Newspaper Page Text
Patriotism Causes the Death of Five Men In Juarez Friday Evening
v -i . .. - - - ' m m " I V. T. PASO. T E X A S . I
EL PASO, TEXAS,
WBATHRR FORK. A ST.
S"alr tonight and Sunday.
January 3, 191434 Page
FtVK SECTWKS TODAY.
y 5 ! Tf T
"VIVA 0R0ZC0" CAUSES FIVE
MEN TO LOSE LIVES; FOUR
ARE EXECUTED BY REBELS
Killing of Fernando Lopez Is Followed by Capture and
Execution of Four Orozquistas; One Is Shot
Down Within Half a Block of Scene
of Tragedy in Juarez.
FITS men died 1b Jnarex Friday
night beeaase Roberts Areena, ex
raHway eeadneter and Orezee
sympathiser, eied "Vlea OrucsP' an a
eoraer of the saaia plana shortly after
Lieut. Fernando Lopez, paymaster ef
the aeeead aaaadroa ef the rebel
garrison la Juarez, was shot aad killed '
by Arveaa after be bad Riven the 1
"viva" far Oroaee. Three other Mex
icans, companion ef .Aroeha aad also
OnH syMpatMcera, were executed at f
davra by rebel soldiers, after a court j
martial ba deeided that they were
laialicatad la the killing of Lopez.
Panic straek Juarez when the nboot-
ing took place and for a while the old
try of "Another attaek has began," was
beard. The afreets were erewded with '
men aad wonten when the killing oc
curred aad scored songlit abetter '
nkererer they could and It. Arseaa'a '
three eampantons eseaped from the f
acene ef the killing bat were captured I
by rebel cavalry before they "eoald I
eress to the American side. i i
Go Over From El Paso. V
According to eye-witnesses of the
tragedy. Arocha and bis comrades ac
costed Lopez as he was walking along
the west side of the plaza, fronting the
Juarez cathedral Lopez was an ex- I
railway man and had worked with
Arocha and the others, who have been
operating trains for Gen. Pascual
Orozco. The four had been in Juarez
for Beveral hours, having crossed from
this side It is said that they were
An argument began and Orozco was
the subject of it- Arocha defended the
conduct of the federal volunteer leader,
while Lopez declared he was a traitor.
The debate grew heated and Lopez,
Ojinaga Federals Are Well
Entrenched Says Canadian
Only Rebel Bayonets or De
sertions Will Make
"Unless the rebels use bayonet or
the federals get panic stricken and
desert to the American side, the' fed-
IS oral force - feasant ritT
I. i hold but for weeks against throe tlmec
their number of rebels, the way they
are fighting at the present time."
This is the opinion of Sergt. MaJ.
Gustav H Schoof, of the 23d Alberta
mounted rangers of Canada, who ar
rived here Saturday from Presidio.
"The two forces were fighting at
long range New Year's day and the po
sitions afford an observer an excellent
chance to watch both the federal and
rebel positions by riding up on down
the river," says the Canadian officer.
"The federals were entrenched behind
fortifications in Ojinaga, having taken
advantage of an irrigation ditch for
the use of their soldiers. The cannon
were stationed in such a position that
they could sweep the rebel trenches
and trie plain between. Off to the left
the rebels had taken advantage of the
natural crevices in the rocks of the
mountain and were also fighting be
hind trenches which they had thrown
up Their cannon were also well set
and the cannoneers did some good fir
ing "From the explosions I judged that
the shells were from 12 to 20 pound
ers. They both did good shell firing. I
saw a number of hits by both rebel
and federal gunners. County commis
sioner Cleveland, of Pesidio, who knew
Ortega, crossed three miles below the
FROM UTAH MINE
Bingham; Utah, Jan. 3. That the man
whose wits are as quick as his trigger
finger has escaped from the Utah-Apex
mine, was the growing belief of those
who continued the search for Ralph
Lopez today. Nothing had been found
so far to indicate whether the slayer of
six men was dead or alive in the work
mgs where he took refuge on November
27. after leading seven sheriffs and over
200 deputies on a week's chase in the
Lt ? took np the hunt
.-w ..w t twanaggwavs eariy i
MINERS MUST WORK
SEVEN ARE SEIZED IN COURTROOM, SENT OUT OF TOWN
OR LEA VE, IS DEMAND
STw2rrATS?RUf.GS' olo., Jan.3.-Seven members of the Unite Xine
w oncers or America, charged with noting and assault in connection with
fl...w iS- ?. lnln strike, were sent out of town today by the Routt
S?2WTaxpayer. '"f8- The league then issued a proclamation announcing
Uu,t1Bave7 mD' ln & county must find work or leave. announcing
-, 5.?,4-,8tte onsanizer if the United Mine Workers, sent a tele
Kmmp,.t0 Piwrfenf Wilson, protertmg against the action of the' league!
