Newspaper Page Text
Cable News, Sport
and Classified Section
Cable News, Sport
and Classified Section
WEEK-END EDITION, JULY 26-27, 1919,
" . . inmnnr titi r niTrvEiFfeniTf f
iljHAnbL I Lt. VILWIV U
Versailles Treaty Of Peace
Britain And France Profit
Most From Trades
ENGLAND TO AFRICA
AIRSHIP SERYICE IS
Passengers Will Make Bound Trip to Cape Town in
Seven Days' Time and See Most of the Wonders of
the Dark Continent, Its Great Herds of Game
and Dazzling Mountains Without Bisk.
the actual atmospherrlc conditions
even In the tropics are infinitely bet
ter suited for flying than those of
"The only time In the year when
flying conditions are not favorable Is
during the rainy season, when violent
thunderstorms are experienced and
the sky Is laden with heavy clouds,
and the lower flytntr parts of the
country hidden in thick mist. The
rainy season, however, occurs in dlf
r.r.nt narts nf the country at dif
ferent times and br having alternate
routes there should be no difficulty in
keeping clear of these undesirable
"The route suggested by the R. A.
P. authorities, and which is now
being: surveyed and prepared in three
sections CI) Egypt and the Soudan.
(2 Central Africa, and (3) South
"Roughly speaking, it Is S400 -miles
In length, and In stages the whole
Germany, By Her Intrigue Against Other Colonies and By Her Brutality Towards
Her Wards In Africa, Made It Impossible For Her Power Ever 1 o Be
Relumed To Her She Is Wiped Off The Continent and
Spain Will Be the Next To Go; Italy Gets Little.
PARIS. France, July 26. The atten-
lion of the world has been so con.
centrated upon European aspects of
the treaty of Versailles that the pro
visions of this document affecting Af
rica have provoked relatively little
comment, yet. In point of fact the Af
rican detail Is not Impossibly of more
Importance for the future than all the
territorial changes, so far as Germany
herself is concerned, on the European
"When the war came. Germany had
constructed on African soil, an empire
of -more than 1.000,000 square miles,
five times the area of the German em
pire In Europe, with a population of
E early 13,000,000, nor did German am
bition pause at what had been accom
plished. Her two ereat colonies of
tropical Africa, the Kamerun and Ger
man East Africa, were to be founda
tion stones in a grandiose edifice,
which was to span the dark continent.
If there was to be a Mltteleuropa, as
a result of the victories of German
I arms on the Eurotwan frontiers, there
crossing tne a in can continent from
the Atlantic to the eastern Ocean and
in addition. German Southwest A fries
was to advance northward to Join this
central territory, while It also ex
tended southward to Include the Union
of South Africa.
What GermnaT Planned.
In German calculation Belgium was
to surrender ner conga JJia not Bern
T O.MJO.V. anly
J-i that the shouting and Jnblla
tlon attendant upon the nccess
fnl completion of the first round
trip by air to America has died
down, British air experts are so
berly reallxlns that vchlle the
R&rs mission was In every re
pert nceeaitfal It will be a long
while yet before anything like
regular commercial passages and
t raffle by air can be made to
Commenting on this, & London Jour
nalays: . , .
"Although the crossing of the At
lantic ocean by airplane has proved
to be under decent weather conditions
& practical proposition. It will be
some time before either a regular
airplane or airship service between
Europe and America Is established
on a sonnd commercial basis. 1 in comfort
"The Cairo to Capetown air route, cares favorably
on me old or czuia, iwiui .mi -i vovacre irora bouinarapion iu .ni.uuH.
promising. .tmrtlne "Machines flying south will carry i compiete tae surrender of this great! the aspirations of nearly a ntury
-Already the work of construcung . . traTclers with their l minnv i-hA vrnH -Tid Tie-lan and the elimination of the German
samples, and bring back loads of to- j cessions would unite the Kamerun i Pl in Africa as iweii asm Europe,
By FRANK H. SIMONDS.
when He war came. By the treaty I
of peace she I deprived of every
foot of her African holdings. More
than this, to make assurance
doubly sure, she is compelled to
urrender anch clalroa n ile bad
a pon France for equal opportunl
ties In Morocco, claims based upon
the successful maneuvers of her
diplomats at Algeelras and after
wards, during the 3Ioroccan
clashes, while Britain ncqulrcs,
with the consent of the world, the
United States expressly assenting,
a protectorate In Egypt, vthlch
gives her that free hand ahe has
Africa Closed to Germany.
