' Mexican bank notes. 12 Mexican
T 35 Chihuahua, currency, 5H
urdna cnrreEcy Bar silver (Han-
1v a Harmon quotation) 50 Copper 19
i rams. loner Livestock steady
H rv and Wert Texas, air; New
Mexico, fair, warmer; Arizona, fair.
J. I JtJ
LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
EL PASO. T-XAS. SATURDAY EVENING. MAY 8. 1915.
DELIVERED ANYWHERE t CENTS A MONTH. 32 PAGES. 4' SECTIONS. TODAY.
SINUL.E COPT FIVE CENTS.
Japan Plans To Disarm Chinese ArmyffPj
Japans Plan Of Campaign
Invoices Seizure Of Cities
Throughout China. .
China Finds She Had Al
ready Agreed To More
Than the Ultimatum.
TOKIO. Japan. May 8. The Jap
anese foreign office anounced
this morning that it had re
te ved no information as to the nature
of Chinas reply to Japan's ultimatum.
The press published today an outline
of a program said to have been decided
upon by the government for military
and naval action against CMas ttnttn
event, now regard as MadHtelft Slot
an open rupture shonld occur. The pro
gram as published provides for the oc
cupation by Japan of the ce iters of
"Health and politic power of China.
Japans aim ij these operations
Mould be to avoid bloodshed if pos
sible. Chinese troops would be cap
tured and disarmed and not fired on,
Would Seize Pekln.
The operations in the north of China.
a -wording to this program, a strong
force would be landed to occupy Pekin.
Tien Tsm and other Important points
and seize the railroads.- In the south
m'portant moves would be made Jointly
nv trie army and navy.
st-ls would be sweat from the coast.
The chief base of operations would be.
established at Tien Tsing.
China Has "Weak. Vrmy.
It is generally estimated here that
China has about 4S6.00O troops under
arms. 300.000 having had modern mili
t irv training and the remainder be
longing to the old school.
China Drafts Compliance.
Pi kin, China, May S The attaches
o the foreign office were at work
al night drafting the terms of China's
compliance with the demands of Japan.
The reply will be delivered to M.
Hioki, the Japanese minister, this
en-pine or Sunday morning. The
CTinese note will review China's case: j
answer me caaiKW coniaineo in me
ultimatum and accept the demands
Queer Feature of Ultimatum.
The handing in of the Japanese ul
timatum to China has brought oat one
point which has caused surprise.
It teems that Japan, after insisting
on the acceptance of her demands, sus
pended her ultimatum discussion of
f-roup fie, with the exception of the
lmand bearing upon Fukien province,
tn which vhe Chinese had agreed .in
t' eir reply of last Saturday The rec
ti ids now show that China offered to
i oncede- to the Tokio government more
than the ultimatum now exacts from
her It was learned today that in the
course of vice minister Tsao Ulin's
visits to the Japanese legation Friday"
een:ns- he nronosed ifrhallv tn nr
the Japanese railroad demands; to grant
school and hospital privileges, offered
to bestow land without compensation
Upon the Japanese and proposed to
Withdraw Chinas three requirements
regarding Shantung province, namely
the return of he status quo before the
war China's participation in the peace
conference and compensation for dam
apes in tbe :Kiao Chow compaign.
Roosevelt "One of Thieves' Band
lo 1900," Declares Pettigrew,
VUom-T. R. Had Called a "Swine
NEW YORK. May 8. In a let
ter written by CoL Roosevelt
in October, 100. to l,Boss"
Piatt, and produced in evidence at
the Syracuse trial, the colonel, re
ferring to R. F Pettigrew. then
senator from North Dakota, said
'Good Lord' I hope we can eat
Pettigrew for the senate. That par
ticular swine seems to me. on the 1
nuie, me most noxious of the lot "
The New York World telegraphed
the expression to ex-senator Petti
grew at Paco, Wash . asking for
( omment on it- Here is the reply:
To the Editor of the New York
'ou ask me what emotion the
colonel s characterization arouses in
me now, and jou ask if I am still a
Progressive. It is ouite likely CoL
Roosevelt entertained "the views ex
pressed in the Utter to senator
GERMANS REACH THE BALTIC SEA
BIG HP'S HUE
Insurance Totals $7500,000;
Lusitania Carried Sup
plies of Ammunition.