in inSSi f on trial iB C0B rt here when a delegation from the
Ifafthey mtAeaowT1 " "" ' defindante
PRESIDIO AND EL PASO
LEAD IN TEXAS METALS
WSPS0 D:C-' Jan- 3-The 0Btput of Texas " for 11 months of
il u estlmate for December, according to preliminary figures com
u P1 bC"Ies W- Henderson, of the United States geological survey,
Sn8t?5rcS. ' 6 ounces of Silver' 260'000 vuui of lead- a nomi
fTot &?tet P"1 ? e output of these metals came from the Shatter dis-
o wasSnJSn e Pridi0 " mine and cyanide mai- Lead-silver
ore was shipped from the Sierra Blanca district, El Paso county.
probably to avoid trouble, started to
walk away. When his back was turned.
Arocha shouted "Viva Orozcol" and
then drew an automatic revolver from
!! nnplrat Tnaf tnrnM i1r Viend find
Orosco's champion fired ten shots at
him in rapid succession. Eight bullets
took effect and Lopez died on the side
walk in a few minutes, without having
a chance to defend himself.
Rebel soldiers and patrolmen ran to
the scene of the shooting and Arocha,
with his back to a wall, emptied an
other clip of ten bullets at them. They
returned the fire and wounded the
Orozquista in several places, but did
not kill him outright In the mean
I while. Arocha' 9 companions fled, with
' mounted rebels in pursuit.
Slayer Is Qnlekly Executed.
Officers arriving on the scene. a few
moments after Arocha bad been cap
tured and disarmed,- held an Immediate
courtmartial and ordered Arocha exe
cuted at once. The condemned man.
bleeding from several wounds and
weak from loss of Wood, was half car
ried up a little alley a- block from
the plaza. He was propped up against
a wall.' three executioners with loaded
rifles took positions ten feet away and
the order to fire was given.
Comnenlen Are Caoght.
Half an hour later Arocha's three
i companions were captured in the out
skirts of Juarez. They were tried by a
courtmartial and ordered to face the fir
ing squad as accomplices in the mur
der of Lopez. At dawn Saturday they
were lined up against a wall In the old
federal barracks west of the market
place. A few seconds before the firing
of the rifles that hurled death to them,
one of the trio is said' to have sneered
at the execution squad and called out,
town to shake hands with him when he
rode out from the rebel positions with
hia staff. Just as they were shaking
hands a federal gunner dropped a beau-
tiful shot within 160 yards of them and
the county commissioner retreated to
the American side in disorder.
"I also saw the rebel force of Indians.