Henceforth, then. Africa la closed to
the German. But the elimination of
Germany Is only one of the African
changes which will follow the present
settlement. Actually Germany cedes
her colonies to the allies, not to any
one nation. But the allies baTe al
ready sketched the ultimate division
of these territories In secret under
standings and treaties.
Thus France Is to recover all of her
lost Congo lands, ceded to Germany
In the Agadir time, and In addition all
of German Kamerun save a narrow
stria along the frontier of British Ni
geria. Ports, railways. German In
vestments and Improvements of all
sorts pass to France, with a good har
bor, into the bargain.
In addition. Togo is divided between
France and Britain. Insuring to
France a material extension of the
narrow roast line of Dahomey and
valuable railroad Into tne ninteriana.
hardi. long before the war. In his rmany an tne aiiies nave asreea u
memorable volume suggest that the , France may .if she can. acquire Horn
mere possession of this colony might. Spain the , Spanl sh oJdings on the
TO AVOID TERMS OF
British General Makes As
King Confers Honor On
tne nomination oi
t okdon. July 26. (Correspondence
Li of The Associated Press.) The
tender spot In British political life
today Is the dispensation of titles,
m,... .r awarded, of course, by the
king, hut on denomination of the
prime minister. . u been
journey from London could be made j J wast of Morocco facing Aleeciras and tSSSSSTiA-. moderate of
in comfort in seven days, which com-, f s 5 o. ner neuira frontins. on tne straits of Gibraltar. . ' c,Ions la Alsace-Lorraine, to ex-
German submarine attacks upon the
Suez route to India. Moreover, In od
talning world recognition of her pro
tectorate In Egypt, at the moment
when her armies hold Mesopotamia
and Arabia, she has at last become
complete mistress of the most vital
communication lane for her empire in
the world. In the last war the Suez
canal was never cut. lot'""
actually Invaded, but German-led
Turkish troops reached the canaland
German agents succeeded" in stirring
up rebellion In Egypt Itself.
Germany Alone to Blame.
The German ias himself solely to
blame for the fact that in the end he
has lost his whole African empl
Nelther the French nor the British
sought to extend their domains at nis v" ,V .m.. have
expense before the war. Neither con- "J-"""?." " 0me by various
ceived nor nounsnea granule- I Srimeinliii sters f or purely party ser
.hnra for creatine a still vaster Af- Pe J?u"i,,iZ,,S Kiht bv con-
rtTn .mnira by annexing German 7iX; KVSrr,wT. "
lands. "Tbrhou of lords" has a peculiar
as important solely as bases f.r having their caste lowered by the ao
the acquisition of the lands of his 1 aitlon of the newly rich, and purely
nelshbors. He was eonsrrnriinji rieh to ti oroera oinumiuj.
. -p.li.l- I Tmhllelrv.
maps o H.-r-.-r----- ----- hid outlast
lions linu uiDiucii ...... - I xuo tiusoiw" ,
French territories alike. The same ye3r and there was a general nnaer
. .. . t-.i n v.n. I ii h.r.after when honors
spirit mil " .......... . - -- isiduuwa --- ' .K.l-
Germanism In nnrope. was dL- wero announced the reason for tneir
closed In the whole African caop- I bestowal shoum Be puaiuucu.
ter of Cerman history. I has been done in form bat. It : Is ai-
VSXSSXZ rteW SraarSS.t mean almost
the promise of great Increases, "."".'"fw NaUonal party, which has
52ft "'if.,.? SSJSSSrbIwlS U?eh4 0 h?us? of com-
France, provided she had been will-
PARIS PEACE TREATY
OF WORLD WILL
PREFER PEACE TO PATRIOTII
Two Years Given by British Diplomats As Length of
Time in Which Requirements oi tne iunes win
Be Obeyed; the Berlin Press Says That the
Workers Will Make Short Wor of Terms.
