Newspaper Page Text
1 TODAY'S PRICES
Mexican bank notes, state bills, 91Bc; pesos, 68c;
Mexican gold, 52J4c; nacjonales, 17&18J4c; bar sU
j ver, H. & H. quotation, 85J$c; copper, $23.50; grains,
I lever; livestock, steady; stocks, higher. ,
El Paso and West Texas, fair, warmer; New Mex
ico, fair, warmer; Arizona, partly cloudy. (Tomorrow
will be wheatless day.)
LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
DELIVERED AKTWEEEE 60e K MONTH
EL PASO, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING. FEBRUARY 26. 1918.
8 INGLE COPT FIVE CENTS.
16 PAGES TODAY.
b8 Ib M o
TEN MILE ZONE BILL
MAKING TEXAS CITIES
DRY IS INTRODUCED
Prohibition Measure Is One of First to Be Brought Up
After Convening of the Texas Legislature Today in
Fourth Special Session; Applying to Army Camp
Localities, It Would Make the Cities Dry.
AUSTIN, Texas. Feb. 26. To pro
vide for statutory prohibition
for the state of Texas and
"dry" zones around all army camps
in the state, which virtually will make
all Texas cities dry, was the first
work taken op by the fourth called
session of the 35th legislature after
its organization today. Resolutions
providing for ten mile zones and state
prohibition were Introduced Imme
diate! v after organization was ef
Tut called session convened prompt
ly at 10 oclock this morning, witn
speaker P. O. Puller and Lieut. Gov.
W A- Johnson presiding in the house
and senate resoectlvely.
After the house was ready for busi
ness, speaker Fuller made a, brief ad
dress in wnicn ne saia mat tne pres
ent session is by far the most Impor
tant in the history of the state.
Fnller Urges Patriotic Work.
The ejes of Texas are upon you
and it is up to you to do your duty,"
Mid sneaker Puller. "All political
considerations should be laid aside
and the members must get together
and pass the measures submitted by
the government, and any member who
is not willing to sacrifice his personal
v.ews for the good of the country is
not worthy of the name of man. It is
our purpose to win tne war iirsi ana
-.her. consider other measures later."
Announcement was made by the
speaker of the sudden death -today at
Dallas of representative J. E. Flores,
of that city, as a. result of an auto
In the senate the organization pro
ceeded rapidly, and most all of the
old officers were reelected. Ralph
oape. of Henderson county, was
elected secretary to succeed John D.
HcCall- who became secretary of the
g"vernor Burney Bennett, of Abi
lene, was elected assistant secretary
Declared President Pro-fem-
Sanator E. A. DesjMrdVef Robertson
coufit. was eiecieo. presiaeai pru-icm
of the senate for the current session."
lie had no opposition. He succeeds
senator W. A. Johnson.
There is every Indication now that
the lawmakers will quickly pass the
governor's recommendations and then
make an effort to pass a bill provid
ing for statutory prohibition.
Introduces Zone and Pro. BUI.
Representative Templeton intro
duced a ten mile? military zone bill
and a'.fo a bill providing for statu
tory prohibition in Texas. It appears
to be the pUn to pass both measures
in the House.
Pro Resolutions Referred.
li. both branches of the legislature
todaT. joint resolutions were intro
duced proiding for the ratification
of the national prohibition amend
ment to the federal constitution.
These reolutions were referred to
Mother Hangs Child to'
Clothes Line, Is Charge
Topeka. Kan. Feb. 26. Clothes
lines are made to hang clothes on,
not children, and to do o. is an act
of cruelty, alleges J. A. Mallory, In
his cross-petition answering Vira
Mallory's appeal for a divorce In
the Shawnee county court.
Mallory had four children by his
first wife. He married the present
Mrs. Mallory in May, 1912. A year
later, the cross-petition alleges,
she conceived a violent dislike for
Adabel, J years old.
As a punishment for minor of
fences Mrs. Mallory is alleged to
have pinned the little girl to the
clothes line by fastening a clothes
pin to the child's frock.
the committees on constitutional
There were also Introduced In the
legislature bills covering the various
recommendations of the governor, in
cluding the antl. vice bill, the state
depository law and other measures.
Sends Supplemental Messsge.