f sirippea xo vnt want ana .ajwiag-' a
i ., "rr i J "S.'r f "iSTiS
tne reaerais.ytuey re
W abhr-toTWSrwoffrited. "1 W mw a 3eir3TrTke
a horseman Who was standing fn one of
the crevices. The horse fell and I could
see the comrades of the main drag the
horse off of htm. I saw a federal on
a 'white horse ride down to the river
bank. A bullet caught the horse as an t
easy mark and he fell dead from un- t
der the man. The rider alighted on his
ieet and ran to tne river and across
The rebel 'aminers.' or sham shooters :
could be seen crawling over the rocks Referring to statements yesterday by
and occasionally one would slide back, 1 deputy Hinsley, of Calumet in a tele
throw up his hands and disappear. It 1 gram to governor Ferris, that Hinsley
was impossible to distinguish the
sleeping soldiers from the dead in the
"The plan of fighting at Ojinaga is
to "snipe," or sharp shoot, most of
the time, with an occasional volley fire
which would last 15 minutes and dar
ing which 20,000 shots would be fired
"The trenches of the federals are
well made. If the rebels do not take j
Liiciu oy siurm anu use tne coia oay
onets, as the Scotch Highlanders did in
the Boer war, they, will be weeks dis
lodgipg them, as they cannot be shot
out of the trenches with rifles.
"The most pitiful part of the fight
ing are the refugees and wounded wM
have crossed. Their comrades have
bound up their wounds with rags and
(Continued on page 4 column 3.)
today had nothing to report up to noon.
So far the search has been confined to
the levels where the desperado most
likely will be found. Since yesterday,
when the mine was opened after having
been sealed since December 14, about
20 miles of tunnels, slopes and inclines
have been gone over thoroughly.
On the shelf of the cliff where the
Andy tunnel rises 1000 feet above the
canyon tloor, a large crowd of curious
miners, talking in a dozen tnnempa.
ourairiul fftrATAntnju,iA A . J 1 J. 11
outcome. As the day wore on the odds
grew tnat Lopez had escaped.
"Why Shoulafwe Not At
tend to Our Own-Business?"
IS NOT DISCLOSED
BIG RAPIDS, Mich.. Jan. 3. Irri
tated and disappointed at what he
considers the Interference of the
department of justice, and exhausted
b the trying times of the past few
weeks, governor Ferris came here to
spend the weekend at his home.
He was plainly disappointed when
he learned today that the department of
justice has ordered Edward J. Bow
man, acting United States district at
torney at Urand Rapids, to investigate
the alleged .deportation of Chas. H
Moyef, president of the Western Fed
eration of Miners, from the Calumet
copper mining district.
"It is Strang ethat thev eould not let
us attend to that . business, at least.
until we ieii oown, said the governor.
"I am not afraid of investigation. I
like 'investigations; but why should
we not be allowed to attend to our
own affairs? There it no reason for
the svernraeat taking that affair up,
We.are'Snarely waiting for Moyer to
come back and testify."
The last telegram received at Lans
ing was forwarded here from John
Densmore. of the department of labor,
in which Densmore informed the gov
ernor that he cannot outline his pro
posed strike settlement plan at the
MOYER READY TO
RETURN TO STRIKE
Says General Strike In Michigan May
Be Called if Arbitration Cannot
Be Otherwise OMaIne.il.
Chicago, 111., Jan. 8. Charles H.
Moyer, president of the Western Fed
eration of Miners, who was Shot, beat
en and expelled from Calumet, Mich.,
a week ago. intends to return to the
strike region the first of next week.
A meeting of the Michigan State Fed
eration of Labor is to be held in Lans
ing sometime before January 12 and
Moyer plans to attend. The executive
council of the American. Federation of
Labor also will be pre
His proposition in '
Ing to tne
mine operators of the
submit all points in c
nversy to a
board of arbitration
president Wilson and
of Michigan? Hover
tis just as
much iarerfedEaaw a
was written. wfer hot!
re he was
1 .. ."?;?"-"TST'TZ.
