Search America's historic newspapers pages from - or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities external link and the Library of Congress. Learn more
title: 'El Paso herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, October 26, 1918, HOME EDITION, Image 1',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: University of North Texas; Denton, TX
All ways to connect
Inspector General |
External Link Disclaimer |
El Paso and West Texas, fair and colder; fair, freei
ing tonight; Arizona, fair and warmer. (Food forecaxt
tor Snnday One wheatless raeal).
Mexican back notes, state bills, 918c; pesos, 78c;
Mexican gold, 5858!c; naoonales, 17?n18I4c; bar
diver, H.&H. quotation, S1.01H; copper, $26; grains,
lower; livestock, higher; stocks, higher.
m "a m ivies
24 PAGES. 3 SECTIONS. TODAY
EL PASO, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING. OCTOBER 26. 1918.
LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
SINGLE COPT FIVE CENTS
DELIVERED ANYWHERE. -c MONTH
AQpC! TURK PEACE PLEA OFFERS SURRENDER; C
r'3 jr v-v-i rrv m a r rs rc-j rTi irr?. ca. Am . auh
APPROVEDY I C. C
Interstate Commerce Commission Gives Sanction to
Suggested New and Higher Bates; Body Proposes
Change of Contract With Railroad Administration
To Give Express Companies More of the Revenue.
WASHINGTON. D. C. Oct. 26. The interstate commerce commission
approved today the proposed
a change of contract with the railroad administration to give the express
companies more of the transportation charges.
G. O .P. Minority Cast More
Votes Than Democrats For
Seven War Bills, Say Leaders
TTTIIII(7TOX, DeL, Oct 26. Will
W H. Hays, Republican national
chairman, characterized president
"W ilson s appeal for the return of
democratic majorities In congress as
the "climax of many acta of the
president, designed to keep politics In
the -war. despite his -widely heralded
declared intent to keep Jt out."
Republicans Make Reply.
"Washington, B. C. Oct. 26. Re
publican leaders in congress last night
Issued the following statement regard
teg president Wilson's appeal to the
na ion to return a Democratic con
gress STne time ago, the president said
'Po'itics adjourned Now. tn the
!mi'dc davs of the campaign delayed
tr. che united efforts of all parties for
the Liberty loan now, when all pub
meetings have been given up pw
'ng to the influenza epidemic, The
president sends out a direct party ap
peal, calling upon his countrymen to
ute for Democrats because they are
r morrats. without any reference to
whether such Democrats have been
or are in favor of war measures and
have a war record, which deserves
Refer to Henry Ford.
"The voters of Michigan, to take a
single example, are called upon to,
support Henry Ford notorious for his
advocacy of peace at any price; fori
Ms contemptuous allusions to the flag;
for ihe exemption of his son from.
b i.tary service on the sole ground
That b will blindly support the presl-
cent The president is quite ready tO:
-emit that Republicans are loyal j
e-ugh to fisht and die, as they are
citing bv the thousands; loyal enough
o use up great ioaus anu cuui -
-ins ta3.es. loyal enough to furnish
ir7ortant men at no salary on some
pf the great war boards In Washing
ton .But tney are not ioyai enouga,
in the president's opinion, to be trust
ed w:tb any share in the government
nf the country r legislation for it.
"nil at G. O. r. Would Do.
If te Republican party controls
the f-ouse we can point out some of
he tU.pgs they will do. They will re
place Mr T'pnt of Alabama, at the
bead of the military affairs committee
w i.b Julius Kahn. to whom the ad
m lustration was obliged to turn for
ass-Ftacce to take charge of and carry
the f -rst draft bill against Mr. Dent's
opposition They will put a Republi
can at the head of the ways and means
comnutTee as leader of the bouse. In
stead ft Mr Kitchia. of North Caro
lina. whi vuted against the war. They
w 11 e the country a speaker, who
dd not oppose and would never op
pose a c!raft bill and would never say.
as speaker Clark did. that there Is
previous r.ttle difference between a
conscript end a convict.'
"Although the Republicans of
the boose are In the minority,
they east more ectual votes on
even great vrar measures than
the Democratic majority vras able
vhr is the record of the senate?
On 51 roll calls on war measures be
tween April 6. 1917. and the 29th of
Vav 191S, the votes cast by Repub
l - rar m favor of such measures were
T2 pc- -ent while only 67 percent of
the vrtes cast on the Democratic side
were :n favor of such measures. Those
wt-re the president's own measures.
