iConUnued on ric
1 FOR PEACE
Proposal by Rebel Chief Is
Agreed to by Salazar and
TO GO WITH PEACE
PARTY TO MEXICO
PEACE in the state of Chihuahua
seems assured. Pascual Orozco,
jr.. has submitted his suggestions
for peace in the north -which will be
strongly recommended by the presi
dent of. the commission to the govern
ment. David e la yuente. with full
powers from Salazar to treat for peace,
has also agreed to accept the terms as
proposed by Orozco. Vasquez Gomez
has announced that he has withdrawn
as provisional president and will ask
nothing for himself, "and only urges the
early settlement of the agrarian prob
lem, which is considered vital to the
people of the north.
Gen Orozco telegraphed the commis
sion late Thursday evening that he
would go to Mexico City in person in
order to refute the statements of Jose
Cordova, his secretary, who announced
in the capital that Orozco wished
$2 504,000 and the governorship of the
state of Chihuahua. Orozco may come
to El Paso and accompany the peace
commissioners to Mexico City by way
of Laredo, or go direct from Villa Ahu
mada to Mexico City, where the final
peace conference is to be held.
Orozco Anks Nothing.
Orozco's suggestions were made in
writing and given to senor Esteban
Maguero Castellanos, one of the mem
bers of the peace commission, who went
to Villa Ahumada Wednesday on a spe
cial train to confer with Orozco. These
suggestions, which were In no sense
demands, senor Castellanos says, were
made by Orozco in order .that Peace
might be obtained as- soon as possible
and that Chihuahua might return to its
normal condition of peace. Commis
sioner" Castellanos emphatically denied
that Orozco had asked for anything for
himself, much less the large amount
that his secretary had said in Mexico
City that he demanded. "That report
is absolutely untrue." he said upon his
return Thursday evening. "Orozco
asks nothing, neither money nor polit
ical preferment The only me11"0,? i
money made In the submitted list of
suggestions was that the government
supply his troops with money enough
to pay them the peso a. day which he
had promised them and which he had
been paying them until his Illness.
Orozco wishes to keep his promise to
his men. and as they have not been
paid for several months, he asks ror
enough money to pay them this money.
It will not amount to more than $50,000
Mexican money and Is a reasonable de
mand. I believe him to be a patriot
Orozco's Five Suggestions.
The Ave suggestions made .O06
in the order named by him in hi com
munication to the commission are:
First That the government take the
!.. nMtklam Intn rainRirifra.tion 38
soon as possible in order that the peo
ple of the north may have land upon
IwhMt to settle: the lands to be
bought with public monies from the
owners of large estates and sold to the
people on long term payments; the
property to be protected against sale
or mortgage in the meantime. This
plan has no connection with the plans,
so called, of San Luis Fotosi, Tacubaya
or others. . ..
Second That the persons of the
chiefs of the revolutionary army be in
corporated into the auxiliary force,
where it Is desired by these leaders.
Third That the revolutionists be re
imbursed for the time they have been
in the held during which they have not
drawn any money from the revolution
ary organization. Also that the gov
ernment buy the arms from the revolu
tionary army. No money Is asked by
the chiefs. . . .
Fourth That the people who have
advanced monev for the revolution be
refunded what they have paid out pro
viding they produce sufficient proof of
their claim before a commission. This
refunding to be done at the rate of
25 percent at once and the remainder
as the federal treasury is in position
to make the payments.
Fifth That the widows and orphans
of the revolutionary soldiers who have
died in the Held, be paid a pension to
aid them in the support of their fam
ilies and their education.
Salazar Agrees to Conditions.
These suggested conditions for peace
are practically the same as those aned
by Salazar and his group of rebels.
They were shown to David de la
Puente, who has full powers to treat for
peace as the representative of Salazar,
and were declared to be perfectly
acceptable to himself and his chiefs.