The governor sent up to both
branches a supplemental message In
which he reiterated his recommenda
tions for the enactment of laws cre
ating a dry zone around army camps.
He also added that it Is the desire
of president Wilson and the secretary
of war that such regulations be
adopted In Texas.
Suffragists To Mae
Campaign At Special
Austin. Texas, Feb. 26. Woman
suffrage is to be injected into the
special session of the legislature. Mrs.
Minnie Fisher Cunningham, of Gal
veston, president of the Texas Equal
LSqffrage. aseoslation. Is here to direct
tihe campaign. Headquarters have
been opened at one of the local hotels.
The governor has not as yet indicated
whether or not he will submit this
proposition, but the suffragists are
sanguine that thi3 win be done.
TWO LEGISLATORS IN AUTO
ACCIDENT, ONE IS KILLED
Dallas, Tex, Feb. 26. James E.
Flores, representative in the Texas
legislature from Dallas county, was
fatally Injured and C O. Lany, rep
resentative from the 44th district,
was seriously hurt in an automobile
accident near Dallas last night. Mr.
Flores suffered concussion of the
brain and an injury of the spine and
died soon after the accident.
The legislators were on their way
from Hunt county to attend the spe
cial session of the legislature which
SERB! PLANS BUFFER STATES
Chancelor von Hertling Denies Germany Intends to An
nexProvincesof Livonia and Esthonia; Says Self Gov
ernment Will Be Granted Courland and Lithuania;
Germany Defends Peace With the Ukraine.
AMSTERDAM. Holland, Feb. 26.
The central powers intend to
give self government to the
provinces of Couland and Lithuania,
imperial chancelor von Hertling de
clared in his address to the relch
The operations of the central
powers In the east, the chancelor
Maid were being carried out with
the sole elm of securing the fruits
of the peace with Ukraine.
"We do not intend to establish our
selves in Esthonia or Livonia. This
indicates the creation of a series of
buffer states between Germany and
Ths chancelor asserted the central
powers had freed Poland with the
intention of calling an Independent
state into existence. The constitu
tional problem Involved was still be
ing discussed In Its narrower sense,
he said, by three countries Involved.
"Defence of FatherlandV
"Our war alms from the beginning
were defence of the fatherland, main
tenance of oar territorial Integrity
and freedom of our economic devel
opment," said the chancelor. "Our
warfare, even where it must be ag
gressive in action, is defensive in
mm I lay special stress upon that
'u-t now in order that no misunder-
Give Boys Chance
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Many of the world's greatest
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days delivering newspaper routes,
collecting from subscribers, and
securing new subscriptions.
What is your boy doing with his
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buying him an El Paso Herald
r"ute7 If Interested call to see II
H. Fris, circulation manager. El
standings may arise In regard to our
operations in tne east, aneir soie aim
is to secure the fruits of our peace
with the Ukraine."
Turning to other foreign af
fairs, the chancelor said he be
lieved peace could be made on the
basis of the general principles
outlined by president Wilson, but
added that the Imperialists of
other entente conn tries were still
bent on conquest. He said the
tribunal of the world was preju
diced against Germany and he
did not propose to have Germany
Jadged liy that tribnnal.
As for Belgium, chancelor von
Hertling said" there never was any
intention on Germany's part to hold
Belgium permanently and even now,
he said, a proposal from the Belgian
government at Havre would receive
An Answer to Rnnclmnn.
Chancelor von Hertling made ref
erence to a statement by Walter Run
dnaan, former president of the board
of trade. In a speech In the house
of commons on February 13. Mr.
Runclman said that the greatest con
tribution that coma he maae to tne
peace of the world would be that the
representatives oi opinion in tne Dei
llgerent countries draw together and
Concerning Mr. Runciman's state
ment, the chancelor said:
T can only agree with Runclman
if he meant that we should be much
nearer if proper peace if proper re
sponsible representatives of the bel
ligerent powers would meet In con
clave for discussion. That would be
a way to remove all intentional in
dividual questions. I am thinking
especially in tins connection of Bel
ADDRESS MEETSN0 FAVOR
IN OFFICIAL WASHINGTON
"Washington. D. C-. Feb. 26. German
chancelor von Hertllng's speech to
the reichstac was studied today fcy
president wnson and state depart
Officials who read the address
thought it served to - enrohasize a
point recently made by president Wil
son, that while the central cowers ap
peared to accept the general broad
Thousands Of Men Are
Engaged; Hundreds Of
MASSES OF SHELLS
Germans Hold the Front
Rows of Trenches Very
Lightly, French Find.