Does that record look as if we had
bampered biro? The Republican party
n ongress has supported the admin
istration policies since the war with
unanimity and an absence of criticism
uijpreeedented in party history.
Woutd Alter Domestic Policies.
"There are some domestic questions
A BIG DRAINAGE TASK IN
EL PASO VALLEY UNDER WAY
T1THAT the reclamation service is doing in the npper and lower valleys in
VV the way of draining farm lands is set forth in pictures today in The
Herald on page 15. These pictures show all the excavators now at work in
the valley and give the reader an adequate idea of the immensity of the
work now in progress.
People once in awhile see one of these excavators belching smoke and
digging np dirt as they drive throngh the valley, bnt few have any ade
quate idea of the total number in operation and the big amount of work
they are doing.
The page of pictures printed today was prepared, with the cooperation
of the reclamation service officials, to show what is now actually being
done to drain the water from the lands and restore them to their original
This drainage problem was necessitated by flooding the lands by a too
generous use of irrigation water.
Herald Helps To Put Over
Liberty Loan; Is Thanked
Dallas, Texas, Oct. 24.
Editor El Paso Herald:
1 The best thanks which I can offer you for your part in the liberty
loan ampaign is to teU you that nnoffieial returns show tre are likely to
rearb our quota.
I am sure vou will regard this as a sufficient reward for all your splen-i-d
effort. I appreciate more than I cay say eTtry thing that you have done.
Very sincerely yours.
J. W. Hoapes, Executive Manager.
ls This The Proper Time,
increases in express rates. It suggests
where we should undoubtedly differ
minlstration. We should not. for ex
ample, fix a price on the farmers
wheat and leave the planters cotton
untouched. Another domestic question,
in which the Republican party be
lieves thoroughly, is economic prepara
tion for the coming of peace, and
they are clearly of the opinion that
the congress of the United States
should not be excluded from that
This Is not the president's personal
war. This Is not the war of congress.
It Is not the war of the Democratic
or the Republican party. It is the
war of the American people. It Is
more. It is the war of the United
States, of the allied powers, of the
civilized world against the barbarism
of Germany. In this great burden and
responsibility, the Republican party,
representing more than half the citi
zenship of the country, demands Us
"If the Republican party U en
trnBted 'nlth power In either or
both houses, they Trill do every
thing; possible to drive forward
the war and hasten the day of
"The president speaks of the neces
sity of telling the plain truth. That
the Republican party, in control of
congress, would do, for they have no
friends to shield. And they will do
more. They will give all the money,
to the last dollar, necessary to bus-,
tain our armies ond our fleets, but,
they will check the waste now going1
on of the money given by the most,
generous people on the face of the
Will Tfat Depress Allien.
The president speaks of the effect
of the election abroad. He says there
they understand the meaning of elec-;
tlons. They do. and they will know
(that if the Republicans have a ma
jority in congress, the war will De
pressed with greater vigor than ever
before. They are quite aware that
the power of the senate Is equal to
that of the president in the consum
mation of peace by treaty. They will
know that the Republican party
stands for a victorious peace and the
overthrow of Prussian militarism.
That knowledge will not depress the
spirit of our allies, or encourage the
government of Germany.
Oppose Negotiated Peace.
The Republican party believes that
the question of surrender should be
left to marshal Foch, to the generals
and to the armies in the field. When
they report Germany has laid down
her arms, the United States and the
allies should then Impose their terms.
Will that knowledge cause dejection
to those who are fighting with us?
All the world knows that the Repub
lican party is opposed to negotiations
and discussion carried on in diplo
matic notes addressed to the German
government The Republican party
stands for unconditional surrender.
There Is no Republican creed so short
that there is not room In it for those
"Henry Cabot Lodge.
"Chairman Republican Senatorial Com
mittee. -Frederick S. Gillette,
"Simeon D. Fess.
"Chairman Republican Congressional
Comment by Roosevelt.
Oyster Bay, K. Y Oct. 25. Com
menting on president Wilson's appeal
to the people to return a Democratic
congress in the November elections,
if they approve of his course, Cok
Theodore Roosevelt said:
The president's statement Is an an-
Continued on page 18, column 1)
Winlry Weather Prevails ln
I.anSaS and Nebraska'
- 1 '
lowa Reports onow. i
LINES ARE VOWN
Severest Trouble Centers
East Of Dodge City;
Cold Rains Falling.
