Newspaper Page Text
CaLle News and
CaLle News and
Saturday, September Sixteenth, 1916.
A1SER FORMS GREAT
RUSSIA DEMANDS GERMAN STAI
U May Bar Germans From Sel
ling Fool On Italian
Soil, Says Leader.
Italian Papers Encourage the
Biller Feeling Toward
IE GM BE
SET OFF ITU
i LIGHT 51
New Discovery of British to
Scatter Death Among
I EXPECTS TO GET!
WE SLICE Of
THREE MEN HOLD GERMANY'S FATE
IS NOT NEEDED
LONIH)X, Eng., Sept. 16. Bombs
hurriedly buried in trenches about
to be abandoned to the enemy and
set off at the proper moment by light
from flaming shells are the latest hor
rible -weapon to be used on the west
ern front. They were invented by H.
Grindell Matthews, an Englishman.
The device is called a "light-o-mine"
and comprises an electric clockwork
arrangement, attached to a series of
rmnr, Switzerland. Sept. IS. The
Ttnme correspondent of the Zurich
The friendly feeling towards Ger- . bombs.
.... . .
The apparatus Itself is about a yard
long and four inches square. It con
sists of a lens at one end, open and
resembling a pocket flash lamp. In
side is a dry battery, a sensitized plate
and a clockwork, and from that lead
wires. When a raid is made on the
enemy trench this apparatus is car
ried, and with it a line of trench
bombs. Now a line of trench bombs
consist merely of M or SO or 180 or 100
yards of ordinary iron piping, a little
larger, for instance, than gas piping.
The piping is cut in suitable lengths
The papers I say ten or i icet long eacn. rrom
I Aath Af lie Anrie nrnlrnAR TWO hitK
( nf wiri the nositive and the netrative !
I for the current to be trans-nitted to
detonate the bombs. The piping is
m?r- -Khih existed in Italy even after
the declaration of war against Austria
has turned into violent hate. It is only
"Trecesary to mention the words "Alle
Tnar.la 'Germany) and Tedescho" (Ger
man to throw the average Italian into
a fit of rage The formerly admired
n-rp.Ti empire today signifies every-th.-g-
that is despicable and abhorrent
to te Italian people.
T lns?ne hatred i fostered by an
aetne T'-ess propagTda
are :'r. r devoting many columns to
s!T. ' G- r.ran atrocities and advocate
an Tt ''-i1 organization modeled after
hr 'P-'tih E -noire union." which aims
to rin-.e rhe Germans not only out of
rall Krgilsh dominions. bt practically
off the face of the earth.
"War of Ilate to Continue.
.. re -? the leaders of the Italian
-fa1'a-i ent said in a public speech: The
war -will, of course, have to end some
dav. because the present bloodshed can-
r not go on forever, but we shall con
tinue our warfare in bloodless manner
after the tr-aty of peace is signed.
'" 'A reconciliation between Italy and
the central powers is an impossibility.
The Italian race is not going to stain
tts honor bv resumirg diplomatic In
tercourse with two nation: who have
provt A that they are or a lower level
Than the African savages
To Bar Ctruunn.
! ' o Gfrmar, Austrian or Hungarian
will ever be permitted to eet his foot
or T'-iI'an oI! again and we even In-
te- ri o Tiake the exchange of letters
v i-i thee Hun? a cr.me.
V.'pfi th.- Teutons lay down their
"""Vr - 1 . ckiiOwlelge their defeat,
1ir w " ' nd that thev have become
: -'v ''siracizea ana cut on iroxn
the -its of the world, they will not
vte .' r f 'o Ine on the small territory
they will he crowded, and
. emigrate, because no coun-
Ti-i it them.'
oughts are expressed by
' ipers wli.ch formerly were
o-German and bitterly at
Lilian government when It
war on the side of the en-
Counts Upon the -Central
Powers Collapsing Dur
ing the Winter.
CLAIM OF PAPERS
Should Germany Continue
The Struggle No Mercy
Will Be Shown.
r.irnfn a t -. l e. -T. .
successes gained by Gen. Brusl
loff in his offensive have con
vinced the Russian nation that the cen
tral powers will be totally crushed in a
short time. The military expert of the
"Novoye Vremya" predicts that Aus
tria will collapse In December or Jan
uary, and that the victorious Russian
armies will again Invade Germany at
the latest in March or April of next
Peace Condition Discussed.
