Newspaper Page Text
EL PASO HERALD
-- - ' ' '" . . . . matiMlK nrtA Tftr fn CDT nofC ar- - -
New Orleans Devotes Miles of Great
1 Warehouses to Preparedness Campaign
Grain From Great Mississippi Valley Fields and Cotton
Gathered in Monster Elevators and Warenouses; Has
NEW ORLEANS. La.. May 39.
Stand with me on the roof of
the huge elevator which the
Mate of Louisiana is building at the
end of the gram -hut of the Missis
sippi valiev. and take a. look at New
' rl-an- and what it is doing along the'
ne ' mdn.ral preparedness. Of
the United States.
re is none more
.ile to the needs
,i today. There is
one "which has a
ier view of
jt ibilities of the
'u.ure and none
i -t has gone far-
hr along the
i -e which shall
.-elop its tndus-
1 i-s and make it
-afe " port for
,ll. .a n.
.,,1 business. I
Tod hae read
, Qtorv of the i
, v. n.iu 1
T,e 'might v river
n'. fd b
itLj'lo ae ovw
ic It wae J
-r; ago that the
! renchman La
Si lie came from
VJJhec down the i
i fct-issippi a"
claimed all the
i. .. i
la-id washed by i
th. -Father or
Waters" for king
nee. It was he w 'io
- tn' ja-i- uk the title 'it me
irreat-i part pf the west which -we
boiiebt of Napoleon Bonaparte in 18'jI
Richest and Gayest of Cities.
Many of you know that New Or
leans was established as the capital
of the French possessions just about
:W years ago. that the territory was
once" In the hands of Snaip and that
today a large part of Its people are
of French and Spanish descent. You
have reaii of the growth of New Or
leans, how for generations it has
been the greatest city of the far
south, and how it Is even now one of
the richest and gayest towns of th
hemisphere. You have probably
looked upon it as frivolous and ex
travagant, with a spice of wicked
ness thrown in. but ou hae never
considered it a model for en ic virtues
equaling and surpassing your own
town in its city spirit and municipal
upbuilding and progress.
Commercial Greatness f City.
Nevertheless, it is of th it New
Or'eans that I am writing toda. This
mighty elevator above wbi h we are
standing is being built by the state,
in order that this port may handle
grain so cheaply that it will flow
here from the bread baskets of the
Mississippi talley. as well as from the
great states of the went Right under
lis is tne vast concrete warenouee.
built by Louisiana for the cheap
handling of cotton, and looking up
and down the great river, which,
like a mighty yellow boa constrictor,
winds its wa through the city, are
wharves, docks and warehouses con
structed by the municipality and ops
erated for consumers at a minimum
If you will'look closely at the ex
panse of buildings below you may
see two iron bands which girdle the
h9-4- of New Orleans. Trains are fly
ing along them and they connect with.
many systems ox rauroaus uiul wmc
down to this gatewa to the ocean.
That is the Public Belt railway, which
was constructed by the citizens in
order to reduce freights and brin-j
about the economic handling of goots.
Before It wa. established every tar
toad of frcisht that was delivered
Today In y ar from any road ma -
! Transferred COST Irom I io -J
1 I .
HE UNITED STATES, NOW BEING DESCRIBED BY MR.
he brought right to the -wt- house I
. i .....-.... ..!. . iK
or store Oi me i-uusumci i- , --
11 milH of this track at a ot of
only SI Further on I will show you
something of the enormous reduc-
tiors which are made by the wart-
houses and- bv the big cotton and
grain establishments right under oai
hncroaehing On tbe Swamps.
nut ttrmt lot na tsk a. look o tr
New Orleans. It extends for miles ,
back from the river, wmen nere runs
in a great crescent about the heart
of the city. The buildings cover al
mntt a mticb ground as Chiacgo.
IThey are spread out over a great flat
plain, mp most oi mem ijiu rc
tween the river and Lake Pontchar
train. The cit is graduallj crawl
ing toward the lake The swamps
are bemr redeemed, and within a
short lime tit-re win ne
boulevard running along
bankn nt of that magnificent body (
The cit of New Orleans is more
beautiful from an airplane than most
other American muimipaiinep.
has but few sKVScrapers, jhq
'mam thoroughfares, some BT which
are jnore than J00 feet wide, have a
broal strip of green in tne center.
throupn which tne electric an i"
The residence section has many beau
tiful gardens filled with date palms
and other tropical trees, and It is
onlv in the old French quarter that
the houses are crowded along nar
row Mreets. with galleries running
from block to bock
Hm Elalwralr IlrniMRr Can:
hk ualwnilf urainBcr cnnni -jnr..,
, i . , . . ... ... ... i
ioaa. isew vjrjcaiis
founded upon a rock.
