Newspaper Page Text
TTT DAGH TTTT.TR. ATT)
I Gatle News and
Cable News and
Saturday, April Seventh, 1917.
Allies In W
French Speaking Residents
Appealed To In French
IS WAR," IS CLAIM
Strong Pressure Brought To
Bear Upon People to Stir
W ar Enthusiasm.
ZTRICH. SWITZERLAND. April 7.
A propaganda bureau in Geneva
has flooded all Switzerland njltli
pamphlets advocating the entramrcef
tre republic Into the war on 'the side
t V n -Iliac T.h- MmnMU 1 r. nHnt.
e.. In German at 1 French, and seek to
p.r"Ve that the destruction of Germany
would be to the srreatest advantage of
he Swiss nat:o:i
Switzerland wi'.i never be safe un
t'! Germany 1s crushed and Austria
Hungary dlsmembcrei." says the
pamphlet. "If the central powers
should win the present war they would
surely force the Swiss nation Into a
commercial and political alliance with
them, and that would not only mean
economic disaster, but also the end of
tr" indenendem-e of Ut republic.
Only Milvatlon I War."
The only sal anon !ies In prompt
action. Switzerla-id must Join the en
tente powers at once. That will enable
the French arm to march into Baden
and Wueritemhprcr through Swiss ter-
ion- from Belfort and bring the war
a a quick en! If 1!i republic ceases
is S'Jicidal nufa'itv Germany will
collapse within two month.
"Switerland wilt not risk anything
by casting her lot with the allies, and
"s sure of enormous jrain. England.
Trance and Italy are willing that the
German-speaking part of Tyrol, the
little principality of Liechtenstein.
-f.. V ...I . V. "I .- nnrl
2"'Xt"Tt-.,Z' , Z'1?.JZ rXZ
DUUtLlCl u ort, tivil vrt uo. w a
dau. be brought under the Swiss flag
when the new map of Europe is made,
Thus the territory of the republic will
a-most double with one stroke. Such
cr.ance win nut come atrnu, aiiu il
wrmid be nnnardonable follv to miss it.
Germary and Austria will never be ablo
to take revenge or to make an attempt
to reconquer the land that is to be
taken from them, because they will be
disarmed forever, and will practically
cease to exist.
Tf Switzerland is not blind to her
- ost it.il interests she will become
one of the strong members of the
fntare European federation. But a
qui k decision is necessary. The gov
ernment in Berne must be forced by
public opinion to act at once.
The pamphlet has caused great in
dignation m the German-speaking can
tons. While Russians Starve
In Cities Siberia Has
"I , AT i 7 C ;
Cieap Meat and brains
Petrograd. Russia, April 7. While I
TC-cis of foodstuffs have soared In
xctrograd and Moscow to undreamed-
r" heights, figures obtained from towns '
n Siberia, wnere immense I
of foodstuffs have been ly-
- i. .. v. . i i .... '
.ntr unused for months, show that nrlces
in these out of the way
it of the way centers wero '
never so low. In some Siberian mar
ket towns the best meat can be ob
tained for about three cents a pound.
Butter is 20 cents a pound, eggs are
nne cents a dozen, and wheat fetches
about one cent a pound.
British Paper Mills
Make Paper Of Grass
London. Eng.. April 7. Although
t "reral of the largest paper mills in
i.nglnnd have been forced to shut down
ecanse the government stopped tho
'-nportation of pulpwood. many others
have managed to keep going by utiliz
-g grass which they obtain from Scot
land, tbe Fenlands and India.
Printing paper and notepaper Is be
ing made from grass mixed with other
materials. The cheapest fiber is ob
tained from rags which are no longer
exported. Rag cuttings are now worth
14" a ton. which is still below tho
mrr of noodpulp. now selling for 4150
r". It was ?40 a ton before the
Neutral Holland's War
Bill Now $235,480,000
The Hague, Netherland. April 7.
The war has cost Holland $235,480,000,
according to tbe latest official an
Tiouncment. this sum having been
spent on the upkeep of the mobilized
army and navy, together with the sup-
' of cheap food, the care Of refugees
a-.l the like.