w .BENCH Grand Headquarters, Feb.
f-4 26. (By The Associated Press)
Trench raids along the French
front have increased in intensity dur
ing the past month to such an extent
that they have become In some In
stances, battles In which thousands of
men have been engaged and hundreds
cf prisoners taken. The artillery Is
throwing unheard of quantities cf
The objects of the raids vary wide
ly. Sometimes a raid Is undertaken
in order to Identify enemy units, and
at. other times to Improve the lines
or capture observation points. Again
a ralfl may be made to destroy the
enemy's works and prevent him from
attacking. This was the case In Sat
urday's raid at Aspach, Alsace,
where the Germans were In strongly
fortified lines which they had held
since December. 1914. The enemy po
sitions were bombarded beyond recog
nition and placed In such condition
as to hinder German operations.
Shells Destroy Enemy Works.
The correspondent watched the
showers of metal tearing away the
wire entanglements, flattening tne
gun emplacements and setting fire to
the enemy's ammunition dumps. The
operation was a complete surprise to
the Germans and most of them retired
to rear positions while French Infan
try completed the work of the gun
r-ers. Only a few prisoners were
taken but most valuable information
regarding the enemy's disposition of
troops was obtained before the
French returned to their own lines.
Germans Keep Far In Rear.
Other successful raids in Lorraine,
the Argonne and northwest of Reims
have demonstrated the nature of the
German defence system. Nearly every
where the enemy front lines are held
lightly and the main bodies of troops
are kept so far in the rear that oc
casionally the French have reached
third and even the fourth line with
slight resistance. This is the reason
for the generally small number of
prisoners but in Lorraine the Germans
were caught napping last week and
the haul of captured was large, being
more than 400.
Many Smaller Raids.
In addition to these big raids there
have been Innumerable smaller ones
which have not been mentioned In the
official statements. These have been
carried out by mere squads who us
ually bring back a number of prison
ers. Raiding, lu fact, has become quite
a modern military art and Is encour
aged by the commanders. It has been
found to maintain the offensive spirit
of the French troops, who seem to
revel In the work because they must
display initiative and at the same
time worry the Germans.
FRENCH ARE PREPARED
FOR WHATEVER DEVELOPS
Ottawa. Ont Feb.. 2G- A rtlmntrV
from French headquarters, dated Feb
ruary 25, to the Reuter"s Limited
agency here, says that as the season
advances and the shadow of the ex
pected German offensive looms larger,
it is comforting to know that the
French are ready In every sector on a
long line to meet the blow herever It
"Artillery and munitions are ready
in quantities." the dispatch says.
"The Germans have never before en
countered such preparation, but an
even surer and stronger defence Is
the unconquerable spirit of the French
altruistic principles for which the en
tente allies and Americans were
contending, when it came to the ar
rangement of details the central pow
ers appeared reluctant to apply those
They regard Hertllng's references
as calculated to create discord be
tween entente allies and continue a
deception of the German people who
apparently peiieve tne military party
is wining to maite peace witnout an
nexations and indemnities.
Von Hertllng's suggestion of a
conference of the belligerents appar
ently meets with no greater favor
than heretofore and officials see not
the slightest hope of a "round table
discussion." in advance of a complete
acceptance py tne central powers or
the broad principles upon which the
entente is willing to consiuer peace
FIND FRENCH SENATOR
HAD $170,000 IN U. S
New York. Feb. 26. It was dis
closed here today that senator Charles
Humbert of France, under arrest on
a charge of treason, had a deposit
or iu,uuu witn j. i- juorgan ana
company, sent to his credit bv Bolo
Pasha, who is under sentence of death
on charge of treason.
The documents in the case are In
the possession of the French govern
ment. Investigators here declare the
$170,000 was German money, a part
oi the great sum paid to nolo py
Germany lor propaganda purposes.
Saved Hat, Lost $200.
Newark. N. J., Feb. 26. Henry
Cohen, a grocer, lost $200 while
saving- his 32 hat. Henry was en
route to the hankwith 595 one
dollar bills clutched in his right
hand. A sudden gust of wind
whisked Cohen's hat from his head.