New York. Mav S. Insurance on'the
Lusitania. it was said today, amounted
to J7.SO0.0OO The vessel was valued
in round figures at S10.000.000. The
worth of tbe carsro she carried was
reckoned todav at 735.000
On the amount of insurance carried,
it is understood the line paid a pre
mium of 3 percent and a. sneclfl war
risk premium of 1 l- newent for each
trip. It is understood that the line
carried one-third of the Insurance, the
remainder being divided among Lloyd's
and other underwriters. About one
naif the insurance upon the cargo was
taken by local underwriters and the
rest by Lloyd's.
War Munitions Aboard.
The cargo rate,' influenced by the
theory that the fast liner was too
Y speedy to be caught by a torpedo, was
l percent, much lower than tbe cus
tomary trans-Atlsntic rate at this time.
The Lusitania carried 250 bags of
mail. She had no specie aboard.
On her manifest the largest single
item Was listed as "cartridges and am
munition. 4260 cases. J15J.OO0." The
cartridges and ammunition cases were
enanMsTned to London.
Tfeere.-aae frequent mention dwrjns
Uk day of the fact that tbe advertise-meat-
placed by the German embassy
in New York newspapers the morn
ing of the Lusitsnfa's sailing, had re
appeared m the newspapers today.
"This Is Vaster Scale
OfMurdcr Than Piracy
Ever Produced" T. R.
Syracuse, X. T, May 8 Commenting
heatedly on the .blowing up of the
Cunard liner Lusitania by a German
submarine. CoL Theodore Roosevelt
said Friday night-
.litis is t not merely piracy, nut
piracy on a vaster scale of murder
than any old time pirate ever prac
ticed. This is the warfare which de
stroyed Louvain and Dinant, and hun
dreds of men, women and children in
Belgium. It is warfare aeainst inno
cent men, women and children travel
ing on the ocean, and it is our fellow
countrymen who are the sufferers.
"It seems inconceivable that. we can
retrain from taking ction in this mat
ter, for we owe it not only to humanity
bnt to our own, self respect."
Captain Slays Al Post
Until Ship Sinks; Is
Rescued From the Sea
London. Eng May 8 Capt. Turner,
of the Lusitania. stood at his post or.
the bridge until his ship went dowi,
and was- rescued three hours, afterward
wearing a life belt, according to D. A.
Thomas, tbe Cardiff, Wales, coal mag
nate. C0NSUL CABLES LIST OF
43 AMERICAN SURVIVORS
London, Kng Mav S The American
consul at Qneenstown, in a telerram to
the United States embassy here, said
he sad cabled, the state depar'ment at
'Washington a list containing names of
"There may be another-di-zen Ameri-.
cans not in touch with. me. .1 also be
lieve that Qne tender load of survivors
landed, at Clonakilty
"The survivors will proceed at soon
or later 'this afternoon. The total sur
vivors at Qneenstown comber M.
About ST bodies remain unidentified.'
I Piatt, for in 1900 I was Progressive
and CoL Roosevelt was a stalwart
Republican and, a minor member of
Mark lianna's. Aid rich's and Joe
Cannon's band of theives. who made
the government of the United States
the most corrupt government in the
world at that time.
"Roosevelt believed, with the rest
of the gang, that property rights,
were more sacred than human
rights, and that the rights qf prop
ert should be protected rather than
tbe rights of man nd therefore tbe
owners of property should own the
government and run it in the in
terest of tbei stolen wealth.
"Mr Roosevelt has since changed
his views on these questi ns and
become a Progressive. When he
he changed his views he bec- le mv
friend and I became - s friend I
believe in the principles of Social
ism R. F Pettigrew "
Germany Has Seen Wbat We Mean Bv "Strict Accountability"
Teutonic Dash Through the
Russian Provinces Suc
ceeds; Goal Reached.