Toda. New uneans is iikb tne -. i
. , ..i. i i luinn
lOUnOCCl HWW H- ru-fl. 11 1 fv".
founded upon a rock, it is dob moving In and out of thel After pressing, tbe cotton Is ready rangement for taking out the bales.
dry a- far as theg round upon which T flow fMt that jl to ,tored avray , the warehonse. No matter how much cotton be piled
it Bta,' c'er?I!?I1, 1 svsteii Tlsreat vessels can be loaded at once. 'so that It can be taken out at the above it, any bale may be removed
hae an Immense drainage sjsieiu. aaaaa h..,h.i, .minii nt h A.-nr- nt hinn-i nfflnihnt itii.i!ne ih other hales in
consisting of more than 0 miles oi
main low-leei canals, into -wnicn mc ,
water 'uns from a network of tiles
so distributed that a four-inch rain
fpll. E' ch as would drown most other
cities, disappears almost as soon as it
drops The level oi tne city is sukh ,
that the water nas to do puiuieu
of tKe canals into other lush-level
canals, which carry it ofr into Lake
n.u.ti'hartrain There are 10 m'lea
of such canals, and there are seven
great pumping stauons wnitu . i..-.
h-VTl.'.ir. into them. When tho ad
ditional pumps now being constrnct-
capacity will b'e more than seven
billion gallons per day. ,
The sewerage system is entirely
.- -Am th rirainaee system.
There are altogether 500 miles of ,
i.,ots and the sewage runs under i
these, by gravity, to pumping sta
tions? out of which tt is discharged
into the river.
-..r -Vatcnvork Wonderful.
The new city waterworks are
eaually wonderful. The cisterns have
disappeared. and Sew Orleans now
lant which coers 70 acres and de-1
.rs The best cf water to the peo
ple at a cost to the city or aooui,
two cents per thousand gallons. The-1
waurmains are ST miles long and
the consumption of water is more
than ztl.so.,',,,' sa" ""- "
three systems of water, drainage and
inree systems t. umiiiim.
but th?y have cut down the death!
rate from more than twenij -seven,
ntr thousand to less than twenty per
iVri..j n-h rleath rate Of whites
slower than that of almost any oth
er city of the world. It Is only 1.
of U per thousand.
c. '. lints and Mosquitoes.
A this " in striking contiMt with
the New Orleans of the past- The
yellow Tever and the bubonic plague
haie heen eliminated, and the city
bts beSf made as safe and healthy
as any in the world. The cisterns
which bred the yellow fever mos
quitoes have been destroyed, and i JS.
OM.eoe has been spent in rat-proor-
in? ist,i mu""!i" " --
las you know, that carrjes the bu-
l. , , - T ..11 mnpA Injn 1-
ooo 000 ras have been trapped and j
nnn c n azue. xu a. hw. . -. ,
killed and todav every vessel mat
laiias at the wharves must be rat-,
Frank G. Carpenter
(Copyright. 11T, br Frank U
G. Carpenter ) 1
From the Fertile South!
u xme3 01 water x ioat.
guards on any connection between
IT nrf fha chnra Thivie fliorila a f
, - -- ......... . ... . ,... uv - -
discs of galvanize, iron as big around
las a dishpan Each hai. a hole in
the center and this is so fitted around
'the rope that no rat can pass.
I I might speak of other new things
. in the ,way of roads, schools and
public Improvements, one of which
I provides for an industrial canal to
i connect the city with Lake Pont-
chartrain. Altogether, wltnin a very
now managed by public spirited citi
zens who work without pay.
The elevator all told covers some
acres, and tbe roof is ! feet above
the ground. It is being erected in
units, and by the time this letter
is published tt will nave a capacity
ot more than two ana one-nan mu
lion bushels of grain.