f miners tmfdns of the Westerh Federa
I tion in voting to- Wttike unless federal
invesnrgauon oi tjto copper sinae was
"X trftst, however," he said, "that any
more -strikes- may be averted. If we
cannot obtain arbitration in any other
way, we may attempt to call a general
strike In Michigan, but any more
strikes will only come as our last re-
had rescued Moyer from a mob bent On
lynching him. Mover said that Hinsley
was in Moyer's room at the time of the
attack, knew who shot him and su
perintended the whole affair. Moyer
said He -vWduld be- clad to cnerate with
cmAninl rJianntufn- "Wi nil v-ill rf? TTaotTi
ton ooitntv. in Invepticptinp the attack
IRON MINERS MAY
LAY DOWN TOOLS
erty In Copper Country," Western I importance to the Lind episode, point
Federntlon Members Declare. ' ing out that the proximity of his per-
vr-.., ui.i, T- tti- .. ! sonal envoy, coincident with his own
f Jr? tvmt fnt" Jwn2 in rh! vacation on the Mississippi coast had
federal government intervenes in the fe h anything else, a mo-
copper country strike, the Western' tiVe for the conference
Federation men in, the iron mines will The president laid emphasis on the
m uunii nicii luuio, atwiuius wi mo
terms of resolutions adopted by the
Negaunee and Ishpeming unions of the
The resolutions declare that the de
portation of Moyer, the Italian hall dis
aster, th arrest of the editors and pub
lishers of the Finnish newspaper,
Tyomles, , and the killing of strikers
show that there is "no longer safety
for life and property in the copper
They assert that the sheriffs office
has been blind to their wrongs and the
state government has failed to give re
SAY "LAST WORDS"
Houghton, Mich, Jan. 3. Attempts,
of John B. Densmore, of the depart
ment of labor, to conciliate the war
ring interests in the copper miners'
strike reached a crisis today. It was
intimated that the latest communica
tion from the two sides contained
their, "last words." There was a feel
ing, however, that unless the com
pany's representatives had flatly re
fused to continue the dscussion. legit
imate hopeg for a successful termina
tion of Mr. Densmore's mission might
yet be entertained.
That the interests of the nonunion
workmen were to cut considerable
'figure in the situation was indicated
by the action of employes of the Calu
met and Hecla company In circulating
a petition asking that the company
deny employment to members of the
The men told the management of the
mine that the company's fight against
the union met with their approval and
pointed ont that they had gone to
work at considerable personal risk.
DEPARTMENT OF 'JUSTICE
ORDERS .MOYER CASE PROBED
Washington, D. C Jan. 3. The de
partment of justice has telegraphed
Edward W. Bowman, assistant to the
district attorney at Grrnd Rapids.
Mich , to make an investigation into
the recent sudden trip of Charles H
Moyer. president of the Western Feder
ation of Miners, from the Calumet min
ing district. .
Senator Martine, of New Jersey, has
held that Moyer's sudden departure was .
a forcible abduction, instigated
prompted and paid for by the mine
MOYER STILL L ID UP
IX CHICAGO HOSPITVI.
Chicago, III., Jan. 3. Charles H
Moyer. president of the Western Fed
eration of Miners, is still here in a
hosDitaL recovering from the pistol
wound and bruises inflicted on him
when he was expelled from Calumet
Moyer talked with John Mitchell and
Clarence Darrow, but was unable to
announce his plans"
REBELS IN JUVREZ HARRISON
ARE Gtt Et ISO SEW RIFLES
New rifles. 150 in number, were dealt
out to rebel soldiers in Juarez Fridav
Ammunition was also distributed
among the troops.
OF ARTILLERY IS
RAGING AT 0 JINAGA
HUERTA TO ;
Mexican Dictator's Power
Will Inevitably .Fail, Is
LEND CONFERENCE IS
ULFPORT, Mistu Jan. SaMThe
I -j- Huerta government is hfing
crushed out slowly, nsfr-onljj by
Constitutionalists." but through
incessant isolation, and ' in;
must fall. Such, at least, !$
of president Wilson, as a
conference Friday night
John Lind aboard the
Chester, which brought th$
representative in aiexico
President Wilson an
that his conference with
developed no changes in.
the Washington administ
Mexico and that no new
in the situation has been
The president referred'
ference as a get toge
that although Mr. Lind
been sending full dispat
satjon 01 a xew pours
iWortb. more tnm woel
omtstnni can ear smw
of affording &1 each
Proniitont WlllMin add
hart been no SDeeial occasion lor Mr.