All newspapers are again beginning
to discuss peace conditions. The "Slovo"
"Russia will neer be satisfied with
the mere restoration of the status quo.
packed tightly with alternate Cham- but is rirmly resolved to emerge irom
bers of high explosive and shrapnel. , the war as a much larger empire. All
into v. :'n
rf f i "o:
t-r W ii Tl
' S ' ' ' .
O e n i i , .
ti. -. :!.
'Canada May Tale Over
Strip Of South Alaska
T,r,-fl n r;ng. Sept. ?. Negotiations.
Interrupted by the war, between the
T'r:r'Sh o crnment ?nd the "Washington
k "inr.horit'eF respecting an International
. or, n ';t r to rectify the boundary
1'ne -f southeast Alackr. are to be
- -'! rd shortly At present, the 7u
1 ci! : ritfr, the northern half of
T'.-tish "olumbia, and almost the entire
M-" k-yic basin, are shut out from di--e(
- ,-oir".unication with the Pacific
r.- the co. ft line of southeast Alaska.
This is an unnatural boundary, it is
jrei"! lirre. anj a hindrane to the de
r,c!"PrreMt of both countries. It Is be-tei-(
l.re th.-tt the present Is a suit
able upfoitunitv for handing over the
t-ip l- I'nit'-i States territory in ques
tion in Canada.
bits of iron nails and slugs of metal.
Trying The Mine.
The raiding party carrying this
equipment and preceded by a wave of
grenade throwers, raids the enemy
trench after a short but intense bom
bardment. They bayonet or blow up
with grenades the survivors in the
trench, then hastily lay this line of
piping, all connected up with the wires,
in the bottom of the trench, covering
it over with a few spadefuls of earth.
The end of the long pipe-line of
bombs is attached by wires to the
"light-o-mine apparatus, and this is
hidden in the enemy trench, leaving
the bull's eve lens exposed and pointed
back at some object in the French
The German batteries In the rear
have been advised that an enemy de
tachment is occupying a front trench
section at that point and a few shells I
begin to drop in. That is the signal
for the raiders to clear out and return
to their own positions. Cautiously the
enemy reconnoiters forward. Finally
he armroaehes and finds it deserted.
The first thing he does is to clamber
over the parapet and look for wires
leading across to the raiding party's
positions, and, finding none, has no
suspicion that a mine has been placed
in his trench.
nennano Are Trapped.
Troops are sent forward to re
occupy the trench, and just when it is
comfortably held by the Germans
again, a star shell Is sent up from the
Franco-British position In a line fol
lowing that toward which the lens of
the "light-o-mine" is pointed. The
light serves to set off the long line
of piping, and the Germans are blown
out of the trench.
The mines can be set off in daylight,
ordinary light having no effect on the
lens. Only if the lens were directed
squarely at the sun would it produce
the required effect.
parts of Austria where the Slav element
predominates ronat come under either
Russian or Servian rule. This means
that Galicia and Bohemia will be an
nexed by Russia, while Crotla, Bosnia
and Herzegovina will become parts of
In regard to the annexation of Ger
man territory the "Slovo" states:
"The population of eastern Prussia,
western Prussia. Posen and Silesia con
sists largely of Slavs and it Is only
natural that these large provinces will
j be united with Russia. Our frontier
: must be extended westward to the
Shippers Of British
Trawlers Are Rolling
In Money During War
UjRussia Allows No New
nouses ouiu in empire
TcotniS. Russia. Sept. ? A cur
ious feature showing how great the
crib's caused ' the war is in Russia.
lies in the fact that no new bouses are
allo-wed to be built in Russia, nor even
old ones repaired.
The reason for this is that the gov
ernment cannot spare the necessary
TiiateM.il for the erection of buildings,
: lib as iron for girders and other
mj-tuff- aK these are needed for war
iTnrpsCN. Another reason is that
'ma-.on"; and mechanics would be needed
for buildings who can be better utilized
as soldiers and civilian helpers in war
v ork or in farm duties.
tiondon. Eng.. Sept. 9. The skipper
of the Grimsby fishing trawler has no
reason to complain of the war. for It
has brought him unimagined wealth.