DENVER, Colo, Oct. 16. Heavy
sleet storms between Omaha and
bcorth Platte. Jfeb, and between Kan
sas City and Garden City. Kans to
day seriously hampered telecraph and
telephone communication from Denver
to points east.
At the office of the American
Trtephone and Telegraph company
here. It was Mid between four and
fire miles of polea were down In
The most severe trouble in Kansas
centered about 0 miles east of Bodge
One one telephone wire, and that
one operated by the government, was
working east of Denver. It was said.
The Western Union wires generally
were in .better condition.
Ijow Temperature Prevail.
Reports to the local weather bu
reau showed a cold rain prevailing in
Kansas and Omaha, with a precipi
tation at the latter point amounting
to one inch in the last 14 hours. Snow
was reported at Sioux City, la, while
generally lower temperatures pre
vailed In Kansas and Nebraska.
At the telephone companys offices,
it was said linemen were making
rapid progress and it was hoped to re
store some of the circuits by noon.
Flood. In Sooth Carollnn.
Greensburg. S. C Oct. IS. Flood
waters, resulting from almost unpre
cedented rainfall In the last 14 hours,
and which have partially inundated
this city and section, caused heavy
property damage. Ko loss of life has
Treaties Washed Away.
Ashevllle. N. C Oct 2S. French
Broad river Is out at its banks in this
section, as the result of a heavy rain
fall in tne last -t nours. unree tres
tles on the Toxaway railroad have
been washed away and other damage
Snow Storm In Xebraska.
Omaha, Neb., Oct. 26. A severe rain,
snow and sleet storm began In this
vicinity early last evening Gothen
berg reports 11 Inches of heavy snow
and North Platte and Grand Island
announce temperatures of 31 degrees
Two Inches of Snow Falls.
Pipestone, Minn, Oct. 16. The first
snowfall of the season was recorded
here Friday. Nearly two inches fell.
BRITISH JTAVT GROWS.
London. Eng, Oct. 16. Figures
made public on the growth of the
British navy dnrlng the war show
the fleet, including auxiliaries, in
creased from 1,500,000 tons displace
ment to 6,500,000 tons, and the per
sonnel from 146.000 to 406,000.
Black Silk "Undies"
London. Enff Oct. 26. Persons
In a. position to know declare that
the wearing- of black silk nndles
and pajamas is becominf? fashion
able among the women of England.
It Is possible to report also that
black silk pajamas for men may
be had for the trifling: sum of three
guineas, which Is as near to $15
is an amateur In figuring foreign
exchange can estimate.
LONDON. Ens.. Oct. 46. Two Ameri
can victories In September, won by
splendid cooperation between all arms
and by first class start work. Elve the
laugh to every military expert In
Europe. However trlendlr. the ex
perts were all dubious.
Two days before the attack at
St. Mthlel, a fnmons British, neu
tral, well known to the American
people, told me In dlscasslne the
Imminent altacfc, "Of coarse you
will get n bad knock. It Is yoar
first attack on yoar own. lint
yoa will learn, and next time
you'll do better, nnd we all know
what stuff yonr men are made of
and that they will finish the
Boche off In the end.1
A week later I met that general. He
was all smiles. The week before the
offensive he had visited the Ameri
can front, and had talked with Per
shing, and this time I came back at
him thus: "There was one thing Gen.
Pershing forgot to tell yon, general,
that he told me last February when
we were talking about American at
tacks. " ne said: 'In this war there
font KOlns to be any Bull nun.
The British general chortled with
appreciation and shook hands.
American soldiers were nobly vin
dicated in three things In that glo
rious September. First, their staff
work, contrary to all opinion, has been
excellent; they assimilated the French
and British training, the best points
of each, with a dash of original Amer-
U. S. Victories Justify American Strategy
Give The Laugh To Every Military Expert
DLF SAYS GERMANY WILL GARRY
OUT WILSON'S PROGRAIlfl IN FULL
Anti-German Leaders at Vienna Go to Switzerland on
Secret Mission; Huns Agree to "Eegulation" of Alsace-Lorraine
Question; Turkey's Proposal, Deliv-
ered to Allied Envoys, Offers 'Virtual Surrender.'