M-eover, the rate of expenditure is
t iitig With the ever mounting cost
f tbe provision of cheap food, the
1 gures are expected to continue their
- -.-.ward course in the current year.
Pa-pier Maee Left Fo? Vsxsk BolSlere
-: :- -::- -:J:-
Are MsIe In Fex sad Xast Ms&!ig
PKIS, France, April 7. Artificial legs made from pajer rnache and costing
less than 75 cents each, are being supplied to woundtl soldiere in Paris hos
pitals. Thejaper Iers, which are the invention of a Danish surgeon, are
'-e!y for temporary use, but with care, will labt from six nonths to a year. They
- T'lade on the tpot, can be used a fortnight after the aoputation, ami obviate
eceeeity for' crutches while the patient is convalescing
' f'ispital orderly can cut out, fit and complete a papr le? for a patient in
' "i a?, hou' TV- ork t?kes 9 day to ('rr arfl "t ami trjav V aft fij
'-v ti'o ir -.Viid.
KING IS MODEL HAN NOT
rnn i sami nnnnl .sunn rn nrnmsi
All Houses Owned by King
Are for Convenience of
ONDON, Eng.. April 7. King
George, according to Dr. C. W.
Saleeby, the famous, eugenist, s
the one model landlord In the country.
"No one has observed the distinction
between what I call respectively hous
ing and homing. he writes, "except
i the king: on the duchy of Cornwall es
I tate in South London. Elsewhere oil
housing schemes are for the childless
xl juu nave a. oaoy, out. jou go as i-
you had committed a nuisance.
"Everywhere we penalize, punish,
prohibit the parenthood upon which
lue iuiif cmpiic ujjuii. uu.)
the king has set an example to be com-
mended to all other landlords, in the
provision of homing instead of merely ,
nousing. ana in tne adoption 01 an in-
renious device for moving the parti
tion between adjacent houses, accord
ing to the growth or decline of con
tiguous families. To set such an ex
ample is to practice the precept im
plicit in his majesty's own words to the
convocation of Tork, The foundations
of national glory are laid in the homes
of the people. For the rest our land
lords are conniving at our imperial
To Encourage "Worthy Parenthood.
Dr. Saleeby is'pleadlng for the adop
tion by government of a policy that
svill encourage "worthy parenthood."
The need for it, he declares to be most
argent, owing to the wastage of the
var and the, steadily declining birth
rate. In 1916 It was 2LS per 1000 the
lowest on record.
e must." he says, "make parent'
donndl5 countered8 wiff a'hoyeoU wheh' event- I
tL&JS ,n separation of the ,
while worthy parenthood is our great
.... - . . -.
S impe.ni neeo. me wnoie iorce ana
trend of our policy is to penalize It.
Recent budgets have been simply bru- j
taI this respect, the relief for par-
wcm., we.... .
caicuiaiea msuu wnicn lawyers can
Financial Aid Tlanned.
The national council of public mor
als, which promoted the birthrate com
mlision. la now preparing a petition to
the chancelor of the exchequer. A. Bo
i nar Law, which is, in effect, a plea for
parent hood. In this petition many
measures of financial relief for worthy
parenthood are suggested.
wltl provision for education of chll- !
dren. -especially the promising. Tie 1
housing of the people is described as
a "crying scandal.' "
Gold Mining During War
Is Less Profitable In The
Transvaal Says Chamber
LonSon Eng., April 7. The produc- i
tion cf gold in the Transvaal is rela- .
tiveiy less profitable in war than In
peacetime, owing to tne iixeu price or
" intj cost oi mining n oas j
been Increased hv the riKfi In nthpr
P0'". od the cost of mining It has !
oeen hcreased by the rise in other i-
-wm""wcb. nauaidAi tuaiuwr i
ot ralres. in its yearly return shows
that t rn nntnnt of crnlri xra i rppnnl '
that tie output of gold was a record
.j.iot.jji puunus sLcriiiig.
from E.1S5.100 to 11.SSL294 pounds
Amer'tzans Win Prizes
For Essays In England
Oxford, Eng.. April 7. A. G. Fite.
of Nashyile, Tenn., has recently won
a prize ol ten pounds offered by Christ
church. Oxford, for the best literary
essay in Irench by one of its members.