A; it is now:. I
.fiTr iiV-iVCiaST,ntM - bales per annum- 3?a " w"1 cago man offered to supply the army, ""i,"" "1," C ""'" V:iJt batants in Europe are using it in
something like xiw.ow.oo in this , v,noall v be able to store about one- ... , .. , . , ; second. Only one shot was fired. , Dal. ,,.. D., ,k. ,?,Ti. ,
. ..nh,.:i.- and . .! mri rtwiiT w uir l" "!., rT. i with a cloth armor of secret comooai- . . .na r ... .... ,- . vanet of waTs But the puzzle is
.. -,t u(.uu.jwm,.fr. .. a. f,.. r i third or all tne cotion raiseu m uui i uui i m 4c.": "- ..... . . - . , h fhin -hat ir
nf tV.m -mnrlr has W.n Hnne anH is I '"" V... ..j .. lli .. ,.,.i.aJ -nC .,l.. -m irk. nn.liiA. r.r th. Int., i a i develop it in bUCtl lUDlOU .nai 11
the grain is all coming in by rail. ' an atre and its floor is covered with
but the elevator is eouipped for i cotton. It is where the cotton is re
barges as well, and it can already pressed before it is stored awav in
swallow such grain at the rate of I the warehouse. "When it conies in from
sAOO bushels tier hour. A great barge the mnntrr it has alreadv been
trade is expected, and this capacity I
will immediately be doubled. The,
grain is sucked up from the barses
through nines, on much the same
principle as the vacuum cleaner
sucks up dust from the floor
Lnlond .invito iiusneiK n liny.
The grain can be taken from the.
railroad cars at the rate of 100.000
bushels t.er da. It is carried into I
the elevator and dropped Into mighty
storage bins, from which it goes on '
..,.. ;,. .!, t,Ala r Ik.
:... . ,. :. .. , .. - .u
.iiiti.be n.i,N iiiiii inn , 11. ui ,.; '
T - n.i.hx ,, r.--
aic.uicm .... w ... .- ... .....-
, t 1 t I ... AC lh.l
Evervthinc is'done auto-
.--- - --
How MArfT f e:or.t0, Z-fT )k -T l.
) c novtR neFct . Tnei fte -f Sv r ' 1
I ) fvwfOL TriiCK OVZK rteRE J B TV fvj.'itu.' )
A3 Ai' -fClW''Sw 1 -v "- VTS-fklV Ti-fJ". JffFt- XL1W --. I lUrOlTV: "
Of -6 .tr . 1 I c&, -t.?x 7?
?J S r"i rt---?v .-,' Oc-,-- I '7,.i -rf 1t V S
& fyz-&mpYP ). y --
IX -T t "II 'I- r-t fVSf.7-U - '. S7 KSSX,v-sX X I
Iff - , sZlc L.tT T 2Lry 1-JI 'V si -
rs i VI, cz.i f-LVriisf&Jr.rr.t-.-o.i "
I ( xk VL ' iswfflrh 2 i'
"vi-irV iv --wiva jn. jt' 7s"-z7
XrwSBW ' VfmrS ' -'T&r-
z3ft ImwmrSK Ur ? K -
nutimlK ip tiif fncpi''-'fi"S ar-
ransements ire smb. ihu the insur
ance rate on tue gra n i.- onl 1
cents per $10. The el"ator " a
state institution it is not intended!
!for profit, and the handling is wi.ir.jeJ
I for at a minimum rate.
I Even more interesting 'than the
I grain elevator is the cotton warehouse
which adjoins it. This warehouse was;
I erected b the sta'e of Louisiana.
1 The rates of handling the cotton
are far below am- that have pre-
l ailed in the past Tbe insurance per-i
, oentage is aoout tne same as mai
'of grain and nbotit one-twentieth of
what the planters hae been paying
As it is now. at ihe present high
,nce. the insurant e rate is less than
in cents a bal-. whereas in the past
it -was much in excess of Z
The cotton warehouse is a structure
of concrete and steel, running around
immense courts, where the cotton Is
dropped when it comes in from the
country. The building has something
like CO acres under roof, and when
completed it will cover more than 100
. jt ,- n can handle about
more than tS.000.0W. and It will bo of
enormous value to ew urieans ana
the whole middle south.
Just now. on account of the war. the
cotton is guarded, and the onlv vis
itors admitted are those who come by
special arrangement, and in the auto
mobiles that belone to the nlant.
Th nra mom ncennies more tlian
pressed and made ready for shipment,
but the presses there are such that
they squeeze only 14 pounds into each
cubic foot. They mav be pressed to
less than half their original size This
is done in the high density presses.
whi h take a great bale of cotton in
their Jaws and squeeze it between
their iron cheeks with a force equal to
4.6M.U0Q oounds This force is exert-
led on all aides, and when the bale
comes out a cubic foot of it weighs
ll,n 4 nftlln.l
... j .. i- '
stnmi in Pin ii-.-.r r-nn.iai-tncnu
.-..... ...-. .. . .--- - . -.
lit.. nr.Binv (K. Mitl.n la .Mill-
to Europe or to anv nart of the United
- - .