I ONDOU, Eng., Oct IS. The Turkish!
Li minuter to Sn-lfieriand has handed!
to the British and French ministers i
to that country an offer of peace,
virtually amounting to surrender, ac
cording to a Berne dispatch to the
Question of Alsac-IomiIne.
Amsterdam, Holland, Oct. 2S. Dr.
Solf, the German foreign secretary,
speaking In the reichstag Thursday
"Am for Aliace-Lorrnlnr, It la
clear that bi they ttci-c expressly
"Peace At Any
Price " Popular
In Austria Now
Dual Monarchy Expected
To Capitulate and Beg
Mercy Of Allies.
Paris, France, Oct. 2$. In well In
formed circles. It Is stated that the
nomination of count Julius Andrassy
as successor to baron Burian, the
Austrian foreign minister. Is above
all Important from the viewpoint of
a conclusion of peace and an appli
cation for the "safety first princi
ple In Austria.
Xew Minister Peace Partisan.
It Is said that peace at any price Is
now popular at Vienna and Buda
pest. Tne Zurich Journal says that
the new foreign minister s under
stood to be a partisan of direct peaee
negotiations with the entente, with
out recourse- to the offices of presi
dent "Wilson. He says that the sit
uation in Austria-Hungary is such,:
that the monarchy 'will soon capita-
late and throw Itself on the mercy
of the allies. j
Cseena Masters at Prague.
The Czechs are now masters of the
situation at Prague. It Is said. The
Slovaks have decided to change the
name of Pressbursr to "Wilsonvllle.
The Huthenlans, of Galicla, have de-
clared for a eeparate Ukrainian state,
WORLD CAN MAKE NO LEAGUE
WITH OUTLAWS OF PRUSSIA
WHEN tie American people speak for unconditional sur
render, it means that Germany mnst accept whatever
terms the United States and its allies think necessary in
order to right the dreadful wrongs that have been com
mitted and to safeguard the world for at least a generation
to come from another attempt by Germany to secure world
Unconditional surrender is the reverse of a negotiated
peace. The interchange of notes, which has been going on
between our government and the governments of Germany
and Austria during the last three weeks, means, of course,
if persisted in, a negotiated peace. It is the abandonment
of force and the substitution of negotiations. This fact
should be stated clearly and truthfully, by our leaders, so
that the American people may decide with their eyes open
which course they will follow.
Those of us who believe in unconditional surrender re
gard Germany's behavior during the last five years as hav
ing made her the outlaw among nations. In private life,
sensible men and women do not negotiate with an outlaw
or grow sentimental about him or ask for a peace with
him on terms of equality if he will give up his booty. Still
less do they propose to make a league with him for the
American Troops Fight Better On Their Own Responsibility And The Brigading
System Has Been Discarded As A Failure; No Hope For The Huns
By JOHN LLOYD BALDERSTON.
I can Ism added, at
BrlfradlDK Syatem Discarded.
Second, our wisdom In promptly dis
carding the brigading system, adopted
with such a flourish of trumpets in
March, has also been more than Justi
fied by the event. The chiefs of our
army soon discovered that except for
the purpose of the sudden emergency,
which soon passed, the brigading sys
tem was a mistake. American sol
diers fight best tinder their own of
ficers, not only minor officers but
divisional and corps staffs. It did not
take long to find this out, but to act
on the discovery was not easy, and
the men who did knew they were
risking their careers if the first at
tacks of the American first army
And third, the wisdom of our great
generalissimo, marshal Foch when he
sent tbe bulk of the United States
army to a new sector has been vindi
cated. History will show that Gen.
Pershing, and the general staff of our
own forces were very anxious that
this should be done, as against a
strong school which favored contin
uing the offensive methods of past
Weight Behind the Punta.
Tohse who opposed the widening of
the active front by the use of Persh
ing's forces in formerly quiet sectors
Mr. President, To
mmtalnnl imoic prmldmt 1VI1-
"ob' 14 pnlnU. we Brre o
Nations of these questions. HaTlnjr
accepted AVIlaon's program as a
basts for peace, we will loyally
fulfill (he program In all direc
tions and at all points.
Austrlans on Secret Mission.
