Newspaper Page Text
El Paso and west Texas, partly dondy; New Mexico,
generally fair; Arizona, fair, little change in tem
perature. TODAY'S PRICES
Mexican bank notes, state bills, 630c; pesos, old,
84c; new, 45c; Mexican gold, 50$4c; narJouales, 25c;
bar silver, H. & H. quotation, $1.12; copper, 18H
18f4c; grains, lower; livestock, lower; stocks, higher.
ATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
DELIVERED ANTWHERK, 7c MONTH
EL PASO. TEXAS. SATURDAY EVENING. JUNE 28. 19 19.
36 PAGES. 4 SECTIONS. TODAY
SINGLE COPT. FIVE CENTS.
S PACT IS SIG
ARMED SOLDIERS OF CARRANZA!
GOVERNMENT STOP DRILLING BY
S. OIL CONCERNS I
TROOPS SURROUND ILLS HID
THREATEN AMERICAN WORKERS
National Association for Protection of American Eights!
in Mexico .Receives Information That Mexican Gov
ernment Will Send Troops to Halt Operations by
Foreign Companies; Some Are Already Stopped.
NEW TORK, Jane ZS The National ; by nnned soldiers of the Carrnnza
Association tor Ifae Protection of government, irao snrronnded the wells
American IUgbts In Slcxleo has re-land, under threat, compelled the
reived information from private ! American drillers to stop work, the
sources In Mexico that the Mexican
government ha. sent troop, to stop
. ,,,, . ,,
the drilling of wells In the properties
of foreign countries in the oil fields.
The drilling work of two American
- .i,. inj , . .
Troops Sent South Are
Forced to Beturn
Kail communications between
Juarez and the Interior have aain
been severed by the burning of three
r.dges on the JlexJcSltorthweBtern
ra Troad about 110 miles south of
Juarez, according to information re-
:ved at the American con suite in
Two troop trains that started south
-om Juarez Thursday nigbt carrying
iu Carraneista infantrymen, were
fz'zei in the vieinUy of Corralitos byi
' - o destruction of bridges. Three
"cs were burned within the space
f five miles. Telegraph wires were
elsi cut. The Carranclstas troops
were compelled to return to Juarez to
aau tbe repair of the bridges
wbila Villistas were not appre
hended in the act of burning the
ridges military officials In Juarez
2 - e certain that the rail eommunica-
"lis were cut by Villa followers.
Telegraph communications to Chinua-
ua i"ity have been restored Dut it is
reported that several days will elepse
before the bridges can be reouiit.
MEDICAL OFFICER REPORTS.
CanL Jesse C McKean. medical
n . reported at the Port Bliss de-
rro' lJizauoa center nday morning
as demobilization medical officer.
pt McKean recently returned from
'-anee. wbere he served more than
months with the First division.
Tag Orders Mayor Davis
To Police Headquarters
Thev are going to take mayor
CHarics Davis to the police station,
if be isn't 'careful how he parks his
car! His car was tagged at noon
When an automobile Is parked
wrong, a little tag Is attached to
it- which orders the owner to show
up at the police station. A police
man pat a tag on the mayor's car
when it was standing near the
Repeallncome Tax On Bank Deposits
Of Foreigners Urged By El Paso Man;
Plan WouldBe GreaiBenefit To Texas
WASHINGTON. D. C June 28. A
movement has been Inaugurated
for the repeal of the Income tax on
earnings of bank deposits of foreign
ers in American Institutions made by
foreign individuals or corporations, as
explained today by Zach I Cobb, of
EI Paso, former collector of customs
at that place and recently with the
legal division of the war trade board
Congressmen are to be importuned to
support the repeal with a view of
America holding Its trade from for
eign countries and advancing the
rating ot American goods In those
markets. The movement is of consid
erable importance to Texas, which Is
bidding for trade with Mexico and
South American countries.
Ten Per Cent Tax Ievled. !
An average of three percent is paid
by banks on average daily deposits
made by foreigners and the tax law of
1918 levies a ten percent tax on such
Recently some Texas banks are
Jtnown '.o have lost their deposits on
account of the tax, and the foreigners
Lave opened accounts In Canada, from
where banking arrangements are
available for other markets.
It is estimated that this country
sold to Mexico J 100.00.009 worth of
goods during 1018, and that a consid
erable portion of it crossed by rail
road. Southern bankers state that
New Orleans holds the largest
amounts of Mexican and South Ameri
can bank deposits in the south.