'Sifh7. weSE?' France, already forced to yield half frontins on the Straits .
fTL-t lf Congo, as -compensation" for For France, then, the
nthampton. U MoroCcan acaulsltions. was to of Africa means the
the necessary airdromes, petrol depots.
mtr i. i.ll In hand, and at the pres
ent moment there is nothing to pre
vent a machine similar to that em
ployed on the Atlantic flight making
the complete Journey in three or four
"For commercial purposes the au
thorities are agreed that airplanes
should not make continuous flights of
over 400 miles without landing, which
naturally entails the preparation of
"This perhaps. Is the greatest diffi
culty with which -onr trans-African
air pioneers have to contend, for near
ly three-fourths of the route lies over
country clothed with forest or bush.
In which a forced landing means a
crash nine times out of ten.
It Is proposed, however, ta employ
rwirp- hnats for the
whole length of the Kile, and possibly
over lAke Victoria Nyanza, while In
German East Africa there are already
.-rcii.Tit airdromes construct
ed by the K. F. C during the war.
"One of the greatest factors In fa
vor of the establishment of "enlT
air routes to Capetown Is the i clinjate.
Contrary to what one might expect.
bacco or special tropical fruits. Im
agine the price per pound that a ton
of ripe mangoes would fetch at Co
vent Gardon in midwinter.
-rhMtrlMi stars will be able to
carry out engagements In Durban, j plre.
i.i. r t- . .... -r . 1 flop or worm- irice.
the Germans had constructed a rail-1 In thus clearing her hands In Mo
road from the. Indian ocean to Lake; roceo France acquires one of the great
Tanganyika, which was to be the colonial prizes of the worid. ,nw
,r, ill . rpccrvnlr of troonx. a vast fertile land.
Johannes Dure ana uape iuwu, iuu w cui uiis wa vuiv uuc ui wo- -t . . ,-.
oaSk in London In one month. Then ' man dreams. When the war came and ' njre. Bv obUining h Jnstrrlto
ihere Is the sporting aspect The , Turkey Joined the kaiser, then the j rles along the Congo and the CTanghl
hnntine- country In Rei-mans promised the sultan the re- and. In addition, the German Kamerun.
the world will be placed within four (turn of his rights In Egypt. Britain
ja . Tinnn rink. will run spe- was tn bfl evicted. Turkev was nomi-
clal- 1 oajs eiepaani uuuw m v." -j
tral Africa. joi oniy is i "ii"
the bounds of possibility; It Is within
the bounds of probability.
Sightseers for many years will
form a great proportion of the air
r-v1!1- r -mnr. beautiful Sights
in the world than the Nile, the great
nally to come back, but actually Ger
many was to succeea me trfiiisn. in
this region, too. German supremacy
was to be assured, beyond the chal
lenge of seapower. by pushing a
branch pf the Bagdad railway south,
ward from AlenDO. A new railroad.
borrowing existing lines as far as the
edge of the desert, was to extend
African lakes. Mount Kenla. Ruwen- I .crns. the Fnez canal. Joining Cairo
nrl and Kilimanjaro, as seen from --j Alexandria with Damascus and
passengers will be able to look
down from the airships and see herds
of antelope, buffalo and even ele
phants and the other wonderful game
Should Married Men Be Allowed
To Flv? Brings Divergent Views
From Wives Of British Flyers
LOXDOK. Eng, July S6- "Oh, I dot
feel so sorry for poor Mrs. Hawk
er, if s not right for a married man to
take such risks." This remark was
heard continually during the anxious
live days Hawker was missing and
believed lost in the Atlantic on the
first attempt to cross the ocean by
Should married men fly?
Thousands of wives have answered
with an emphatic "No." Including
itra. Sidney Pickles, whose husband
withdrew from the Atlantic flight at-
tempt at ner ciucjta -- .
holds that such adventures are a s!n-j
Elnberf -well known English'.
women nave ottn
their views as regards married men
flying. HaT5rler jay,.
