Newspaper Page Text
M xirjn bank notes, state bills, 917; pesos, 56c
MxiraD gold. 534c; naeionales, lSysc; bar silver.
t 4 il luotation, 74c; copper, $Clg3S: grains
i in pu ek stead r. stocks dull.
28 PAGES. 3 SECTIONS. TODAY.
I ATLST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
DEUVEHED ANTTliEERi. 60C A rOXTH.
EL PASO, TEXAS. SATURDAY EVENING. MAY 19. 1917
SINGLE COi E FTC C.NT3-
PAc iHB RAIhD
El l'ao and West Texas, generally inir eteept
(bowers and cooler in Panhandle: Sew Meico eloudy.
toeal rain?, cooler: Arizona, fair.
Bill Carries $3,342,300,000, of Which $750,000,000 Is to
Be Spent in Purchase or Construction of Merchant
Ships; Many Millions for Machine Guns and
Millions More for Artillery.
WASHINGTON, D. C Mar 19-
The largest appropriation
Mil In American history the
" ar budget measure tarrying ?5,3i2,
oO.OOO. including V;0,000,0.00 for
..aerican merchant ships was today
massed ty the senate by viva voce
The lag appropriation for merchant
-Tiips provides that $100,000,000 shall
immediately available for purchase
J& construction of ships.
' Machine Gnus and Artillery.
The biJ carries a great appropri
ation for machine guns for the army
d $3S,00ft.OOO for artillery. It also
i to tains provisions for equipping and
ISIS REJECTS PEACE OFFER
lifltL FIGHT IITULLIE!
Officers Cannot Resign; Soldiers and Sailors "Who Have
Left Commands Are 'Ordered Back Into Ranks Under
Threat of Heavy Punishment Minister of War,
Cheered by Peasants, Declares War Will Go On.
PETROGRAD. Russia, May 19.
The provisional government de
clared today that it was united
v the rejection or a separate pfeace
ad that it adopts as Its aim the re-
cstahlishment of a general peace
Iilch will not tenfl-euMeTTtccaomfna-
on over other nations or to the selz"
i e of their national possessions s.
peace without .annexations or mdem
utiesi Minister of trer Kernea; ia
dreumg the cocsress oLseaEptS, an-
uounced ftls dsterr.-tnatlon toiniro-
duce an iron discipline inttfllie rmy.1
tie matte an lmpasstosea appeal xor
support in restoring the morale of
Russia s military forees and his
speech was .greeted with enthusiastic
A great demonstration occurred
after he finished his address. The
delegates ambraced the minister anJ
carried him on their shoulders to his
M. Ke ensky said in part:
Appeals For War Support.
"VTe must, before everything, con
solidate the civic liberty the revolu?
tion gave us and we shall not do this
If each does not do his duty to his
country with complete self -sacrifice.
Let ns show the world we know not
only how to destroy but also how to
"coldicra, sailors and officers, I
call on yon to make a last heroic ef
fort. I am. your servant. Help me
to iow the world that the Russian
7aiy Is not a demolished temple but
- strong and formidable, capable of
making itself respected and of de
fending the free republic of demo
Wont ceent Refticnatioiu.
Minister Kerensky has issued th
following ordtr of the
The country is in danger.
FRANCE REViVESiTWO ZEPPELINS
OLD CEREHML BELIEVED LOS
Oriflamme of St. Denis Is I One Shot Down Off Jut
Raised While 10,000 Join land and One Hit by Light-
in the Ceremony. ,
St. Denis, Department of the Seine,
Franca May 4 Correspondence of
, P ) One of the most ancient and
most Impressive religious observ
ances in France, suspended since the
revolution, was revived here today
at the ancient basilica where repose
the remains of the kings of France,
when the Oriflamme of St. Denis was
raised In the presence ot1S,M9 spec
tators. Ancient "iabarum" of the emperor
Constantme, the Oriflamme was
brought from Rome in the year 800
by Charlemagno, who received it
from tho hands of popo Ijeo III. The
basilica of t- Denis became Its re
pository and the ceremony revived
today originated there in 1114, when
Louis VI went there to take posses
session of the Oriflamme before
marching out to repel the Germans,
who, nnder emperor Henry V. had
Invaded Lorraine and were inarching
Today's ceremony was an, exa
historical reconstitution of the tra
ditional event Cardinal Amette,
archbishop of Paris, pronounced the
henediction "While the audience sang
'he "Credo." the procession of the
reliquaries was formed, headed by
the French flag, with those of the
.illies following, a group of white
anners bearing the names of all the
Itieste France, Alsace and Lorraine
iccupHtbi the Germans came next
we-eiT the Oriflamme. a red
T' rzr&er with spots of gold bearing
"A Prominent El Pasoan" Will, As Expected, Command
II I i.