San Antonio and El Paso are known
to have large Mexican banking ac
counts and liberal amounts are inj
banks of Laredo and Eagle Pass.
Repeal Vital To Texas.
"The repeal of the tax Is vital to1
I ,.T Culled States protested aiall
e confiscation of oil lands by the
j Mexican goTenunent In April. 101S,
the nssoclatlon hays, and Great
I Britain. Prance and Holland Joined In
.the protest aBalnstconfucatlon of oil
j fields owned by their nationals.
Gen. Quiroga's Cavalry Is
Reported Close on the
Heels of the Rebels.
Gen. Pedrp Quiroga's federal cav
alry column, composed of approxi
mately 1500 men. is moving rapidly
westwardfrom Villa Ahumada in hot
pursuit of Vlllista hands, according to
reports received in Jnarez from the
zone of activity late-Friday afternoon.
It was ' also announced that Gen.
Quiroga's Infantry formations, com
posed of approximately 1500 men,
were following in the rear of the cav.
airy In the advance westward.
Sensational rumors in Juarez late
Friday were that the vanguard of
Gen. Quiroga's cavalrymen was ap
proaching the Vlllista cniposts and a
general engagement was expected
Reports received in Juarez indicate
that Gen. Qulroga is in command ot
an armv totaling more than 3000 men.
lit is reported that he is well equipped
witn munitions ana supplies ana it is
believed that the Carraneista general
has moved northward with the Inten
tion of carrying out an extended cam.
palgn against Villistas. Geen. Quiroga
Is said to be a military leader of some
reputation, having held several im
portant commands dnrlng the recent
CoL Porcallo, commanding a federal
detachment of 300 soldiers, reached
casas Grandes Wednesday. The re
port of the looting of three Chinese
Kihrts in m ijasas liranaes ov Dan.
jdlts last Saturday has been confirmed.
but It is reported tnat tne stores were
robbed by an independent band and
not by Villistas, as formerly an
MEXICO ELECTIONS POSTPONED
ON ACCOUNT OF CONDITIONS
'El Universal." a DroCarranza paper
of Mexico City, says president Carran
za has postponed indefinitely the call
ing of the election for governor and
other officials In the state of Chihua
hua, owing to the "military condi
tions existing in thai state.
The president has namea xormer
(Continued on page 4. column
Texas," said Mr. Cobb. "It would build
a greater trade with Mexico and the
countries to the south of it, and to do
so is to afford the business concerns
liberal banking arrangements, which
the Texas institutions are willing to
provide. Therefore It is important
that the ten percent income on bank
deposits of nonresidents under sub
section B)." section 233, and section
1C9 of the law of 1918, be repealed.
Information has been given the treas
ury officials that Canada, to where
many of the deposits are being taken,
does not exact a tax. The repeal or
this tax would In no way affect the
tax on domestic deposits, which is
sound in principle.
AUGMENT FUND PROVIDED
TO RUN DOWN ANARCHISTS
Washington, D. C, June 28. Two
more measures aimed at anarchists,
bomb throwers and other enemies of
law and order were Included today by
the senate in the sundry civil appro
priation bill. The appropriation, for
detection of crimes was increased by
J 60.000 and a special fund ot X300.000
for the department of labor to round
up- and deport alien anarchists was
AMERICA WINS JAVELIN
Pershing Stadium, France, June 28.
America won the allied champion
ship in Javelin throwing at the inter
allied game3 here today, when George
Broader. Jr, of New York City, threw
the Javelin 55.38 meters. Joseph But
ler, also an American, was third.
In association football Italy defeat
ed Greece. 9 to 0. In the fencing con
test the Italian team won 19 matches
and the Rumanians 17. Italy will meet
France In the championship contest.
OT TO ENFORCE
Californian Claims He Has
Advice to This Effect;
Says Wilson Will Act.
San Francisco, CaL, June 2S. The
department of Justice will make no
attempt to enforce the wartime pro
hibition act. once the peace treaty has
been signed and president Wilson has
claimed demobilization complete, according-
to Information Theodore E.
Bell, attorney for the California "Wine
Grape growers. Is quoted here today
as having received from Washington.
Bell said he had positive Information
president Wilson would declare de
mobilization at an end the moment
the treaty was signed.