Other Americans who have lately won I
prizes at uxrora university are is, li.
Branscoml, of Birmingham. Ala, who
won a prhe of IS pounds for transla
tion from the Greek Testament and
Clyde Eageton. of Austin, Texas, who
won a simlar prize In modern history.
England Has 4,000,000
Does. Leads Other Lands
Tnflnn i,n ntt, 1
. . . - 1Y' l. . i V- .
animals in 'arious European countries
shows that Great Britain possesses
more dogs ban any other nation. The
number of British dogs is given as
slightly over4.000.000, as compared with
S.800.000 in France and 1,100.000 in
France To Have Racing
Without Bets Or Crowds
Fratce. April 7. Racing In
France will siortly be resumed at both
Chantilly and Maison-Lafltte. but tho
races will ony be in the Interests of
breeders. Thire will be no bettins an
the public wll not be admitted.
; England Explains They Are
Former Germans Who Ac
TO ESCAPE ARMY
LONDON, Eng.. April 7. Lord New
ton a few days ago In the house of
lords, caused surprise by stating
that many British prisoners at Ruhle
ben. Germany, had no desire to return
to England. It is now learned that
there are about 809 of these prisoners.
British subjects, who openly profess
sympathy with the German cause.
Mot Are German Itorn.
The reason for this large number of
pro-German British. according to
statements made here, is that they are
almost an oermans. oorn ana orea,
who acaulrert Rrfttah narlnnnllynttnn
timer in ungiana or ui some or me
colonies, in order to escaDe liability
to military service in Germmy. Most I
of them left Germany specially for this
.purpose, and alter residing on English
soil for the minimum pe-t-wl reouiMte
to naturalization, they returned to the
fatherland and resumed their ordinary ,
life. The interned prisoners also In- j
elude their sons and grandsons. There I
are also natives of Austria. German
Switzerland, and Russia, who similarly
acquired British citizenship.
There was much indignation among
these pseudo-British at the outbreak
of the war when they suddenly found
themselves interned as were out-and-out
Englishmen. There were man?
protests, but the police replied that
they had sheltered themselves from
military service under their alleged
British nationality and must take the
consequences. At first they were care
fully distributed- among the purely
British prisoners for observation and
espionage purposes. The Englishmen
-whenever one of the pro-Germans
asned i0T leave. the officer of the day
wouid say. Tvhat regiment do yon
wish to Join?" In the end about J0O
volunteers lor tne uerman army were
obtained from the camp.
obtained from the camp.
Native Fijians, Rejected
As Soldiers, Eager to Do
Manual Labor For British
Suva. Fill Islands. April 7. Native
Fijians who have been dissatisfied be- .
cause their offers to enlist In the Brit- .
,,sh1fnn,7 or ?fSi.lnu war wer? '
have Joyfully welcomed an opportunity number of women stranded In LondSn
offered to them to go to England and , who cannot claim the rights and pro
work as laborers on military trans- tectlon of any state; they are citizens
porta. In response to a call for such i of no countrv
laborers. Issued by the secretary of An instance given by the club s-cro-Tn?E03lJPJyJ2tt'-itT'
18 of an Englishwoman who
Ihp ViU iflnnH, B?L?J marrled a Belgian and went with him
d .ild,2Srfer.t?..'S5te I SUtes. where he lived
I expense! a continent of PHI TrfanSiVS
tm 'SmtrM"mr m iX 1
0oeen accepted.- I
r . ( i t L
j ui) S-LUIULUTS 1 CUCIl
Chinese How To Fly
. Telng-Tau, China. April 7. Four
.n . w . ii - in
Instructing Chinese students to fly at
Tsing-tau. The airmen brought air
planes with them, and began their
course of Instruction with practical
demonstration in setting up and ad
Sweden Uses Barley Bread
To Escape Card System
Stockholm. Sweden. April 7. One re
sult of the introduction of the bread
card in Sweden has been a return in
some quarters to the baking o' barley i
bread. Bread from barley flour, which 1
may be sold without breadcards. is
already being served In several railway ,
Plans Beins Made To
Rebuild Citu Of Reims
i.eims, h ranee, March 31. The build
Ing contractors of Reims and represen-
es of all the buildintr trades are
organizing a mutual and cooperative
society with a view to beginning the
reouiiding or the city a soon as the
German artillery is pushed back out
AGRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT I
TO INCREASE PRODUCTION
Washington, D. G, April 7. Cabinet
members took to their meeting todav
details of the military financial and
economic mobilization of the resources
of the country for presentation to
president Wilson. ,
Secretary Houston said local meet
ings would be held In all parts of the
country to get the exact facts on food
production. The department of agri
culture, he said, will carry on a com- !