He forgot himself and reached for
the hat with his right hand, releas
ing the money.
RUSSIANS BEGIN FIGHTING;
RECAPTURE CITY OFPSKO V
FROM THE GERMAN FORCES
LONDON, Eng.. Feb. 26. Pskov,
175 miles southwest of Fetro
grad, has been recaptured by the
Bolshevikl and street fighting Is go
ing on there, according to an Ex
change Telegraph dispatch from
Petrograd. dated Monday. The Red
Guards are resisting the German ad
The capture of Pskov by the Ger
mans was ' announced In the official
statement Issued last night at Berlin.
Reval, the naval base, also was oc
cupied by the Germans.
Signing of a Rnsso-German
peace will not be the final solu
tion of the German problem on
her eastern frontier, and the flnnl
settlement will come when the
peoples of Conrland. Esthonia. Li
vonia and Poland take matters
Into their own hands, according
to M. Kameneff. one of the Bol
shevik delegates to the Brest
LltoTsk negotiations. In an inter
view In the Dally News.
Kameneff has arrived In London,
after a three weeks' Journey from
Petrograd. He Is on his way to Paris
as Bolshevik plenipotentiary to
Mast Rally to Defence.
With the handing over of the land
and factories to the peasants and
workers, M. Kameneff said, they had
begun to realize, as they could not
under the old regime, that a German
Invasion of Russia would injure their
vital interests. Consequently, the con
sciousness of the necessity of defend,
lng the country was growing among
M. Kameneff said he was con
vinced the Germans would be un
able to Import food from the
Ukraine because the people there
would prevent the radn from ful
filling the promise glren Ger
many. The rada invocation of
German aid had raised bitter ha
BERLIN, Germany, Feb. 26. Gen.
von Linsingen's forces, operat
ing in Yolhynla, hare captured
the town of Eolenkowitz, after a bat
tle, the German general staf" an
tred among the Ukrnnlan work
ers and peasants who recognise
only the authority of the work
men's and soldiers councils.
.That was the reason, he declared,
that the rada had to flee from the
Ukraine to the protection of German
Plot to Restore Monnrchy.
German occupation of Petrograd. M.
Kameneff added, would not be
enough to restore the monarch. Any
attempt at restoration would entail
fighting in every town and village,
for the peasants and workers were
well aware that a restoration would
Involve the loss of their land and po
Denver Man Is
Shot By State
Refuses To Halt Speeding
Car; Police Looking
Cheyenne, Wyo.. Feb. 26. Ray
mond S. Harrington, of Denver, said
to be one of the proprietors of the
Twin Auto Livery company, died early
today from wounds received last night
when he was shot by Colorado state
constabulary on the Greeley-Cheyenne
road. 18 miles south of Cheyenne,
while driving a motor car. According
to officer, Harrington declined tj
stop his car when ordered.
Several Others In Car.
A man said to be B. Judd, a me
chanic of Denver; C J. Kinsley, of
Cheyenne and a woman from Denver,
are said to have been In the motor
car at the time. A bullet passed
through Kinsley's hat None of the
other members of the party was in
The state constabulary is said to
have had orders to halt any motor car
coming from Wyoming into uoioraao.
because of the recent prevalence of
liquor carrying. The coroner here de
clared no liquor was found In Har
First victim ot campaign.
Denver. Colo.. Feb. 26. Ray Har
rington, of Denver, who died in Chey
enne, Wyo, early today after being
shot bv the Colorado state constabul
ary when he failed to halt his auto
mobile, is tne iirsi victim oi tno con
stabulary's war on Bootleggers.
CoL Frank Adams, head of the con
stabulary, received the report of the
shooting this morning ana ne lmmea
lately sent men from here to Investi
gate. CoL Adams says Harrington was
suspected as a bootlegger.
War on bootleggers who trarac be
tween Wyoming and Colorado towns
and cities was becrun several days ago
by the constabulary. Members armed
with high powered rifles were sent to
patrol the roads leading into tne
state from Wyoming. They were
ordered to halt all automobiles and
search them for liquor.
lie Failed To Halt.