TO SEIZE LIQUOR LEFT IN
CHEYENNE MONDAY NIGHT
Cheyenne, Wyo, June 38. All in
toxicants left In the hands of Chey
enne liquor dealers at midnight Mon
day will be declared contraband and
seized by the state, according to a
statement today from Fred I Crabbe,
new commissioner of prohibition for
Mr. Crabbe said he would Instruct
his deputies to enforce literally the
state bone drytlaw from the moment
it becomes effective at midnight Mon
day. T0WNLEY TRIAL ADJOURNED;
MAY NOT CALL CONGRESSMEN
Jackson, Minn.. June 28. After a
short session of court today the 'trial
of A. C Townley, national president,
and Joseph Gilbert, organizer of the
Non-Partisan league, on charges of
conspiracy to teach disloyalty, was
adjourned until Monday.
Attorneys for the defence an
nounced intention of calling several
prominent members and former mem
bers of congress to testify- lor- the
defence. It was stated the reason for
reconsidering was due to the fact that
Judge E. C- Dean refused to permit
the prosecution to offer In evidence
a transcript of the address .which
senator Robert M. La Follette made
at St Paul in September. 1917.
anenir u. L-ee. ot Jackson county,
testified regarding Gilbert'. imeeeh nt
Lakefield. January 23. 1918. Sheriff
Lee heard the address and arrested
uuoert. He testified that Gilbert In
us speech made the following state
XJlIbert said that Jackson eonntv
officials wrapped themselves In the
fa tars and Stripes and swelled their
patriotism with a P. A. Y. He also
'Ton farmers have worked harder
than ever before. Tou have had to
subscribe to the Liberty loan. T. M. C
A. and to the Red Cross, and on top of
ail tnat now xney take your ooys
"Gilbert looked toward me as I was
standing there and hesaid:
"1 guess I better not talk like
that: it Isn't patriotic.'"
Sheriff Lee then arrested Gilbert
who later was convicted of unlawful
assemblage and sentenced to 90 days
In the county JaiL He has appealed
to the district court from this con
viction. NON-PARTOANLEAGUE LAWS
RATIFIED IN NORTH DAKOTA
Grand Forks, N. D. June 28. With
less than 400 precincts to hear from
of the 1938 in the state, the seven
Nonpartisan league laws voted on last
Thursday have been ratified by the
voters by a majority of from 5000 to
10,000. according to present returns.
TO PREVENT CATTLE THEFTS;
Noirales. Ariz- June 28. Border
cavalry patrcis near the scene of the .
clash last night between American!
cavalry forces and Mexican were re- ,
inforced today by CoL Carnahan, com
mander of the forces here. Fonr ex
pert shots were sent nere Dy tne locai
sheriffs office, and the board of su
Dervisors of Santa Cruz county appro
priated funds' for additional rangers
to aid in preventing cattle tneits.
"Peace Treaty" Name
Of Elk Bom Just As
Peace Treaty Signed
Just as the whistles began, to
blow announcing the signing of
the peace treaty, a baby elk was
born at the "Washington park zoo.
The animal is a pretty thing and
is doing fine.
"We'll have to name it Peace
Treaty' said park commissioner J.
"A Daughter of the Wolf, IJla
"3000 Tears Ago," Ed Redmond
"The Hunted Bed Room," Enid
Git E CI AN
A comedy bllL,
"Bigamy, Bud Duncan,
"Just Squaw, Beatrix Mich el en a.
The Heart Punch." Jess Wlllard.
(Read Amusement Ads. on Page 5.)
Wilson Voices Plea To U. S.
For Unreserved Acceptance
Of Treaty And League Pact
117ASHINGTON, D. C, June 28.
VV President Wilson, In an address
to the people on the occasion of the
peace treaty, made a plea for the ac
ceptance of the treaty and the coven
ant of the league of nations without
change or reservation. His message,
given out here by secretary Tumulty,
Severe Treaty, Dot Just.
My fellow countrymen:
"The treaty of peace has been
signed. If It Is ratified and acted upon
In full and sincere 'execution of its
terms, it will furnish the charter for
a new order of affairs In the world.
It Is a severe treaty in the duties and
penalties it Imposed upon Germany.'
but it is severe only because great
wrongs aone oy Germany are to do
righted and reDalred it Imposes noth
ing that Germany cannot do; and she
can regain her rightful standing in
the world by the prompt and honor
abl fulfillment of Its terms.
Libera lea Oppressed People.
'And it is much more than a treaty
of peace with Germany. It liberates
great peoples who have never before
been able to find the way to liberty.