Zurich. Switzerland, Oct. 2$. Prince
Frederick Lobkowitz and baron ad
herny, who represent the strongest
anti-German tendencies at Vienna,
hare left that city for Switzerland
charged with a mission about which
no details are given, according to the
Kens to Journal of "Vienna.
Serbs Fight With
Or Without Food;
Foe Flight Costly
Servians, Advancing North
Of Nish, Are Within 80
Miles Of Belgrade.
With the Allied Armies on the Ser
vian Front, via SalonikI, Oct. 26 thy
The Associated Press). The Servians,
supported by French cavalry, north
of Nish, are continuing to advance,
with Belgrade 80 miles distant. The
food problem with any army but the
Servian would be difficult The Ser
vians advances whether they are fed
or not. The Servians are being aided
by guerilla bands, who hid In the
mountains early In the war and now
aro making their way down from the
heights to cut off portions of the
enemy, straggling In the rear.
It is evidently the desire of the
Austro-Germans to evacuate Serbia
as quicklv and as cbeaply.as pos
Blble. "But their retreat la being made
costly by the Servians.
comprising regions of Austria-Hungary
inhabited by Buthenians. It is
reported that anarchy reigns in the
ancient Danubian monarchy of Hun
gary. The correspondent says that
In Austria no notice is being taken
of decisions arrived at by Berlin.
BY THEODORE ROOSEVELT.
fnture and on the
said. 'What is needed is weight be
hind the push. Americans will fur
nish the weight: all we have to do is
to hammer away in the old places and
with your men behind us we'll get
Against this old conception the
elastic vision of Foch carried the day.
and now blow after blow follows at
intervals of a few days over hundreds
of miles of front, and the bewildered
enemy, rushing his reserves hither
and thither. Is finding increasing dif
ficulty in preventing that "breeak
through" which he always says he has
foiled. Of this scheme of Foch. so
different from ansthing that his gone
before, the American high command
has from the start been an enthusias
tic supporter. And It is only fair to
add that those others who were once
disposed to doubt are now climbing on
the band wagon and cheering loudly.
One reason why the decision
was taken to widen the field of
operations, soon after tbe appoint
ment of Gcju Foch put Into effect
the principle of unity of com
mand, the desire to set the
maximum result fronf the new
American armies which were then
commencing to poor into France,
by using them In a theater of war
which haft hitherto seen scarcely
It is true the trench lines from
NEUTRALS GO TO
Ascertain What Can Be
Done For Relief Of ihe
Exposure Kills Aged and.
Babies; Solf Claims the
Huns Give Relief.
npHE HAGUE, Netherlands. Oct. IS.
j. it is sexmoixiciaiiy expiainea in
dispatches, from Berlin that nentral
residents of Brussels, who have gone
to the front to Investigate conditions
there, have not been formed into a
committee of inquiry. It is said their
visit to cities near the battle line was
made for the purpose of ascertaining:
what conld be done for the refugees.
They have communicated their report
to the German authorities In Belgium
and to the Belgian, French and Brit
Refugees Enter Holland.
Amsterdam, Holland, Oct. JS.
Weather beaten refugees, mostly from
the north of France, are trickling Into
the Butch provinces of Brabant and
umourg. some :w are now ac
commodated In towns In these prov
lnees. About five percent are ill from
fatigue or Influenza and are being
cared for In hospitals and convents.
Distressing stories are told
abont the old people and babies
itho died from exposure on the
way nnd were bnrlrd where they
net their end. Farther westward
n. exodns has Tet taken place.
In view of the German denials of
claims of looting by the, retreating
troops. It Is slgniXicant ' .that ' Dutch
correspondents at halt a dozen dif
ferent points on the frontier tell the
same story ODtainea rrom rerugees.
Sai-s Germans Gtre Relief.'
Speaking In the reichstag on Thnrs'
day. Dr. Solf. German foreign rain'
Ister. said that S Danish minister Vil
lalobar. representing British and Bel-
(Contlnned on page 2. column 3.)
strength of this league to abolish the
sheriff and the constable. On the contrary, they expect
the law officers to take him by force and to have him
tried and punished. They do not punish him out of re
venge, but because all intelligent persons know punishment
to be necessary in order to stop certain kinds of criminals
from wrongdoing and to save the community from such
We ought to treat Germany in precisely this manner. It
is a sad and dreadful thing to have to face some months
or a year or so of additional bloodshed, bnt it is a much
worse thing to quit now and have the children now grow
ing up obliged to do the job all over again with ten times
as much bloodshed and suffering when their turn comes.