According to the report made to
CoL Adams. Harrington was driving
a cat in which were two other men
and a) woman and was called upon by
one state officer to halt at a point
JAPAN PLANS TO
Arrangements Well Under
Way in Response to
Harbin, Manchuria, Feb. 26. (By
The Associated Press.) Reliable in
formation has been obtained here that
the Japanese intend to take early ac
tion 1n Siberia. There are evidences
that this move has been in prepara
tion a long time. The Cossack Gen.
Semenoff. alive to a dangerous situ
ation in Siberia, has appealed to
Japan for support Against the Bolshe
vik! and the Germans.
German war prisoners are organ
izing in Siberia and 2000 are reported
drilling at Irkutsk.
Gen. Semenoffs movement now is
officially recognized, and a general
committee has been formed at Harbin,
which will act as a general staff, di
vided Into three departments, finan
cial, military and administrative. The
Russian consul. M. Pop off. has been
appointed chairman of the committee.
The purpose is for Japanese to co
operate 'with the Cossacks In resisting
the Bolshevikl and the Germans.
When action will be undertaken has'
not been divulged.
AMERICAN COLONY WILL
. LEAVE MOSCOW FOR EAST
Washington. D. C Feb. 26. Ar
rangements have been made to move
the Americans in Moscow to Samara,
500 miles to the east. No immediate
occupation' of Moscow by German
troops is reported, but it was thought
advisable to move the Americans.
The consul general at Moscow, re
porting these arrangements to the
state department today, added that
all Americans 'there are welL
The department also received a dis
patch of February 23, saying the Ru
manian premier was preparing to go
to Bucharest to meet German foreign
minister von Kuehlmann and count
Czernln, the Austrian foreign minis
ter, presumably to resume peace negotiations.
seven miles northeast of Carr. Colo.
Instead of doing eo, it Is charged Har
rington speeded his machine to 45
miles an hour.
Says Closing Order Was To
From Own Dilemma.
Washington, D. C Feb. 26. Re
sponsibility for the coal shortage was
placed squarely on1 the fuel adminis
tration by senator Reed, of Missouri,
today In a "statement of facta," sub
mitted to the senate subcommittee on
manufactures as a basis for a report
of its recent Investigation of the fuel
"The chaos now existing In the coal
business," the statement said, "must
give place to stability or we will. In
the near future, be confronted by a
coal shortage of the most disastrous
For this reason, senator Reed said,
there should be an Immediate an
nouncement of prices and contracts
which will be allowed to replace pres
ent coal contracts, practically all of
which terminate April I.
The statement also advocated the
announcement of a fixed time in
which the business world may safely
adjust itself to the new contracts.
Senator Reed declared the recent
fuel order closing Industries east of
the Mississippi was issued by the fuel
administration "without warrant or
authority of law," in order to "ex
tricate Itself from Its self created di
lemma." Ko Excuse For TIeup.
The senator made it plain there
was no excuse for such a condition to
exist, for the government on August
10 took over the control of coal with
authority to commandeer mines and
ample powers to meet any emergency.
The trans-Atlantic shipping tie-up. as
far as was due to lack of bunker
coaL also was blamed on the fuel ad
ministration by the Missouri senator.
To add to the confusion, the state
ment said, the prices fixed by the
Lane committee were "swept aside by
the fuel administration." and this
mistake was finally discovered and
admitted by Dr. Garfield. Senator
Reed also showed how the multiplicity
of priority orders resulted in tleing
up thousands of freight cars and in
creasing embargoes in many of the
great terminal yards of the country."
ZE SHIP, SEIZED
i ON THE ROCKS
COMMANDER INTERNED BY DANES
BIT THE GREtfflSES Tl LEAKE
Prisoners on Former Spanish Steamer Igotzmendi Are,
From Six Ships Sunk by Sea Eaider Wolf; Two '
Americans Are Allowed to Be Taken Off in
Boats With Women and Children. '
y-ji)PliNtiAUBX, DenmarK, t ea. zs. j
I The Spanish steamship Igotz
mendt, with a German prize crew
from the Pacific ocean on board. Is
ashore near the Skaw lighthouse. Two
of the prisoners are Americans.
The yrisoners on the Igotzmendi
were taken from six ships which had
been sunk. Several of the prisoners
had been aboard the vessel for eight
months while she cruised In the Pa
Twenty two persons, including nine
women, two children and two Ameri
cans, have been landed by a life boat
from the Skaw.