It ends, once for all. an old and Intol
erable order under which small
groups of selfish men could nse the
peoples of great empires to serve
their ambition for power and domina
tion. "It associates the free govern
ment of the world In a perman
ent league, la which they are
pledged to use their united power I
GREAT PACIFIC FLEE! CREATED
AS EFFICIENCY MEASURE IN NAVY
Action Timed So As to Cause No Suspicion in Japan
That Separation ok Battle Fleet Is Intended As a
Warning; Relations With Oriental Power Were
Never More Friendly Than at Present Time.
VT7ASHIXGTON, D. O, June 38. The
IT United states government a oeti
sion to maintain a powerful fleet of
warships In. the Pacific ocean Is due
to no recent develoments or contin
gencies, but to a plan -ncelved long
before the end of the European war
BefaU9eJI Resident RoosveIt's ac
tion in sending the Americas fleet on
a naval 'parade around the world with
first stops "in the Pacific happened
at the time of a controversy with
Japan over California legislation it
was then Interpreted as a friendly
warning to the Japanese. But the
separation of a large part of the
American navy at this time for duty
in the Pacific has no bearing on the
present relations between Japan and
the United States, which happen to
be at the highest point of friendship
they have yet reached.
Indeed, because the feeling between
the governments of Japan and the
United States is so cordlaj.. the Ameri
can fleet can be disposed of In the
Pacific in accordance with plans
made years ago without being mis
construed or misunderstood.
Botl? Coasts Protected.
For a long time, naval authorities
who studied the problem of coast de
fence have contended that the United
States, by placing most of her fleet ;
In the Atlantic left the Pacific coast
open to attack by the navies, not
merely of Asiatic but European pow
ers. Not until the European war
came, however, and the expansion of
the navy was an established fact, was
it possible to divide the American
fleet and keep both the Atlantic and
Pacific coast well protected.
The advantages, however, of
late entirely to sudden enter- j
ccncles In the Pacific. II t keep- 1
Ing two nnlts Instead of one, doa
ble the benefits In training are se
en red. It Is estimated that two
weeks would be required to faring
the two fleets together into a
single fighting force.
Those who remember the long Jour
ney which the battleship Oregon made
around Cape Horn in the Spanish
American war will appreciate what a
cnange tne Manama canai mases in
the defence of the United States and
its possessions. Should the United
States develop unfriendly relations
with a European power, the Pacific
fleet can be brought Into the Atlantic
in two weeks time, and. of course,
the navy would have taken advantage
of pending negotiations in any Inter
national dispute to mobilize the fleet
in whatever ocean It might seem that
operations would be necessary.
Prepare for Mexico.
Similarly in the event of military
operations In Mexico, the battle fleets
would be ready to cruise along the
eastern and western coasts of the con
tinent and render aid to the military
forces, as well as prevent assistance
by water from other powers.
From a theoretical point of view, !
the placing of a large fleet In the Pa-;
cific has been urged again and again,
but It was only upon the increase ot
naval armament during the war that
president Wilson gave secretary Dan- I
I els consent to go ahead Just as soon !
as the European war ended. I
Of course, there are those In the
national capitol who Insist on bellev. i
ing the American government Is again
doing what tne late president Roose
velt did making a display of power
In tbe Pacific for the benefit of all
concerned but the hypothesis on
which their theory is based is a state
of -unfriendly relations with Japan.
government, by agreeing to the trans- f
fer of German rights In Shan Tungj
to Japan has taken a step which has
won favor in Japan. I
Peace 31 Union Criticized. j
The American peace mlflsion has ;
been severely criticized at home, and
particularly on the west coast, for !
"bowing to Japan" In the matter of j
Shan Tung. The American tace
delegation's position Is that Japan J
will keep her word; that she wlllj
return the territory of Shan Tungj
to China at the appointed time. IU
to maintain peace by maintaining
right and Justice.
"It makes international law a real
ity supported by imperative .sanctions.
It does away with the right of con
quest and rejects the policy of annex
ation and substitutes a new order
under which backward nations pop
ulations which have not yet come to
political consciousness and peoples
who are ready for Independence, but
not yet quite prepared to dispense (
wim protection ana guiaance snail
no more be subjected to the domina
tion and exploitation of a stronger na
tion, but shall be put under the friend
ly direction and afforded the helpful
assistance or governments wnicn. un
dertake to be responsible to the oiln
ion of mankind in the execution of
their task by acepting the direction
of the league of nations.