providing for the regulars, national
guard and the new selective army.
To Ralne- And Equip Army.
It is this measure, in short, which
provides the funds for raising and
equipping the great army with which
the United States plans to strike de
cisive blows against Germany.
There is a provision for meeting
the expenses of the training camps.
The house passed the bill but with
Pay Training Camp Men
Appropriations carrying many mil
lions of dollars were agreed to by he
senate -with little or no -discu n
and with only a few senators in he
chamber. Among appropriations
adopted were payment of $100
monthly to reserve otf.cer candidates
during training, and countless other
items were approed as drawn
one must do what he can to avert the
peril. No request to be allowed to re
sign, made by officers in high com
mnTir! with a desire to esc&De re
sponsibility at a. time so grave, will j
be accepted by me.
Xteserter 3Iut Return.
BeserTers are enjoined to return to
the army and fleet by May 28. All in
fractions of this order wall besevere
General Return To Flout.
AH$r. it-conference with We gov
ernment the duma. committee aiiQ'the
council oideputicsr the commandlngi
ffM p.ralRJiavA-Ttnrnjed- to the front."
if. MUuVoff, forinjr foreign minister."
education because )iis presence in the
cabinet would involve a responsibil
ity for the nrolected foreign pollcy
of the administration. He considers
this policy dangerous and likely to
Composition of Ministry.
The new-cabinet 'will be composed
Premier and minister of the inter
ior: prince Lvoff.
Minister of foreign affairs:. Teres
chtenko. Commerce and Industry: Konavloff.
State controler: Godneff, Epclalist.
Food and supplies: Pieschenhionoff,
War and marine: ierensKy
Posts and telegraphs: Tseretelh.
"Ways and communications: Kekras-
1 Professor Grimm is appointed mm
I tster for affairs concerning the con-
day to the I stituent assembly, and prince Shak
hovskv. secretary of the first duma,
Is minister of public aid.
ning Off Terschelling.
Copenhagen, Denmark, May 19.
Destruction of the Zeppelin L-Il. re
ported in a British announcement
Monday, occurred off Esbjerg, within
sight of he Danish coast according
to eye witnesses. These accounts in
dicate that not one but two zeppelms
were destroyed on tnat day, inasmuch!
as the explosion of an airship off
Terschelling was reported from Hol
land, at a point too distant to cover
thetasne caser Therloss of the second
airship Js attributed to lightning.
Th'e &-23 was" seen off Esbjerg on
one of i-the-dally observation tours up
and down tie coast of Jutland. It
was engaged by a British force which
presumably was looking for the Ger
man destroyers that of late have Seen
fishing np the British mine fields in
The zeppelin was not far from shore
and was plainly visible. Its opponents
could not be seen, but their presence
was made known by the sound of
guns. Eye witnesses saw the airship
dart upward after the first round of
shots. Then they heard a second
saJvo. The zeppelin endeavored to
maneuver itself out of range, but with
the third broadside it went down.
mortally hit At first it sank slowly
and then plunged down at great speed
into tne sea?ueiow me nonzon.
on one side the inscription: "Mont
Joye St. Denis," and on the other a
cross surrounded by the Inscription:
"Vive le Christ Qui Aime les
1 National Guard Goes
5 Citizens Will All Register June 5;
President Issues War Proclamation
ASHINGTON, D. C. May 13
Machinery for enroling and
sifting 10,000.000 men and
paling the way for the selection of
the first 500,000 men under the new
war army law, based on the presi
dents proclamation, was set m mo
tion by the war department today.