Before the war he was comfortably
off- tndav he is raasincr rich, earning
his JSftOo'to $1.80 a year, and in one Mr! nt Vear? but if thev try to pro
or two cases even more. His wile is Jo - ,hejr hopeless struggle through
decked out In the finest apparel while j the"next summer no mercv will be
her motor jaunts are replete with all shown to them, and in this case we will
the enjoyment that the unstinted com- hesitate to make Berlin a Russian
w.a.iu i u " nB. i rity -nd to annex all of Hungary.'
Not so lone. rinfA tli msTiftfrlnc I "J ."
Oder, even if we have to take Pomera
nia and the Xeumark with their almost
purely German population. The Russl
fication of these provinces will not be
any more difficult than that of Cour-
lana ox Louruna anu x- iuuuu.
AVouId Annex Armenia.
The conquest of the small remnant of
former European Turkey. Constantino
ple and the Dardanelles, the "Slovo"
considers a foregone conclusion, and it
also advocates the annexation of Ar-
menla ana Anatolia, as wen as ine
western and southern part of Bulgaria.
The rest of the Bulgarian territory the
' paper wants to turn over to Rumania
The "Bourse Gazette defines the
Russian peace conditions as follows:
"When peace negotiations begin Rus
sia will demand all Prussian territory
east of the Oder, Bohemia, parts of
Moravia, Galicia, the Bukowina. Tran
sylvania, the major part of Bulgaria,
European Turkey with Constantinople,
the Asiatic shore of the Dardanelles
and the Marmora Sea, Anatolia and Ar
menia, the rest of Bukowina and Tran
sylvania, the Banat and parts of Bul
garia will be turned over to Rumania,
and Servia is also to receive a part of
the Bulgarian territory.
Hungary to lie Small Mnie.
"Hungary, or rather what is left of
this kingdom after the allies have made
the new map of Europe, will be separ
ated from Austria and become a small
state under Russian control. i
"Since no indemnity can be collected
from the central powers after their de
feat -and division. Russia may consider f
it necessary to enlarge her territorial
demands. This will surely lie done if
Germany and Austria-Hungary con- ,
tinue their resistance much longer. J
To Alakr Ilerlln Rnxxlnn City. !
"It is expected that the two doomed
emDires will ask for peace in April or
h .- -- -: ' l- ',e;y -'; , s .; VyX j., -,.' 'iSsipie': j. , . . , 1
jIV . w Am, , " . s V . . Faff TTpwiJSSo' J
it n . .
n i ii c ii
Hindenburg Is Given 'Abso
lute Power To Crush the
Enemies of the Nation.
STANDS NEXT TO
KAISER IN POWER
GES. ton Hindenlmrg. Oen. Lurtendorff and Oen von a k .-nsen. Hindenburg is chief of the preat jrenera staff, with al-moi-t
.1. -potic powers. Lmiendorft' stands at his side as quartermaster general. JIackensen is directing the offensive
in the southeast, which has resulted in the invasion of Rumania.
III WORLO FDR
Heir to Japanese Throne,
Must Choose Bride From
Is Patroness Of
German Red Cross
NARROWS TO ONE
since the managing
director of a fleet of fishing vessels
confessed that there was not a skipper
in his employ who was not making
over jr.OOO a year.
So many fishing trawlers have been
commandeered by the admiralty that
the few who remain In service find
themselves with no competition what
ever. Their catches of fish bring huge
prices and 10 percent of the yield goes
to the skipper. If he has anything of
a reputation as a man who never re
turns without a good catch, his services
are in such demand that it is no uncom
mon thing for him to be offered a bonus
of J 1000 by a rival fishing vessel owner
to come over.
British Liquor Costs $910,000,000 a Yea-
-:- -:I:- -::- -:!:- -:i:-.5.000.000
Now Demand Ban on Drinking
OSDOS, Eug., Sept. 16. Statistics just published state that $910,u)0.000 U
spent annually in Great Britain on alcoholic liquors. To the government this
means a revenue of $340,000,000.
1 hi prohibitionists are urging that this is a criminal waste of the nation's
y. They hold that while the nation is engaged in a "struggle for existence,''
an expenditure is a national disgrace.
As a protest against this waste a petition containing 2.000,000 signatures
iiei-n T)reented to prime minister .Asquith praying the sovemment to prohibit
c! ;.U alcoholic liquor during the remainder of the war an. i montin
English Educators to
Promote Russ Language
London. Eng.. Sept. 9. There i a
strong movement here for the study of
Russian in preference to Herman, ami
Russian governesses are beinz engaged
in many families of the well to do.