Cleanses Life of World.
"It recognizes tne inalienable rlcrhts
of nationality; the rights of minorities
and tne sanctity ol religious beiiet
and practice. It lays the basis for
conventions which shall free the com
mercial intercourse of the world from
unjust and vexatious restrictions and
for every sort of International cooper,
atlori that will serve to cleanse the
life of the world and facilitate its
common action in beneficent service
of every kind.
"It famishes guarantees snch as
were never given or even contem
plated for the fair treatment of
.nll who labor at the dally tasks of
"It is for this reason that I have
spoken of It as a great charter for a
new order of affairs. There is ground
here for deep satisracuon. universal
assurance and confident nope.
(Signed) "woodrow wnson .
ls again a question of faith in Japan
ese promises and tbe American gov
ernment, in agreement with tbe gov
ernments of G re-it BIrtain and France,
prefers to believe in those promises
until concrete evidence of a broken
pledge Is offered.
In tW meantime naval opinion.
which proceeds on the theory of
lMmfl3&l itr 'in il"jgaB!r'anT emergency'
I' Irrespective of the status of dlplo-
matle relations, holds tnat tae
United States can no longer IcnoTe
the Paelfle coast, bat that she
mast hereafter consider the east
ern and western shores of the
continent, running ilown to the
end of South America, as territory
under ber vigilance and patrol.
Knmn of the finest battleshiDS ol
the world will go Into the Pacific
fleet, amonthem the "Wyoming. New
York, Arkansas, Texas, Arizona,
Idaho, Mississippi. Virginia, New
Jersey. Rhode Island, Georgia, Ne
braska and Vermont.
nisr Cruiser Force. Too.
Besides this there will be a large
cruiser forse and a torpedo boat flo
tilla of 108 with 14 submarines, two
submarine tenders, 12 mine sweepers
and two mine layers, supply snips,
hospital ships, powerful tugs and
radio reDafr vessels.
Naval officers bellev that when
the Atlantic and Pacific fleet are
bronrht together for maneuvers, ha v.
ing been trained separately, the ef
ficiency of the American navy will
ba materially Increased. America Is
getting a substantial line of defence
on both sea coasts. copyrignt, isist
by New York; Evening Post. Inc.)
BRITISH AND CANADIAN
TROOPS FIGHT IN STREET
London, Ens-, June SS. (via Mon
treal). Serious street fighting occur
red Friday at TVoklnsr. Surrey, be
tween Canadian and British soldiers
and- civilians. The Canadians came
from the camp at Whitley.
Every Day lie Asks Five Tenons, 1
Pic ted nt Random, a Question.
Should army airplanes patrol the
border from here to Brownsville?
San Antonio and Oregon streets.
No. 1. Jack McDonald, Wigwam
cigar store: "Absolutely. We need
No. 2. Ed L-oper, Inox hotel: Yes,
because I believe It necessary In dis
covering the bands of rebels who
could not be as easily found by
searchers on the ground.
No. 3. Charles Matthews, 203 Grand
view street: "Certainly, it lsthe best
thing in that line possible."
No. 4. It: L. Castlemerry, 1515 Alta
street: "Sure, I believe It would be a
good thing. i
No. 5. E. A. Decker, 3012 Frutasi
street: "In my opinion they should. II
believe It would be a good means of
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Your problem is solved. One
hundreds of the greatest fiction
works In literature have been con
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Condensed, they average a column
or thereabout In length.
Within a few days The Herald
will begin printing these con
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reading them and you will widen
your acquaintance with llerature.
PEACE REIGNS 5 YEARS TO DAY
AFTER MEMORABLE MURDER OF
ARCHDUKE FRANCIS FERDINAND
Best Day Since the .Angels
Sang in Betnlehem, Dan
iels Tells V. S. Navy.
Washington, D. C. June il. Secre
tary Daniels today sent this message
to all naval ships and stations:
"The signing of the treaty of peace
at Versailles ushers in the best day
in the history of the world since the
angels sang In Bethlehem 'Glory to
God In the Highest, on earth, peace,
good will toward men."
"We are living the fulfillment of
that prophecy. As a republic we are
grateful to have borne a part In mak
ing straight and plain the path of
permanent peace with Justice to the
world. Upon the receipt of news of
signing of the treaty of peace, the
most important document in the his
tory of the world, every ship and
shore station will fire a salute of 21
national ensign at each
Gen. Smuts Signs Under
Protest; Dislikes Plan
Of Indemnities In Pact
Versailles, France, June 2S. Gen.