Lind's visit no advices. Jwitement or
Conference Covers Wide Scope
The president said hie conversation
with Mr. Llnd had covered the whole
field of conditions in Mexico, but that .
no particular measure wr piuii uu uccu
When asked if he was more hopeful
for a speedy settlement of the trou
ble, Mr. Wilson made it clear that his
personal view of the situation had not
chanced He smiled when told of re
ports that provisional president Huerta
or some high official of the Huerta
.,,,v ,, t ,
dian see tnem 11 iney
( The president Said that while Mr
ft- , StaaSSiSS,hWgif
: hesXhtmand ,s deeply interested in
will Sot Hemovc Embargo,
i rar-t thil nnfhintr snwifir such as
;rr' i" K; nV. ;
similar movei had been discussed. He
said that tpe-nester wouia leave ror
Veracruz thisi afternoon and that Mr.
Lind would remain there- indefinitely.
It was the first meeting between the
president and hia envoy since last July,
when the president conferred with Mr.
Lind at the white house preparatory
to the latterJB departure to Mexico
City with insBTictlons that created a
diplomatic epfcode in American his
For two dajte a mysterious reticence
has been apparent at the presidential
cottage concerting the present confer
ence. When Jdispatches from Vera
cruz announced that Mr. Lind would
come to Pass Christian there 'was a'
noticeable manifestation of displeasure
among the mebbers of the president's
party that hisSestlnation should have
been made pifllic. President Wilson
had hoped to a1? ,a-Bletly.awaF aboard
the revenue cftler Winona "for a
yachting trlp"and meet' Mr; Lind mt
sea. The same effort at secrecy with,
respect to the? Chester's whereabouts
was frustrated 4y wireless news of Nher.
location near Snip Island last night.
The conference lasted .until after &
REBELS MENACE SAN
LUIS P0T0SI. REPORT
Five Thousand Vre snld to be Closing
in on Second Wealthiest City In
r..rif4 for Atf.-iot. '
'U'oirt.r. ritir -ex Tan -em , I
Mexico City. Mex Jan. 3 Fiye thou-
sand rebels havjfc demanded the surren
der of San LWs PotosL the - second
wealthiest city I in the republic. The
rebels under tljfe command of Eulalla
Gutierrez and jranclseo Cofes, ara re
ported to be ifbsing' in on the city
from the north and west.
Railroad men "know practically noth- I
ing concerning what is going on north !
of San Luis Pdtosi, 'where the rebels i
vices received by them todav irt t. J '
rSltiS tSSni!."" .
are in control as ir as saitillo. Ad-
nlntnAtit tx finisnta hf) ruhA.. j a. J
near MocteznmaSOialf.wav ht L.
. . . ,n ;..- ... kj.4. i
Luis Potosi andi Saltillo. The report
said 300 soldiers were killed it i.
understood the workmen on the train
were impressed into the rebef armv
Not hrinn- convinced that ran,.i t
mero will be able successfully to resist
the rebels, many wslltodo residents of
San Luis Potosi have arrived in the
capital and still others are reported
to be 'coming here.
The capture of Saa Luis Potosi. be
sides the wealth it would add ' to the
rebel offers, would 4 result in the em
barrassment of the i overnment. as it
would effectually bl.-k the importa
tion of oil bv way of Tampico
MAM EL MASCAREXA'J, NOW
,. , - FED art At, is IN C1T.Y I
Manuel Mascarenas, former pre-
visional governor of the state of So-
nora, is here from los Angeles, en
route to San Antonio to attend court He '
was arrested here curing the Orozco '
rolution on a charge of taking mu-
nitions of war to Juarez. i
ewrapiIXr-BBO' I 4UfaJ.
55!PlBP,,t!HErsJ"assiar saw j
M Tl FT nil IF
j isi hi YiewiaBrara wx--!tei&
SMALLPOX BREAKS 6U1 AMONG WOUNDED; FEDERALS ARE JAID
t v. i
BY CHAS. A. PRYOR, OF EL PASO FEATURE FILM CO.. AND H. H. KILPATRICK. OF MARFA
PRESIDIO, Texas, Jan. 3. Most terrific fighting of the week's battle at Ojinaga between die defending fed
erals and the attacking rebels, is in progress today.