-My husbands chose his profession
before be chose me. I old not see nor.
do I yet. why a man should give
up his profession when he marries.
The Marchioness Townsend has
original Ideas on the subject:
-If a wife urges her husband to
fir then he is at liberty to do aa te
likes, but. generally sPklne.- J fln1'
. , . . ... wiv.. wnnld aerree with
their husband's flying, at least, at the
present stage of aeronatutlcs.
"Flying is becoming a necessity of
J 5?.tnr-e,'th"ere Tsba'nd
should always consult his wife and
accept ner buiuaii-o
. ; ..l-w . riancrernus flight.
nloneer airplane pilot and
t inarta manv flights with my
husband, bnt we have never done any
trick nvlng. A married man should
St do that If mv husband thought
of attempting the Atlantic nignt ii
believe I would throw myself in front
of hU machine rather than let him
CMIrs Doris Keane. the famous lead
ing actress in "Romance- ana wno
married "England's most handsome
man " takes a very hroadmlnded view:
"That marriage should be a bar to
a man taking up fylng either as a
orofesslon or as a hobby when he has
responsibilities and possibly fe'eno
ents seems to me reponslble. It
would be extremely hard on a woman
If her husband was to take m flying
after marriage, for. after all. if a
glrl marries an aeronaut she is fully
aware of the dangers and risks he
runs. Tto ask him to renounce his
profession in which he Is thoroughly
interested and perhaps verv success
ful is demanding a considerable sac
rifce. To expect, loo. that youngmen
entering the ranks of flyers -should
relegate marriage to the far distant
future Is making an unreasonable
demand upon them.
"I think as a general rule, provided
a fair amount of precaution Is taken
..4 - nlar.fi on stunts, it would
be unnecessarily drastic to exclude
- vrt.n from the nrofesslon that
Is assured! destined to nlav a great i
part in modern civilization"
Vlss Olive Wadsley. the well known ,
auiJioress, first woman to loop thai
"It makes no difference whether a J
man is married or single. If he seta
out with a oeumie !""""". , i
should he not carry It through? A
married man as Just as much Tight
to fly as anyone else.
"Whether married or single, a man
will do anything worth while.
Child Rebukes King. ,
London. Eng, July 55. At the
Derby races king George asked a
woman of his acquaintance to
bring her little daughter to the
royal box. The king took the little
girl on his knee, and. after some
bantering, asked her how she
would like to see him with his
crown on. The child's reply was:
"Don't be silly."
Alepoo s.nd thus with Constantinople
Am? once in Esrvnt. Germany
dreamed of following the example of
the Arabs and sweeping wesrwara on
the Mediterranean shore .until he
reached Tripoli. Tunis. Algeria. Mo
rocco, borrowing the mantle of the
nronhet to cover the ambitions of the
In the German ralnn jiirica. mis
relatively small exceptions, was to
be German territory! French.
Belgian. Italian and Portuguese
colonies were to be seised and
Germany was to acquire an Inex
haustible reservoir alike of men
for fntnre wars and of raw ma
terials for fntnre trade conflicts.
Looking bafkward now over more
she acquires a great tropical estate,
at the moment when all the world is
at last appreciating the enormous
value of Ironical colonies.
French rule thus seems firmly es
tablished in northwest and west
Belgium, like France, escapes from
the German peril. Belgian. Congo has
always been the object of German
.)i.mlnr "Rounded bv German terri
tory alike on the east and west, after
Germany naa pusnea ner ibhih
.f.9ni tn th. rrhsnehl. In the Aga
dir time, Belgium could see the steady
advance of German strategic railroads,
anproachlng her African estates, as
hev nitshed nn to her European fron
tiers, for the same military purpose.
And when Belgium had been con-
nn.re no German even considered
the possibility that Belgian Congo
would be returned to its owners. Now,
with Britain and France as neighbors.
Belgium can rest secure In Africa,
while In Europe, too. she has found
new guarantees against German ag
gression. Britain's Bis Galas.