prehenslve campaign to increase pro- ,
di'ctlnn and cheapen methods of dip- ,
RUSS AND .BRITISH UNITE;
TURKISH TROOPS RETREAT
London. Eng., April 7. Rsusian and
British advance detachments came into
touch on Monday on the Diala river,
in Mesopotamia near the Persian bor
der, the war office announced. The
Turks are reported to be in retreat.
wooLKtrr is xomixateh
STATE nEIMHTMEVT SOLICITUIt
Washington. D. C. April 7. Lester
ii. Mooisey. or rew york. was nomi
nated by president Wilson today to be (
solicitor of the Mate d-pi-Emm' to
saccee.J rone 'oh- o- ! T .- !,o I
see .!; :".;-,r ! I
FIUD DTH ECTOR
Urges Them To Wor On
Sundays To A vert Food
Shortage In Land.
SAYS ENEMY DOES
NOT REST SUNDAY
Best Answer To Submarine j
Menace Will Be Big j
Crofts In England.
-r- ONDON. Enc. Anrll 7. In an ef.
Lfort to stir the English farmers j
Anil wnrlf rc n ri the. laml r
realization of the danger of starvation
that, he says, threatens the country.
Sir Arthur Lee. director general of
food production, a new department,
created as a result of the Intensified
snbmrlne camnaiim ha lBnfl im.
SUDma"n campaign, has Issued this j
"To all ploughmen and workers on j
the land: In the trenches German shells j
come over on Sundays as well as on
weekdays. German submarines are i
Just as active on Sundays as on any I
other day. The enemy takes no holi- j
? "rt7nTSffl MET'y
L'rscK Work on Sundars.
"Will you not work every hour from
iaybreak to dark weekday and Sun
day for tbe next few weeks? Tour
work now may make Just tbe differ
ence between winning the war and
Sir Arthur's appeal speaks volumes
for the seriousness of the food situa
tion In England. "We have got to do
our maximum amount of planting by
the end of April." ha said. "We have
got to work'Eundays and holidays or
our crop will not be a success. It is
our best answer to the submarine men
I tne sooner the people realize
I i. 4je owner .win mey conquer tn
1 danger of starvation."
Sir Arthur Is making stupendous ef
forts to carry out his program of till
ing the soil and planting all the seed
possioie Dy tne end or April.
American Women's Club
Plans To Aid Stranded
'Women Without Country
London. Eng.. April 7. "For Women
Without a Nation," is the title of a com
mittee Just organized by the American
Women's club under the direction of
rne club, in connection with its war
Wftrk hna fnimil that lh. a 1 -
!?",5a?.u5.? ,0?e " s nationality.
-eltner ot naturallzaUon papers. ,
a?d hey "'"rned to Europe so that
army, in which he is now fighting. I
'We have record ot more than 100 I
such cases," said the secretray. , J
. "uo "ttiiu tjwu.u cii.c;r 1 1 lT I15iaui !
in.- -iuo has committees to help
stranded Americans, to educate Ameri
can children, to maintain workshops
where hospitals are supplied to the
allies. ani to manage a knitting fac
tory for the aged.