Artillery has been used more extensively since last night than at any time since the rebels opened the fighting last
Monday night. The artillery duel during Friday night was also a furious one.
The federal batteries are showing good marksmanship, but the rebels are shooting high and many of their shells
have faHen onto American territory, resulting in further warnings being sent to the combatants and a denial from the
federals that any of their shells are endangering Americans.
Terror has been added to the condition of the refugees here by the outbreak of smallpox among the wounded
in the Presidio hospital.
' During the night the federals crept out of the trenches, at least 200 of them, and obtained positions m the
river bottom about half a mile from" the rebel outpost to the southeast. At this point, the rebels had several hundred
mea'intrenched, protected By two machine guns.
At 8 oclock this morning the rebel outpost discovered the federals and the battle was on; big guns from die fed
erals opened up to protect the retreating federals, the federals haviag "railed to displace oW rebels from mis advanced
SHELLS THROWN OVER PRESIDIO.
'Yesterday at 12 oclock, when some rebels were crossing some four miles below Presidio, the federals attempted
lb shell, the crossing; -and threw a number of shells over this place, but they burst too high to do harm.
One hundred thousand dollars in Mexican money was brought here from Marfa yesterday to pay the federal
"lidrtliersf today, having'been recovered by sheriff Chastain from those who stole it
--- The-federals are closely guarding the river points for desertions and a mutiny is feared because they have re
ceived no pay.
A number of Red Cross nedole
-T- Early last" night the federals
$$th Jbe rebels.
MaJ. srcNanVoe Wires.
to Gn, Bfc L.
thefrjunu igeapitaj yuoadjed
eated by JJed Cross. Have
arrangements made -for caring for sick
JknA tx,nMn4A 1m..i I 1 IUIH IttAMton am)
children camn foTlcwers. on -other side
of river awaiting resalt of fight. Uan-
migration officers and Red Cross are
to take charge of them. Also I am co-
operating in lending all possible assist-
No opposition to the crossing of
women and children refugees Is to be
made if they desire asylum in this
Natera in Command.
Gen. Panfilo Natera, and not Gen.
Toribio Ortega, is In command of the
reDel forces besieging Ojinaga. niatera
has been in command of the rebel col-
un,n ever s'nee it left Chihuahua, al-
, tnougn tbe jmpression' that Ortega was
this- renorfc by 1 t
BSreea. t1 1raHilnirf far I - - 7.- -,
tne leaner is in general circulation. The redfrais nave zo large new
Natera is a general of division, while , pieces and hundreds of rounds of am
Ortega commands only a brigade. Or- munition. The payroll is now in the
tega is a native of Ojinaga and there- hands of Mercado and the soldiers are
f6re is Jfamiliar. with every foot of being paid
country in that section. He has prob- Trinidad Rodriguez has arrived with
ably taken the main part in advising . large rebel reinforcements.
Natera as to tne most advantageous
positions to place his troops for the
assault on Ojinaga, .
Rebels Storm Forts.
In the heaviest fighting since the at
tack on Ojinaga started, the rebels
stormed the fortifications of the fed1-
. , i . . j .-.,
er5. a3n la" J""1""1"?. "",r
win by sheer excess of numbers. The
cannonading was terrific, numbers of
shots falling on American soil, but as
yet mere is no immeaiaie hjwko..
There was no sleep for anyone last
Advancing rebels were repulsed by
Salasar's forces on the left wing, the
volley firing and machine firing being
terrific. Every available cannda is.be
ing discharged by both sides. The
massed rebel forces charged Caatro at
the right and center.
There have" been no more desertions,
the soldiers fighting gallantly.
MeXamee Issues Ultimatum.
