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in this era of nationalities Panslavlst
sympathies have proved stronger tha;
the old political springs of action, and
the ?idal antipathy Jbetween Slay and
Teuton has created an at""00
can only be cleared by the thunders
Russia has only once been at war
with Prussia, when the empress Elizabeth-espoused
the cause of the empress
Maria Theresa against that woman
hater, Frederick the Great The Rus
sians were defeated by Frederick at
Zorndorf In the most sanguinary battle
of all modern tlmas; but In conjunc
tion with the Austrians. they amply re
venged themselves at Kunersdorf in the
next campaign. The war was termln-
ated by the timely death of the czarina.
The Prussians also were forced against
their will to follow Napoleon's eagles
to the Invasion of Russia.; but like the
Austrians. they did as little harm as
possible to their nominal enemies, and
on the retreat of the French army they
went over to the Russians.
After the overthrow at Napoleon.
Russia. "Prussia and Austria were long
united la the .holy alliance, but since
the unification of Germany and the ad
mission of the Magyars to an equality
with the Austrians la the dual mon
archy the antipathy between Slav and
Teuton baa been steadily growing till it
has culminated in the present outbreak
J Making Motion Pictures of Wild Life J
The Dummy Cow and the Canvas ,Kock, Two of the Subterfuges Used by the Photographer to Fool the Jungle
Folk Into Having Their LikflneKSPd Taken.
Here's the dummy cow with the operator inside. Note the unsuspicious attitudes of the African water birds.
Let no one
beasts of prey
is without a
perils. In this
picture the pho
to man is hid-
Germany Would Repeat
Great Victory of 1870
The present attempt of the Ger
mans to march on Paris recalls the
similar plan of that nation during
the Franco-Prussian war. when Bis
marck marshaled the entire forces
of Germany against the French in
1870. The fighting bepan on Aug;
4. at the battle of Weissenburg,
where the Frencn suirered a disas
trous defeat. Other famous battles
of the war took place at Mars-la-Tour,
Gravelotte. Sedan and Strass
pursr, all the victories golne; to the
Germans. The battle of Sedan, on
Bept 1. 1870. was the really decisive
contest of the war. With all the
x-rcucu armies in tne provinces de
feated. thA PVn.h i.
tions for an armistice, which later
brought peace between the warring
nations. The cause of war was France's
jealousy of the growing Importance
of Prussia, which power Bismarck
was determined to- place at the head
of a United Germany. The political
si tuition in Spain furnished an oc
casion for the actual outbreak of
hostilities. Prince Leopold of Ho
henzollern consented to be a candi
date for the vacancy of the Spanish
throne. The arrangement had the
appoval of the king of Prussia, but
the French regarded the plan with
displeasure, and demanded that no
Hobenxollem prince be permitted to
accept the crown. The demands of
the French were not recognized by
Germany, and the French took Im
mediate steps for war.
The war settlement gave Alsace
and most of Lorraine, including the
cities of Met and Straseburg. to
Germany. Germany also got a war
Indemnity of $1,060,006,000.
RESTNOI. OINTMENT, with
Easinol Soap, stopa itching
lasUnUj.quJckly and easily beala
the meet distressing cases of ee
setaa, rash or other tormenting
rida or scalp eruption, and clears
tnrzf Naples, bfadcheads, red
bcbe, rongixrieaa sad dandroS
wbea other tretraenti hare
prorea only a warte of time and
teaxj. Bevaro of imitetions.
BIdI b sold Iv jnetlaBy amy drv
4t ddta Etatas. U. y cut
Us it at ocr ipsm. WrMa tadsr ta
Sq.2U.SoriBd. Bsitsaor. Md, Jar
a Snal trial cf Rotod Otataxot asl
nor t-rfc-t ft n. rsjr. i-rai ""iy
I ?$ K.fr3&'imL ' -" ," Vift 1 " -!,,?8l
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WORLD'S MOST REMARKABLE.
Photography Is Now Possi-
oie jBeneath the Sea;
Danger to Actors.
The large cut shown above is a re
production, of what has been declared
to be the most remarkable photograph
eTer Tr en. ?t shnwa nn.i ..&
ah5f 'Jll Blabbing an 18 foot
fhL" JS?.1 b?oeath the surface or
if .. Thls P'etofe is one of 20.000
it? .2 i1 secured beneath the ocean
vL!i SBbJna''Ine Film company, of
fSH VnI.,;r the a"Plces of the Smith
StSit?,i,nsUtntlon at 'Washington. The
?JSS5iUva TLas T "fd and was at
JKJ5. - ? tte most Prominent scien
tists in the country.
BRITISH Jfvn jriDxcfn
CRUISERS HUXT CER3IAX
Jff-tU.'WMlL Au& !S. The British
cruisers .Newcastle and Rainbow and
the Japanese cruiser Idzumo are still
cruising along Vancouver Island and
"northern British Columbia coast,
seSS?D5. .he Gnmu cruiser Leipzig.
The belief is growing that the Ger
man vessel did not come north of Cape
Mendocino. Cal, where she was sighted
urn luijg ago.
.. Tje report from British Columbia
that a steam schooner had sailed from
Seattle with cc-.I for the Leipzig is
fiJS&L ' "2?