The proclamation calls for all men
between the ages of SI and 30
Inclusive "to register for military
service on June 5. The drafted army
will not be called to the colors until
about September 1, but by that time
the regular troops are expected to be
In action against the Germans, and,
the national guard will be In readi-j
ness to fight the enemy also. '
The war army bill was signed late,
yesterday b speaker Clark of the!
bouse and by vice president Marshall
of the senate. It was then sent to
president Wilson for his signature'
and was signed last night. This was!
followed by the Issuance of the presl- j
dent's proclamation. - j
National Guard Going Abroad. '
The legislation is designed to pro-1
duce within a year's time an army of
1,000,000 trained and equipped men.
jnen and supplies and with 500,000
more men under training.
The war deuartment estimates that.
the national guard having been called
into service between July 15 and
August E. not more than a month or
(EMI FOI iU INT SEND ROOSEVELT
MARGIN SIKTi iD VOLUNTEER WTO FRANCE
j Country Hopes to Hold Out
Against Famine Until
New Crops Available.
Copenhagen, Denmark. May is.
The potato situation in Germany
apparently is growing steadily worse,,
r . - .- .. - I
although the weather no longer xnr-i
nlshes an excuse for scanty ship
ments. Fallowing the eiample of its
sister city, Itona, Hamburg next
i will reduce the weekly.ratiqii to Zi
jounces, substrtuting an allowance Of
$40 grams of bread -for the rest of
the promised five pounds. To meet
the dissatisfaction which this state
of affairs prodUce6,the. government
has authorized growers to sell all
tbelr remaining stocks, of canned
vezetafcles .nest week.
The Berlin potato- ration IS Being
malnt-Ined. although "trtth-great-oif-i
Acuity, because of the moral effect of
reducing at the capital the allowance
promised so definitely after the April
strike. In a remarkably worded
official appeal the people of Berlin
ire Implored to remember that the
eyes of the world are upon them
Unrcd To Ceat Comnlal&lair.
Thev are admonished to " reaA
j c6mplaining and recognize thankfully
how much tetter conditions are In
Berlin than In the war xavaged
enemy lands of the British Isles,
which, it is said, are headed toward
Simultaneously there are published
official arrangements for a race be
tween Father Time and famine which
show how perilously scant is the
margin of safety under the most
favorable conditions between the
moment when the present stock Is
exhausted and the time new flour
will be available.
These plans provide for selection
of the region where the harvest will
ripen first under this year's climatic
conditions, to which reapers, thresh
ing machines and military workers
win be sent
SPAIN DEM4NDS GFRMANY 'wbuprcticayotteTf:
GIVE PAYMENT, GUARANTEES! stSEh, HJ armles now
Indon Eng, MaV 13.-A Madrid I "SSlSSiS? Pheon of this
.'v.tfrS'act which authorizes tho creation of
regard to the sinking of the Spanish
steamer Patricio 'demands immediate
satisfaction and guarantees for the
NEW YORK BANK TAKES
25,000,000 OF LOAN
New York. May 19. The First Na
tional bank of New Tork has sub
scribed for $15,000,000 or Liberty loan
bonds, it was announced today. This
and the United States Steel corpora
tion subscription for the same amount.
are the largest yet recorded.
War At A Glance
EVIDENCES are multiplying
that the most energetic
efforts are about, to be made
to rehabilitate Russia's great
array and make It again an ef
fective, aggressive fighting
force. Minister of war Keren
sky, in assuming his" new post,
announces his intention of main
taining iron discipline among the
troops and egresses confidence
in the result.