Great, however, as have been French
-.in. in Africa. It is Britain who
, tmI nrrtflt- Two-Ullrfs of
the German .colonial territory falls to.
her. In addition to nan oi me iovo
LOXDO.Y. Eng. July -0- Now
that the Germans have ac
cepted the terms of peace, the real
test aa to whether those terms
will be fulfilled to the letter will
come not ext week or next month
but at the end of two or more
years' time. Then there may be,
in the language ot the street,
That is a belief and a fear that is
entertained in responsible quarters.
though obviously no official desires to
The situation, in brief, which is
counted upon by German radicals and
others to loosen the allied shackles
and destroy the peace edifice, is this:
In a couple of years' time, or at the
most- say fire years, let the truly
elected representatives of German la
""""rr. "J." . n. j a reiatireiv small slice of the
hGeany haV treksured and Kamerun, she acquire; , I of German
!lerLn? S? 2?S" .ant- AfricT Tue dream of Cecil Rhodes I,
senYe of rentment. rev ved n the TeVruptlon from the Cape to Cairo.
kSslr-s messageto Krueger. since one. While the 3erman base of Intrigue.
France" finalH TbegS "to ouoy half of the great African-continent is
rocco' after hex ? great bargal with henceforth British and the 'Cape-to-Britain.
following the Fashoda crisis,! Cairo railway run; on British terri
German resentmfnt was disclosed Inltory from one end ot Africa to the
three separate attempts to oiot V
tlngulsh that everlasting danger spot.
Even in the case of the Belgian Congo,
-i.m .v.nfnallv have had the
approval of the European powers to
a suDsianuai iocicac n .
ji.ii.. nrn,MnI neMnn were
willing to part wim wan
gians regaraea aa r
Germany Must Blame Herself.
But in Africa, as In Europe, Ger
many knew only one method. She
Knew only one way. enc oumcu
France. Belgium and Portugal: she
menaced the security of the British
emnlre bv fomenting rebellion in the
Boer states: she threatened the peace
of Europe by three dramatic ventures
in Morocco. And. finally, in that por-
II.. rtf irrina whfrb was hers, she
displayed a brutality and a disregard
for the most elemental considerations
of humanity and decency unparalleled
In the not oVer nice history of the
white race in Africa. Her African
subjects welcomed the allied invaders
with pathetic enthusiasm: to turn
them back to German rule again, with
the certainty of reprisals, was always
impossible. Nor was it less impossible
to undertake to erect Independent
countries out of the African Jungle
nnA hostnw rmon the natives that gift
of independence for which they were
It remains to mention Italian gains
In Africa. At the moment when she
,i,it,j the war Italy held Tripoli, ac
quired as a result of her still recent
conflict with Turkey: Erlthrea. that
thin strin of coast land between Abys
sinia and the Red sea and a more con
siderable area in Somaliland. But in
th. rase or TrlDoll. tTance neia muaj
of the hinterland. Including the cara
van route between unat ana v.na
lie hotb France and Britain
Aeld territories adjoining Italy's east
Italy's Demands Strong.
Tt-t, .. (.mi nf a secret agreement
between Italy. France and Britain. It
was provided tnat jtaiy snouia receive
convpensatisn If her partners in
creased their African holdinga This
promise has led to many debates In
the Paris conference and certain mod
ifications of frontiers have been fore
shadowed, although these fall far
short of satisfying Italian expectations.
From France Italy Is to receive the
peace. If it
And the allies would then be con
fronted with this very difficult prob
lem: "Can we enforce such and such
a term? Will the people back us upi
Will they flghtr- t
Some people believe that the com
mon working and fighting men of all
the allied countries would refuse to
. ir-tn another great war.
The memory of the recent conflict la
still too vivid and its sorrows and
losses too great, tney say. They
would, no doubt, fight for their own.
defence, out to ueu io "-"r
peace term which they might but
vaguely understand would be some
thing else. The fact that unless such
three separate aucmpia iu . l . ' ,. , , . . .v. I t rom t rance iiaijr is tu
nr..i th. iat remaining field In extinguishing German rule in the1 ,i., ,, ta make her com
::.;.!.n .-mansion. south. Britain has forfeited ner posi- ' , th. Rhadames-Ghat
.V" S. i Hon in the Union of -South Africa, mi ""L .T nd,h .h.