Jan Christian Smuts, one of the dele
gates representing the Union of South
Africa, signed the treaty under pro
test. He objected to certain territo
rial settlements, raalclnsr a lengthy
Gen. Smuts sold thst the Indemni
ties stipulated could not be accepted
without grave injuries to the indus
trial revival of Europe Ho declared
it would be to the Interest of the al
lied powers to render the stipulations
more toierame ana moderate.
Bandits Captured After
Illinois Mine Robbery
Benton. IU. June SS. The four sur
vivors of the five bandits who Friday
robbed the Middle Fork mine of J
000. after wounding three employes,
last night were captured In a wood
near West Frankfort by a posse of 380
persons, axier exenanging approxi
mately iuo snots witn tbelr pursuers.
All the bandits were wounded sllzhtiv
and only surrendered after they had
run out ol anunsnition.
John Dales, William Devllblss and
an itauan. wno were Assisting pay
master William Roberts make un nay
envelopes, were wounded by shots
from tne bandits prior to the robbery.
Secretary Polk Sends
wasnington. D. c June zs. Imme
diately after receiving the news of
the signing of the treaty, acting sec
retary Polk sent this message to the
president over the special direct wire
from the state department to Ver
sailles: "Permit me to offer my heartfelt
congratulations on tbe completion ot
your a-reat work. The American peo
ple will he ever proud of what you
did as their representative for the
peace of the world."
GERMAN PRISONERS FREED
WHEN FOE RATIFIES PACT
Paris, France. June SS. (Havas).
In the completed peace treaty signed
today at Versailles, the newspapers
say, were certain stipulations which
it was hoped trould hasten ratification
of the treaty by the German national
The Journal says that the allies
stipulated that the liberation of Ger
man prisoners would be dependent
upon ratification of the treaty by the
EAST I.AS VEGAS CELEIlItATES
East Las Vecas. X. II- June SS.
This city will celebrate tbe signing of
peace br a "iov nartr." held in Lin
coln park this evening. Every- one. is
mvueu 10 waive a noise.
RUSSIAN MOHAMMEDANS ARE
OPPOSED . TO BOLSHEVISM
Ufa. Russia. June 21 (Via vladi-
vostok. May 10). There are about
700.000 Bashkirs (Mobammedans of
mixed Finnish and Tartar descent)
living in Perm. Ufa. Vlatka and Oren
burg governments. Tbey are ror tne
most part landowners, small or great,
and for that reason are opposed to
Bolshevism, so far at least as the
latters land distribution program is
concerned. Otherwise there is little
difference between the Mussulman
and the Russian in his attitude toward
Tbe Mussulman is opposed to Bol
shevism also, regarding its policy to.
ward religion. The mass of the Mus
sulman population Is extremely re
ligious and believes that questions of
rellirlon are its own affairs. The mer
chants like the Russian merchants are
against Bolshevism. Tbe peasant who
owns no land favors it.
Abraham Ahktiamov. a Social Dem
ocrat (Menshevik), of Ufa. a member
of the first constituent assembly, a
Mussulman attorney and a man of
exceptional Intelligence, quotes Le.
nine, the Bolshevik premier, as saying
that to everv Bolshevik are attached
"S3 scoundrels and 60 fools."1
Ahktiamov does not believe in the
possibility of a world wide social
revolution because "America doesn't
smell like It: France is not ready for
It: England will buy off Its promoters
and Germany is too- weak."
The Kolchak government, he said.
Is an Imperfect nucleus of government
which In the present state of affairs i
must be recognized." j
CAI1 ROAR IIS CLOSE OF
HIST0H1G VERSAILLES CEREMONY
Proceedings Finally Ended at 3:49 P. M., Paris Time;
Teutons First to Sign; Wilson Signs at 3:14 o'clock;
Chinese Stay Out; Allied Statesmen Are Swept
Along by Surging Thousands Celebrating Peace.
BY THE ASSOCIATED PHESS.
"jpHE WORLD war came to an end five years after the assassination 0f
archduke Francis Ferdinand and two years and two days after the first
American troops landed in France.
The Austrian heir apparent was killed at Saravejo, June 28- 914.
The first American contingent disembarked in France, June 26, 1 91 7.