The recent intensive fighting
on the British -front in France
has subsided and the activities
along the French lines in- the
-Aisne region are confined mainly
to -counter-attacks by the Ger
The Italian offensive, wtlt
Trieste for its objective, is there
fore being watched with perhaps
more active interest than any of
the other vast military operations
Gen. Cadoma's armies have a
heavy task before them with tho
cream of Austria's f ightljlg forces
defending the naturally strong
defensive positions In the Isonzo
region." The Italians, Jioweer,
declare they are making progress,
havlrng already taken more than
6000 prisoners and numerous
guns, while the Austrian reports
claim the capture of some 5000
Mae Registration Day
1 Paso will make a gala day
of June 5, army registration day,
if a suggestion made by Capt.
James Regan, of the lua'-termas-ter
corps, to the chamber cf com
merce, is adopted.
"Many regard conscript lot as
an awful stigma of some kind,"
he said, "when it is nothing else
tba na system bv which the man
power of this great nation is to
be put at proper duties. It is the
most democratic of all forms of
"Lt registration da) he a day
of the Spirit of '76 one that will
stir in the hearts of all true
Americans the pride -ind love of
country, and one that will im
press on the young men who
register that it is a great honor
to be able to sign up. Cities all
over the- country .ire planning
patriotic ceremonies for this -Jay
so don't let El Taso trail, bat
J" weeks ox intensive training will
l " . " "J" ,u""i? c
reaay to go to ranee tor imai train
nK before being sent into battle,
; Regulars Going Northward.
Regular army regiments already
'Issues Announcement Authority to Send Colonel and
' Divisions of Volunteers to
' Exercised Because Expert Advice Opposes It; U. S.
Can't Snare Officers for Volunteers as Reauested.
YT -yASHIXGTOX. T. C, May 19.
A 1 n J a -rrr., A, .1
......n n..i ,v . .,i...i
avail himself of the authori-
!n.J n 41,a - n . Villi
t contained in the war army bill
which he signed last night, to send
Col Theodore Roosevelt and a volun
teer anny" of two to four divisions to
France. In an announcement to that
effsct, president "Wilson said his ac
tion was baaed upon expert military
advice from both eldes of the water.
CoL Iloosevelt wanted to recruit
several divisions of men for brief
training in- this country, to be snnnle-
rnenteirby a course of intensive train
Ing In France. He wanted men, some
of whom would be over military ntre.
but who would be strong and vlgor-
ous, veterans of former wars, and
others keen to fight but unwilling to
enter the regular army or national
guard unless there were a prospect of
Kuius into action soon 101. itoose
elt also wanted associated with his
force a number of regular army offi
cers of high efficiency whom the pres
ident and the war department felt
could not be spared from the great
work of raising, equipping and train
ing an arm in this country.
There is an apparently well founded
belief here that the administration
will seek to use CoL Roosevelt's abili
ties in some other way during the
The President's Statement.
The president's statement follows.
"I shall not avail myself, at any
rate at the present stage of the war.
or the authorization conferred by the
act to organize volunteer divisions.
To do so would seriously interfere
with the carrying out of the chief
and mpst Immediately Important pur
pose contemplated by this legislation,
the prompt creation and early use of
!"l?teer divisions in add tion to the
draft was added With a view to nro
vldlng an independent command for
Mr. Roosevelt and giving the military
authority an opportunity to use his
fine vigor and enthusiasm in recruit
ing -the forces now at the western
Sorry Up Can't Do It.
"It would De very agreeable to me
to pay Mr-Roosevelt this compliment
fcnd the allies the compliment of send
ing to their aid one of our most dis
tinguished public men, an ex-presi- i
uent wno nas renuereu many con
spicuous public services and proved
Sheppard Is Host To
! Senators; War Bread
Is Principal Feature.
"Washington. D. C, May 19. Sen
ators, guests or senator Sheppard, of
Texas, at luncneon in the capitol to-
nay naa a demonstration of "war
bread," suggested as a means to con
serve wheat. Bread having 15 per
center cotton seed flour mixed with
wheat flour, baked at tee bureau of
chemistry, was served.
By using the cottonseed flour, sen
ator Sheppard said 115.000,000 bushels
of wheat can be saved annually and
the nutritive value of bread doubled.