The Danish authorities' have In
terned the German commander of the
IgotzmendL The German prize crew
refused to leave the ship.
There had been an epidemic of
berl-beri and scurvy on board the
The Ignotzmendl was one of the ships
captured at sea by the German sea
raider Wolf which has just returned
to the port of Pola, Austria, after an
extensive career of depredations in
the Atlantic. Pacific and Indian
Knlner Praises Crew.
Berlin. Germany. Feb. 26. The
emperor has telegraphed congratu
lations to the commander of the
Wolf and has conferred upon Urn ths
order Pour le Merite. Iron crosses
have been conferred upon a number
of other officers and members of the
II Ships Overpowered-
London. Eng, Feb. 26. A British
admiralty communication assumes
that the Wolf sank In the Indian and
Pacific oceans the following 11 ships
and made their crews prisoner!
Steamers: JummaTurrltella. Wards
worth Wairuna, Beluga. Matunga.
Hitachi Mara and IgotzmendL (It
transpires the Ignotzmandi was not
Sailing vessels: Dee. Wluslow and
Turritella Is Sunk.
"The Turritella. was an. unarmed
merchantman. She was captured in.
February. 1S17, and a German prize
crew placed aboard. The Turrietlla,
was then equipped for mine laying
but a few days later was encountered,
by a British warship, whereupon the
prize crew sank the Turritella.
According to the British admiralty
statement, three American vessels
were sunk by the auxiliary cruiser
Wolf the steam whaler Belusa, SOS
tons, belonging to the Pacific Steam.
Whaling company of San Francisco;
the Winslow. a four masted schooner
of 566 tons, hailing from San Fran
cisco, and the four masted schooner
Encore, 651 tons, the home port ot
which was San Francisco.
Berlin Is Quiet As A Tomb;
Hotels Turnedln toHospitals;
Wounded Kept Off Streets
ZURICH. Switzerland, Feb. 26.
The first impression of a visitor
to Berlin is that the German
people as a whole are under arms.
I reached the city near midnight.
and Its deadly silence impressed me
as uncanny. Without exception I did
not see one motor vehicle with rubber
tires. It is true occasionally a once
sumptuous car dashes through the
streets, but without one exception
these are high military or official
staff cars, labelled with the Insignia
or coat of arms of the dignitary whom
they carry. As substitutes for rub
ber tires. GERMANY IS NOW UTI
LIZING HIGHLY COMPRESSED PA
PER TIRES, which are very hard
and make nearly as much noise
as the wooden tires which are com
monly used in all parts of Germany.
it is lmpossioie to oDtain ruDoers or
rubber boots at any price and even
shoes and clothing are now on ration.
Derllners Dress Shabbily.
The general appearance of the peo
ple on the streets much dishearten
every German. I have seen well to do
people wearing patched clothes. This,
added to the sallow complexion of
the people, their lifeless movements,
and the extreme dirtiness of the onco
beautiful streets and avenues, over
whelms the visitor.
On arriving at the station I began
to understand what my friends at
Munich had told me about north Ger
many's greater privation. I had
brought with me only light luggage
which I myself was able to carry.
With the exception of a few old men
who were being employed in trans
ferring light baggage from one train
to another, no porter could be ob
tained. On putting my feet on the station
platform, I again came face to face
with the high-strung German men
tality. Rudeness and coarseness had
become natural with every German.
The inspector, whose duty it was to
WRITTEN BY IGNATIUS KINAST,
(A German Socialist who nmt re
turned to Zurich after a six months'
travel throughout Germany. Sixth
examine my papers on arriving at
Berlin station, was insanely angry
because I had failed to know that he
was about the premises. The truth
Is that I had looked about, and. not
seeing any one who would question
me. had started towards the outer
doors. Suddenly I felt someone grab
me roughly by the arm. and the at
tempt on my part to come to sudden
stop nearly knocked me to the
Inspector Very Rough.
On coming to my senses, I found
myself face to face with an Inspector
in a uniform so dilapidated that It
looked very disreputable. Besides
his rude physical act. his manner of
speech was so unclean that I would
not dare to even give a resume of
how he addressed me.