On July 28, 1914, one month after the death of Francis Ferdinand,
Austria declared war on Servia, marking the beginning of hostilities. On
Augusfi, Germany declared war on Russia, and invaded Luxemburg.
GERMANY'S TJLTAMATUM AUGUST 2.
Germany sent her ultimatum to Belgium August 2, and declared war
on France August 3. The next day Great Britain declared war on Ger
many. June 28, also is the anniversary of the renewal of the triple alliance be
tween Germany, Austria and Italy, which has been broken by the war.
On June 28, 1890, the German reichstag adopted a bill creating a
new German army, the organization of which lis greatly diminished in power
by the treaty signed today.
In American history June 28 is the anniversary of the battle of Mon
mouth, N. J., where in 1 778 Washington defeated a force under Sir Henry
SIGNING BEGUN AT 10:30, WASHINGTON TIME.
Washington, D. C, June 28. At 1 0:30 a. m- Washington time, it was
announced by the state department that the signing of the treaty had begum
The official report to the state department said president Wilson signed
at 3:14 oclock, Paris' time.
Dr. Hermann Mueller and Dr. Johannes Bell signed for Germany at
3:12 and 3:13 odocL. . . ".
All the American delegation had finished signing at 3:15, immediately
after president Wilson, the official report said.
The order of signing after president W3so'n was Lansing. White,
House, and Bliss.
WORLD'S GREATEST WAS AT END.
Signing at Versailles of the peace treaty with Germany today, formally
brought to a close the world's greatest war.
Although technical termination of the war will come to each nation only
when the treaty is approved by the ratifying power of that nation, to all, in
tents and purposes the conflict that began in August, 19 14.- ended when
in the historic Hall of Mirrors the accredited peace commissioners affixed
their signatures to the treaty. Likewise was brought to an end the armistice
granted Germany last November ! 1.
Portions of the treaty with Austria yet remain to be completed and
negotiations with Turkey and Bulgaria still must be conducted, but as to
Germany, chief of the enemy powers, only the work of carrying out through
the long series of years of the provisions of the treaty remain.
CENTER OF INTEREST SHIFTS. TO U. S..
With the departure from Paris tonight of president Wilson preparatory
to sailing tomorrow from Brest on the George Washington, the center of in
terest as regards the treaty shifts to the senate, ratification by which i neces
sary for actual termination of the war between this country and Germany.
Due to opposition to the league of nations covenant a part of the treaty
and to certain provisions of the treaty itself, the contest in the senate is ex
pected to be long and bitter.
As the signing of the treaty must be followed by formal ratification be
fore commercial relations with Germany may be resumed, a( spirit of rivalry
among the entente allies to file notice of ratification with the French secre
tariat in Paris may be expected to develop. The first nation to resume re
lations with Germany, therefore, probably will be among those whose form
President's Stay In France Has
Shown Him Sentiments Of French
Toward Americans Are Genuine
pARIS. France. June SS. President
a y, uson today, on the eve of his
departure from France, made the fol
"As I look back over the eventful
mouths Thave spent in France my
memory is not of conferences and
hard work alone, but also of Innum
erable acts of generosity and friend
ship which have made me feel how
genuine the sentiments of France are
towards the people of America and
how fortunate I have been to be the
representative of our people in the
midst of a nation which knows how to
show us kindness with so much charm
"All Well," Cables President,
About To Sail For Home, Will
Be Given Reception AfN. Y.
WASHINGTON, D. C, June 28. President Wilson an3 his party will leave
Paris at 9:30 oclock tonight for Brest to safllor home, secretary Tumulty
was notified today.
The cable from president Wilson said:
President Wilson has consented to an unofficial reception for him err Ms
arrival in New York. A comraittee of citizens through secretary Tumulty
had asked they be allowed to prepare an unofficial greeting. This is the
first intimation of where the president would land. "
page 3. column .1.
and so much open manifestation ot
what is in its heart.
Deeply happy as I am at the pros
pects of Joining my own countrymen
again. I leave France with genuine re
gret, my Seep sympathy for her peo
ple and belief in her future confirmed
my thoughts enlarged by the privilege
of association with her public men?
conscious of more than one affection
ate friendship formed, and profound
ly grateful for unstinted hospitality
and for countless kindnesses which
have made me feel welcome.
"I take the liberty of bidding
France God speed, as well as good bye
and of expressing once more my ad
ding Interest and entire confidence in
(signed) "Woodrow Wilson."
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