ALIFNS SAIL FOR EUROPE:
GERMANS, AUSTRIANS, TURKS
New Tork, May 19. The remaining
members of the Austrian diplomatic
and consular party and 130 Germans
from China were among thoso who
booked passage on the Norwegian
American liner Kristianlafjord, sail
ing for Norway today. As the vessel
Is neutral and passes through neutral
waters exclusively, the management
of the line announced there was no
need of secrecy. -DIelal
Munlf Bey. Turkish consul
general, and his wife and Constantln
Mavroudl Effendi, second secretary
of the Turkish embassy at "Washing
ton, also were passengers.
To Europe; ,
are in motion northward from tht
border, preparatory to the expansion
of the regular service to full wa
1 strength. Of the 1SS.S9S men neces-
' sary to bring the regular up to the
233.000 mark. n,SJ alread have
been recruited and the remainder are
expected to come in before June i:
i iiie naiiuni iruHrubiiieit win ,
1 drafted Into the federal service in
i inree increments on juit as. juo -
' oirl liiirtiot r. io n nrAnAml nvilar la I
issued b the president drafting spe- .
cific regiments, the force will cease
to be militia and become part of th'el
armies of the United States. They
w.111 T v-Alto.'iwf ,,- tli ltrlfMrtTie nn.
on use of the militia and be available
for service in any part of the world.
To Recruit Up National Guard.
I State authorities were authorized
todav to fill nresenr reiriments or
other units up to full war strength,'
making a xorce ox approximately
329,951 men and S847 officers. No new
national guard organization will be
accepted by the federal government
until this is done and reserve battal
ions for each regiment organized. The
result will be virtually to triple the
present strength of the guard, but re
ports to the department show heavy
recruiting in all states.
10,000.000 to Be Registered.
Allewances must be made when the
military census of men between the
specified ages has been completed, for
probable variation from census bu
reau estimates as to the total number
of persons in this classification. It is
regarded as unlikely that the regis-
(Contlnned on Tate , CoL I.)
Fight Germany Not to Be
his gallantry in many striking ways..
4TnlftliVllv trtft if WOTlM Tin flotlHt '
Tollticaliy, too, it would no oouDt
nave a very tine eiieci ana mise a
, a lln,ress,on.
unL al., i t- - ...
XlUt IU1S IS J1UI IRC Ul& UT U1C
occasion for compliment or for any
action not calculated- to contribute
to the Immediate success of the war.
The business in hand now is undra
matlc practical and of scientific
definiteness and precision.
... . ... ..
under-expert professional advice from
both sides of the water.
Toung Men. deeded.
"That .advice is that the men most
n,ee.11 ,aree Ltbe aKs c016?-
plated in the draft provision of the
present MIL not men of the age and
sort contemplated in the section which
authorizes the formation of volunteer
units, ana that for the preliminary
training of the men who are to oe
drafted we shall need all of our ex
"Mr. Roosevelt told me, when I had
the pleasure of seeing him a few
weeks apt, that he would wish to
have associated -with him some .of the
most effective officers of the regular
army. He named many of those whom
he would desire to have designated
for the service, and they were men
who cannot possibly be spared from
the too small force of officers at our
command for the much more pressing
and necessary duty of training regu
lar troops to De put mta the Xield
In France and Belgium as fast as they
can be got ready.
first cna Regulars uniy.
"The first troops sent to France
will be taken from the present force?
of the regular army, and will be un
der the command of trained soldiers
"The responsibility for the success
ful con'duct of our own part in this
great war rests upon me- I could not
escape it if I would. I am too much
Interested in the cause we are fight
ing for to be Interested in anything
The issues Involved are too im
mense for me to take Into considera
tion anything whatever except the
best, most effective, most Immediate
means of military action. "What these
means are I know from the mouths of
men who have seen war as it is now
conducted, who have no Illusions and
to whom the whole grim matter Is a
matter of business.
"I shall center my attention upon
those means and let everything else
I should be deeply to blame should
I do otherwise, whatever the argu
ment of policy for a personal gratifi
cation or advantage.