Lady Daisy Furn.ess
Is Red Cross Nurse
ADY DAISY FERNESS Is dolns
Red Cross work in Great Britain.
one of tha many wives of peers
who have enlisted to aid their country,
Before h-r mainage in 1S04 slie wa.
Mic. Dni-.- iloire. daurhter of C. J
Floe-, el Jaton ""aron. Erzland.
lMm3z.:i aififc sail
Lady harding equips
new field hospital
LGvDOX, Enr April 7. Lady Harding, wife jof the farmer viceroj- of India,
lias equipped a new field hospital unit for service m France. Tho unit con
sists of 12 motor ambulances of the latest approved type and a complete basa
hospital with women doctors and nurses. The entire expenses of the expedition
will be borne bv lady Harding and some personal friends.
COWTERFEITEHS SITE OFflNGiENT
WITH IU BILLS
Increase in Paper Currency
Gives Chance to Ploat
IN POLICE RAIDS
BERLIN. Germany. April 7. Tha
enormous Increase of paper cur
r.tipv In f!,m,n Vi -i n M.hl.n
rency In Germany has enabled
counterfeiters to flood large parts of
the empire with spurious bills. It Is
estimated that gangs of criminals have
made several million dollars In this
Recently six men and two women
were tried, convicted and sentenced to
prison terms in Breslau for dr-
Ing bo-tus ten mark (SI.50) bills
At the trial the members of the gang
confessed that their harvest durlnc:
the last six months has amounted to
more than !t00.000. but they refused
to tell where tbe bills were made and
the counterfeiting plant could not bs
Another band of counterfeiters was
arrested reeentlv In T.l nr.tr- nrosdan
and' Erfurt. The gang operated mostly
in Saxony. Thuriniria and Hanover, but !
in Saxony. Thurlngia and Hanover, but
also sent agents to other parts of the
empire and circulated many thousands
of false five, 10 and SO mark bills.
Irish Farmers Prosper
But Working Classes in
Cities Are In Poverty
Dublin, Ireland. April 7. While the
Irish farmer is prosperous beycnil pre
cedent and wages in many trades are
higher than ever before, the condition
of the poorer classes In the cities is
in .many cases worse than for years.
"At the present moment the artisans
and the poor in Dublin are reduced to
a state of privation that causes a great
' leeitng of alarm and dismay, said the
I lord mayor at a meeting of the corpo-
ration this week.
Member of the corporation com
plained tiin.t the work of rebuilding
the city, whii ti had been expected to do
much to flif' ktitutlon. was not
going forward as had been planned. II
had not been found possible, he ex
plained, to import the material tieces
hriry for the woik of rebuilding, al
though tti. ministry of munitions had
promised to facilitate -t in every way.
Existed Before Historic
Alexandria "Was Founded
by the Egyptians.
VnTTVTT". TKr -d TTTVrC? mortality throughout the empire ! ds
XUUiMU IU iiUlJNb , cldedly on the increase, according to
AIRO, Egypt, April 7 Tha site of
J Canopus, one of tha most ancient
cities of Egypt, has been found,
according to Danlnos Pasha who claims
the honor of making the discovery. For
many years ha has maintained that Its
site lay somewhere In the region of
Aboukir Bay and, apparently, his con
tention is now proved to be correct.
Once Commercial Capital.
Before the foundation of Alexandria,
i "P"" was he commercial capital
! of tSe cantry and the most Important
. cemer ,n Iower sypt.
f Excavations have already brought
Excavations have already brought
to lleht .a erMt nnMi, K.th r., tK
' x. , . , . .
. Ptolemaic period, about 15 feet in
length. It Is divided into 50 chambers
of which the largest is about 24 feet
. . ,
long and of the same wdtn. There are
I rooms for various forms of baths, aiirri
as hip and " mud baths and a large
TOe purposes and the preparation of
wa ...via ...si iuluiij U3C1J 1 J i Ii J ii,;
Find Chinese Statue.