Bullet Proof Coats
"War Department Is Interested in Inventions, Kevr Devices tor Protecting Sol
diers; One Inventor Allows Himself Fired At; Coat "Works.
ASHLNGTO.V. D. C, May 19.-
"A bullet-proof waistcoat.
let him put it-on. and s-and up b.fore
a flring .squad. If he survives, the t JpresenV of ordnce "" I " problem here concerned is one
War department will be glad to buy fJVs from tae Picatinny Arsenal, he that has been giving our military au
the kind of clothing he wants to Invited an ezpert military marksman .th"u's rL L1 Sl thTre is
,n- i o fire at him from a distance or 6, mS- Afmor is comiag back, there is
selL yards ' not tne ,east oub of tnat- In 'a1-
That is what the ordnance bureau A Springfield riOe was used, with ' t has already come back, with the
,!.r -,- .f A .,. ,c-n , fM- -ni.tin .mrannitlnn The steet recent return to old-time roejhods of
csiu -. uB- -w u. nv. .. ,
bullets. But the inventor did not I
come up to the scratch. 1
State?. It is wheeled into one of the
great fireproof compartments into
which the vast building is divided.
These compartments have steel doors.
Tbelr walls are of artificial stone and
they have automatic sprinkling ar
rangements, running along the ceil
ing, which will deluge the cotton if
they are subjected to heat. The com
partments are enormous. They are
chambers 28 feet front. 40 feet high
and 100 feet deep- Each is large
enough to hold a :6-room house, and
there are Hi in the warehouse.
The cotton bales are carried to the
doors and traveling cranes, which run
along under the roof, lift them up and
pile them in place. They are put up
in four great rows, so that thev fill
the room almost to the roof, and the
bales are so marked and tagged that
you can tell at a glance to wnom eacn
nimurtri -nHih the crano is the ar-
." .. ...... - - -
the compartment. This machinerv is
. ' n -
j f. g&t &UCXtfcRSf fVctf- 1
r eiJ 17.,
oy ooiaieis 01 miuxc
Now however. It s different. A
New Jersey inventor. Guy otls,
bullet-proof Jacket and bedgear of
.....v. . ... ... . .
. . r - .t -t t .. ,-
?c.reu,0tyDa J" .iff' TL". ."
headgear weigh SO pounds; but the
, almost human in its operation. Two
steel arms run in over the bale and with knives. The up-to-date bayonet
take off the strain, while steel claws is in effect a knife readily service
sink themselves into it and drag It out able as such But the soldiers in
almost in the wink of an eve In the the trenches ut is said a.re now coin
ordinary cotton warehouse a large I roonH armed with regular butcher
part of the cost of handl.ng is in get- ! knives for hand-to-haid work. In
ting out the lots of the various con- fighting of this kind, centuries ago.
surners. Here any number of bales can protective armor was utilized to great
be taken out or demand, and that at . advantage.
practically no expense and within a i the days of Conde. Turenne, and
very few minutes. The machinerv is I Marlborough, when Flanders was
worked by electricity and the press- I scarred with trenches, much a3 it is
ing of a button is about all the ex- to day. the trench-diggers w arc gro
ertion required. I tesque headpieces that weighed as
Handles Knorreoua Qniintity. I much as 30 4ounds. Some of these
Both the cotton warehouse ami he , huge helmets had ridges around tho
grain elevator are fed by the Munici- I ee-holes. to protect the ives from
pal Belt railway, so that the cars of j siantmg 'shots, and. in the slang of
any system can come right to their t tne ,ja, were called deatn e-heads."
doors On the other side of them ( The obvious disadvantages of armor
flows the Mississippi river, w I'h such 8 jta weight. But Prof. Bashford
docking arrangements that the cotton Qean! curator of armor in the Metro
and grain go by machinerv directlr poiitan museum New Yorkr. calls
into tbe holds of the .--hips, which car- attention to the fact that the ordinary
ry them to New England. Europe, equipment of the infantrvman today
South America and otner parts of the ' weighs nearly as much as the armor
world. . of a knight in the middle ages. And
About one-half of the cotton of the tne modern cavalryman loads his
United States is now raised in the horse with a weight hardly less (100
country tributary to New Orleans, and to j58 pounds) than the armored war-
this warehouse means a great increase steed carried four centuries ago.
in the amount Of Shipping that Will 1 in ..,,,. HmM th arm.ir4! man
come to the port. As it is. New Or-
ewna ma s uimincnx ut uvui .-t . ..
million tons per annum, ami it is onu
surpassed by New lork in tne amount
of its Incoming and outgoing shipping
The people here look for an enormous
growth in the business of the port,
and they have created facilities of
warehousing and docking wbicb will
enable them to take care of the trade
of the Mississippi alle. no matter
how much It may grow
Hr -11 JUIra of Water Front.