I produced from my pocket a batch
of sealed letters addressed to high
"Death Grab" and "Over
The Top" Latest Dances
Springfield. nL. Feb. 26. The
"Death Grab" and "Over the. Top"
And they had their origination
at the high schooL But are they
going to stay? It all depends on
the weight of protests from
Springfield's moral squad in the
form ot a ministerial delegation
and doting mothers launched at the
The students declare the dances
are "physical culture" exercises,
while the parsons view them with
suspicious eyes of concern, which
they say, it permitted to continue,
will- submarine the perfect morals
of the youths.
civil and military officers in Berlin.
My rude friend carefully examined the
names on these letters and seemed
Impressed with them. As If by magic
he became humble and was even kind
enough to direct me to a comfortable
On reaching the outside of the sta
tion I further realized to what ex
tent Berlin had felt the pinch of war.
Berlin Feels Pinch of War.
There were only two horse vehicles
standing in front of the station;
whose drivers, old. men. had the ap
pearance of men who did not care
whether or not they secured patrons.
In pre-war days that time of the
night would have seen the Berlin
railroad station district gay and
filled with people, the street in front
of the station lined with carriages,
and motor cars, their drivers shouting
and moving about energetically to
I approached one of these two lone
drivers, and asked him how much he
would charge to take me two miles
distant He demanded 10 marks
(present value of a mark Is 16 cents
in American money.) I decided not
to pay that exhorbitant price. As I
started to walk to my destination I
noticed that the animals hitched to
the old and disreputable looking car
riage appeared as lean as the driver
sitting behind. They looked like
badly carved wooden horses and I
had troable to persuade myself that
there was life in them.
Hotels as Hospitals.
The Central hoteL which I entered,
was still more desolate than the ap
pearance of the city itself. Certain
circumstances compelled me to make
frequent changes and during my stay
In Berlin I stopped in 14 different
hotel Without even one single ex
ception, I learned that the persons or
syndicates who controlled these hotels
had been ruined financially. The top
stories above the third of twelve out
of the li hotels at which I stopped,
had been commandeered by the mlll
(Contlnoed on rage 4. CoL 1)
Whole Battalion Volunteers
Americans AreHard To Hold
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY
IN FRANCE. Feb. 26 (By The'
Associated Press.) Details
of the Franco-American raid In the
Chemln-Des-Dames Saturday show
that 26 picked American soldiers par
ticipated, after every member of
their battalion had volunteered.
The Americans moved forward
eagerly to the attack behind a
barrage fire, the first time this
has been done by our troops.
Some of the Americans made cap
tares and others chased Prussian
troops throngh the trenches as
far as 750 meters, skiing beyond
the objectives sought.
The raid ha,d been planned care
fully and rehearssal was held the day
before. The barrage fire began at
a:3u ociock in tne morning ana con
tinued until 6:35. guns ot all calibers
Americans a Little Too Fast.
The Americans among the 100 In
the attacking party were surprised at
the precision with which the French
shells fell and went a little faster
than they should have and were with
in 30 yard9 of the dropping shells
when they reached the enemy lines.
Relief had just been completed In
the German trenches and officers were
making the rounds. The Germans
took shelter In a dugout roofed with
rails and sandbags. A French shell
made a direct hit and the enemy scat
tered about the trench. At the same
moment the -merlcaa and French
There was some haud to hand
fighting? hot the entire enemy
party at this point was captured.
The raiders chased the enemy out
of other shelters and olonxr com
municating trenches Without
cateblnj- any. There mi some
criticism of the fact that the
Americans were so enthusiastic
that they went beyond the ob
jectives. The raiders and prisoners started
back across no man's land on sched
ule time, but were caught In a Ger
man counter barrage. One enemy
shell wounded five Germans and six
Frenchmen, but no Americans. The
prisoners were from 15 to 0 Tears
Prisoners Too Glib.
All were apparently under nourt
ished, bu said that food was plenti
ful in the trenches. The similarity
of their stories, however, aroused
suspicions. Most of the prisoners for
merly worked In factories or on farms.
Artillery Dnel Increases
The artillery duel in the American
sector north-northwest of Toul grows
more Intense dally. The Germans' late
yesterday evening began to bombard
(Continned on iiaire 5, column 5.)
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