And now Germany
nlnne the dreoms
but tb reality of
for the fntnre. annexing German East Africa she has STecelve certain lands on the border
,f the moment eliminated a possible base for tnretein Kgynt and TripolL and both
France and Britain are oreparea w
wmVnueA iiliilllllllllliilnlllllllilllllllllu yZ.
mons. has mken up meauestlon. The . bor rts9 up and ny. "Rescind such
"n to the Tnewsfa-MrS T proposing to and such a peace term. It is against
prove before any Judicial committee I the interests of world democracy and
that since 1910 one memner oipar"- Jf ,t u not withdrawn
ment nas rejecieu u -in
return for a cash payment to party
funds and that the father of a member
of the house of commons was oirerea
a baronetcy for 25.000 pounds.
'He charged also that a member of
parliament who was created a peer
after the beginning of the war sub
scribed shortly afterward a very large
sum of money to a newspaper that
sunnorts the premier. , , .
He mentions also instances In which
he says titles were granted to a poli
tician of so notorious a character as
to be regarded as unfit to be a candi
date for parliament, to another poli
tician regarded as unscrupulous and
to a third man -previously Evolved in
a nwouwufl . . 1" ... v, (
Gen. CroTt ouerea io jirov.
Joke on America
Says Drys Have Captured
Machine and Democ
racy Is Powerless.
London. Eng- July 2S. "Some day
there will arise some great American
who will have the courage to tell his
countrymen that it is the very nega
tion of liberty to allow any man or
number of men to interfere with any
one else except in so far as he Is a
nuisance or a danger to the commu
nity. If he succeeds the Americans
will probably make him king under
the title and style of boss and dis
cover what freedom Is."
This is what the Globe, one of the
most conservative of London's papers,
says in a long editorial discussing
prohibition in the United States. The
editorial is both humorous and sar
castic. It continues:
"Americans who have fondly, though
as it appears mistakenly believed
that they lived in a free counyr. have
to revise their ideas and eltuer find
frm were enforced might throw
heavier taxes upon allied working-
men, owing to tne uerman aeun
onenev. would have little argumenta
tive weight, especially among those
soldiers who gave four years of their
lifetime and earning power to recent
conflict, according to these doubters.
This situation Is one the Germans
are counting on very strongly today.
They are even open about proclaiming
It. The Manchester Guarulan sums it
"The bulk of the German Socialists
believe that all over the world the
labor parties are enormously increas
ing in strength and will soon have
political control. These parties will
see the worijnen in German worsens
under different conditions from them
selves, and very soon the terms will
be modified In all directions."
As the London Times points out. the
Independent German Socialists and
Communists frequently advocated the
signing of the peace in the hope that
the "world revolution" would come
"We must be done with, the state of
war, they say, and it is idle to dis
pute over terms dictated to us by cap
italism." says the Times. "They are no
worse, the Germans say. than the
terms which triumphant German
capitalism would have inflicted. Sign
the peace, and let us get on with the
Internationale; the united workers
of the world will make short work
of the terms as soon as they have
come to power!"
Clearly, heavy pressure could again
be put on Germany at any time simply
through the blockade. But. with in
sidious propaganda for "world Soc
ialism," which the Germans already
are preparing to unleash, will the al
lies, or eveaithe league ot nations, be
of sufficient power and Influence; to
keep order in their own lands and at
the sam time make. Germany "toe the
mark" or tote la the marts?
make concessions on the Red sea and m(t tnat yjgy naTe been deprived of
Somaliland. But Italy is asking lor.
French Jibuti, tne port at ine en
trance to the Red sea, the starting
place or the railroad which goes back
into Abvsslnla, and this the French
decline to cede.
That Tripoli can ever be prosnerous.
In the sense that French and British
North African colonies are prosperous.
Is Impossible, that It Sen ever be a
source of profit to Italy Is exceeding
ly unlikely. Nor is there much more
hope along the Red sea or in Somali
land. In both regions Italy will make
inri-aa- hot for the most
part, what she pains will be desert
districts, unsulted to European colo
nization. Incapable of any great In
dustrial or agricultural development
Spain Must Get Out.