Distinguished professors and lecturers
have started a propaganda to push the
study of Russian in British universi
ties and elsewhere in England, and a
determined effort is being made to
carry this propaganda into commer
cial and industrial spheres.
It is also proposed that no German
teachers be admitted to this country
except under licenses issued by the
board of education.
British Millions for
War Charily Unexpended
London. Eng Sept. 9. VT. G. Ander
son, labor member of parliament, has
had some startling things to say on
war charity frauds.
"There are millions of pounds lying
unexpended and unaccounted for out
of the 20 to 30 millions ($100,000,000 to
$150,000.0001 subscribed in Great Bri
tain for charitable purposes connected
with the war." he declared.
"What I have proposed to the go -ernment
i that th. re shall he state
ontrol of all the v one-, Mitjscrf bed
and i-" iig?eitioa iixs i. -n practicallv
OKIO Japan. Sept. 1. When
the heir to the throne of Japan
wants a wife he looks around five
families from whom, bv Immemorial
traditions, he must choose a bride.
This sensible custom saves a great
deal of trouble and solves a pi oblero,
which. If tackled on European lines,
would be insoluble, now that Korea and
China no longer possess roval families.
Proposals to ived the younir crown
prince to a European prlnctss wr.ubl be
a piquant an.! -r.ibri rassing nowltv.
Only One Eligible Ctrl.
As a rule, five Japanese families
would hae a choice of marnaceable
daughters to offer, but as luck will
iiae ii. (in: :. "my irue riiiuie Kill ill I
the five at this time, and if the old rule i
Is to be kept. Miss Asako Ichijo. the 11 j
year old daughter of prince Sanetaro
Ichijo will infallibly be empress of Ja
pan if she lives for another five years.
She is at present at the Peeresses
school in Tokio. a charming, rather
plump, young Japanese miss, not yet
advanced enouch to have abandoned
her kimono costume for the western
dress which etiquette ordains the court
women shall uglify themselves with.
To lie l'roclnlmeil No. S.
The emperor's eldest son, prince Hi
rohito. i. to be formally proclaimed
crown prince on November 3 next, when
he will be 15 ears old, and the Japa
nese newspapers anticipate that the
declaration of his betrothal will be
made at the same time.
It is Interesting to trace the steps by
which the newspaper sleuths discovered
that young Miss Morning (that is the
translation of her name) was the only
choice for empress.
Candidates for imperial matrimony
must be chosen from five families,
known as the go sekke or five regents,
namely, prince Ichijo. prince Funimaro
Konoye. prince Kujo. prince Takatsu
kasa and prince Nijo.
Prince Konoye nas neither son nor
daughter. The Kujo fami'- is the fam
ily from whom the present empress was
chosen so. even if there were a possi
ble candidate in that familj. -h. would
be impossible on account of the blood
The Sijo family K disqualified be
cause the present he:d spent bis for
(tontlnucd on page -1).
Berlin Thinks British Plan
an Attack on German
Forces in Belgium.
"WOULD BE NO BAR
BERUX. Germany. Sept. IS. The.
fear that a large British army
may be landed in Belgium and
Holland to attack the German forces
in Flanders and France from the rear
ana recapture Antwerp has beea re
vived. One of the foremost military
Writers says in the "Armee-ond Ma
rinenachrichten - (Army and Xavy
? ews) :
With Him Are Macfyensen
And Ludendorff As Lieu
tenants To Chief,
BERLIN'. Germany. Sept. 16. Hin
denburg. Mackensen, Ludendorff
these are the names to conjure
with in Germany today. Into the hands
of three masters of war, tried In the
awful fire of the last two years, the
kaiser has created the greatest mili
tary machine in the world and all lesser
chieftains now bow down before them.
There comes a time in titanic strug
gles when die tators become imperative.
Great leaders jive way to the great
est. A Grant or a NaDOleon of in
exorable will curbs the mighty and
forces all the vast forces of a nation
into united effort.
That is Germany's situation today.
Encircled by the "iron band" of ene
mies the kaiser has sacrificed even
the astute von Falkenhayn. who him
self succeeded the clever von Moltke
in the early days of the war and for
two years had been head of the great
general staff. Now he in turn must
yield place to a more splendid genius.