AT LIB AU ARE 1600
Germans Also Wage Fierce
In the West.
RKRLIN, "Germany, May 8. Official I
announcement was made at the I
J-' German war office today that the J
city of Libaii, in the province of Cour- J
land, Bussta, has been captured by the
. uljtie capture of t."t" the ilermatu
bare gabion ojm ot the main objects
of their invasion of the Baltic prov
inces. This movement was deigned
to occupy Llbau and, Riga, whiclr-woold
enable the Germans to harass com
munications with PetrograU.
Lfbau Is an important seaport and
indsstrlal center. It Is about 75 miles
along the seaeoast from the German
Violent Fighting at 1 pre.
The text of the communication fol
lows: "On the greater part of the' front
there were Friday the usual artillerv
dnels. which in certain places, namelv
at Ypres, north of Arras, in the Ar
gon ne, and in the hills of the Meuse.
Increased in violence from time to time.
"An infantry battle took place in
the Vosges. Only in this section did
the French attack our! positions. At
Stetnbureck on both sides of the val
ley of the river Fecht, they attacked
after a preliminary fire of artillery
which lasted for hours. All these at
tacks resulted In failure with heavy
losses to the French.
Llbau Is Captured.
"In tbe eastern theater of tbe war.
"The troops we sent against the city
it Llbau too kpossession of this town
Friday. Sixteen hundred prisoners. Is
zaanon and four machine guns fell into
"In the i southeastern theater of the
j Russians Are Mill Pursued.
"The pursuit of the defeated eremy
oy tne army under Gen. jsackenzen and
such troops of our allies as Joined this
army, was continued steadily through
out xTKiay our advance forces rossed
the river Wisloka in the "neighborhood
of Krosno in the evening.
"The Joint action of all parts of the
army engaged in this advance led to
the cutting off of i not inconsiderable
Russian forces. Conseauentlv the total
number of prisoners taken in the Ga-
iician area since the end of April so
far has been increased to about 50,
000. Thirty-eight cannon, including
nine of heavy caliber, have been taken
from the Russians."
nrltlfth Recapture Trrnchejc.
Paris. France, May 8 The French
war office this afternoon gave' out a
report on the progress of hostilities,
"In Belgium Friday at daybreak the
Germans delivered a violent attack
against Uie British line near St, Julien.
This attack was repulsed and the
enemy suffered heavy losses.
"South of Ypres at rfill No S, the.
British troops Friday recaptured a fur
ther section of the trenches lost by
them three das ago."
ANOTHER LINER CAPTAIN
WANTS TO MEET SUBMARINE
New York. May 8 "I have been
hunting for a submarine ever since this
war began. I only hope we meet one
and that she comes close enough for
me to ram her" '
This was the statement Friday of
CapL John Black, of the British owned
Anchor liner Transylvania, which
sailed Friday for Li erpool" within a
few hours after the news of the sink
ing of the Lusitania was received. Cape.
Black 'tas transferred to the Transyl
vania, from the British auxiliary cruis
Do you expect to fly the American
flag when ou reach the war zone?" he
was asked. . ,
"No. sir I'll take my ship to port
with the flig of England flying or not
at all," he replied.
All precautions, howerer, Capt. Black
said, would be observed when the
Transylvania reached the war zone.
Of the Transylvania's passengers. 117
were in the first cabin, 310 in the sec
ond and 452 in the steerage
Almost half of the passengers were
from Canada, it was said There was
little nervousness apparent among the
passengers, all of whom had heard of
the Lusitania s fate Twelve cancel
ations were received.