Senor Jose Maria Garza Ramos and H
Lopez, the two peace commissioners
who went to Palomas to confer with
Emilio Vasquez Gomez, also returned
Thursday evening with the report that
Gomez had consented to withdraw from
the field as the provisional president of
the north, to ask nothing for himself
and to work for peace in the north un
der any reasonable conditions. He
urged the immediate action of the gov
ernment in reference to the agrarian
problem, but asked for nothing person
ally, senor Garza Ramos said. The
other chiefs are in accord with Salazar
and Xiomez in this, matter, which makes
the pence movement unanimous.
Col. IPascual Orozco. sr., who has been
with his son at Villa Ahumada. re
turned with the peace commissioner
Thursday evening and will probably
accompany him to Mexico City, where
the final peace conference with the gov
ernment commission will be held. Jose
Cordova will be deposed as Orozco's
commissioner because of the unauthor
ized and absurd statements he has
made as to Orozco's demands and the
leader of the rebel army of the north
will present his plan for peace in per
son, in order that he will not again be
misrepresented as to his motives.
David -de la Fuente will represent Sala
zar and Gomez and senor RIcardo Gar
cia Granados, president of the peace
commission, will speak for the govern
ment having been given power to act
by president Huerta.
"I consider the suggestions of
Orozco. as well as those of Salazar. as
most fair." senor Garcia Granados said
Thursday night. "I will make the
(Continued on Next Page.)
1. "Why did the men lose one of
their companions and gain a rope
when they went to hang the negro?
2. Take to gain from wound
around and leave a boy's name.
Example: Take a small boy from
illness and leave a month of blos
soms. Answer: Ma-Iad-y. May, lad.
S- "When are two friends half
4. Why is a cat's tail like a long
5. When is it right and proper to
Answers will ne found under their
nppropnate numbers scattered
through the Classified Advertising
Were Shooting at a Prisoner
Who Was Running For
the American Side.
OUT OP THE-TOWN
NACO, ARIZ., March 7. Last even
ing at 6 oclock, 50 federal sol
diers from Agua Prieta, In com
mand of Maj. Miranda, marched into
Naco, Sob., escorted by cavalry. As
they came in from the east many of
the custom. Immigration and other
officials left going west Most of
these officials were old Madera men
and preferred to abandon their poets
rather than submit to the new govern
ment One Maderista policeman named Si
mon Acosta was caught by the cav
alrymen and started for the bastile
under an escort of 26 soldiers and was
duly informed that he was to hang or
be shot forthwith. He protested that
he was an American citizen. The sol
diers laughed and said that helped
none. Realizing that his was a seri
ous predicament be waited- until his
guards had him just a block from the
international line, when he broke
loose and ran for the- United States.
Those looking on said Simon ran fast
Five shots were fired at him in vain
by the guards. The bullets missed
him and came whistling across the
international, ltne. scattering a crowd
of bystanders near the Capper Queen
store in quick time, and the rifle
shots caused all Americans - upon the
Mexican side, many of whom were at
supper, to hastily reach United States
Less than three miles out from Naco
100 Maderista soldiers are camped,
who were too late in reaching Jfaco
to keep it from falling into the hands
of the federals. It is thought they
ill attempt to take tne town mm
MftAMir 1 Men. - -
Burned bridges prevented the train
which started from Cananeet twom
reaching Nogalcs. and trouble hetween
here and Cananea is looked for. Both
rail and wire connection with Hermo
sillo are cut off.
AGUA PRIETA' IS
ASKED TO SURRENDER
Reinforcement. Instead, Are Brought
Tip From Xacozarl and Then
Rebels Burn Bridge.
Douglas, Ariz.. March 7. The Ma
derista forces in Sonora have demanded
the surrender of Agua Prieta before
midnight today. The demand was smnt
from La Leeonclta. a mountain pace 12
miles southwest One hundred federal,
in command of Vlllasenor; were rushed
from Nacozarf on a special tram to
Agua Prieta to reinforce the garrison.