Hindenburg the Great Roefc
Hindenburg Is the great rock on
which the formidable armies of Ger
many and her allies center. Luden
dorff Is his "alter ego." his second self,
his understudy, who stands by his side
watching with eagle eye ready to pol
ish and round off his chief's plans.
Mackensen is the thunderbolt, the
master of offensives, the mail clad fist
with which Hindenburg strikes. He
is now in charge of the desperate sit
uation around Rumania, where he is
attempting to shock Germany's latest
enemy by such a smashing blow from
the south that the Ruman attacks on
other sides will weaken.
German soldiers often call Macken
sen "the Archangel Michael with a
flaming sword." Teuton officers tak
en prisoner in Russia recently told
"Petroff," the famous war correspon
dent of the Russkoe Slovo, how he
made a score of Austrian generals
cower before him and how he burned
a message from the kaiser.
Hindenburg and Markenn If t
I claimed, work in perfect accord at
present. Of Hindenburg. who became
famous in the war by winning the two
great battles in east Prussia and twice
throwing back the Russian Invaders.
more is known than of Mackensen and
hundreds of reams have been written
He has always shown himself quite
Independent of the great seneral staff.
or which he is now the bead.
Jinn of Mystery.
He was ever a man of raysterr and
scarcely known outside military circles
when the war began.
In army circles he was called "der
verruekte Hinter den Burg" (the In
sane one behind the burg) a sportive
play on his name. It Is even hlnterl
the supposedly omniscient great gen
eral staff once printed behind his name
In the secret army list the blue cross
that denotes incompetence and Is the
precursor of an early relegation to the
On one point Hindenburg was de
cidedly mad. and that was his stud-
"The general offensive of the allies ! ? east P1""51'3- In order to be free
. .. . . I irom milltarv restrict ons he request
ed hii dismissal, that he might the
more , onvenientlv studv the topographv
of the frontier. Often he could be seen
wandering lonesomeiy along some by
path, unsafe bv reason of border smug
glers, a towering, masterly, brooding
He devoted years to his beloved
study ana when his j.Ians were com
pleted he retired to Karlsbad, where
he wrote a little red book entitled "The
Collapse." which was circulated only
among the members uf the war coun
cil and his few private friends. In this
Trlli of Frontier Weakness.
"Our east Prussian frontier seems
strong but is weak. No army can hold
it. The natural boundaries are either
on all fronts kejps our armies hnsv.
The British and French att?cks on the
western front, which have their cen
ter and greatest force in Picardy. do
not sufficiently disclose where our
enemies intend to strike their main
blow. It is possible and even probable
that the 'Big Rush' on both sides of
the Somme is only a feint
Hiding Real I'lans.
"The French and British armv lead
ers must have-become convinceddunng
the rirst two weeks of their offensive
that the German line cannot be broken
on the short front east of Albert,
where they started to use their batter
ing ram. From the fact that they are
i-uiiiiiiuius Liicir fruitless attacKs
PRINCESS AUGUST WILHELM.
BERLIN", Germany, Sept. 1G. Prin
cess August Wilhelm. the kaiser's
daughterinlaw, is patroness of the
German Red Cross and very active in
her work. She seconds the efforts of
the countess of Itzenplitz, president of
the National 'Women's societies of Ger
many, who has actual direction of the
women's work. They have taken over
many large private castles and other
buildings throughout Germany and to
day the care of soldiers is sytematied
wonderfully and runs with smooth, ma
chine like precision.
spite of their heavy lor we may I from I'amiir through Posen -v. ntih.-
(Contlnoed on page 511. (Continued on page 3D.
Shake.' Ru!an Red
-::- i; :(:
PETROGRAD. Russia. Sept. 16.-The Russian Red Crosi society lias been badlv
staken by a scandal of Urge dimensions and is in danger o'f becomin- com'
pletely disorganized. The czarimi. the wife of prime minister Stnerm?r and
many aristocratic women have withdrawn from the society and the scandal tnav
kad to criminal charges against certain high personages.
Several months ago rumors about the alleged disappearance of lar-e funds
found their way into the press. At fht theS rumorsTere isnored. but ther
vot.gation hich disclosed an amazing state of affairs. It was ascertained that
several women of high rank. ho were very active in the work of the society had
received large amounts .. money which never were turned into the treasury
rested aT .' V "lv,,,!,,1'rRtion was P1" before the czarina, who at once
resigned as.protectoress of the society.