The surest way to secure a peace as lasting as that
which followed the downfall of Napoleon is to overthrow
the Prussianized Germany of the Hohenzollems, as Napo
leon was overthrown.
If we enter into a league of peace with Germany and
her vassal allies, we must expect them to treat the ar
rangement as a scrap of paper whenever it becomes to
their interest to do so. (Copyright, 1918, Kansas City
Switzerland to the St Mlhlel salient
existed, and were garrisoned, but dur
ing the past four years there were not
more than eight or ten divisions on
either side holding this stretch of
front of 150 miles, and those divisions
were mostly of poor quality, or sent
down Into what was called the "rest
camp sector" for repose before pro
ceeding northwards Into the battle
Forced Movement of Enemy.
By concentrating against the Alsace-Lorraine
front tbe bulk of the
new United States army, Foch com
pelled his opponents to take many of
their divisions from Flanders and the
Artois before the British, and from
Champagne before the French, and
mass them to meet the new danger.
Therefore, if the American attack
were not delivered this year at all, the
concentration of Americans in the
south would have helped enormously
the attacks of the British and French
on the old fronts. No more can the
German command maintain the great
reservoir of fresh soldiers which could
be poured in any direction to meet an
allied attack on any part of the front.
Previous offensives of the allies
were always met by masses brought
up from this central area, but the con
centration of Pershing's first army,
together with the hammer blows dealt
by Haig and Fetaln. compelled Hin-
PLAN IS UND
VIENNA PAPERS PRINT STORIES
ABOUT DISORGANIZING ARMY
Austrian Paper Declared
Statement Saying Demobilization of Austro-Hun-garian
Army Is Being Prepared; Vienna Publica
tion Gives Report Two Regiments Have Revolted.
JONDON, Eng., Oct 26. An official statement that demotiEzation of
the Austro-Hungarian army is being prepared is published by newspapers
of Vienna, an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Copenhagen says.
VIENNA PAPERS PRINT REPORTS.
Basel, Switzerland, Oct. 26. Vienna newspapers are publishing ardclci
relative to preparations for demobilizing the amy.
One newspaper says that two regiments stationed at Karlowitr have re
volted. Karlowitz is a village in Croatia. Slavonia-Hungary.
HUNS iOSE 50,000 EFFECTIVES
AS BRITONS IKE ON TO HONS
Germans Fighting Well. But Allies Continue Substan
tial Gains; Entente Men Capture 15,000 Prisoners,
200 Guns in Four Days; Operations in Belgium Fa
vor .Allies; French Capture the Town of Mortieres.
PARIS. Trance. Oct 25. The battle
has flared up apain and heavy
fighting: Is now under way from Val
enciennes to the Mease. The Germans
are fighting: well eTerywhere, hut the
allies continue to make considerable
progress in the process of driving;
back the enemy on the Mense line.
Enemy Loca Enonnoua,
Although the recent fighting nasi
been marked by no sensational devel
opments, if is having a cumulative
effect which, apart from the ground
gained, adds considerably to the wast
age of men and material, with which
the Germans mast reckon. The last
four days the enemy has lost well np
toward 1S,HW prisoners and 260 guns.
His total losses of effectives cannot
have been less than 50.000.
Strictly apeaklnjc. there- are
three lanre battle In projrres
mil of which are belnfr conducted
vrlth equal iucmii for the allies.
The flmt la belnar carried oa by
tbe British third and foorth
armies which pnshlns' on toward
3Ions, have reached the Valen-clennes-lllrson
doable tnek rail
road. The second is the attack of Gen.
Mangin, north and east of Laon. which
has resulted in a gain on a front of
eight miles for a distance of two
miles. He has carried his line out of
the swamps and around Sissones.
Third Battle Under Way.
The third battle Is being fought by
Gen. Gulllaumant on a front of 17
miles, from Sissones to Chateau Por
clen, where the Hundlng line Joins the
Padres Using Slang
London. Eng., Oct. 26. Slang of
a sort Americans would recognize
as Billy Sunday type is creeping'
into the sermons of the Anglican
padres at the front, according to
a writer in the British Weekly.