Shortly after Khe train passed a bridge
Mas uuiucu " ms ..v - -
and wires were cut on. the Nacozari road
near IzabaL. Trains are annuiieu in
Francisco Escondon. a former bandit
leader, now under command of the fed
eral general. Ojeda. who occupied Naco
last night with 50 federals. Is threat
ened with immediate attack by 6W
Preparations for defence continued
today until the trenches and breast
works make the little Mexican town
appear like & fortress
It is pay day at the Douglas smelters
and many laborers are refusing to re
turn to work, threatening to assist la
the state revolution. A large quantity
of arms and cartridges is reported to
luvc tuun amns-srled over the line la3t
night near Douglas. , .-
a pian oi toe -iuubi.ii.iim"""" -
attack simultaneously border towns in
Sonora has been reported to Gen. Ojeda,
commanding the federal garrison at
Agua Prieta, opposite Douglas. At
once work was begun in throwing up
fortifications about the border town.
The Huerta soldiers at Agua Prieta
number no more than 100 while the
new rebeis are mobolizlng in large
numbers in the mountains to the soutn.
J J. Rioz. the treasurer of Cananea,
at the head of 250 "Censtitutionalista
rebels has departed with the evident in
tention of assisting in taking the
border towns held by Huerta troops.
Trenches in the shape of a half moon
are being dug about Agua Prieta and
brush piled in front of the holes.
. Tucson, Ariz, March J
r"na3'baMades cukth ng on
all loyal Sonora citizens i olri, , "
constituted government as opposed "
Huerta. appeared in the Sonora -per.
recognized as the SOVMJJJ"""
mouthpiece, and copies translated ihato
English are held here. Maytor J4iy
denied that he ever Issued any procla
matlon or incited the populace against
HHetsaid. however, he caused the con-
gress to assemble. beevJnSctonggen
would assume that responsibility, as it
has since done. He offers no Plana
tion of the publication prtntsj of : tne
proclamation being sent to all parts oi
the state and which, it is alleged were
confiscated at Nople Sonera, by
agents of Cot Emilio Ivosterlltzsky.
ROOSEVELT OPPOSES A"-!,;
-WITH LOUI3IEU FORCES
Chicago, 111-. March 7.-"The Proj
xressive party must not permit itseii
foTe tarred by the Lor.mer brush
la the statement made in a letter re
ceived by P F. Harris, chairman of the
state central committee of the Pro
IVesslTC party of Illinois. The letter
w'aTalirofes? against any alliance of
the Dartv members of the legislature
and eteht of the "Lorimer Republicans
or'LoYimer Democrats" in order to
elect a Progressive senator from IHt
nois. AVILSOX ACCEPTS PRESIDENCY
OK MEIUCAX PEACE LEAGIE
New York. N. Y.. March T, Accept
an. e by president Wilson of the hon
orary preiieii'-y of the American Peace
an.l ArbitntKMi league was announce"!
t. m-lit l th. leisjue Th. l.ague will
ri. t,r -,.!. -i l. nt a r lepium ind uin
i at a .. ' l j s ! tc-d l. him.
la iiuiiuMii n unuimji l
FEDERALS F1REETAPIA REVOLT SURGES HDD
OVER LIST ENDS IN II TUGS ARE
HO, MHZ, SURRENDER WRECKED
LED WHEN DYNAMITE
.G-niUPlTM U 4
Leader Embfaces the Huerta
Government Coahuila Is
Legally in Revolt.
DE LA BARRA FOR
MEXICO CITY, Mer., March 7.
Rafael Tapia. an officer of the
rural guards, who took the field
against Gen. Hurta after the death of
Madero, surrendered to the government
authorities today. The surrender took
place at Guadalupe Hidalgo, where the
treaty of peace between Mexico and the
United States was concluded in 1848.
Rafael Tapia was formerly chief of
rural guards In the state of Veracruz.
His decision to surrender is regarded
as a great gain for the government
because of his popularity in the south
eastern states. It was feared that he
would be able to muster a formidable
body of men.