Fraternity Pins, Motor
I Cars Prohibited in Camp
For U. S. Reserve Officers
Ft, Sheridan. I1L, May 19. Frater
nity pins, college yells and motor
cars were placed under the ban at
the reserve officers' training camp
today by CoL 7ta. Nicholson, com
mandant. A number of the candidates for
commissions had been wearing
jeweled pins on the olive drab shirts.
while others were prone to use their
nrivate automobiles for trips about
the camp during leisure hours. These,
'"ol. Nicholson said, did not make for
democracy. The men were told that
henceforth their schooling is to be
that of the American army and not
that oi tne coiiege-campus.
Nicaragua Follows Lead
and Breads With Germany
wasnington. u. c. aiay 19. Nicara
gua, following the lead of Guatemala
and Honduras; has severed diplomatic
relations with Germany.
BRITISH MISSIO.Y VISITS
CAPITAL OF COXFEDERACY
"Washington, D. C, May 19. For
eign secretary Balfour and other
members of the British mission went
to Richmond, Va., today to visit the
former capital or the confederacy
and enjoy for a sinele da the. hoi.
! pitality of the south. i
' J"?," "" '" "JST" ",Son May 15. sank 11
r rt 1 Tl . D t i
MOSSeS DrCOl? LfOWn tietOTei
I . , , .-,
trench LlMS CjXCepl I
On Extreme West.
TD 71. f A AfC J 7CZ7
t rrrrn ffrjy
British Mae a Successful
Raid Near Gouzeaucourl
And Tae Prisoners.
ARIS, France, CUay 19. The Ger
mans once more returned to the
attack on the Aisne front lasi
night, hurling troops in waves 1
against the French positions north -
west or Braye-En-Laonnois.
The war office announces that the
Germans were unable to reach the
French lines except on the extreme
western part of thef ront attacked,
where some German detachments won
a footing in advanced trenches.
Prisoners remained in the hands of
The Germans used burning liquid
in an unsuccessful attack northeast
BrltUn Make ucceufal Rail.
London. Eng, May 19. "We made a
successful raid last night northeast
of Gouzeauconrt and brought back
prisoners and a machine gun," says
I today s official statement on the
Franco-Belgian front operations.
"Hostile raids were repulsed east
of Loos, northeast of Armentleres and
Least of Tpres."
London, Eng. May 19. It was of
ficlally announced here -yesterday
that a fleet of Austrian light cruisers
vessels!) in the Adriatic and in the
following engagement the British
cruiser Dartmouth " was torpedoed,
i but managed tor reach port
An official report' from Rome says
. . ... .,
, An ene squadron, composed of
'cruisers ana aesiroyers, tavorea Dy
darkness, attacked shortly before
dawn of the lath a small convoy
crossing the Adriatic under escort.
In the brief, unequal fight, one f i
our escorting torpedo boats, one
steamer and .a. motor fishing boat
csed as a patrol were sunk.
Eurnr Flee To Shelter.
"Italian and British warships and
two French destroyers rushed to the
scene of action, whereupon the enemy .
fled northward, pursued by the al-,
lied ships which -vigorously
"Two enemy ships, close pressed
by Italian light cruisers, succeeded'
in gaining shelter near Durazzzo un-1
der the gnns of coast batteries. On
the other hand, the British cruiser,
Dartmouth, on board which was the
Italian admiral commanding the i
Rcont division. artA followed bv an
other cruiser and destroyer, running
at high speed, managed to maintain
contact with three enemy ships of
the Novara type for more than two
hours, firing about 600 shots unttL
arriving In the neighborhood of the
Cattaro defences, larger ships came
out to their support.
Seaplanes Join In Dattlr.
"Meanwhile our seaplanes, after
repulsing enemy machines attacked
bis ships, inflicting serious damage
with bombs. The pilots of two of
our seaplanes were able to observe
one of the cruisers enveloped In
smoke. Its stern had been demol
ished and It was In a sinking con
dition when It reached Cattarc
"All of our warships and seaplanes
returned to their base."