The parsons talk the language of
the trenches, believing tbe men
like It. And the men, it is claimed,
prefer the same careful diction
they are accustomed to In their
churches at home.
denburg, sitting gloomily before his
mirps In the spacious room in Valen
ciennes where he does his work, to
send the strategic reserve into Alsace
Risk of a Break-Thro ogh.
Thus by spreading the butter very
thin he runs grave risks of a strategic
break-through at some part of the
front, and faces the certainty of loss
of valuable ground wherever the allies
decide to press home a determined at
tack. For example: the break-through of
the enormously strong Queant switch
lines before Cam bra i would not have
been allowed to pass without violent
efforts by fresh enemy divisions to re
take the lost ground except for one
fact. That fact is this. Reserve divi
sions, during the three years that the
German trench systems have been
maintained In the west, have always
been held In readiness to fall upon
and drive back a temporarily success
ful break-through, and those" divi
sions are at present In Alsace and Lor
raine and around Verdun.
One reason, therefore, why Foch, In
stead o" using his American armies to
back up on the old battlefields the at
tacks of the French and British,
chooses to put them In a new area. Is
that by so doing be exploits his grow
ing superiority of numbers, compell
ing lltndenbrug to spread out his
available fighting material over a
vastly greater area of trench line.
Another Reason For Decision.
But there is another reason for the
choice of the southern sector as an
(Con tinned on page 3 column 3.)
to Have Published Official
Great Areas Taen
From German Army
"Washington. D. C, Oot- 21.
Summing the situation today; Gen.
March said the Germans have
evacuated or been driven out of
7HM square miles of Belgian and
Frechferrltory. since Jury IS.
r Iartng-ufe pxat week 400 square
mUes have been freed from the
enemy. Gen. March added.
All the coal Gelds in northern
France have been reconquered ex
cept for a five-mile tract where
tbe allied advance Is now being
pressed near the Belgian border.
Krelmhilde system of defences. The
average gain has been a mile, al
though at some points the advance has
On the Scire front. French
troops captured Sfortleres after
violent fisht In ic Between the Olse
and the Serre rivers the French
maintained contact vrlth the
Between Sissones and Chateau Por
clen. the French carried their lines
forward on a front of A 1-2 miles to
a depth of two miles at certain points
through the German position.
French Official Statement.
The French official statement fol
lows: "During the night there was heavy
artillery fighting between the Olse
and Serre. Contact was maintained
with the enemy all alotfg the front
reached yesterday, on the south bank
of the Serre river the French attacked
the village of Mortieres, which fell
into their hands after a violent fight,
in which they took 167 prisoners, in
cluding two officers.
Foe Reacts Energetically.
"East of the Souche the night was
marked by energetic reactions on the
part of the enemy Infantry. Rather
lively fighting occurred, especially In
the outskirts of Petit Caumon. In
spite of German counter attacks the
French maintained their positions
east of the river."
French Carry Strong Points.
The battle continued until the end
of the day between Chateau Proclen
and Sissones. The French, breaking
up the resistance of the Germans, car
ried the strong positions organised
in 1917 and which the Germans had
continued to reinforce between
Banogne, Recourrance and the Serpy
milt on a front of seven kilometers,
attaining a depth of three kilometers
at certain points. The French pushed
forward their line as far as the road
from Recouvrance to Conde L Herpy.
More to the right the French cap
tured Herpy mill and several centers
of resistance. "We took a number of
(Continued on Page 2. Col. 3.)
A Million Barrels
Gas Saved By the
"Washington. T. CL, Oct. 2S. A
striking example of the willing
ness of the public to respond to
every request to conserve material
needed by the army and navy Is
shown in the results of "gasoline
less Sundays." The request of the
United States fuel administration
to automobile owners in all the
states east of the Mississippi river
to discontinue Sunday driving un
til a reserve supply of gasoline
could be built up, effected a sav
ing of more than 1,690.000 barrels
-Which may be used for war pur
pose. The request to save gasoline was
Issued on September 1 and with
drawn on October 17. Thus, In &
period covering seven Sundays
there was an average saving of
about 143,000 barrels for each
While the request for further
saving at this time is withdrawn,
it Is pointed out by the fuel ad
ministration that if at the end of
two weeks stocks are found to be
dangerously low. it . .ay be neces
sary to again ask the public to put
tbe voluntary plan into effect.