Maj. .McNamee has issued .an .ulti
matum to the opposing generals re
garding 'the indiscriminate firing upon
American soil, and Gen. Mercado
has by a -special envoy, the- entire
federal maps, showing the fortifications
and' the entn-e list and' location of
guns, saying that these maps he wpaH
r not show to - any other nation in the
world. Federals claim that all snots
that, are fired on American soil .ai
from'; the rebels. -
.One Shell Wounds 7S.
One shell Iast night burst in the
midst of the rebel headquarters?1.
wounding 75. The rebels mlgnredlttfeiy
shifted their .position. The federals
are carefully reserving their fire" and
Lar?e supplies of food and 'medicine
were. taken, to botfh armies today.. Both
rebel and federal shells dro- Won the
American side today. The ' ild -cor-
respondent delivered a message to'Qen.
0ptL J. Mal. McNamee. stating the
i Ortega from Maj. McNamee. stating the
port would be ciosea it tnere is a con
tinuance of shelling to this aide.
Four Hundred Dead. " '
The dead on both sides will not ex
ceed 400, -r twice as many are
wounded.' Reinforcements ae arriving,
all the time for -the rebels and a big
battle is expected" tonight.
Every courtesy is being 'extended to
Americans and care is being used .by
both (.ides, as much as possible, to keep
tne shells on the Mexican territory.
Merc Wand Salazar say they will die
Smallpox Develops In Hospital.
I Smallpox has broken out in the hos
! pital, in the old church here, where 5
, federal soldiers and Gen. Carrevo are
confined. All Americans are to be vac
' cinated. Maj. McNamee will try to
' have all refugees, vaccinated, as It Is
feared the smallpox may .become epi
demic IIoHpltals Crowded.
The Red Cross doctors and nurses
have the hospitals packed with the
injured from both sides. Cannonading
I is continuous and It looks like a con
certed attack from all sides by the
Woman Lends Attack.
I One nr thn main attacking: rebel
leaders is a women named Maria Gul-
terrez, who has repeatedly been in the
thiok of the fighting
The rebels stormed the federal
trenches at 11 oclock last night, with
the heaviest firing they have eer had
The federals during Thursday night
catpured thrfe rebels anri executed two
immediately. One wounded must await
arrived todav. Thev broufiht tents and
fired several thousand shots, after which
I Federal- toHer a KeunJse
i Dozens were killed and many wound- .
ed on both sides, when a portion of the ;
garrison s.t Ojinaga attempted to dis- j
lodge a "Constitutionalist" machine i
I gun in the first arroyo nearest to
j Ojinaga. The federals were severely
repulsed and a great artillery duel was i
fought, following the retreat of the I
j federals. j
Will Die Fighting. j
i Both sides have large supplies of am- '
munition. In an interview today, Merca- J
do. Castro and Salazar said that they
' wnnli Hie firhfrino. rather than mr.
! render Ojinaga.
I The port is open for supplies only.
WITH REBEL CHIEF
General Manager of GHggenbelm Smel
ter Interests Is Trged to Reopen
the Chihuahua Plant.
H. R. Wagner, general manager of
the Guggenheim smelter interests in
Mexico, is here for a conference with
Pancho Villa about the reopening of
the Chihuahua smelting plant.
To open this plant was one of the
purposes of Villa s visit to Juarez. Villa
is anxious to" have the smelters of
northern Mexico reopened and has giv
en the managers assurances that they
will be permitted to operate
By reopening the Chihuahua smelter,
the mines of the state will be permitted
to operate and Villa will have a source
of income and will also have employ
ment for the large number of unem
ploed, who have been thrown out of
work by the closing down of the fac
tories, mills and mines
SAYS UNITED STATES
WILL INTERVENE SOON
London, Eng., Jan " 3 The Spectator
ip an article 'on the Mexican situation
declares that the pressure of public
opinion in all the rest of the world
will force the United States to inter
vene in Mexico. The article points
out that president WUson made a mis
take in not assuming that president
Huerta would be " the strongest force
I with which -to bring about peace m
Mexico and in supporting him accord
ingly, but it adds that it understands
perfectly the reason -why Mr. Wilson
did not adopt such a course.