Xews reached here today that a ma
jority of the members of the legisla
ture of Coahuila have signed a procla
mation favoring the rebel governor,
Carranza. and entreating the citizens
o the state to Joinn in oposltion to
Huerta. Carranza yesterday received
2M.M0 pecos as a contribution to the
revolltionary cause from the citizens
of the state.
Manuel Masearenas. of the state of
Sonora, who is a candidate for the
governorship, arived here last night
and expressed great optimism in regard
to the plans of the government to pat
down the uprising there.
CaeJIar to Lead Federal.
Ten thousand seasoned troops are to
be placed under command of Brig. Gen.
Samuel Garcia Cuellar. the former
chief of president Porflrio Diaz's staff,
and the man who whipped Madero at
the battle of Casas Grandes early in
the Madero revolution, who has been or
dered to vnyve against the rebels in the
north at an earlr date.
prepared to proceed to Ooahulla to give
combat to the rebels under Venuettano
Carranza. According to the latest in
formation reaching the government,
Carranza has now 3000 men and six
cannon. Carraaza's Forces Scattered.
His forces are spread ovr a large
territory, from Lampozas t Kuevo
Leon, which has been seized by 300 of
his men. throughout the eafetern half
A portion of his forces has taken
possession of La Babia raSeh, the prop
erty of Gen. Geronimo Trevino, now
governor of the state of fctevo Leon.
The government is moving troops into
Monclova and Mesquite. -where the main
body of the Carransistas are said to be,
and is daily expecting reports of en
gagements at those points.
The legislature of Chihuahua' is to he
dissolved and the governorship de
clared vacant Jfew elections will be
held in the future for deputies and gov
ernor. Cordova and Huerta Confer.
Jose Cordova, Gen. Orozco's repre
sentative. Is having frequent confer
ences with president Huerta, with an
apparently fair chance of solving the
problems that have arisen.
Although the Zapatistas continue
their depredations in the state of Mo
relos, negotiations with the leaders
still are in progress.
"Tuerto" Morales has left for PneNa,
where he will meet Emiliano Zapata.
Morales has promised president Huerta
that he will bring about the surrender
Alberto Fuentes D. ex-governor of
Aguascallentes, still is a prisoner and
will be tried for sedition. An applica
tion for a writ relieving him from
prosecution on account of his revolt
was denied by the court
De la Barra as Vice President.
Francisco de la Barra. minister of
foreign relations, last night accepted
the candidacy for vice president of the
ticket with Gen. Felix Diaz. His de
cision not to be a presidential candi
date is regarded as significant
In accepting the nomination senor
de la Barra declared that he favored
abolishing the office of vice president
He said that the history of the last few
years showed that this rfice was re
sponsible for much of the trouble in the
To Set Up tt Republic
From private sources, it would ap-'
(Continued on Next Page.)
BRIDGES BURNED FROM
HERMOSILLO TO COAST
N0GALES, Arit, March 7. The first message recftived frem Gusymas for
several days came from superintendent H. J. Temple this aoraiag. Temple
secured permission from Juan Cahral te use the wires for a few minutes,
then wired his sister ia Douglas and reported to Epes Randolph that everything
is quiet in Guaymas, hut all bridges are burned between there aad Hermosillo.
These were burned under orders from Jhsb Cabral, who seems to be in charge
of the state troops, in order to prevent the arrival of federal soldiers from southern
Mexico by the way of Manzanillo.
The passenger train which left here the morning of the 5th, bat was topped
by railroad officials at Carbo, on acount of an embargo on trains at Hermosillo,
has returned as far as Magdalena with all passengers, but cannot return te Nogaks,
because of a burned bridge just north from Magdalena.
There has been absolutely no movement of trains, either passenger or freight,
out of Negates to the south for the last two days.
Juan Cabral wired Col. Kosterlitsky in Nogales that KosterHtsky's family in
Magdalena is absolutely safe and weald be fully protected by him, though Koster
lisky is favoring the new regime, against which Cabral is arrayed.