As for Spain, the Versailles docu
ment unmistakably foreshadows the
ultimate extinction of Spanish rule In
the insignificant strip of Moroccan
soil, which is all that survives of four
centuries of Spanish effort on the
south shore of the Mediterranean. And
in this strip. Spanish armies are now,
affalwavs. closely besieged behind the
walls of their fortified towns, while
the cost of the venture in men and
money annually increases.
To extinguish Spanish rule. France
would ray liberally, but Spanish pride
prevents such a transaction. The fact
that Tangier, which was a naturalized
town and zone and Spanish Morocco,
were used bv the Germans as bases
for raising the natives In the FTench
...Inn- the fact that disorder In Span.
ih Morocco leads to disturbances in
the French districts, make.it almost
imperative that France should com
plete her North African empire by the
acqnlsitlon of the Spanish zone and
Beyond qvestion. we shall see many
changes In the map of Africa In the
next few years In exchanges of terri
tory. In the larger sense the treaty
of Versailles divides Africa between
the French and the British, although
it assigns a relatively Insignificant
part to Italv and confirms Belgium In
the occupation of a vast central area.
Only Abyssinia remains independent
and In the nature of things it will be
come more and more a dependeiyy of
the British, since British and Abys
sinian frontiers march for so many
miles. Copyright 1919, by McClure
tr. An not for one moment sup
pose that the majority of the Ameri
can people are really in favor of this
amazing abridgement of their natural
rights, but the Prohibitionists have
captured the machine, and. as usually
happens In such cases, the democracy
has become ashamed to say in public
that he likes a cocktail or a glass
nf lai... and means to iret it
-The amazing fact remains that
90 millions of sane, white human be
in, nlAc-M themselves to use their
combined power to prevent any of
their number from refreshing himself
In the usual way."
Germans Try to Escape
From Australian Prison
To Avoid Repatriation
Sydney. Australia, July 26. (Corre
spondence of The Associated Press
Several hundred Germans and Aus
trians made an attempt to escape by
tunneling from the Holdsworthy con
centration camp here recently in
order to foil the purpose of the Aus
tralian authorities to send them back
to Germany and Austria.
The military authorities had pre
viously notified the interned Teutons
that they were soon to be returned to
their native countries. Shortly before
they were to he taken out oi me in
ternment camp the authorities discov
ered a tunnel 150 feet long, which
led from the barracks underneath the
fence enclosing the camp and thence
to the surface outside. The tunnel
was the work of about ISO men and
apparently was begun as soon aar the
prisoners received warning of Inten
tion to send them home. They had
planned to break free from the camp
on the night before the sailing of the
steamer for England.
Earth removed from the tunnel had
been so distributed around the camp
that it was not noticed until the tun
nel was almost completed. When the
tunnel was discovered the Germans
made a hostl'e demonstration, bnt the j
guards suppressed It The prisoners i
watched with chagrin the filling In
of the tunnel. 1
Japanese Laborers TaJe
Up Socialism and one
On Smallest Provocation
Tokio, Japan, July 26. (Corre
spondence of The Associated Press.)
The Increasing; tendency of the Jap
anese workers to "assert their rights"
and to interest themselves in social
ism la causing leading Japanese to
study the means of meeting this la
bor problem. It is pointed out that
strikes are increasing and that as
Japanese labor has no organized
voice, the strikes are liawe to lean
to dangerous violence, as in the case
of the rice riots last year.
The Herald of Asia says that there
Is a considerable element affected by
socialist theories, but that owing to
th. v.rA renresslon imposed by the
authorities there is no means . of
knowing how far Socialism has
spread. The Journal adds: "That the
bacteria exists here there Is no doubt
it is kent under so far. but it only
smoulders, ready to break out on oc
casion. If Socialism cannot legitl-
in.tai. ri i . its npaa. 1 1! r :i 1 l win 1 1 .
to do It illicitly, and the result is
Bolshevism and anarchy." ,
The Journal recommends Immediate
and effective improvement of labor
conditions In line with the sugges
tions of the league of nations, politi
cal and educational reform, the elim
ination or oureaucrauc raeuHwa , i
a true restoration oi mo meu
MEXICO BUILDS AUTOS.