A. G. Vanderbilt,
a Lusitania Victim
y w iHtliiii
vappp --, !
f iT,i i ?iX,"VHsJr- ,
' JjfS&s vs -
Paris, France, XMay 8 A dispatch
from Tenedos to the IIaas agency
says that, although the bombardment
of the Dardanelles fort is being con
tinued by the allied fleet, all Turkish
batteries as far up tbe straits as
Nagara, at the end of the narrows
nearest Constantinople, have ceased
firing and apparently have been de
stroyed: lyALY TO DECLARE
WAR ON TURKEY
Geneva, Switzerland, May S. The
Tribune publishes ad ispatch from
Rome saying tbe Italian government
has decided, owing to the recent up
rising in Tripoli, to notify- Turkey 0
it considered oid the treaty ot Lau
sanne. Such a notification, tbe Tri
bune says, would amount to a declara
tion of war.
THINK AMERICAN CONSUL
IS SEIZED BY GERMANS
London, Eng , May S E. Kilbourne i
Foote. American vice consul at Chem-
nitz, is missing, according to announce
ment made here today by the Central
News. It says Foote left his post a
month ago for America Nothing has
been heard from him since and it Is
thought he has been stopped by tbe
German authorities. Foote is a native
STEAM TRAWLER IN SUNK
BY GERMAN SHELL FIRE
London, Enf?.. May S. A dispatch to
tbe Central News from Aberdeen saya
the steam trawler Rennlngton, one of
three which escaped from a -Geroan
submarine Sunday, was sunk by shell
fire from a submersible off Aberdeen
shire at 4 oclock Friday afternoon. The
crew was saeu by a Norwegian
HAVING PREMONITION OF
DANGER, ONE MAN STAYED HOME
Boston. Mass, May 8 Though his
name was on the list of first casta
passengers on the Lusitania, Edward
B. Bowen, a wealthy shoe dealer, was
not among the hundreds of drowned.
He was. at home reading about it
Bowen had a premonition which, al
most at the last moment, kept b jon
137 ArWEBICflMS LOST APPALS U.S.;
CABINET IS II PLANNING ACTION
President Counsels Nation to Withhold Judgment Until
Full Information Is Received; Senator Stone Com-. ,
ments on Fact that Lusi tania Was Ship of Bel
ligerent Nation and Carried War Supplies.
' -e--ir TASHINGTON. D C May S.
, Apftalled by the tragic aspect
" of the Lusitania disaster, as
hourly developments disclosed Its mag
; mtude and far reaching possibilities,
I with the probable loss of AST American
i lives, president Wilson and his advis
ers are waiting tor ail tne iaera ana
for a crystalizatioa of public opinion to
aid in lav ing out the course tbe United
States will pursue ra this latest inter
national complication the gravest the
president has faced mnce tne outbreak
of the European war
General RenresrntatlonA Forecaet.
In many quarters it Was thought
probable representations to Germany
voultl be general covering all the sses
of attack n raencan vessels.
In otfii. al quarters and among dip
lomatists there was apprehension that
the American people might not consid,
er reoresentations sufficient. A spe
cial session -of i)naist.hss bsj Jsllts
of. but there hashes no'mttmhUem ot
it as yet from any official quarter.
' Officials ever where were sparing la
their comment, realizing that a word
from the hish officials of the govern
ment nnght have weight with public
opinion before the facts had been re
ceived and digested.
President Wilson while seeking the
facts hopes the country will assume
in exa-nining attitude and 'reserve full
judgment until complete information is
Embaxsieii Seek Information.
tsec-eiar isran cameo, ainoassauur
ask the German government for Its re
port of the disaster, and to ambassa
dor Page at London he sent messages
urging renewed efforts to aid the suf
fering and gather information.
President ilson, while he went to
the golf links for his recreation, left
instructions to be notified of any im
portant dispatches. Cabinet officers
who had planned a weekend holiday
away from Washington, canceled their
Cha'i-man Stone, of the senate foreign
relations committee, issued a statement j
counseling calmness. He pointed out i
that qualifying circumstances must be
taken under consideration because the
Lusitania was a belligerent, and that
he considered the attack on the Ameri
can steamer Gulflight a much more se
rious offence against neutral rights.
Planned Murder of Centrals.