SUNK; 3 a
London. Eng, May 19 The Brit
ish steamship Highland Corrie was
torpedoed without warning on May
16. Five members of the crew and
three passengers were killed by the
BRITISH TRANSPORT SUNK;
40 MEN BELIEVED DROWNED
London. Eng, May 19. The Brit
ish transport Cameronia was tor
pedoed by an enemy submarine In
the eastern Mediterranean on April
15, according to an admlraltv an
nouncement which states that 140
men are missing and are presumed
to have been drowned.
ITALIANS CAPTURE CREST"
OF AUSTRIAN POSITION
Rome. Italy, May 19. The Italians
yesterday reached the crests of hill
651 in the Vodlce, says today's official
statement. These positions are the
key to the Austrian defences north
of Monte Santo.
BllITISII ARE ATTACKED
BY ENUMY BIT "WIN
London. Eng, May 19 The
enemy has again heavily counter at
tacked our new positions on the
Struma front (Macedona). but were
driven back with loss." n an offi
cial announcement made here today.
me ruai naval air service success
fully bombed the? airdrome and camp
Dun c mm
n h id u
J III ll I
j .,, , Z TT L; . .
i Regulars Will Be Accompanied by Begiment of Marines,
Annnnnrorl Plopo nf AmpriMne; in "Ficrnf.fncrT.fno Will
Be Determined After Troops Begin Their Training
Abroad; Pershing and Staff to Precede Command.
WASHINGTON, D. C May 19.
American troops when they
go to the European battle
front under command of Maj. Gen.
J. JT. Pershing, may take places to
buttress the little Belgian line. 33
tenaciously holding fast to a strip on
the extreme west all of Belgium that
escaped the German invaders.
President "Wilson's statement ex
plaining his reasons for not accept
ing at this time Col Roosevelt's of
fer of a division, contained a phrase
which has attracted much attention
and suggested that American troops
may go to Belgium to help right the
wrongs which turned the world
against Germany. The president ex
plained that the regular army of-
! take with his division were needed
I for "the math more pressing and
necessary -s-y of training regular-
i troops, to De.put in the Held in France
jand Belgium as fast as they can be
I First Mention of Belclam.
So far as is known, that was the
Iftm official mention of putting
American troops In Belgium and the
sentimental value -of "SeHdlng troops
bearing the American, flag to the
violated soil of the little country in
whose behalf all humanity has been
aroused has been recognized jnlckly.
iTepare To send Expedition,
Preparations for send'ng of the
first expedition of regulars moved
forward swiftly today but entirely
without publicity except as to the
participation of the marines, a full
,War Department Issues Order Announcing Departure
oi ien. jf ersmng ana Troops to .France as Soon as
Possible; General Is Automatically Relieved of
Command of the Southern Department.
r- t ASHINGTON, D. C May 19.
A United States regular troops.
v w led by Mat Gen. John J.
Pershing, will carry the Stars and
Stripes to the European battle front
Under orders from president "Wil
son, a division of approximately 25
000 troops will go to France as soon
as possible to cooperate with British
and French forces.
Regiment of Marines Going.
A regiment of marines, commanded
by CoL Charles A. Doyan and com
posed of veterans of active service
in Haiti, Santo Domingo and Cuba,
will accompany Gen. Pershing's di
vision. Secretary Daniels said the marine
regiment would have a strength of
2600 men. It will be armed, equipped
and organized in the same way as the
army regiments of the Pershing ex
peditionary force. , Organizations
which will compose the regiment will
be brought home from the tropics im
Maj. Cen. Pershing is automatically
relieved or his command or' the south
ern deDArtment -with headauarters at
San Antonio. Texas, to which he was
appointed upon the death or Maj. Gen.
Frederick Funston soon after the re- peaiuonary rorce of approximate
turn of the punitive expedition, com- one division of regular troops, under
manded by Gen. Pershing, from Mex- command of Gen. John J. Pershing, to
ico. proceed to France at as early a dat
Belief exists In army etrcles'that as practicable. General Pershing and
Brig. Gen James Parker, the ranking staff will precede the troops abroad.