. "Instead," the article sajs, "he did
what, with all respect,' we must say,
was the worst thing he could have
.done. He intervened and pretended.
knot to be intervening; he deprecated
bloodshed and " anarchy and yet he
would neither stop i,t himself or let
anyone else do so. The only way left
tor the United States is for themseU es
to restore order In Mexico."
. 1 n arrx rwmrm srn
arf-rt , .'. . 1 mm bl.bl.bi bebi . rm Bt aw. .
- is W, 7 ,'
REBELS DRA W BACK
FEDERAL ATROCITIES AT NUEVO LAREDO REPORTED
AFTEiR FUTILE ATTACK
LAHBDO, TEX , Jan 3 "Constitu
tionalists" who for two days have
unsuccessfully assaulted Nuevo
Laredo, have withdrawn and are en
camped five miles east today. It is re
ported that they have been reinforced
by .400 cavalr and 400 artillery and
that the assault will be resumed late
Whatever advantage there was at
the end of the second days' battle in
the siege of Nuevo Laredo, Mexico,
seemed to be with the federal defend
rs. In the most important engagement
Friday a "Constitutionalist" machine
gun detachment of 10P men was dis
lodgeH from its position inoo arils
from the federal poitsinns and the reb
els broke and fled after 3." had bt en
they refused to reply to the ran of fire
RUN HIGM FIGHT
t Two ?feowad nee to Pre-
sicfe) Front Ojinaga and
Are Withonfe Food.
ALL BEING HELD
PRESIDIO, Tex, Jan. 3. Two
thousand Mexican refugees includ-
ing half starved women and chil
dren and some federal deserters,
rushed across the river to the United
States today to seek nrotection from
the battle at Ojinaga, Mex., opposite
The refugees were scattered with
out shelter along the river bank for
two miles, while the heavy artillery
firing between the federals In the
trenches at Ojinaga and the attacking
rebel forces continued less than a
I mile back from the American border.
' The arrival of so many unfed and
ragged people imposed an arduous
task upon the United States border
patrol and the few Red Cross officials
who are here. As many as could be
induced to go were sent to walk the
distance to Marfa, Tex., 67 miles.
Meantime the little mission church at
Presidio was crowded with wounded.
Instructions came from Washing-
ton today to hold as prisoners all de
serters who cross the river. Hereto
fore the border patrol has disarmed
and sent back unwounded deserters.
TO CROSS SUPLIES
Rebels are being permitted to cross
foodatnffs for the fighters at Ojinaga,
and are asking for equal rights with
the federals in obtaining other ele
ments fs Continue the fight.
Gen. Hgh L. Scott received a mes
sage ftom major McNamee at Presidio
Saturday naomng with this informa
tion. The telegram to Gen. Scott
read: "Firing still continues at in
tervals day and night. The rebel
forces completely surround Ojinaga
except on otr side, at a distance of
3000 to 400 yards. I am permitting
foodstuffs 'to pass to "Constitutional
ist" following at the ford three males
east of town. They are asking equal
privileges as are being given the fed
erals." VILLA IS RETICENT
ABOUT lOJXT MOVE
"I have not decided when I will leave
Juarez or where I will go when I do
depart," said Gen. Pancho Villa Satur
day. He was noncommunicative when
asked if he intended to take personal
command of the rebel army attacking
Ojiiaga, saying that he thought the
federals vould be driven from the town
without much difficulty by Gens. Na
ttra and Ortega.
killed. The federal loss was given at
It was reported, but not confirmed,
that the federals had put to death
wounded rebels left on the field A
captured rebel was trussed up with a
rope to the tail of a wild horse which
was then sent plunging aciosb the
plain, dragging the body behind. The
prisoner had been shot but it was not
known whether he was den;
Another report was that a wounded
"Constitutionalist." his arms tied be
hind his back and his kmes tied to his
bod, was spitted on a pol. uiJ paraded
in front of the federal lines. It was
iearned that the federals are maintain
ing a v lirilant border p-trol on the
Mexican si l, uid that no Mexican oiti
.' n is pei nutted to cross the river.