The American consuls at Queenstown
and vicinity were ordered to render ev
ery assistance to tbe Injured and sur
vivors and take testimony. The fact
that the Lusitania was a British ship,
flyjng the British flag and even bad
oentraband of war aboard, did not re
move from the minds of officials the
ever recurrent thought that a hostile
submarine deliberately destroyed the
ship with the knowledge that hundreds
of defenceless neutrals, including wom
en and children, were aboard.
Everywhere that aspect overshad
owed the legal phases of the case, for
while there is said to be no precedent
in international law for the attack
without warning on a belligerent mer
chantman, it was realized that defence
might be made on the charge that guns
were mounted on the deck That, how-,
ONLY 600 SAVED FROM Iffi
VICTIMS DIE WITH BRAVE HEARTS
QUKENSTOWN, Ireland, May 8.
The various craft which went
out from here to the scene ot
the Lusitania disaster, returned to
Queenstown Friday night and, early
this" morning All of them brought sur
vivors in greater or lesser number. It
is now estimated here that 009 will be
the outside number of those saved No
trace has been found here of either
Alfred G. Vanderbilt or Charles Froh
xnan. The latest rescue boats to arrive are
bringing mostly bodies of the dead
picked up from, the water at the scene
of the disaster The dead here now
number 124, and many of them are
Queenstown has nev er witnessed such
a scene befoie The dead are being
conveyed to morgues and undertaking
.establishments and numbers of motor
cars have been brought into service
to take the injured to hospitals.
Msny of the survivors are still be
wildered from their terrible experiences
and their accounts of the sinking of
the Lusitania are not entirely clear
It Is to be noticed, however, that one
and all united in eulogizing the man
ner in which the ships officers be-
ever, the British government has de
nied. Other Developments Overshadowed.
Other international developments
were completely overshadowed. The
annexation, of Belgium by Germany was
hardly commented upon. The far east
ern crisis, now averted, waslmost to
Tbe president returned to the white
house at neon sad resumed reading
dispatches. He continued ta, aefnse to
make any comment
Americans Amply Warned.
Chairman Stone ot the senate foreign
relations committee made a statement;
in part as follows. '
"It seems to me that good sense dic
tates that we keep our heads until we
get our bearings. It is a bad time to
get rattled and act impulsively.
"We cannot overlook the fact that
Vbt Xositaaia was a British ablp flying
be slatels s sisal silalVliiis,it tne
sv 4SUWM uw ai assa sjhba io
at the tune she Vas'sntacken she was
'carrying mtutary nniillslu to Henrland
for service in the Brtilah army. Trne, ,
there .were American citizens aboard.
but it- must not be forgotten that they
went aboard a belligerent ship with
full knowledge -of the risk and aftCT
official warning by the German govern
ment 'When on board a. British ves
sel tbey were on British aoiL Was not
their position substantially equivalent
to being within the walls of a fortifed
"I express no opinion at this time. I
am merely suggesting reasons why
we should maintain our exmfllbTinm
and not 'rock the boat" until we know
wuai we are aoour.
Where Do We Come Inr
"Aside from tbe possible loss of
American lives, let us ask ourselves
just where we come in. At the present
moment and with the lie-lit now before
me, I confess that it appears to me that
tlon, the Gslflight case presents a more
4-1..m,- j w-.. Z. . Vi.
e"f thTLusitS" ' B thaB
tne case or the LusHanls.
Secretarv RrviTv LSl m. i
earfv i ifu, Ztt3FJLa?l!?
went inw SSSSSSLTSTSS
Lansing and assistant secretary Phil
lips. Officials showed by their de
meanor they reamed? the.- were facing
a grave situation.
Secretary Garrison conferred with his
assistants and secretary Daniels con
sulted bis aides. Everywhere the atti
tude of president Wilson was tbe sub
ject of grave consideration.
Most of them- seemed to agree that It
might be several cays before the pol
icy of the United States could, be
learned, because of the scarcity of in
formation of an official character.
BRITISH STOCK BROKERS
'DRIVE GERMANS OFF FLOOR
London, Eng . May 8 The feeling of
resentment against Germany over the
torpedoing of the Lusitania, was so
strong on the stock exchange this
morning that the British members
united snd turned all their fellow mem
bers of German origin, and also all
German clerks, bodily out of the house.