XS&rr 11 : r .t??..mSXL .... i.32v
I 'MHim hi ii in' mm h i"
ig&ggSM -wa ffiffarM 7SyS Ik'sk jBb
AKmwlfmvmmwrSmmmmalSmEm5' '" SmwtmmmKmmtmmmSy
exploded by the fact that the vessel In
quest.on removed her rad.o op;ara.s J
den in a canvas
which he re
corded the ac
tions of the
with a newly
' - .
h and w jM therefore be
f.zi tte Lei,!.,-
Great Britain's Patrol Sys
tem in Atlantic Keeps
Trade Routes Open.
New York, Aug. 2J. With hostile
warships prowling about, wreat Brit
ain has brought into action a carefully
planned pc-H" patrol of the Atlantic
ocean Cruisers are the policemen and
th naval bases are the police stations.
The scheme has been tried out In ma
neuvers and now many indications
show it is working almost perfectly.
Depending on this the British admir
alty has announced the Atlantic Is safe
tn neutral merchantmen and those
friendly to- Great Britain
Ten Cruiser on Duty.
The British plan cal.i for 10 first
clas cruisers on the main ocean routes
between ports of America, and the
Xnited Kingdom. Nine of these are
reported as on duty the Suffolk. Ber
wick. Bristol, Good Hope. Drake. Essex.
Abouklr. Euryahus and Lancaster. It
is thought the cruiser Cornwall Is the
tenth. . . M. .y .
Naval men who have studied the re
ports of sighting British fighting ships
believe the cruisers on patrol are
stretched over a course passing north
from the Bahamas to Bermuda, thence
to off Cape Hatteras. thence past New
Tork to Nantucket Shoals and thence
to the Grand Banks, and finally the
Have Five Provision Bases.
The naval bases depended upon for
coal and provisions are St Lucia and
Barbadoes in the West Indies; Ber
muda: Halifax and St Johns. New
foundland. The cruisers range from
S000 to 14.0M tons In size and at fair
speed can steam two weeks at a
stretch. , ,
The British admiralty weighed care
fully the relative advantages of con
voy's tor merchant craft and a trada
patrol before deciding on the latter.
In recent maneuvers the British placed
totalled station ships on a trade route
at 500 mile intervals. These ships
.. jIk&a.a .a k nn m m,ffAl4 vnl
were acvu m" "" "i.v...v- --
rldian each day. They changed posi
tion daily, but the exact locajity ior
each dav was known to all other ves
sels in the patrol by preconcert The
merchant vessels could be passed from
one station ship to another.
It is this scheme which now, accord
ing to the best information in shipping
circles here, is being carried out There
were to be smaller or Intermediary
vessels between the larger station
ships, but bo far the British do not
appear to have been able to spare more
than the ntne cruisers, which does not
allow for any reserve after assigning
for the New Tork to Ireland and the
Bermuda to West Indies routes,
neeall War of 1812.
It Is a coincidence, perhaps, that dur
ing the war of 181S the first British
naval fleet on the American coast con
sisted of five ships of war, namely, the
Shannon, the Africa, the Aeolus, the
Guerriere and the Belvidere. It was
this force which attempted to overhaul
the Constitution on the New Jersey
coast The above five British vessels
were patroilng on the North American
trade route, using Halifax as a base,
and were only brought together In con
sequence of commodore Rodgers taking
the sea, with five American vessels,
namely, the President the United
States, the Congress, the Hornet and
the Argus. In self defence the Brit
ish cruisers were compelled, to concen
trate, and in one instance the British
force eottvoyea a large neei. oi -llsh
merchantmen 1090 miles off the
American coast The presence of the
British fleet oft New Jersey, when the
Constitution was trying to get into
New Tork, was occasioned by Broke,
the British flag officer, cruising in
search of Rodgers.
Wirelen Help Patrol Ships.
rm... ImIm. t.l.ffnnh TAnriADt It
unnecessary for a cruiser to actually
run down to a merchant craft So long
as the latter Is in communication with
the station vessel, she has the means
for calling for assistance should the
The presence of the Suffolk off New
Tork Is regarded as thoroughly in
keeping with to lessons British cruis
ers learned in the past namely, that
it is more advisable to He in wait for
the enemy's merchant craft at the
point of departure than at the sup
posed point of arrival. So long as
British cruisers lie off the port of New
v.-,- l .S11 W .a4Arnn,lB WArV fOf a
German steamship to attempt a run
out. xne laci inL duwi a .., ..
Ists, practically ties up every German
,-, f, ,.- in this harbor until the
cessation of the war.
RUSSIA AND AUSTRIA
NEVER WARRED BEFORE
nutory Shown That This Is the First
Time the Tito Itaees have Really
Been Pitted in Battle.
Nenr York. Aug. . In the Army
and Navv Gazette Lieut Gen. F. H.
Tyrrell calls attention to the remark
able historical fact that Russia and
Austria have never yet been at war
with each other seriously. They were
at one time nominally at war. when
Vannlnn at th hAlffht of hl9 nOwer.
j forced Austria to declare war against
Russia, and an Austrian contingent
formed the right wing of La Grande
Armee which Invaded Russia in 1812.
Bnt the Austrians took good care not
to come to blows with the Russians,
and did not even interfere to hinder
the march of Tchlchakoffs army from
the Danube to the Blreaina.
Russia and Austrdla. on the other
hand, have often been allied in war
against the Turks. French. Poles and
Prussians, and as late as 1819 a Rus
sian army came to the help of the Aus
trian: to crush the revolt of the Hun
garians. The conservative policy of the
two despotic governments, and their
mutual hatred of Turks, Poles and
Frenchmen, were the links of interest
and sentiment which united them; but
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