Bronze coins found in various rooms
bear the effigies of Ptolemy Soter,
Ptolomey Energates and queen Bere
nice. Of the several statues unearthed,
the most interesting Is that of a Chi
nese figure, which shows. It is con
tended, that in the dim past relations
mt'st have existed between China and
this ancient capital of Egypt.
British Soldiers Fiswl "Xltemselves "DeaeT
-::- -::- -:fj:-
Get No Back Pay Until Par!
LONDOX, Eng., April 7. The latest prroup of British prisoners returned from
Germany includes three "dead" soldiers, that is, men who were long ago of
fwially reported dead and have been so entered in the records of the war
For a fortnight the three soldiers have been paring dailj visits to Whitehall
in an endeavor to persuade the government that they are alive and entitled to
collect their back pay. The war office declares they are dead as far as the pav.
rolls are concerned and must remain so. Only a suecial gran from parliament can
improve their ntuation.
; ; in linn
Sentiment Strong For Estab
lishing Republic, But
Leaders Fear Step.
TO RULE COUNTRY
No Matter How War Ends
Overthrow of Ferdinand
Is Determined Upon.
COLOGNE, Germany, April T. A.
correspondent of the "Cologns Ga
zette" reports from Bucharest that
the dethronement of king Ferdinand of
Rumania is a certainty, no znattar how
the present war ends.
Under the leadership of former pre
mier Carp and other politicians who
remained in the Rumanian capital
when it fell into the hands of the ar
mies of the central powers a sew party
has 'been formed which proposes to de
clare the king deposed, and to either
proclaim a republic, or to call a Ru
manian to the throne.
Sentiment In favor of establishing &
republic is strong, the correspondent
says, but the leaders in the movement
fear too radical a change In govern
ment would be opposed by the other
Kaiser's Auto, Finest
Ever Built, Is Sold In
London For Repair Bill
London, Eng., April 7. An automo
bile which was built in Germany for
the personal use of emperor William
and which had been sent to London
Just before the war to be fitted with,
an English body, has Just oeen sold for
135.000 to a Danish ship owner. Tbe
car has been In the hands ot the body
builders ever since It was finished
and was ordeied sold by the courts to
satisfy their charges. It Is called by
English experts the most luxurious
automobile ever built, and the price
paid for It at auction is believed to be
a record for a car for personal as.
Englishman, 80 Years
Young, Shows Gen. Bell
His Agility For Army
Walter Norton, aged SO. an English
subject, offered his services to Brig.
Gen. George Bell, Jr.. Friday afternoon
for the United States army. When told
that he had passed the age limit for
military service the Englishman dem
onstrated his agility to the American,
general by kicking In tha air and do
ing other stunts. He said that if he
was unable to bo enlisted for military
service he would offer his services to
the government In one of the auxiliary
Cancer Mortality Is 1
Gaining In Germany
Berlin. Germanr. Aoril 7. Cancer
fFTls lssaea By 1119 raedIcaJ "thorl-
, The reason for this Is no .in
nounced. but It Is understood step:
are being taken to combat the disease
oeiore it gets the upper band.
The health of the nation, with the
eceptlon of the districts affected with
smallpox. Is considered almost normal.
Pension Of $500 More
Urged For Mrs. Fry ait
London. Eng., April 7. The British
board of trade has recommended that
an additional pension of $500 be paid
to Mrs. Fryatt. wife of the steamshln
I captain who was shot by the Germans
I0.r.. attempting to ram a submarine
. wlln his vessel.
! The Great Northern railway officials
have intimated that they will pay Mrs.
, f"7." ,""1 "1u?i 10 the v1Ue sa,ry
i of the captain as long as she remains
: unmarried. aiua
Urges British Masons
To Build New Warship
London. Eng, April 7. Tha York
shire Observer advances the opinion
in an editorial that the many tons of Ma
sonic insignia, regalia, trinkets, rings,
badges. Jewels, etcw should be col
lected from every Masonic lodge la
the country for the purpose of build
inr a warship to be oiled the Ma