In order that I might describe the i
" . i
extent of the docks the commission- .
ers of the dock board sent me on the,
fire tur Sanison un and down the i
whole length of the water front, al- , roon ,oIal.r couid ot have the ad
lowing me to make photographa on I vant,. of such rotection because
tne way. we steamea ieisure. tr.,. i
dock to dock and from warehouse to,
warehouse, covering a distance of
something like IS miles i
The available water front in he
city Is ! miles and this all be
longs to the municipality. The munici
pal docks already bunt nave a iengtn
of seven miles. There are also fne
I miles oi warehouses, great sneas o
f.'VSh '.'tl-?. 'Tii- iifwa? J!Je ' cu'd "iKd out by machinery:
ti'.hi n.C.i5fItv.?,I2?Sd' ' " 'suits would be incomparably
hind them. Certain docks are dex oted , . !!lrhter . w-icht. be-
IZit;?", o?rsNo SI SS The? "woubj'be Saaee'oKfh. far
such as banana", and others to sugar I ,,, quim Dr steel. Ilar.eylzed,"
and grain 0 -KruODi-ed "
iVLai!r,n,i'e TT-k ,?dnn T Thu" it appears that armor, having
,mS fh.ii rLi.-hLiffZit -omf nt" military use. has as
hlri; h- lh.Hdres sTfLst ",omd a 'unction much more widely
aT"i.T.o!f. l. L ifi m. the 'tended, inasmuch as it is now avall
4c, o? .n h? aWe tOT tne "rotection not onlv of the
r. " " r ..
At another wharf there were se -
eral steamers of the Lnlted Fruit
luinimiik uniwiuiiiK iwiwu-.-- i "
Guatemala. Costa Rica and Panama.
Each had brought some tens of thou-
ompanv unloading bananas from
Each had brought some tens of thou-
vanrl of hananas and as w e ous-t d
we could see the wide stre-ims of
?reen fruit ci.mwng up the cmlles'
belts which carried tbra bi m.!''111"" " 7'.
chinery from the holds of the steam
ers off to the cars.
Everything seemed to he tbe acme I
' ofeconomical effieicnc methods, and
1 he whole trip dc-nonstr-itcd one of
IThe triumphs of modern municipal ad
-- -- - . - ir i la -V i." iffc , -
materjal "" s(&
outfit can kneel, lie down, rise and
, "" SSSS:
I fir,hiini. it .Inc. nitartm. Ihe com
i s a(Yntet with a maximum or el-
ficiencv to tie conditions of modern
Much Flghtins Done W ith Knives.
Much of the f ightlns todaj is dona
, wa ,,ual in fighting efficiency to a
( qqj mam unarmorea aaversanes.
t.- had them at an enormous disad-
tantages. because he was. relatively
speaking, invulnerable. He could
wound or kill them, but thev could
not easily hurt bim. Tbe game re
mark applies today to the hand-to-hand
fighter chid in armor w ho is op
posed b men unprovided with such
This has come to be so full reali
sed that all of tip combatant na-
(.Makaai in IT CAT. A sTT t-Awmu tiniA t3Ct
iiviia a M krc av cviut: lime ukj.
nae been doinsr thwr best to coa.
trUe satisfactory armor for their
ii.i - t u a. w. .
srmor TOt too much 0n, rtcn men
oou,,, aftord ,t A first-class suit of
bau,f. cIoth1nB couia not ,e haJ for
,. n, the nr-aent-dav eauivalent
of 1 10.000.
rnior Cheaper Now.
It Is different now. If armor of
th old st le were to become the war
fasniou of todax. it would be relative-
.. -h, - Th,, .... rnlnM,ir it
' nTlirer. hill nr tfin cmnmrtn anlrllAr.
The puzzle, however, is to adapt Its
utilization to the new conditions of
rf - r
'" jji", "Z 1"' "i" . Z, T.ii hi
not to Pro ltle an armor that "hall be
a -soluteb puncture-proof, as opposed
? rife-bullet. To possess this quality.
. ..1-. i i.. 1.
better, for practical mimosa, is
light cuirass and helmet that will
shed bullets b glancing, and that
will turn the point of knife or
For this p irpoe a curved metal
(Continued on Next Fncc.)