Mexico City, Mex. July 26. The
first automobile ever constructed in
Mexico appeared recently In the capii
tal, having come from Monterrey,
where. It Is said, arrangements are
being madefor building the machines
To Customs Of
Teuton Merchant Captures
Trade By Studying South
Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. July 26.
(Correspondence of The Associated
Press.) Whatever else the Brazilians
may think of the Cermalis; they have
a strong liking for the business meth
ods of the German representatives
formerly la Brazil. Pattern after the
German if you would be successful in
dealing with the Brazilian merchants
Is the advice the Brazilians give to
North Americans seeking to establish
commercial connections held by Eu
ropean business houses before ths
W" is cot from a desire to criticize,
but more from a spirit of sympathy
and helpfulness that Brazilians offer
this advice. .
One local merchant says the German
devoted all his efforts to pleasing the
customer. He learned the native lan
guage, catered to the likes, whims and
eccentricities of the buyer. He did
not try to convince the customer that
he did not know his business or- that
the people did not know the styles.
Instead he ordered from Europe ex
actly what the merchant requested,
and when the shipment arrived he
was on hand to see that it was right
or to make it satisfactory.
In contrast- to this the Brazilian
merchants tell of many North Ameri
cans trying to sell them somethlns
they do not want
Only One Arrest When Historic
Versailles Treaty Was Signed And
That American With- $100,000 Ru,
PARIS. France. July 26. (By MalU
Only one arrest was made at Ver
sailles the day the peace treaty was
signed and the victim was an Ameri
can citizen of Armenian extraction,
Thomas H. KulluJIan. who is well
known In San Francisco. The story of
Kullujian's misadventure threw the
only note of gaiety into an otherwise
entirely solemn event.
A few hours before the treaty was
to be signed. KulluJIan succeeded in
wresting from the French foreign of
fice a permit to enter the grounds ot
the Versailles palace and to take with
him the ,109,000 carpet on which the
Liberty Bell rested in the Persian sec
tion ot the San Francisco exposition,
he having been director of the rug de
partment of that section. Kullujian's
first Idea was to spread the carpet
over the treaty table In the Hall of
Mirrors, but M. Dusasta. the secretary
general of the conference, frowned
upon the suggestion, and after very,
very long negotiations the American
rug expert was allowed to lay down
the carpet on the steps leading to the
Court of Marble up which the dele
gates walked on their way to the Hall
of Mirrors. .
Having arranged with an odd-Job
man. In consideration of a fee of $J.
to go along with him and lend a hand.
Mr. KulluJIan hired a taxicab for 10
. ... .... 4...W tn V.re.in.. and
the couple, looking oddly out of place, Wilson, another to the mayor of San
amid the general display or suit nats fTaneisco ana me mira stai n
and afternoon clothes, rushed Into the
grand courtyard of the palace at 2:20
and spread the carpet on the steps
Just after M. Clemeneeau, had entered
the palace. .
Then they stood aside to watch the
plenipotentiaries arrive, but were im
mediately seized by secret service men
as suspicious characters and harried
into the Versailles Jail, while the po
lice at the gates were formally rep
rimanded for admitting them.
"In about half an hour." said Kul
luJIan afterward, "I managed to con
vince the police thtt I was not at the
palace to kill anyone and they finally
agreed that I might go. But then
they would not let me take my carpet
away, and it is worth at least J100.000.
Only after much argument and a care
ful examination of all my letters
would they permit me to rejaln pos
session of the carpet!"
According to KulluJIan. the rug is
about 108 years old, and has a ro
mantic history. It Is of Persian make
with a French tapestry design, ex
plained by the fact that it was woven
by a French prisoner with the help of
a Persian girl, whom he married.
Somehow It cams into the possession
of the Shah, who IS years ago gave it
to an English teacher visiting Tehe
ran with whom the Persian ruler fell
in love. . .
The first Callfornlan troops to be
enrolled walked across it. ana mo
thereby accumulated was extracted
with a vacuum cleaner and bottled.
One bottle was given to president