At Hermosillo, the palace is being barricaded and the assemMJag of ammuni
tion and recruiting of men for the struggle continues today. Food supplies are be
ing rushed in from the Yaqui valley. At Magdalena, between Hermosillo and the
Arizona border, CoL Juan Cabral is recruiting a formida.bie group to assist in the
state revolution against Huerta.
So far the warlike Yaqui indians, so plentiful in the state, have remained quiet,
but it is expected that they will assist the revolting state authorities against any
intrustion of federal soldiers. However, a band of Yuma indians has appeared
north of Empalme, apparently on the war path
Shock of Explosion of 340
Tons of Dynamite Beard
"100 Miles Distant.
ENACTED ON WHARF.
Havoc Is Wrought by Boxes
of Explosives Falling on.
Ships in Harbor
BALTIMORE, Md, March: 7. Three,
haadred and forty tons ot
dynamite exploded this morn-,
ing in lower Baltimore harbor,
killing about 60 and wounding;
as many mere, many of them fatally.
The explosive was being transferred
T from. a barge to the British steamer
Alum Chine, when 4t went off, from a.
cause as yet unknown. The men killed
were members of the crews of the
steamer and the barge veeeeis moored
Ships In Harbor Destroyed.
The Chine and the barge, together
with the tug Atlantic and the naval
collier Jason, were either completely
destroyed or seriously damaged.
The shock was felt as far as Reading.
Pa., 100 miles from Baltimore. It was
recorded also at Atlantic City.
Six of the crew of the tag Atlantic.
laying alongside the Alum Chine, wer
killed and the tag practically destroyed.
Many Stevedores Unaccounted For.
Forty stevedores are unaccounted for.
If they were on the steamer it is certain
that they perished.
Four of the dead bflooged to the
crew of the Alum Chine and three werj
on board the United States naval collier
Twenty-nine other men. on the colli pr
and the streamer sart of the crew at
I the Alum Chine were injured.
PttffBr5cenerf on Wkarf.
Pitiful scenes were enacted on the
Broadway wharf when the togs bearing
the dead and injured arrived there
Hundreds of women and children who
husbands and fathers -work on the .;
ter, crying and wringing their hands.
begged to be allowed to see if any of
their men folks were among the vic
tims. Nearly 50 of the injured were
landed there. Some of these -were ab!
to walk to their homes -unassisted, but
the majority of them were taken to the
hospitals. Some of the injured were
taken to hospitals at Sparrow's Point
Several Fatally Injured.
Up to mid-afternoon no definite fig
ures of the number of casualties could
be ascertained, but it was said that at
least a0 men had been killed and about
as many more injured. Some of the lat
ter were expected to die.
Explosives Fall oa Ships.
Much of the havoc -was -wrought by
unexploded boxes of dynamite which,
were burled through the air and ex-
ploded when they struck.
One such shattered the upper works
of the collier Jason and killed sev
eral men, frightfully wounding at least!
30 more. An other box of the explosive)
descended on the deck of the Tug At
lantic and killed three men.
A shower ofTarge and small pieces,
of the wrecked vessels, some weighing'
tons, fell in the water and. oa the shon
for miles around.
Fourteen Men Bucape.
Just before the explosion & tiny wispe
of smoke was seen by a seaman work-.
ing in the head of the vessel. He gave
the alarm and 14 of the British boat's.
crew jumped into a launch and headed
away from the ship before the blast
came. .a. mw
SHOCK OP EXPLOSION"
IS KELT IX DKLA5-AR
Philadelphia. Pa March 7. The dy
namite explosion near Baltimore was
remarkable for the great distance tha
shock of the blast was felt At Coates
ville. Pa., the windows of the high,
school rattled. The shock was felt at
the Philadelphia navy yard, in Reading,
Pa., nearly 100 miles from Baltimore,
in a number of cities in southeastern
Pennsylvania and New Jersey as far as
Atlantic City. In naay cities' the tre
mor was so distinct as to cause people
to believe an earthoaake had occurred.
The shock interrupted the proceed-,
ings of the lower house of the Dela
ware legislature at Dover, the speaker
remarking: There must have been ait