The scene as tbe big liner went aown
is described by the survivors as heart
rending beyond words Battling for
life, the passengers called to relatives
and friends or bade each other' good
bye. The small boats which had gotten
away from the'side of the liner picked
up a good many survivors who with
life belts or clinging to wreckage, were
floating on the surface of the water.
But soon the boats were crowded.
These boats were in turn picked up by
rescuing steamers coming at fall speed
from shore points bnt in many cases
four or more hours elapsed before the
rescuers reached the scene. '
Editor 1 Paso Heraldl
We wish to thank The Herald for
work. At no time have we known a
ready to give space for our work than
Very sincerely yours,
Sorrow Stricken Relatives
Besiege Cunard Offices;,
Frohmans Body Found,
, ADMIRAL TIRPITZ
Teutons Consider They Are
Revenged for Loss of Fleet
Of Falkland Islands.
LONDON. EnC, May S-The Ex
change Telegraph company
'Berlin. kb WS oLAnutterdaiii which.
"Hgllfcl llw of teletrram. Bf mn
gtntointten are being sent to ad
mlrml von TIrpItx, The German
minister of marine, on the sinking
of the Lnsttanlo. vrhlea Is con
sidered by the Germans to be an
anxrrrr to the destruction of the
German squadron off the Falk
"The news of the loss of the Lu
sitania HM received with mixed
expressions of amazement and en
thusiasm. "Berlin newspapers print the
news of the slnklnc; of the Lusita
nia in colossal type and hall the
successful torpedoing1 of the ship as '
a new triumph for Germany's na
val' policy. The general Impression
is that England has sot what she
Between 45 and-50 relatives 6f nas
sengers on the
1 " a rum m scores ox outers, women
" or the,r dead fathers and
j brother, mourned the women and little
' cbiWrn they ne,er a wouW
I "' of Inquiries grew constants
I ESLL " I-ftLtfT?"? 'J'A'fS-
was s rash of scores of others. Women
" ---."" j.- "1 w. a-
marine Friday alternooc off JUnsaie, on
'he Irish coast
The latest available information in
dicates that about two-thirds of the
persons on boan! tne Lusitania lost
their lives. The number of passengers
is given by the Cunard Steamship rep
resentatives in New Tort as 125i, and
of the crew as 665, a total of ISIS Tho
number of survivors now accounted for
is Tt3. This indicates a death list of
FrohmaD'fl Body Found.
The body of Chas. Frohman. the the
atrical manager of New York, has been
recovered and brought to Queenstown,
where it is now being embalmed.
Hopes that the list of the persons
saved may be materially increased were
dashed by the announcement from the
British admiralty that all but one of
the rescue fleet which put out from
Queenstown had reported and that
there was little prospect of news of
further survivors. Nevertheless inqui
ries are being made all along the coast
in the hope that other rescues n.av
have been -made by smaller craft which
put in at isolated points.
Vanderbilt Still Mlailnc
Of the 2S0 first class passengers, it
is now believed only 76 'were saved. No
word has been received of Alfred
Gwynne Vanderbilt ajd other promi
nent men who were aboard.
Only 31 Americans Saved.
The work- of cosapiltng lists of those
saved Is progressing slowly because of
the indescribable confusion at Queens
town. but apparently few first cabin
passengers are among the survivors.
The United States consul at that port
can account for only 51 Americans
saved out of 188 who were aboard. Hit
roll does not include the names of
Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt, Chas. Froh
man. Elbert Hubbard. Justus Miles
Forman. the author, or Chas. Klein, the
playwright. Of tha Americans. 106
were rb the first cabin. 66 in the sec
ond, and 17 in the steerage.
j Magazine Editor Missing.
Herbert Stuart Stone, eider son of
the general manager of the Assoc tted
Press, is another American vassenger
not accounted for. Youni- Mr Stone
(Oentfamed on race S. Col. I).
all of its kindly internet in our
newspaper more friendly and more
Mrs. Thos. A. Pitt,
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