"Brigadier, will be promoted major 'It is requested that no details oi
general and placed in command of j speculations with regard to the mobi
the department. Gen. Parker Is now ltzatlon of this command, dates of a
at San Antonio in temporary charge ' parturc or other Items, be carried by
of the department. i the pres other than the official bul-
PeTKhlns- Career. iletlns given out by the war depar-
iiaj. uen. i-ersnmg. wno is to ieaatment relating nereto.
America's first battle unit against the
Germans, has been a fighter of In
dians, Filipinos and Mexicans. A year
ago In March, then a brigadier gen
eral, he commanded the column
which went into Mexico in search of
Once Intended To Be Lawyer.
Gen. Pershing, who is nearly 5T
The Herald and Jewish Relief
THE AMERICAS JEWISH RELIEF C01DI1TTKE
..For Sufferers From the War.
Xew York, Mav li.
JWiwh 1 Paso Herald:
Rabbi Martin Ziejonka assures ns that, were itnot for the spate wuieh.
you have so generously given to our cau-e in yolr great 'paper, El Piuo
could not have made such a magnifieent showing as it did in beaalt of tbe
war sufferers. . ,
On betalf of our eoumHttev. permit me to assure Vou of our sutterest
appreciation. Cbrdjally yours.
TacoVBillilepf, ISreectne Director.
a u w s 5- i at tt fe .r . s r '
V WWW Ji,j,& A S.t3 3
ON WILL TIN
regiment (2S09 men! of whi-b was
ordered abroad -with the regulars to
make good the "first to fight" slogan
of the corps. It can be said authpri
tativeij, however, that the govern
ment proposes to give the troop
every possible advantage of training
and equipment to fit them for the
Men Will ne.Tralned Behind Trtnehex
-ill military advisers have agreed
(that additional training withjn sound
or tne guna at tne iront must Jf
given to forces- taken to Belgium or
France before they take their places
in the line. The regulars of the ex
peditionary forc are certain to have
that training. In placing new divis
ions in the line of battle. Great Brit
ain has followed the practice of a
customing the men g-adualty to t!v
work before them. The first JC0,69
of the Kitchener army was put T
with each battalion flanked by v
eran British or French troops nntil n
Fersalnir To Select Training Caaipx.
Presumably Gen. Pershtng will se
lect, in conference with French ant!
British officials when he reaches the.
scene m action, roe location ror thf
American training canrps- and the part
of the line to which American troopt
will later beassigned9iU aPw-tv de
termined then. The first expedition
probably! also, win pave ths way for
the armies that are to follow it -as
soon -as they: ara ready.
rmy Maealnery In Dprratten.
The -machinery to- build tbo-v
, armies was in full motion today
Early reports. Indicated a tremend
ous stimulation of recruiting of re
cruiting, both for the regula- army
and the national guard.
FIRST W II;
years old, Is a native of Missouri At
one time he intended to be a lawve
and graduated in a law course at the
University of Nebraska, but later
entered West Point from which he
graduated in 18x6. He married a
daughter of senator Warren of
"Wyoming but lost his wife and three
children In a Ore at the PrnsM.o, San
Francisco, two years ago.
"Was Head Of Invular Bureau.
The war department bureau of m
sular affairs was organized bv Ge-'
Pershing soon after the Spanish wa
and for a time he was" Its chief. Du--ing
the Russo-Japanese war he atlfi
as military, attache at Tokio and was
wun Kuroki's army in Manchurta.
From .1906 to 1913 he was in th
Philappines again, part of the tim
as governor of Moro province. Then
he becamercommander of the Eightn
brigade with headquarters at San
Francisco, came to the border with
the mobilization or two years ago.
and was in command of th TCI Pnw
district until placed In command of
tne punitive expedition aent Into Mex
Persaing And Staff Precede Troops.
-wi,viu u me icjwk ui me terse
announcement of the -war department
as to Gen. Pershing's expedition
"The president has directed an e
Plana Alrend-v Mitri-
Gen. Pershing has been in Wash
ington some days. He was personal
ly summoned by secretary Bake
from the southern department, which
was under his command until the
order was Issued,
The man who led the expedition
(Continued on Paxe 4. CiL 3.)